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( 344 Had they treated as men, whom they trcated with canal on which they had effected their scorn ;
disembarkation. In my encanpment The beams our glory had never been shorn ; every thing was ready for action, when, We should never have suffered disgrace or defeat, early on the morning of the 8th, the Nor from those we despis'd been oblig'd to retreat. enemy, after throwing a heavy shower of From what height of power bas' England been bombs and Congreve rockets, advanced hurl'd,
their columns on my right and left to storm By th' exanıple these Yankees have shewn to the my entrenchments. I cannot speak sufworld;
ficiently in praise of the firmness and deWhat a blu w to our greatness, how humbled our liberation with which my whole line repride,
ceived their approach--more could not To be beaten by those we so often defied;
be expected from veterans inured to war. Thevident of Neptune, our glory and boast,
For an hour the fire of the small arms was · By injustice, and weakness, for erer is lost. incessant and severe as can be imagined. Could our forefathers know, could they rise from The artillery, too, directed by officers
who displayed equal skill and courage, And behold that their sous can submit to be did great execution. Yet the columns of slaves;
enemy continued to advance with a That the country, for which so much blood has been firmness which reflects upon them the shed,
greatest credit. Twice the column which Is now govern'd by those whom Corruption has approached me on my left was repulsed,
by the troops of General Carroll, those With wliat feelings indignant their bosoms would of Gen. Coffee, and a division of Kenglow,
tucky militia,and twice they formed again With wilal grief they would see we were fallen so
and renewed the assault. At length, how'low.--
ever, cut to pieces, they fled in confusion And are we so fallen, so segardless of shame,
from the field, leaving it covered with As lo laniely subinit to the loss of our fame?
their dead and wounded. The loss which Is the spirit o: Britons become so depress’d? the enemy sustained on this occasion, Are those sentiments lust, our forefaibers possess'd? cannot be estimated at less than 1500 in Shall we never awake, 'rill our ruin is seal'd ?
killed, wouuded and prisoners. Upwards Can the wounds of our Country never be heal'd ?
of 300 have already been delivered over Oh! let us avert, whilst we're able, the storin,
for burial; and my men are still engaged And abolishi Corruption, by peaceful REFORM;
in picking them up within my lines and Let the voice of the people be rais'd through the carrying them to the point where the landi,
enemy are to receive them. This is in And our Rulers nuust grant what we firınly demand; addition to the dead and wounded whom Lt us tell them the Rights that to Britons are due,
have been enabled to carry That the Many no more will be slaves to the Few.
from the field during and since the actior,
the wounds they received. We have
taken about 500 prisoners, upwards of
300 of whom are wounded, and a great General Jackson's Account of the Ope
part of them mortally. My loss has not
exceeded and I believe has not amountrations at New Orleans.
ed to 70 killed and as many wounded.
The entire destruction of the enemy's Copy of a Letter from Major-General army was now inevitable, had it not been Jackson to the Secretary of War dated for an unfortunate occurrence which Camp, four miles below Orleans, 9th at this moment took place on the other
side of the river. Simultaneously witla Jan. 1815.
his advance upon my lines he had thrown Sie--During the days of the 6th, and
over in his boats a force to the other 7th, the enemy had been actively employ- side of the river. These having landed, ed:in-making preparations for an attack were hardy enough to advance against on my lines. With infinite labour they the works of Gen. Morgan; and, what had succeeded, on the night of the 7th, is strange and difficult to account for, in getting their boats across the lake to at the very moment when their entire disthe river by widening and deepening the confiture was looked for with a confi:
dence approaching to a certainty, the, Copy of a Letter from Major-General Kentucky reinforcements, in whom so
Jackson, to the Secretary of War, damuch reliance had been placed, inglori
ted Head-quarters, 71h Military disously fled, drawing after them, by their
trict. example, the remainder of the forces; and thus yielded to the enemy that Camp, 4 miles below N. Orlean, 19th most fortunate position. The batteries,
Jan. 1815. which had rendered me for many days Last night, at twelve o'clock, the the most important service, though eneny precipitately decamped and rebravely defended, were of course now turned to his boats, leaving behind him, abandoned ; not however until the guns under medical attendance, eighty of his had been spiked. This unfortunate wounded, including two officers, fourroute had totally ehanged the aspect of teen pieces of his heavy artillery, and affairs. The enemy now occupied a po- a quantity of shot, having destroyed sition from which they might annoy us much of his powder. Such was the siwithout hazard, and by means of which tuation of the ground which he alanthey might have been able to defeat, doned, and of that through which he rein a great measure, the effects of our tired, protected by canals, redoubts, en
