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VOL. XXVII. No. 22.

LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 3, 1815. [Price ls.

673]

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LETTER IX.

"reading the Proclamation, in the USU. To tie EARL OF LIVERPOOL.

- AL WAY, at the door of the office at

" Whitehall.This was all, and, I will On the political Effects Produced in Ame- the street did not know what it was that

be bound, that even the people passing in rica by the Peace of Ghent.

was reading. This is what the COURIER Botley, 29th Nlay, 1815, calls the usual way of proclaiming peace ! My Lord-It was frequently observed There was no illuminations; no firing of hy me, in former letters, which I had the guns; no ringing of bells; no demonstrahonour to address to your Lordship, dúr- tions of joy. In short, the country, which ing the war with America, that, if you had been so eager for the war, and so unawere, at last, as I foretold you would be, nimous for its prosecution, seemed not at compelled to make peace without hum- all to regret, that it never knew the exact bling America, and, indeed, without sub- period when peace returned.

It felt duing her, or nearly subduing her, the re- ashamed of the result of the war, and was sult would be honourable to her, seeing glad to be told nothing at all about it. that she would, in a war single-handed But, in America! There the full force against England, have succeeded in de- of public feeling was made manifest. fending herself. It was clear, that, when the country resounded from New Oronce the contest became a single combat, leans to the utmost borders of the Lakes; to defend herself must be to her triumph from the orange groves to the wheat lands, and to us defeat. And, if she came out buried' four feet deep in snow, was heard of the war without any, even the smallest the voice of joy, the boast of success, the concession, her triumph over us must shout of victory. I, who had always felt raise her greatly in the estimation of her anxious for the freedom of America ; I, own people and of all the world. She did whose predictions have been so completely come out of the war in this way, and the fulfilled in the result of this contest; natural consequences have followed. even I cannot keep down all feeling of

I do not know, that I have before 110- mortification at these demonstrations of ticed the fact in print, but it is now time triumph, refated in the American prints that I should; I mean the curious fact now before me. Even in me, the Eogrelative to the proclamation of peace with lishman so far gets the better of all other America. We know that peace with any feelings and consideration. What, then, power is usually proclaimed by HE- must be the feelings of those, my Lord, RALDS, -who, starting at St. James's who urged on and who prosecuted that Palace, go into the City, with a grand dis- fatal war? play of armorial ensigns, and accompanied An American paper now by troops in gay attire, and by bands of the Boston “ Yankee," of the 9th of Demartial music, stoppiog, from time to time, cember last, gives an account, copied to read the King's proclamation of the from our London papers, of our Jubilee peace. This was done at the Peace of last summer, when cold BLUCHER" was Amiens and at the Peace of Paris. In- so 'squeezed and hugged, and had his jaws dead, it is the usual way in which the so nastily licked over by the filthy wocessation of war is proclaimed.

men, who were called “ Ladies.” This Now, then, how was the peace with Yankee calls it « John Bull's great NaAmerica proclaimed? There was no pro- tional Jubilee ;and, I assure you, the cession at all: there was nothing of the famous victory gained by the naval force usual ceremony. But, the Courier News- of England over the American fleet on the paper, and, I believe, that paper only, Serpentine River is not forgotten! Buty informed the public, that 6 peace with the editor of the Yankee has made a misa America wus proclaimed to-day, byl takc. He thought it was the Thames un

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which that memorable battle was fought. was to “re-unite the colonies to the

pa-
Not so, good Mr. Yankee.The Serpen- rent state!”
tine River, as it is called, is a little wind- It is very true, I acknowledge, that a
ing lake in Hyde Park, about the width dangerous faction has arisen in the Be-
of a large duck pond, and is fed by a lit- public. I see very clearly, that æealth
tle stream, or rather gutter, and empties has introduced a taste for what are called
itself by the means of another gutter at honours. Vanity is making a desperate
the other end. It was this quality of lake effort to decorate men with titles. The
that made the scene so very apt.

law forbids it; but vanity is at open war
These are mortifying recollections, my with law. The germ of aristocracy, which
Lord, and I do not know that they will was discovered in the New England states,
be rendered less so to you by the addition and, in a few instances, in some of the
of the reflection, that, if you had followed others, at the end of the war of independ-
my advice, there never would have been ence, has grown out now to full view.
any ground for them.

