Page images

Cuma (e,

Ludeed, they defended their measures by, of which JIr. Chateaubriand speaks so asserting that they were consonunt to the feelingly and so foolishly; one of the links principles und system of Pitt, and that he in the chain of the “ social system," which would bave done the same under like ciro has recently been under the hammers of

This the other party used to so many ab'e artizans at Vienna. The deny. Both parties pretended ibat they Regular Government of Algiers does not were, and still pretend that they are, the inake any prefaces to war. It observes a followers of Pitt. Ours is his system,” | dignified silence till it has actually begun siy one party. “ No,” say the other, and made some progress in the wur! Till *' it is us who possess his true system.” it has made a good liaul of the enemy's Like the two cozivents of monks, who, in ships, before he knows that he is looked their holy zeal, blackguarded each other upon as an enemy. This is the practice of for four centuries, each of them swearing the Reguiar Government; the “aucient that they possessed exclusively the real " and venerable institution, in Algiers.” cross on wlich Christ was crucisioti. Á mu. I shall now insert, first, an account of the tual friend to these ghostly brotherhoods, grounds of war froin the National Intelat one time, interfered, recoinmending a ligencer, published at Washington; next miracle to inake both real crosses. But the Report of Congress upon the subject; inis did not suit the brotherhood whose and last, the act of Congress declaring Cro4s happened to be in vogue, as they war against Algiers. For, the reader would thereby have let their rivals in for will observe, that, in the Irregular Goa share of the offerings.

vernment of America, war cannot be deNo miracle is, however, necessary in clared by the Chief Magistrate, without the case before us. The people of Eng- the consent of the people's reul represen.

. land, long ago cured of party delusions ; tatives. I reserve a few remarks to fol. long ago sickened by the professions of low the documents. bunters after place; long ago disgusted with the wrangling of the OUTS and the INS, Grounds of the War.- From the National 'whom they have constantly seen unite and

Intelligencer. cordially cooperate against reform; the It is probable that many of our readers people are quite willing to give them both may not bear in mind the facts on which credit for possessing the real Pitt system, the recent Declaration of War against Al. and to believe, that, if those who are now giers is predicated. We have, therefore, OUTS were INS, they would do precisely obtained for their information, the Report that which is now doing, and that which made on the subject by Mr. Gaston, of the will be done, by their opponents. House of Representatives, chairman of I am, Sir, with great respect,

the committee, to whom the bill was reyour faithful and obodient servant, committed in secret sitting. The docu

W. COBBETT. ments accompanying the Report, which

are too long, and perhaps not proper, for AMERICA AND ALGIERS.

present publication, are so conclusive, as

to leave no doubt on the mind of any ove As the war, which has now begun be- wlio hears or reads them, of the impostween the Democratic Rulers" of Ame- sibility of re-establishing Peace with the rica and the “ Regular Government of Dey of Algiers, unless by coercion, exAlgiers, may lead to important consecept under the most base and huniliating quences, it is proper to insert here the condition. Our readers may judge of grounds of this war, as far as we can come the inveterate hostility of that barbarian at them. We have the American official tyrant towards us, growing merely out of documents only. America has a tell-tale the most sordid cupidity and natural ferosort of government. It has no state secrets. city and cruelty of temper, by two or It blabs out the proceedings in negocia three facts, collected from a momentary tions, while the negociators are still assem- glance at the documents accompanying bled, Not so the Regular Government of the Report of the committee.--A person Algiers, which is one of the “* ancient and was entrusted, as from the American mertenerable institutions." which the Bosto-chants in Spain, with the task of endeanian Noblesse so, much admire; one of ouring to procure the liberation of the

I the gems iu the crowu of ancient glory;" eleven or twelve of our citizens captive in


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]



