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66 would be confirmed in his title, and no mind of their own; who never think ; “ have full opportunity to arm him who take up the thoughts of others; who

Instead of fighting for the are, in reality, no more members of civil “ French crown, you would give him society thau are dogs and horses, whom " the chance of fighting for the Eng. they imitate in subserviency, and whom

You are they harilly surpass in the powers of rea66 not to consider about what money soning. For these persens, if persons they you must spend, BUT WAT FOR- ought to be called; for those who are not

to be convinced by the weight of taxes “On the very principle of economy, which they bear; by the disappearance of

you are to consider that you will the real money of the country; by the ( not expend more by war than ly sale of light guineas at 28 shillings cacia remaining at peace,

with the de- in Bank of England paper; by the law "mands of a war establishment.protecting that Bank against the demand By Mr. PLUSKETT, that “he considered of payment of its notes in cash ; by the

có that we had, in fact, no option be- law making those notes a legal tender for

tween perce and tour. As for peace, rent; by the trippling of the poors-rates

we could have no more than a fever- and the paupers ; by the law relative to tish, unrefreshing dream of peace the importation of Corn; by all the laws 66 still hunted by the spectre of war. laying restraint upon the press ; by the 66 In point of finances we should find suspeusion of the habeas corpus act for

a peace with a war establishment seven years at one time; by the keeping 66 would be much greater than war. up, for many years, and still now keeping “ If we did now go to war in con- up, a foreign army, an army of Germans, “ junction with all the great powers of Hanoverians, in England, in time of " of Europe, we would soon be re- peace as well as in time of war: for those, luced to uwar single-handed against who are not to be convinced by all these 66 France.

If we did not now in- things, the question is now to be decided, “ vade France, and carry on the war, whether the Pitt system be a good one or

upon her territories, the time might a bad one.-One would have thought, come when our country would be- however, after having hcard the above

the seat of war, and we would description of our perilous state at this “ fill unpilied and despised. If we time; after hearing the country described

were now to turn our back upon as having no alternative but tour or an “ the great powers that were our armed peace ; after having it positively as

Allies, we would deserve that all serted, and hearing tlie assertion checred “ nations should turn their backs from all quarters, that we are now under

upon us, when we began to feel the fatal necessity of renewing the war and 6s the consequences of our impolicy. of paying subsidies, and that this gives us “ Mr. Plunkett's speech was received the only chance of salvution : after lear“ by the House with great applause, ing this, had we, my good Lord, to ex6 and he was loudly cheered for se- pect, that, in the same place, and upon

veral minutes after he had sat down." the same occasion, that system which had By Lord MILTON, that “it was better to brongit us into this state, would be ex

" have war with the allvantages of wur, tolied to the skies ?-Yet, such is the than peace without the advantages fact, which I now have to record.--hu of peace; and considering, as he the published report of your Lordship's

; 6 did, that no faith could be placed speech of the 25th of May, I find the fol" in the present Ruler of France, he lowing passage. After speaking in a high

thought the only real security we strain of the justice and wisilom of the could have, wus to be found in a Congress at Vienna, and of the treaties vigorous war.

made there, you are reported to have proIV. Of the Pitt system.-This is the ceeded as follows :-“ When the proper most important point of all; for, in fact, “ period arrived, he was prepared to justhe question is now to be decided, whether tify them

carrying into the system of this man was good or bad. tion, not only in substance, but almost Not to be decided for the intelligent part in all the details, that plan which hai of the nation; but for the herd, who have “ been formed by a statesman, from whom

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he, and those who acted with him, must " to all who reverenced the politics of that ever feel the highest deference and ad

great statesman, Mr. Pitt, as he did, that 66 miration-Mr. Pitt. He (Mr. Pitt)“ they had lived to see that reduced to 66 when contemplating the possible success "practice which his great mind, when “ of a great confederation against France, “ given to the consideration of this impor6 66 had considered that general arrange- tant question, had fondly imagined inthe « ment which had been in a great measure 6 abstract as the utmost of his wishes.”— 6 carried into effect, to be that which Lived to see what reduced to practice, “ would prove most conducive to the hap- my Lord ? To practice! Why, there is no “ piness of Europe. He (Lord Castle part of the plan yet reduced to practice, “ reagh) was prepared to shew when the Treaties have, indeed, been made; but,

