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cans be upon their guard against it. It is speaking of Napoleon. They call him 2 aspiring Aristocracy in its most alluring perfidious traitor, an audacions rebel, a guise; it is imposture of the most danger- vile miscreant, a run-away coward, a ous kind
It tends to the creating of monster, whom every body hates, an enepauperism; to the forming of a class in my to tranquillity, happiness, and order, the community, who have no interest in a hater of mankind, with whom no peace supporting the rights and liberties of the or trúce can, or ought to, be made; and, nation, and who are to be bought and to complete the climax, he is said to be a sold like cattle. These'societies ought to devil incarnate, but hy which of the fallen be resolutely attacked and exposed. Aangels he was begotten we are not yet inlittle matter would break them up amongst formed. Doubtless they will next tell us á sensible people. I wish I could shew he is Belzabub, the prince of the devils. the people of America the effects of pau. These calumniators have a great facility perism in England; I wish I could make in the use of these epithets. They apply them see the degradation which it has them to all who think different from thembrought upon the land of their fore- selves. You, Sir, have very pointedly fathers :--there yould need nothing more. animadverted on their modest declamations
against Mr. Madison, the American PreWAR AGAINST FRANCE.
sident. It was certainly a very pious
arowal of theirs, that “ the world should MR. COBBETT-There are some persons " be delivered of such a démocratic traiwith whom it is in vain to reason, and “tor," “ and that no peace can or ought whom it is impossible to convince. 6.to be made. with so rebellious a goproof of this, the effects of prejudice and “vernment.”. Much the same language blind incredulity were never more palpa- was used in speaking of the immortal bly evinced than in the declarations, so Washington, when that admired charepeatedly made, by most of the public racter directed the affairs of the most injournals, that the army, and not the peo- dependent representative government in ple of France, are favourable to the return the world. Truth stands in no need of of Napoleon; that the nation at large abusive language to support it. Such mean has a perfect dislike to his name, character, and contemptible expressions militate and government; and that no proof of at- against the cause they are intended to tachment by the people has yet been given, serve. The Moniteur -some time ago infrom the moment of his landing at Frejus formed us that the loyalty of the Wrench to the time of his entering the city of Paris ; to the Bourbons was universul. Why 110 not even up to the present period. then did not the Duke de Oitans, and When such declarations as these are made, the French Marshal who went with him in the face of so many opposite facts, it is to Lyons, excite the people of that great almost impossible for any evidence, how.city to resistance ? Opportunities have ever strong, to remove such deep rooted been afforded the people in various parts prejudice.. What kind of evidence, short of France to prove their attachment to of a miracle, would be deemed sufficient Louis, had they been so disposed. The to convince such wilful perverseness? exertions of the Duke of Angouleme, as It is not a little curious to see how they well as his heroic Duchess, were incapable attempt to account for Napoleon's unin- of rousing them to support their cause, terrupted march to Paris. His landing, notwithstanding they had royal blood in they tell us, was so sudden and unexpect their veins, and tongues pouring forth reed; his movements so rapid and direct, wards on all who heard them.
It is nothat every loyal citizen was seized with a toriously true, that Napoleon landed with - momentary astonishment. A paralytic af- a little band of 600 men. While moving fection deprived the nation of all motion, forward to the capital, why was le not and all sense of feeling, except that a small arrested in his progress at Digne, at Gaji, disaffected rabble, the dregs of the mili- at Grenoble, or at Lyons, before his military, basely attached themselves to the tary strength became formidable? At “ vile tyrant," and conducted him to neither of these places, nor at any other Paris! For a moment let us glance at in the whole of his march, did a single inthe moderation and modesty, the impar- dividuai oppose him. Can it be imagined, if tiality aud cundour of these men, when such a force wasto land in any part of Eng..
land, with the intention of subverting our : May it not rather be said that no one will glorious constitut on, that it could proceed be at peace with him ?-Let the experitwenty miles witnout meeting a successful ment be fuirly tried. Even the honest opposition, if not a total annihilation? ox, by constantly goading, will turn again. Two months have esap-ed since Napoleon's The war party confidently aver, that the arrival in France. Still all remains tran- combat ouce begun will soon, very soon quil. iime has been al lowed to re- terminate; that the overwhelming armies move thai astonishment, which, it is pre- of the Allies will give no chance for the tended, deprived the nation of all motion “ tyrant's" escape. It is much easier to and sense of feeling. The wheels of go- say what shall be done than to accomplish vernment, through all l'rance, proceed with it. Let such silly advocates turn their atthe same regu arity and order as though tention to the state of France at the time it had been oi long standing. There ap. the celebrated Duke of Brunswick entered pears to be no difliculty in making ap- that fine country with his iohuman Propointments to any oflice, or of forming in- clamation. It will be remembered that st.tutions, which would do honour to any France was then disorganized, her councils country. The abolition of the Slave divided, the army scattered; no rallying Trade, and the establishment of popular point to look at, and the people dissatisfied Education; these two acts alone will and tumultuous. Yet with all these disband Vapol'on's name down to future advantages, the invading army was disages with gratitude. Formerly he puzzled comfitted, beaten, confounded, and disthe Sovereigns of Europe by the splendour graced. The condition of France at this of his armis.