There are 'Squires and Honourables in, The political effects in America of such abundance. There are the “ Honourable a peace must be wonderful. Indeed, they the Governor;" 66 His Honour the evidently are so. The men who, in the Judge;" and so on. These men will New England States, were forming open soon begin to regret that they have no one combinations against Mr. Madison, are, to give them permanent titles; that they as I told you they would be, covered with have no fountain of honour.That that sort of disgrace, that deep disgrace, which men regret the want of they endeawhich defeated malice always brings upon voor to obtain, whenever an occasion of its head. They appear, from all I can fers. The Priests of New England apgather, to have become the butt of ridi- pear to be working hard to procure somecule, after having long been the object of thing in the way of an establishment. Hence scrious censure. These men are suspected the joy of both these at the restoration of of treasonable views and acts. At

any the Bourbons, the old French Noblesse;
rate, they are chargeablc with a rcal at the Pope, and the Jesuits ; and hence,
tempt to destroy the liberties of their they will, I venture to predict, be as abu-
country, in revenge for their rejection by sive of Napoleon, CarnotFouche, Re-
the people. They were defeated in their derer, and Merlin, as is our Times newse
grasp at the supreme powers of the union, paper.
and they have endeavoured to do as the In the mean while, however, the people
baboon is said to have done with the fair are sound republicans ; and, it will take
lady, that is, destroy that which they some years to overset their government,
could not possess.

"though the manners and tastes- of many
Mr. PICKERING, to wirom the Times may be corrupted. The following letters
newspaper looked up as the kangman which I have received from America, will
and successor of Mr. Madison,” now talks shew you, that the war, and especially
like a very hearty republican; but the the peace, have produced a great change
poor gentleman seems to know very little in that country. They will also shew you
of what is going on here. Ile says, that that, long ago, I had hit upon the true
you made peace, because so many petitions nail, and that you ought to have paid at-
were poured in against continuing the war; tention to me sooner than you did. The
and your Lordship, knows, that not one newspapers from America breathe a spirit
şuch petition was poured in. Ile says, that of resentment, which it should be our oh-
the fuilure at New Orleans will put you ject to allay, if possible; but, really, the
out of place. Poor Gentleman ! how language of our prostituted press was such,
little, how very little does he know about that, added to the character of the war,'
you! He says, that the Opposition have it is almost impossible, that reconciliation
clamoured for peace. It was the Oppo should take place during an age to come.
sition who urged on the war, and only Before I conclude, I beg leave to call
found fault with you for pot doing the your Lordship's attention to the state-
Yankees more mischief than you did. Yetments in the American papers, relative to
this, this is one of the men, to whom we our treatment of the Americun prisoners
have looked as capable of overthrowing of war; also to call your attention to cer
Mr. Madison! This is one of the men who l tain intercepted letters of our officers, rex

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lative to plunder; and further to call your learning, and abilities than. Southey, attention to their charges relative to the would damn their country for his salary parole, given by GENERAL PACKENHAM, and a butt of sack. ' when he was about to assault, and to Your late essays are re-published in all take; as he expected; New Orleans. I the Republican Papers, and read with dare not copy these. Newgate is not so great relish; while they are carefully ex-' pleasant as Botley. But, still I do most cluded from all the federal papers. Neanxiously wish to see these papers pub- vertheless I suspect that you do not see lished here; because they might then be many of our Boston Republican Papers. met by denial and disproof, if not true. I have therefore requested, the Editors This is a serious matter; my Lord. If we of the Boston Patriot, and Yankee to put dare not públish here, they dare do it in up a series of them for you; and encouAmerica ; and there it is that the effect raged them with the hope that you will will be produced injurious to us. I dare send them your Register. I have also: say, that long before this will reach the sent you an excellent work by Mr. CAREY, press, all these changes, all these horrid entitled the “ Olive Branch.We esteem narratives, will have en collected in it highly for its facts. u will read it America, published in a permanent shape, with pleasure. This book and Jackson's end, perhaps, translated into French. victory have blasted the Hartford Cono Thus will they be read by all the civilized vention ; and destroyed the high hopes of world, the people of England excepted; the Pickerings, the Otisses, and the Sullibut, thus have I done my duty in pointing vans. The author of that book has a these things out to your Lordship, which just idea of our Boston Saints, of their is all that I dare do in this case.

avarice, of their hypocricy, and of their I am, &c. &c.

thirst after ridiculous titles, and even moWm. COBBETT. narchy.He has a right idea of our Junto,

which rises as our country sinks, and Boston, 28th March, 1815. sinks as our country rises. After perusing MR. COBBETT—I have read, with great the Olive Branch, would it not be well satisfaction, your recent essays relative to to throw it in the way of the Edinburgh this country. You deserve well of your | Reviewers 2 (1) native country, as well as of mine, for trying to open the eyes of your coun

