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that the Bourbons should be welcome previous to the revolution, the property guests in France, because their presence of the Crown, the Noblesse, and the there menaced the whole nation with ruin. Church, the exceptions being so insignifi

The people of England, many of whotn cant as to be almost unworthy of notice. are now for rushing headlong into a war We seem to have forgotten, that all the for the purpose of again restoring you by property of the crown: all the property force of arms, know though they appear of the Churchi, even to the very Churches determined not to know,any thing of this, and Church Yards in many cases; and the greatest of all the obstacles to the a great part of the property of the Nosuccess of such a project. Nor is this so blesse, was confiscated, and was sold to very wonderful, when there have been individuals. We seem to have forgotten, found the means of persuading you, that that the houses and land of the whole it was practible. The truth is, that, country thus came into the hands of new where powerful interests are opposed to owners, and that the land was sold in such reason, though the latter be clear as the small parcels and under such circumstannoon-day Sun, the former generally pre- ces so very advantageous to the purchavail in deciding men's opinions. It is, sers, that a great part of the labouring mer therefore, not at all surprising, that the became proprietors of land. We seem to Noblesse of France should still have be- have forgotten, that the titles to these Jeived, that the people of that great coun- innumerable estates rest solely upon the try were to be brought, if not to submit legality of the sales and upon the due to their former vassalage, at least, to yield execution of the laws passed by the Natiup their estates. They will, I dare say, onal Assemblies and by Napoleon and like the STUARTS, live along, generation his Legislative Bodies. We seem to have after generation, in the indulgence of this forgotten, that to call the legality of these ridiculous belief; but, I am persuaded, acts in question is to shake the titles of that it will soon be discovered by the the whole of these proprietors. people of England, and especially by the If we had not compleatly forgotten all great holders of our Funded Debt, that these things, we should not have been their fortunes ought not to be expeoded surprized, that the people were alarmed in so foolish and so wicked an adventure. at seeing you begin dating your official

When the powerful class, to whom I acts in the NINETEENTH year of your have last more particularly alluded, shall reign, thereby clearly declaring by implihave brought to their aid in this discussion, cation, that all the laws passed since the not philanthrophy, not humanity, for, death of your brother were in fact, null though natives of their boscms, they are and void, whenever you chose to declare discarded in a question of war or peace them null and void. We should not have with France; but, when they shall have been surprized at the suspicions excited brought to their aid that common sense, by the conduct of the Clergy, some of unclouded by passion, which is their gnide whom talked of refusing absolution to in their private concerns, they will perceive persons who had purchased Church prothat another war for the purpose of perty. We should not have been surpriplacing the Bourbons upon the throne of zed at the general indignation arising from France is an undertaking, which, as long the dismissing of men from public employas the possesion of property is desirable ments because they or their relations held amongst men, can never succeed. property formerly belonging to theCrowy,

We have been so long accustomed to the Church, or the Noblesse, or from the talk about Napoleon only as the obstacle shutting out from the officers of the army to the restoration of your family; we have | all those against whom existed similar obspent so many years in invective against jections. We should not have been surhim and his revolutionary predecessors in prized at the general alarm and out-cry power, that, at last, we seem to have against the act for restoring, directly and wholly overlooked what has been going as matter of right, to the Noblesse, all on in the interior of France. We seem that part of this property not yet sold by to have forgoten, and we may be well ex- the nation, and which struck, at once, at cused for it seeing that you and your ad- the root of all the titles of the property visers appear to have forgotten it also; which had becs sold. We should not we;seem to have forgotten, that the wkole, not have been surprized at ...i,in of the houses aud lands of Frauce, were, short, we should not have been at all sur. prized at the return and at the cordial precisely the same basis as your right to and joyful reception of Napoleon, whose your crown. You were very careful not very presence put an end to all these to acknowledge, that you owed your alarnis and terrors which your restoration crown to the people. Setting aside the and the subsequent measures of your compliment to our Prince Regent, your government had spread tbrough every de declarations bore, that you derived your partment and parish in France.

