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for war.

resources were ample to maintain any con- rulers and laws by which they were to be test in which our honour and real interests governed. Louis XVIII. was

as much were felt to be at stake, he was well con- the legitimate heir to the Crown of Engvinced (loud checring); but it was neces- land as France, being in some degree resary that there should be an unanimity on lated to the Stuarts. Ile contended, amidst the point, which did not appear to exist loud groans, hissing, and interruption, on the present subject. Mr. Perring con- which continued some time, that war was sidered that there was but one safe course unjust and impolitic.—Mr. Thompson, anto pursue-which was to be prepared:- other vehement orator, supported the Refor whatever other Gentlemen might solutions, and eulogized his friend Mr. think, he suspected Bonaparte, notwith Waithman.--Mr. s. Dixon opposed the standing all his professions of moderation, sentiments averse to war. The advocates and he should as soon expect the Ethio- of Bonaparte were so deluded by their pian to change his skin or the leopard his idol, that they lost all recollection that he spots, as that Bonaparte would prove was a man who had never kept one engagedifferent from what the last twenty years ment in his life. He was a man who had had shewn him to be. He gave his assent violated every oath, every declaration he to the proposed Resolutions so far as they had made. Would any man among them went to prevent the country being preci- make a contract with a person who had pitated into a war, of the policy of which broken his faith as Bonaparte had? lle he confessed himself doubtful.--Mr. Hunt, expressed a hope that the Livery of Lonof Bristol, gave his decided support to the don would not disgrace themselves by Resolutions, and contended with uncom- agreeing to the resolutions, which would mon assurance, that there was no pretence prove a precious morsel for Bonaparte

French messengers had proved and his friends. He protested against the that the intentions of France were peace- resolutions. A most violent clamour able; they were ready to abide by the again rendered the appearance of the Chief peace of Paris ; although it was forced Magistrate necessary. The Lord Mayor on them, they were willing to continue having again restored order, Mr. Dixon at peace on those terms. It was his concluded by recommending the Livery opinion, if the war was renewed, that it to oppose a proceeding established on would be a war of unjust aggression. It theory and abstract reasoning. Mr. was a war to set the Bourbons on the Flower (a printer) entered a long train of throne. Some years ago a crusade was objections to the conduct of the Allied undertaken by the Powers of Europe Sovereigns. The Emperor of Austria against the rights of man, and if the peo- had been as much the enemy of his counple went to war now it would be for the try as Bonaparte, and by breaking his same object. He denied that Louis the treaties, had shewn himself actuated by Eighteenth was the legitimate King of the same policy as his son-in-law. Hava France. He was descended from Hugh ing contended that the French had the Capet, who forfeited the throne; the peo- right of making their own rules and rulers, ple having decreed that the Bourbons he gave his support to the resolutions, should cease to reign, none of that House Mr. Waithman made a reply. The resocould be called legitimate heirs to the lutions were then read and agreed to by crown. The people had not only the a large majority of hands. It was next right of dethroning kings, but of taking off agreed, that the resolutions should be emtheir heads, if they despised the laws. The bodied in a Petition to be presented to the people of England not only took off the House of Commons by the City Members. head of Charles the First, but drove the Mr. Waithman then moved the Thanks Stuarts from the throne. The Sovereigns of the Meeting to the Lord Mayor, for of England had since held their govern- his readiness in granting the Meeting, &c.; ment by law. They were legitimate sove- and the same being unanimously carried, reigns, but if they were to disobey the the Lord Mayor returned thanks. Mr. laws of the people they govern, and were líunt then moved the 'Thanks of the Meetdeprived by the nation of their rights, they ing to Mr. Waithman, for the able manwould cease to be legitimate. The people ner in which he had conducted the busihad the sole and absoluto right of electing ness of the day. Mr. Thompson seconded

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FOR RECEIVING THE CITY PETIT.ON.

the motion, which was carried; and, after LIST OF THE MINORITY a speech in return from Mr. Waithman,

ON MR. WHITBREAD'S MOTION FOR PEACE. the Common Hall was dissolved. The proceedings on this occasion (concludes Abercrombie, Hn. J. Langton, W. G. the reporter) were of the most clamorous Althorpe, Lord Maddox, W. A. tiescription, and Guildhall was not unlike Atherley, Arthur Martin, J. a bear-garden.

Aubrey, Sir John Martin, H.

Astell, William Nonck, Sir C. LIST OF THE MINORITY IN THE HOUSE Barnard, Viscount Moore, Peter OF COMMONS,

Bewick, C.

