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and mileage now allowed him by law. Any provision of law which may prohibit the detail of persons, in the employ of the United States to other service than that which they customarily perform, shall not apply to persons detailed to duty in connection with said Panama-Pacific International Exposition. Employees of the board not otherwise employed by the Government shall be entitled to such compensation as the board may determine: Provided, That compensation shall not be paid to any such employee at a rate in excess of $3,000 per annum. The disbursing officer shall give bond in the sum of $30,000 for the faithful performance of his duties, said bond to be approved by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury shall advance to said officer from time to time, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, a sum of money from the appropriation herein made for the governmental participation in the exposition, not exceeding at any one time the penalty of his bond, to enable him to pay the expenses of exhibition as authorized by the exhibit board.
Suitable buildings for the housing of all said exhibits shall be provided by the Panama Pacific International Exposition Company without expense of any kind to the Government of the United States.
For the purpose of inaugurating, installing, maintaining, and returning said Government exhibits, together with all other expenses of every kind connected therewith, $500,000. Said sum shall be paid by the Secretary of the Treasury from time to time under such regulations as he may prescribe.
The President of the United States is authorized to detail three civilian officers or employees from the executive departments as members of a commission which is hereby constituted as the National Exposition Commission, one of said commissioners who shall be the chairman of said commission, shall be detailed from the Department of State. Vacancies in said commission shall be filled in the same manner as original appointments. Each commissioner shall receive in addition to his original compensation his actual necessary traveling expenses and an allowance of $10 per day in lieu of subsistence. Said commissioners may appoint a secretary at $2,500 per annum, and the sum of $15,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, may be expended for clerical, office, and other necessary and actual expenses of said commission.
Said commission shall be authorized and empowered to act as a board of arbitration to settle and determine any and all disputes arising between the commissioners of foreign Governments and the directors of said Panama-Pacific International Exposition, whenever a formal request for such action is made by any foreign commissioner; and said National Exposition Commission shall represent the Government of the United States at said exposition in the reception and care of persons officially representing foreign Governments.
Said National Exposition Commissioners shall be detailed not earlier than July first, nineteen hundred and fourteen, and their term of service as said commissioners shall not extend beyond July first, nineteen hundred and sixteen, and the President may terminate said commission at any time after January first, nineteen hundred and sixteen.
Approved, June 23, 1913. [38 Stat., 71, 77.]
An Act Making appropriations to supply urgent deficiencies in appropriations for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and thirteen, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and are hereby, appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to supply urgent deficiencies in appropriations for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and thirteen, and for other purposes, namely:
OFFICE OF AUDITOR FOR WAR DEPARTMENT.
The money accounts of the Panama Canal, under the Panama Canal Act of August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelve (Statutes at Large, volume thirty-seven, page five hundred and sixty), shall continue to be audited by the Auditor for the War Department.
Joint Resolution For recognition of the services of the late David Du B. Gaillard, lieutenant colonel, Corps of Engineers, United States Army, as a member of the Isthmian Canal Commission, and for the relief of Mrs. Katherine Davis Gaillard.
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President is hereby authorized to pay, out of moneys appropriated for the salaries of the members of the Isthmian Canal Commission, to Katherine Gaillard, widow of David Du B. Gaillard, lieutenant colonel, Corps of Engineers, United States Army, late an Isthmian Canal commissioner, an amount equal to the salary for one year, as a member of the Isthmian Canal Commission, of the said David Du B. Gaillard, who died on December fifth, nineteen hundred and thirteen, from disease resulting from his long and arduous service in the construction of the Panama Canal.
Approved, December 22, 1913. [38 Stat., 1464.]
An Act To amend an Act entitled "An Act to prohibit the importation and use of opium for other than medicinal purposes," approved February ninth, nineteen hundred and nine.131
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That an Act entitled "An Act to prohibit the importation and use of opium for other than medicinal purposes," approved February ninth, nineteen hundred and nine, is hereby amended so as to read as follows:
"SEC. 5. That no smoking opium or opium prepared for smoking shall be admitted into the United States, or into any territory under the control or jurisdiction thereof, for transportation to another country, nor shall such opium be transferred or transshipped from one vessel to another vessel within any waters of the United States for immediate exportation or any other purpose.
"SEC. 6. That hereafter it shall be unlawful for any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States to export or cause to be exported from the United States, or from territory under its control or jurisdiction, or from countries in which the United States exercises extraterritorial jurisdiction, any opium or cocaine, or any salt, derivative, or preparation of opium or cocaine, to any other country: Provided, That opium or cocaine, and salts, derivatives, or preparations thereof, except smoking opium or opium prepared for smoking, the exportation of which is hereby absolutely prohibited, may be exported to countries regulating their entry under such regulations as are prescribed by such country for the importation thereof into such country, such regulations to be promulgated from time to time by the Secretary of State of the United States. 133
"The Secretary of State shall request all foreign Governments to communicate through the diplomatic channels copies of laws and regulations promulgated in their respective countries which prohibit or regulate the importation of the aforesaid drugs, and when received advise the Secretary of the Treasury and the Secretary of Commerce thereof; whereupon the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Secretary of Commerce shall make and publish all proper regulations for carrying the provisions of this section into effect.