crown from your ancestors and from Even if one could possibly suppose, Divine Providence; and, accordingly, that a whole nation would be indifferent you dated the commencement of your to the security of their property, the reign from the day of the death of your idea of the return of that property to its predecessor in the line or

kings. Now, ancient owners must have given rise to if what had passed, during the last twenty the linerid apprehension of a return of five years had, in ne degree, impaired all the ancient oppressions of the Feu- your rights, it was impossible that it dal System, under which the people of could bave impaired the rights of the that fine country were wretched slaves. Clergy and the Noblesse, which were If the estates returned, the seigneuries as ancient and as sacred as yours. would have returned ; for, such things If, in spite of the fair claim that these are never done by halves. Indeed, the two orders had upon you ; if you, firmly power which was found sufficient to dis- seated yourself, had disregarded these possess people of their landed property companions of your exile, or had pleaded would have been more than sutticient the public good for the abandonment of for every other purpose. And, when we those who had been proscribed along know, that the Feudal System sent thou, with yourself, they might, and they, sands of persons annually to the Galley! doubtless, would, have remiuded you of for offences now unknown to France; your protest, dated from Coblentz, in when we know that the petit Seigneurs 1791, in which you and the other were, in many instances, judges as well Princes of the Blood DENIED that as accusers; that the litigations and vex- Louis XVI bad any RIGHT to accept ations arising from their multifarious a Constitution which gave up the rights jurisdictions were endless; that justice of the Clergy and the Noblesse; that was almost openly bought and sold in gave up any of their rights, their tythes, their barbarous courts; and that, in their church-lands, or their feudal titles, many cases, their power extended to the privileges, or powers. These two Ortaking away of life itself. When we ders, therefore, might with perfect conknow all this, can we be surprized, that sistency, have charged you with having the people of France trembled at the violated your pledge to them, even as sound of any name connected with the things stood; and, at any rate, they had recolleetion of the Ancient Regime ? a right to demand of you to do every

It is not my design to insinuate, that thing in your power to smooth the way any blame rests on you for any of the for their restoration, your own having causes to which I ascribe your expulsion. been effected. To have dove less than I really do not blame

you

for any part of you did, must have exposed you to the them. If there were some things done execration of these Orders and to the contrary to your promise, it was evident contempt of mankind ; and yet you did to me, that you were unable to fulfil your a great deal too much to make your reign promise. And, if your Government was bearable to the people of France. taking great strides towards the restora- Thus, Sir, in the best defence of

your tion of the Noblesse and the Clergy in conduct, is found the proof that it was the possession of their property, it is very impossible for you to reign in France, clear, that you had not the power to pre- and also the proof, that your family never vent it; and, indeed (promises out of the can, except for a short time, and that, question), that you were bound to effect too, by the aid of a foreign force, reign such restoration, or to risk, at least, your in that country. The present French crown in the attempt.

are not only unlike the French of 1787, but The right of the Noblesse and of the they are precisely the opposite. They Clergy to their estates, to their privileges are of a new character. Their manners, and to all the feudal powers attached their habits, their miuds, all are changed. to their- tịtles and domains rested upon They never received... you. Lack.. You

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were put upon the throne while a foreign it was before. The principles they have force was stationed in the capital; and, to contend against are precisely the same. the moment they, had an opportunity | But the people of France are now in they expelled you. If, however, there actual possession of the fair fruits of those could have been any doubts upon this praciples. They are a changed people, subject before, there can be done now. Their state is prosperous. Beggary, If there were any persons weak enoug! poverty, servility, have been banished to believe, that it was possibie for you to para iheir soil. Those who have travel. return without the Noblesse and the led through France to witness ihe deClergy, that belief must now be at anstruction and misery, occasioned by the end; and, therefore, it appears very clear revolution, have returned and told us, to me; that any war, which shall tave that they could find no traces of either. your restoration, or that of any part of They have found healthy, decent, happy your family, in view, can produce nothing proprietors where they formerly saw but misery, a waste of money and a waste squalid and ragged slaves. From of lives.

