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turned to them at twelve o'clock, and, and perhaps ruinous in its conséquences,
told them that they were to be liberated To which may be added, that publicity,
without going before the Vice-Chancellor, in those cases, is extremely unpleasant
upon which thev came down stairs and to females, as it may be the means of
walked home.-An action was brought subjecting their characters, however
in the Court of Kings' Bench against pure, to uncharitable remarks, and ill-
the proctor, pro-proctor, and marshal, natured surmises.
for false imprisonment. The University Oxford, Feb. 18. 1815.
claimed their recognizance of the cause,
which allowed. The plaintiffs,
whose expelices were already to a con-

FREEDOM OF SPEECH. siderable sum, were advised to drop all

Sir, Knowing that you as much despise farther proceedings, as the cause must panegyrie, as I do the panegyrist, it is have been determined in the Vice Chan- not my intention to pass fulsome com cellor's Court, where there is no jury, and pliments, but merely to shew to the where it miglit have been protracted to a

world what happy effects are produced great length of time, and have been atten- by the perseverance of plain truth.-did with much additional expence; not

The fact is, your plain arguments have tii mention this trifiing circumstance, greatly tended to convert an educated that the proctor himself, the very man

man, and an original enemy to your Rewho was one of the defendants, might

gister.-From my intimacy and friendhave sat with the assessor, and his bro- slip with him, i bave constantly sent ther procter, as one of the judges ! Now it him to read. Sometimes he would, and it must be observed that the conduct of sometimes he would not look at it: the proctors was not only unnecessarily Time, the tryer of all things, as your corharsh and severe, but illegal. That this respondent on Religious Persecution was the opinion of the Vice-Chancellor, says, eradicated that rancour, and curimay be inferred from the circumsiance osity prec!ominating, led him occasion of the young women being liberated, ally to look it over, till at last conviction without appearing before liim, who, if got the better of his prejudice, and I am any thing whatever could have been pro- happy to state, that we are now as unitved against them, would not have dis- ed in politics as we are sincere in missed them without reprimand. It friendship. The wonder working effects would have been unjustifiable and illegal, of your uncontaminated reasoning is also even if the young women had been com- proved in your forcing a rebut from Sir mon prostitutes, for they had been guilty J. C. Hippisley, to your animadversions of no ill-behaviour, and the pro-proctor on the abominable Times Newspaper Interposed his authority, at a time of day, report of what you justly censured as an when he had no power of exerting it ex- impropriety in Sir John's (supposed) illicept on matriculated persons. Punish- Leral and ungentlemanly attack on Mr. ment, in this case, if infiicted at all, Madison, the President of the only free should have been inflicted on the gowns- country in the world. I cordially particimen ; but they were allowed to escape pate with you when you say,"you cannot: with impunity. - Instances similar to the “belp wishing that a respectable English above, I have rşason to think, liare fre- gentleman had refrained from the use quently occurred, though the individu-" of a phrase fit to be applied only to als who suffered had no opportunity of

“ the head and members of a government bringing their cases before the public; “ of a very different description.” I could a circunstance that will not be wonder- have wished that you had named the ed at, when it is considered that aggres- government, but I have a pretty good sions of this nature are generally comunit- key to this when I look to your extracts ted against persons who cannot take from a Pamphlet written by Mr. Thorpe, any expensive measures to obtain redress, the Chief Justice of the Colony of Sieras by their own situation or that of their ra Leone, (on the subject of the slave relations and friends, they are more or less trade) to Mr. Wilberforce, a sanctified dependent on the University, and to member of parliament, à suppressor whom any resistance or opposition to of vice; a good old man, who would those members of it who are clothed with , rather die than be deprived of the pleaauthority, might be very detrimental | sure and power of cramming Bibles

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down our throats.-Sir J. C. Hippis- ral position, that it was consistent with the prin. ley, or the Times, may say that they hate ciples of public law, and withi the practice of cithe Americans if they please; that will vilized nations, to include allies in a trealy of do the Americans no harm. I like can- peace, and to provide for their security, never dour; therefore it should be allowed was called in question by the understand: but every one, with the same candour, to they have been denied the right of Gredi borities, speak the truth, Then it might be truly according to those principles and her (Wis said that we live in as free a country as to interfere in any manner with Indian tus" America.—According to the sense our siding within the territories of the United Sates, Big Wigs have given to the word libel as acknowledged by herself, to consider auch tribes (namely the greater the truth the greater as lier allies, or to treat tor them with the libert the libel) Sir J. C. Hippisley was cer- States. They will not repeat llie facts arid arv!! tainly correct when he said, that Mr. ments already brought forward by them in suju Hunt was libelling our own country. port of this position, and which remained unanWe must therefore take it for granted swered. The observations inade by the Britisi that Sir John's admits the truth of Mr. Plenipotentiarics upon the treaty of Grenville, and Hunt's assertion, “ that the Americans their assertion, that the United States now, for the “ are the only remaining free people in first time, deny the absolute independence of the “ the world.” Here I certainly would have Indian tribes, and claim the exclusive riglit ut beer on Sir John's side of the question. purchasing their lands, require, lowever,