Algiers, for whom he was authorised to , and concealing her true American character. give a ransom, not exceeding 3000 dollars In this vessel was taken a Mr. Pollard, who per man. To

cvery attempt of this kind, claims to be an American citizen, and is believed the Dry replied, " that not for two mil- to be of Norfolk, Virginia, and wlio, as an Ame“lions of dollars would be sell his American citizen, is kept in captivity. The governrican slaves !” – In reply to an appli- ment, justly solicitous to relieve these nnfortircation, in the most confidential manner, nate capiives, cansed an agent, (whose connecto one of the Dey's ministers, to know the tion with the government was' not disclosed) to terms which the Dey expected to extort be sent to Algiers, with the means and with infrom the United States (by keeping our structions to effect their ransom, if it could be citizens slaves) in the event of a treaty done at a price not exceeding three thousand with them, it appears, that "it was a set- dollars per man. The effort did not succeed, “tled point with the Dey, from which he because of the Dey's avowed policy to increase 6 could by no means swerve, that in the the number of his American slaves, in order to “ first place, for the privilege of passing the be able to compeba renewal of his treaty with

streights of Gibraltar, two millions of the United States, op terms suited to his rapae dollars would be required of the Ame- city. Captain Smith, Mr. Pollard, and the Mas

rican Government, and tires the stipa- ter of the Edwin, are not confined, nor kept as 66 lations of the late treaty might be re- hard labour ; but the rest of tlre captives are sub. “newed (the old tributary treaty) after jected to the well-known horrors of Algerine paying up all arrears of tribute, * &c. &c. slavery. The Committee have not been apprised

of any other specific outrages upon the persons

or property of American citizens besides those The committee to whom has been referred the stated; and they apprehend, that the fevriess of bill " for the protection of the United States these is attribntable to the want of opportunity “ against tlie Algerine crnizers," with instruc- and not of inclination in the Dey, to prey upon tions to enquire and report in detail the facts our commerce, and to enslave our citizens. The apon which the measure contemplated is predi.

war with Britain has hitherto slint the Mediter. cated, report- That in the month of July, 1819, ranean against American vessels, whiclı, it may the Dey of Algiers, taking offence, or pretending be presumed will now shortly venture npon it. to take offence, at the quality and gnaritity of a The committee are all of opinion, upon the evi. shipment of military stores made liy the United dence which has been laid before them, that the States, in pursuance of the stipnlation in five Dey of Algiers considers bis treaty with the Treaty of 1793, and refusing to receive the United States as at an end, and is waging war stores, extorted from the American Consul Ge against them. The evidence upon which this is neral at Algiers, by threats of personal impri. founded, and from which are extracted the facts sorment, and of reducing to slavery all Ame. above stated, accompanies this report, and with ricans in his power, a sum of money claimed as

it is respectfully submittedthe arrearages of Treaty stipulations, and denied

AN ACT lay the United States to be due ; anil then com. For the protection of the commerce of the pelled the Consul, and all citizens of the United

United States against the Algerine cruizers. States at Algiers, abruptly to quit his dominions. --It further appears to the conmittee, that on the WHEREAS, the Dey of Algiere, on the coast of 25th of August following, the American brig Barbary, bas commenced a predatory warfare Edwin of Salem, owned by Nathaniel Silsbee against the United Statesof that place, while ou a voyage from Malta to

BE it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre. Gibraltar, was taken by an Algerine Corsair, sentatives of the United States of America in Conand carried into Algiers as prize. The com.gress ressemble'l, That it shall be lawfırl fully to mander of the brig, Captain George Camp. equip, officer, man and employ such of the armed bell Smith, and the crew, ten in number, lave vessels of the United States as may be judged reever since been detained in captivity, with quisite by the President of the United States, for the exception of two of them, whose release protecting effectually the commerce and seamen has been effected under circumstances not indi. thereof on the Atlantic ocean, the Mediterranean cating any change of hostile temper on the part and adjoining seas. of the Dey. It also appears, that a vessel, sailing

Sect. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall under the Spanish dag bas been condemned in be lawful for the President of the United States Algiers, as laying a false claim to that flaş, 'to instruct the commanders of the respective public vessels aforesaid, to subdue, seize, and these latter were entering upon war with make prize of all vessels, goods, and effects, of or US! some of our modest and honest genbelonging to the Dey of Algiers, or to his subjects, tlemen; some of our most honourable men, and to bring or send the same into port, to be have called America an assassin, because proceeded against and distributed according to she magle war against us, while we were law; and also, to cause to be done, all such other at war with Napoleon. What will they acts of precaution or hostility, as the state of war say now of the venerable head of this Afriwill justify, and may in his opiniou reqnire. can stato ? The same honourable wor

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That ou the thies have said, that because America application of the owners of private armed ves. went to war with us, while we had to sels of the United States, the President of the fight Napoleon, she was the slave of Na. United States may grant them special commis- poleon. But I hope they will not apply sions, in the form which he shall direct under the this reasoning to the present war between seal of the United States; and snch private armed America and Algiers : I fervently hope, vessels, wlien so commissioned, shall have the like that no one will pretend, that, because authority for subduing, seizing, taking, and bring. Algiers went to war with America while ing into port any Algerine vessels, goods or éf- America had to fight us, Algiers was the fects, as the above-mentioned public armed ves- stave of England !-As to the result of


war, sels may by law have; and shall therein be sub.

