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it laws, to intermeddle with its internal | us to presume upon a speedy war; yet affairs, to assign it a form of government, appearances sufficiently authorise a just to give it masters in conformity to the in- inquietude-alarming symptoms are materests or the passions of its neighbours. nifested on all sides at once. In yain do There is nothing changed, -if while you oppose the composure of reason to France is occupied in preparing the new the tumult of the passions. The voice of social compact which shall guarantee the your Majesty has not yet been able to liberty of its citizens, the triumph of the make itself heard-an incomprehensible liberal ideas which prevail in Europe, and system threatens to prevail with the powers, can no longer be stifled, it be not forced that of preparing for combat without adto withdraw itself, in order to combat, mitting any preliminary explanation with from those pacific meditations and means the nation which they secin determined to of internal prosperity to which the people fight. By whatever pretext they pretend and their head wish to devote themselves to justify so unheard of a proceeding, the in happy accordance. There has been conduct of your Majesty is its best refutanothing changed, --if, when the French tion. The facts speak for themselves; nation asks only to remain at peace with they are simple, precise, incontestable; all Europe, an unjust coalition do not and from the mere statement which I am compel it, as it did in 1792, to defend its about to give of these facts, the Councils will and its rights, its independence, and of all the Sovereigns of Europe, the gothe sovereign of its choice.

vernments and the nations, may alike pro(Signed) °“ The Minister of State, Pre- nounce judgment in this important cause.

sident of the Section of the Some days since, Sire, I found it necesFinances,

sary to call your attention to the prepara66 The Count Defermon. tions of the different foreign governments; « The Minister of State, President of but the germs of disturbance which for a

the Section of the Interior, moment sprang upon some points of our “ The Count REGNAUD de St. Jean southern provinces, rendered our situation D'ANGELY.

complicated. Perhaps that very natural 66 The President of the Section of Le- feeling which causes us to wish above gislation,

all things for the repression of every prin. " The Count BOULAY. ciple of internal dissension, would have 66 The President of the Section of War, prevented me, in spite of myself, from con.

“ The Count ANDREOSSY. sidering in so serious a light the menacing (Certified conform.)

dispositions which are manifested abroad. “The Minister Secretary of State, The rapid dispersion of the enemies of " The Duke de BASSANO." our domestic tranquillity relieves me from

all delicacy of that kind. The French

nation has a right to hear the truth from Sire-If prudence makes it my duty its Government; and never could its Go. not to present indiscreetly to your Ma- vernment have, as now, so strong a wish, jesty a phantom of chimerical dangers, it or so powerful an interest, to tell it the is for me an obligation not less sacred, not whole truth. You resumed your crown, to suffer that vigilance to be lulled into a Sire, on the 1st of March. There are deceitful security which is prescribed to events so far beyond the calculations of me by the care for the preservation of human reason, that they escape the forepeace, that great interest of France, that sight of Kings and the sagacity of their primary object of the wishes of your Ma- Ministers. On the first report of your jesty. To see danger where none exists, arrival on the shores of Provence, the is sometimes to provoke it, and to cause it Monarchs assembled at Vienna still conto spring up from another side ; to shut sidered your Majesty as no more than the our eyes against the indications which sovereign of the Isle of Elba, when you may be the forerunners of it, would be an already reigned again over the French act of inexcusable infatuation. I ought empire. It was only in the palace of the not to dissemble, Sire, that though no po- Thuilleries that your Majesty learned the sitive information confirms, up to this day, existence of their Declaration. The peron the part of foreign Powers, a resolu- sons who signed that unaccountable docution formally adopted, which should lead ment already understood of themselves