-At the same time, I should have made notice. If the United States had now asserteri, it distinctly understood, that it was be liat the Indians within their boundaries, who have cause I considered Mr. Hunt's assertion acknowledged the United Staies as their only to be the truth, call it what you may.

protectors, were their subjects, living only at guia Possibly Sir John thinks gagging a part lerance on their landis, far from being the first of our boasted liberty. But it is my mis- in making that assertion, they would only have filfortune not to consider any country free, lowed the example of the principles uniformly and or enjoying the blessings of nature, that invariably asseried in substance, and frequently is deprived of the liberty of speech. - avowed in express ternis, by the British GovernWhat constitutes genuine freedom ? Is it not the liberty of speaking and speaking colonial charters granted by the British Monarchy,

ment itseif. What was the meaning of all the the truth, the source from which have derived all human blessings?

from that of Virginia, by Elizabeth, 10 that ut

Georgia, by the immediate predecessor of the When, therefore, we punish or censure others for exercising this faculty, we ren

present King, if the Indians were the Sovereigns der it a curse instead of a blessing; we

and proprietors of the lands bestowed by those are, in that case, less benefitted by the charters? What was "thie neaning of that article rights of nature than the brute creation. In the Treaty of Utrecht, by which the Five Natioris

were described in terms as subject to the dominion I am, &c.'W. P. R.

of Great Britain ? or that of the trealy willi tlie

Cherokees, by which it was decfared that the King AMERICAN DOCUMENTS. of Great Britain granted them the privilege to live

where they pleased, if those subjects were indem Continued from page 224,

pendent sovereigns, and if these tenants at the Bay be permitted to add, that even if the chances licence of the British King, were the rightfullords of war should yield to the British arms a momen

of the lands where he granted their permission tary possession of other parts of the territory of to live? What was the meaning of that proclathe United States, such events would not alter their mation of his present Britannic Majesty, issued in views with regard to the terms of peace to which 1763, declaring all purchases of lands 'null and they would give their consent. Without recurring void, unless made by treaties hcid under llie sanction to examples drawn from the Revolutionary Govern- of his Majesty's Governinent, if the Indians had ments of France, or to a more recent and illus- the right to sell their lands to whom they pleased ? trious triumph of fortitude in adversity, they What was the neaning of boundary lines of have been taught by their own history that the oc

American territories, in all the treaties of Great cupation of their principal cities would produce no Britain with other European Powers having Amedespondency, nor induce their submission to the rican possessions, particularly in the treaty of dismemberment of their empire, or to the aban-. 1763, by which she-aequired--from. France the donnuent of any one of the rights which constitute sovereignty and possession of the Canadas-in her a part of #wir national independence. The gene- treaty of peace : will the United States in 1783?-


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nay, wiat is the mae yii vasf the north western boun- with the Treaty of Grenville. These principles have
diny line now propostd by the British Commis:j. been unitorily recognised by the Indians them-
oners themselves, it it is the rightul possession selves, not only by that treaty, but in all the
and sovereignty of independent Indians, of which other previous as well as subsequent treaties between
elose bonaries crispuse? Is it indeed necessary them and the United States.
to ask, whether Great Britain ever has permited, The Treaty oi Grensille neither took from the
or would permit, any foreign nation, or without Indians the right, which they had not, of selling
huo consent, any of' l:er subjects, to acquire lands hands within the jurisdiction of the United States
from the Indians, in tlie territories of the Hudson to foreign Governments or subjects, nor ceded wo
Pay, Company or in Canada? Ini formally pro. them the right of exercising exclusive jurisdiction
testing against this system, it is not against a novel within the boundary line assigned. It was mere.
pretension of the American Government ---it is ly declaratory of the public law, in relation to the
against the most solemn acts of their own sovereigns, parties, founded on principles previously and uni-
against the royal proclamations, charters, and versally recogniserl. It lett to the United States the
treaties of Great Britain for more than two centu- rights of exercising sovereignty and of acquiring
ries, from the first settlement of North America soil, anal bears no analogy to the proposition of
to the present day that the Britisha Plenipoten- | Great Britain which requires the abandonment
tiaries protest. From the rigour of this systein of both. The British Plenipotentiaries state in
however, as practised by Great Britain and all their last Note, that Great Britain is ready to enter
The other European Powers in America, the bus into the sanie engagement with respect to the
wane and liberal policy of the United States bias Indians living within their lines of demarcation,
voluntarily relaxed. A celebrated writer on the as that which is proposed 10.the United States. The
laws of nations, to wliose authority British jurists undersigned will put dwell on the immense inequa-
have taken particular satisfaction in appealing, lily of value between the two territories, which,
after stating, in the most explicit manner, the under such an arrangement, would be assigned, by
legitimacy of colonial seulements in America, the cach nation, l'espectively, to the Indians, and which