I have no doubt that the Dey ject to the instructions which may be given by will not have to rejoice much at the sucthe President of the United States, for the regu. stead of millions of dollars are likely to be

cess of his undertaking. A dry blow in. Jation of their conduct, and their commissions shall be revocable at his pleasure : Provided,

his portion.

As an Englishman, I must That before any commission shall be granted as

wish, that the Algerines may be beaten by aforesaid, the owner or owners of the vessel for those, who have, unfortunately, so often which the same may be requested, and the com

beaten my own countrymen.—The TIMÉS mander thereof for the time being, shall give that the Algerine war is, with America, a

newspaper has told us, that it is suspected, , bond to the United States, with at least two res.

PRETEXT for increasing her navy. Inponsible sureties, not interested in such vessels, in the penal sum of seven thousand dollars, or if

deed, Doctor! and, in what civilian have

you discovered, that America is restrained such vessel be provided with more than one hun. from augmenting her navy at her pleasure ? dred and fifty men, in the penal sum of fourteen What need has she of pretexts? I know, thonsand dollars

, with condition for observing the indeed, that, amongst your other follies, treaties and laws of the United States, and the instructions which may be given as aforesaid, and you did, during last summer, insist upalso for satisfying all damages and injuries which she should, at last, be compelled to stipu,

on it, that, in making peace with America, shall be dove contrary to the tenor thereof, by late not to have any ships of war. beyond such commissioned v'essel, and for delivering up

a certain size and number. But, the stithe commission when revoked by the President

pulation was not obtained; and now, inof the United States. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That any Al

stead of big menaces, you throw out your

suspectings for the cogitations of the wise gerine vessel, goods or effects, which may be so John Buil.-Away driveller! and await captured and brought into port, by any private a similar fate to your predictions as to the armed vessel of the United States, duly commis- humiliations of France. sioned as aforesaid, may be adjudged good prize, and thereupon shall accrue to the owners, and OVERTURES OF PEACE FROM THE officers, and men of the capturing vessel, and

EMPEROR NAPOLEON. shall be distributed according to the agreement LETTER FROM M. CAULAINCOURT TO VISCOUNT which shall have been made between them; or,

CASTLEREAGH, DATED PARIS, 4th APRIL, in failure of such agreenient, according to the

1815, discretion of the court having cognizance of the

My Lord The Emperor was anxious to excapture.

press directly to his Royal Highness the Prince There is one circumstance connected Regent tire sentiments which inspire him, and to with this Algerine war, which I think make known to him the high value which he worthy of particular notice ; and that is, places on the maintenance of the peace happily this regular government began, it appears, existing between the two countries. I am comits depredations on the Americans, just as manded in consequence, my Lord, to address to

you tlie annexed letter, and to beg your Excel- | plishment of his noblest intentions. With a distenry to present it to liis Royal Highness—The position to respect the rights of other nations, his first wish of the Einperor being, that the repose of Majesty has the pleasing hope, that those of the Europe slionld remain inviolate, his Majesty has French, nation will remain inviolate. The main. beco anxions to manifest this disposition to the tenance of this precious deposit is the first, as it Sovereigns wlio are still assembled ac Vienna, and is the dearest of his duties. The quiet of the to all other Sovereigns. I have, &c.,

world is for a long time, assured, if all the othrr (Signed) CAULAINCOURT, Duc de Vicence. Sovereigns are disposed, as bis Majesty is, to

make their honour consist in the preservation of LETTER FROM M. DE CAULAINCOURT TO VIS. peace, by placing peace under the safeguard of

COUNT CASTLEREAGH, DATED PARIS, APRIL honour. Sich are, my Lord, the sentiments with 4, 1815.

which his Majesty is sincerely animated, and which My Lord - The expectations which induced he has commanded me to make known to your His Majesty the Emperor, my August Sovereign, Government. I have the honour, &c. to submit to the greatest sacrifices, bave not

