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(L. S.) Charles Robert Comte de Nes the head, he very civilly took me by the solrode.

-nose: --this so enraged me, although (L. S.) Castlereagh.

one of the mildest of men, that I cudgelled (L. S.) Charles Auguste Baron de Hard- him, both to his and to my own perenberg.

fect satisfaction. For this affront on a (L. S.)

Marshal Ney, gentleman, and a man of honour, I was (L. S.) Caulincourt,

dismissed as a low bred, unfashionable fellow, greatly deficient in the Ton.

Not yet intimidated, I next waited upon THE BACHELORS' Tax.

a demure looking creature, who lamented SIR.—The Minister having given the the depravity of the age from morning contents of his budget for our digestion, to night. Here I am suited, thought 1, allow me, through the medium of your no fear of red-coats ;-when, as I was paper, to enter my protest against a tax one night going to hear her rail against that falls peculiarly heavy on a very res- the forwardness of the little misses in pectable body of his Majesty's most loyal their teens, I entered upon her too sudsubjeets, called old Bachelors. That denly, and found her demonstrating the

, the tax in question is oppressive, as a attraction and adhesiou of ladies, to her legislative act, my history will sufficiently footman.-I next became enamoured of prove; for with every disposition to the accomplished daughter of a rich old. connubial happiness, I have hitherto farmer; who, feeling his own great deficompletely failed in my attempts ; and ciency in all human learning, was reI doubt not that numbers, besides my- solved to make his daughter a prodigy. self, stand in the same predicament.-TO She could read a page of Walter Scott begin with my history: you must know without lisping more than a dozen misthat I first addressed myself to a most takes; she could recite a passage in a prudent young lady, with whom I inter- play with all the grace of the amateur of changed vows of eternal constancy; and fashion; she could thump a Sonata on was near being made the happiest of men, the Piano with most discordant fascinawhen an uncle died, from whom I had tion; and she could draw without any fear great expectations, leaving me only a of punishment from the breach of the small legacy. This circumstance, and second commandment. These rare acthe advances of a rich fox-hunting squire, complishments won my heart; when an. wrought so much to my disadvantage, ticipating my union with the accom. that I was dismissed by her friends, plished phenomenon, she cruelly deand at their suggestion, she very duti- serted me for the irresistible attractions fully yielded to the son of the chace.- of a strolling player.-Dissatisfied with Time, that best soother of human woe, poems and plays, pianos and paint, I soon performs a cure; and I next next bowed down to a learned lady, figured away with a lady in the fashiona- who could harangue in Latin with all ble world. Like the owl, I sunk down the eloquence of a college professor ; to repose at the approach of the sun, and who could spout Greek with parsonic arose at his departure. Every thing purity; who could write a criticism on seemed to be in a most favourable train, a plain passage in a Greek or Latin auwhen imprudently, settling some future thor, until it became unintelligible; who plans of domestic economy, I was dis- could uuriddle all the dark meanings of missed with the epithet of a mean, ava- Aristotle; and who could prove, to a dericious wretch.-My next adventure was monstration, that the ancients with a young lady; who, with a mode sages, and the moderns, blockheads.rate fortune, and a handsome person, had Well versed in the philosophy of the secured to herself, at least, a score of schools, both ancient and modern. Inhumble admirers, when I fortunately sensible to externals, even to stoicism; stepped in, and she very condescendingly for so far had she carried her apathy, reduced the number to balf a dozen, that she had actually written a treatise besides myself. I believe I should have against the passions, and was one night carried the prize, bad not a tall man of reading to me the chapter against anger, blood, yc!ept captain, have come in be- when the maid servant coming in to pretween; and on my excusing myself from pare supper, unfortunately overturned standing to be honourably shot through the inkstand upon some critical nate




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on a Greek author, and thus spoiled the were Bachelors; and if they were inlabours of a whole fortnight. This was ended as examples for our imitation, too much for the mild follower of Zeno.- 1 'urely we ought to hesitate on so imporThe inkstand was expelled at the head ant a point. That great apostle of the of the terrified Abigail, with philosophic gentiles, St. Paul, not only discounterage ; and on my innocently requesting nanced matrimony by his practice, but her to conclude the chapter on anger, she expressly recommended a life of celibacy, gave a practical illustration of hier system, as a virtue; and with such authority, all by furiously dispatching the treatise parliamentary arguments" vanish like • full in my face.- Perfectly satisfied with smoke. That the ladies should not coinlady philosophers, I next' offered my cide with the wholesome advice-giving, self to' a devotee; trusting that christia- and woman-silencing apostie, is no ways nity would teach' a milder' behaviour. extraordinary; but that Mr. Vansittari-, Here I was dragged to the conventicle, the zealous supporter of the Bible So, every Lord's-day, three times at least; ciety, should, by the tax in questions bēsides attending conferences, night meet- set aside the authority of St. Paul, ie ings, &c on the week day; and if I had truly surprising. Notwithstanding the not indulged a little mistiined scepticism, seeming proofs of his piety, unless he I might have been united to the most withdraw this most unchristian' tax, we devout lady in Christendoni : but hap- shall be led to judge, that he has allow- pening to doubt of Serpent-logicians, and ed his gallantry to get the better of his Ass-oraförs, I was disniissed as an infidel christianity. Yours, &c. whom, for the glérý of God; it would