Now he puzzles them by his time will not bear a comparison. Its premoderation. ile assures the world " he sent advantages are infinitely superior to 6 will not be the aggressor.” That “his the former period. The kingdom is uni“ first wish is to become useful in estab- ted. The army organised, and the re
Jishing the repose of Europe;" to prove sources great; so that they are in a condi, which he has sent pacific overtures to the tion to wage war with any who have tedifferent powers bow arning against him. merity enough to combat with them. These powers have not disclosed the pro. France has again exercised the unalienable positions. All that is known, therefore, right which every nation possesses. She respecting them, must be gathered from has called Napoleon to the throne, and what he, or the French government, have peace reigns throughout her vast empire. said on the subject. France seeks no en. Millions rejoice at his arrival, Can any largement of dominion, nor desires to in- ' principle in equity justify a war which terfere with the internal government of has no better foundation than personal other countries. Sie is willing to acceed revenge? Must the peace, order, and to the conditions entered into at the close tranquillity of one of the finest countries al the war.
What more is wanted? The in the world be desolated and distracted sanguinary hirelings of the day inform us, by a war faction, because one man lives? ihat nothing short of Napoleon's life will Is the naked spear to find a grave in satisfy ihem; that Europe and the world slaughtered multitudes? Must the ravages can be safe and happy only in his death. of war kindle up a flame, and convulse ali But hribes and rewards have as yet proved Europe, because one man exists who is obą ineffectual to accomplish the pious design. noxious to us.? The very idea overwhelms Napoleon, they inform us, is so perfidious the human heart with terror and dismaya character that he violates his treaties. How tremendously awful will be the reDoes this charge exclusively belong to the sponsibility of that faction who encourages Emperor of France? Have no solemn en- and commences the devastating carnage! gagements been disregarded by others? Humanity bleeds at the anticipated proNapoleon and Murat, King of Naples, re- spect.-Yours respectfully, tort the same charge, with equal confi
MERCATOR. dence, on the allies. If it is right to invade France because treaties have been
AEDICATION OF BONAPARTE. broken, where is the country that be invaded? Again, the friends of war MR. CORBETT.In the publication of say, Napoleon is such a restless tyrant the celebrated treaty of Fontainbleau, a that no one can live in peace with him. trcaty that will probably be regarded by remote posterity as one of hoaxing me- called to that high office. by the very mory, you judiciously observed, that the sovereignty of the people, the only legicharacter, the tenor, and political impor- timate source of magisterial appointment, tance of its terms with reference to Bona- and the undisguised terror and dismay of parte, appeared to be such as better de despots. It is now very generally, though noted a conquering than å vanquished absurdly enough, objected by the undispower. They certainly proved the mili- criminating adversaries of the French Emtary resources of the then imperial govern. peror, that the Allies were blameable, ment of France, and evinced, that a dread nay, almost criminal, in suffering so danwas feit on the part of the Allies at put- gerous a person to be stationed so near the ting to risk the possible issue of a pro- shores of France as in the island of Elba; tracted contest. Its continuance must that if circumstances did not exactly admit indeed have been most sanguinary. Its of putting him to death, yet the least cessation, therefore, by any conceivable that could have been done with him, conmeans, was preferable to urging on the hor-sistently with the security of Europe, was rible work of carnage, Humanity owes the to have placed him where he never could homage of gratitude to all the conflicting be again on the political arena of the parties, for acceding to the pacific stipula- world. In short, that he should have tions of the treaty of Fontainbleau. Wher been dungeoned for life. How pretty is ther that arrangement was founded on a all this, in petty, in childish resentment; secret understanding, that the abdication but how mighty foolish to attempt imposof the imperial throne was to bę but tem- sibilities.--The military power of Bonaporary, is a circumstance with respect to parte, coupled with the resources of his the public articles, only to be vindicated vast mind, was greater at the time he by the modern justification that has been signed the treaty of Fontainbleau than so often offered of state artifices and that of all Europe put together. It might chicanery. Considering the bad faith with be difficult to gain credit for this assertion, which the French Emperor had been had not the recent expression of the militreated by his former Allies, it was a sort tary feeling of France in his favour inconof ruse de guerre, or rather de paix, trovertibly proved its correctness. It was which merits more properly to be regarded reserved for the year 1815 to give, to the as an adroit piece of lex tallionis than as astonished world, an instance of a person a flagrant instance of mala fides. But who had incurred the remorseless, rethe warranty of Bonaparte for resuming proaches, and indecent vitifications of the French throne, is affirmed to rest on a the governing part of nations, being redirect violation of the avowed conditions ceived, as it were by one heart and hand, of that treaty. The non-performance of by millions of a populace devoted to his the stipulations respecting the Italian military, his political, and his moral dutchies to his Empress and Son, and the virtues. Ancient Rome furnishes instances alledged design of wresting from him the of the military transferring the imperial sovereignty of Elba, are criminating diadem to favourite individuals ; but then proofs of the want of good faith in the it was when the situation was vacillating contracting parties.