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there were placed in the treasury ten thousand dollars to the account of the pious work of the "Niños del Carro" of Manila, according to the disposition of the testatrix, and four hundred and three thousand seven hundred and thirteen dollars two reals nine grains to the account of the missions of the Californias and of the Philippines, half to each, following out the tenor of her will. In the years 1805, 1806, and 1807 nothing appears to have been deposited by the Marquis of Santa Cruz de Ynguanzo, nor since the time that he has been administrator of the estates of Don Juan Antonio Ayerdi. The greatest part of said goods was sold at the auction of December 15, 1808, as follows: The hacienda of Torreon, Huerta de Santa Cruz, and Baña de Atotonilco, Rio Chico, Juana Gonzales, and Labor de la Natividad, to Doña Josefa Gonzales Guerra, who deposited on various dates one hundred and eighty-eight thousand dollars. The haciendas of Maguey and Estancia de Organos were knocked down to Don Fermin Antonio de Apecechea, who also, upon different dates, deposited one hundred and eleven thousand three hundred and fifty dollars, five reals, six grains, over and above fifteen thousand seven hundred and two dollars, seven reals, and nine grains of interest from the time that he made no payment on the principal. The hacienda of Ciénega and the urban properties appear to have remained unsold, concerning which the said Ayerdi, now handling what ought to be deposited on account of their products, could give an explanation. This same individual is the attorney for the heir of Señora Argüelles, who is interested to the extent of a one-fourth part in the estate left by her will, and to whom twenty thousand three hundred and thirty-seven dollars, five reals, four and one-half grains remain owing, on account of the fourth part of the properties sold, and out of which he has received fifty-four thousand five hundred dollars. In the treasury there ought to be left two hundred and fiftynine thousand five hundred and fifty-three dollars, five reals, three grains; of which twenty thousand three hundred and thirty-seven dollars, five reals, four and one-half grains belong to the heir, and to the missions of California and Manila and the Philippines, half to each, two hundred and thirty-nine thousand two hundred and fifteen dollars, seven reals, ten and one-half grains, which is as much as we can tell your excellency in compliance with your superior order of the 25th instant. God guard your excellency many years. Mexico, May 25, 1816. To His Excellency José Montér, Antonio Batres, His Excellency Don Felix Maria Calleja. In the margin. Mexico, June 12, 1816. To the attorney of the royal treasury for the service of the Government of Count del Valle. Wherever the proceedings concerning the estate of Marchioness de Paula Argüelles may exist, considering the desire of the attorney Don Juan Antonio de Ayerdi, in which he asks permission to leave this capital, without designating any time, in order that he may move in the premises, and concerning the last, state if the stay of Ayerdi is necessary here. Rubric.


SEC. 62. Since the agency of the missions of the Californias was situated in the College of San Andrés, of this capital, which the Society of Jesus occupied at the time of the expulsion of its members, his excel

lency the viceroy, Marquis of Croix, instructed Don José Basarte that simultaneously with the taking possession of the properties of the college he should likewise assume control of those belonging to the Pious Fund, and in order that I may be able to relate to your highness systematically the condition in which they were found, that in which they were at the end of last year-1776-and the other circumstances which I have promised to add in this third part, I have thought it well and conducive to greater clearness to do it in the following tables:

Funds and goods on hand.

In the office of the agency there was found in cash
In golds and effects sold previously by the depositario general, Don
Eugenio Daza..

The silver ore sent by the missions of California to the city of Guadala-
jara, 100 marks, 64 oz., which converted into money in this capital
leaves net, after paying the duty thereon....

Amounting to..

$92, 400. 0.0

28, 626.5.0


121, 881. 1.6

NOTE.-With a portion of this sum an attempt was made to establish the house of refuge or rest for old and decrepit missionaries, as was ordered by the Marquis de Villapuente, one of the founders, in his last will. This result, however, was never attained.


