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« Funds may be said to afford a most strik-1 “ America herself, i to belie common sense 6. ing comment on the text of those who " and universal experience.'

.Two or “ have the front to call the Treaty of “ “ three of our ships have struck to a 6 Ghent 66 korourable" to this country. "force vastly superior!'-No, not two • What ? An bonourable Peace, with the " or three, but many, on the Ocean, and “last of our adversaries, with a populous" vhole squadrons on the Lakes : and “ and commercial nation—and yet a de- their numbers are to be viewed with “pression in the Public Funds ! The things relation to the comparative magnitude of

! is impossible. There is a moral incon- “ two navies. Scarcely is there one Amc“sistency in the facts. But the truth, un- "rican ship of war, which has not to "happily, peeps out in the course of the “ boast a victory over the British flug';

eulogy bestowed on this famous specimen " searcely one British ship in thirty or “ of diplomatic ingenuity. The Peace is

, forty, that has beaten an American. Our

, “ like that of Amiens, a Peace of Necessity " seamen, it is urged, have on all occasions “ --and upon what grounds ? A lean

• A lean- " fought bravely.
fought bravely. Who denies it? Our

? "ing to certain points, it seems, has" complaint is, that with the bravest sez“ been hinted' at the Congress of Vienna.“ men, and the most powerful navy in the

Now, let us put this mysterious language world, we retire from the coutest when " into plain English. It can bear no “the balance of defeat is so heavily against “ other construction than this--that Russia, " us. Be it accident, or be it misconduct, we

or Austria, or Prussia, has avowed an enquire not now into the cause; the cer. “inclination to support the innovations on “ tain, the inevitable consequences are what public law, which Mr. Madison asserts. 66 we look to, and these may

be summed up " Might not this have been foretold, -was in few words--the speedy gowth of an

“ “ it not foretold in this paper above six “ American navy-and the recurrence of “ months ago ? Was it not the very ar- “ a new and much more formidable Ameri

gument we urged for pushing the war in " can war. From that fatal moment when ** America with the utmost vigour, whilst “ the flag of the Guerriere was struck, yet the field wis and

adversary “ tliere has been quite a rage for building " without allies? And is it not a motive “ ships of war in the United States. Their “ for the same conduct, even at this late navy has beeir nearly doubled, and their

period? If any of the Powers who have " vessels are of extraordinary magnitude. 6 received our subsidies, or have been re- “The people, naturally vain, boastful, and 6 scued from destruction by our courage

insolent, have been filled with an ab60. “ and example, have had the baseness to “lute contempt of our maritine power, “ turn against us, it is moraily certain," and a furious eagerness to beat down our " that the Treaty of Ghent will coufirm “ maritiine pretensions. Those passions, 66 them in their resolution. They will re- " which have been inflamed by success, “flect that we have attempted to force “ could only have been cooled by what in “ our principles on Anierica, and have * vulgar but emphatic language has been " failed. Nay, that we have retired from

a sound flogging ;” but, unthe combnt with the stripes yci bleeding " fortunately, our Christian meekness has

on our back, --with the recent defeats" induced us rather to kiss the rod, than at Plattsturgh, and on Lake Champlain “ to retaliate its exercise. Such false and

unavengeil. To make peace at such a "feeble humanity is not calculated for the “ moment, they will think, betrays a dead." guidance of nations. War is, indeed, a ness tr the feclings of hovour, and shews “ tremendous engine of justice ; but when

a timidity of disposition, inviting further" justice wields the sword, she must be in1s insult. If we could have pointed to "flexible. Looking neither to the right

“ America overthrown, we should surely nor to the left, she must pursue her blow, slave stood on much higher ground at « until the evil is clean rooted out. This Vienna, and every where else, than we “ is not blind rage, or blinder revenge ; possibly can do now. Even yet, how-" but it is a discriminating, a calm, and

“ we could but close the war with even a terdler calculation of consequences. some rrpat naval triumph, the reputa- " Better is it, that we should grapple with

