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6 cause."

“nected with the ruin of the Christian designated Unbelievers, the hotter, in pro

He then goes on to tell us, portion to numerical strength, would be that “to accomplish the more speedy ruin touod to leave produced the most GOOD “of the Christians, those whose interests MEN. With fervent prayers for the cause " were incompatible with the progress of of Civil and Religious Liberty, I ans, “the Gospel loaded them with nost oppro- Dear Sir, your sincere Friend, “ brious calunnies; and these (adds he) | London, Jan. 1815. ERASMUS PERKINS.

were the only arms they had to oppose " the TRUTH.”

EDIPUS JUDAICUS. How sorry I am, in reading the history of my own church, to find in its infancy

MR. COBBETT,- One of your Corressuch a strong parallel between the beha pondents, who signs himself 'Varro, has viour of the Romans towards the Christians, thought proper to introduce a defence of and the conduct of by far too many pro

Sir Willian Drummond into

your

REGISfessors of our holy religion, in the present TER, of the 14th inst. He has cast sonic day, towards those unfortunate people free expressions on the Rev. G. D'Oyly, whom we stigmatize with the name of Christian Advocate in the University of DEISTS or Theists, because they acknow. Cambridge, who has publicly animadverted ledge but one God, in opposition to us who on the Evipus JUDAICUS, and has inare Tritheists. How many books have we in serted in your Register a rather full exthis countıy wherein these unhappy persons

tract of violent, and, as I think, most unare branded with every odious epithet that just abuse of him, which has been poured the imagination can devise, and charged

forth by some anonymous writer. As I with conspiring against the eternal

conceive the statement which VARRO has

peace and happiness of their fellow creatures, conveyed to you to be extremely unfair, I when we know their works breathe nothing

venture to trouble you with what I conbut the most tabounded philanthropy and ceive to be a far more just and true rebenevolence. The general tenor of their presentation of the matter. I trust to writings approaches much nearer to the your candour to take the earliest opportumildness and charity of our blessed Saviour mity of making this letter public, in com. than the sermons of many of the most pliance with your avowed wish, on every eminent divine3.-Have not philosophers, occasion, of letting both sides of the queswhose labours have been devoted to the im- tion be fairly heard. It is pretty well provement of mankind, whose dispositions known that, two or three years

ago,

Sir have been most amiable, and whose lives William Drummond printed, and privately most exemplary, been held up to the exe- circulated, his book, entitled (Enipus cration of the public as impious wretches, JUDAICUS, in which he endeavonred to unworthy of existence? I grieve for the prove the Bible to contain nothing but injury the cause of Christ has sustained by fable, allegory, and romavce ; and treated those who profess to be his ministers or

it with as profane and blasphemous ribaldry, disciples, descending to such unworthy as bad ever been done by the most inve. measures, and promise, if God is pleased terate of infidels. Although this book was to spare me, and bless me with health and not publicly sold, yet it was clear that the resolution, tn vindicate genuine Christianity author's forbearance did not proceed from from the disgrace it has incurred from tenderness to the Bible, but from his pru. weak and wicked pretenders; but, at the dent regard to his own safety, and his desanie tine, for the honour of my faith, to sire of sheltering himself from animadprove to the world, that an humble fol version ; for he, and others acting for Jower of Jesus is capable of writing " Ar bim, distributed the work at first without impartial, biographical, and critical ac- scruple, whenever they deemed the quar

count of all those persons denominated ter a safe one, and cren took singular

infidels, who have flourished since the pains, in some instances, to extend its cir. birth of our Lord;" a work for which I culation. Thus the book passed into a have been collecting materials during the number of hands, became of public notolast twenty years; and I have little doubt riety, and was,

in instances, the I shall be able to sheir, that if the numbers more eagerly sought for, from the secret of those calling themselves Christians manner of its distribution. Under these could be analysed and compared with those circumstances, what was to be done?