this side of the river. It trenchments, and swain;»s on his right, became therefore an object of the first and the river on his left, that I could consequence to dislodge him as soon as not, without encountering a risk, which possibie. For this object, all the means in true policy did not seem to require, or my power, which I could with any safety to authorize, aitempt to annoy him much use, were immediately put in preparation, in his retreat. We took only eight pri
. . Perhaps, however, it was owing some
Whether it is the purpose of the what to another cause that I succeeded enemy to abandon the expedition altoeven beyond my expectations. In nego- gether, or renew his efforts at some other ciating the terms of a temporary suspen- points, I do not pretend to determine sion of hostivities to enable the enemy to with positiveness. In my own mind, bury their deed and provide for their however, there is but little doubt that wounded, I had required certain proposi- his last exertions have been made in this tions to be acceeded to as a tasis; quarter, at any rate for the present seaamong which this was one—that al- son, and by the next I liope we shall though hostilities should cease on this be fully prepared for him. In this beside of the river until 12 o'clock of this lief I am strengthened not only by the day, yet it is not to be understood that prodigious loss he has sustained at the they should cease on the other side; but position he has just quitted, but by the that no reinforcements should be sent failure of his fleet to pass Fort St. Philip. across by either army until the expira- His loss on this ground, since the de. tion of that day. His Excellency Major- barkation of his troops as stated by all General Lambert begged time to consi- the last prisoners and deserters, and as der of those propositions until 10 o'clock confirmed by many additional circumof to-day, and in the mean time re-cros- stances, must have exceeded 4000 ; and sed bis troops. I need not tell you with was greater in the action of the 8th than how much eagerness I immediately re- was estimated, from the most correct gained possession of the position he had data then in his possession, by the Inihus hastily quilted. The enemy liaving spector General, whose report has been concentrated hus forces, may again at- forwarded to you. We succeeded, on tempt to drive me from my position by the 8th, in getting from the enemy about storm. Whenever he does, I have no 1000 stand of arms, of various descripdoubt my nien will act with their usual tions.--Since the action of the 31s, the tirmness, and sustain a character now enemy have been allowed very little resbecome dear to them. I have the honor pite--my'artillery frein both sides of to be, with great respect, your obedient the river being constantly employed, till servant,
the night, and indeed until the hour of ANDREW JACKSON, their retreat, ia : annoying them. No Major-General Commanding.
doubt they thought it quite time to quit
a position in which so little rest could Hon. James Monroe Secretary of War, be found.-lam advised by Mrjor Over
ton, who commands at Fort St. Philipa, , the Right Honourable James Lord Game in a letter of the 15th, that the enemy ha- bier late Admiral of the White, now ving bombarded his fort, for eight or Admiral of the Red Squadron of his nine days, from 13 inch mortars without Majesty's Fleet, Henry Goulburn, Eseffect, had, on the morning of that day quire, a Member of the Imperial Parliaretired. I have little doubt that he ment, and Under Secretary of State, and would have been able to have sunk their William Adams, Esquire, Doctor of Civil vessels had they attempted to run by. Laws:--And the President of the United I have the honour to be, &c.
ates, by and with the advice and conANDREW JACKSON, Major-Gen. Com.
sent of the Senate thereof, has appointed P.S. On the 18th our prisoners on John Quincy Adams, James A. Bayard, shore were delivered to us, an exchange Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell, and Alhaving been previously agreed to. Those bert Gallatin, Citizens of the United who are on board the fleet will be deli. States, who after a reciprocal communivered at Petit Coquille--after which I cation of their respective full powers, shall still have in my hands, an excess have agreed upon the following Articles: of several hundred.
Article 1. That there shall be a firm 20th--Mr. Shields, Purser in the Na- and universal Peace between his Britanvy, has to-day, taken 5-1 prisoners, among uic Majesty and the United States, and them are four officers.
