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breaking the treaties they had sworn to to a most happy conclusion, and when preserve with France ? To wage war the great balance of Europe was about to against prospective ambition is proclaim- be adjusted to the nicety of a hair; behold ing interminable hostilities. All Sove-out crept the great Rat from his rock in reigns are more or less ambitious, and cir- the ocean, and twirling his tail about, it cumstances will ever occur to bring this unluckily struck against one of the evenpassion into action.-Bonaparte is not of poized scales of the great balance that royal origin, and it appears that adversity hung over Europe; which scale then has taught him moderation. His enemies, kicked the beam, and in a moment overon the contrary, have profited nothing turned the beautiful “order of things so from their former reverscs; they have com- "happily established for the tranquillity of pletely disappointed the raised expectations nations.” And now, how shall I venof Europe; and viewed as the promoters ture to describe the astonishment of the of assa:sination, have forfeited all claims august assembly! It requires a master's on the respect of their people. Let us, how- hand, and the poet's fire. Each illustrious erer, by all means dictate to the French member of the grand council, with light, nation and appoint. them a ruler, but at ving in his eyes, reared up his angry tail the same time let us be prepared for a na- in the affrighted air, and swore by all the tional Bankruptcy as the reward of our gods at once, that he would never pare interference. "Yours, &c.

claws, nor ever shear his whiskers, unW. R. H. til the best blood of the great Rat had

copiously flowed, and he was for ever "in

“ capacitated from doing further misTue CATS IN COUNCIL.

66 chief.”

Ever since this memorable Mr. COBBETT,—It happened once upon event, loud cries, and tremendous cat. a time, that there lived in the French calls, have been heard from the cold recountry, a great Rat, which soon became gions of the North to the warm shores of the terror of almost all the world. Where- the Mediterranean. What will be the reupon 'all the Tom Cats of Europe met sult, let no one presume to imagine. It together in grand council, and resolved, is sufficient for my ambition that I have to spend their last drop of blood in a war lived to be the simple Historian of these against the great Råt of France. It so extraordinary facts.--Yours, &c. fell out, however, that the great Rat was

A Mouse. too powerful for the Allied Powers, during May 2, 1815. several years, till at length the great Rat himself, having been burnt out of his hole in the city of Moscow, was conquered in

Cats, RATS, AND OTHER VERMINE. his turn, and condemned to become an Mr. COBBETT,—As you are sometimes exile in the Island of Elba. The Iligh very minute in your observations, you will Allied Cats now mewed most gloriously, not (I hope) be offended with me for the and resolved once again to assemble, in remark I have to make on the debate of order, for the last time, to settle the affairs Monday. An Honourable Member is reof Europe, and to restore liberty and ported to have broken out into a very sehappiness to a long-afflicted world. All vere censure upon the charge for cats the Mice in Europe were to be divided in the Navy estimates, deeming it “moninto exact numbers, and the extent of ter- “ strous extravagance."---Now if a man ritories was to be marked out by pencil out of the Honourable House may be and compasses. The like to this never allowed to pass his opinion upon this before entered into the imagination even article, I for one, do not think it a of man! So much wisdom and justice were monstrous charge by any means; very never before exhibited! One would have much the contrary, for I know that thought it was an assembly of Gods! the rats are very plenty in some of the Each of their High Mightinesses moved Dock-yards. I hope no one will be of. forth in a most pathetic manner, how much fended with me for saying so, because it is he had at heart whatever tended to the the truth; and if two guineas' worth of public weal! But, alas! how soon the Cats will be a means of clearing them, I glory of this world fadeth away! Sad to am sure the public need not grumble at the

.! relate, when all things were nearly brought expense. Bu the Honourable Secretary


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of the Admiralty is reported to have ex- That glory now, thou hast resign'd, plained the matter very intelligibly, so as Deaf to thy People's voice, to sad experience to shut out all further difficulty upon

blind. he informed us that the Cats were in one

Could not thy hapless Brother's fate yard, the Rats in another.-Your papers, Instruct thee, make thee wise; Sir, are so full of importance, that I am

Didst thou believe their humbled state thankful to you for the least possible space Had clos'd the People's eyes; to promulgate my opinions ; but I hope

That they would, tamely, bear the yoke you will indulge me with one other remark.