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Was Sir W. Drummond to be allowed unfounded ; but he also shewed, what to taiat the public mind with such matter, seems to have touched the author quite as without a syllable of answer or animad- nearly, that, under an ostentatious display version ? Was the Bible not to be heard of deep erudition, he is one of the most even in its defence? Was this novel method shallow of men ; that he has used terms of discovering truth to be adopted, that without any knowledge of their meaning, one side of the question only should be has heaped blunder upon blunder, comheard, and a complete bar put upon the mitted inaccuracy after inaccuracy, and mouths of all opponents, because the book asserted the boldest falsehoods without the which required an answer was unpublished? slightest excuse ; and that, during all this Was it to become an allowed and esta- time, he has stolen a great part of his mate blished privilege of wealth, to circulate opi- ter from preceding is fidel writers, while nions of every description, no matter how he endeavoured to assume to liimself the poxious to society, in full security from credit of all the learning which he proanimadversion or contradiction, by the sim- daced. Thus Mr. D'Oyly not only deple expedient of writing a book and dis- feated the opposer of revelation, in his tributing it gratuitously? I guess, no man purpose, but stripped the vain jack-daw of in bis senses will maintain so wild a po- his stolen plumes ; and shewed that the sition as this. In the case then of Sir W. imposing appearances of deep trudition, Drummond, what was to be done? It is which the (pipus Judáicus conveyed, true, that he might have been prosecuted in were of the most hollow and fallacious dea court of law for blasphemy; for, there scription. I wish neither you nor any one is no doubt, that, in the contemplation of else to take all this on my assertion, but the law, a book gratuitously circulated, is call upon every one to'enquire for himself, no less a publication than one which is by reading the CEDIPUS JUDAIcus, and sold at the booksellers shops ; and, if this the remarks which have been made upon course had been taken, it is tolerably cer- it. Your correspondent tells you, that tain that this Sieilian Knight, and British three anonymous writers have started up Privy Councillor, would have been raised in defence of the EDPUS JUDAICUS, and to more public notoriety than he had yet have shewn the ignorance and malice of attained, by the pillory. But as you, MIr. the person who wrote against it. These Cobbett, I observe, contend very strenu three anonymous writers, it is pretty well ously against any use of legal prosecutions known, are no other than Sir W. D. towards persons who write against the himself in disguise. They have written, Bible, you must be the last person to it is true, a very hulky volume in professed maintain that such a proceeding ought to defence of the CEDIPUS JUDAICUS, but have been adopted towards Sir W. Drum- have almost entirely substituted railing mond. Thus, then, unless the free license and scurrilous invective for sound argliwas to be granted to him, of saying what ments; and instead of defending Sir W. be pleased against the Bible, unnoticed D.'s blunders, have indicted whole reams and unchastised, it was absolutely neces- of personal abuse against his opponent.-sary that some literary opponent should | An anonymous pamplilet, signed J. R. has enter the lists against him, and examine since appeared, in which it has been most a little the truth of his assertions, and the fully shewn, that, notwithstanding all soundness of his pretensions. Accordingly, which is boldly affirmed by these virulent the clergyman, whose name your corres- writers (of whose mode of argument, by pondent mentions, came forward for that the way, your correspondent gives no very purpose, and addressed, in the first place, unfair specimen), Mr. D'Oyly's charges some letters of remonstrance to the author, and proofs against Sir Wm. Drummond on the nature of his attack on revelation, remain good in every essential part. I and followed these up by an enquiry into must repeat, that I wish not any single the truth, accuracy, and learning which he person to believe what I here affirm, solely displayed. I perceive your correspondent to on my assertion; but as you have thought affirni, that the CEDIPUS JUDAICUS of Sir it right to publish an er-parte statement W.Drummond“displays a fund of prodigious from one correspondent, it seems but fair “ erudition ! ! !" On the contrary, Mr. that you should give equal publicity to the D'Oyly not only shewed, in every point, opinion of another respecting this matter. that his attempts to impeach the truth of

Your's, &c. JUSTUS. the biblical histories were most futile and | Dec. 30, 1914.

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LETTRES DE CACHET.

Signet, lie in the hands of the Ministers, SIR,-Your recent remarks on the un- as well as in those of the Under Governor's handsome and illiberal newspaper abuse of “ of Provinces, to be used at their distrethe people of France, and the measures of " tion, frequently to gratify their own their Government, are fully corroborated vengeance. is an Intendant piqued by the mans er in which the Morning against any man of quality; or a linisChronicle, of last week, adverted to the “ter against a President of Parliament? proceedings against Gencrat Excelmans,“ Such a letter is straight sent to him, and who had been ordered under arrest by the “ be instantly sent from home, sometimes King of France. Of this officer the “ into a remote province. Is the GoChronicle observed, that he had “petition " vernor's Lady, or daughter, disgusted at

' “ed both Chambers for redress, and has “ another lady in the place, finer and more “ stated his willingness to surrender him- “ admired than herself, her punishment is *self the moment a trial is promised him, decreed, and the poor rival sent a wan" and his reasons for withdrawing himself lering; a crime is easily forged, and “ momentarily from the oppression which “ the sufferer has no remedy. The smallest this renewed systein of Lettres de Cachet “affront to a Monk in favour (and Monks, had inflicted

on him."

