Page images
PDF
EPUB

A memorial is said to liave been presented by the vernment of the United States, a more satisfactory French Ambassador Talleyrand, in which it is de- proof of the conciliatory spirit of his Majesty's clared, that France having returned to her boun- Government cannot be given, than by not requiring daries in 1792, can recognize none of the aggran- any stipulation on thuse subjects, which, though disements of the other great Powers of Europe. most important in themselves, un longer, in consesince that period, although not intending to oppose quence of the maritime pacification of Europe, them by war. These circumstances indicate that produce the same practical results. On the subthe new basis for the political system of Europe, ject of the Fisheries, the undersigued expressed will not be so specdily settled as had been expected, with so much frankness, at the couference already The principle thus assuned by France is very ex- referred to, the views of their Government, that tensive in its effects, and opens a field for negocia- they consider any further observations on that topic tion much wider than had been anticipated. We as unnecessary at the present tiipe. On the questhink it does not promise an aspect of immediate tion of the boundary between the dominions of his tranquillity 10 this Contineul, and that it will dis- Majesty and those of the United States, the underconcert particularly the incasures which Great Bri- signed are led to expect from the discussion which tain has been taking with regard to the future desti- this subject has already undergone, that the North nation of this country, among others, and to which Western boundary, from the Lake of the Woods to she has attached apparently niuch importance. the Mississipip (the intended arrangeinent of 1803) We have the honour to bc, with great respect, Sir, will be adınitted without objection. In regard your very humble servants, Joun Quincy Adams, to other boundaries, the American PlenipotenJ. A. BAYARD, H. CLAY, Jona. RUSSELL, tiaries, in their note of August 24, appeared in some ALBERT GALLATIN.

measure, to object to the propositions then made by the undersigned, as nut being on the basis of

uti possidetis. The undersigned are willing to No. IX.-NOTE from the British to the American Ministers.-October 21, 1814.

treat on that basis, subject to such modification

mutual convenience may be found to require; The undersigned have had the lionour of receiving and they trust that the Araerican Plenipotentiaries le note of the 1914 ican Plenipotentiaries, of the will shew, by their ready acceptance of this basis, 1 the instani, cu maicaling the acceptance of their that they duly appreciate the moderation of his article, which the "adersigned had prepared on the Majesty's Government in so far consulting the honor subject of the pecification and rights of the Indian and fair pretensions of the United States, us in the Nazivna, lhe wwersigned are happy in being relatíve situation of the two countries, to authorise 1.** relieved from the necessity of recurring to

such a proposition. The undersigned avail theinseveral topics, which though they arose in the selves of this opportunity to renew to the American coure of their discussions, have only an incidental Plenipotentiaries the assurance of their high conconrerica with the differences remaining to be sideration. (Signed) GAMBIER, HENRY GOUL adjusted beineen the iwo countries. With a view

BORN, WILLIAM ADAM. 10 this actiustüent, the undersigned preferring, in the present state of the negotiation, a general state- No. x..--NOTE from the American to the Briment to the formal arrangement of articles, are

tish Ministers.---Oct. 24, 1814. willing so far to comply with the request of the American Plenipotentiaries, contained in their lası The undersigned have the honour to acknowledge note, as to waive the advantage to which they think the receipt of the Note of the British Plenipotenthey were fairly entitled, ot' requiring from thiem tiaries of the 21st instant. Amongst the general the first projet of a treaty. The undersigned hav- observations which the undersigned, in their Note ving stated at the first conference the points, upon of the 24th August, made on the propositions then which his Majesty's Government considered the brought forward on tlie part of the British Govern. discussions between the two countries as likely to ment, they reinarked that those propositions were turn, cannot better satisfy the request of the founded neither on the basis of uti possidetis, nor American Pler:ipotentiaries than by referring them ou that ot' status ante bellum. But so far were they to that conference for a statement of the points, from suggesting the uti possidetis as the basis ou which in the opinion of his Majesty's Government, which they were disposed to treat, that in the same yet remain to be adjusted. With respect to the Note they expressly stated that they had been forcible seizure of marines from on board merchant instructed to conclude a peace on the principle vessels on the high seas, and the right of the of both parties restoring whatever territory they King of Great Britain to the allegiance of all his might have taken. The undersigned also declared, native subjects, and with respeci to the maritime in that Nore, that they had vo authority to cede rights of the British Empire, the undersigned con- any part of the territory of the United States, and ceive, that after the pretensions asserted by the Go- that to no stipulatiou to that effect would they sube