question came before the House, that there is a battle to be fought to decide 6 the decisions which had been made with whether those treaties are to have effect. 66 respect to the immediate interests of this I know nothing of Pitt's schemes that has 6 country, were more advantageous than yet succeeded. He told the nation in " those fondly contemplated by Mr. Pitt, 1793, that it had to fight for its existence;

as the consequences of successful war.- and so you and your colleagues and sup" He had not hoped that such good con- porters tell the nation now. It is, at any 6 ditions could be obtained for Holland as rate, a little premature to boast of your Chad been secured at the Congress. Mr. great statesman's success. He had a plan for ( Pitt had considered it necessary to ex- paying off the National Debt, and the 6 tend the power of Prussia beyond the Debt has become more than four times as 6 Rhine, and the annexation of Genoa great as it was when he adopted his plan. 66 with Piedmont was a part of his plan, He had a plan for ruining the finances of 6 much as that arrangement had of late France; and, at the end of four years “ been censured by those in opposition to from that time, he passed a bill to autho" the present Government. At an early rize the Bank of England to refuse pay: 6 period of the late war, at least when the ment of their notes in cash. He had a

successes of the Allies had first given a plan for inducing the people of England

prospect of a successful termination of to arm for their country's defence, and he “ the struggle against France, soon after passed a Bill to authorize the keeping up “ the Russian army had crossed the Vis- of Hanoverian Regiments in England. He

tula, he (Lord Castiereagh) had trans- had a plan for reducing the French by Có mitted a copy of the disputch of Mr. the means of famine; and we have now a Pitt to the Ambassador of the Emperor Corn Bill to prevent the French from pour“ Alexander, and desired to be apprized ing in upon us the superabundance of their 6 if any, and what alteration had taken provisions.-But, you will say, allow,

place in the views of Russia with respect at any rate, that his plan for destroying “ to that plan in the event of the contest “ French principles succeeded." No: for

being brought to a successful issue. they are not destroyed; and, all the 6 The answer to this communication in speakers in favour of war insist, that we 6 formed him, that the Emperor of Rus- shall now be devoured by these same " 6 sia had nothing to state in departure French principles, unless we destroy them 6from the principles of the arrangement by war.

which I have taken co laid down by Mr. Pitt in 1805. This for my motto, expresses the sentiments of

was some proof of their solidity, and the whole of the war party. It is, indeed,

on these principles England had gone in the mouths of them all, that war, and “ into the contest closely united in the war only, can save us from French prin66 * views with her Allies. Acting on these ciples. Therefore, we are, in this respect, feelings which had regulated his coi)- just where your great statesman set out 5 duct, however he might be sensible that with us; but, we have added to our debt

it was not possible an arrangement withi and taxes fourfold, and we have found,

any particular power could fix the rela- that, with the Bourbons on the throne, 5 tions of all Europe; and feeling as he we cannot live in peace, without greater “ did, that as all Europe must co-operate distress even than that occasioned by war. “ in the great work, it could only be ef

--The Pitt Clubmay toast as long as 5 fected in a spirit of compromise; yet they please; but, I'am of opinion, that,

was it no small satisfaction to him, and whether in peace or war, the Pitt System

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will very soon have produced consequences had continued.But the troops! the that will defy longer disguise.

troops ! Let us see the muster-roll of V. Of the great means of the Allies those who are to destroy French prin. against France, including subsidies. -ciples by means of powder and ball.

. Your Lordship said, upon this point, that Mr. GRATTAN said, you had 600,000 of you had, thus, “ endeavoured to open the these gentlemen preservers of religion “ general ground of the war, trusting much and social order; but you carry the num, " to the MIND, the INTELLIGENCE, ber much higher, in your published re. 56 the EXPERIENCE, and EXTENSIVE ported speech of the 20th of May, wherein “KNOWLEDGE ofthe HOUSE! which you give this thinking nation the fol6 had, for twenty-five years, dwelt on lowing 6 passing events. Although painful to " his feelings to make a proposition of

66 As far as Austria was concerned, 56 this nature, instead of realising' those “ there were in full operation, ready to 66 BRILLIANT PROSPECTS of peace 66 act and be put in motion, ün army of 66 and security, which, after so many ex- 66 3.50,000 men in Italy, sufficient of itself

ertions, the country had a right to con- “ to satisfy the stipulations in the treaty. template, yet he felt much consolation in 6 But this power would have an army of

comparing our present situation with extent in another quarter towards the 66 that in which we stood in the course of Rhine, so that instead of 150,000, we former wars.

