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and ability than he possesses, to extina ( the monstrous aggression whichi all Euguish.---Proceeding northward, the affairs rope, and, I lainent to say, Great Britain of Holland next meet the eye. Here, we also, have committed against the brave find the most unnatural union between the Norwegiaus. The historian will blush, Dutchman and the Brabanter; men as when he indites the page in which he opposite in their pursuits, composition, records the detestable fact, that a British and constitution as two animals of the Fleet blockaded the Norwegian ports, to . same species can possible be. An army

An army starve that wretched country into subof 75,000 troops, in the pay of England, mission their new masters, by one balf our own countrymen, is in gar- preventing the entry of all the common rison in that conntry. Where the people articles of necessity, even to food; are satisfied, such an army is unnecessary, and this in violation of the general wish and if they are not satisfied, twice the of the whole country, expressed in the nuinber will not make them so.--It is ut- strongest manner almost by acclamation. terly impossible to describe the state of The wind revolts at a picture like this ; Germany, for here calculation is perfectly and yet this is the state of peace and haplost.: Report contradicts report, in end- piness which the allied Sovereigns have tess variety. One thing alone is clear, so pompously sounded throughout Europe that the allied sovereigns, who established they were about to confer upon

mankind. the late crusade, in the most solemn, It remains to say a few words as to our professions of the most pure disinte- own favoured country. In the year 1792, restedness are now adopting the very when the heaven-born minister involved system of Napoleon, even to the expres- us in twenty-two years war, had any man sions be made use of in that system. ventured to assert

, that in the year 1815, The ear is fatigued with the word " In- we should have incurred a debt of nearly ► demuity," and I was in hopes that, in a THOUSAND MILLIONS, and that the commun decency, it would have been left boasted “fice Englishman,” should be out of the vocabulary of the Allies. On subject to a tax by which his most secret the contrary, it appears that the Vienna concerns were laid open to investigation, Congress is occupied, day and night, in he would have been treated either as a carding out fresh “ indemnities” for the vol, or a madman. Yet so it is, and so compuerors of their great prototype, the fit will continue, unless something like the fallea Napoleon. Russia and Prussia public spirit of former times is revived, are said to be determined on seizing their The operation of corruption has been so defenceless prey, and to possess then general, that it has extended its baneful selves by force of what is denied to them inluence, more or less, in every quarter. by reason, justice, and common honesty. Tlie vile hireling press has had its full Was there a single act in the whole life of share of the miseniet. Men's ruinds, durthe Frencii Emperor' so base and atrocious ing the continuance of the late war, were as the attempt attributed to these monarchs too much occupied with foreign politics, to root out the whole family of the King to devote sufficient of their time and atof Saxony? The deposition of Ferdinand tention to what was passing at home. of Spain, was but child's play to this. The evil, therefore, has taken deep root, He signed his abdication, and Joseph bad and it will require a! our energies to root a pretence at least to his throne, not only it up. It is a sacreil duty every one owes hov this act of Ferdinand, but by the wilt to the country, and I cordially hope that pof at least one half of the population of duty may be fulfilled. the country. But, in Saxony, the whole pation, to a man, concur in abhorring this

FINANCE. tartar-like usurpation; and it never can he carriert but by the loss of niuch hu- Mr. COPBETT.-I have read with peman blood. The same argninent precise- cular attention an account in the Mornly applies to Poland. That ill-fated coun ing Chronicle, purporting to be a detail fry has been ever the prey lo lawless of the proceedings of the late Winchester violence and ambitiou; and the magna- Meeting on the subject of the Properly nimous Alexander is accused of foliowing, Tax.--I have looked this over in the mot with undeviating accuracy, the blood- careful manner, and am of opinion, from

, stained steps of his ancestor, the immor- its internal evidence, that this must be a sad Catherine. But huvi shali I describe ! garbled statement, and that Mr. Perry



has not given itasit really took place. I very but remain there to take care of our friend much lament this, because in the present the Sovereign Prince of the Netherlands, degraded state of the British Press, the or whatever he is called, and to protect Morning Chronicle and Statesman are him and his new dominions from the apthe only daily newspapers in which the prehensions he entertains from his new public has a chance of finding any thing subjects and his old neighbours. It seems like the truth; and if Mr. Perry, no to be totally forgotten also, that Commismatter from what motives, is to be in-sary General Sir Hugh Robert Kennedy, duced to withhold from us any thing of Knight, and Commissary General Sir importance on our side of the question, Charles Henry Dalrymple, Knight, and and Mr. Lovell is to be continued in his Commissary General Sir Charles Edward imprisonment in Newgate, no matter how Eylmir, Knight, (one 'Scotch, one Irish, or why ; in these cases, the only two and one English, to properly represent sources we have of genuine information Mr. John Bull in his triple capacity) are will be completely shut up, and we must at present most actively occupied in, what look to the polluted streams of the Times is called according to the technical phrase and the Courier, for whatever filth and of office, winding up the accounts of the falsehood they choose to cram down Peninsula, where a sum of no less than our throats-However, taking Mr. Perry's thirteen millions, for which bills either account (for we have no other,) to be an are or will be drawn upon the English accurate one, I beg leave to trouble you treasury, remains to be provided for.

