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gone on from step to step, till, at last, we, It is well known to your Lorilship, that jeally seen to conceit ourselves a greater the rejoicing of the people at the late military than we are a naval power. Too peace arose chiefly from the hope of their many amongst us seem to kok with sor- being relieved from the long-endured bur
on any thing which shall deprive ders of the war. It is well known to us of all excuse for keeping up a great you, that, even in peace, our resources,
army. Never was there seea so much without the war taxes are insufficient. It • reluctance to lay asirie the gorget and the is well known to you, that loans are in
sash. We have fillen into a set of no contemplation to supply, in part, in peace, tions quite foreign from all our former the absence of the Properly Tax. What, notions. We are military-mad; and, in then, is to be the fate of ile fund-holder, tie inidst of the rage, we
seem almost it a new war is now to be cur lot? 10 forget the feet, the defence which rea- However, I perceive, and I perceive it son and nature so clearly point out to us. with indignation, that there are persons,
Coutinental connexions, against which who are willing to sacrifice even the fundour forefathers were so anxious to guard, holders, to send them forth to bey, to
now really sought after with eager- spread general ruin and misery over the ness; and, indeeri, tui oi the notion that country, rather than not enter into a new it was me, who reduceri France, we seem I have seen the following alarning to think it necessary, that we should be words, printed in a very conspicuous come almost an integral part of the con- manner in the COURIER New paper of tinent. To defend the kingdom of lan- Tuesday läst. They are words which over, we must first defend the King of every man in England ought to see ; and zile Neiherlands. To celend the king, which onght to draw forth the unanimous dom of the Netherlands we must con- voice of the people, in a constitutional stantly keep a large array on foot in the manner, against entering upon any war, Netherkuls, and more iroops ready to not absoluely necessary to the safety of go to the assistance of that army. That the couniry and His Majesty's crown. country must always be filled wiih troops “ In contemplating so great an evil, as in our pay, in peace, or in war. And, is
any circumstances must be, this nation in a state to support such an though it may be a blessing by comexpense ?
“parison, our means of maintaining the Shall I be told, that no peace can be “ contest should be consilered. And safe which leaves Belgium in the hands “ first, the war, independent of its jusci France? You, my Lord, will hardly “ tice and necessity, will have the public tell me so, who defended the peace of “ voice on its side, even more than in Amiens, which left Belgium in the hands - France it can have. Our naval and of France; nor will the Earl of Liverpool, “ military men with their connexions,
, who made that creaty, and who contend- forming nearly as large though not so eil, in its defence, that the extension of “absolute a part of the governing class territory which France had gained had “ of society, will meet
with nudi rendered her more formidable to us. “ smiles. Our landed gentry and forCome back, then, to your former doc- "niers will secretly welcome it, as it brought trines : disclaim all connexion with a con- “ them so much profit before. Our shiptinent where we never can bave power ping and commercial interests it will, as without the ruin of this island; and then hitherto, favour, while our navy secures we shall have peace; the fund-holders " us the sorereignty of the seas. Our will be paid; our feet will still be our “artizans and labourers had their wages bulwark: we shall prosper and shall be “ raised during the late contest. Even as great as France.
our manufactures will prosper, with But, if war is again to be our lot; if we “ the Continent of Europe and America are to send out armies to fight amidst the open.-ANNUITANTS will, indeed, fortresses of Belgium ; if millions are to super by the progress of taxation: but be expended in the kingdoms of the No " that is the consequence of their laking
“ therlands and of Hanover: if a war with- “ themselves out oj the circle of activity, out prospect of termination; and almost of productive wealth, and of national without a clearly defined object is to be prosperity. In the revolutions of proour lot, whence are the means to come ? perty the DRONES OF THE STATE What new sufferings are in store for us? WILL NATURALLY FALL TO
“ THE BOTTOM. The nation has rise to a thousand thoughts in the mind
prospered under a war, and may do so of your Lordsliip? Do you not see the
again, notwithstanding the predictions rising navy in the mouths of the Susos of croakers a thousand times falsified. queanah air theiludson - In short, what “ Internally Britain has enjoyed perfect Englisman can look that way without
tranquillity, improvements and riches alarm? It is well known, that our com
encreasing in every part. If war then merce and shipping, during the last war, * be forced upon us, let us weigh the ad. were supported by the restrictions, which
vantages as well as the disadvantages our navy enableil us to impose on the “ with which we shall enter upon the commerce and pavigation of neutrals, “contest. The only ground of uneasi- and especially on those of America. It is
ness will be in our FINANCES ; but well known, that, bad we not claimed “ these with a prudcnt and skillul ma- the sea as our own, and exercised our
nagement may be made, with their power there accordingly, our counmerce “ usual ELASTICITY, to adapt them and navigation must have dwindled into “ selves to the occasions, as they arise.” a very small compass, and that those of
Such, my lord, is the language of the America would have been swelled to an great partizans of war. You see, they enormolis size, while France, open to are already paving the way for a seizure the shipping and commerce of America, of the funded property by stigmatizing would liave experienced little injury from the owners
as DRONES OF THE the power of our navy. STATE, whose fall to the bottom they Well, then, is it to be believed, when seem to contemplate without llie smallest
we look at the progress and conclusion degree of pain or inquietude. In short, of the American war, that we shall again rather than not gratify their vindictive uítempt those restrictions on lier comfeelings against the ruler and the people merce and navigation ? This is not to of France, they seem perfectly ready to be believed ; and, if we were to aitempt involve England in all the miseries of them, is it to be believed, that we should
! Revolution; for, I am sure your lord- not instantly find America a party in the ship wants nothing from me to convince war against us? The late event in you, that the measures here plainly hint-France, will excite, in America, joy 113ed at would plunge the country into bounded, and especially amongst those general confusion and blood-shed.