that your Majesty had no occasion to make companied by an escort. Another sent any reply to it. Meanwhile all the pro- off for Italy was obliged to return from clamations, all the expressions of your 'Turin without accomplishing the object Majesty, loudly attested the sincerity of of his mission. A third, destined for Beryour wishes for the maintenance of peace. lin and the North, was apprehended at It was my duty to inform the French po- Mentz and ill-treated by the Prussian Jitical agents, employed abroad by the Commandant. His dispatches were seized Royal Government, that their functions by the Austrian General who commands had expired, and to apprise them that your in chief in that place. I have already Majesty intended to accredit new Lega- learned, that among the couriers dispatched tions immediately. In your desire to on the 5th instant, those destined for Gera leave no doubt respecting your real sen- many and Italy were unable to pass the timents, your Majesty ordered me to en- frontiers. I have no account of those join those agents to be the interpreters of who were sent off for the North and for them to the different Cabinets. I obeyed England. When an almost impenetrable that order by writing on the 30th of barrier is thus set up between the French March to the Ambassadors, Ministers, Ministry and its agents abroad, between and other agents, the subjoined letter. the Cabinet of your Majesty and those of Not content with this first step, your Ma- other Sovereigos, your Minister, Sire, has jesty determined, under these extraordi- no other means than the public acts of nary circumstances to give to the manifes. Foreign Governments of judging of their tation of your pacific dispositions a cha. intentiuns. racter still more authentic and solcmn: ENGLAND. The Constitution of Engyou thought that you could not stamp land imposes on the Monarch fixed obli. more eclat upon the expression of them, gations towards the nation which he gothan by stating them yourself in a letter verns. Asit is not in his power to act with, to the foreign Sovereigus. You directed out its concurrence, he is obliged to comme at the same time, to make a similar municate to it, if not his formal, at least declaration to their Ministers. These his probable resolutions. The message two letters, copies of which I annex, dis- transmitted to Parliament on the 5th inst. patched on the 5th inst. are a monument by the Prince Regent, is not calculated to which must for ever attest the honour and excite any very extensive confidence in integrity of the intentions of your Imperial the friends of peace. I have the honour Majesty. While the moments of your to submit this piece to your Majesty.-A Majesty were thus occupied, and as it first remark must painfully affect those were absorbed by one sivgle thought, what who are acquainted with the rights of nawas the conduct of the different Powers? tions, and are anxious to see them respectIn all ages nations have taken a pleasure ed by kings. The only motive alleged by in promoting the mutual communications the Prince Regent to justify the measures between their governments; and cabinets which he announces the intention of adoptthemselves have made a point of facilitating ing is, that events have occurred in France these communications. In time of peace the contrary to the engagements contracted object of these relations is to prolong its du- by the Allied Powers with one another; ration; in war they tend to the restoration and this Sovereign of a free nation seems of peace; in both circumstances they are not even to pay the least attention to the a benefit to humanity. It was reserved wishes of the great nation among whom for the present epoch to behold an associa- these events have taken place. It seems tion of Monarchs, forbidding simultane-that in 1815, England and her Princes ously all connection with a great state, have no recollection of 1688! It seems and closing the avenue to its amicable as- that the Allied Powers, because they ob

The couriers dispatched from tained a momentary advantage over the Paris on the 30th of March, for the dif- French people, have presumed, in regard ferent courts, have not been able to reach to an internal act which most nearly conthe places of their destination. One could cerns its whole existence, to stipulate for proceed no farther than Strasburg, and it, and without it, in contempt of the the Austrian General who commands at most sacred of its rights! The Prince ReKehl refused to allow him a passage even gent declares, that he is giving orders for upon condition of his conscoting to be ac- the increase of the British forces both by land and sea. Thus the French nation, sity of covering his kingdom has obliged of which he takes so little account, must him to take up military positions in the be upon its guard on all sides : it has to Roman States. fear a continental aggression, and at the Prussia. The movements of Prussia same time must watch the whole extent of are not less active Every where the corps its coasts against the possibility of a de are completing Officers on half-pay are


. scent. It is, says the Prince Regent, to ordered to join their corps : to accelerate render the security of Europe permanent, their march, they grant them free posting; that he claims the support of the English and this sacrifice, slight in appearance, nation. And how can he have occasion but made by a calculating governm'nt, is for this support when that security is not not a small proof of the interest which it threatened? For the rest, the relations attaches to the rapidity of its preparations. between the two countries have not suf- SARDINIA.-The first moment after your fered any alteration worthy of notice. Majesty's return, a Commandant of the On some points, particular facts prove British troops, in concert with the Gothat the English are solicitous to maintain vernor of the county of Nice, took posthe relations established by the peace. On session of Monaco. By ancient treaties, others, different circumstances would lead renewed by the treaty of Paris, France to a contrary belief. Letters from Roche- alone has a right to place a garrison in fort of the 7th inst mention some incidents that fortress. The time of this occupawhich would be of an unfavourable omen tion by the Commandant of the English if they were to be confirmed, and if not troops, sufficiently shows that he did this explained in a satisfactory manner: but of himself, and without previous instrucour present accounts exhibit no character tions from his Government. France must which would lead us to attach much im- demand satisfaction for this affair from portance to those incidents. In Austria, the Courts of London and Turin. She in Russia, in Prussia, in all parts of Ger- must require the evacuation of Monaco, many, in Italy, in short every where, is and its being given up to a French garria to be seen a general arming.