I with a few observations, that occur to me The enormous expence which must ateven from so imperfect an account of the tend the bringing home of our American proceedings of that day.

army; the unsettled Ordinance accounts; The public cannot but be much in the charges of Transport, and various debted to you for the manly manner in other branches of the public service, which you met the question, and, with which, supposing the ratification of peace out reference either to Whigs or to arrive in the earliest possible time, Tories, without thinking either of Lord must of necessity continue so long, that Grey or Lord Grenville, or Mr. Pitt's six this year will probably expire before any per cent. or Mr. Fox's ten per cent. at effectual reduction can take place, will once declaring openly and above aboard, obviously create an expence so enormous, that in the present state of our expendi- that not only will the Property Tax, or ture, this tax must go on, or a substitute some other equally productive, be necesfor it be provided. The fact is, the Go-sary to meet it, but a loan of at least vernment cannot go on without resources twenty millions will be required for the to the amount which it produces. It is service of the current year.-The trifling understood that the war with America reduction which has taken place in the cost upon an average a million a month. navy, can hardly be said at all to diminish Speaking from memory only, I believe our expence in that branch of service; the Property Tax produced about twenty and I am quite satisfied that the Prince millions a year. Thus, therefore, at the Regent's week's merry making at Jubilee first blush, it would appear that even fair, and the feasting and dancing of the during the continuance of the American Allied Sovereigns, who honoured us with war, this tax produced a surplus of eight their company last Summer, will cost a millions, and that, therefore, when the much greater sam than will have been war ceased, of course the Property Tax saved by the paying off the few ships ought to cease also. But the very oppo- that have been placed in ordinary. site is the fact; and although by the fa- No effectual reduction has certainly vourable issue of the negociations at taken place at home. If we except the Ghent, a very considerable saving will no reduction of the Militia, and a few superdoubt' be made ; yet it appears to be numary officers of the line placed on half totally forgotten, that we have an army pay, nothing that can be called an imin America of from 30 to 40,000 men, portant saving lias been made. It is and another in Holland of nearly twice true, a few second battalions have been that amount. The army in America can reduced. But how? Why by drafting not be brought home for at least six the men to their respective first battamonths to come; and that in Belgium, I lions; and thus the only diminution suppose, will not be brought home at all, of expence is the mere difference between

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the full and half pay of a set of meritorious paid by the consciousness that the and deserving officers, who are sent to sentiments are the offspring of an hothe right-about now they are no longer nourable feeling, and consequently will wanted; while all the extraordinary and meet your approbation. I am, &c. expensive establishments of the Treasury, and the Horse Guards, remain untouched,

Buckinghamshire. R. H. M. and, I suppose, will be untouchable. The third Secretary of State-ship was expressly created as a mere war establish

ON AMERICA. ment. A variety of corps of different

HAIL! happy land--the blest abode, sorts and descriptions, such as the Royal Artillery Drivers, the Royal Staff Corps, Of those, indignant at Oppression’voj sd';

, the Royal Waggon Train, and various with thee a hospitable home they find; other similar non-descripts were all war establishinents. Sir · Digby Hamilton,

Where no proud Tyrant dares maintain, Knight, Waggon Master General, and In haughty pomp, his iron reign; temporary rank Major General, was, as

Where no vain titles are conferr'd, his very designation purports, only a war establishment. Yet this colossus, as well Upon Corruption's servile herd; in size as in expence, still hovers about

But where EQUALITY alone the Horse Guards, shedding his baneful influence in all directions.

Has built upon a rock its throne; How is it possible then that the In- They fly, America, to thee, come Tax can be dispensed with, while

To taste the sweets of LIBERTY; such tremendous draughts as these are made upon the public purse? We begin Undaunted plough tl'Atlantic wave, at the wrong end. Instead of meeting to

And buoy'd by Hope, all dangers brave; petition for the repeal of this tax, we should petition for the diminution of the They leave the slaves of Courts expence which occasions its necessity.

behind, In that case we should have reason on To seek the promis'd land, th' Asylum of our side, for it is palpable and apparent

mankind. that while the present most frightful expenditure is suffered to continue, it is im

Hlail! land of FREEDOM, -Genius there possible to suppose but that a system of taxation sufficiently productive must be Protected, thrives beneath thy fost'ring adapted to meet it. I remain, &c.

care, Civis. The mind unshackled, and restraints un

known; AMERICA.

