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tibility with the assurances in Lord Castlereagh's the United States, been the declared object of their
letter to the American Secretary of State, proposing Government. From the commencement of the war
this negociation, and with the solemn assurances of to the present tine, the American Governiuent
the British Plenipotenuaries theneselves, to the has been always willing to make peace, without
undersigned at their first conferences with them. obtaining any cession of territory, and on the solei
The undersigned, in reference to an observation of condition that the maritime questions might be sa-
. the British Plenipotentiaries, must be allowed to listuciurily arranged. Such was their disposition

say, that the cbjects which the Government of the in the month of July, 1812, when they instructed
United States liad in view, have not been withbeld. Mr. Russell to make the proposal of an armistice;
The subjects considered is suitable for discussion in the month of October of the same year, when
were fairly brought forward in conferences of the Mr. Monroe answered Adiciral Warren's proposals
9ih ult. and the terms on which the United States to the same eilect; in April, 1813, when instruc-
were willing to conclude the peace, were tranhly tions were given to threc of the undersigned, then
and expressly declared in the Note of the ander- appointed 10 treat of peace, under the mediation of
signed, dated the 241h ulinu). It had been conti-Russia; and in January, 1814, when the instruce
denly hoped that the nature of those terms, so

tions under which the undersigned are now a ling, evidently framed in a sincere spirit of conciliation, were prepared. would have induced Great Britain to adopt then

The proposition of the British Plenipotentiaries as the basis of a treaty: and it is with deep regret is, ibat in order to secure the frontiers of Canala thal the undersigned, if they have rightly under against attack, the United States should leave their stood the meaning of the last Note of the British

own without defence; and it seems to be forPlenipotentiaries, perceive that they still insist on gotien, that if their superior population, and the the exclusive military possession of the Lakes, and proximity of their resources give them any advadion a permanent boundary and independent territory lage in ibat quarter, it is balanced by the great diffor the Indians residing within the dominions of the ference between the inilitary establishinents of the United States. The tirst demand is grounded on the

tivus. No sudden invasion of Canada by supposition, that the American Government has the United States could be made, without leaving manifested, by its proceedings towards Spani, by the

on their dilantic shures, and on the ocean exposed acquisition of Louisiana, by purchase of Indian

to the great superiority of the British force, a mass lands, and by an avowel intention of permanently of American property far more valuable than Caannexing the Canadas to the United States, a spirit nada. In her relative superior force to that of ofaggrandisement and conquest, which justifies the the United States in every other quarter, Great demands of extraordinary sacrifices from them, to

Britain may find a pledge much more efficacious provide for the security of the British Possessions for the safety of a single vulne able point, than in America. In the observations which the under- in stipulations ruinous to the interests and degradsigned felt it their duty to make on the new de- ing to the lionour of America. The best security mands of the British Government, they confined

for the possessions of both countries will, however, their animadversions to the nature of the demands be found in an equal and solid peace; in a mutual themselves; they did not seek for illustratiuns of respect for the rights of each other, and in the cultithe policy o1"Great Britain in her conduct, in various vation of a friendly understanding between them. quarters of the globe, iowards other nations, for she If there be any source of jealousy in relation to was not accountable to the United States. Yet the Canada itself, it will be found to exist solely in undersigned will say, that their Government lias

the undue interference of traders and agents, which ever been ready 10 arrange in the most an.icable may be easily removed by proper restraints. The manner with Spain), the questions respecting the only American forts on the Lakes known to have boundaries of Louisiana and Floridas, and iliat of been at the commencement of the negociation held indemnities acknowledged by Spain due to American by British force are Michillimackinac and Niagara. citizens. Ilow the peaceable acquisition of Loui

As the United States were, at the same time, in siana, or the purchase of lands within the acknow- possession of Amherstburg and the adjacent coypledged territory of the United States, both made trg, it is not perceived that the mere occupation by tair and voluntary treaties for satisfactory equi- of those two forts could give any claim to his Brivalents, can be ascribed to a spirit of conquest dana

tannic Majesty tolarge cessions of territory, founded gerous to their neighbours, the undersigned are alto

upon the right of cuaquest; and the undersigned gether at a loys to understand. Nor has the conquest of Canada, and its permanent annexation 10

(To be continued.)

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Printed and Publishicd hy G. HOUSTON: No. 192, Strand ; where all Coundunications addressed to the

Editor are requested to be forwarded.