(Signed) CAULAINCOURT, Duke of Viceuce. 'been fulfilled : France has not received the price His Excellency Lord Castlere agli, &c. of the devotion of its Monarch : her hopes lave been lamentably deceived. After some months LETTER FROM VISCOUNT OASTLEREAGH TO M.

of painful restraint, her sentiments, concealed CAULAINCOURT, DATED, DOWNING-STREET, 'with regret, lave at length manifested themselves

APRIL 3, 1815. in an extraordinary manner : by air miversal Sir-I have been honoured with two letters and spontaneous impulse, she has declared as her from your excellency bearing date the 4th inst. deliverer, the man, from whom alone she can from Paris, one of them covering a letter adexpect tlie guarantee of her liberties and inde. dressed to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent. pendence. The Emperor has appeared, the Royal I am to acquaint your Excelleucy, that the Prince Throne has fallen, and the Bourbon family have Regent lias declined receiving the letter addressed quitted our territory, without one drop of blood by your Excellency to me, to Vienna, for the having been shed for their def.nce. Borne upon the wformation and cousideration of the Allied Soarms of his people, his Majesty has traversed vereigns and Plenipotentiaries there assembled. France, from the point of the coast at which he

I am, &c. CASTLEREAGH. at first touched the ground, as far as the centre of his capital, to that residence which is now again, ás are all Frepch hearts, filled with our dearest CLANCARTY, DATED FOREIGN OFFICE, 8TH · remembrances. No obstacles have delayed his APRIL, 1815. Majesty's triumphal progress ; from the instant

My Lord-I herewith inclose a copy of an of his re-landing upon French ground, he resumed Overture this day received from M. de Caulainthe government of his empire. Scarcely does his court, with the answer returned. You will comfirst reign appear to have been for an instant in municate the same to the Allied Sovereigns and terrupted. Every generons passion, every liberal | Plemipotentiaries at Vienna, for their informathought, Iras rallied around him ; never did any tion. I have the honour to be, &c.




CASTLEREAGH. mity. The report of this great event will have Earl of Clancarty, &c. reached your Lordship. I am commanded to an. nounce it to you, in the 'name of the Emperor, THE EARL OF CLANCARTY TO VISCOUNT CASTLEand to request you will convey this declaration REAGH, DATED VIENNA, MAY 6, 1815. to the knowledge of his Majesty the King of My Lord-Adverting to your Lordship's disGreat Britain, your August Master. This Resto- patch, No. 3, and to its several inclosures, conration of the Emperor to the Throne of France is veying a proposal made by the existing Govern. for him the most brilliant of his triumphs. His ment in France, and your Lordship's answer Majesty prides himself above all, on the reflec- thereto, I have the honour to acquaint yon, for • tion, that he owes it entirely to the love of the the information of his Majesty's Government, that French people, and he has no other wish than to at a conference held on the 3d inst, his Highness repay such affections no longer by the trophies of. Prince Metternich acquainted us, that a M. de vain ambition, but by all the advantages of av ho- Strassant, who had been stopped on his way nonrable repose, and by all the blessings of a hither, at Lintz, from not leaving been furnished happy tranquillity. It is to the duration of peace with proper passports, had addressed a letter to that the Emperor looks forward for the accom his Imperial Majesty, and therewith forwarded

nation present a spactacle of more awful unani. /?




[ocr errors]