Their Fathers had so nobly broke, -I observe you frequently calling the war

And Liberty despise ? faction prints, especially the Times, to ac

If to such weakness thon didst trust, count for their most immoderate abuse of the world, thyself, must own, thy punishment is the present Ruler of France as they style

just. him, and I must allow that their abuse is most low, disgusting, and disgraceful to

Hadst thou but kept thy plighted word, the country by which they are permitted,

To France but Freedom given ; or perhaps prompted, to deal it out. You Napoleon ne'er had been preferr’d, call them the miscreant hirelings of the

His cause liad never thriven : press.-Now, whether they are really so

An Exile now in Peace remain; or not, I do not take upon me to say; but

Nor seek the dangérons height again, this I am sure of, that if they were hired

Doom'd, by the will of Heav'n, by the Emperor himself, they could not

Thy kingly honours to resign, take more effectual means to unite and sup- No more to be possess’d by thy degeu’rate line. port his influence over the whole people of Buckinghamshire.

VOX POPULI. France; and the strong hold these hirelings have given him, is to him worth any premium he could bestow upon them.- PETITION OF THE LIVERY OF LONDON. If the war, which they so strenuously call for, should take place, they have fortified

The petition of this numerous and rehim, beyond all other possible means, to spectable body against the threatened war withstand it. From what motives they with France, was read at length in the do all this, I shall not inquire, but I am

House of Commons on the night of its repositive as to the effect.-Yours truly,

jection; but I do not find that it has been May 1, 1815.


published in any of our newspapers. I observe that the Courier did not even

publish the resolutions passed at the ComODE TO LOUIS.

mon Hall, though all the other hireling \ 'Tis done! but yesterday a King;"


did. Is this to be held a proof of To-day, from power hurld ;=

the superiority of our liberty of the press For He—that " abject, nameless thing, "* over that of France, of which the Courier His standard has unfurld.

is constantly vaunting? Is it in suppressThrough Gallia's land, triumphant mopid, ing the reasons against the war, and in By Gallia’s warlike sons belov'd;

publishing those for the war, that this And to th' astonish'd world,

boasted liberty consists? The Editor of Had this important truth made known, the Moniteur has given notice, that he Nought but the People's love secures a Monarch's will publish every declaration of foreign throne.

powers, however hostile to France, or to

the Emperor, whenever they please to And seek'st thou, Louis, to regain

transmit them. This looks something like By force, thy fallep power;

liberty of the press : but with our base Couldst thou, by foreign arms, maintain

and corrupted newspapers, nothing must The throne secure, an honr?

be admitted into their columns that savours Hadst thou on Freedom's friends relied,

in the least of censure of public measures ; The storm thou mighat'st have then defied,

while a place is always readily given to In safety, seen it lower;

every thing, no matter how false and con.

temptible, that may any way detract from Vide Lord Byron's Ode to Napoléon,

the character of the people and govern


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ment of France. Whenever an exception was, that all interference with the domesfrom this rule occurs, it is interest alone tic affairs of any other country ought to that causes the insertion. The suppression be disclaimed, because it was on that prinof the Petition of the Livery of London, is ciple the British Constitution, proceeding not, however, in the present case, so much from the glorious revolution, was establishto be regretted, because in the resolutions | ed. Mr. Waithman then adverted to the of the Common Ilall we have essentially treaty of Vienna, and expressed his conthe substance of what it may be supposed cero on finding the name of a British Mito have been. These resolutions I have nister affixed to it-all interference with given below; with a report of the speeches, the affairs of France could not be too which I have taken from the Morning much deprecated.

When this country Herald; not because I consider this the thought proper to drive King James from best report that might have been given; the throne, and to establish the present but because it is the fullest of any that has family, what would Englishmen have said appeared. I have likewise subjoined a had foreign nations interfered? The prelist of the minorities in the House of Com- sent family was established by the revomons who voted for receiving the Petition, lution, and what foreigner dared interfere and also in support of Mr. Whitbread's with our form of government. It was motion for peace with Napoleon, Of all curious to see among the Powers siguing the critical periods during the two and the treaty, the Ministers of Austria, Spain, twenty years' struggle with France, none Portugal, Denmark, and Sweden. Some of them was so pregnant with consequences of these had not only restored the Inquiso favourable, or so prejudicial, to the sition, but had sanctioned the separation of cause of general freedom, as the period in Norway from Denmark, Genoa from its which we now live. It is of the utmost ancient constitution, and Saxony from its consequence, therefore, that those who legitimate monarch. Such persons were have hitherto borne the weight of carrying unfit to reform other States; they wanted on the


and must again bear the burden reformation at home. Mr. Waithman res of the new contest, should not only have minded the Livery that they had petitiontheir eyes opened to the true state of mat- ed against the Property Tax and the Corn ters, but that they should be acquainted Bill, and though their prayers had not

; with the names of those Members of Par- been heard, it was most essential they liament, who have endeavoured to stem should petition Parliament against the war. the torrent which threatens to overwhelm He condemned the conduct of the Allies Europe.