son conformably to treaties; but your Austria..--At Vienna, the recall of the Majesty, will, doubtless, be of opinion, Landwehr, lately disbanded, the opening that this affair can only become a subject of a new loan, the daily increasing pro- of explanation, considering that the detergression of the discredit of the paper mination of the Sardinian Governor, and money, all announce the intention or the especially that of the English Commanfear of war. Strong Austrian columns dant, have been accidental, and a sudden are on their march to reinforce the numer. effect of the alarm occasioned by extraous corps already assembled in Italy. It ordinary movements. may be doubted whether they are destined SPAIN.-News from Spain, and an offifor aggressive operations, or are merely cial letter from M. de Laval of the 28th intended to keep in obedience Piedmont, March, state, that an army is to proceed Genoa, and the other parts of the Italian to the line of the Pyrenees. The strength territory, where the clashing of interests of that army will necessarily depend upon may excite apprehensions of discontent. the internal situation of that monarch,

NAPLES.- Amidst these preparations of and its ulterior movements upon the deAustria on the side of Italy, the King of termination of the other States. France Naples could not remain motionless. This will remark that these orders were given Prince, whose assistance the Allies had, upon the demand of the Duke and Duchess on a preceding occasion, invoked, whose of Angouleme. Thus, in 1815, as in ,

, legitimacy they had acknowledged, and 1793, it is the French Princes that invite whose existence they had guaranteed, foreigners into our territories. could not be ignorant that their policy,

THE NETHERLANDS.-The assembling since modified by different circumstances, of troops of different nations in the new would have endangered his throne, if, too kingdom of the Netherlands, and the nuintelligent to trust to their promises, he merous debarcations of English troops, had not known how to strengthen himself are known to your Majesty; a particular on better foundations. Prudence has en fact is added to the doubts which these joined him to advance a few steps, to assemblages may give rise to, relative to watch events more closely, and the neces- the dispositions of the Sovereign of that eountry. I am informed that a convoy of will know how to defend it? It will then be 120 men and 12 officers, French prisoners to restore, to return upon us,a family which from Russia, has been stopped on the side belongs neither to our age nor our man, of Turlemont. In waiting to derive cor- ners; which know neither how to apprerect information on this point, and to de- ciate the elevation of our souls, nor to mand, if necessary, redress for such a comprehend the extent of our rights; it proceeding, I contine myself bow to the will be to replace on our necks the triple statement of it to your Majesty, consider- yoke of absolute monarchy, fanaticism ing the importance which it receives from and feudality, that all Europe would apits connection with other circumstances pear to give itself up to an immense rising? which are developed around us.

One would say, that France, contined Upon all parts of Europe at once, they within its ancient limits, while the limits of are arming or marching, or ready to march. other powers have been prodigiously ex: And against whom are these armaments tended, -that France, free, rich only in directed ? Sire, it is your Majesty they the great character which its revolutions name, but it is France that is threatened. have left, still holds too much space in the The least favourable peace that the Powers map of the world ! Yes, if, contrary to ever dared to offer you, is that with the dearest wish of your Majesty, foreign which your Majesty contents yourself. Powers give the signal of a new war, it is Why do they not now wish what they sti- France herself, it is the whole nation whom pulated at Chaumont --what they ratified they mean to attack, though they pretend at Paris? It is not then against the only to attack its Sovereign, though they Monarch, it is against the French na- affect to separate the nation from the Emtion, against the independence of the peror. The contract of France with your people, against all that is dear to us, all Majesty is closer than any that ever united that we have acquired after twenty-five a nation to its Prince. The people and years of suffering and of glory, against our the monarch can only have the same liberties, our institutions, that hostile pas- friends and the same enemies. Is the sions wish to make war: a part of the question one of mere personal provoca Bourbon family, and some men who have tion between one Sovereign and anolong ceased to be French, endeavour again ther? That can be nothing else but an to raise all the nations of Germany and the ordinary duel. What did Francis I. in North, in the hope of returning a second his rage against Charles V.? He sent time by force of arms on the soil which him a challenge. But to distinguish the disclaims and wishes no longer to receive chief of a nation from the nation itself, to them. The same appeal has resounded protest that nothing is meant but against for a moment some countries of the the person of the Prince, and to march South, and it is from Spanish troops that against him alone a million of men, is some people are redemanding the crown playing too much with the cruelty of France: it is a family again become pri- of nations. The sole, the real object wate and solitary which thus implores the which the foreign powers can propose to assistance of foreigners. Where are the themselves on the hypothesis of a new coa. public functionaries, the troops of the line, lition, must be the exhaustion, the degrathe national guards, the private inhabi- dation of France; and to attain that obtants, who have accompanied it in its flightject, the surest means in their yiew of it beyond our frontiers ? To mean to re-esa will be to impose upon it a government tablish the Bourbons once more, would be without force and without energy. This, to declare war on the whole French popu- policy on their part, is not, besides, a new lation. When your Majesty entered Paris policy; the example has been given them with an escort of a few men; when Bor- by great masters. Thus the Romans prodeaux, Toulouse, Marseilles, and all the scribed such men as Mithridates and NiSouth are disentangling themselves in one comedes, while they covered with their day from the spares laid for them, it is a mi- haughty protection the Attaluses and the