AN OLD: BACHELOR. be well to roast into the faitli.--So'an

Lincolnshire, March, 12th. 1815. xlous' was' l'to become'a Benedict, that I next became the humble suppliant of

CORN LAWS. my own liousemaid; a tall, stout, maloLany faced dåmsel, whom I believe I SIR. I wish to argue the schject on stould have taken for better or forworse: reasonable grounds, and as there is so but indiscreetly offending her on the muche noise about the Corn Dill, I trust . piuch dreaded' wasiing day, the enrayed you give place to these few observaAmazon, witli potuerous tist, som ob icons. -- Define the war,' bread was 6d, the seured my perception, that l ve ever quartern loat; and play what makes it aiter blind to her qualifications.-aving dear now? Have we not the same porhad sufficient experience of the nio- tion of land tó grow corn on, as we had dérns," as" a last resource, I poured forth before the war? Nay, I will answer, a my passion to a rickí oid Spinster, when considerable deal more, by the immense I wảs near leading to the altar, wher the inclosure of waste land which, I may grin tyrant déati intruded, and snaiched say, has been talen from the poor, and itet away fi'on the enamoured swdio: given to the rich. They have deprived I could willingly have engaged with somethem of the land, and now they bave the other antique, but with the mouthfut impudence to say, that they will not grow event before me;" of the instability of Life Corn or it, unless you" give them what in the ager; l was fearfar' of 'too soon price tliey choose to ask. Have we not being let in a widowed" state. Growly equally as good farmėt's as 'we låd before grey na life of fruitless' importunity; I the war, and is not the land as producHade réconciteit myself to my fitë, witli tive? Whattheir is the reason ́iliey (bfoxoplrical fórtitude; when lo! the not grow as murli com now, as they did Ministet opened his Budget, and thus beiðre” the war?. It is because of the prevented me ait indulgence so necessary eirormott's load of tařes with which' we id my declining years.--I be Bongbit are oppressed, I consider all the noise for liver failert it proving the oppres- nowinabing by the supporters of the corn soir of the tax, Byamy: listory, I shall bill, asnought but'a bity-bear to trighten

yeni torripture, trusting that erery us-a fålse'alarni-an invention to au-good christiatr will coincide witliny ar- thorise the establishment of a despotism

' " gurments. To search for namts ihc injurious to the liberties and happiness lave adta & ühistré torthat of Faclieiør, of the people. The fact is; the warwould be ad endless“ task: stiifce it to wlibdp faction have got rid of the pro-"

starr Sesks rist; and discuit cirlés, Iperty-tas; and have ateady' làid" it upons


the shoulders of the mercantile people. back parlour and the piano; the men Should this bill pass through the house for having changed the smock-frock, and of their “ noble-mindednesses," the bur- carters whip, for the military cut, superthen, with the head and all, will be too fine coat, lined with silk, bis Wellington heavy for the shoulders. But supposing boots, his jemny rattan, and bit of blood. the landholder was formerly necessitated Dumplins too are forsaken for dainties; to raise his tenant's rent, to enable bim and it is reckoned among the number of to pay the Goverument demand of 101. the farmer's high crimes and misdemeanper cent. property-tax, the land holder ours, that they feed no longer on ox was not even then ihe loser, as it all came cheek and beef legs. I request you my out of the loaf. Now that that demand brother farmers to note this. You are is over, let the landhoider take off the to be clothed with the smock-frock, go 101. per cent. which he put on his tenant, in high shoes and hob nails, feed on the and let Government reduce the most op- offal of your produce, send all your poulpressive part of ilie farmer's taxes. This try, eggs, butier, cream, &c. to market, would be the most equitable way of en- tiiat the appetite of those who have burcouraging the growth of corn, and giving thened you with excessive taxation may us bread at a moderate price. If we be pampered at a cheap rate, fare sump