T 1

to

enter

scribe ; and in the Note of the 9th September, after ceived. We have the honour to be, with perfect having shewn that the basis of uti possidetis, such respect, your obedient servants, .John QUINCY as it was known to exist at the commencement of ADAMS, J. A. BAYARD, H. CLAY, Jona, Rusa the negociation, gave no claim to his Britannic SELL; A. GALLATIN. Majesty to cessions of territory founded upon the right of conquest ; they added, that even if the No. XII.---NOTE from the British to the Amechances of war should give to the British arms

rican Ministers. October 31, 1814. a momentary possession of other parts of the terri

The undersigned have the honour to acknowledge tory of the United States, such events would not

the receipt of the note addressed to them by the aller their views with regard to the terms of peace American Plenipotentiaries on the 24th instant, in to which they would give their consent.

The un dersigned can now only repeat those declarations, which they object to the basis of uti. possidetis pro

posed by the undersigned, as that on which they and decline treating upon the basis of uti possidetis, or upon any other principle involving a cession of are willing to treat in regard io part of the boundaany part of the territory of the United States. As ries between the dominions of his DInjesty and those

of the United States. The American Plenipotentias they have uniformly stated, they can treat only upon ries in their note of the 13th instant, sequested the the principles of a mutual restoration of whatever undersigned to communicate to them the projet of territory may have been taken by either party.

a treaty, embracing all the points insisted on by From this principle they cannot recede; and the

Great Britain, engaging on their part to deliver undersigned, after the repeated declarations of the

immediately after a contra projet as to all the British Plenipotentiaries, that Great Britain had articles to which they might not agree, and as to all no view to acquisition of territory in this negocia- the subjects deemed material by the United States, Lion, deem it necessary to add, that the utility of and omitted in the projet, of the undersigned. The its continuance depends on their adherence to this

undersigned were according's instructed to waive principle. The undersigned having declared in the question of etiquette, and the advantage which their Note of the 21st of August, that

might result from receiving the first conmunication, although instructed and prepared

and considing in the engagement of the American into an amicable discussion of all the points

, Plenipotentiàries, communicuted in their notes of on which differences or uncertainty had existed, the 21st instant, all the points upon which they are and which might liereafter tend to interrupt. the instructed to insist. The American Plenipotentiaharmony of the two countries, they would not make ries, have objected to one essential part of the prun me conclusion of the peace at att depent upon a successful result of the discussion ; and having since jet thus communicated, but before the undersigned

can enter into the discussion of this objection, they agreed to the preliminary article proposed by the

ruust require from the American Plenipotentiaries British Government, had believed that the negotia- that, pursuant to their' engagement, tlicy.will delition, already so long protracted, could not be brought

ver a contra-projet containing all their objections to an early conclusion otherwise than by the comi

to the points submitted by the undersigned, togemunication of a projet, embracing all the other ther with a statement of such further points as the specific propositions which Great Britain intended Goveriment of the United States consider to be to offer. They repeat their request in that respect, material

. The undersigned are authorised 10 slate and will have no objection to a simultaneous ex

distinctly, that the article as to the pacification change of the projets of both parties.

This course

and rights of the Indian nations having been acceptwill bring fairly into discussion the other topics ed, they have brought forward their note of the embraced in the last note of the British Plenipoten- 21st instant, all the propositions they have to offer. tiaries, to which the undersigned have thought it Thiey have no further in demands to inake, no other unnecessary to advert at the present time.