Mackintosh, Sir J.
Birch, Joseph Montgomery, Sir H.
Brand, Hon. Thos. Newport, Sir J.

Byng, George Osborne, Lord F.
Abercrombie, Hon. Kemp, -

Buller, James

Pierse, H.
Burdett, Sir F.
King, Sir J. D.

Burdett, Sir F. Phillips, G.
Byng, G.
Littleton, Hon. H.

Calvert, Charles Piggott, Sir A,
Baring, H.
Lubbock, Jn.

Cavendislı, Ld. G. Prittie, Hon. F. A.
Berkeley, H.
Martin, J.

Cavendish, Henry Plumer, W.
Bennett, Hon. H. Milton, Ld.

Cavendish, Charles Ponsonby, Right Ho. G. Baring, Sir T. Montgomery, Sir H.

Chaloner, R.

Pym, Francis
Barham, J. F.
Newport, Sir J.

Coke, Thomas Paullet, Honourable H.
Broadhurst, J.
Neville, Hon.
Campbell, Hon. J.

Vane
Brand, Hop. T.
Nigent, Ld.

Carew, R.S.

Ramsden, S. C.
Calvert, C.
Osborne, Lord F.

Dundas, Charles Romilly, Sir S.
Cavendish, Ld, G. Preston, R.

Dundas, Hon. L. Rowley, Sir Win. Cavendisli Charles, Ponsonby, Right

Duncannon, Vist. Scudamore, R. P. Calcraft, Jn.

Hon. G.

Ferguson, Sir R. Smyth, J. H.
Drake, W. S.
Proby, Ld.

Foley, Hon. A. Smith, W.
Fitzroy, Ld. Jn.
Phillips, G.

Foley, Col. T. Smith, J.
Ferguson, Sir R. Protheroe, E.

Gordon, R.

Seabright, Sir J. Lefevre, Shaw Rowley, Sir Wm.

Grant, J. P.

Tavistock, Marquis
Finlay, K.
Ridley, Sir M. W.

Guise, Sir William Taylor, M. Angelo
Forbes, Ch.
Robinson, A.

Horner, F.

Tierney, Rt. Hon. G. Grant, P. Smith, W.

Halsey, J.

Wellesley, R.
Gordon, Wm.
Smyth, J. H.

Hornby, Edward Western, C. C.
Guise, Sir Williain Smith, R.

Howorth,
H.

Wharton, Jolin
Gascoigne, Gen. Scudamore, R.

Latouche, R.

Whitbread, S.
Gaskell, B.
Tierney, Rt. Hon. G.

Littleton, Hon. W. Wilkins, Walter
Hornby, Edward
Tavistock, Marquis

Leach, J.

Winnington, Sir E.
Horner, F.
Whitbread, S.

Lemon, Sir W.

Webster, Sir G. Hammersley, H. Wortley, Sh.

TELLERS.-Hon. H. Bennett and Sir M, Ridley. Hamilton, Ld. A. Wellesley, H. Jervoise, G. P. Wilkins, W.

Fraukland, T. Stanley,

Lord TELLERS-Aldermau Atkins and Sir William Lefevre, C. Shaw Swann, Henty Curtis,

Neville, Hon. R.

PAIRED OF

Printed and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed @.

the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.

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a very

LETTER VII.

subject. I shall here deal in prophecies To the EARL of LIVERPOOL,

again; and shall not be at all afraid of

proving, in the end, to have been a false On the part which America is likely to prophet. You appear to me now to be in take in a War between England and fair

way of adding another six hunFrance.

dred millions to our debt, and of bringing

the guinea up to forty shillings, instead of My Lord,-From several parts of twenty-eight shillings, at which point it America I have received thanks for my is now arrived. I wish to prevent this; Letters to your Lordship on the subject of and, if I do not succeed, I shall, at any the American war. The people in Ame- rate, have these pages to refer to, when rica think, or, at least, many of them the mischief has taken place; and when think, that those Letters had great weight few besides myself will be able to say

that in producing the peace of Ghent, than they did all in their power to prevent it. which you and your colleagues never I am of opinion, that France alone is adopted any measure more wise nor in now, as she was in 1793, more than a better time. Yet, you have never thanked match for the coalition against her. But, me for my advice. You, to whom the I am-further of opinion, that, before the peace was much more necessary than to war against her be six months old, you Mr. Madison, have never acknowledged will see America taking a part in it, unless your obligations to me. You have ap- you carefully abstain from every thing peared to be sulky with me, though I that can be construed into a violation of taught you so exactly what to do, in order neutral maritime rights. to avoid the great evils which were coming War, or peace, with America, will deupon you from all quarters. The conse-pend upon the opinions of the people in quences of the Americañ war were fore- that country. The people there are really told by me nearly two years before the and truly represented in the Congress. war began. I told you that you would There are no vile sham elections in the have war, if you persevered in seizing United States.