The Pious Fund of the Californias has suffered a very deplorable fate, notwithstanding that it is very valuable, not only on account of the value of its estates, but also on account of its capital invested. The former do not produce as much as they should, on account of the want of ready money necessary for their cultivation; nor do the latter produce any important revenues, because they are partly loaned to persons guaranteeing to pay annuities, many of whom fail to pay; and partly to the public treasury, which does not pay either, nor can it do so at present, on account of its well-known distresses. Thus it is that for many years past there have been very considerabic arrearages in the payment of the salaries to the missionaries, so that the amounts which are now owing them on this account form a very large sum, which, according to the most recent accounts that exist in the department in my charge, can not be less than one hundred and thirty thousand dollars.

The document No. 3, prepared in view of the last examined and approved accounts, up to the year 1827, gives a clear and detailed idea of the properties belonging to the fund, the successive falling off of the proceeds of the principal estate in which it has an interest being shown therein.

It is clear that those territories, concerning whose economic and political importance there is no doubt, find themselves very much neglected in their civil and religious administration, and it is the more so because their advance in every branch involves no expense upon the national treasury. The Pious Fund belonging to these territories would be sufficient of itself to completely fulfill these important ends, if its proceeds were put to use, and in order to attain this object, the Government proposes to concentrate upon this point the special attention which it merits, at least in so far as returns can be expected from

the country properties, which are very susceptible of improvement. Never, however, will these proceeds to the extent that they can be turned into cash suffice of themselves alone for the endowment of the missions and other uses for which they were intended. In order to fulfill this completely, it would be necessary to add to them the properties of the missions of the Philippines, which certainly can not be applied to a purpose more analogous, nor more in conformity with the original will of the founders.

Document No. 3 (número 3), Transcript, page 220, is a recital of some of the capitals of the Pious Fund, which up to 1827 was invested as there indicated.

The next table shows the yearly proceeds and expenses of the hacienda Ciénega del Pastor for the years therein indicated. Then follows a list of some of the amounts due the Pious Fund of California by the national treasury, together with their unpaid interest, until the year 1842. This corresponds in the main with the inventory presented by Don Pedro Ramirez.


SACRAMENTO, CAL., July 30, 1902.

Most Rev. P. W. RIORDAN, Archbishop of San Francisco.

MOST REVEREND DEAR ARCHBISHOP: I enclose herewith my general power of attorney. You may need it before the arbitral court of the Pious Fund claim at The Hague. By this I appoint you to act in my stead for the collection of said moneys of the Pious Fund.

Yours truly in Christ, [CORPORATE SEAL.]

THOMAS GRACE, Roman Catholic Bishop of Sacramento.

Know all men by these presents, that the undersigned, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Sacramento, a corporation sole, has made, constituted, and appointed, and by these presents does make, constitute, and appoint Most Rev. Patrick W. Riordan, archbishop of San Francisco, its true and lawful attorney for it and its name, place, and stead, and for its use and benefit, to ask, demand, sue for, recover, collect, and receive all such sums of moneys, debts, dues, accounts, legacies, bequests, interests, dividends, annuities, and demands whatsoever as are now or shall hereafter become due, owing, payable, or belonging to it; and have, use, and take all lawful ways and means in its name, or otherwise, for the recovery thereof, by legal process, and to compromise and agree for the same, and acquittances or other sufficient discharges for the same, for it and in its name, to make, seal, and deliver; to bargain, contract, agree for, purchase, receive, and take lands, tenements, hereditaments, and accept the seisin and possession of all lands and all deeds and other assurances in the law thereof; and to lease, let, demise, bargain, sell, remise, release, convey, mortgage, and hypothecate lands, tenements, and hereditaments upon such terms and conditions, and under such covenants as he shall think fit.

Also to bargain and agree for, buy, sell, mortgage, hypothecate, and in any way and in every way and manner deal in and with goods, wares, and merchandise, choses in action, and other property in possession or in action; and to make, do, and transact all and every kind of business of what nature and kind soever; and also, for it and in its name, and as its act and deed, to sign, seal, execute, deliver, and acknowledge such deeds, leases, assignments of leases, covenants, indentures, agreements, mortgages, hypothecations, bottomries, charter parties, bills of lading, bills, bonds, notes, receipts, evidences of debt, releases and satisfactions of mortgage, judgment and other debts, and such other instruments in writing of whatever kind and nature as may be necessary or proper in the premises.

