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VOL. XXVII. No. 2.) LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 14, 1815. [Price ls.

ON THE

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[34 TO MR. JOHN CARTWRIGHT, called the Reformers, " a low and degraded THE IMPLACABLE ENEMY OF TYRANNY.

crew," having amongst them “no honours able distinctions ;” and he expressed his

pleasure, that they were, as he said, fightPeace between England and American

ing on the side of our enemy. They were,

in his eyes, so contemptible, that he was Botley, January 9, 1815. glad we had them for enemies, and espeDEAR Sır,-Before I proceed to the cially, as, in their chastisement, republicanproposed subject of this Letter, I think it ism would be humbled in the dust, if not riglit just to notice, that I have, in address- wholly destroyed. ing you now, omitted the addition of Esq. Such were the sentiments of the greater at the end of your name.

It is become part of the nation, at the time when the high time for us, and all those who think as Kings and Potentates of Germany paid us we do, to partake, in no degree whatever, a visit, and when the “ Bits of Striped. in this sort of foolery, especially when we “ Bunting” were seen reversed under the are writing, or speaking, upon the subject Royal flag on the Serpentine River. There of a peace, which has been made with a had, indeed, occurred, before that time, nation, whose Chief Magistrate never pre- events, which, one would have hoped, tends to any title above that of " fellow-would have checked this contemptuous way cilizen,” which he shares in common with of thinking. The defeat and capture of the all the people of the free and happy coun-Guerriere, the Macedonian, the Java, tire try, at the head of whose Government he Peacock, and divers other smaller ships of has been placed by the unbought votes of war, by that Republic, whose very name his “ fellow-citizens."

we affected to despise, might have been exIn my former Letter I stated, as clearly pected to create a doubt, at least, of our as I was able consistent with brevity, the power to annihilate the Republic in any very real cause of the war; and also the real short space of time. But the nation had causes of its continuance after the Euro- been cheated here, too, by the corrupt press, pean peace. I shall now endeavour to state who persuaded them, that all these losses clearly the real causes of the peace ; and arose from causes other than those of the then we shall come to those consequences, skill and valour of the Republicans. At which, I think, we shall find to be of the one time, it was superior numbers ; at anoutmost importance to the cause of freedom ther, heavier metal ; at another, our own all over the world.

seamen inveigled into the Republican ships. The

peace has been produced by various This delusion was kept up for two years,

When Napoleon had been put until the incursion in the Chesapeake down, this country was drunk with exulta- seemed to have closed the scene ; and, you tion. The war with America was gene- will bear in mind, that, at that time, it was rally looked upon as the mere sport of a the almost universal opinion, that our Remonth or two. Our newspapers published gent would scon send out his Viceroy to reports of speeches, or pretended speeches Washington City. (for it is the same thing in effect), in which It was even at this very moment, how the orators scofled at the idea of our having ever, that the tide began to turn. The any trouble in subduing a people, with two gallant little army of Republicans, on or three thousand miles of sea-coast, defend the Niagara frontier, had before proved, od by raw militia, and by" half a dozen fir at Chippawa, that they were made of the frigates, with bits of striped bunting at same stuff that composed their ancestors ; " their mast heads." This phrase will be and, at Tort Erie, they now gave a second long remembered. One of our Orators most signal proof of the same kind. called the Americans, as he had before While these dever-surpassed acts of devo

causes.

same time

tion to country were performing on

the

; the lanıl

army met, as far as borders of Lakes Ontario and Erie, Lake it went, with a very gallant resistance, Champlain exhibited a spectacle, which though it behaved, on its part, with equal struck with wonder all the Continent of gallantry; and Mr. Macomb must, in all Europe, and which, in fact, astounded every probability, have yielded, in time, to a force man of sense here, who had before clamour- so greatly superior, if the attack by water od for the war. It is true, that this was had not been frustrated. But on the water only a repetition of the scene, exhibited the side, the Republican Commodore Macdo year before on Lake Erie, where, with an nough, though his force was inferior to inferior number of men and guns, the Re- oors, and has been so stated in the official publican Commodore Perry had beaten and dispatch of Sir George Prevost himself, actually captured, the whole of our fleet not only defeated our fleet, but captured uuder Commodore Barclay ; but, all eyes the whole of the ships, one of which was were at that time fixed on the Continent of 36 guns, while the largest of the Reof Europe. The expected fall of Napoleon, publican ships was of no more than 26 and the real victories over him, made the guns ! The Governor-General, seeing the loss on Lake Eric (a loss of immense im- fate of the fleet, knowing that the taking portance, as is now seen) to be thought of the fort after that would only lead to a nothing of. Our great object then was, speedy retreat from it, and fearing the Napoleon. Him once subdued, the Re- consequences of an attack on his way back public, it was thought, would be done for to Canada, raised the siege, and hastened in a trice. To