exclusion of all rights of uncivilised Indian (ribes, alone would make the reciprocity merely nominal.
has taken occasion to praise the first settlers of New | The condition which would thus be imposed on
Erglaud, and the founder of Pennsylvania, in hav. Great Britain nut to acquire lands in Canada froin
ing purchased of the Indians the lands they re- the Indians, would be productive of no advantage to
sutred to cultivate, nul withstanding their being the United States, and is, therefore, no equivalent
furnished with a charter from their sovereign. "It for the sacrifice required of them. They du not
is this example which the United States, since they consider that it belongs to the United Stares, in any
became by their independence ile sovereigns of respect to interfere with the concerns of Great
the territory, liave adopted and organised into a Britain in her American possessions, or with her
political system. Under that system the Indians re- policy towards the Indians residing there ; and they
siding within the United States, are su far independ cannot consent to any in:erference, on the part of
ent, that idey live under their own customs, and not

Great Britain, with their own concerns, and parunder the laws of the United States; that their ticularly with the Indiaus living within their terrirights upon the lands where they inhabit or hunt tories. It may be the interest of Great Britain to

are secured to them by boundaries defined in ami limit lier settlements in Canada, to their present cable treaties between the United Staies and them- extent, and io leave the country to the west a perselves;

and that whenever those boundaries are fect wilderness, to be for ever inhabited by scattered varied, it is also by amicable and voluntary treaties tribes of bnnters; but it would inflict a vital injury by which they receive from the United States ample on the United States to have a line run through compensation for every right they bave to the lands their territory, beyond which their settlements ceded by them. They are so far dependent as not should for ever be precluded from extending, thereby to have the right to dispose of their lands to any arresting the natural growth of their population private persons, nor 10 any power, other than the and strength; placing the Indians substantially , United States, and to be under their protection by virtue of the proposed guarantee, under the proalone, and not under that of any other power, tection of Great Britain, dooming them to perpetual Whether called subjects, or by whatever nanie barbarism, and leaving an extensive frontier)

for designated, such is the relation between them ever exposed to their savage incursions, and-the United States. That relation is neither asserted now for the first time, nor did it originate

Signed as before.

Printed and Published by G. HOUSTON: No. 192, Strand i wliere all Communications addressed to be

Editor, are requested to be forexardeid,

VOL. XXVII. No. 10.] LONDON, SATURDAY, MARCH 11, 1815. [ Price 1s

289 ]


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smallest, ivas made to inflaine, or to mislead; no atiempt to mark out any par

ticular class for popular resentment; no WILTSHIRE COUNTY-MEETING,

attempt to stir up the labourer to cut the Held at Salisbury, on the 8th of March, throat, or to set tire to the house or barns

of his employer; but, many endeavours 1815.

were used, and it is believed with coin This meeting, which was convened by plete success, to make the vast assemadvertisement, under the authority of blage clearly, understand, that the propotheliigri SHERIFF, was the most numerous sition to make corn dear had grown out ofany that had ever been witnessed in the of the desire to continue to raise år County. The Sheriff opened the proceed- taxes upon the farmer; that this desire had ings in the Council Chamber of the City, I grown out of the immense expenditure but, it being found, that the open air was still intended to be kept up; and that the only proper place to attord a chance this immense expenditure had grown out of hearing to such an immense assembly, of those measures; which would have an adjournment took place to the square been all prevented by a Reform in the in the front of the Council House.-Here, Commons' House of Parliament. It was after the requsition had been read, the explained to the people, that the owners Resolution, and after it the Petition of land and growers of corn would not (which will be found below) were moved gain, in the end, by a Corn Bill, which, by Mr. Hunt and seconded by Mr. in fact, was intended to enable them to Cobbett of Botley, whio having a free- pay war-taxes in time of peace, though hold in Wiltshire was induced to take some of them had been evidently actuated part in a discussion, in which every man by the sellish notion of gaiu to themselves. in the kingdom is interested. -Whatever It was explained to the Meeting, that the might have been the wishes, or the ex- inevitable effect of the Bill would be (o pectations, of the friends of Corruption, enhance and uphold the price of corn ; They were not here gratified by witness- or, in other words, that it would impose ing any attempts to work up the passions a new tax upon the loaf, and that, too, and prejudices of the people into that without any ultimate benefit to the land. fame of violence, whichi, unhappily, has lord or tenant, however some of these burst forth in the metropolis, and which might think the contrary.-In adverting it is the duty of every man to discourage, to the Wiltshire Petition for a Corn Bill