, « tion of our maritine greatness might be " the young lion, when he is first fleshed

partially restored; but to say, that it 66 with the taste of our flocks, tban wait “has not hitherto saffered in the estima- “ until, in the maturity of his strength, he “tion of all Europe, and what is worse, of "bears away at once both sheep and ahep


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" herd.The Chatham, of 74 guns (builts" Ghent, by an illustrious personage, was a "? in memory of the Walcheren expedition) “duty MOST RELUCTANTLY PER" is ordered to be manned, and will, it is “ FORMED). We doubt it not.“ supposed, be sent to America, to strengthen “ The truly English feelings which prompt“ the preparations for that extended sys- "ed so zealous an adherence to the cause * tem of warfare, which must take place if" of patriotism in Spain, and to that of “ the President should delay the ratifica- " loyalty in France, must have been tor“stion of the Treaty. We are well con- “ tured beyond the power of words to ex* vinced, that every ship, and every sol- "press, by the fatal necessity (if necessity

, “dier, employed in maintaining the vital" it was) which compelled the signing “ contest for our maritime ascendancy, far“ away the honour and future safety of “ from diminishing, will add a proportional " THIS ONCE NOBLE COUNTKY! “ weight to our influence at Vienna ; but“ May the present year not elapse without so in truth Vienna, and all its fetcs, and“ producing a confirmation of our sad all its negociations, are infinitively insig-forebodings! Our firmest hope lies, in mificant to us NOW, compared with the the present instance, as it did during the “ growth of an American navy, and the pro- “ negociations of Chatillon, in the arrogant s bable loss of our transatlantic Provinces.” “ insanity of our adversary. In mulish 21 January, 1815.-" The


which obstinacy, Mr. Madison is not a whit " is just coucluded will rank among the behind his great Ally. In vanity and " niost remarkable in history. It has seen self-confidence, the Fisks, and CLAYS, " the downfal of the most formidable des-“ and SMILIES, and WRIGHTS of the Con“ potism that ever threatened the security“ gress cannot be 'overmatched. - It is, “ of the civilised world. It has witnessed therefore, the firm persuasion of those 56 the restoration of a PATERNAL GO- " who best understand American politics, “ VERNMENT to the country, which bad that the Treaty will not be ratified. For " for five and twenty years passed through “ this event, we repeat, Government ought “ the greatest variety of afflicting revolu- “ to be fully prepared. The nation, too, " tions. It has beheld all the Sovereigns" ought to be satisfied, that a powerful * of Europe assembled personally, or by " army, and a General of the highest repu" their representatives, in peace, to lay the “- tation, are ready on the spot, either to .“ foundations of permanent tranquillity,and " compel the enemy to ratify the Treaty, " to construct anew the social edifice, by" or to punish its non-ratification. The “ the proportions of equity and moderation. " Officers of the class just specified have, “ ONE WORTHLESS, FAITHLESS " moreover, a right to have their charac“ HORDE ALONE HERSEVERED " ters placed in a fair light before their " in those atrocious plans, which they had countrymen ; for in all companies, for “ undertaken, in concert with the fallen 'some

time past, have been heard murnurs, despot, for their own selfish aggrandize" not loud but deep,' at their apparent

ment. Punishment hang over the guilty backwardness to appear in the field, heads of these fuen, bankruptcy had swal- " where their services have been, and still lowed

up their resources, despair stared " are so much needed. If, contrary to our “them in the face. It was hoped that hopes and expectations, the Treaty should

some signal instance of vengeance would be ratified, the consequences are easy of " have been hurled against them, and“ developement. The Americans, vain of " that tbe

year woulu have closed with the "what they will consider as their demon“ triumph of Justice and of Britain.--" strated superiority over us by land and sea,