some linnpened letters which the Emperor liad di- I lislınjent of an individnal as the head of the French
rected him to unseal in the presence of the Ple-Government, whose past conduct lias invariably
nipotentiaries of the Allied Powers. These demonstrated, that in such a situatiou he will not
proved to be a letter from Bonaparte, addressed suffer other nations to be at peace-whose rest.
in lois Majesty, professing a desire to continue at less ambition, whose thirst for foreign conquest,
peaca, to observe the stipulations of the Treaty and wliose disregard for the rights and independ.
of Paris, &c. and à letter from M. de Canlainence of other States, must expoie the whole of
court to Prince Metternich, containing similar Enrope to renewed scenes of plunder and devasta.
professions. After reading these Papers, it was tion. However general tiie feelings of the Sove.
considered whether any, and what answer should reigns may be in favont of the restoration of the
be made thereto, when the general opinion ap. King, they no otherwise seek in itinence the pro-
peared to be, that none should be returned, and ceedings of the French in the choice of this or of
no notice wijatever taken of the proposal. Upon any other dynasty, or form of Government, than
this, as indeed upon all other occasions snbise may be essential to the safety and permanent
qnent to the resnmption of anthority by Bona tranquillity of the rest of Europe: sneh rea-
parte, wherein the present state of the Continen- sonable security being afforded by France in this
tal Powers, with regard to France, lias come un respect, as other states have a legitimate right
der discussion, but one opinion has appeared to to clim in their own defence, their object will
direct the Comcils of the several Sovereigns. be satistied; and they shall joyfully return to that
They adhere, and from the commencement have state of peace, which will then, and then only, be
never ceased to adhere, to their Declaration of open to them, and lay down those arms which
the 13th nt March, with respect to the actual they have only taken up for the purpose of ac.
Knler of France. They are in a state of hostility quiring that tranquillity so eagerly desired by
with him and his adherents, not froin choice, but them on the part of their respective Empires --
from necessity, because past experience has such, my Lori, are the general sentiments of the
shewn, that no faith has been kept by him, and Sovereigns and of their Ministers here assem.
that no reliance ran be placed on the professions bled; and it should seem, that the glorious for-
of one who has hitherto no longer regarded the bearance observed by them, when masters
• most solemn compacts than as it may have of the French capital in the early part of the
suited his own convenience to observe them, last year, onght to prove to the Frenclı, that
whose word, the only assurance he can afford for this is not a war against their freedom and
his peaceable disposition, is not less in direct op- independence, or excited by any spirit of arabi-
position to the tenor of his former life, than it is tion, or desire of conqriest, but one arising out of
to the military position in which he is actnally neressity, urged on tlie principles of self.preser-
placed. They feel that they should neither per- vation, and fonuded on that legitiniate and incoue
torm their duty to themselves or to the people trovertible right of obtaining reasonable secnrity
committed by Providence to their charge, if they for their own tranquillity and independence-to
were now to listen to those professions of a desire which, if France has on her part a claim, other
for peace which have been made, and suffer nations have an eqnal title to claim at the hands
theniselves thing to be lnlled into the supposition of France. Liliis day laid before the Plenipoten.
that they might now relieve their people from tiaries of the Three Allied Powers in conference,
the berthen of supporting immense military the Note proposed to be delivered upon the ex-
masses, by diminishing their forces to a peace change of the ratifications of the Treaty of the
establishment, convinced as the several Sove- 25th March. After the opinions which I have
reigns are from past experiencr, that no sooner detailed as those with which the Allied Sove.
should they have been disarmed, than advantage reigos are impressed, with respect to the object
wonld be taken of their want of preparation, to of the war, it is scarcely necessary for me to add,
renew those scenes of aggression and bloodshed, that the explanation afforded in this Note,
from which they had hoped that the peace so as the construction put by his Royal Highness
glorionsly won at Paris, would long have secured the Prince Regent on the eighth article of that
them. They are at war, then, for the purpose of 'Treaty, was favourably received. Immediate
obtaining soine security for their own independe instructions will consequently be issued to
ence, and for the re-conquest of that peace and the Ambassadors of the Imperial Courts of
permanent tranquillity, for which the world has Austria and Russia, and to the Minister of his.
so long panted. They are oot even at war for Prussian Majesty, to accept of this Note on the
the greater or less portion of security which exchange of the ratifications of the Treaty in
France can afford thein of future tranqnillity, but question. In order to be asanred' that I have ad.
becanse France, under its present chief, is un- vanced nothing in this dispatch, which does not
able to afford them any security whatever. In accord with the views of the Cabinets of the Al.
this war, they do not desire to interfere with any lied Sovereigns, I have acqnainted the Plenipu.
legitimate right of the French people; they have tentiaries of the high Allied Powers with ihe
no design to oppose the claini of that nation to contents thereof, and have the lionour to inform
choose their own form of Government, or inten- yon, that the sentiments contained in it entirely
tiou to trench, in any respect, upon their inde coincide with those of their respective Courts.
pendence as a great and free people : but they I have the honour to be &c.
do think they have a right, and that of the

(Signed) CLANCARTY. highest nature, to contend against the re-estaba

[ocr errors][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Printed and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communicatious addressed

to the Editor, are reqnested to be forwarded.

« PreviousContinue »