in putting Bonaparte out of the pale of The Common Hall was held on Thurs- the law. They had no right, he said, to day the 27th ult. The Lord Muyor, after proscribe any individual; such a power the requisition had been read, addressed belonged only to the Supreme Being. the Livery, and intimated, that as far as [Here a most violent clamour ensued; a his authority would go, he should endea- great number of persons hissed and invour to procure each speaker silence and terrupted Mr. Waithman, exclaimingorderly attention. Mr. Waith man then off, off! No friends of Bonaparte! &c.] stood forward, and said, he had never ap- The Lord Mayor then came forward, and peared before the Livery on a more impor- silence being obtained, said the Livery tant subject than that he had to propose would recollect that he was sworn to preto them. He did not appear for the pur- serve the peace and public tranquillity, pose of discussing any particular form of and he was determined to maintain it. As government, or the rights of individuals, the meeting had been called for a quiet but it was to recognize the great basis of discussion of the subject, they would the Constitution. Twenty years ago, he doubtless give the Speakers on both sides said, he addressed them on the same ques- the question an equal chance of being tion, namely, on the principle of engaging heard. If they did not observe order he in war without just cause of war. What should be under the necessity of putting ever might be said in other quarters, he an end to the Common Hall. Mr. Waithcould venture to say, the citizens of Lon- man then resumed his arguments against don did not see the cause of war. The the war, and having condemned the re.. principle he should endeavour to inculcate newal of the Property Tax, and all the


war arrangements, concluded amidst loud to interfere in our internal concerns, we cannot uproar and interruption, by moving the but consider any attempt to dictate to France, or following resolutions, which embodied any other country, the form or mode of its Goe nearly the whole of his speech.

vernment--the person who shall or shall not be

at the head of such Government, or in any way Resolved,—That this Common Hall, having re. to interfere in its internal policy and regulations, cently witnessed the marked disregard shewn to as highly inspolitic, and manifestly unjust, and the Petitions from this cily, and those of the na- deprecate all attempts to involve this country in tion at large, are the more strongly confirmed in

a war for such an object-a war against those the conviction of the corrupt state of the repres principles, which this vation has ever maintained sentation, and the total want of sympathy in opi. and acted npon. nion and feeling between the House of Commons Torn by the miseries and calamities of the late and the people.

devastating war; still tasting the bitter fruits of That these considerations would, ander circum.. that protracted conflict; and no means having stances of less importance, have deterred os from been adopted to lessen our national burthens, by the exercise of a right which appears to liave been those necessary retrenchments in the national exrendered nugatory; but hopeless as we fear it is penditure so earnestly and so repeatedly called again to address that Hon. House, yet, at a crisis for loy the people; but, on the contrary, an Act 80 moinentous-when a determination appears to has been passed, restricting the importation of have been so strongly manifested by the Ministers corn, by which a tax is virtually imposed of seveof the Crown again to plange this devoted coup. ral millions per annum upon food, and entailing try into the horrors of war-we feel it to be an npon us in times of peaee one of the greatest evils imperious daty to our country, onrselves, and produced by the war. Before, therefore, we are posterity, to use every constitutional means to- plonged into another war, and in support of such wards averting from the nation the overwhelming principles, we miglit ask what has been gaiued by ealanıitics with which it is menaced.

the immense sacrifices we have already made? That the Livery of London, have, segn, with and, contemplating the disastrous consequences feelings of abhorrence, the Declarations and Trea- of a failure in this new crotest, the people have a ties of the Allied Powers, and to which are af right to demand wlrat advantages are proposed fixed the names of British Ministers, wherein are even in the event of its success, or at least to be avowed and promulgated the monstrous and unsatisfied that hostilities are unavoidable, and that heard-of principles, that the breach of a Con every means of fair and honourable negociation vention by a Sovereign “ destroys the only legal have been exerted, and liad proved ineffectual. “ title on which his existence depended-places That to enter into such a contest in the present “ laim without the pale of civil and social relations state of the country, with all our national funds " —reuders him liable to public vengeance"--and mortgaged to their ntinost bearing, and that withthat, consequently, “ there can be neither peace out an effort at negociation : or to refuse to con6 nor truce with bim;"—principles revolting to the clo

a treaty with any power, under the prefeelinge of civilized society-repignant to tlic sumption that such treaty may, at some remote riguts, liberties, and security of all States—and period, be broken, appears to us an act of insaevincing a combination, or rather a conspiracy, nity-putting to hazard not only the property and wliich, if once sanctioned, would lead to couise happiness of families, but the very existence of quences the most dreadful and alarming, and for the British Empire, and tending to exclude for which there is no parallel in the listory of the ever from the world the blessings of peace. world.