“ DIEPPE to MONTPELLIER

says To make war upon France' for the Mr. BIRKBECK, we saw not one of purpose of compelling her to change her " those poor famished looking creatures, rulers is, however, what, I imagine, no “ who are to be seen in every parish, I nation in Europe will be weak enough“ had almost said, on every farm, in openly to avoy. And yet, what other England. All, we are told, bears real object can war against her the marks of morality, plenty, and haphave,it' she forbears from new aggressions? piness; and, when he asked ** what had Napoleon to all other traits of greatness become of the old miscrable peasantry," ir bis character has now added that he was told that they disappeared with which rarely falls to the lot of man, the fendal rights and the ancient regime. namely, to acknowledge his errors. He, This state of things, iherefore; renders after being long borne on the wings of the example of France infinitely more military glory; after seeing every conti- formidable than ever to those, if there be mental sovereign at his feet, has returned any such, who are, for whatever reasons, to the dictates of moderation and to the afraid of the eficers of that example. principles of freedom. The men, whom I am quite ready to acknowledge this; he has now called to his councils are the bul, who will attempt to justily a war very men, or the survivors of them, ät against France, lest the contagion of her least, who foundet! the Republic; who principles; lest ile contagion of her freebuilt all government is on the sovereignty dom and her happiness should extendof the people; who declared that rulers liseli beyond lier geographical limits? were made for nations, and not nations or years past we are told, by those who for rulers; who insisted, that all taxes bad contended for war against her prina were robberies, unless proceeding from iphs, that now bez preiples were no the people's con ent, and vic rejected wer to Le (reader, sceing thint tlie witii indizootiositie doctrine, that liri? Indii of them was carnage and misery. without writ constituted a clail to i Bul, 10 jouner do evenis crable os io superiority, except for thr side of the zee fur ourseives than we find, wit, public goou hereditar; succession was vibile se vas carrying her victorious tlonghi Decessari le chief of the arms tserery capital on the contient, state. Ohese bite the principles of the s'e was tourishing at home annidst the constitution wiichi yomtorturate bro- the imprevis aris of peace. {n} these ther accepted. Ar these are the prin- fucts, incin will daily become more ciples upon which Napóleoir yow regns: ane more notorist's, vider and wivier As in 1702, he disavows, in the niost explicit spreaci, there is, aksi confoss, cause, manner, alle views of foreign courquest, and very ample callse;for gratis to late unless first attacked. I would liope, for France, and to Wish 10' urge war against the sake of my country, 'that another ler to avoid a communes vion wit ber erusade against Jacoginisnt is not nos people. But, for dat very resor it is about to begia: and yet, I must say, the duty of every viend offer dom io that I four.

endea vow to prevent such war. If it is to be hegur; however, the cause I am, &c.&CW.CORBETT. of the crusaders is a more hopeless than April, ilti, 1810.

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THE REGENT'S MESSAGE. of our not going to war with France,

or in that country, if we should be Contrary to general expectation; contrary so 'nwise as to renew the contest, at least to the war-breathing and sanguin- and as it may be necessary to refer ary wishes of the conductors of our Cossack to it in future discussions, I has annexe newspapers; contrary to the views of ed a copy of it to this article. To me it the numerous herd of public contractors ; appears to favour the doctrine of assassicontrary to the anxious desires of naval nation; but I may be wrong in this opinion. and military promotion hunters ; but ex- Ministers have disclaimed this constructremely consolatory to my mind, and, 1 tion of it, and I am willing to give them trust, to the minds of all those who sin- credit for the disclaimation. In the Times cerely love their country, and wish the and Courier, however, the writers of these happiness of the human race; the Prince detestable papers have the audacity to Regent's Message to Parliament is not tell their readers, in direct opposition to a Declaration of War against France, the disavowal of ministers, that it was either for the overthrow of Napoleon, or the intention of the Allies to give Naporestoration of the Bourbons. The follow- leon up to the dagger of the assassin. ing is a copy:--George P. R. The Even so late as the 6th inst, the Courier “ Prince Regent, acting in the name and speaks of the Declaration as a measure by “ on the behalf of his Majesty, thinks which the sovereigns of Europe bave “ it right to inform the House of Comput him (Napoleon) out of the pale of

mons, that the events which have re- " the law, and SET A CAIN MARK UPON

cently occurred in France, in direct “ HIM." No language can be plainer contravention of the engagements con- than this. The denunciation upon Cain, “ cluded with the Allied Powers, at Paris, the murderer of his brother, as recorded " in the month of April last, and which in the Bible, was, a fugitive and a va“ threaten consequences highly dange- gabond shalt thou be on the earth;"

rous to the tranquillity and independ which Cain immediately interpreted thus, ence of Europe, have induced his

“ And it shall come to pass, that every Royal Highness to give directions for one that findeth me shall slay me." “ the augmentation of his Majesty's land It would seem, notwithstanding the atro“s and sea forces.- The Prince Regent city which this man had been guilty of, las likewise deemed it incumbent upon that it was not intended he should be put “ 'biin, to lose no time in entering into to death, without some form of law; communications with his Majesty's Al- therefore a mark was put upon his fore“ lies, for the purpose of forming such head," lest any finding him should kill

a concert as may most effectually pro- “ him." But the Courier tell us that the " vide FOR THE GENERAL AND PER. allies have put Napoleon "out of the pale