We were not now con- might consider the operating and effecs tending for our own safety, without a 66 tive army to amount to 300,000 men. single Ally, against the power of the 6 With respect to the Russian force, he

enemy. Let the House recollect, that “ had the satisfaction to state, that the “ even at that moment, when engaged in "Emperor had engaged in the present " the prosccution of our own moral duty," contest with that decision which marked

our aid was required for Portugal and " the whole of his conduct throughout the Spain, we had not hesitated to interpose 6 late eventful war, and had resolved to our strong hand: we had felt bold in “call out a great part of the forces of his the justice of our cause, and became mighty empire. General Barclay de

the protectors of other countries. This 66 Tolly was at the head of as fine an army * resolution had been parsued with a de- as ever was called out on service in any gree of perseverance, which did honor to country, having such ample means of We had struggled through 66 selection in their power.

The force in " the storm--we survived the period of the ranks under him, which would ar

calamity, and had the satisfaction of " rive at the Rhine, amounted to 225,000

seeing those two nations freed, and the men, and as this army was accompanied “whole of Europe confederated against by a number of voluuteers, it would ar

France, instead of being combined rive at the Rhine as complete in numagainst us. It was, therefore, evident, 66 bers as when it left the Russian empire.

now started from a different " There was assembled besides on the point. IVe were then fighting against

6 frontiers another army of 150,000 men, France, and the whole power of Europe. under General Wittgenstein; and the

" 56 All Europe was now contending with ". Emperor had signified to his Royal High

us against France : vay, a strong com-- ness the Prince Regent his readiness to. 66 bination in France itself was probably put in motion this army, if exigencies 6 formed on our side, so that we were

66 should render such a measure necessary. fighting with the Powers of the Conti- “ No money that it was in our power to 6 nent and a portion of France, against grant could create such an army-all $ the usurpation of Bonaparte and of that we could possibly do was to assist the army." Oh! this makes you feel “ them in their efforts: That force of consolation, does it? I wish you could 66 225,000 men was very nearly advanced hear what the press of America will say “to the Rhine, and in such a state of miupon this. And, what were the “bril- 6 litary efficiency as was never exceeded liant prospects” of peace and security ?" by any army.—The third Power which The prospects of peace were worse, were 6 had made such great exertions during more gloomy, more wretched, than those“ the last war, to the great admiration of We had lost all, even if peace

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" the stipulations of the Treaty, but had , “ gency.”—Hourra, Pat! here we go at 66 six corps, of 236,000 men in the the Jacobins ! Ilow this must have deto whole, in an effective state. But the liglated the eyes and gladdened the hearts “ House were entitled to inquire from of those worthy and zealous gentlenies, the Chim, and he was anxious to anti- General Assembly of the Kirk of Scot

cipate them in their wish for informa- lunit, who have been the first, and, as

tion, whether our pecuniary assistance yet, the only body of men, who have pre6 was to be confided to the three great sentere an address in favour of war. “ Powers, and whether such other Powers VI. Of the small means of the French

as might join the common cause were to defend themselves.-Upon this subject “ to share all the dilliculties, without re

it was said ceiving any extent of assistance ? Ile By the Earl of LIVERPOOL, that “the

thought it right that the House should 66 sentiments of the bulk of the French "know what was the extent of that de- “nation were extremely averse” to

scription of force, and what was the “ Napoleon. " value of the aid which they were likely By Mr. GRATTAN, that “ the French "to receive from us. Ilaving stated the power had in other respects been “ force of the great Powers, he did not

66 diminished. Bonaparte had no 66 wish to enter into a stat ment of the cacalry; he had no money; he had "force of each subordinate Power. Con

no title, nor any credit. The peo6 sidering Great Britain and Holland ple bad never regreted his atsence;

separately, he would estimate the other on the contrary, they were over6 Powers together--some of them would joyed ut it. Indeed, how could “ bring considerable forces into the field ; they regret the man who had im66 Bavaria, for instance, had an army of posed on them a military yoke66 60,000 men of the very beat descrip- 6. who had taken their money by his

