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was a fine example of French economy, and Catho- , female character in France is a proof of it. There Jic charity united. He gave a beggar a sous, and is that freedom of actions, and reliance on their own Hook back iwo liaids in change.
powers, in the French women, generally, which oc
casionally, we observe with admiratiou in womeu The following very interesting particu- of superior talents in England. lars, as to the occupations of the fair "sex, are highly deserving of consideration: The contrast drawn by our author beIn every part of France wornen employ them ween the aucient nobility and the pre
sent occupiers of land in France, possselves in offices which are deemed with nis unsuit.
esses no small degree of interest : able to the sex, Flere there is no sexual distinc
The ancient nobilily, before the revolution, tion of employment : the women undertake
were not very refined in their node or living task they are able to perform, without much notion
at their chaleaux. These houses, generally of Giness or untimess. This applies to all classes.
in a ruinous siate and badly iuinished, were The lady of one of the principal clothers at Lollviers, conducied u: over the works; gave us pal
occasionally visited by their oss alleis, accompanied terus of the best cloths ; ordered the machinery to probably by a party of guests, and a nici otis
tribe of domestics, These visiis were the result of be set in motion for our gratification, and was evidently in the liabit of atiending to ihe whole detail caprice sometimes; otten of necessity: lo recover
fresh vigor for the expences of Paris: but rarely ot the business. Just so, near Rouen, the wire of
for the true enjoyment of the country. Their ap: the largest farmer in ihrat quarter, conducted me to the barns and stables ; shewed nie the various im- pearance was not welcomed by their tenants, from plem-tats, and explained their use : took me into whom certain extra services were then required. the fields, and described the niode of husbandry, Provisions of all kinds, grain, tish, fowl, all were iu which die perfecily understood ; ex patiated on the requisition. The dependants, almust plundering,
and insolent of course. excellence of their fallous; pointed out the bes!
Ibe gentry. spending thuir
time at cards or williards; or promenading in ileir sheep in the toch, and gave me a detail of their management in buying their wether lambs and fit-strait lined gardens, in stiff Parisian dresses, were sening their wethers. This was on a jarm of about only known on their «states wo be hated and desa
pisod. A belter spirit prevails at present. ProIn every shop and warehouse you sec similar activity in thic teniales. Al the rosas porce- prietors have acquired a touch of the com.tygen
tleman, and are cultivating their estuies; whilstille lain manutactory at Sevres, a woman was called to
tenants are relieved fruen degrading curvees and receive payment for the articles we purchased. In
oilier odious oppressions. Still, utuch is wanting the Halle de Bled, at Paris, women, in their lille
10 render a country residence inviting to those wiio counting houses, are performing the ofice of fac
cannot be satisfied in the society of sucir own duo tors, in the sale of grain and flor. In erery de
mestic circle; or who may not be blessed with a nupartiucut they occupy an important station, from
merous and happy Amily. Whica capital, in the One extreruity of the country to ile other.
hands of well educated men, begins to be directed In many cases, where women are employed in
lo rural affairs, a foundation is laid for a better state phie more laborious occupations, the real cause is
of society. A broad foundation of this sort has directly opposite to the apparent. You see them
been already laid in France. Thanks 10 ile in the south, threshing, with the men, under a buru
Revolut on! ing sun ;-il is a family pariy threshing out the crop of their own freehold : a woman is holding
We have heard much respecting the a ploug! ;-the plough, the horses, the land is Police, and the number of crimes in
hei's ; or, (as we have it) ber husband's.; .who is Tradesinen. Many have gone so far i probally sowing the wheat which she is turning in to attribute the increase of crimes with
You are shocked, on seeing a tine young woman us to a deiect in our laws of police.--loading a dung cart; it belongs to her failure, whu But whatever may be in this, it is cltar is manuring his own field, for their counuon sup- from Mr. Birbeck's statement, that port. In these instances the tvil of the woman de crimes are by no means so prevailing there notes wealth rather than want ; though the latter
as in this country. is the motive to which a superficial vbserver would
Whilst waiting for my passport of departure, at reter it. Who can estimale the importance, in a the Bureau of the Prefecture, Juany persons were mural and political view, of this state of things receiving passpoils of removal from one section of Where the women, in the complete exercise of theii
Paris to another. A strictuess of police of which I mental and bodily faculties, are performing their betore had no conceptiva. I'iruayine a register is full share of the duties of life. It is the natural, kept of the inhabitants of every house ; and fruia kcaliuy oudilivu wf Society, lis induenee on the the acrangement of the numerous ükiks in ideja love
and connodious apartment, called the Bureau des , with a pike in his hand, met me, and civilly eni pusspurts, I have no doubt but this isuportant ob- , yuired if the grapes Here good. Les raisins