The undersigned renew 10 the British Plenipotentiaries and they are empowered to sign a Treaty of Peace

stipulations on which they are instructed to insist, {be assurance of their high consideration. (Signed) forth with in conformity with those stated in their

Joun Quiner Adams, James A. BAYARD, | former note. The undersigned trust, therefore, HENRY CLAY, JonathAN RUSSELL, A. GAL

That the American Plenipotentiaries will no longer

hesitate to bring forward, in form of articles or No. XI.-.-Copy of a Letter from the American sitions upon which they are empowered to sign a

otherwise as they may prefer, those specific propoCommissioners to the Secretary of State, dated Treaty of Peace between the two conntries. The Ghent, October 31, 1814.

undersigned avail theinselves of the present opportua SIR ---The detention of the Chauncey at Ostend, nity to renew to the Plenipotentiaries of the United enables us to send the inclosed Note from the States the assurance of their high consideration, British 'Plenipotentiaries, which we have just re- (Signed} GAMBIER, H. Guulernn, WM. ADAM,

LATIN.

[ocr errors]

1

Capt. Blakeley's official Account.

: cmpelled to forego the satisfaction of ****str

mi prize. Our braces having been. Copy of a Letter from JOHNSON BLARELTY, Esq.

'll fiat, we kept off the wind until others could Corunander of the United States sloop of war the killer med rith the expectation of drawing the Wasp, to the Secretary of the Navy, dated and imin im his companions, but in the last United States: Ship Wasp, September 11, 1814,

we were disappointed. The second brig continued

to apprjach us until she came close to our stern, lat. 40. N. long. 16. Il'.

when she hauler! by the sind, fised her brot SIA ,---After a protracted and tedious stay at

which cut cur ning and wi! wisnuters bor, L'Orient, I liad at last the pleasure of leaving that shot asus a low? bain 6054 izas, ipot parce place on Saturday the 27th August. On the 30th her steps to join er eenwort, weli .2 ker biene captured the British brig Letrice,"Heiry Cockbain, siiated

abuuton the prird; ha apsteo! naster, and 31st August the British brig Bon

every aspect

& total rek, 10 Accord, Adam Durny, master. In the morning of some time firing guns of distress, until probably the 1st September discovered a convoy of ten sail delivered by the two last vessels who made their to leeward, in chiarge of the Armada, 74, and a

appearance. The second brig could have engaged bomb ship; stood for them, and succeeded in cit.

us if he had thought proper, as he neared us ting out the British brig Mary, John D. Alleit, mas

fast, but contented hiruseif with fining a broadside, ter, laden with brass cannot taken from the Spa and imniediately - returned io his companions. niards, iron cannon and military stores, from Gibral. It is with real satisfaction I have again the pleasure far to England, removed the prisoners, set her on

of bearing testiinong to the merits of Lieutenant fire, and endeavoured to capture another of the Reilly, Tillinghurst, Barry, and sailing-inaster Cars: couroy, but was chased o ti' by the Armada. On and to the good conduct of every officer and man the evening of the same day, at half-past six,

on board the Wasp. Their divisions and departwhile going tree, discovered four vessels nearly at

ments were attended and supplied with the utmost the same time, two on the slarboard, and two on regulasty and abundance, which, with the good the larboard bow, hanled up for the one most on the order maintained, together, with the vivacity and starboard box, being tarifest to windward. At precision of their fire, reflects on them the greatest seven the chace (il brig) commenced making sig. credit. Our loss is two killed and one slightly nals with flags, which couli not be distinguisied wounded with a wad. The hull reccived four round por want of light, and patier wade various ones

siut, ayd llie foremast many grape sliot. Our rigwith lugterns, rockets and guns. At 6 sinutes ging and sails suffered a great deal. Evety damage ailer nine, having the chrase under our lee bow, the

was repaired the day after, with the exception of 12 pound carronade was directed to be fired into

our sails. Of the vessel with whom we were engihiin, which he returned; tan under his lee w pre-ged, nothing positive can be suid, with regard to vent bis escaping, and at nine minutes after nine hier omne or force. Wiile hailing him previous to commenced the action. At 10 o'direk believing his being fired into, it was blowing fresh (and then the enensy to be silenced, orders were given to going ten knots) and the name was not distinctly cease firing, when I hailed and asked if he had understood. or her force, the four shot which surrendereil. No answer being given to this and struck os are all thirty-two lbs, in weight, being nis tre having reconinenced, it was again returned.