; “ALAS! We have been compelled to “ will dream only of more audacious pre“ witness not only the frustration of this “ tensions, and new plans of conquest.-

hope, but the elevation of our calumnia-" Their regular army will be augmented,

tors and assassins to the height of inso" and placed on the Canadian frontier. “ lent exultation, on the ruins of our ma- Their heavy metalled ships, and new " ritime greatness. THE NAVY OF“ steam batteries, will be multiplied with " BRITAIN IS DISGRACED FOR “the utmost celerity. Their intrigues to stir “ EVER: and, oh! shame! the fame of “. rebellion in Canada will be redoubled, " the immortal Nelson is eclipsed by the " and, unhappily, with a far greater chance

vaunts of the vulgar braggart Rodgers. 6c than ever of success, ipasnuch as the Ca. “A Sunday Paper asserts, that the ratifi-“ nad ps will be tooapt to conceive their “cation of the degrading Treaty of interests sacrificed by the present treaty,




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* All this while WE SHALL BE their blows with astonishing rapidity ; and "U BOUND OVER TO OUR GOOD even at the moment when the conclusion of « BEHAVIOUR IN EUROPE; for the the peace was announced, intelligence « moment we embark in war here, the came to hand that they had just driven “ redoubtable Captain PORTER will again our army and fleet from Pensacola, a nuain “ hoist the flag of FREE TRADE AND hold, whence our next attack was intended 66 SAILORS RIGHTS, and this will fur- to have been made. “nish at once a pretence and a signal for “IF,” says this trumpet of corruption, “ driving the hated English from Canada." our navy had struck some great blow ; “ How long the West Indies will remain " IF we had done” this, and done that, * to us, after the loss of our North Ameri- and done the other, then we might have made

can Provinces, we leave to the sagacious peace. But If we could do none of these ; * calculations of those, who can contrive a IF we had failed in all our attempts ; IF “ cheap and easy method of supplying our we had lost still more frigates and fleets, “ islands with flour, staves, and lumber, what would THEN have been our situa“ from other quarters; or who will secure tion? The malignant wretches are sense66. to us the Newfoundland fishery, when we less with


are savage at the are expelled from the whole American loss of their prey. You, who are an old 46 Continent. Little has been added to hunter of wild beasts, may have seen somer * what the public already know of the thing in the conduct of disappointed bears " Treaty.' Indeed, we have been assured, or wolves resembling that of these foes of " that what was circulated as the first freedom, who are now looking towards i slight sketch of its contents, gave rather America, foaming with rage and roaring too favourable an idea of it in two very


revenge. “ material points-the Newfoundland fish- It is impossible not to feel great satis“ eries, and the East Indian trade. It was faction at seeing the murderous wishes of “ generally understood, we believe, that these nien d'sappointed. But our satisfac" the Americans were specifically excluded tion ought by no means to rest here. The

both from the one and the other of these great question sviih regard to the excellence

advantages; but the truth is (says our of really free Gorrnment has now been *s informant) that neither of these points decided in a way that must inevitably pro" is mentioned in this impolitic Treaty." duce conviction throughout the whole world.

7th Jan. 1815.Our correspondent (at The fate of the Republic of France bad " Paris) states, that since the unexpected excited great doubts in the minds of men,

news from Ghent, the Americans at disposed to cherish liberty, as to the capa" Paris have been every where TREAT- bility of that sort of Government to be

ED WITH THE MOST MARKED carried on in practice for any length of "RESPECT. They have, in general, tine, especially if it had to contend with . “ assumed, at all public places, their na- the difficulties and dangers of war. The “tional cockade, both as a means of at- enemies of liberty delighted in repre"tracting to themselves those attentions, senting real freedom as incompatible with " and also to prevent their being mistaken national defence and independence. When “for English, and exposed as such to the reminded of the Government of America,

affronts which of late have been openly they smiled, and observed, that it might “ shewn to our countrymen."


very well as long as America remained. Thus have we before us the wailings of at peace ; but that her first year of war the sons and daughters of corruption. would crumble it into dust, and expose to 'There is, you perceive, one reigning fal- the mockery of the world the vain theorists lacy in all these attacks on the peace; that who had extolled it. In short, this was is, it is all along presumed, and taken for the point always laboured at :-That for a granted, that our situation, with regard nation to be able to defend itself in time of t, America, would have become every day war against a formidable enemy,

it must better and better, if the war had been con- have an almost despotic Government and a tinued. Now, so far from this being any standing army, with all their retine. thing like certain, it was not even pro- How sincerely will you, who have so bable, and was barely possible. 'The long, so zealously, and so ably maintained chances were all on the other side ; the the contrary, rejoice to sec that this posiRepublicans had not only resisted, but had tion, so degrading to mankind, has now repulsed, the onset; they had followed up been fully disproved! You, in your ex