suppose,

that she would be back towards Montreal with all imaginable able to stand against us, for any length of speed, pursued by the little Republican time, appeared, to most men, perfectly ri- army, and leaving behind him, as the Rediculous. A far greater part of the nation publicans state, immense quantities of thought that it was our army who had put stores, ammunition, &c. besides great down Napoleon. Indeed, the Commander numbers of prisoners and deserters. They of them was called, “ the conqueror of may

have

exaggerated in these their ac“ France ;” and, it was said, that a part of counts, but the Canada newspapers stated the Conquerors of France, sent to America, that 150 of our men deserted; and, which would, it a few months, “ reduce" the is a thing never to be forgotten, our Micountry.

nisters have never published in the Gazette A part of them were, accordingly, sent Sir George Prevost's account of bis methither; and now we are going to view morable retreat, though they have pubtheir exploits against the Republicans on lished bis dispatches relating to all the the borders of Lake Champlain. The movements of the army before and after Governor-General of Canada, Sir George that retreat. Prevost, having received the reinforce- This blow did, in fact, decile the ques. ments from France, invaded the Republic tion of war, or peace. There was much at the head of 14,000 men, with five blustering about it here; it was affected Major-Generals under him, four troops of to treat the thing lightly ; the Times, and Dragoons, four companies of Royal Artil- other venal newspapers, represented it as a lery, one brigade of Rocketeers, one bri- mere trifling occurrence, which would soon gade of Royal Sappers and Miners. The he overbalanced by sweeping victories on lirst object was to dislodge the Republicans our part. But upon the back of this came from Fart Moreau, near the town of the brilliant success of the Republicans in Platisburgh, on the edge of the Lake, repulsing our squadron, and burning one of about 15 miles within the boundary line of our ships before Fort Mobille, in the Gulph the Republic. In this fort were 1,500 of Mexico ; and thus, while we had to Repablican rgilars, and no more, and vaunt of our predatory adventures against 6,000 volunteers and militia from the the city of Washington, the town of States of Vermont and New York, under Alexandria, and the villages of French, the coinmand of a very gallant and accom- town and Stonington, the fame of the Res plished citizen, named Macomb, a Briga publican arms, by land as well as sea, dier-General in the Republican service sounded in every ear and glowed in every While Sir George Prevost attacked the heart, along the whole extent of the sixfort by land, Commodore Downie, with teen hundred miles which lie between Ca. his fleet, was to attack it by water. The nada and the Mexican Golph. astack, on both sides, commenced at the 1, Europe these events produced a pro

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digious sensation. Those who wished to those taxes, the existence of which dependsee a check given to the all-predominanted on the duration of the war. naval power of England, rejoiced at them; In the meanwhile, the Ministers, preand every where they excited and called vious to their knowledge of the battles of forth admiration of the Republicans. There Chippawa, Fort Erie, Plattsburgh, Lake had been, during the struggle on the Con- Champlain, and Fort Mobille, had put fortinent, no leisure to contemplate the trans- ward, at Ghent, very high pretensions. atlantic contest; but it now became an They had proposed, as a SINE QUA NON, object of universal attention ; and Europe, they expulsion of the Republicans from a so long accustomed to regard English naval considerable portion of their territory, in iarincibility, when the force on both sides behalf of the savages in alliance with us ; was equal, or nearly equal, as a thing re- they had demanded, though not as a sine qua ceived and universally admitted, was sur- non, the surrender of the Lakes to our prised beyond expression at the undeniable King, even with the probibition to the proof of the contrary: The world was Americans to erect fortifications on the now called on to witness the combat be borders which would remain to them; they tween England and America single-handed. lad demanded a line of communication beThe former was at the summit of power tween Quebec and our territories east of and glory; she had captured or destroyed the Penobscot, through the territories of almost all the naval force in Europe ; those the Republic. The American Negociators powers who had any naval force left were declined any discussion of these conditions, her allies, and were receiving subsidies until they should receive instructions from from her ; she had an army of regulars of their Government; alledging, and very 200,000 men, flushed with victory; she justly, that this was the first time that any had just marched part of this army through such grounds of war, or dispute, had been the heart of France herself; she had a mentioned by us. thousand ships of war afloat, commanded These demands having been transmitted by men who never dreamt of defeat. This to the President, he, instead of listening to was the power that now waged war, single them, laid them before the Congress, with banded, against the only Republic, the an expression of his indignation at them; only Commonwealth, remaining in the and in this feeling he appeared only to have world. The friends of freedom, who were anticipated his fellow-citizens throughout not well acquainted with America, had the country, with the exception of a handbeen trembling for her. They did not ful of aristocratical intriguers in the State seem to entertain any hopes of her escape. of Massachusetts. New

and vigorous They thought it scarcely possible, that she measures were adopted for prosecuting the should, with her Democratical Government war. The Congress lastened on Bills for and her handful of an army, without offi- raising and paying soldiers and sailors ; cers and without stores, resist England for making the militia more efficient; for even for a year single-handed ; and they expediting the building of ships; erecting saw no power able if willing, or willing if fortifications; providing floating batteries. able, to lend the Republic the smallest de- In short, it was now clearly seen, that the gree of assistance.