TheRIGHTS OFMANare there display'd, SIR, -The acquaintance I consider Of no despotic law afraid ; myself to have formed with you, through

Religion, heav'nly Maid, is FREE, the channel of your valuable Register, and feeling confident you will pardon my pre

And teaches pure Morality; sumption, induce me to intrude the en

No subtle Priests with Tyrants join'd, closed on your attention; and if not con

Endeavour to enslave Mankind; trary to your regulations, and you should deem it worthy of insertion in your use- But free in action as in word, ful publication, I can only say it will par

The voice of JUSTICE there is heard ; ticularly oblige a young man, who'has imbibed from your instruction and exam- Who executes, with even hand, ple an ardent love of liberty, and who

Tlieequal laws, which Wisdom plann'd; has witnessed the late efforts of the Americans to maintain their independ- May thy example, to surrounding Nations ence, with admiration, and the termination

shewn, of the contest with the greatest satisfac- Hurl Priesteraft to the dust, and Despotism tion. Should my request be thought too presumptuous, I shall at any rate be re

from his throne.

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in no slight degree to confirm the opinion MR Mr. COBBETT.-Although it may be

which so many entertain upon this subhazardous to canvass, at present, the who has uniformly been the decided ene

ject with myself, that the only monarch motives of our generous, and just allies, yet 'I think that their proceedings form my of Napoleon, remains the victim of à very prominent subject for general the friendly commiseration, or the notice

his sincere hostility, without exciting either animadversion. Perhaps, previously to

of those inonarchs to whom he set the entering into any review of their conduct, it may be as well to say a few first example of resistance and resolution.

I words relative to the exaggerated expec- too fond of war, and perhaps deranged;

am not justifying his conduct; he was tations, generally formed as to the result of the deliberations of tliese digni- for the deposition of legitimate kinys, the

but God knows if these are just reasons fied and immaculate characters. "It for was certainly imagined by a great majo- the regal list of former times. The person

“ decks would soon be swabbed," of half Tity of those who huzzaed and attended,

I allude to is Gustavus of Sweden, who from morning to night, every moveinent has lost his own kingdom in the cause for of our recent royal visitors, that every which ourselves and our magnanimous thing would be settled by them upon allies pretend to have been tighting-the the tairest and most honorable basis. The applauses bestowed upon them restoration of the old order of things on were intended as much to reprobate the the continent. Now, Sir, has not this conduct of him whom fate had overthrown, Gustavus a much greater right to claim

"indemnity" than any of them? And as in approbation of those who liad been the secondary agents of his ruin. would it not do more credit to the charac

ter of the Russian Autocrat, to set the We gave credit for their professions; we anticipated a generous and most magna

crown of Poland upon the head of Gusnimous policy from the Liberator Alex- tavus, than to pocket it himself, or give ander, and Frederick, the wise and the it to his brother? It was my intention sedate. It is now said, however, by

to have seriously canvassed the claims of the Courier, the Times

, 'and almost ail Russia to Poland ; but, really, Sir, it would our Newspapers, that a little Bona

be paying them a compliment which they partcan leaven is mixed, even in the bat the principles that have no foundation

do not deserve. Reason need not comcomposition of these legitimate Kings. but power--no right but force. JUVENIS, There appears, say these journals, to be a singular assimulation to the politi

Puelic REJOICING. cal system of the recent Ruler of France in all the proceedings of the Congress. Mr. COBBETT.-The public who so Their ideas of regal justice seem not greedily rejoiced, and feasted, and illuvery distant from the policy of usurpa- minated, and were beyond measure elated tion. Aggrandisement is the word with at the downfall of Buonaparte, as an event

, all of them. They seem almost inclined that could not fail to do for England all to dispute the climax of injustice with their hearts could desire; in which, by Napoleon, and to pay as little regard as the by, they now begin to see they were himself to the rights of their inferiors. mistaken,) that public having suffered the His ar dacity, they add, is wanting ; but late happy peace with America, which I his rapacity is not left far behind. I have consider to be far more beneficial to often heard it remarked, that the views the true interests of our country and the of Buonaparte completely identified him world, to pass by without any illumination, with the legitimate and hereditary sore or other more rational mode of expressing je gns of the day. He was as fond of their joy, I, who am sorry for the omisgoverning imperiously, as careless of the sion, have considered what it would have rights and welfare of his subjects, and cost me to illuminate on that occasion, the rights of his neighbours, as if his an- and determined to devote that sum as far. festors had sat for centuries on thrones, as it will go, to the purchase of your and the sceptre had descended to him valuable Register. By so doing, I shall from some ancient roliber, instcad of li: - materially gratify myself, pay the debt of ving been forcibly grasped by the ruderratitude to those principles, wlose aiin hands of a inodern one. Aud it seems it has always been to bring about that