jess is attained about difficulty or contusion. 1 kont ils bons?" " Non," replied I. Comme presume passports are procured without much trone ca;" and showed hin the bunch I had ble or any exprenice to the paraies: they are there: athered. You must go with me “il la Ville, fore not likels iu be neg kcied by aliy bur ile evil says he, “ devant le Maire." I remonstrated
he disposad; and as general stcurity is the aim, and
threatened: at length lie consented in a great deuree the result, of these secuuin ly se- 10 let me of for
This I sliould vere regulations, they may be subtitled to wiila not have complied willı, if my company had not cheerfulness. A police of this kind arust prevent the bien forward!, and waiting for me; but woulj bave existence of-uchdiordes oi bandiri asintest our ine- paid the leva! penaliy betore the mayor. In the tropolis. Here can be no dark and inscrutable recesses souill, where vineyards are universal, the same deisdicte villains by professiull may collect in a mass, gree of striciness would not have appeared in this and conspire against the public. This is the fair i particular, but the watchful spirit is percuired side. How much ihese redu! 1.001s favour political every where. Tyraiuy, I álu not qualified iv sas; but here I sus- With a Government really Representative, such picct iuischeit. However, the clead in this vilice a police would not be an engine ut oppression: and appear to be a civil, respectable set, and much bet- tu estimate its value in comparison with a sindicper employed in preventing crimes, and are proba- tive police, such as that of England, we must conbly better med, than the swarm of police uthcers, sider the wreicheduess of the agent of a criminal 'wiin who live by them; who, by overlooking act, as well as the sutiering of ils object. 118 watchomull offences, nurse up the criminals tu tliat eni- tui character renders pilfering unprofitable and nence in guilt, which «ntils the thici-laker to a dangerous, theretore it is not fullowed as a proreward. Security of person and properly, two fession: a man rises to an accomplished villain by great ends of Suciety, are attained in a higher de degrees, i erefore the prevention of small offences free under the French than under the English | hinders le commission of atrocious crimes. oystem.
(To be continued.) Prevention of crinies is the very spirit of the former, which pervades every place, and nects
MARSHAL MARMONT. you at every turn. In the country, the Gurdes champetres, a revolutionary instirution, are the SIR, -At the time the influence of the kreat means, always in activity, of crushing them allies caused the detection of the Dukę
One or more of these officers is ap- of Ragnsa from Napoleon, the Duke was proined in every commune, whose duly it is 10 stationed at the head of forty thousand preveut all petty depredations, and even trespasses of the finest troops in the French serout of the public pälbs. lu every case they may vice, to act as a screen on Paris, on the arrest the offender, and carry him before the approach of the allies to that capital. mayor of the conmune, who levies a penally This command formed an important post according 10 law. These men are always on the in the plan of a master-piece of Genealert; aned, wosily with a pikc, sometimes with ralship, by the execution of which, had a guu; and are authorized to use force in case of Marmont only remained faithful, the aliesistance. In lowns, the preventive police is p.s- lies would have fallen in tlie hands of dorued by the wilitary, and wuss effectually. Napoleon. When the Duke of Ragusa Being under the direction of the civil power, it conseiited to betray Napoleon, he detachsuch a force must be maintancd, perhaps thised twenty thousand of tliese troops from is the best quode of employing it. The rezulurity his army; sending them quite out of the and stricluess of military discipline, form the French way; the affectionate devotion to the soldiers into exceilent civil guards, and the end is cause of theä сoumury, and the enthusi20 benchcial that the means may well be lolcrated. astic attachment to Napoleon of the The Gardes champetres are so watchful and alert, whole of this veteran army, rendering diat they scen 10 possess sort of ubiquity even the remaining turniy thousand men which is very etfecual in preventing petty depre. a formidable corps. To these ibe Duke dations. Walking up a bill from Gorbeil, I strayed of Ragusa contra ed to have THIRTY into a vineyard by the road side. The grapes were" pound shot served out, although their miserable ; small as currezts, and unripe
. Tu largest guns carried only TWENTY poun: plunder was the last thing I should have thoughie lers; and so minutely did he enter ato of; however I picked a little bunch. As the details of treachery, that be caused sane out of the yiyeyusd, stout pouug fellow, SAND to be mixed with the powder
in ihe eys
which was to be used by these brave fel vendence of Europe may be possibly lows !!!--The attempt matle by the Histurbed.' Ministers, I bave no doubt, Duke of Pagusa tu vindicate iis conduct / srdeoily desire war. But var does not towards Napoleon, obtiges me, in coin. suit them jusť at present. They must mon justice, to refule ali his laboured communicate with the Allies. Some of defence, by this plain statement them may bave been offended at ConFACTS : för confirmation of the true! gress. They want also large subsidies. of which, I appeal to the survivors of i'he : :roperty tax, or sometbing like it, all those brave soldiers, whom lic THUS will be the next ministerial measure.. left to be SLAUGHTERED!! I am, &c. And soon afier war will be declared
MIRATOR. against France. I hope I am mistaken, Clifton, April 13, 1815.
