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tired fortune, armed all Europe against him, and none of the sophistries by which it is pretender exhaustou all the means of France, was forced to to be attacked cans at all attect it :--2. That abandon his proj”cts, and abdicated power to these reasons remain in all their force, and that save some relics of existence ; who, at the mo. the changes which have in fact occurred since the ment when the nations of Europe were giving Declaration of the 13th of Marciı, trave produced themselves np in the hope of a durable tranquil no alteration in the position of Bonaparte and of lity, meditated new catastrophes, and by a donbie France with regard to the Alies 3. That the pertidy. towirds the powers who had too gener. offer to ratify the Treaty of Paris cannot on any ously spared him, and towards a government account alter the disposition of the Allies.which he could not attack without the blackest Therefore, the Committee is of' opinion that it treason, usurped a throne which he had renounced, would be useless to publish a fresh declaration. and wrich he never occupied except for the mi. The Plenipotentiaries of the Powers who serý of France and the world. This man has no signed the Treaty of Paris, and who as such are other guarantee to propose to Europe than his responsible for its execution with regard to the word. After the cruel experience of 15 years, acc«ding Powers, having taken into cousiderawho would have the courage to accept this gna- tion, and sanctioned by their approbation the rantee? and if the French nation has really em. preceding report, have resolved, that there shall braced his cause, who could any longer respect be made to the Plenipotentiaries of the other the security which it conid offer? Peace with a Royal Courts a communication of the ininutes of govermipent placed in such bands, and composed of this day. They have further ordered that an exsuch eleinents, woulouly prove a perpetual state tract of the said minutes shall be made public.of uncertainty, anxiety, and danger. No power Here follow the signatures in the alphabetical could really disarm : nations would not only en order of the Court- :-joy any of the advantages of a true pacification ; | AUSTRIA.-Prince METTERNICH, they would be crushed by charges of all kinds; as

Prince WESSENBERG. confidence would no where revive, industry and SPAIN (Espagoe).-P. GOMES LABRADOR. commerce would every where langnislı ; there

FRANCE.- Prince TALLEYRAND, would-be no stability in political relations ;

Duke of VALBERA, gloomy discontent would sit brooding on every

Count ALEX DE NOAILLES, comtry, and at a day's notice, alarmed Europe GREAT BRITAIN.-CLANCARTY, would expect fresh explosions. The Sovereigns

CATHCART, have certainly not mistaken the interests of their subjects, when they have thought that open war,

STEWART. with all its inconveniences, and all its sacrifices, PORTUGAL. - The Count DE PALMELLA, preferable to such a state ; and the measures which

SALDANHA, they liave arlopted, have inet with general approbation.-. The opinion of Europe on this great oc.

LOBO. easion is pronounced in a manner very positive and PRUSSIA.-Prince HARDENBERG, very solemn; never could the real sentiments of

Baron HUMBOLDT. nations have been more accurately know and

RUSSIA.-Connt RASOUMOUSKY, more faithfully interpreted than at a moment when the representatives of all the Powers were

Count STAKELBERG, assembled to consolidate the peace of the world.

Count NESSELRODE.
THIRD QUESTION.

SWEDEN.-Count LOEWENHIELN.
Is it necessary to publish a new Declaration ?

The undersigned Plenipotentiaries, approving The observations which the Committee have the whole of the principles contained in the prejust presented, furnish the answer to the last qnes sent extract from the minutes, bave affixed to it tion which remains to be examined. It considers, their signatures. -1. That the Declaration of the 13th of March

Vienna, May 12, 1815. was dictated to the Powers by reasons of such evident justice and such decisive weight, that BAVARIA...Count RĘCHBERG.

DENMARK.-C. BEBNSTORFF, Europe than even the wars with which it was tor

I. BERNSTORFF. mented. It was thes that he took possession of HANOVER.--Count MUNSTER, , Picimont, Parma, Genoa, Lucca, or the States of Rome, of Holland, of the countries composing NETHERLANDS.-Baron Spaen,

Count HARDENBURGH. thie 32d Military Division. It was thus at a period of peace (at least with all the continent), that he

Baron GAGERN, struck the first blow against Portugal and Spain,' SARDINIA:- The Marquis de ST. MARSAN. and he thought to have finished the conquest of

Count Rossi. those comtries by coming and audacity, when SAXONY.--Court SCHULEMBURG. the patriotism and energy of the people of the Peninsula drew him into a sanguinary war, the

TWO SICILIES. --The Commander Rufro, commencement of his owo downfall, and of the WURTEMBERG.Count WinziNGERODE, salvation of Europe.

Barou LINDEN.

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Printed and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed

to the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.

VOL. XXVII. No. 23.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1815. [Price 1s.