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peace, and as far as humble efforts go, to contribute to their spread and encourage- No. 1.---Copy of a Letter from Messrs. Adans, ment. I shall also shew my admiration

* Bayard, Clay, Russell, and Gallatin, to the Secreof the writer, whom I consider to be the

jary of State,.dated Ghent, Oct. 95, 1814. only one I know, that has set the matter of America in its true light; and whom

SIR ---We have the honour of transmitting hereI respect, (as far as I'know, which is only

with, copies of all our correspondence with the 'by Iris Register, as a sound patriot, clear British Plenipotentiaries, since the departure of Mr. writer, and an honest man. If

Dallas, Although the negociation has not terto publish this in your Register, perhaps minuted so abruptly as we expected at that period it might induce others to do the same, or that it would, we have no reason to retract the opin something like it; and it is an opportunity nion which we then expressed, that no hopes of for the friends of freedom, to encourage peace as likely to result from it, could be enterher cause, without any extra expence to inined. It is true, that the terris which the Britis, themselves. For few, or none, of the Guvernment had so perenipwrily prescribed at that friends of peace, I presume, (save those

ritise, have been apparently abandoned, and that who abstain from principle,) would have the sine qua non then required as a preliminary declined to light up, if it had been gene- 1 10 all discussion upon other topics, has been sprally the case. I speak more particularly, duced w an article securing merely an Indian på to the inhabitants of towns. Those in

cification, which we have agreed to accept, subject the country, who would have spent niowey

to the ratification or rej-ction of our Government. on the occasion, in other ways, but did

you will perceive that our request for the exnot, because they had not the opportunity, change of a projet ut a Treaty has been eluded. may also adopt the same plan. I embrace and iliat in their last note, the British Plenipotenthis occasion, Sir, to thank you for your diaries have udvaliced a demand not only new and past efforts, for your country's good, Go inadmissible, but totally incompatible with their

. on, I entreat you, in the useful work you uniform previous declarations, that Great Britain have so long, and so admirably conducted. bad 110 view in this negociation to any acquisition The time is coming, I hope, when your of territory. It will be perceived that this new Lalaours will be justly appreciated, and produce good fruit. War having

pretension was brouglit forward immediately after corruption has lost half its food. Thre".

counts tot been tesisat a sitish Ore cessity of strict econoniy, and the

possession of alt 1. iDe Slate

01 Alassachusetts, situate East of Pertatio iker. effects of extravagant expenditure, and the chimerical ideas we have entertained,

The British Plenipotentiaries have iurariably re

ferred 117 11.eir Government every note received will occasion relection, and that must shew us the true causes of the mischief

, from us, and waited the return of their messenger and dispose the whole conimunity to ad- before they have transmitted to us their answer; mire, and imitate those principles wiel and the whole teuor of the correspondence, as well

is the manner in wliich it has been conducted on would have prevented it; and to follow

of the British Government, have concurred which affords now the best chance of re

to convince :s, that their obj. ct tras been delay; storation to that happy state we were

Their motives for this policy we presunie to have once in. Heartily wishing this consummation, I am your admirer and well- been, to keep the alternative of peace or a protracted

war in their own hands, until a general ariangewisher,

W, W.

ment of European atrairs should be accomplished STATE PAPERS.

at the Congress of Vienna, and until they could avail themselves of the advantages, which they have

anticipated - troin the succe:s of their arms, during Message to the Senate and House of Re the present campaign in America. Although the

presentatives of the United Slaies. Suvereigns who had determined to be present at I transmit, for the information of Congress, the

the Congress of Vienna have been already several

wecks assembled there, it does not appear by the communications last received from the Ministers

last advices from that place that the Congress has Extraurdinary and I'lenipoientiary of the United

been formally opened. On the contrary, by & States of Glunt, explaining the course and actual state of their negociation with the Plenipotentiaries

declaration isom the of the Pow. of Great Britain.

its, who were parties to che peace of Paris of 301 JAMES MADISON.

May last, the opening of the Congress appeare Dec 1, 1914.

io have been postponed to the first of November

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