-but a short time will determine.
Yours, &c. &c. G. G. F. THE ADDRESS.
London, April 12th, 1815, MR. COLBETT.-In the Regent's Message to Parliament, we are told, that
LORD COCHRANE. the events which have recently occurred in France, tiveaten consequences highly His Lordship bas addressed a Letter dangerous to the tranquillity and inde- “ To his Constituents," in which he fully pendence of Europe. Let us pause here for a moment, and consider whether explains his motives for leaving the King's or not this broad assertion be true. --Bo- Bench prison, and the objects he had in naparte, we know, has declared bis deter- view in taking his seat in the House of mination to rest on the Treaty of Paris ; Commons. Justice requires that this he has declared that he will not invadle publication should be read, before any other countries, but only difend himself
one ventures to censure the conduct of against foreign attack. In what then .consists the danger to the tranquillity his Lordship. I lave no room for more and independence of Europe ? Why than the following extracts: should not all Europe continue in the "I have heard much about the duty of present state of peace? France luas, submitting to the laws, but not enough by a calm Revolution, changed her Ruler; Louis left the tirone, aud Napoleon to inspire me with reverence for iniquity took it; and it is clear that Napoleon is exercised under legal appearances. It is the choice and approbation of the French not by liim ho resists injustice commitPeople. Who dare dispute the right ted under the forms of law, but by him of the People to the choice of their who zrakes these forms the instruments Rulers ? lo wiat respect then does this simple, but wonderful change endanger and the cloke of injustice, that the laws the tranquillity of Europe? We are told are violated. I did not, however, quit that there is to be au augmentation of these walls to escape from personal op his Majesty's land, and sea forces. For pression, but at the hazard of my life to wbat purpose is this augmentation ? Will
assert that right to liberty which as a not this augmentation of land and forces lead to an augmentation of land member of tlie community I have never and sea taxes ? Is not the whole world forieited, and iliat rigiit which I received now in a state of Peace, and ought not from you, to attack in its very den, the every thing to return to a peace esta corruption which threatens to annihilate blishment? Must we be for ever in the the liberties of us all. I did not quit expensive attitude of war, because the tranquillity of Europe maj, some time or them to fly from the justice of my counother, be disturbed? who is to disturb try, but io expose the wickedness, fraud, it? At one time, tlie Epiperor of Russia ; and hypocrisy of those who elude that at another time the King of Prussia; at justice by committing their enornjities another, Napoleon Bonaparte, or Louis the loth, 19in, or 2uth; may be said under the colour of its name. I did not to endanger it. And so we are to be quit them from the childish motive of perpetually burdened with increasing impatience under suffering : I staid long taxes, because the tranquillity and inde- 1 enough here to eviuce that I could en:
dure restraint as a pain, but not as a pe- been long most unjustly detained; but nalty. I staid long enough to be certain i julged it better to endeavour to that my persecutors were conscious of conceal my absence, and to defer my their injustice ; and to feel that my sub-appearance in the blouse until the public mission to their uninerited infictions was agitation excited by the Corn Bill, should Josing the dignity of resiguation, and subside. And I bave further to request sinking into the ignominious endurance that you will also communicate to the of an insult.
Llouse that it is my ipiention on an “ Geytlemen; if it had not beep for early day to present myself for the purthe commotion excited by that obnoxious, pose of taking my seat, and inoving an injurious, and arbitrary measure, the inquiry into the conduct of Lord Ellen, Coru · Bill, which began to evince itself borough.—I have the honou to be, Sir, on the day of my departure from prison, your most obedient humble servant, (which was on the anniversary of my
COCHRANE." escape from similar oppression at Malta
“ Gentlenen: If the Right Honourable four years before, I should have lost no the Speaker sad thouzlit proper to comtime in proceeding to the House of Com
ply with my request; if he had read my mos3: but conjecturing that the spirit of Letter to the lionse, as the afterwards disturbance mighi derive some encourage- reid that which he received from the meut from my unexpected appearance at Marshal of the King's Bench, relative that time, and having no inclination to
to my apprehension; the scandalous repromote tumult, 1 resolved to defer my perts which appeared in the hireling appearance at that House, and, if possible, Journals, attributing my conduct to crito conceal my departure from the Prison, minal or contemplative motives, could until the order of the Metropolis should be not have been invented or propagated. restored. I bad, bawever, been out but
“ I did not go to the House of Coma few days wkeu I received intimation
mons to complain about losses or sufferthat a Committee of the Ilouse of Com
ings; about tine. or imprisonment; or of mons appointed to enquire into the state
projxniy 1. to the amount of ten times the of the Prison, had discovered that I was fine, of which I have been clieated by absent. Conceiving that they would this malicious Prosecution, I did not communicate the circumstance, and anxi
go to the House to complain of the ous to obviate any false impressions as to mockery of having been heard in: my my motives and intentions, I immediately defence, and answered by a reference to addressed the following Letter to the that Decision froin which that Defence Speaker, which I fully expected he would was an Appeal. I did not go there to bave read to the House :
complain of lhose who expelled me from
my Profession: for if I could have London, March, 9, 1815.