A. J. between their respective countries, terriHon. James Monroe, Secretary of War. tories, cities, towns, and people, of every
degree, without exception, of places or
persons. All hostilities, both by sea and TREATY of PEACE WITH AMERICA. laud, shall cease so soon as tłiis Treaty
shall have been ratified by both parties, JAMES MADISON, President of the as hereafter mentioned. All territory,
United States of America, to all and places, and possessions, whatsoever, tasingular to whom these presents shall ken from either party, by the other,
come, greeting :-Whereas a treaty of during the war, or which may be taken Peace and Amity between the United after the signing of this Treaty, excepting States of America and his Britannic Ma- only the Islands hereinafter mentioned, jesty, was signed at Ghent, on the 24th shall be restored without delay, and withday of December, one thousand eight out causing any destruction, or carrying hundred and fourteen, by Plenipotenti- away any of the artillery or other public aries respectively appointed for that pur- property originally captured in the said pose; and the said treaty having been, forts or places, and which shall remain by and with the advice and consent of therein upon the exchange in the- ratificathe Senate of the United States, duly tions of this Treaty, or any slaves or accepted, ratified and confirmed, on the other private property. And all archives, seventeenth day of February, one thou- records, deeds, and papers, either of a sand eight hundred and fifteen, and ra- public nature, or belonging to private tified copies thereof having been ex- persons, which, in the course of the year, changed agreeably to the tenor of the may have fallen into the hands of the said treaty, which is in the words follow- | Officers of either party, shall be, as far ing to wit;
as may be practicable, forth with restored Treaty of peace and amity between his and delivered to the proper authorities
and persons to whom they respectively Britannic Majesty and theUnited States belong. Such of the islands in the Bay of America,
of Passamaquoddy as are claimed by His Britanic Majesty and the Uuited both parties shall remain in the possession States of America, desirous of terminat- of the party in whose occupation they ing the war which has unhappily subsisted may be at the time of the exchange of between the two countries, and of restor- the Ratification of this Treaty, until the ing, upon principles of perfect recipro- the decision respecting the title to the city, peace, friendship and good under said islands shall have been made in constanding between them, have, for that formity with the 4th article of this Treaty. purpose, appointed their respective Ple- No disposition made by this Treaty, as nipotentiaries, that is to say: -His Bri- to sncli possession of the islands and ter. tannic Majesty, on his part, has appointed (ritories claimed by both parties, shalla
in any manner whatever, be construed.) Bay of Fundy and the Atlantic Ocean, to affect the right of either.
excepting such islands as now are, or Art 2. Immediately after the Ratifica- | heretofore have been, within the limits tion of this treaty by both parties, as of Nova Scotia ; and whereas the sevehereinafter mentioned, orders shall be ral islands in the bay of Passamaquoddy, sent to the armies, squadrons, officers, which is part of the Bay of Fundy, and subjects, and citizens of the two powers the Island of Grand Monan, in the said to cease from all hostilities: And to pre- Bay of Fundy, are claimed by the United vent all causes of complaint that might States as being comprehended within arise on account of the prizes which may their aforesaid boundaries, which said be taken at sea after the said ratifications islands are claimed as belonging to his of this treaty, it is reciprocally agreed, Britannic Majesty, as having been at that all vessels and effects which may be the time of and previous to the aforesaid taken after the space of twelve days from Treaty of 1783, within the limits of the the said ratifications, upon all parts of province of Nova Scotia. In order, the coast of North America, from the therefore, finally to decide upon these latitude of twenty-three degrees north to claims, it is agreed that they shall the latitude of fifty degrees north, and as be referred to two Commissioners to be far eastward in the Atlantic ocean, as the appointed in the following manner, viz, 36th degree of west longitude, from the one Commissioner shall be appointed by meridian of Greenwich, shall be restored his Britannic Majesty, and one by the on each side: That the time shall be 30 President of the United States, by and days in all other parts of the Atlantic with the advice and consent of the Seocean, north of the equinoctial line or nate thereof; and the said two Commisequator, and the same time for the Bri- sioners so appointed shall be sworn imtish and Irish Channels, for the Gulph partially to examine and decide upon of Mexico, and parts of the West Indies; the said claims according to such evi40 days for the North Seas, for the Bal- dence as shall be laid before them tic, and for all parts of the Mediterra- the part of his Britannic Majesty and of nean; 60 days for the Atlantic Ocean the United States respectively. The said south of the equator as far as the lati- Commissioners shall meet at St. Andrew's tude of the Cape of Good Hope; 90 in the province of New Brunswick, and days for every part of the world south shall have power to adjourn to such other of the equator; and 120 days for all place or places as they shall think fit. other parts of the world without ex- The said Commissioners shall, by a de. ception.