against whom the malicious shatis of the Whether the public voice "will be editors of our newspapers were levelled. for wer we shall, probably, soon see, When they hear these men describe Nabui, who would liave expected to hear poleon as a iruiter and a ribel,” they those, who are accusing Napoleon of a will recollect, that the very same design to go to war to gratify his army, described the President, ileir constiturging you to go to war, because war tional Chief Magistrale, as a traitor and will please our naval and military men!“ a rebel,” and that ibey called upon his and because (as it is falsely asserted) fellow citizens, who had freely chosen war will gratily the cupidity of land. him, to depose him and kill him. The holders, farmers, ship owners, merchants, | Americans, my Lord, are not to be made and manufacturers : Was there ever be- believe, that Napoleon las forced himself fore urged such reasons in justification upon the French ration, they are not of war?
to be made believe, that he has none But, my lord, long as this address to but the army on his side ; they are not you already is, there is one view of this to be made believe, that he is merely impending danger, to which I must yet the liead of “ a bund of Janisaries;” they beg leave to call your serious attention. are not to be made believe, that, with a It is said, that«
war will, as hitherto mere handful of soldiers, he could have “ favour our shipping and commercial marched fiem Cannes to Paris, unless he “ interests, while our navy secures us had been the mun of the people; tliey are “ the sovereignty of the And, not to be made believe, that the Bourafterwards, it is said, that our “ Manu- bons would liave tied froin a throne and “ facturers will prosper with the conti- from the sovereignty over 30 millions of “ nent of Europe and America open.” people, unless they had been convincert,
Does not the very name of America, that that people were on ile side of Nacoupled with that of war in Europe, give polçon; they are not to be made
believe all, or any, of these things; but, I him; that they called upon the people they will see, in this event, a proof of the to kill him. They will remember, that fact, of which fact some of them before even the Prime Minister, in his place, doubtell, that Napoleon reigas in virtue stated, that, from the kind treatment of of the love and the choice of the French our prisoners of war in America, it apnation.
peared that a part, at least, of the peoThe American Government will, for a ple of that country wished to put themwhile, at least, be disposed to remain at selves under his Majesty's protection. peace with us; but we may be well as They will be well convinced, that from sured, that it will never again sulmit utter ruin and subjugation they have to any restrictions on its commerce and been preserved by the wisdom of their navigation, not warranted by the well-Government, the patriotism' of themknown and universally acknowledged law selves, and the skill and bravery of their of nations; and, it would not be at all navy and army ; and not by any forsurprising, if it should lean very strongly bearance on our part. In short, when towards France, if we were to make war we look back to what has passed during upon the latter for the purpose of dic- the last year, oan we, if we go to war tating a Government to her in direct op with Napoleon, suppose it wonderful position to her will, now so clearly de- if the Americans prepare themselves imclared.
mediately for taking any advantage of Here, therefore, is a difficulty, which any circumstances, which that war might we had not to contend with in the last offer, to deal us such a blow as would, war, These prizes, which this writer for ever after, put it out of our power to holds out as a bait to our naval officors bring their independence into danger ? and their connexions, would not be so The return of Napoleon will necessa
Indeed they would be very rily produce great satisfaction in Amefew in number. The commerce of France rica; because, the Bourbons were essenwould, to a great extent, be carried on tially her enemies. Talleyrand had lent in American sbipsAmerica would be his aid to the annihilation of the last of the carrier for both nations. The increase Republics in Europe. All Europe seemed of her navigation would signify nothing to be bound down for ever, or at least, at all to France ; indeed, France would for ages, within the lines and limits of rejoice at it, because it would be tre- the monarchs at Vienna. They and mendously dangerous to us.
their ministers, without reference to the Let no fatterer persuade your Lord wishes of any body of people, inhabiting ship, that the Americans are to be either any of the transferred countries, had diswheedled or corrupted. They love peace; posed of the whole at their will. All but they are a wise people, and they the ligatures were prepared and put in will well know, that they must provide their places, the tying of the last knot for war.