, and to prevent, if he has it in his power. it was observed, that the Petitioners had ---Mr. Hunt gave early proof of his de said, that they had long borne heavy sire to discharge this duty and of the taxes, AND THAT THEY WERE STILL weight which a man may have with the WILLING TO BEAR HEAVY TAXES, people, if he proceed in the right way. provided the Government and Parliament -There were carried into the Council wouid pass a law, the effect of which Chamber, upon the tops of two long should be TO RAISE AND KEEP poles, a large loaf decorated with gay UP THE PRICE OF THEIR CORN. ribbons, and a small loaf arrayed in crepe. That is to say, that so long as they could Mr. Hunt requested, that those loaves have a price, which should be a protec(the sight of which was so well calculation to them against ruin; they did not ted to infiame) should be taken away. care how heavily the loaf was taxed, They instantly were taken away, and never how much money was squandered away, again made their appearance. --To give how large a standing army was kept up any thing like a report of speeches here in time of peace, nor how the liberties will not be attempted. But, it is right to and rights of the people were dealt with, observe, that no attempt, not even the. It was explained to the meeting, that, in


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this the petitioners for a cort Dill were account manuenftar ier, init The th”? Psht, atins contrare, hi

ki biva,!!! to have caueú ivi u reductin of (!

si į tin taxes, without which the immense stand- the House of Lords in the course of ing army could not be kept up in time next week.--The following are copies of of peace; and, being relieved from those ihe Resolutions and Petition. taxes, they might well afford to sell their corui as cheap as any that could be brought from abroad. It was observed

WILTS COUNTY MEETING. to the meeting, that, in consequence of the price of provisions having fallen, it was notorious, that the price of labour had

RESOLUTIONS fallen; that the farmer now, and very justly, paid less to his people than lie Cnanimously agreed to by the most nu. paid before, including his smith, wheel- merous Assemblage ever witnessed in wright, collar-maker, &c. But, that the

the city of New Sarum, on Wednesmeeting should well remark, and bear in mind, that those who are paid by the

day, March 8, 181.3. public still receive undiminished salaries GEORGE EYRE, Esq. Sheriff, in the chair. and allowances; that, during the last twenty years, the allowances to the Roal Family, to the Judges, to the RESOLVED, That political corruption, Police Magistrates, to public Oncers of after having exhausted all the oilier all descriptions, had been greatly ang- sources of taxation, bas, at last, promented upon the espress ground of the (eeded to the outrageois length of atrise in price of provisions; p't, that wou", teiupting to burtlien with a heavy tax, when provisicns liad fallen, and brought the very bread that we eat, being down with them the wages of the la- therennio Tirged and encouraged by bourer, none of these allowances wire the false statements of certain rapalowered; on the contrary war taxes were cious Landowners; that, therefore, to be kept up, for the purpose, in part,

a petition de presented to the House of keeping up those allowances, and, of Lords, praying their Lordships to as these iaxes could not be raised wlule

interpose in betalf of this long insulted, corn was cheap, it was intended to make

and long sullering nation, in such a corn 3r in order to enable the land

manner as to prevent ilie enacting of lord and farmer to pay taxes.


any law, io profilit, or restrain, the was the abhorred measure traced fairly

free imperiation of corn. to its source, and an appeal was made to thie SENSE, and not, as in some other RESOLVEN, Tliat the Sheriff be recases that have occurred, to the NON

quested to sign the petition, and that SENSE, of the people.The conduct

copies of it be sent for signatures to of the High Sheriff was remarkably pro

tie various towns in the county. per. His priyaie opinion appeared to RESOLVED, That when siched, the ShieIcan towards a Corn Bill; but, so im- riff do transmit the jetition to the partial, and, indeed, so alle, was the Earl Stanhope, and request his Lord, manier, in which he couiucted the liu

ship to present the same to the House siness of the day, and so readily did he of Lords. assent to what was manifestly ile unanimous wish of the Meeting, that he re

RESOLVED, That the Sheriff be tired amidst the applauses of all descrip

quested to sign the resolutions, and tions of persons. The conduct of the

to publish them in the Salisbury and

Winchester Journal, and in two LonPeople was equally good. Not a word of violence: uot a word of folly. At

don momming and iwo London evening

Newspapers. night, some boys praraded a thing, stuffed with straw, supposed to represent some RESOLVED, That the thanks of this contemptible friend of thie Corn Bill, Meeting be given io the High Sheriff They hanged and beheadleri this person- of the county, for his readiness in age, opposite Mi. Hunt's lodging; and calling this Meeting, and for his ima there even this fun ended. When this partial conduct in the chair,


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