"SEC. 7. That any person who exports or causes to be exported any of the aforesaid drugs in violation of the preceding section shall be fined in any sum not exceeding $5,000 nor less than $50 or by imprisonment for any time not exceeding two years, or both. And one-half of any fine recovered from any person or persons convicted of an offense under any section of this Act may be paid to the person or persons giving information leading to such recovery, and one-half of any bail forfeited and collected in any proceedings brought under this Act may be paid to the person or persons giving the information which led to the institution of such proceedings, if so directed by the court exercising jurisdiction in the case: Provided, That no payment for giving information shall be made to any officer or employee of the United States.
Approved, January 17, 1914. [38 Stat., 275.]
131 Executive Order of Apr. 27, 1915 (E. O. 212) changed the name of "Culebra Cut" of the Panama Canal to "Gaillard Cut," in honor of the late Lieut. Col. Gaillard.
132 Act of Dec. 17, 1914, pp. 111-114, provides for importation, sale and tax of medicinal opium, and the last paragraph, sec. 2 thereof, authorizes President to enforce in Canal Zone by Executive Order. See Executive Order of Mar. 1, 1915 (E. O. 210).
133 Par. c, sec. 2, act of Dec. 17, 1914, p. 111, contains same provision.
An Act To authorize the President of the United States to locate, construct, and operate railroads in the Territory of Alaska, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States is hereby empowered, authorized, and directed to utilize in carrying on the work herein provided for any and all machinery, equipment, instruments, material, and other property of any sort whatsoever used or acquired in connection with the construction of the Panama Canal, so far and as rapidly as the same is no longer needed at Panama, and the Isthmian Canal Commission is hereby authorized to deliver said property to such officers or persons as the President may designate, and to take credit therefor at such percentage of its original cost as the President may approve, but this amount shall not be charged against the fund provided for in
Approved, March 12, 1914. [38 Stat., 305, 306.]
An Act Making appropriations to supply urgent deficiencies in appropriations for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and fourteen and for prior years, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums are appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to supply urgent deficiencies in appropriations for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and fourteen, and for prior years, and for other purposes, namely:
Payment to Panama: To enable the Secretary of State to pay to the Government of Panama the second annual payment due on February twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred and fourteen, from the Government of the United States to the Govern ment of Panama under treaty of November eighteenth, nineteen hundred and three, $250,000.
On and after July first, nineteen hundred and fourteen, unless otherwise expressly provided by law, no officer or employee of the United States shall be allowed or paid any sum in excess of expenses actually incurred for subsistence while traveling on duty outside of the District of Columbia and away from his designated post of duty, nor any sum for such expenses actually incurred in excess of $5 per day; nor shall any allowance or reimbursement for subsistence be paid to any officer or employee in any branch of the public service of the United States in the District of Columbia unless absent from his designated post of duty outside of the District of Columbia, and then only for the period of time actually engaged in the discharge of official duties.
To continue the construction of the Panama Canal, to be expended under the direction of the President, in accordance with an Act entitled "An Act to provide for the construction of a canal connecting the waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans," approved June twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred and two, and Acts amendatory thereof or supplementary thereto, and to continue available until expended: For skilled and unskilled labor on the Isthmus, including engineers, conductors, firemen, brakemen, electricians, teamsters, cranesmen, machinists, black smiths, and other artisans, and their helpers; janitors, sailors, cooks, waiters, and dairymen, for the departments of construction and engineering, quartermaster's, subsistence, disbursements and examination of accounts, $2,250,000.
For material, supplies, equipment, construction and repairs of buildings, medical aid and support of the insane, and of indigent persons permanently disabled, while in the line of duty and in the employ of the Isthmian Canal Commission, from earning a livelihood, and contingent expenses of the department of sanitation on the Isthmus, $200,000.
For the following for fortifications and armament thereof for the Panama Canal, to continue available until expended, namely:
Submarine-mine structures: For the construction of mining casemates, cable galleries, torpedo structures, cable tanks, and other structures necessary for the operation, preservation, and care of submarine mines and their accessories on the Canal Zone, $55,000.
For the construction of field fortifications, $194,350.
Such portion of the appropriation of $180,000, made in the sundry civil appropriation Act approved June twenty-third, nineteen hundred and thirteen, for filling swamp in rear of defensive works at Margarita Island as may not be required for that purpose may be applied to filling swamp land in the vicinity of the defensive works at Toro Point. For the purpose of paying the expenses of formally and officially opening the Panama Canal as provided in section four of the Panama Canal Act,134 including the compensation of such persons as may be appointed by the President to provide for such opening under the direction of the Governor of the Panama Canal, the President is authorized to use out of the moneys heretofore or hereafter appropriated for the construction, completion, operation, or maintenance of the Panama Canal the sum of $25,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary. The appointment of persons in the military and naval service of the United States is hereby expressly authorized: Provided, That, if any person so appointed shall be employed in either the military or naval service of the United States, the amount of compensation fixed by the President under this resolution shall be in addition to the official salary paid to such person.
