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be to the agents of the United States, who
such ribes or nations shall agree to desist from all respectively appointed and authorised to manage hostilities against his Britannic Majesty, and his the bosiness on behalf of their respective govern- ubjects, upon ihe ratification of the present treaty ments. The said Commissioners shall be respectively
being nolified to such tribes or nations, and shall so
Jesist accordingly. paid in such manner as shall be agreed between the
Art. 10. Whereas the traffic in slares is irretwo contracting parties, such agreement being to be sentied at the time of the exchange of the ratifi. concileable with ihe principles of humanity and cations of this treaty. And all other expenses a: justice, and whereas botin his Majesty and the tending the said Commissioners shall be defrayed
United States are desirous of continuing their ef. equally by the two parties. And in case of death, forts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby sickness, resignatiou, or vecessary absence, the
agreed that bobilie contracting parties shall usa ,
their best endeavours to accomplish so desirable place of
such Commissioner respectively
every shall be supplied in the same manner as such Com
an object. missioner was appointed, and the new Cuinmissioner
Art. 11. This treaty, when the same shall have
been ratified on both sides, without alteration shall take the same oath or affirio ation, and do the saine duties. It is furtber agreed between the by either of the contracting parties, and the ratiiwo contracting parties, that in case any of the fications mutually exchanged, shall be binding islands mentioned in any of the preceding articles,
on both parties; and the ratififications shall, which were in the possession of one of the parties be eschanged at Washington, in the space of four
months from this day, or sooner if practicable. prior to the commencement of the present war
In faith whereof, we the respective Plenipoten. between the two countries, should, by the decision of any of ide Boards of Commissioners aforesaid, tiaries have signed this treaty, and have thereun:o
affixed our seals. or of the sovereign or state so referred 10, as in the
Done in triplicate, at Ghent, the 24th day of four next preceding articles contained, fall within the dominions of the other party, all grants of
December, 1814. land roade previous to the commencement of the
(L. S.) GAMBIER, (L. S.) Honty GOULBUNX. war, by the party having had such possession, (L. S.) William Adamo, (L. S.) Jouw. QUINCi shall be as ralid ng if such island or islands, had | Adana, (LS.) J. A. Bayard, H. Clay, (L. S.) by such decision or decisions, been adjudged to be Jona. RussiLL, (L. S ) ALBERT GALIATIN. within the dominions of the party having had soch
Now, therefore, to the end that the said possession. Art. 9. The United States of America engage
treaty of peace and amity may be obto put an end immediately after the ratification of the United States, 1, James Madison,
erved, with good faith on the part of the present treaty to hostilities with all the tribes president as aforesaid, have caused the or nations of Indians, with whom they may be premises to be made public; and I do at war at the time of such ratification ; und forth- hereby enjoin all persons bearing office, with 10 restore 10 such tribes or nations, respectively, civil or military, within the United States, all the possessions, rights and privileges, which and all others, cititens or inhabitants they may hare enjoyed or been entitled to in 1811, thereof, or being within the same, faithprevious to such livsilities; provided always, that fully to observe and fulfil the said treaty, uch tribes or nations shall agree to desist from and every clause and article thereof,-In ali hostilities, against the United Scates of Ame testimony whereof, I have caused the rica, their citizens and subjects, upon the ratifi- seal of the United States to be affixed cation of the present treaty being notified 10 such to these presents, and signed the same tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly, with my hand. Done at the City of And his Britannic Majesty engages, on his part, to Washington, this eighteenth day of Feput an end immediately after the ratification of bruary, in the year of our Lord one thouthe present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes sand eight hundred and fifteen, and of or nations of Indians with whom he may be at the sovereignty and independence of the war at the time of such ratification, and forthwith United States the thirty-ninth. to resture 10 such tribes or nations, respectively,
JAMES MADISON, all the possessions, rights, and privileges, which
By the President, They may have enjoyed or been entitled to, in 1811, previous to such hostilities; provided always, that JAMES MUNRO, Acting Secretary of State.
Printed and Published by G. Houston: No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to
Editor are requested to be forwarded.
VOL. XXVII. No. 13.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 1, 1815.
[ Price ls.
[ 386 PEACE! PEACE!
put down James Madison, and " DELI. VERED THE WORLD of the exis
tence of that EXAMPLE of the success TO LORD CASTLEREAGH,
of DEMOCRATIC REBELLION.” “No MY LORD
peace with Madison," was their cry.