-Independently of the between contending favourites. France voice of the French people, loud and presents a spectacle of receiving a banished heart-selt, in recalling their expatriated Emperor into her bosom; of his traversing, Emperor, his right to the throne of France the extensive regions of that populcus is founded on a violation of treaty; so country, to the very capital, in a manner that what might have been a moral abdi- more like making a pleasureable excursion cation had the conditions of obtaining it than as performing a hazardous enterbeen observed, ceased to have any autho- prise; of his being every where openly rity the moment these conditions were caressed ; of his finally reaching the scat violated. It does, therefore, appear, that of government without an opposing shot the throne reyerts to him as his undoubted having been fired; and all this in the right, even were it not imposed on him midst of some shew and much legislative by the free and universal acclamation of prattle about heroic resistance to his an approving people. No potentate on progress. The Bourbon government tous earth can have a better right to sovereign summarily supplanted, was strong in form puthority than Bonaparte. He is again but wholly destitute of that substantialpower which is only to be found in the city; all these concurring circumstances, bearts of the governed. Legislators however much they served to recommend may strut in office, and talk largely, but this document to the notice of the conwithout the authority emanating from ductors of our newspapers, seem to hare public confidence, it dwindles into mere been considered by this venal crew, as af. puppetium, and becomes the Vox et præ- fording good cause for its suppression. terca nihil. A potentate like Bonaparte, Even the conductor of the Morning Chroseatrd in the rightful throne of his people's nicle, whose columns have lately been choice and attachment, cannot be. shifted stuffed with, what he has been pleased to from his imperial eminence without an call, “ Most important State Papers," but extent of carnage that can never be war which no one else regarded in that light; ranted, and which cannot be hazarded at least, which possessed only a secondary without drawing on its authors execration character. Even, I say, the penetrating, and ruin.
VERITAS. the impartial, the liberal politician, Mr.
Perry, could not, or rather would not,
publish this interesting letier, in his imma. INTERESTING DOCUMENTS.--In my last culate journal. If he believed it a forI had occasion to censure all our corrupt gery, why not say so, and give his reasons ze wspapers for suppressing the petition, for the assertion. If he considered it geand, some of them, the resolutions of the nuire, he merits execration for rejecting it. Livery of Luon against the threatened In refusing a place to a document of so war with France. I accused them of pub- much interest, he gives the most convincing lishing every thing calculated to intlame proofs that he is influenced by base and tiie public mind against the people and go. sordid motives, and that all his boasted atvernment of France, and to promote inter- tachment to the people's rights, is mere mitable war; I said that they carefully pretence, mere hypocritical cant, which kept out of view all those arguments, those is the more pernicious that it is wrapt in statements of fact, and those public docu- the veil of sincerity and truth. The folpients which d-monstrate the impolicy of lowing is the letter to which I allude, and hostilities, and furnish a clear and explicit which, as far as I have been able to discoexposition of the actual state of France, ver, has not appeared in any of our newsthe stability of the government, and the papers, except in the Postscript of the 7th deyntion of the people to their present instant.-I hope the conductor, or conruler. - 'This I have repeatedly shown to ductors, of that journal, whoever he or Le the way in which our corrupt press is they may be, will meet that support, which almost universally conducted. I have his, or their impartiality, in this instance, now before me a remarkable proof of this, merits, if any proof was wanting to establish the fact. A Sunday newspaper, entitied the Copy of a Dispatch from tke Duke of Postscript, professing to be conducted on
Otranto to Prince Metternich. liberal principles, contained, in its last My PRINCE-Every event has con• Bamber, two documents, the one bearing firmed what I predicted to you six months to be a better from Murat, king of Naples, ago. You were too pre-occupied to hear io sor Prince Regent, full of pacific senti- me; hearken to me now with attention ments, and the other a dispatch from the and confidence; we may, in the peculiar Duke of Otranto (Fouchejto Prince Met- circumstances and the imminent situations teruich the Austrian Minister. This last in which we are placed, influence in a I have given below. It will be read, I powerful manner, the approaching and am sure, with great attention by all who perhaps eternal destinies of France, of deprecate war, and who are friendly to li- Austria, and of Europe. You are deberiy. Nothing, indeed, could have been ceived respecting what is going on, and better written to expose the folly and futi- what is preparing in the midst of us.--lity of the arguments adduced by the war You will judge of the reports of a people faction.