so many men in our jails for writing li-l favour of this law, tell us, or, rather, telt bels; while I recollect that so many Gen- the Parliament, that our farmers cannot tlemen were sent from Scotland to Botany sell so cheap as those who pay no tythes, Bay, on the charge of attempting a revo- poor-rates, and, comparatively, very lution in our Government; and, while I little in taxes of any sort. What is this hear no word from Mr. WHITBREAD in but attacking tythes, one of the most their behalf, that gentleman must excuse ancient and venerable institutiops, in the me, if I am very little moved by his elo- whole world! and these are Bulwarke quence, great as it is, in behalf of these men, too, who petition in these terms ! Spaniards. There is a Mr. LOVELL,who In France they have not been able to has been in our jail of Newgate about restore tythes; or, in your language, to four years and a half. His offences deliver the country from the want of were, copying a short paragraph from a tythes. They have not been able to restore country paper relative to the operation of the gabelles, the corvées, the feudał the PROPERTY Tax, and publishing courts, laws and rights, nor have they another paragraph, or letter, relative to yet seen a Monk in France since the the conduct of the Transport Board to-days of Brissot. They have put up the wards French prisoners of war. He Bourbons; but, they have not put down might be in error in both instances ; but, the code Napoleon.-At the same time his affidavits shewed, that he was the I am reminded of an occurrence that will author of neither publication; that he give you both pleasure and pain: I mean copied one, inadvertently, from a country the attempt to assassinate Napoleon by newspaper, and that he did not examine the hand of some hired villain. It will the other with sufficient care. He was give you pleasure that a villain has been sentenced to eighteen months imprison- found to attempt the deed, and pain to ment for each, and was fined besides; know that it has not succeeded. Your and he is now in jail, where lie has been manifesto lias excited a great deal of for a year and a hall

, wanting ability to anger in our Bulwer's newspapers, one of y distings Mi *;USTOx is sutiering which observes, that it was Hoped and ma) years impulsoumeni mind fine for a C!.?) tid, tiar mo Tieriford Livia

susrs book on religion. Away, then, will ile :*** uld have declared a sparation of the complaints of Don Carrea and Don Puig- unitn ut unce.” On the other land, you blanc and all the Dons in the universe, are held in the utmost contempt. You 'till Mr. Lovell and Mr. Houston and had courage to menace, but not enough to others find somebody to feel and to strike.--If any of you were, however, to speak for them. It will vex you very do here what you have actually done. in much to know, that the French revolution. America; that is, to endeavour to overare bas produced remarkably beneficial the King and Parliament, you would be consequences to the country. It is now hanged, have your bowels ripped out acknowledged, and even proclaimed, by and flung in your faces, have your bodies our Bulwark newspapers, that France cut in quarters, and the quarters placed has greatly improved in agriculíure, at the king's disposal. How foolislr during what is called her state of that would make Heuriade men look! disorganization, though we were told

Yours to command, by these same newspapers, and by

WILLIAM COBBETT our insipid and bireling Mr. Walsi, that Napoleon had left none but old

THE BUDGET. men, women, and children to cultivate the land. These poor, feeble creatures This is now a most interesting topic. have got the land into such a fine state, I shall, therefore,insert the Budget-Speech that we are compelled to resort 10 a law at full length, and when I have so done, to protect our farmers against their corn, I shall offer thereon such remarks as apin which article they undersell us in our pear to me likely to be useful. own markets. The truth is, that, in addition to this great improvement in the The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in state of France, the Bulwark war has calling the attention of the Coniniittee to left y a Icad of taxes, which the land the Financial measures of which he had cannot pay without ligt prices. The given notice, stated that the House was petitions, which have been presented in | aware that the Property Tax would est pire on the 5th of April next, and that he believed that the Commissioners emseveral other war taxeş would also ex- ployed in its collection had been actuated pire three months afterwards, in July. by the purest and most patriotic motives. It was an important consideration whe- They were not a set of men appointed ther the renewal of those taxes should and paid by the crown. They were the be contemplated, or the sums necessary same gentlemen to whom the country to pay off the expences of the war shonld was indebted for the preservation of be levied in a different manner. It was peace, and wliose attention and exertions not his intention as he had already stated in the gratuitous dispensation of justice on a former occasion, to propose the re- did them the greatest honour. There newal of the Property Tax; not merely were certainly many provisions in the because tlrat tax was to expire on the Act about to expire, which should not 6th of April next, or the war with Ame- be adopted at a future period without the rica was terminated; for though it was deepest consideration. He could not a war impost, he did not consider the refer to times when liberty was better House precluded from again resorting understood than to those that followed to it, should circumstances render it ex- the revolution.--Yet let the House look pedient. He did not consider that the at the 1st of Queen Anne, second sectransactions of 1806 on this subject tion, chapter fifty-three, enacted at the could bind future Parliaments against renewal of the French war, and they the interest of the country. He did not would find what duties were then imunderstand a compact between the Com- posed. Amongst others, there was one mons at large and Parliament. On this of four shillings in the pound, on pensions subject, wbatever had been stated in the and annuities, and one of five shillings petitions . laid before the House would in the pound, on the produce of profeshave had no effect, had more powerful sions. The Commissioners, or the major considerations, required, the renewal of part of them, were empowered to exathis impost. He recollected having heard mine or inform upon oath, and all traa Right Hon. Gentleman begging pardon ders compelled to give returns, signed by of the House, for the part which he had themselves, of the whole quantity and taken in 1806, in the increase of the Pro- value of their stock in trade. The Comperty Tax. For himself, there was nothing missioners were besides authorised to which he considered with more satisfac- enter their premises at any hour. With tion than the share which he had in main- respect to the Property Tax, whenever taining that impost. He believed that it had been possible to make the assessthe Property Tax had been the means ment without personal injury it had been of rescuing the land from its difficulties, done. The property in tlie funds was of supporting the exertions made in the assessed to its full amount, without any cause of European independence, and difficulty. That in land was also pretty effecting the delivery of nations.-( Hear, clearly ascertained, but that engaged in hear, hear!)-It had saved the country trade was of a less tangible shape, and a funded debt of 303 millions. It had its assessment conld not be very correct. produced in money 150 millions, and If, on the revival of the tax, a new mode saved a capital of unfunded debt of 180 of assessment could be found in that parmillions, and near nine millions of per- ticular branch, it would probably contrimanent taxes. Yet however productive bute to render it more productive. He it had been, and lowever useful it might then alluded to a clause included in the have proved at a time when large sums Act in 1803, for allowing private examiwould be wanted, he did not think proper nations, but which did not fully answer te revive it, but considered it more ex- the end proposed. Having thus entered pedient to preserve it as a resource, in into a defence of the provisions of the case of the future renewal of war, to be Property Tax, to prevent that odium resorted to enly in the greatest emergen- from being left, which had been ex cies, as the firm basis of our public cre- pressed against it, and which it so little dit., (Hear, hear!) He had been told deserved, he would now proceed to state of thc inqnisitorial nature of this tax, and the reasons which induced him to think many complaints. had been uttered in its renewal unadvisable; though in the the House against the vexaions which present year, when large sums would be it was said to occasion. For bis own part, I wanted to liquidate arrears, such a mea