Kill! kill ! keep killing, till he is put down, The grand event, which has just taken in like manner as Napoleon is put down! place in France, and which is so well cal. This was their incessant cry. And, in cuilated to convince all mankind of the a short time after Napoleon was exiled folly as well, as the injustice, of using fo- to the Isle of Elba, these literary Cossacks reign force for the purpose of dictating published a paragraph, which they into a great nation who they shall have serted in the report of the debates in the for their rulers, or what shall be the form House of Commons, as the report of the of their Government; this grand event, speech of SIR JOSEPH YORKE, then instead of producing such conviction in and now one of the Lords of the Admi the minds of those persons connected ralty, in the following words; to wit. with the London Newspapers, Maga-"SIR J. YORKE observed, that although zines and Reviews, who are called Cos" one great enemy
country, Bonasack writers ; so far from producing such parte, had been deposed, there was conviction in their minds, this grand “ another gentleman whose DEPOSITI. event seems to have made them more “ ON was also necessary to our interest;eaper than ever for interference in the - he meant Mr. President Madison ; domestic affairs of France; and, wbile " and with a view to THAT DEPOSIthe cries of our countrymen at New Or- TION, a considerable naval force must krans are yet vibrating on our ears, these “ be kept up, especially in the Atlantic. men are endeavouring to urge you and “ But as to his honorable friend's opiniyourcolleagues on to the sending of thon on respecting the reduction of the sands upou thousands more of our men, Navy, he wished it to be copsidered and to expend hundreds of millions more " that a number of shipping were emof our money, in order to overset'a Go- ployed in conveying French prisoners vernment which the French nation love, “ to France, and bringing home our own and to compel them to submit to one “ countrymen. So much for the necuwhich they hate, or, at least, despise, pation of our navy on the home statifrom the bottom of their hearts, and with « on.-But from the Mediterranean for in, au unanimity absolutely unparalleled. stance, several three deckers were or
Niy Lord, if ny advice had been fol- “ dered home, and he could swear that lowed, we should have had no American " no practical exertion would be remitted War; the 20 or 30,000 mev and the 50 “ to reduce the expence of our Naval or 60 millions of money, which that un- Department.” fortunate war has cost us, and which With what shame! with what sorrow, lave only, as it turns out, created an would these writers, if they had not lost American Navy, and exalted the Repub- all sense of shame, and all feeling for their lic amongst the nations of the world, country, now look back on their conduct would all have been saved. The literary at the time to which I am referring! In('ossacks of London, were, I verily be- stead, however, of feeling shame for that lieve, the chief cause of that war. They conduct, they are now acting the same sirgesi you and your colleagues on to the part over again; they are now reviving all destruction of ihe American FORM OF iheir old calumpies against the Emperor GOVERNMENT. Napoleon being, as Napoleon ; they are abusing the French they thought, down, never to rise again, arniy and the French people ; they are they urged you to make war, till you had bestowing on them appellations almost
too infamous to be repeated; and they | pentine River, the crawling worshippers
were not alive to witness, and to paryour colleagues have found it necessary ticipate in the general joy at the triot make a treaty of peace and amity with umph of their principles." I am aware Mr. Madison, whom they called a traitor of the situation of those (amongst whom and a rebel; but, these men are of that is the Chancellor of the Exchequer) description of fools to wbom experience who have so recently eulogized the Incannot teach wisdom, and they are now come, or Property Tax, upon the ground repeating their cry, no peace with Napo- of the complete triumph' wbich it had leon: no peace till the Bourbons are enabled us to obtain over Napoleon, and again on the throne of France; war with of the fair prospect which it had given the French until they adopt a ruler in us of a long and prosperous peace. I am, whom we have confidence.