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" The revolutionary ideas of France have already , which we now hear the warriors most bit

" made but too great a progress in the hearts | terly complain of. They have disguised of meu in all countries, and even in the very this for a good while; because, the letting

of every capital. Ifcrime be crowned it be seen, that they were at war against “ with reward in France, every individual may the kind of government existing in France, 5inople at the subversion of order in his own was to give their opponents a powerful "country will procure him a situation, it not handle against them. At last, however, " honourable, at least honoured. IT IS NOT they have been driven to suit r this to “BONAPARTE THAT AT PRESENT take place. They were beaten upon the “ FORMS THE DANGER OF EUROPE: personal question, and were compokd to "he is vomasker. IT IS THE NEW OPI-ly to the system. In the published reNIONS; it is the disorganisasjon of men's port of the Debate in the House of minds; it is the making revolt a cairuation Lords, it is stated, that the EARL of LI" of private intere t; it is the most deadly of VERPOOL aid, that we were comp lled “all contagions, the contagion of immoraliiy,

6 again to have recourse to aims, and to “ of false philanthropy, of a perfidions selt.

renew the contest against that power, "styled philosophy, from all which the world

"and that system, which had been the reqnires to be protected. THIS IS THE

parent; of such tremendous ca amities: TRUE HYDRL which

DE.

that the state of thing's in “STROYED, or it will destroy all Europe. - without the most imminent danger to

“ France afforded no security for peace “ The call e of morality is the cause of GOD;

66 other nations : * it is the cause of all inen, of ail nations, of

... that, with such ** ali thrones!!—Times Newspaper, 6 June, 166 mated with such a spirit, and acting

6 a government as that of Franc', ani1815.

“ upon such principles, it was impossible LETTER V.

6 to expect with safety to remain in a state w of peace :

.... that he himself was To LORD CASTLEREAGH.

66 desirous that France should have a li. On the Delutes relative to the Commence- 66 mited government, found_ d'on princiment of the War against France. cples of a raiure similar to those which

prevailed in THIS COUNTRY. He

66 knew that it had been a matter of spe. MY LORD,

66 culation how far a free constitution II. Of the French system of Government." could be maintained in France, together -For a long while it was pretended, that it 66 with that large military force, which, on was merely Napoleon who was the object" account of her extensive frontier, nuof dread with the Allies. They would " merous fortresses, and from other causes, not interfere in the domestic affairs of " it might be necessary for that conntry France. They would not presume to say 6th keep up even in time of peace. It what sort of government the French should C6 had been contended by some, that so have. They did not pretend to deny, that large a military establishment was inthey had no right to forbid the French to compatible with a limited government; have whatever kind of government they 66 but whether that opinion was well or ill might choose. But, Napoleon; it was “ founded, this at least was clear, that merely Napoleon, that they wished to put 6 under such circumstances, it was im: down, because he had broken his treaties “ possible that a free Constitution could with them, and because his ambition was oxist where the head of the government such, that he would never suffer Europe was a military chief, who owed his sito be at rest. This was the language for “tuation to the sword, and whose title a long while. But, by degrees, it has virose from,, and was founded on the changed; and, it is the French SYSTEM, “scord. There was no individual under

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“ whose sway ii was su totally impossible was, whether, under these circumstances, 6 that any tling like a limited government " it was not incumbent upon you to take “ could exist, as that individual whose “ advantage of this state of things, and 6 title depended on the sword, whose“ oppose PERNICIOCS A SYS.

fame, whose power, and all that ren- TEM, whilst the amplest means of 66 dered him distinguished, arose from,

66 resistance were in your power. . 66 and was connected with war and con- “ That we had a right to say, that France

quest. At the period of the invasion “ shall not have a Governmet which threa“ of France, the general impression in “ tens the repose of other nations..... “ that country was, that under him there that we ought not to refuse to join in

was no hope of a permanent limited go- crushing one of the greatest evils that rernment; and the common opinion ever existed."-Thus far the Prime Mi.

was, that so desirable an object would NISTER. Nothing can be more full to the 6 be best secured under the sülly of the point. It is the SYSTEM; the sort of told fumily. There was, in the very cir- | Government. This is what the Allies are

cumstance of the Government being in at war with; and, they are at war with “the hands of the old and legitimate fa- Napoleon because he is the Chief of the

mily, which formed the best security nation, who have adopted that systein.--" for the permanence and support of a The report gives to LORD GRENVILLE " limited system. If the restoration of the following expressions upon this point:

the old family, therefore, would be be- “ Was it nothing now to be desired to neficiul to the whole of the rest of E:-“ sunction a system under which Europe rope, it would be in the highest degree s had so long groaned, with such an army furourable to France. Then could

any (end such a chief at its heud? If his dis-one so completely shut his eyes to all position was said to have undergone " that happened during the last 14 or 15“ some change, his situation again was

years, as to believe that this country or now charged; and, as the army was fur“ Europe could with safety enjoy a state “ merly upheld by spoliation and plunder, " of repose, while the PLAN and SYS- “ so now, for the same objects, he was re“ TEM of Government remained as it tous 6 called by his former instruments, who 6 at present?