a pound and three quarters heavier than any we had At 12 minutes after 10, the enerny having sourite rend betonging to our vessel. From this circumstance, greatls and having made no returi. to our two luist

the anınber of men in her tops, her general appearbroadsides, I hailed him the second time, to know

ance and great length, she is beliered to one of if le bad surrendered, when he answered in the the largest briys in the British navy-I have the. affirmative. The guys were then ortlereu 10 be

honous, &c. &c. secured, and the boat lowered to iaht possession.

J. BLAKELEY. In die act of lowering the bout a second brig was discovered a little distance a-stern and standing for P. S. I am told the enenig, after his surrender, us. Sent the crew 10 their quarters, prepared asked for assistance, and said he was siuking. The every thing for another action, and awaited his pro'sability of this is confirmed by his firing signalcoming ap; at 36 minutes after 10, discovered two guras for some time after luis capture. The action tuore sail a-steris standing, towurds us. I now took place in lat. 47. 30. N. long. 11 W.

*G, Houston: No. 192, Sirind ; where all Communications addressed to the

Editor are requested to be forwarded.

VOL. XXVII. No. 5.)

LONDON, SATURDAY, FEB. 4, 1815.

[Price 1s.

129]

(130 HAMPSHIRE MEETING." that it first reached the High Sherif,

notwithstanding that, in all other cases, Property Tax. ------ Trick of the London an application to the former is looked Press.

upon, and, in law, is an application to HAVING taken a part personally at this the latter. meeting in my own county, it was not These circumstances would have been my intention to have made its proceed- almost'unworthy of notice, if they had ings a subject of observation in print, not had an effect upon the proceedings because it seems rather unfair to avail of the day; but, as will be seen presentmyself of an advantage, not possessed ly, they had a very material effect upon by those gentlemen, from whom I had those proceedings, and tended to shew, the misfortune to differ in opinion. But, in no very amiable light, the character I am compelled to do this, on the present and real views of the party, by whom occasion, in my own defence, seeing that the second Requisition was urged forthe London daily news-papers have ward. For my part, I signed neither of wholly misrepresented the proceedings; the Requisitions, and, until my arrival at have garbled every thing that they have Winchester, had had no communication tonched; have suppressed the Petition with any one upon the subject. I had which I moved; have exhibited me as determined upon the course to pursue, guilty of the most glaring inconsistency, and left co-operation to chance, beand as having behaved in a disorderly ing ten thousand times more anxious to

or trust, therefore, be excused for giving the rights and liberties of my country, an account of the Proceedings, through than to relieve myself from the Property the only channel that I have access to, Tax, and all the other taxes put togeespecially as the discussion embraced ther! some great political principles, in which About eleven o'clock, that is to say about the nation are, of course, deeply inter- an hour before the Meeting took place, some ested. When I have given an account of gentlemen joined me at the inn where I the Proceedings, I will give an account was. Sometime after this, I drew up a of the Trick of the London daily Press, petition to offer to the Meeting, in case and endeavour to open the eyes of the the one to be presented by the Whigs, public to the true character of that ve- should not be such as I approved of. So aal instrument of all that is hypocritical far was I from having time to copy the and corrupt.

paper, I was drying the ink at the fire, Before we come to the Meeting itself, when word was brought us, that the we ought to notice the previous steps. A Meeting was begun. Cramming the paRequisition to the Sheriff, signed by 53 per into my pocket, without reading it gentlemen, was left with the Deputy even once over, I hastened to the Castle, Sheriff at Winchester. These gentlemen and entered the Court-house in the midwere, principally, land-owners as well as dle of a speech of Mr. PortALL, who, farmers, but none of them distinguished I learnt, had opened the business of the as belonging to either of the Parties, as day. The fairest way for me to act as to they are usually termed. After this Re- this Speech, is to insert the report of it quisition was set on foot, another was put as I find it in the Times newspaper of the in circulation by, what is, ludicrously 25th of January. The speech was an enough, called the Whigs; and, though hour long ; but, really, the reporter has the former petition was first in the hands had the ability to bring into about ten of the Deputy Sheriff, the Meeting was minutes compass all the material points called upon ihe latter, on the ground, of it. The Speech was delivered with