Either the “ God knows, are scou oilended), finds the writer of this article is entirely ignorant of " same compassion ; a victim must be ofthe nature of Lettres de Cachuet, or le

" ferred to his holy rage." must have been influenced by motives of No one who reads this description of the worst kind; to compare the order given | Lettres de Cachet, will be able to discover in this case to that terrible instrument.-- any resemblance to these in the proceedIn the justly celebrated answer to the ingz against General Excelmans. He was Bourbon proclamation, published in your not put an der arrest to gratify the caprice of REGISTER of the 15th January, I observe any Minister, Deputy Governor, Mistress, some very pertinent remarks on the subject or Klonk. Hie was, in the first instance, of Lettres de Cachet, extracted from Mr. ordered to remove from Paris, by comArthar Young's Survey of France. To mand of the King, for an offence, jeal or these may be added the following more de- supposed, against the State. Had there tailed account by Gordon, an able writer been any intention to revive the Lettres de in the cause of fieedom, whose works were Czchct, the General would have been , published about the beginning of last cen- seized and sent to prison, without any cetury :-" The French Government, thouc! remony, instead of giving bim an oppora mild one for an arbitrary one, is yet a tunity to remove hinself

. But did he very terrible one to an Englishman. All ovey the order of his Sovereign ? On the “ the advantages in it are not comparable contrary, he remonstrated agaiust it, and " to cne single all vantage in onrs : I mean persisted in continuing at Paris. Even “the Act of Habeas Corpus, which se- then, no violence was used, though, if he

çares, at least rescucs, from all wanton bad been previously innocent, his wisobe“ and oppressive imprisonment. In France, dierce might have been converted into “ by the word of a Minister, the greatest, a crime, and he dealt with accordingly, “ the most innocent, subject, may, from

The order to leave Paris was dated caprice, or a whisper, or the pique of a the 10th. On the 14th he had not 5 mistress, be conmitted to a dungeon for gone to his place of destination, which “ his life, or the best part of it, or as long led the Minister to put a guard on bis

as the Minister, or his mistress or nii-honse. In this stage of the business, and “nion pleases. Some have been there shut in place of sending bim to prison, or even

up in dismal durance and solitude for securing his person, the order was renewed,

years together, though no harm was and twenty-four hours allowed him to re“ meant them; not for any ofience real move himself. Still be continued refrac“ or imaginary, but only through mistake tory. It was, therefore, considered expe" and likeness of pames. Thus a Minister dient to place him under arrest; but no at6 has sometimes committed his favorites, tempt baving been made to convey him " and useful agents, who lay in misery fo: l.from his house, an opportunity was thus afyears, and might have perished in it

, had foriled the General to make his escape. « not accident contribute to you ve ich being the well authenticated nature “ bim. Such orders, called Letters of the of the Lettres de Cachet, and such the true

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state of General Excelman's case, as given" riff Court. During the whole expoeven in the Horning Chronicle itself, how“ sure, they were assailed not only with is it possible to acquit the writer in that filth but with stones. The man, who Journal of a base and malicious calumny “ seemed at first to treat liis punishment as against the French Government, when he “ a joke, was particularly aimed at, and denominates its proceedings '" oppression," must have received much bodily hurt.

“ and a “ renewed system of Lettres de The woman, however, did not wholly Cachet .?__ It is not my wish to advocates escape. . From the blood on her

cap,

she the conduct of the present Rulers of France,“ seemed to have been wounded on the or to attach blame to the individual who head. The stones were thrown chiefly, has incurred their displeasure. The charge“ if not entirely, by a party of lads stapreferred by the former may be unfounded. " tioned near the new building erecting on The latter, of course, must be innocent. “ the site of the old gaol. When the hour But it is not necessary that either of these “ was elapsed, the disgraceful business did points should be established, to shew that not terminate. There were those among the proceedings against the General me- the mob who thought the sport far too

“ rited the harsh terms by which they have “ fine to be given up so soon. been described by the Chronicle. In this was, according to their jargon, put

“ land of liberty, where the Habeas Corpus," through the mill.'

. He was cujjed and as Gordon

says, secures, at least rescues, kicked, and knocked down and raised up, “ from all wanton and oppressive impri- " at the pleasure of the by-standers. In “ sonment,” numbers of

persons are neces

“the Candleriggs-street, to which the mob sarily arrested, and even imprisoned, who it " moved, he was thrown into a cart, whose afterwards turns out are entirely innocent. “ driver for some time drove him along, We have each known individuals, for rea-“ humouring the amusement; but, finding sons of State, kept in close custody, with- “ that neither himself nor his horse escaped out any suspension of the Habeas Corpus. " the punishment meant for the old man, he Would we not call that man a knave, or 6 loosed his cart, and tumbled him out on a fool, who would charge our Government

16 the street.