The last year has taught them, being all that was wanted. Your Lordthat they must depend solely on their ship says, that this was done with the arms. They will remember the flames at sole view of insuring long tranquillity and Frenchtown, Stonington and Washing happiness to Europe. i' dare say it was ; ton. They will remember their sufferings but different men view the same transacfrom the hands of our Indian allies. tions in a different light. America would 'They will remember our considering their see this grand work with great pain ; naturalized citizens as traitors. But, and, of course she would rejoice at that above all things, they will remember this event which, in a moment, lias snapped that, the moment Napoleon was down, all the ligatures and blown them to the and we had no enemy to contend with winds.
Our great naval power, and esin Europe, our newspapers inculcated the pecially the disposition which we have necessity of subduing America ; of evinced to use that power, when occasion punishing her ; of destroying her form offered, against the commerce, the shipof Government ; of dividing her States ; ping, and even the soil of America, will of getting rid of this example of the suc naturally induce lier to wish to see us encess of Democratic rebellion. They will feebled. It will be impossible for an remember, too, that our presses
called American to look back to the flames of their President a traitor and a rebel ; Washington and the plunder of Alesanthat they vowed never to have peace with dria, without wishing carnestly to see our
power reduced. And, in this temper of "and a rebel;" they call him, just as they mind, is it not to be feared, is it not to called Mr. MADISON, impostor, liar, be expected, that, if we are at war with villain, slave, felon, coward, and insist Napoleon only a few years, some occa- that he ought to be considered as out sion will be seized on by America to as of the pale of all legal protection. sist in reducing us to a state which will They call upon all the world to come relieve her from all future apprehensions and scourge the French nation whom of hostility from us ? Napoleon, who has they call thieves, slaves, blood-hounds, now seen of what stuff America is made, murderers, kill-kings, and every thing of what importance she is, and of what else that is abominable. It is imposgreater importance she will be, and sible that this language of our press must be, in the world, will take special should not produce a great and lastcare to cherish her friendship, to gratifying miscbiet. Indeed, there is good her merchants and traders, to treat her reason to believe, that these writers Goverumet with respect. America have, in no small degree, contributed and France have no objects of rival towards tlie facilitating of Napoleon's ship. Neither is afraid of the other. return. They have been continually The products of one are wanted by the holding up our army as the conquerors other. The growth of the power of each of France; they have incessantly latends to tlie good of both. Botlı, from boured 10 vilify all those who shone in unliappy circumstances and events, are the French army; they have been marthe bitter enemies of England; and, if | king men out for vengeance as Jacobins, we go to war with France, at this time, Regicides, &c. they have been recomand without such grounds as shall justify mending and applauding every measure, war in die eyes of all the world, have we tending in re-exalt the emigrants and 10 not reason to fear, that we shall have shake the property of the few proprieAmerica also fór an enemy.