That which the people men on board of American ships on the wills will be done. Tne Americans are a high seas. You did persevere; and you sensible people; they all read from a press had war. ' I told you that the Americans which is really free; they discuss all poli

I would beat you in fighting, if you con- tical matters freely. They love peace; tinued the war for two years. You con- they would prefer peace; they would tinued the war, and they did beat you. make some sacrifices to peace'; but they I told you, that you would never have will never hesitate a moment in preferring peace, if you demanded any concession war to slavery or dependance. from America. You insisted on great Now, then, what is likely to be the view concessions on her part as a sine qua non which the Americans will take of the preof peace; and, after three months more, sent scene in Europe? And what are likeyou made peace by giving up every thing, ly to be their feelings with regard to what not excepting the sine qua non itself. In is passing in this quarter of the world? It short, you expended fifty millions of mo- is very easy for our corrupt press to per• ney, and lost, I dare say, thirty thousand suade the alarmed and selfish part of Engmen, in accomplishing nothing, except land that it is necessary to plunge the creating a navy in America, causing her country into war, in order to root out the manufactures to flourish, and implanting present government of France. But, it in the hearts of Americans, for ages, a will not be so easy for any body to perhatred of the English government. suade the American people that such an

I remind you of these things, in order undertaking is just. They will see the matto bcspeak your attention on the present ter in its true light. They will see that

T

on.

Napoleon has been replaced at the head of the alledged traitors took shelter in of the goverament by the will of the peo- Gibraltar, they were given up to their ple of France ; they will see that he has hunters, and that when complaint of this had the wisdom and virtue to abandon his was made in our parliament, the reply ambitious projects; they will see that he was, that “ we had no right to interfere has voluntarily confined himself within the in the domestic affairs of Spain.The ancient limits of France; they will see Americans will ask, why this principle is that he has tendered the olive branch to all not applied to the domestic affairs of surrounding nations; they will see that he France. They will ask, not for vile, means to contend solely for the independ- foul-mouthed abuse of Napoleon and the ence of France; they will see that he French people; but for some proof of our has returned, as nearly as circumstances right to interfere against him. will permit, to the principles of 1789; Haring seen all these things; 'having they will see that he has provided for the seen what we and our Allies have been at people being really represented in the Le- in every part of Europe ; having seen that gislature; they will see that there is to be the people of France is the only people in Do religious persecution, and no predomi- Europe living under a government apnaat church in France; they will see that proaching towards a resemblance to their the French people have derived great be- own, they will want very little to assist. nefits from the revolution, and that now them in forming a correct opinion as to all these benefits are to be confirmed to the real object of the war against France, them; in France they will see a free peo- if such war should now, without

provople, and in Napoleon they will see the cation on the part of France, be resolved Soldier of Freedom.

On the other hand, they will ask what It appears to me, therefore, that the right England, or any other power, can American people will, at least, feel great inhave to interfere in the internal affairs of terest in this war, much greater than they France; they will ask why England felt in the last war; and, that as they have should not treat with him now as wett as just laid down their arms, after a contest at Amiens; why not treat with him as in defence of their maritime rights, they well as with the Directory at Lille. They will, 'the moment they hear of this 'war, will ask why England should refuse to prepare again for that defence. America, treat with him, from whom she received in all likelihood, will again be the only the Islands of Ceylon and Trinidad. They neutral nation. There will be no Milan Will'ask what can be the real object, the land Berlin Decrees to give a prétence for ultimate object, of a coalition of those Orders in Council. So if we trench powers who were assembled at Vienna, upon her rights, her ground of war will and who were disposing of states at their be cleared of all confusion. She will pleasure.