In the course of the fray he with oppression for sanctioning those pro-" was repeatedly raised shoulder-high, and ceedings ? What, then, are we to think " exhibited in his grey-hairs, torn garof the Editor of such a paper as the Morn-"ments, and swollen features, a most pitiing Chronicle, when we see him bringing able spectacle. At length he was rea similar charge against the French Co-" scued by the exertions of the Police, and vernment, who appear to have acted a part“ taken to the office in Albion-street."

56 not more reprehensible than ours ? Is it That scenes, no less savage and barbapossible, as I asked before, to acquit such rous than those described above, have been a man of wanton and deliberate malice ?- exhibited in London, within these few Your's, &c.

JUSTITIA. years, no one will pretend to deny; but January 4, 1815.

that they should exist in Scotland, the seat of learning, where" pure and undefile:

“ religion” has more professors than any THE PILLORY.

where else, and where we ought to look Mr. COBBETT, I should like to be for a more distinguished display of its huinformed why our neighbours the Scotch, mane and benevolent effects; that such a who have been so long celebrated for their spectacle should be witnessed, at this time liberality of sentiment, and so far famed for of day, in such a country, is a phenomenon their hospitality, should have degenerated well deserving the attention of those who so much of late years, as to permit the fol- feel interested in the cultivation of public lowing disgraceful affair, (the account of morals, and in the improvement of our criwhich has appeared in all our newspapers) minal code. I question much, whether in to be transacted

amongst
them:

all Europe, even in “demoralizedFrance “ BRUTAL BEHAVIOUR.–Wednesday, itself, an instance can be produced where " between one and two o'clock, William popular fury has been permitted to disCoil and Elizabeth Roberts, his wife, charge itself with such marks of ferocity, “ stood in the pillory at the cross of. Glas- as in the case of the hoary-beaded wretch

gow, for Wilful Perjury, of which who was given up by the Magistrates of they were lately convicted at the Slie-| Glasgow to be cuffed, kicked, and knocked

m

down, all for the “ amusement of the p" observance.” Much as has been done of pious and hospitable inhabitants of that late towards ameliorating our criminal highly cultivated and enlightened city !!! law, there still remains a vast accumulation

The pillory is evidently a vestige of that of abuse and error, which it will require feudal barbarism which formerly overspread more tban ordinary exertion and talent to Europe ; and although it is not now at- overcome. Those to whom the country is tended, as tben, with the painful infliction already indebted for many excellent reof having the ears nailed to the instrument fornis in our criminal code, will have of disgrace, or the check branded with a much to combat, in the way of prejudice,

, hot iron, it is a punishment that must, in before they can accomplish all they propose. many cases, be worse than the culprit, through a mistakeath, when But as they have already experienced the left to the mercy of an infuriated mob.

may pretty safely calculate, that as long as It would be difficult I think, to point out they continue to keep the object steadily the wisdoin of that law, which leaves the in view, they need be under no apprehendegree of punishment of a criminal to be sions as to the result.-Yours, &c. determined, and inflicted, by the multitude,

BENEVOLUS, who neither know, or are capable of justly appreciating, the oflence with which he is UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. charged. The case of the man at Glasgow Sir,-You will much oblige the writer was no doubt of a very aggravated nature. of the letter which appeared in your last But are all persons condemned to the pil- REGISTER on the subject of the Oxford lory of the same description ? Have we prison, by inserting the following Postscript not had that sentence put in execution for to it :mere matters of opioion ? and can it se- It is true that a room is now fitting up riously be said that any person thus situated in the prison for sick persons, but this ought to be consigned to the hands of a room will not contain more than four beds, set of unprincipled ruffians, to be kicked which is a very inadequate accommodation. and cuffed, as long as they please, for their As the University Officers are at this time amusement ? Why should not the law endcavouring to apprehend all the prostiexplicitly define and apportion the degree tutes who are ill of a certain disease, the of punishment belonging to cach oflence? prison, should the winter be severe, will Why should so glaring a proof of its inef- present a scene of more than usual mificacy he permitted for one moment to sery. The writer will feel himself much exist ? Where our national character is obliged to any resident Member of the so much involved, and the rights of buma- University of Cambridge, who will favou nity so deeply implicated, it surely would him, through the medium of your REGISTER, be 'no disgrace if our legislators would with a full and accurate account of the me exert themselves to get a practice abolish- thod pursued there with respect to these ed, which, on all occasions, would be unfortunate women.

mora honoured in the breach than in the O.xford, Jan, 2, 1315.

Printed and Published by J. MORTON, 84, Strand,

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