E

great clearness and eloquence; but, ge- " who by their mental energy, and bodily nerally speaking, there was nothing new health, were just in a condition to. in it, which the report here inserted does "maintain their families, and from whom not contain:

much of the fruits of their industry • Mr. PORTALL

came forward to was torn by the operation of this tax. move for a petition to be presented to “What could be more unjust, than that “ the House of Commons, against the “such men should be obliged to pay the “ revival of this tax. He, as being a same tax for an income so acquired, as “ Commissioner for collecting this tax, if their income had been the regular “ had many opportunities of consider- " produce of large sums invested in the

ing the machinery of it, and witness- funds ? This was not like the other ing its unavoidable oppression : on this taxes which were paid indirectly or

account, he did not hesitate to put collaterally. It was a tar on the thing “ himself forward on this occasion, al- itself. If he had ten guineas on his ta

though there were many present of's ble, the tar-gatherer took one of them, superior weight and property in the "This appeared in its principle to be county. He should begin by entirely "something of a highwayman's-tar. ' It disclaiming all party motives, and was extorted, not by the means of a therefore he should not consider who pistol, but by the surcharges and surwas the man who first proposed the veyors.

The

surveyor administered to tax, or who it was that increased it. If " the party the oath of purgation, and " he felt any confidence that this niost" then the inquisition followed. This “ obnoxious tax would be suffered to die “ tax went to destroy all confidence be

away of itself at the period which the “ tween man and man. No man dared “ legislature had marked out for its de " to speak of his circumstances, for fear

cease, he should not have thought it " of being exposed to the surveyor. In necessary to disturb its expiring mo- " this country there were men who would ments. Ministers had, however, both“ not be afraid to take a lion by the by their demeanour and their language “ beard, but who trembled before the

in the House, as well as out of it, by surreyor, who is, in fact, the greatest " their refusing to answer questions, and bug-bear in the land, It might be

by their sending private letters to their “ asked, how came it that such a tax “ friends whom they supposed to have “ was ever suffered ? It was because it

considerable local interest, shewed was then stated that the enemy was at pretty clearly to the country, that it our doors, and that every thing which was their intention to propose the re

valued was at stake. Under such “ newal of the tax. If this tax was real- “ circuinstanees, the country was not

• ly as good in itself as any other tax by "very particular in enquiring into the " which the necessary supplies were to

which were proposed for our “ be raised, he should not have such safety. The Legislature had expressly

great objections to it. He “ stated those circunstances in the first

convinced, however, that this tax which act, the 30th of the King, and men* professed to be equal and impartial, “ tioned in the preamble, " that the

was in fact the most unequal and the safety of his Majesty's Crown, the sk“most partial. It was said to be a tax"curity of our holy religion, our laws,

upon profits, and yet no deduction was lives, and properties, were at hazard.” made on account of the uecessary ex

“ If Ministers now wished to renew the pense of repairs. Was the expense tax, it would be for them to stiew that " that a 'landlord or farmer was obliged " the saine circumstances now exist. The “ to incur for keeping the premises in re- "Legislature had always shewn the

pair, to be called their profits? Were greatest anxiety about the time in which " the three-fourths of the tax upon land the act was to expire; and after fixing “ which the farmers are obliged to pay " that time in all their acts, they added “ to be called a tax upon their profits? " and "no longer.” The period at which When a lease was taken for 21 years, “ its expiration was fixed, was the 6th subject to a heavy fine on the renewal, “.of April, after the conclusion of the no deduction uus made on account of war then existing. If ever there was this fine. The case was still harder " a pledge given by the Legislature to the

with professicnal men and tradesmen, country, that a tax should expire at a

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

means

66

was

« PreviousContinue »