stand upon her indisputable rights. And, The Americans have seen the republic if she be left in the full and free enjoyment of Genoa given to the King of Sardinia ; of her advantages as a neutral power, she they have seen Poland parcelled out be will carry on three-fourths of the comtween Prussia, Russia, and Austria ; they merce of the world. Our cruizers' may have seen the fleet of Denmark taken keep'at sea, but it will be only to witness away; they have seen the people of the the increase of her mercantile marine, and Republic of Holland sunk into the 'sab-f all the proofs of her wonderful prosperity. jects of a King; they have seen the Re- France will receive all that she wants from public of Vevice transferred to the Em- foreign countries by American ships. Amor peror of Austria ; "they have seen the Pope rica will supplyher with colonial produce, replaced with the Jesuits at his heels; and with certain articles of manufacture. they have seen, that, in Spain, where a The latter will, through the same thanErco constitution had been formed by men nel, 'find an outlet for much of her abund. who had been fighting on our side, the ant produce. These two countries will King has been brought back; that he has become much more closely connected thaa destroyed this Constitution; that he has ever, and we should come out of the war

treated the makers of it as traitors; "that shorn of our means, while the means of all he has revescábliebed the inquisition which sorts of America would be found to be Kapoleon led abolished; that when'two l prodigiously increased,

But, my Lord, is it quite certain that I to the well-governing of other nations. the people of America would not feel When they saw the sleet called upon oflistrongly disposed to take part in this war cially by the Lords of the Admiralty to against us? They see that France is the finish the American war in such a way as only country left with a gorernment re. would insure the LASTING TRẮNsembling their own. Great as is their dis- QUILLITY OF THE CIVILIZED tance from Europe, they have felt, that, WORLD. When they heard the Engwhen left to be dealt with single-handed, lish prints call upon the people of New their very existence, as an independant Englaud to separate themselves from the nation, was put iu jeopardy. There were Union. When they heard iť predicted, many persons in America, who loudly in these prints, that Mr. MADISON would blamed the President, Washington, for be put to death, and that the people would not taking part with the French, even forin a connection with the PARENT when America had not a single public ship state. And, when, upon the heels of all of war. They reasoned thus :--that Eng. these predictions and threats, they saw an land was, from the nature of her force, as army actually sent off from France to well as the situation of her dominions, the fight against America; when they saw that only enemy that America had to fear; identical army, which had been engaged that she had never ceased to demonstrate against Napoleon, sent to invade America a hostile mind towards America; that she by the way of Lake Champlain; wher

saw in America not only a successful they saw the war of fire and plunder carexample of democratic revolution, but a ried on upon their sea-coast. When those dangerous rivat in commerce and maritime who were for war on the side of the power; that she only waited for a favour- French Republic, in 1793, saw all the e able moment to use all her force to crush things in 1814, how they must have trithis rising rival; and, therefore, it was umphed !

less dangerous to declare, at once, for the America must feel great confidence in Republic of France, and make common herself from her past achievements. The cause with her, than to wait the issue of skill and bravery of her seamen and landthe contest, in which, if France should troops must give her great confidences.

fall," America "could not long survive But, there is no man who reflects (and the without, at least, another long and bloody Americans are a reflecting people) who war upon her

will not perceive, that, with all her valour This was the reasoning against peutra- and all her virtue, America has had a very Jity in 1793. How these reasoners must narrow escape; and, that, if all had bec: have triumphed in 1814! When they quite settled in Europe, she would have

, : saw all ground of dispute between Eng- had to carry on a much longer and more land and America removed by the close bloody contest. It cannot but be evident of the war in Europe. When they saw, to the American Statesman, that, if France that, instead of this producing in England were to be completely subdued ; if she a disposition to make peace, it only pro- were reduced to that state to be obliged duced redoubled activity in the war. When to receive a ruler dictated by us and our they read, in the very same English 'news- allies; if her hands and feet were thus papers that told them of the abdication of tied for ages; and, if the situation of all Napoleon, that NOW, NOW, NOW! Europe were such as to leave the whole unwas the happy moment for crushing Ame- divided power of England to be employce rica; for putting an end to the existence against America, the situation of the latof the mischievous example of democratic ter would be, at least, very unpleasant, rebellion" exhibited in the American not to say precarious. And, if such a perso: Union. When they heard their President considers what were the real objects of and the majority of the Congress deno. England in 1814, the manner in whic: mipated, in these same papers rebels and the war terminated, and what an excellent traitors.When they saw, in the report memory she has, he must be a bold man of a speech of a Lord of the Admiralty, indeed if he feel no apprehensions at the that Mr. MADISON was to be deposed, as total subjugation of France. Napoleon had been deposed. When they It has not been forgotten in America, saw the breaking up of the Americani that, directly after the abdication of NaUnion represented as absolutely necessary. polron, there appeared an article in our

own soil.

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