that in the whole of " alone could maintain him in his regained Europe there wous only one sentiment, and power. As to new constitutions, he was "the Sovereigns had the means and the will "firmly of opinion, that a good constitus

to resist a system, the existence of which tion could only be formed by the adapta

must bc destructive of all hopes of secin'e tion of remedies from time to time, un" and permanent tranquillity. ...... That “der the circumstances, which required " the Allies wished not to see France abau- 66 them. That seemed the only means of 66 doned to the ravages of war, her pro- "accomplishing that dificult work. The “ vinces or her resources curtailcd, but only instance of exception mentioned

only such a government existing in that was that of America: but that did not “ country as would afford scenrity to the “ appply: 'The founders of that coustitu

. rest of Europe. In this view he thought “ tion acted with grcat wisdom. It was it would be generally admitted, that the " framed so as to produce as little change

restoration of Louis XVIII. to his as possible in the existing laws and mana6 throne was an olject dear to the heart, “pers under the altered form of govern-> “ not only from feelings of SYMPATHY,"ment, which, though a republic, was C but from a principle of general expedi- “ constructed is nearly as the difference

ency........ That the argument, then, “would almit, on the monarchical forme

was this : in the first place, you clearly of our OWN CONSTITUTION" had a just cause of war against TIIAT IIow odd it is, my Lord, that we 66 SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT IN should always be wanting other people"FPANCE, which experience hud (leci- to imitate cup 66 invaluable Constitita

ileilly proved to be incompatible wilh the tion!” Ilowever, this is another man's peace and independence of the nations of matter, as the saying is. It shall be my Europe : : next, you liad, at present, business, in a seperate address to Lordi mcans of opposing that system which Grenville, to shew him how“ nearlythe you could not reasonably hope to pos- Americans have constructed their Goverlie sess at a future time; and the question ' ment upon our plan: that shall be my

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business, and shall be fully discharged in 1“ firm in the heart of Europe a military the next number of the Register. But,“ domination founded on triumph over to return to the French SYSTEM, the “civil rights, and which had made the exreporter makes your Lordship say: “that “periment of governing a great nation in this case it is impossible to seperate Go without any religion, and which aimed the Government from the nation.”- Mr. 6 at governing Europe by means of breakJ. SMITH is reported as having called “ing oaths and deposing Kings ? (Hear) the French system a system of Plunder and “ If they would agree to confirm that to have called the French army banditti. - system,-if they would degrade the ho. Did the gentleman never hear of any other" nour of England--if they would forplunderers? I have a great mind to send get the value of morals, and despise him a file of American vewspapers! The “ the obligations of religion,-if they truth is, that we do take the liberty to 56 would astonish all our allies by such look upon ourselves as exempt from all a confirmation, would not Europe exthe moral obligations which we apply to 6 claim against us, and say, "You have the conduct of others. We are like But-kindly assisted and generously contriler's Saints, who insisted, that fiddles, “buted to our deliverance ; and do you

; race-horses, whores, and 'dice were their “6 at the most urgent moment fall back? exclusive property, and were, in part, un- 666 In vain have you so long opposed and justly detained from them by the wicked. “O born up against the flying fortunes of --Mr. GRATTAN'S words are next given “6 the world, in vain have you taken the by the reporter, who makes that gentle-“66 eagles from the hands of the invaders,

so that the French Government « 6in vain have you snatched invincibility " is a stateocracy: that the French Consti- 666 from the standards of the foe! Now, " tution was war, and that Bonaparte was 666 when all Europe is ready to march, 56 the man best calculated to support it:..“6 are you, who were in the front before,

66..that with Mr. Burke's authority, with 666 the foremast to take the lead in den io Mr. Fox's practice, and with the opini- “6 sertion ?'......MR. C. WYNNE

cons and conduct of others whom it would quoted a number of historical fucts, “ wear out a day to name, he was against to shew that it had always been neces

a treaty founded on the chances of Bo- sary to curb the ambition of FRANCE, “ naparte's giving liberty to France, at and contrasted the approaching meeting