above all, aware of the feelings of yourThere is something so vnjust in this self, my Lord, who liave acted so high a proposition : something so savage in the part in the exiling of Napoleon, who very idea of making war for such a pur- have been so loudly cheered on that ac. pose: something so arrogant, so impu- count; who, afier detailing the n? dent, so insolent, that, were it not for views and proceedings of the different the impotence of the persons who make it, powers at the Congress of Vienna, ioiu it could not fail to fill every Frenchman's the House of Commons, on MONDAY, breast with indignation inexpressible. the 20th of this ronth of March, that Nevertheless, having seen the citect of our great, and enormous sacrificēs bad the writings of these men as to the Ame- purchased a fair prospect of happy tranrican War; having seen how completely quillity for us and for Europe, for twenty they succeeded in causing the people of years to come: and who learnt, on the ·England to believe, tliat it was just and NEXT WEDNESDAY, that Napoleon wise to make war for the purpose of was again at the head of the French nadeposing MR. MADISON, there is reason tion, Louis le Desire, having already to fear, that their present labours will reached Abbeville on his way out of not be wholly ineffectual: that, indiced, France ! I am well aware of the existence it is possible, that they may agvin suc- and of the powerful effect of all these ceed in their mischievous objects: and, feelings : but, still I do not abandon the therefore, I shall endeavour to shew, hope, that the disappointment, the morthat the war, which they recommend, tification, the shame, the blind rage of would be injust and hateful in its ob the herd of Napoleon's haters will not be jects, and, in its consequences, likely to able to induce you and your colleagues be fatal to our country,
to listen to the dictates of passion inI am aware, my Lord, of the morii stead of those of reason, and to plunge fication which is now felt in England : 1 your country into 3 new and faial war. am aware of the acuteness of the sting: There are too objects very distinct, for I see how difficult it must be for the re- which the literary Cossacks are calling joicers of April last, the wearers of laun for war: the first is, to put down and rel and white cockades, the roasters of destroy Napoleon and to compel the oxen, the saloters (female as well as French people to submit to the Lourmale) of Old Bitcoin, and the “ Gallant bons: the second is, 10 secure Belgium to
the Temple in the new king of the Netherlands, who, the Grlom
Jere af the Ser I only ou the both of this present mouth,
took upon himself, formally, the sove-, they opposed him. This step enraged the reignty of the Belgian provinces. I am people; they soon after put the king and against war for either of these objects. queen to death. They marched against I think, that, for neither of them, nor for the Duke of Brunswick and hisGermans; both together, we ought to go to war; / beat them, and began that series of conand, I now proceed to state the reasons quests, which have made France so upon which that opinion is founded. famous and so much feared in the world.
As to the first of these proposed ob- It is well known, that divers changes in jects of war, the case is this. For more the internal government of France had than a century, the French people had taken place previously to the time when been objects of contempt with the people Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor of of England, because the former patiently that country. It is also well known, that submitted to arbitrary and oppressive he was exiled in April 1814; and, that, government, ecclesiastical as well as civil. while the Capital of France was occupied I appeal, not to our songs and theatrical by an army of Austrians, Prussians and pieces (though no bad criterion), nor to Russians, subsidized by us, the eldest our paintings and prints; but, to the brother of the late king of France was most approved historical, political, and brought to Paris from England, put moral writings in our language, and to upon the throne, and made ruler of the speeches in both Houses of Parlia- France instead of Napoleon. ment. I appeal to these for proof of Now, then, my lord, let us take a view the fact ; that, up to the year 1789, the of our conduct, throughỉ this series of English nation held the French nation in years, as far as relates to the internal contempt on account of their patient sub- government of France. At the out-set, mission to an arbitrary king, who could the French expected us to be the first imprison or exile any of them at pleasure, people on earth to congratulate them and to a cormorant priesthood, who, in on their newly-acquired freedom, and a great degree, devoured the fruit of men's the very last in the world to find fault labour. In short, it is notorious, that, with them for over-stepping the real previous to the year 1789, Frenchman bounds of liberty. They soon found and Slave and even Coward were, in the their mistake; for, Mr. Burke, whose minds of Englishnen, almost synonymous profound wisdom the Chancellor of the terms. In 1789, the French nation began Exchequer has, within a few weeks, so to make a change, or revolution, in their highly extolled, attacked the French peoGovernment, and expressed their deter- ple, in speeches in Parliament and in inination to have perfect freedom. Be- pamphlets, so early as 1791, two years tween the beginning of this year and the before the king was put to death. Mr. summer of 1791, many schemes of Go- Burke called upon England and all vernment were proposed : and, at last, other powers of Europe to make war one was agreed on and formally accepted upon the French people; and, Mr. Burke, by the king. But, in spite of the king's soon after this, had a pension granted acceptance, his BROTHERS, Louis le him of 3,000 pounds sterling a