The wage scale of the persons employed in the construction of the Panama Canal in effect prior to April first, nineteen hundred and fourteen, shall continue unchanged during the period of actual construction, but not later than June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and sixteen; and no claim of any person employed in connection with the construction of the Panama Canal shall be recognized or paid by the United States for longevity service 135 or lay-over days accruing subsequently to June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and nine.
Authority is hereby given to employ and pay, from appropriations heretofore or hereafter made, an attorney versed in the Spanish law, and familiar with the conditions on the Isthmus in connection with the acquisition of privately owned lands in the Canal Zone, and in connection with the codification of the Canal Zone laws, at a salary not to exceed $7,200 per annum.136
SEC. 5. That no part of any money appropriated in this or any other Act shall be used for compensation or payment of expenses of accountants or other experts in inaugurating new or changing old methods of transacting the business of the United States or the District of Columbia unless authority for employment of such services or payment of such expenses is stated in specific terms in the Act making provision therefor and the rate of compensation for such services or expenses is specifically fixed therein, or be used for compensation of or expenses for persons, aiding or assisting such accountants or other experts, unless the rate of compensation of or expenses for such assistants is fixed by officers or employees of the United States or District of Columbia having authority to do so, and such rates of compensation or expenses so fixed shall be paid only to the person so employed. Approved, April 6, 1914. [38 Stat., 329, 335.]
An Act Making appropriations for the support of the Army for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and fifteen.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following sums be, and they are hereby, appropriated, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the support of the Army for the year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and fifteen, and for other purposes:
13 The Panama Canal was officially and formally opened by Proclamation of the President of July 12, 1920 (E. O. 274).
135 See notes under act of Mar. 4, 1909, p. 52, relating to longevity increases.
136 Governor's Circular No. 661-3 of Apr. 1, 1914, appointed a Special Attorney in agreement with this paragraph.
And provided further, That after September first, nineteen hundred and fourteen, in time of peace, whenever any officer holding a permanent commission in the line of the Army, with rank of colonel, lieutenant colonel, or major, shall not have been actually present for duty for at least two years of the last preceding six years witha command composed of not less than two troops, batteries, or companies of that branch of the Army in which he shall hold said commission, such officer shall not be detached nor permitted to remain detached from such command for duty of any kind except as hereinafter specifically provided; and all pay and allowances shall be forfeited by any superior for any period during which, by his order or his permission, or by reason of his failure or neglect to issue or cause to be issued the proper order or instructions at the proper time, any officer shall be detached or permitted to remain detached in violation of any of the terms of this Act; but nothing in this Act shall be held to apply in the case of any officer for such period as shall be actually necessary for him, after having been relieved from detached service, to join the organization or command to which he shall belong in that branch in which he shall hold a permanent commission; nor shall anything in this Act be held to apply to the detachment or detail of officers for duty in connection with the construction of the Panama Canal until after such canal shall have been formally opened.
Approved, April 27, 1914. [38 U. S. Stats., 357.]
An Act To amend section five 137 of "An Act to provide for the opening, maintenance, protection, and operation of the Panama Canal and the sanitation and government of the Canal Zone," approved August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelve.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the second sentence in section five of the Act entitled "An act to provide for the opening, maintenance, protection, and operation of the Panama Canal, and the sanitation and government of the Canal Zone," approved August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelve, which reads as follows: "No tolls shall be levied upon vessels engaged in the coast wise trade of the United States," be, and the same is hereby, repealed.
SEC. 2. That the third sentence of the third paragraph of said section of said Act be so amended as to read as follows: "When based upon net registered tonnage for ships of commerce the tolls shall not exceed $1.25 per net registered ton, nor be less than 75 cents per net registered ton, subject, however, to the provisions of article nineteen of the convention between the United States and the Republic of Panama, entered into November eighteenth, nineteen hundred and three": Provided, That the passage of this Act shall not be construed or held as a waiver or relinquishment of any right the United States may have under the treaty with Great Britain, ratified the twenty-first of February, nineteen hundred and two,138 or the treaty with the Republic of Panama, ratified February twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred and four 139 or otherwise, to discriminate in favor of its vessels by exempting the vessels of the United States or its citizens from the payment of tolls for passage through said canal, or as in any way waiving, impairing, or affecting any right of the United States under said treaties, or otherwise, with respect to the sovereignty over or the ownership, control, and management of said canal and the regulation of the conditions or charges of traffic through the same.
Approved, June 15, 1914. [38 Stat., 385.]
An Act To authorize and direct Colonel George W. Goethals, Governor of the Canal Zone, and formerly chairman and chief engineer of the Isthmian Canal Commission, to investigate certain claims of the McClintic-Marshall Construction Company.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Colonel George W. Goethals, Governor of the Canal Zone, and formerly chairman and chief engineer of the Isthmian Canal Commission, is hereby authorized and directed to investigate the claims of the McClinticMarshall Construction Company, a corporation of the State of Pennsylvania, having its principal office in the city of Pittsburgh, in said State, and to ascertain what
137 pp. 79-86.
138 pp. 16-17. 139 pp. 18-23.