Were the inpolicy of a new war upon such That, recollecting the noble struggles which principles, and nnder .such circumstances, at all our ancestors have made for re-establishing and doubtful, or were Government at all to be bene. preserving their liberties-recollecting the fre. fited by the result of experience, we need but re. quent reformations they have made iu the Go. cal to recollection the memorable Manifesto of verument that they have always maintained and the Duke of Brunswick at the commencement of exercised this right and that the august family the late contest--a Manifesto which had the effect now upon the throne, derived the right to the of arousing and uniting all the energies of the Crown, not by hereditary claims, but upon the le-French patiou, and gave that victorious impulse gitimate foundation of all anthority, the choice of to her arms which endangered the liberties of tle people-and indignantly disclaiming, as our Europe; we need but call to recollection, that ancestors have done, all right in Foreign Powers during the progress of that war, notwithstanding

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the imniense sacrifices of British blood, and wan- Resolved--That the said Petition be fairly ton waste of British treasure, lavished in subsi- transcribed, and signed, by the Right Hon. the dizing Allies to figlit in their own cause, we have Lord Mayor, two Aldermen, and twelve Livery. not unfrequently seen those powers, who entered men, and presented to the Honourable House of into the contest in alliance with this country, Cominons, by the Representatives of this City in abandon that alliance, and joined in league with Parliament. France, endeavouring to exclude us from the Resolved Unanimously-That the thanks of Continent of Europe.

this Meeting be given to the Right Hon, the Lord That, after all our sacrifices, and all our exer- Mayor, for his readiness in calling this Comnign tions, in the common cause, we failed to procure Hall, and for his strict impartiality in presiding from one Sovereign that tribute to Humanity- over the debates of this day. the Abolition of the Slave Trade ; and beheld an

Resolved- That the thanks of this Common other Monarch commence his career by re-esta

Hall be given to Mr. Robert Waithmari and Mr. blishing the Inquisition, persecuting the best pa. Samuel Favel, for their real and ability siewn triots of the country, and even prohibiting the upon all occasions conducive to the public wel. introduction of British manufactures into his do. fare, and so conspicuously manifested this day. minions.

Mr. Fuvel condemned the Declaration That the Livery of London have ever been, of the Allics, the Property Tax, the Corn and now are, ready to support the honour, the Bill, and the policy on which the war character, and the interests of the British Empire, was to be renewed. Mr. Perring proand to resist every act of aggression; but, 'seeing fessed himself unable to comprehend the all the consequences of the late war, looking at nature of resolutions which seemed to him the depressed state of the country, the burthens to wander far from the object in view; the and privations of the people, the financial diffi- language, however, of the requisition was culties, the uncertainty and hazards of war, seeing intelligible, and to that he would confine, likewise that France has disclaimed all intention himself. If he understood the question, of interfering in the concerns of other nations, it was to decide whether the country that she has declared her determination to adhere should or not, under the present circumto the Treaty of Paris, that she has made pacific stances, enter on a war against the Goovertures to the different 'Allied Powers, has vernment of France. He was not prealready abolished the Slave Trade, and given other pared to afford any sanction to such a indications of returning to principles of equity and Although he cordially agreed with moderation; and holding, as we do, all wars to a Right Ilon. Gentleman, whom he consibe unjost, unless the injury snstained is clearly dered not only the most eloquent, but one defined, and redress by negociation cannot be ob- of the soundest statesmen (Mr. Plunkett) tained ; and more particularly holding in abhor- that we should be justified in such a war rence all attempts to dictate to, or interfere with, so far as the right went; it by no means other nations in their internal concerns, we can followed that it would be expedient to not but protest against the renewal of hostilities, exercise such a right. He entertained as neither tonniled in justice nor necessity. great doubts of such expediency. He

That it is with feelings of indignation we per distrusted the elements of which the proceive his Majesty's Ministers have proposed the posed alliance was composed :-let it not renewal of that most gülling, oppressive, and be imagined, that although it consisted of hateful Inqnisition, the T'ax upon Income, an In- the same nations, that only twelve months quisition which had, in consequence of the uni- since drove France within nearly her anversal execration it excited, been recently and cient limits, it was therefore formed of the reluctantly abandoned, and which we had hoped same materials; he feared that the Conconld never have been again renewed, at least gress at Vienna had effected a lamentable dnring the existence of that generation who re- change in its composition (applause). membered its oppressions.

The league against France had been irreThat a Petition be presented to the House of sistible, because the people felt the cause Commons, praying them to interpose their au- their own, and every heart beat in unison thority to stop a weak, rash, and infatuated Ad. with the Government. Would the people ministration in their mad and frightful career, of this country feel that they had now and to adopt such measures as may best pre such an interest in the contest, as to in. serve the peace and promote the prosperity of duce them to submit with chearfulness to the uation.

the sacrifices it would require? That our


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