year. Desire, and the Comte d'Artois, together When France was invaded in 1792, with the other Princes of the family, went and a great emigration took place from out of France, and, from places on the that country, the emigrant nobles and borders of that kingdom, issued their priests were received in no country with protests agaiust the King's acceptance of so much kindness as in England: and, it the Constitution. In these protests they is notorious, that we paid them pensions declared their resolution to overset the from that time to the time of their death, constitution by force of arms if they or their return last year. It is equally could, and if force should be necessary, notorious, that we have employed many At length, in 1792, the Emperor of Ger- of these emigrants, as officers, or solmany and the King of Prussia marched diers, in our wars against France. an army into France, under the late Duke When we began our first war, in 1793,we of Brunswick, who issued a proclamation, professed to have no desire to interfere in stating it to be his intention to“ restore the internal government of France. We “the king of France to his legitimate complained of her disorganizing princi“power,” and threatening to inflict on ples, which, we said, threatened the the people the most terrible punishments if overthrow of all regular gorernunents ; ånd, that, therefore, our war against her people of France, whom we represent as was a war of self-defence. Of late years, suttering all sorts of oppression under our tone has been wholly changed. We bin. We represent the conscripts dragno longer talk of the disorganizing prin- ged in chains to his armies; we represent ciples of the French. On the contrary, the land as become fruitless for the we have, of late years, represented them want of tillage; we represent tlie d'iscouas living under a most horrible despotism. solate fathers and mothers rending the We have been constantly talking of the skies with execration on the marderer of iron sceptre of Napoleon, and pitying their beloved children ; we represent the the poor wretches who lived under it. country as being full of Bastiles and these It was not against the French people, filled with prisoners like the dungeons of we said, that we were making war: but the Inquisition. These representation's against the “ tyrant, ” as we called liim, the far greater part of the people of Engwho had loaded them with chains, and land really believe; and they rejoice at to free the poor creatures from which bis fall and his exile. Well, le voilà chains was one of the benign objects exilé! It is done. He is exiled. The for which we and our allies, the Russians Bourbons are restored. We are immediand Germans marched into France. ately told, that all France is happy; that
How stands the case, then? Up to the thie government of Louis le Desiré is a year 1788 inclusive we despise the peo- "paternal" government; that law, religiple of France, because they are slaves, on, liberty aud happiness are restored to a under the reign of the Bourbons. When people, so loug oppressed. The Bourbonsi they throw off the authority of the Bour- have we government in their hands for bons, we call them anarchists and robots.
a year; they pass laws, make a new conWhen they choose an Emperor, we stitutiou, grant rewards, appoint officers, again call them. slaves :, and when we reorganize the army, garrison all the succeed at last by the aid of an immense towns, have all the treasure and all the arıny of Russians and Germans, in put power of thiät vast and pepolous country ting the Bourbons on the throne again, in their hands; and, at the end of the year we say, that we have restored them to Napoleon lands with eleven hundred men, liberty. Now, my Lord, if I were to the people flock around bin in every di . grant this latter assertion to be true, 1rection, he proceeds along the great road slould not be less disposed to object to 500 miles from Cannes to Paris, and a war for the second restoration of the though proclamations, decrees and orders, Bourbons: because the French people and promises of inimense rewards are themselves are the best judges of the poured forth against his life, not a single sort of ruler that they shall have, and man does all France contain to hold up because it is now impossible to deny, a hand against him! and, amidst the acthat their choice is in
favour of clamations of millions, be comes, without Napoleon.
a sword to proteet him, to resume kis If, indeed, Napoleon bad landed with authority! Ah! my Lord, feel as we will; a numerous army: if, hy any extraor- say what we wil, this is the grandslinary means, a considerable army had est, the most magnificent spectacle, that been prepared to join him on his land- ever presented itself for the contemplaing: if there bad existed' an insurrec- tion of the human mind: tion in the country previous to, or on Of all the triumphis that TRUTH ever
g: in either of these ca-es, obtained, this is the most signal. For there might have been doubt with eleven years almost all the presses of: regard to the free sentiments of the peo England, and, indeed, of the greater part ple; liut, the country is perfectly qniet; of Europe; half the presses oi America; no rising, no disturbances, any where; the makers of barangues; the political the whole country is in the hands of preachers, were at work to cause it to Louis's officers; civil and military; and be believed, that Napoleon was the cruelNapoleon lands and rides ou to the Capi- est tyrant that ever blackened the page tai, not only without an army, but in as of history; and, since his fall, the calumdetenceless à condition as if he had been nies whicli have been pointed out on bim a private gentleman coming home to buis by the presses and the speechmakers of estate. for eleven long years we repre England, Germany, and France, exceed, sent him as hated and detested by the periaps, all that were ever uttered before