But the ability which the writer rash and blinded by the misfortuves which bas displayed, the conviction which every strike without the power to enlighten them. ling carries with it of its truth, and the in- You are given to understand at Vienna, derual cvidence which it bears of authenti- that Napoleon has beeu brought back to the throne by the army alone; that there to cause them to believe that they owe noare none on his side but a soldiery drunk thing to the justice which is due to all with war.
But forthwith you will know other men, and that in consideration of that our army has not been recruited in their personal hatred to Napoleon, they public houses. Generals, Captains, sol. are authorised to 'rol the French of the diers, all are drawn entirely from the sacred right of their independence, absobosom of the nation; and for 25 years lute and without limit, in the choice our army has executed almost always of the Chief of the Empire.---Victory their wishes and the laws by the most has several times placed the political brilliant victories. How dare you tell us existence of the Powers of the North that it is the army alone which votes for at the mercy of the Emperor Napoleon, Napoleon ? Our legions do not range and he has not wished to erase any one themselves more promptly under their of them from the lists of nations. It is the colours than the Nation itself around his wish of Alexander, whose name is revered person and his throne. Almost every amongst us, to dispense with our render. where on his route, the popular insurrec- ing to his virtues the homage which they tions in his favour preceded the presence merit? Does the Emperor of Austria, in of Napoleon. The Bourbons, reduced to dethroning, contrary to his interests and seek in every place a Vendee, have not those of his monarchy, his son-in-law, found it even in La Vendee itself. Of so and his grand-son, wish to prove to the many armies of volunteers, which they | world, by the most astonishing and ausaid they had in the South, not one is thentic of all examples, that among the formed; and though some little bands most hideous of all the sentiments of trembled while they had at their head the human nature, hatred is that which has the Duke of Angouleme, they are become in- greatest sway over kings ! The people trepid by passing under the tri-coloured are not disposed to believe it: and in this flag. The power of the nation consists in age of revolutions it might be better to take its talents as much as in its armed force. care to dissuade them from it. In short, They think now, or they express them- my Prince, when it shall be beyond doubt selves 'with respect to Napoleon, in the that France is resolved to display all-her same manner in the towns, in the acade- forces, to expose all her destinies to sup. mies, and in the camps. Without doubt, I port on his throne the man who is thie liberty has been much restricted, but it object of her pride, who alone seems to kas never been destroyed. Glory, at least, her capable of guaranteeing all the exiswas a compensation for France; she de- tences and all the relations proceeding from sired not aggrandisements of which we ab- Revolution ; will the Princes at the Conjure the abuse; but she was not able to gress make the attempt, peiliaps a vain support the abasement when she had one, to tear him from his throne, at the thrown off the government of the Bour- price of all the torrents of blood which bons. The French people feel the ex- this new war will cause to be spilled ?-treme want of peace, they wish it as they What pretexts will cover so many outwish for happiness; but if they be forced rages on reason, on justice, and on humainto a war, they believe that, under Na- nity ?--They pretend that Napoleon canipoleon, they will not suffer disgrace. We not offer any guarantee with respect to do not wish, say the Powers assembled in the durability of the peace of Europe ; but Congress, to oblige France to take the what a strange mode of seeking this guaBourbons again; but Napoleon will not rantee, to commence their research by be recognised by us. France must choose replunging Europe in all the fury and another Chief; for, to restrict her, they horrors of war!-On the contrary, every add, we shall have, if necessary, 900,000 thing announces, every thing establishes, men. I shall not stop to discuss here the that any Prince in Europe, at the present principles of the rights of nations: it is too time, cannot give this guarantee of peace evident that they are all violated by a si- | in the same degree as Napoleon. No one milar pretention. The Emperor Napoleon has experienced so many dangers and vi. may demand from the Emperor of Russia, cissitudes of war, so many unexpected and from the Emperor of Austria, from the terrible reverses, as Napoleon.--It is, in King of Prussia, in what manner he has fact, a new life, as well as a new reign, merited from them, a hatred so violent, as I which the Emperor Napolcon commences,