a musih ave taxes, let us have them on any | tuously every day, roll along the street thing else but the loaf. By these means, n splendid equipages, and mock and and these only, we will be enabled to pro- deride the clownishi awkwardness which, care a foreign market for our manufac- in their prejudiced eyes, is necessary to tures, without which there is no chance the selling of cheap corn. It may perof reducing the price of bread, and of haps be thought illiberal to accuse Arisrestoring England to its former prospe- tides of wilfully settling one class of the rity. Although I like your reasoning in community against another. I must, general, Mr. Cobbett, I wish to know therefore, impute the false description how we are likely, (if passive obedience he has given, to a complete ignorance of be Vie order of the day) to get redress the mode and babits of life of so respectin the event of their “ poble minded-able a class of the community as the " nesses” rejecting the voice of the peo-generality of British farmers. It is not ple in their petition against the obnoxious unlikely he may have been entertained corn bill. If the only constitutiouit mode by the military fop he lias pourtrayed; of petitioning should be rejected, and and if such characters are to be found tlie intimidating force of an army of sol- amongst faruiers, Aristides should have diers be resorted to, I should like you to been charitable enough to have acknowpoint out the remedy, as I am at a loss ledged the real cause of their creation to imagine one. I am, &c.

and existence, which he must know to March 15, 1815.

W. P. R. have arisen out of the late wicked, unjust, and unnecessary war:

lf be had on this DEFENCE OF THE FARMERS. subject reasoned with his accustomed

acuteness, he must have known that Mr. CORBETT — Amongst the various none put on the military habit with more opinions which have lately appeared on reluctance than the farmer; that lie was tlie' subject of Coru Laws, scarcely any induced to become a volunteer by the have been free from an admixture of illi

infiuence of government, thro' the mebéral abuse of the farmers of England, dium of the magistrate and his landlord, and some of your' correspondents have by whom lie was in many instances, fälien into that vulgar error, for so l insist tireatened with notice to quit his farm be allowed to consider it'; and my sur if he did not comply with the military prise is much encreased to find your requisition. His family, too, were often otherwise sensible" correspondent Aristi- invited to the festive board, to join the des“ turned accuser' of the farniers in your merry dance ;aud.If the female part imiRegister of the 25111 ult. Amongst some tated the dress and manners of their new plausible' reasons for the high price of associates, the colonel's and the squire's corn, he assigns' the principle one to be lady; if they were tempted to learn the the high and luxuriait living of the far- | martial air, and the jocund song on the mer, whose family he describes as having piano, can this possibly be assigned by försaken the dairy and the clúr, før the any sound reason as the true cause by

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they cannot sell their corn cheap? Corn this convenience is looked for in vain. has not risen in price more than the oak It is replaced, in some instances, with tree, the deal board, or the tallow can- the humblest buggy, but more frequently dle, and till it can be proved that the with the taxed cart; and the appearance increased price of these articles is owing of the farmer now, when compared with to the luxuriant living of the timber mer- his grand-father, is that of a pauper being chant, the carpenter, and the tallow passed home to his parish; he now rides chandler, the advance in the price of to market or to worship, gingling and corn cannot be attributed to the extrava- shaking and gnashing of teeth. gant living of the farmer. But, Sir, I But why are these comforts fled ? It deny the fact that the generality of the cannot be unknown to Aristides, that farmers, or their wives and daughters, they are laid aside to answer the demands are what Aristides bas described them of the tax-gatherer, who threatens to to be; or that their situation is improved swallow up all otr comforts, and deprive by an increase of either their luxuries or us of all our conveniences, to enrich comforts. More than a century ago that those who are partakers and dividers of facetious poct Pryor described the situa- the spoil. I an told that farmers drink, tion of farmers (not as living on ox cheek and get drunk too. So does the parson, or beef legs but) as living hospitably, and the lawyer, the senator, and the statesbeing surrounded with plenty:

But are we, on that account, to Large oxen in the field were lowing,

accuse the whole of those classes with Good grain was sown, good fruit was growing;

this nauseous vice, and charge them with

all the mischief and calamity that awaits Of last year's corn in barns good store, this once happy country? Such a mode Fat turkies gobbling at the door ;

of reasoning would be accounted illiberal How strong the beer, how good the meat,

and inconclusive. It must be equally so

if the whole body of farmers are to be How loud they laughi’d, how much they cat.