Government of the Republic was equal to a But when the battles of Lake Champlain time of war as well as to a time of peace ; were announced; and when it was seen by that we had to carry on a contest, at 3,000 the President's Message to his fellow-ci- miles distance, against a brave, free, and tizens of the Congress, that the Republican great nation; and that the aristocratical Government marched on with a firm step, faction, on whom sonte men had depended and had resolved not to yield one single for aid, were sneaking off into pitiful subpoint to our menaces, or our attacks, a terfuges, afraid any longer to shew a very different view of the contest arose. hankering after our cause. The English nation, which had been exult- In this state of things ; with this proing in the idea of giving the Yankeys" a spect before them, the Ministers wisely redrubbing," began to think, that the under-solved to abandon their demands, and to taking was not so very easy to execute; make peace, leaving things as they stood and seeing no prospect of an end to the before the war. The Opposition, who had war and its expences, they began to cry pledged themselves to the support of the out for the abolition of the greatest of war upon the old ground, that is to say,

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upon the ground of impressment, began to that peace has been made, and not one
protest against it upon the ground of con- single point has been yielded to us.
quist; and, if the war had continued, there We now come to the most important
is no doubt that they would have greatly and most interesting part of our subject;
embarrassed the Ministry upon this subject, namely, THE CONSEQUENCES of
especially as the continuation of the war this peace, made at such a time and under
Wis the only remaining excuse for the con- such circumstances. Considered as to its
tinuation of the war tuxes, against which probable and almost necessary conse-
petitions were preparing in every part of quences, it is, in my opinion, an event of
the kingdom. Here we cannot help ob- infinitely greater importance to the world
serving how wise it was in Mr. Madison than any that has taken place since the
to mike public our demands. If these had discovery of the Art of Printing. But I
been kept secret, till after the close of the will not enter further into the subject, ’till I
war, how long might not that war have have laid before you, or, rather, put upon
drawled on? The demands would never, record, for the sake of reference, some of
perhaps, have been known. How wise is the overflowings of gall, which this event
it, then, in the Americans to have framed has brought from the throats of the sworn
their Government in such a way as to pre- enemies of freedom. You have observed,
vent mischievous State secrets from exist that these public prints in England, which
ing! How wise to bave made all their werthe most bitter against Napoleon,
rulers really responsible for their acts ! have been also the most bitter against the
How wise to secure, upon all important American President; a fact which ought
points, àn appeal to themselves! The Pre- to make people reflect a little before they
sident was very coal

oarsely treated here by give way to such outrageous abuse of the
sume persons, who ought to have known former, though we must always regard him
better, for having exposed the conferences. as a traitor to the cause of liberty, having
It was said to be an act unprecedented in married a King's danghter, made himself
a civilized nation. Civilized nations," an Emperor, and propped up and created
you will perceive, mean nations governed Kings, for the sake of his and his family's
by Kings and other hereditary sovereigns; aggrandizement. Still, it is clear, that the
and, in that sense, the Americans cer- writers, whom I have now in my eye,
tainly are not a civilized nation. But thought him more favourable to fraction
fifty should such papers be kept secret? than those who have succeeded him; be-
Or, at least, why should they not be cause no sooner was he down, than they set
male public, if the Government chooses upon the American President with the
to make them public? When once a Go- same degree of fury, with which they had
vernment has dispatches in its bands, attacked Napoleon; and they recommended
there is no law that deprives it of the li- the deposing of him, upon “the same prin-
herty to make what use of them it pleases. ciple,” they said, that they had recom-
Nothing could be more fair than Mr. Ma- mended the deposing of Napoleon. You.
dison's mode of proceeding. The aris. will not fail to have observed this, and to
iocratical faction, whom we called our have traced it to its true source; but, I
friends, rere crying out for peace; the am afraid that it has passed unobserved by
whole of the American people were repre- but too large a portion of the nation.
sented, in our newspapers, as disapproving There are several of our public prints,
of the war, and as wishing for peace on our indeed, a very great majority of them, in

What, then, could Mr. Madison country as well as in town, which have do more just and more candid than publish urged the justice and necessity of extinto the people the whole of those terms.- guishing the American Government ; that ** There they are," said he, “ decide upon ill-organized association;" that “mis**them. Say: will you have peace mpon chievous example of the cristence of a ** these terms? I am, myself, ready to " Government, founded on Democratical .“ perish, rather than make such a peace. Rebellion.". This peal was rung from * Now, let me hear what you have to say." one end of the country to the other. But A nation of free men agreed with him, that the print, which led the van in this new they would perish rather than yield to such crusade against liberty, was that vile news. terms; and, indeed, rather than yield to paper, the Times, to which paper we and 118 “one single point,” thongh of ever so the world owe no small portion of those little importance. The result has been, consequences which will result from tlie

!

terms.