litary movement that work these miracles ; | Prusiases, who priding themselves in the or rather, is it not a national movement, a title of their freed-men, acknowledged movement common to all French hearts, that they only held from them their states which mix in one feeling the love and their crown.

Thus the French nacountry and the love of the Monarch who I tion would be assimilated to those Asiatic




nations, to whom the caprice of Romecial act has proved the determination of, a gave for Kings, Princes whose submission rupture. We are reduced to vague conand dependence were secure! In this jectures, to reports perhaps false. It apview, the efforts which the Allied Powers pears certain that on the 26th of March a may now attempt to make, would not new agreement was signed, in which the have for their precise object to bring us powers consecrated the former alliance of back under a dynasty rejected by public Chaumont. If the object of it is defenopinion. It would not be the Bourbons sive, it enters into the views of your Main particular whom they would wish to jesty yourself, and France has no cause to protect; for a long time past, their cause, complain; if it were otherwise, it is the abandoned by themselves, has been so by independence of the French nation which all Europe; and that unfortunate family would be attacked, and France would has every where been subjected to a disa know how to repel an agression so odious. clain but too cruel. The choice of the The Prince Regent of England declares inonarch whom they should place on the that he wishes, before he acts, to come to throne of France would be of little im- an understanding with the other powers. portance to the Allies, provided they saw All those powers are armed, and they dethere seated with him weakness and pusil- liberate. France, excluded from these lanimity: this would be the most sensible deliberations of which it is the principal outrage that could be done to the honour object; France alone deliberates, and is of a magnanimous and generous nation. not yet armed. In circumstances so imIt is that which has already most deeply portant, in the midst of those uncertainties wounded French hearts, and of which the as to the real dispositions of foreign powrenewal would be the most insupportable. ers, dispositions whose exterior acts are of Although in the latter months of 1813, a nature to authorise just alarms, the senthat famous Declaration was published at timents and wishes of your Majesty for Frankfort, by which it was solemnly an- the maintenance of peace, and of the treaty nounced that they wished France to be of Paris, ought not to prevent legitimate great, happy, and free, what was the re- precautions. I therefore think it my duty sult of those pompous assurances ? At the to call the attention of your Majesty, and same moment they violated the Swiss neu. the reflections of your Council, to the trality. When, in short, on the French measures which the preservation of her soil, in order to cool patriotism and to dis. rights, the safety of her territory, and the organise the interior, they continued to defence of the national honour, ought to promise to France an existence and liberal dictate to France. laws, the events soon shewed what confi.

(Signed) dence was due to such engagements En

CAULINCOURT, Duke of Vicenza, lightened by experience, France has its eyes opened; there is not one of its citi- CIRCULAR ADDRESSED TO AMBASSADORS, zens who does not observe and judge

MINISTERS, AND what passes around it: inclosed within its ancient frontier, when it cannot give of.

Paris, Narch 30, 1813.. fence to other governments, every attack

SIR.-The wishes of the French nation vever against its own sovereign is a tendency to ceased to recall the Sovereign of its choice, the interfere in its internal affairs, and will only Prince who can guarantee to it the conser.

vation of its liberty and independence. The appear only an attempt to divide its Emperor appeared, and the royal government no strength by civil war, and to complete its longer exists. At the sight of the universal ruin and dismemberment. However, Sire, the army towards their legitimate Monarch, the

movement which carried both the people and even to this day, all is menace, and as yet family of the Bourbons perceived that there rethere is no hostility. Your Majesty will mained no other course for them bnt to take not wish that incidents proceeding from refuge in a foreign country. They have quitted the individual dispositions of particular been fired, or a drop of blood shed in their de

the French soil, without a single musket having commanders, either little scrupulous ob- fence. The military household which accompas servers of the orders of their court, or too nied them has collected at Bethune, where it ready to anticipate their supposed inten- declared its submission to the orders of the Emtions, should be considered as acts spring. peror. It has given up its horses and arms :

more than half of it has entered our ranks; the ing from the will of those powers, and as rest, few in number, are retiring to their homes, having broke the state of peace. No offi. ' happy to find an asylum in the generosity of



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