tors. It was they who first urged the My Lord, in conclusion, let me beg of resicration to the noblesse of the national you to observe what mighty mischief has lomains which remained unsold, a meabeen done by the vile men, who conduct sure which could not be regarded as the principal of our London Newspapers. any thing less than a preliminary step In America, where our language is tlie to ibe ousting of the whole of the new language of the country, all our threats proprietors; a measure against which I have been repeated through a thousand repeatedly cautioned the King; a meachannels. There is not a single man, or sure, which, perhaps, more than any boy of ten years of age, in all that vast other, has contributed to his overthrow. country, who has not read the outrageous Then, my Lord, the falsehoods of these abuse and the insolent and bloody de- men. Their wilful talsehoods. Tbeira nunciations of the Times newspaper impudent fabrications. Their disgrace to against the President, the Congress, the the press, to literature, to the country, People of America. Not a soul of them is now manifest' to all men. It is to the has failed to see their commtry marked out readers, the silly or malicious pupils, of for plunder and subjugation; themselves these wicked men that the French peofür chastisement, or, in the words of wise ple have offered ridicule, scorn and inCurtis, for “a confounded good flog sult in this hour of the people's triumph. “ging;” their President as a man to be one of these pupils, in the Courier * deposed," being "a'truitor and a rebel.” of Tuesday last writes from Brighton Thus have been implanted in the minds bus : • The only persons in France of a people not given to passion, the “ who appear in trouble about this feelings of hatred and revenge ; feelings" event are the poor English. The roads which cannot be eradicated for many are covered with them ---their despeyears ; feelings which must exist dur-" rate haste--their melancholy faces--ing the present generation ; feelings which 6 and their bad French-all serve to bave already produced, and which must “ excite the risibility of the people of continue to produce, incalculable mis- • France as they post through their chief to our country. At the present country. I can assure you that they moment, these same vile men, are pro- are not sparing of their insolence and ceeding in precisely · the same course. ridicule, nor do they forget to charge They denominate Napolcon "a iraiior “ you for what you take. I stopped at
a small inn for a few minutes, about Feeble as my pen is, when compared “ 25 miles from Dieppe; at the door there with your hereulean labours, and the
crowds of persons amusing powerful energies of your mind, I feel it themselves with remarks upon the to be my duty to raise my voice, at this
English passengers. The news just awful moment, against the prosecntion of " then arrived of Bonaparte's approach measures which have already proved so " to Paris, and probable entry in a few fatal to our national prosperity, 'that, “ hours--all was vehemence and confu- in place of Great Britain now occupying “ sion, and inbounded joy expressed. the proud eminence, from which she e “ Notre Empereuer," * Napoleon," commanded the homage of nations, she
Napoleon le Grand," appeared to elec- appears, alas! to be fast verging to a state
trily and fill their hearts with joy.” of irretrievable ruin, and to have become --Here, then, my Lord, in spite of all an object of contempt amongst those their fabrications, peops out the fact, who formerly envied her greatness. that THE PEOPLE rt France as well as Whal a terrible, what a useful lesson las the army are filled with joy at Napoleon's the American war tanght our rulers, if return. And why should the · poor they are at all capable of being taught “ English be in trouble and have melan- by misfortunes !--Only a few short
chely faces” at this event ? Strange in- months before, they formed the resolutideed, that they should sorrow for them on of overthrowing democracy, of exselves! It is their annoyance; it is their tinguishing republicanism or the other inzoleuce, which has thus been repaid side the Atlantic, we had acquired the with riricale and scom. They bad the renown of having defeated, in numeaudacity, to look upon France as a sort rois battles, the soldiers of a nation of colony of England; and in their sorrow, that had, for twenty years, overawed the their melancholy faces, at Napoleon's re- Continent of Europe, and that had dicturn, ile people of France saw no feeble tated terms, in their very capitals, to all proof, that that return was for the good its sovereigns, who considered themand for the honour of France.
selves happy in being permitted to bold Thus, my Lord, have I given you my
their crowns by the suffrance of the reasons for objecting to a war with victors. Not only so, but to our powerFrance, either for the purpose of restor- ful exertions, it was owing that the greating the Bourbons, or for that of securing est captain of the age, the man who Belgium to the new King of the Nether- could boast that victory bad never delands. I do not, I must confess, enter- serted his standard, was so completely taip very sanguine hopes, that this my subdued as to seek for safety in retireadvice will be attended with better suc- ment, leaving the field of battle, the cess than that which I offered as to the scene of all bis glory, and that of the commencement and prolongation of the people who had so long exulted in his unfortunate and disgraceful war against and their triumphs, in our full and unthe American States; and, if, in spite of disputed possession! What an elevated, wliat I deem the plain dictates of sense rank to hold in the scale of nations! and reason and love of country, this What an enviable situation ! Had the helma new war is to be waged, I have only to of the State been guided by pruadd my sincere wishes, that my predicdence; had moderation influenced tions may not, in this case, as in the for- our national councils, we never could mer, be so completely fulfilled.
have been driven from this lofty
pinnacle. Ages might have passed I am, &c. WM.COBBETT.
away, but Great Britain would have Botley, 30th March, 1817.
remained the admiration and the envy
of the world. Pride, hatred and ambiWAP WITH FRANCE.
tion has subverted the stately fabric.
Nothing would satisfy us but the overMr. CORBETT.-The praiseworthy, throw of American independence. In the patriotic and honourable exertions place of attributing our successes here wirich you are now making, to avert the to a fortunate concurrence of circumcalamities consequent on a renewal of stances, we fancied ourselves invincible.
with France, call for the sup-We entered the contest vaunting of our I every real friend to his country. omnipotence. We despised the enemy