Giving and granting unto its said attorney full power and authority to do and perform all and every act and thing whatsoever requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all ntents and purposes as it might or could do if personally present, hereby ratifying and confirming all its said attorney shall lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue of these presents.

In witness whereof the undersigned, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Sacramento, a corporation sole, has caused these presents to be executed by the incumbent thereof, and the corporate seal to be thereunto affixed this 30th day of July, in the year 1902.


THOMAS GRACE, Incumbent.

Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of—



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On this 30th day of July, in the year one thousand nine hundred and two, before me, William H. Devlin, a notary public in and for the said county, residing therein, duly commissioned and sworn, personally appeared Thomas Grace, known to me to be the incumbent of the corporation sole, The Roman Catholic Bishop of Sacramento, the corporation that executed the within instrument and acknowledged to me that such corporation executed the same.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my official seal at my office in the county of Sacramento the day and year in this certificate first above written. [NOTARIAL SEAL.]

Notary Public in and for the County of Sacramento,
State of California.

Know all men by these presents, that The Roman Catholic Bishop of Monterey, in the State of California, a corporation sole (the Right Reverend George Montgomery being the incumbent and as such bishop successor of Thadeus Amat, deceased), has made, constituted, and appointed, and by these presents does make, constitute, and appoint the Most Reverend P. W. Riordan, archbishop of San Francisco, his true and lawful attorney, to represent him, and in his name, as such

bishop, to make to the Secretary of State of the United States and to any other officers or diplomatic agents of the same such communications as may be desired of his wishes, election, or consent to any act, agreement, election, or other proceeding had or taken or to be had or taken by the Government of the United States towards bringing to a conclusion and settlement, whether by arbitration or otherwise, the controversy between the Government of the United States and that of the Republic of Mexico regarding the claim made by the Roman Catholic archbishop of San Francisco and himself as Roman Catholic bishop of Monterey, against the Republic of Mexico for payment of the arrears due for the Pious Fund of the Californias heretofore taken possession of by the said Government of Mexico; and to agree, in his name, on any nomination of arbitrators or umpire and the place of arbitration and other details of the arbitration of said controversy proposed to be had between the said Governments; and also to agree upon any compromise or settlement of the said claim, or any claim for further payments on account of the said fund, or for the release of the said Republic therefrom; and for all or any of the purposes aforesaid to consent to and as such attorney to execute any papers or documents needed in the course of said business and to affix his signature thereto; and an attorney or attorneys under him for all or any of the purposes above expressed to appoint; and all or any of the powers so granted by him to any such subordinate attorneys to condition, limit, or revoke at his discretion, and counsellors at law for any of the purposes aforesaid or other needed assistance to retain, agree upon the compensation of, and dismiss in his discretion.

Giving and granting unto the said attorney and his substitute or substitutes full power and authority in the premises to do or cause to be done any of the acts aforesaid which the said Roman Catholic Bishop of Monterey might or could do if personally present and acting; hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorney or his substitute or substitutes shall lawfully do or cause to be done hereinunder.

In witness whereof the corporate seal of the said corporation, The Roman Catholic Bishop of Monterey, has been hereto affixed and these presents duly signed by the said Right Reverend George Montgomery, incumbent of said bishopric, this 23rd day of January, A. D. 1902. THE ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOP OF MONTEREY, A Corporation Sole, By THE RIGHT REVEREND GEORGE MONTGOMERY,






State of California, County of Los Angeles, 88:


I, J. Wiseman Macdonald, a notary public in and for the said county, an officer having authority to take the acknowledgment of deeds, do certify that on the 24th of February, A. D. 1902, before me, came the Right Reverend George Montgomery (a corporation sole), known to me to be the same person described in, and who, as such corporation sole, executed the foregoing warrant of attorney and acknowledged to me that he executed the same as such corporation sole, for the uses and purposes therein mentioned, by affixing thereto the cor

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