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cellent publications, and Sir Francis Bur- graced for ever; that we have retired from dett, in his speeches, have uniformly in the contest withibe stripes on our backs; that sisteil, that the safe defence, and the only we liave had the tridunt snatched from us; safe defence, of a nation against a formi- that we are scoffed at upon the Continent dable enemy, was to be found in the arms of Lurope. Now, then, if this be true, of free men ; that, in order to induce a who is it that has thus laumbied as ? What people to fight in defence of their country, nighty Potentate bas been able to accomthey must feel that they have something to plish all this? It is a Republic; a nation fight for ; that the strength of a Govern- whose Chief Magistrate receives only about ment, in the hour of real danger, consists 6,0001. a year, and the whole of whose orsolely of the attachment of the people; that a dinary revenue does not amount to so much nation, enjoying real freedom, informed by as we, in England alone, pay for collecting a press really free, and all having a voice our taxes; a nation without a standing in the choice of their representatives, never army; a nation with a press through which yet was, and never would be, subdued by any man may publish any thing respecting an invading enemy.

any public person or measure, or any opiThe rise, progress, and result of the vion on the subject of religion; a nation American wars (I mean both of them) have without Dukes, or Lords, or Knights, or now put the truth of these your favourite Esquires, and without any distinction of doctrines beyond all doubt. Where are rank of any sort being known to the law; now the knaves, who have so long scoffed a nation without an established church, at you as a visionary, and who have had without tythes, or any compulsory payment the profligacy to assert, that bribery and to the priests of any worship; a nation corruption were essential to efficient Co- where bribery and corruption are unknown; vernment? Where are now those, who where no man calls another man 9713ster;" apprehended anarchy from universal suf- and where a handful of geld would not frage? Where are now the sticklers for purchase from the labouring man the pullinfluence, and virtual representation. In ing off his hat even to his emplorer. The America

pays a tax, of any

consecuences of trnths under and not sort, kowever smal), has a vote. He assists so notorious, are much more pleasing to in electing, not only the members of the anticipate than they world, I imagine, be State Legislators, and those of the Con- safe to describe. gress, but also the Governors of the States There are some who pretend, that the and the President himself. No man has Republic has gained nothing by the war; any authority, no man has any voice in and those hireling gentlemen, klo write in making laws, who has not himself been the Quarterly Revier," tell their rcalers,

" elected, and in the election of whom every that

56 without acconiman paving a tax has a voice. Yet the

Yet the “plishing any one of the oljorts for which world NOW SEES, that a Government 16 she went to war." Thcse lijrcd critics thus formed, and a people thus governed, are are either wholly ignorant of the matter, a match for the most formidable power at or, they are endeavouring to mislead their this day in existence. The world now readers. At any rate, I will once more sees, that a nation tlius governing itself, and state the case, and then we shall sce which fully sensible of its freedom, is not only party bas been baffled in its attempts. active in its defence, but is capable of America declared war against oor King, deeds of valour, such as were never before because he would not cease to impress pera recorded by the pen of the historian of any sons (not being soldiers or sailors in the country or any age. Let the advocates for enemy's service) on board her ships en the the buying and selling of seats do away, if high seas. This was the ground of her dethey can, the effect of this glorious cx- claration of war. A treaty of peace has ample.