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peace of Glent, followed by such a war.“ | using their utmost endeavours to urge this This print was, upon this occasion, the nation on to fight against America, until trumpet of all, the haters of freedom; all they saw the world delivered of the misthose who look with Satanic eyes on the " chievous example of the existence of a happiness of the free people of America;" Government, founded on the principles of all those who have been hatched in, and “ Democratical Rebellion.It is for the vet are kept alive by, Bribery and Cor- worthy part of the FEDERALISTS to conruption. To judge of the feelings excited sider if these notorious facts square with in the bosoms of this malignant swarm by their reputation, whether as Republicans, the peace of Ghent; to enjoy the spectacle as freemen, as faithful to their country, or, of their disappointment and mortification ; even as honest men. As to the Strongs, of their alternate rage and despondency; the Otises, the Goodloe Harpers, the of the hell that burns in their bosoms : to Walshes, they have, in this way, nothing enjoy this spectacle, a spectacle which we to lose.' Every sound mind is made up ought to enjoy, after having endured the with regard to them, and others like them; insolence of their triumph for so many but, I should think, that the praises of the years ; to enjoy this spectacle we must Times newspaper must make the great body again look into this same print; hear their of the Federalists look about them. wailing, view the gnashing of their tecth, We will now re-peruse the articles, to see now the foam of revenge, and then the which I have so often alluded. I will indrivel of despair, issue from their mouths, sert them, without interruption, onc after teeming with execrations. With the help another, according to their dates, reserving of the linisters, we have, for once, beat my remarks, if any should be necessary, the sons and daughters of corruption; and for the close ; and requesting you to pay if we bear our success with moderation, particular attention to the passages printed let us, at any rate, hear and laugh at the in Italics, or in CAPITALS. cries of our always cruel, and, until now, 29th Dec. 1814.-" Without entering insolení enemy. It is right, too, that the “ at present into the details of the Treaty, Republicans themselves should know what " (on which we have much to observe these wretches now have to say; these “ liereafter), we confess that we look wretches, whom nothing would satisfy short“ anxiously to its non-ratification ; beof the subversion of the Republican Go." cause we hope an opportunity will be atvernment ; short of destroying that “ mis- " forded to our brave seamen to retire chievous example, the cxistence of a Go-" from the contest,----not, as they now are, “ vernment founded on Democratical Rebel“ beaten and disgraced ; not with the loss “ lion.” As far as I have been able to do it “ of that trident which Nelson, whea openly through the press, I have, during the dying,

dying, placed in his country's grasp ; not war, as you will have perceived, made“ leaving the marine laurel on the anugrknown the denunciations of these wretchesthy brows of a Rodgers ; but, with an against the liberties of America, and it “ ample and full revenge for the captures may not be less useful to make known their “ of the Guerriere, the Vlacedonian, the wailings, their fears, their despair at the “ Java, and the numerous other ships that peace; and the Republicans of America “ have been surrendered on the Ocear, ought always to bear in mind, that these “ besides the whole flotillas destroyed on same wretches, who arc ready to gnaw Lake Erie and Lake Champlain. Let their own flesh at sceing their hopes of “ us not deceive ourselves. These victodestroying liberty in America blasted ;"ries have given birth to a spirit, which, they ought always to bear in mind, that “if not checked, will, in a few years, create these same wretches it was, who praised, an American navy truly formidable. and who still praise, the conduct of the Go-" They have excited in other nations, who vernor Strong, Mr. Otis, Mr. Pickering," foolishly envy our maritime preponderMr. Goodloe Harper, Mr. Walsh the ance, an undissembled joy, at beholding reviewer, and their associates. The FEDE- " our course so powerfully arrested. PerRALISTS, too, amongst whom there are “haps it would not be asserting too much many worthy men, look steadily at these “ to say, that they have detracted as much facts; and consider how it must stand" from the opinion of our strength by sed, with their reputation, when it is notorious," as the victories of Wellington have en that all those in England, who praise, or hanced that of our strength by land." give the preference to them, have been 30th Dec. 1914.-" The state of the

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