at all

sure might have appeared to many pre-fication, the present system must have ferable to raising a loan, and on account been overthrown, and one more vexaof the advantages which it promised to tious established in its stead. As this yield, perfectly justifiable. At the Peace impost would, therefore, now encounter of Amiens, the Property Tax had been many difficulties in its operation, and pledged to make good a large sum of as it was not the intention of Parliament money, and charged for a period of niue that it should be emploved except as a years. Though its renewal would there war tax, lie thought it was far better fore have heen authorised by present to lay it aside entirely, and to return to circumstances, he had considered that one of those resources which the immense fluctuation of price which times remained open to the country. He had taken place in almost every article was convinced, however, that in point of would have introduced so great a variety riglit, had it been expedient, it would as to make returns extremely difticult. have been excusable to have preserved it The impost would have fallen, besides, for the purpose of diminishing the sum with particular weight on the class of which must be raised by loan. “As to farmers, who would bave found them- the amount of the expenses of the years selves rated far beyond their real property. "until the ratification of peace by AmeThe assessnrent had been calculated on rico should be received, it wouli be ina fair average, but when the fluctuation possible to 'ascertain it correctly. He of prices became excessive, the average could not enter into any details on that could no longer be regarded as just. subject, as its reduction would in some Many ideas had been suggested to con- sort depend on the period at which this tinue that tax during the present year, intelligence should be received. What with various modifications. It might he should now propose would lberefore have been done on three different prin- not be entirely on the footing of peace ciples. By exempting those classes, on expenditure. Large sums of money would whom its operation was considered as be required this year: sims, whicl: likely to produce an unfair pressure, and even the renewal of the Property Tax including all tixed property. But the would not have covered. Biit since it chief giound on which this impost had

was abandoned, the loan must be consibeen cheerfully borne, was, that all were derably larger. In taking an enlarged included in it. When that should no view of our present situation, he would longer be the case, it would appear


not compare it with that of the country Government were encroaching on the when it was involved in ditficulties at the good faith of their crcditors. Another close of the American war, and our pubmode might have been adopted; persons lic credit was really giving way. He might have been charged in a proporti- would oppose it to the most flourishing onate ratio to their incomes; the rich period of our history, that which preceded night have been made to pay much, and the long and extraordinary warfare in the poor, little : but this would have which we had been engaged. been impracticable. The act gave no insight into the whole income of any oge; In the year 1791, the produce of the consolidated it charged every species of property,

Fund was

£13,47 2,000 without enquiring about its proprietor. The charges upon it Any gentleman, for instảnce, might be wlrich being deducted from it, left a sura partner in a banking-house in London, might be one of a commercial partnership To this was to be added, the produce of at Bristol, might hold a share in a ma

Land and War Taxes nufactory at Manchester, and have 100,0001. in the funds (a laugh); for Forming together a total of

4,709,000 every one of these he would be assessed

disposable for the service of the country. separately; he might gain on the one

Our income in the 5th of January last, inand lose on the other, and no one would

cluding the produce of the Consolidated know h's real income. There was no

Fund, amounted to

38,256,000 case in which the whole of a man's re

To this was to be added in War Taxes 2.706,000 was known, unless when he applied for an abaternent to be made. To Forming together a total of revive the Property Tax with this modi- ! Ile charyes upou itis were - 35,420,000


plus of




40,96 2.000

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