(1) I can find a much better use for it, as the trymen, that they might see things as

writer shall see. The Edinburgh Reviewers are, they really are. But in Old England and perhaps, as corrupt a junto as the Hurtford Conin New, and I am personally acquaint-vention, aud of that my correspondent would be ed with both, a man need not despair. well convinced, if he were to read an article making the people believe any thing but upon the return of Napoleon, published at the truth.

close of the last number of this work ; in which Both your country and mine have been article they prepared, in advance, for the war, long suffering under the cause of a lying

which they suspected would take place against spirit.”. The federal papers in Boston, France, in consequence of that wonderful event. under the direction of the faction, and The truth is, that this is a little knot of placeespecially the one edited by the Boston hunting men of talent, who, by the means of this Slave,” exert all their powers to spread Review, force themselves successively into the a delusive fog before the eyes of their receipt of emoluments derived from the public. stupid readers, and between them and I do not know any set of men so much like an. truth. They are worse than your Courier, other, as these Reviewers are like the Federal or your Times; for with their lies, they Noblesse. Mr. Walsh, of Philadelphia, who have a trait of malignity and stupidity, wrote a book on the state of France, full of false. at which your people must revolt. "What hoods and of ignorance, and who, it was confimust be the state of a community where dently reported here, was to have had the honour the people are fed with poisonous food? of being introduced to a Lord, and would, in all It would require a revolution of some sort probability, have enjoyed that blessing, if the to rid the people of the accumulated cor- said Lord had not beeu unexpectedly engaged ruption. Our Yeomanry are virtuous, with his tailor, or somebody else : this Mr. brave, and strongly attached to their WALSH, with the exception of talent, is a toler. government; but we have scores of pro-ably good specimen of an Edinburgh reviewer. fossional men among us, who, with less

WM. COBBETS.

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I have read with surprise and disgust | Considering the New England opposition the official accounts of General Drum- and the nature of our government, and the mond and some others, of the battle of state of our finances, and the villiagy of Chippewa and Bridewater. I have been the faction, and this Virginia-man, may informed by the brave and modest Colonel well be called the Matchless Madison. (now General) Miller, as well as by a Although we are priest-ridden, and number of his officers, his non-commis- debased in Massachusetts, I hope we are sioned officers, and privates, that the Bri- not junk below redemption. The better tish cannon were many hours in their | half of Massachusetts have not bowed the possession, and that they would have knee to the effigy of monarchy, set up by brought them off, had not the British the contemptible noblesse of Boston. It is taken the precaution to carry off the the yeomanry, the nerve..the bone, and the timbers, and all the harness, which Mil- sinewo of the republic, who have fought ler could not supply in the night. I our battles, while it is the pampered, and firmly believe that all our official accounts corrupted flesh, and gormandizing sto-may be relied on. I gave reason for be- mach, who preach, pray, and write ink lieving it.

federal
newspapers,

and who continually Jackson's wonderful victory is a greater deceive the people. thing to us, that is, of more beneficial After the present delusion is past, I consequences to America, than the vic- hope to see both your country and mine tory of Wolfe ; the capture of Burgoine, shine forth in their native purity. - Ouror Cornwallis. The British were surc of country is rising rapidly tó greatness, and New Orleans, and they meant to leave it to glory; and when we have put down. an ugly bone of contention between the faction, we shall yet see our species, the. U.S. and Spain. But Providence forbade descendants of Englishmen, shine forth to it. We say Providence, for the great de- the greatest advantage, in ability, courage, struction on one side, and the unparal- and integrity; and here we may see disa leled salvation on the other, prove that played the utmost range of the human it could hardly be owing to the contin- powers. gent powers of men. It gives strength to *Thirty years ago, I knew London, and. the opinion imbibed by people in every her leading men, including Mr. Fox, and period of the world, and in every stage somneothers. They are now nearly all of society, that there is a power above us, dead; and I have scarcely a corresponwhich shapes things to an end, rough dent left. I wish Old England well; for hew them how we will." This extra- there are the sepulchres of my ancestors: ordinary victory has broken down the and there I resided several years. I have spirits of the invaders ; they say there is a considerable respect for John Bull; but . a fatality in this American war; and that a greater affection for, it is adverse to them. Your countrymen

JONATHAN, fought bravely at New Orleans, very For he is destined to return the tide of bravely. Jackson, and his inspired mi- ' glory to the source whence it sprung. litia had coolness enoughi, in the midst of the fight, to observe and admire the dis