claration or report under their hands and Art. 3. All prisoners of war taken on seals, decide to which of the two coneither side, as well by land as by sea, tracting parties the several islands aføreshall be restored soon as practicable after said do 'respectively belong, in conforthe Ratification of this treaty as hereinaf- mity with the true intent of the said ter mentioned, on their paying all debts Treaty of Peace of one thousand seven which they may have contracted during hundred and eighty-iliree. And if the their captivity. The two contracting par- said Commissioners shall agree in their ties respectively engage to discharge in decision, both parties shall consider specie, the advances which may have such a decision as final and conclusive. been made by the other for the suste- --It is further agreed, that in the event nance and maintenance of such prisoners. of the two Commissioners ditering upon
Art 4. Whereas it was stipulated by all or any of the matters so referred to the second Article in the Treaty of Peace them, or in the event of both or either of 1783, between his Britannic Majesty of the said Commissioners refusing, or and the United States of America, that declining, or wilfully omitting, to act as the boundary of the United States should such, they shall wake jointly or sepacomprehend all islands within twenty rately, a repórt or reports, as well to the leagues of auy part of the shores of the Government of his Britannic Majesty as United States, and lying between lines to to that of the United States, stating in debe drawn due east from the points where tail the points on which they differ, and the aforesaid boundaries, between Nova the grounds upon which their respective Scotia on the one part, and East Florida opinions have been formed, or the on the other, shall respectively touch the grounds upon which they, .or either of
them, have so refused, declined, or thorised, to act exactly in the manner omitled to act. And his Britannic Ma- directed with respect to those mentioned jesty, and the Government of the United in the next preceding article, unless States hereby agree to refer the report otherwise specified in the present article. or reports of ihe said Commissioners, The said Commissioners shall meet at to some friendly Sovereign or State, to St. Andrews, in the province of New be then named for that purpose, and Brunswick, and shall have power to adwho shall be requested to decide on the journ to such other place or places as differences which miay be stated in the they shall think tit. The said Comsaid report or reports, or upon the report | missioners shall have power to ascertain
Commissioner, together with and determine the points abovementithe grouuds upon which the other Com- oned, in conformity with the provisions missioners shail have refused, declined, of the said treaty of peace of 1703, and or omitted to act, as the case may be. shall cause the boundary aforesaid, And if the Commissioner so refusing, from the source of the river St. Croix to declining, or omitting to act, shall also the river Iroquois or Cataraguy, to be surwilfully omit to state the grounds upon veyed and marked according to the said which he has so done, in such manner provisions. The said Commissioners that the said statement may be referred shall make a map of the said boundary, to such friendly Sovereign or State, to- and annex to it a declaration under their gether with the report of such other hands and seals, certifying it to be the Commissioner, then such Sovereign or true map of the said boundary, and parState shall decide exparte upon the said ticularizing the latitude and longitude of report alone. And his Britannic Ma- the northwest angle of Nova Scotia, jesty and the Government of the United of the northwesternmost head of ConStates engage to consider the decision of necticut river, and of such other points some friendly Sovereign or State to be of the said boundary as they may deem such and conclusive on all the matters proper. And both parties agree to conso referred.
sider such map
and declaration as finally Art. 5. Whereas neither that point of and conclusively fixing the said boundthe high lands lying due north from the ary. And in the event of the said two source of the river St. Croix, and desig- Commissioners differing, or both, or, nated in the former treaty of peace be either of them, refusing or declining, or tween the two powers as the north-west | wilfully omitting to act, such reports, angle of Nova Scotia, now the north- declarations, or statements, shall be westernmost head of Connecticut river, made by them, or either of them, and has yet been ascertained; and whereas such reference to a friendly sovereign or that part of the boundary line between state, shall be made, in all respects as in the dominion of the two powers which the latter part of the fourth Article is extends from the source of the river contained, and in as full a manner as if St. Croix, directly north to the above- the same was herein repeated, mentioned northwest angle of Nova Sco- Art. 6. Whereas, by the former treaty tia, thence along the said highlands of peace, that portion of the boundary of which divide those rivers that empty the United States from the point where themselves into the river St. Lawrence, the 45th degree of north latitude strikes from those which fall into the Atlantic the river Iroquois or Cataraguy, to the ocean to the northwesternmost head of lake Superior, was declared to be “ along Connecticut river, thence down along the the middle of the said river, into lake Onmiddle of that river to the forty-fifth de-tario, through the middle of said lake, gree of north latitude ; thence by a line until it strikes the communication by due west on said latitude, until it strikes water, between that lake, and lake the river Iroquois or Cataraguy, las not Erie, thence along the middle of the yet been surveyed: it is agreed, that für said communication in the lake Erie, these several purposes, two Commissioners shall be appointed, „sworn, and al
(To be continued.)
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