been made, and that treaty says 110% a word The writer, whom I have above quoted, about the in.pressing of persons on board and who was so anxious to see " the world of American ships. Therefore, say these * delivered of the mischievous example” of wise Reviewers, she has not gained her ol the existence of the American Covernment, lject. Peor slaves! they dare not look at says, that our nary has been defeated; that the truth; which is this:-America went to is has been beaten upon the Ocean and on war with us, while we were at war with the Lakes ; that we have been beaten by France, and while America was neutral. land and by sca; that we have been dis-Oar king having made peace with the

every man who

has made peace

Frerich, there ceased to be any pretext for nothing to have been able, with her infant impressment; and that being the case, navy, to have resisted with success the maAmerica was willing to make peace imme- ritime potrer of England single-banded? diately, without any stipulation about im- Is it nothing to have called forth the admipressment, because the war in Europe, ration of the world by .acts of bravery like having ceased, her character of neutral that of the General Armstrong privateer at would have ceased, and our impressments Fayal? Is it nothing to have made her would also have ceased. She wanted no implacable enemies in England express stipulation to protect ber against what she their mortification at seeing hier eitizens in always asserted to be a wrong, and which Europe complimented wherever they go, in wrong she had resisted by arms, until it consequence of her success against such a ceased. Accordingly, we fod Mr. Nonroe mighty Power? Is it nothing to have instructing the Republican negociators not proved to the world, that, let who will atto bring forward the subject, it being quite tack her, she stands in recd of no foreign unnecessary, seeing that America had re- aid; no hired fighters of other countries; sisted our pretended right of iinpressment but that her own citizens are equal, not by war, and would, of course, resort to the only to her defence, but to the carrying of same mode of resistance, if the execution lier “ bits of striped bunting” in triumph of the pretended right should be revived. into every sea against even a superior You will observe, too, that it was our force? Is it nothing to have shewn, that, King's negociators, who brought forward in the midst of such a war, which most the sabject at Gheet. Therefore, if there people thought put her very existence in was any defeat of object here, the defeat jeopardy, she has doubled, nay quadrupled, was on bis side. We went to war to assert her naval force, including her numerous our right of impressment. We have made important captures from us; and that she peace without obtaining any stipulation has steadily proceeded in the extension of with regard to that right, real or pre- her naval plans, buildings and arsenals ? tended. If we revive the exercise of this Is it nothing to have proved, that her Goright, at any future time, Mír. Monroe, in vernment, though free as air, is perfectly his published dispatches, says, that Ane- adequate to the most perilous of wars? Is rica is ready again to resist it by force of it nothing to have thus entitled herself to

the confidence of other nations, and made The disappointed, malignant man, whom her friendship an object to be sedulously I have so largely quoted above, exclaims, sought after by every Power of Europe ; that we are now bound to our gooil be- and to have done this, too, in a war in haviour in Europe ;" for, that the moment which it was published, that all these we dare to go to war, we shall have Capt. Powers had, by a secret article in the Porter sally out upon us with “ freedom of treaty of Paris, bound themselves not to

commerce and sailors' rights” inscribed interfere? Is it nothing to have shewn, that on his flag. Nothing is more probable. she wanted the interference of none of them; Indeed, it is quite certain, that the “ bits that she was able, single-handed, to fight " of siriped bunting" will bear this motto, her own battles, and to come out of the if our King revives his orders of impress contest, not only umutilated, but covered ment. But the likely thing is, that his with glory? Is it nothing for her Chief Miajesty will not revive those orders ; and Magistrate ; for that very Mr. Madison, thien we shall have the happiness to see whom our malignant and insolent writers ourselves living in peace and friendship and others marked out to be DEPOSED; with the people of America, and shall be is it nothing for Americans to have seen grateful to his Majesty for the blessing. this their plain fellow citizen, with a salary

But has the Republic gained nothing by of less than 6,000 pounds a year, with no the war? Has she gained 10 English heralds, guards, or gilded coaches, conductships? Has she gained no renown? Have ing her affairs, through this trying season, the affairs of the Guerriere, the Macedo- with so much ability, so much firmness, nian, the Java, the Peacock, the Avon, and, at the same time, with such tender. those of Lakes Erie and Champlain, and nese for liberty, as to refrain from a resort Mobille and Pensacola, and Fort Erie and even to the mild law of his country against Fort Moreau; lare these niemorable ac- those who have made use of that liberty for tions and many others. yielded her nothing purposes of the blackest and basest treason? in point of reputation in the world? Is it is this nothing, you venal English writers a

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