stooped to the Enemies of my Coun« Sir: I respectfully request that you try at home, I might still have will state to the Honourable the House been instrumental in humbling its of Cammons, that I should immediately Enemies abroad. I did not go to the and personally have communicated to House to complain, generally, of the them my departure from the custody of Advisers of the Crown: but I went there Lord Ellenborough, by whom I have to complain of the conduct of bim
Pinted and Published by G. Houston: No 198, Strand; where all Co:umuuications addressed to the
level boot, are requested to be forwarded.
Vol. XXVII. No. 16.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1815. [Price 1s,
[482 TO THE POPLE OF ENGLAND. 66 want to force the French to put down On the approaching War against Frunce.
" their present chief." That is to say,
we, modest people! do not wish, God forThe last war against France swelled the bid! to interfere in the internal affairs of annual taxes on account of the National France; we do not wish to force a chief Debt from 9 millions of pounds to 41 upon her; but, she having a chief whom millions of pounds; it caused, besides we do not like, we will make war upon this, 600 millions of pounds to be her, until she put him away.
That is all! raised, during the war, in other taxes; it | Our modesty will not let us go an inch has reduced us to such a state, that, even further. in peace, loans were become necessary, In order that you may clearly see what besides taxes almost as heavy as in time of is the light, in which the French governwar. Such, in short, in a pecuniary view, ment view the matter, I shall subjoin to were the effects of that war, that the go- this address the Official Documents pub. vernment found it expedient to resort to a lished in France, relative to it. In these Corn-Bill, in order to raise and keep up you will find the answer, which France the price of the first necessary of life, that gives to all her enemies. Here you will the Owners and Tillers of the soil might find a clear description of the grounds, on be able to pay the taxes which that go- which she rests. The first document convernment wanted to pay the interest of the tains an answer to the charges against her Debt and to maintain the military esta- and her chief; the second contains the blishments.
reasons for her preparing for her defence. These facts being undeniable, have we To these documents I have prefixed the not reason to dread the consequences of memorable Declaration of the Allies, another war against France? Ought we dated at Vienna on the 13th of March. to run head-long into such a war? I have, This was the first stone. hurled at the in my four last Numbers, strenuously la- French nation. A careful perusal, and boured to prevent this calamity; but, I an occasional reference, to these Docunow really begin to fear, that the wishes ments, will keep fresh in the memory of of the enemies of peace and freedom may every man the REAL CAUSES of the finally prevail. The Income or Property war, if war should now take place. Tax is again to be brought forward, and, The Borough-faction, who are now if the news-papers be correct, on the same crying out for war through the columns of principle as before. The Alien Act is our vile news-papers, tell us, that we canagain to be proposed, if we are to rely not live in safety, while Napoleon is at the upon the same sources of information. head of the government of France. This In short, if the accounts of proceedings in has, under all changes, been their cry for Parliament be true, we shall very soon be the last 22 years. We could not live at thrown back to the state of 1313 as to peace with the National Assembly. We expence, and to 1793 as to principle of could have no peace and safety with the action.
Convention. We could not have peace In my late Numbers I have, I think, and safety with the Consuls. We could very clearly shown, that, if we now make have no peace and safety with the Emwar upon France, it will be out of the peror before; no, nor can we have it power any human being to dispute the with him now. The BOURBONS: these fact; that the war, on our part, is a war are the people, with whom alone our of aggression, and of aggression, too, of Borough-faction think they can enjoy the most odious and intolerable kind, seda peace. We must, therefore, depose Napoing that even its openly professed object leon : yes, as we deposed Mr. Madison ! must be to force a government, or a chief, The peace of Europe and the world; and, upon France. It is said : " No: we only especially our oton safety, require, we are