Boston, March 30th, 1815. cipline and steady bravery of the English, Mr. COBBETT,--A snow-storm having and the valour of their oficers; but who prevented the ship Galen from sailing this could stand before our cool and accurate morning, I seize the opportunity her de. riflemen, and equally cool and accurate tention affords, to add a few strips from cannoniers !! Juckson, (a village-law some of our late newspapers. I do it by yer) has far surpassed any General we ever way of recompensing you for your excel- . had, at any period.

lent essays, under the form of letters to While we admire Jackson, and his mi- your great men in England, in which litia, let us not withhold our admiration of you tell them important truths relative to James Madison! who amidst the most this country, which, I believe, they caru virulent, and most obstinate of oppositions obtain through no other channel. (see 6 the Olive Branch,') has triumphed We admire greatly your accurate pic. over both internal and external enemies, ture of the two parties in this bewitched and planted the proud stripes and stars of state. What the witches promised Machis nation in the sight of the universe.' beth, has been whispered to our little-bigo

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men in Massachusetts

ye shall be all plain, and at the thoughts of which they Thanes !!

regret the termination of war. The public feeling is not a little excited We are much pleased with your very by the recital of our officers and men, who accurate account of Federalists and Rehave just returned to Boston and' New publicans. The papers you now receive York, from their captivity in Nova Scotia, will help you to finish the picture you and Canada. You will see the narrative have sketched. in the Boston Patriot of yesterday. The This short war has wrought a wonderBritish prisoners bave been uniformly ful change in the United States. It has treated with kindness by the Americans. taught the traders and shopkeepers of Humanity is a conspicuous trait in our Boston, that if their sea-ports were de. character.

stroyed, the nation eren then, could exist. We look up to the acute editor of the It has peopled our interior, created innu. Political Register to lay this grievous merable manufactures, and taught us all thing properly before the British public. that it is to the yeomonry we must look, at If what is related be not facts, let them be last, for the support and defence of the contradicted; and, if they be true, let the nation. With them is the brain, the nerve, perpetrators be exposed, and the robes of the bone and sinew; for the merchant is the nation wiped clean from the stain (2). blown about by every wind of commerce. [I leave out a passage here, which though The French justly estimate these descen

He scarcely feels that he has got a country. complimentary to the part of this king- dants of Esau. . doin, in which I was born, is rather too GENERAL in its applicution. But, my

The time was, when these colonies, or chief reason for leaving it out is, that it states, might, in their physical and mental would, in my opinion, TEND

force, be compared to a wedge, (the most HARM.W.

forciable of the mechanical powers) the C.]

butt, or thick edge of which was here in Colonel Scott, (now our valiant Ge- Massachusetts, and it went tapering away seral Scott) was early in the war carried until its thin edge endes in Georgia, and prisoner to Mortreal and Quebec ; and on the Mississip. But Andrew Jackson, received a treatment, which he never can, a village lawyer, has turned this wedge or ought to forget. I had it from his own 66 end for end," and we now feel the force mouth. Scott is a man of talents, educa- pressing to us, instead of from us.

Mr. tion and a gentleman ; but those high MATTHEW CAREY has explained all this in officers in Canada, who heaped every kind the olive branch !!dess and attentiou on the infamous Hull, The young and spirited men of Masa could not find it in their hearts to treat sachusetts feeling the effects of the misere with ordinary attention and humanity the able policy of their governor, and of the accomplished Scott.

Legislature, are fast leaving their homes, As nations, we may be at peace; but as and emigrating Westward. Even the sons a people we never shall, so long as we of some of the Essex Junto are followremember personal insults and cruel depri- ing where interest leads. They are fly, vations, especially during sickness. Your ing from the sterile soil, and bigotted -ships of war have generally treated our region of Boston to more fertile and sailors whom they captured, well ; but it liberal regions; and yet our besotted is the treatment on board prison-ships, government of Massachusetts, and their and in Canada of which our men com- stupid governor, seem unconscious that

we are bleeding to death, by this alarming

emigration. Instead of a liberal policy; (2) I have not thought it right, and indeed, I our miserable politicians are trying to do not know that it would be safe, to send to the retain their discontented young men by press the papers here referred to, which exhibit “ Washington Benevolent Societies ; a a picture that strikes one with horror, and whicki, sort of hypocritical Jacobin-club; or humfor the honour of my country and of human ble imitations of the Orange Societies of Dature, I hope is not a true picture.--I have, Ireland; who drew their origin from however, made use of these papers in the way " the peep-of day boys.

Jonathan sees »that appears to me most likely to answer a good through this clumsy trick, and their gorpurposes

WM. COBBETT. geous parades, painted bapners, and hy

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