6 “the certain hazırd of the independence of in Paris, to accept the new constitution, Europe. If we had no right to dictate - under the influence of a military des66 a Government to France, we had a potism, with the FREEDOM OF ELECCó right to say to France, “ You shall not TION IN ENGLAND, where all the troops 66 choose a Government, the object of were removed from the spot at which it 66.6 which is to raise all your strength took place.—This is very true, my 66 against Europe._As to the Govern- Lord. I dare say there were no army pre“ment of Louis the Eighteenth, which he sent at the election of Mr. Quintin s should rather speak of as interrupted Dick ; nor did I ever hear of any being " than subverted, it was mildness itself employed at Sarum, Gatton, Reygate, “compared to that of Bonaparte. It was Appleby, Bamber, Queenborough, Ncro6 free under it to discuss all questions of ton, and a long list of fine places in Corn“ church or ministry, or political or re- wall, Scotland, Ireland, and, indeed all ligious intolerance, and the science of over the kingdom ; though I do recollect, 6. Government and philososphy, and in- I think, something about soldiers being 66 tolerution advanced under it, and there employed at Bristol. -Here, my Lord,

was at least an amenity in France that I conclude as to this point; and, I “ rendered a great nation amiable. It think, that it will never, after this, be

was now proposed to subject that race denied, that the war is now, as it was in “ of people to a pure oriental despotism. 1791, 1792, 1793, and the succeeding “ There was a sort of monstrous unreality years, 'till 1814, a struggle between re“ in the revided system of Government, publican principles, or, as they are some6 that stated nothing as it is; and every times called jacobin principles, and the “thing as it was not. (Ilear.). The principles of aristocracy and monarchy. 6 whole state was corrupted.

He would Which are the best and which the worst " ask whether by treaty they would con- of these principles, we are not now dis

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cussing. It is the fact, that I am anxious “prepared, or were indisposed to the to record the proof of : namely, That the contest, in that case an armed peace war is a war against the system of govern- 66 would be preferable, though it mnent, which the French have adopted ; a 66 would still be an ALTERNATIVE system, of government, which recognizes 66 OF EXCESSIVE EVIL. the right of the people to choose their own | By LORD B.:THURST, “ that it was not Chief Magistrate; which acknowledges s possible for us to avoid war sooner To feudal titles or privileges; which or later; that, next year, Bonaknows of no tithes, no predominant parte's power would be more forChurch, Clergy, or Religion ; which takes 56 midable than this year, that we thation as the basis of representation ;

56 went to war to secure ourselves which kpow's nothing of Boroughs or their “ against alarming dunger. patrons.--Pray, my Lord, look at the By Lord GRENVILLE, that we were in otto to this Letter.

“ der the futul necessity of going to III. Of our present situation with re..

war;

that war was not only necesgard to France. This, my Lord, is a

sary but unacoidable; that there great point. Because, we have been 66 was no option left us, nor any long about 22 years at war; and, if we find the 6 time for deliberation, that we members of both houses of parliament were placed by an imperious neinsisting, that WE ARE NOW IN SUCII cessity in a state to do what could A STATE with regard to France ; that 66 not be avoided; that in this situaanother war is absolutely necessary to

66 tion we were called on to adopt the sice us from destruction, is it not time for meuns calculated to uvert the greatus to begin to ask what we have had 22 est dangers. No words of which years of war for 2 The whole of this 6 he wous master; nothing that the thinkins, “this most thinking people" 66

page of history recorded, appeared vere drunk; they were mad with joy, last adequate to impress on their Lordyear. They boasted, and were applauded ships minds the situation in which for boasting, that they had, by their per

now placed. If such severance in submitting to taxation, at means were required from any, to last, won peace and safeiy for themselves o place in full view the dangers of and for their children. Now, then, let removing the barriers against us hear what the members of the two - French ambition and aggression, houses of parliament are reported to have " and the necessity that must exist if said upon the subject of our present si- " they were not removed, he should tnation, that is to say, our situation at the despair." end of about eleven months from the time By Mr. GRATTAN, “ that, as to the ability when that boasting took place.--It was “ of opposing aggression, he hoped said

none would live to see the time By the EARL of LIVERPOOL: “ Indeed, " when England, together with the 66 what other alternative was left but “ rest of Europe, would be obliged Cal, or

an armed peace almost “ tu truckle before France, and when equivalent to war in point of ex

66 these islands should seek an humble pence, and leaving the country in 66 situation under the French Impeà feverish state of anxiety as to

Grial Eagle. What would be our dcfence? Supposing a treaty with “ situation if we abandoned our al« Bonaparte, could any man con

6 liance? State it as you please, it template a peace establishment in có musi be first of all an armed peace. 66 the old sense of that phrase? The

6 No Minister would venture to country could only have a feverish

co disarm the country in such a case. 6 and disturbed repose. The system “ This armed peace would be follow66 of armed defence was calamitous in

"cd by the evils of a corruption of itself, and one of which the country

manners, and a vastly increased G had had no experience. He admit- expenditure; and that would be 6. ted that circunstances might exist

(6 followed by a renewal of war. " in which an armed peace might be

“ You might then have no alliance, preferable to war;- if for instance certainly not so strong an alliance but the powers of Europe had not been as you have; while your enemy

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