SECURITY of EUROPE. of the law; which can have no other And his Royal Highness confidently meaning than that he should be put to “ relies on the support of the House of death without trial by any one who chooses " Commons, in all measures which may to become his assassin; and that there are “ be necessary for the accomplishment of people ready to perform this very honora“ this important object.”—The effect ble deed, is pretty evident from the manwhich this moderate language has al ner in which the doctrine of assassination ready had, upon our infamous newspaper is discussed in, what is called, the free press, forms, indeed, a striking contrast press of this virtuous, this moral, this to the outrageous abuse, with which it religious country --Amongst the innumerhas teemed, ever since the return of Na- able falsehoods that have lately been propoleon, particularly since the famous de- pagated by the men of blood, to excite claration of the Allies of the 13th ult. a new war against France, I am glad to which, from its extraordinary complex- find one of these pointedly contradicted ion, I was, at first, inclined to consider by Ministers which encouraged the belief a forgery ; but which, I am not sorry to that “there was a secret article in the find, was really put forth by the minis- treaty of Paris, by which this country ters of the crowned heads, assembled at “ became bound to support Louis XVIII, Vienna. As the publication of this de- po in case of insurrection in France.claration is likely to produce sonie im- This has been formally and officially con, portant changes at home, in the event tradicted in both Houses of Parliament,

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What then can those 'advocates for per- They declare at the same time, that firmly petual war now say, when they find their resolved to maintain entire the Treaty of favourite project a civil war," an insur- Paris of 30th May, 1814, and the disporection"against Napoleon's Government, sitions sanctioned by that Treaty, and so soon blown into air ?' One would have those which they have resolved on, or thought that the miserable termination of shall hereafter resolve on, to complete the La Vendee war in 1792 would have and to consolidate it, they will en ploy taught these men the folly of relying on all their means, and will unite all their so* rotten a foundation. We are every efforts ; that the general peace, the obday told that Napoleon is a monster and ject of the wishes of Europe, and the a despot, and that he cares no more for constant purpose of their labours, may the people * of France than to make not again be troubled; and to guarantee them the tools to serve his” private against every attempt which shall threaten ends, and promote bis ambitious projects to replunge the world into the disorders But let' those who hold him up in this and miseries of revolutions. And allight, recollect the magnanimity' of his though entirely persuaded that all France, conduct; when he abdicated the throne rallying round its legitimate Sovereign, of France," and consented to be an exile, will inimeciately amihilale this last at gather than allow one“ drop of French tempt.of a criminal and impotent deliblood to be shed for his personal rights. rium ; all the Sovereigos of Europe ani

Let them remember this inparalleled mated by the same sentiments, and guidinstance of mayrranimity, and let themed by the same principles, declare that if, compare it with their own endeavours contrary to all calculations, there should to create a civil war in France, in sup- result fron this event aliy real danger, port of an unnatural claim to the crown they will be ready to give to the King of against the unanimons” sufrage of the France, and to the French nation, or to wliole people. If they are capable at any other Government that shall be ata alt of feeling repugnance, for error, this tached, as soon as they shall be called comparison would make them blush for upon, all the assistance requisite to retheir infamous conduct, aud bide their store public trantquillity, and to make a beads in silence for ever.

comnion calise against all those wao

should undertake to compromise it. The DECLARATION.

present Declaration in crted in the Re

gister of the Congress assembled at. ViThe Powers® - who have signed the enna, on the 13th March, 1815, shall be: Treaty of Paris, assembled at the Cons" inade public. Done and attested by thic gress at: Vienna," being informed of the Plenipotentiaries of the High Powers wboescape of NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, signed the Treaty of Paris, Vienna, 13th and of his entrance into France with an March, -1815. afined-forcę, owe it to their own dignity

Here follow the signatures, in the aland the interest of social order; to make & solemn deciuratión. of the sentiments phabetical order of the Courts : which this event has excited-in them: Austria.--Prince Metternich, Baron By thus breaking the convention which

Wissenberg has established him in the island of France. —Prince Tállyrand, the Duke Elba;- Bonaparter destroys the only-legal

of Dalberg, Latour du Pin, Count title ow wbich his existencer depended

Alexis und Noailles. by appearing again in France with projects of confusion and disorder, he kas Great Britain.-Wellington, Clancarly, deprived hinrself of the protection of the Cathcart, Steu'art. layy apid. has m&vifested to the universe, Portugal.-Giant Pamella Saldonha Lobs, that there can be neither peace nor truce will him. The Powers consequently Prussia-Prince Hardenbery, Baron declare, that Napoleon Bonaparte has

Humboldt. and sociai': relations; and that as placed- kini self without tlie pale of civil Russia.--Count Basierende.

Staeekelberg', (icunt enemy and disturber of the trapquillity of the world he has, rendered Spain.-P. Gomez Labrador.. brimself. liable ton public veugeance. Sweden.-Laf menhelm.

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