judged by the indiscretion of a few fops Many other authorities might be and sots. It should also be taken into quoted within the compass of a farmer's consideration, Who have turned farmers ? reading, to prove their situation to have It must be allowed, before the character been that of plenty and comfort, and of the English farmer is truly appreciated, that they could entertain their friends that all retired merchants, military genwith true hospitality; nay even jovially, tlemen out of employ, disappointed and without incurring the reproach of making unsuccessful speculators, with the rem. corn dear. Who can enter a farm use nants of their broken fortunes, must be in the present day, without seeing in struck from the list; then I may safely the corner cupboard the punch bowl of aver that the farmers of England have his grand-father, which, when in his not abated one jot or tittle in the habits possession was often replenished to wel- of industry, economy, or frugality, or come the coming guest and cheer the increased in luxuries. It must likewise weary traveller; but is now only an arti- be granted, that farmers of enterprise, cle of old china to be wiped of its dust, who have made large fortunes, cannot be and set up as an ornament of ancient considered a fair sample of the generality times. The untaxed ale, which cheered of farmers. If they have got too rich by the countenance, and made glad the turning the desert into a garden, tho' lieart of man, is now no more: It, alas! they may in common with other successis obliged to give way to a thinner liquor, ful classes of society, live luxuriantly, I more endangering the visitor with the cannot see how they have made corn gripes than the gout. Leaving, however, dear by growing abundance where none the description of the poets, and calling grew before. It is a fact universally in aid personal recollection, I could admitted, that where several farms have state instances of farmer's keepingcomfort- been laid together, cultivation has imable carriages, principally employed for proved and the quantum of corn much carrying their families to worship, giving increased; a sufficient proof that this themra jaunt to the market, or conveying cannot contribute to raise the price of them to a family party at christmas; but corn. tho' I anı now aequainted with a hundred Having combated these false notions times as many farniers as I was then, Fof your correspondent, and others of like


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opinion, may I be allowed to state what I let the pen of Aristides be directed

I conceive to be the real cause of creating against the common enemy taxation and
a necessity for making corn dear. It corruption, those co-partners in mischief
must be attributed by every considerate and misery. Then may we be brought
mind to increased rents and overwhelm- back to the enjoyment of the blessings
ing taxation. All our political econom- of our ancient constitution and the con-
ists have ascribed the progressive rise in stable's staff, instead of a large military
the various articles of life to these causes; force, and an embroidered militia in time
but there is no occasion for quotations; of peace. While economy and retrench-
we can cast a sum in addition or snbtrac- ment are recommended to the farmer,
tion: multiplication is brought to our we will kindly return the good advice,
recollection by a increase of evils; and and recommend it to governinent also as
tlie result of our little arithmetic may be the only efficient remedy for our aggra-
solved by a simple question in the rule of vated evils. Yes, while we are curtailing
three ; If an advance in ient and taxes comfort after comfort, convenience after
has increased our expences fourfold, convenience, we advise those above us
what price must corn be at to enable us to share in the like privations; and while
to hold our farms and retain our situa- our laborers are bearing with patience
tions? The answer is obvious. It is a reduction of 2d. or 3d. in the shilling,
also' clear, that if a large abatement on account of the reduced price of pro-
of rent cannot be obtained, a considera- visions, let us demand also that the ser-
ble diminution of taxation, and a total vants of the state should be reduced in
riddance of the tythe system, so mous- the same rate. I could easily point out
trous, so oppressive and vexatious, there what a load of taxation the good people
will be no alternative but emigration or a of England might be relieved of from
jail. It is equally evident, that there are this just and well-founded claim being
not only one but many countries where, adopted, from the prince on the throne
in mercy to mankind, tythes are abo- thro' every department of the state and
lished, rents one fourth of the rents of every servant in office; but I shall leave
England, taxes comparatively none; and this to abler pens, and as my chief ob-
altho’ it is our wish and our pleasure to ject was to defend the farmers from those
raise corn in abundance, and sell it cheap ill-founded and precipitate charges of ex;
to the good people of England, we cannot travagance and luxury which have been
perförın impossibilities. If we are taxed brought against them, arising no doubt
and tea zed out and obliged to abandon from gross misconception, I shall cou--
our native soil, we must cross the chan- clude will subscribing myself their de-
nel in such numbers that it miglit puz- voted friend and servant.
zle a long headed' chancellor to raise bis
revenues from those who remain. The

R. F.
landlords also will find it dificult to ob-
taiu tenants for their farms. As to the
Corn Bill now proceeding in Parliament,

America Triumphant.
and which excites sucir dreadfuil agita-
tion, I am free to declare that a large Thosp. vile slaves of corruption, what wow will
portion of farmers (io not wish it to pass,

they say, because they consider it to be instru- Who assur'd us, the Yankees would all run away, mental in advancing the price of their Svon as ever they came within sight of our men, labour; keeping up rents, and perpelve. And that England would niake ibem her subjects fing tárcs, which ought to be repealed. again. They are truly alarmed at a peäce estab-One" would think, they believed these American lisindent of nineteen niillions" a year, elves, and believe with you, Sir, that there is Weré compos'd of sucli dastardly stuff as themselves, no necessity for such an expenditure; They forgut, that their busoms beat high in the that this excessive taxation is the rich pasture ont which corruption frrás, jattens Of true LiBento Justice, Religio#, and Laws, and grows insolent. Whiy their inttane And that one common spirit pervaded she land, the public mind agamist the farmer? To resist 1re Aggressions, Injustice had planu'd. Whvnot, to userfarnier's expression, lay Alas! had our Rulers wise nieasures observid,

*** Vt bowie? Rather | Find they nu'er iFour a jirst-line of policy swervid;


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