The force which that Power, oron decrecsam who had robbed them “ with Wirtemberg. Baden, Hesse, Sax- < of their children by an arbitrary

ony, the Hanse Towns, and the small “ conscription? The people would “ States on the Rhine, would bring into

66 not rise in favour and support of 66 the field, amounted to one hundred and

conqueror who had proved fifty thousand men, besides what was “himself an oppressor of France. “ already stated. That collective mass “ On the contrary, they would be

was independent of the force of the glad to see the Allies triumph over 6 three great Powers, and the force of him, for they must clearly see, that “Great Britain and lolland.---The Bri. “ when the conqueror was removed 66 tish force would be 50,000 men, and " the oppressor would be removed 66 the King of the N therlands was to 56 also. The first powers of Europe “ furnish an equal amount of 50,000

66 bad now united to remove the men to the Confederacy. There were oppressor, and it would be ridicu

actually 30,000 of them in service and 16 lous to suppose that the French 6o in the field, and the remainder of the people would break their oaths 6 force was in a state of preparation and pledged to a mild and merciful So

was expected to be soon ready. Tak- vereign, for the purpose of saddling ing therefore the whole collective force : " themselves with the eternal damnaAustria

300,000

tion of a military despotism.".... Russia 225,000

. That, “his” (NapoPrussia

236,000

leon's) power was at present totCollective States of Germany 1595,000

" tering to the very buse.' Great Britain

50,000

By MR. PLUNKET, that “ If we were to Holland

50,000

6 tell the French people that we were

ready to negociate with Bonaparte 1,011,000

their ruler, it would at once 66 It formed a total of one million and “ destroy all the hopes that might 66 cleven thousand men exclusive of the now fairly be entertained of the co

army of the Emperor of Russsia as- operation of a considerable portion 66 sembled on the frontiers of his domini- 66 of the nation. When, however, ons, and ready to act in case of exi

we saw the situation in which Bos

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IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

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“ naparte now stood; when we saw TO CORRESPONDENTS
“him reduced to make professions

contrary to his very nature ; when
we saw the vessel in which his for-

tunes were embarked labouring Botley, near Southampton, 7th June, 1815, C6 with the storm, and its mast lowed

I have received by post a single Nadown to the water's edge, it wouid tional Intelligencer of the 23d of April, “be to the height of impolicy and and NILESS WEEKLY REGISTER, absurdity to hesitate on the cause of April 1st and 8th, 1815. They were “ that we had to pursue.”—These under covers, and directed to Botley, are memorable words,

near London.. It should have been By yourself, my Lord, that “ The mili

65 Botley, near Southampton." They were tary force of ALL TIIE REST OF put into the post-office at Portsmouth, “ EUROPE was combined against only 14 miles from Botley; but, having " the HALF OF FRANCE.”

the word London upon them, they were

sent on thither. I beg Mr. Niles and the Hourra, hourra, Pat! Here we dash at person who sent me the Intelligencer, to the Jacobins, as we did at the Yankies. accept of my best thanks. I am very

highly flattered at perceiving, that a work VII. Of the Moralily of the Subsi- precisely upon the model, and with the dies.--Mr. PLUNKIT said, that “ We had title of my own, should have been esta

now a most powerful combination blished in America, and carried on already " of Allies, noi fomented by us, but to the eighth volume.-I hope Mr. Nilis

acting from the moral feeling which will continue sending me his Register. He

pervade all Europe. If we were shall have Cobbett’s Register sent him as “ foolish enough to throw away those regularly as possible.-I beg my Corres

means, we could never hope to re- pondents to look at my Notices in the two “ cal them. Those of his friends who last Numbers. « had talked the most about husban

WM. COBBETT. “6 ding the resources of the country, “ had confessed, that when an occa“sion should arrive, when some im

MODERN FORGERIES, portant blow could be struck

against the enemy, that system Mr. COBBETT,—The French Govern. s should be no longer persevered in. ment invite the distinguished English at " That important crisis hud now ar- Paris to visit the archives, for the purpose rived. It was vain to expect that of witnessing the base falsification of do

favourable opportunity cuments, made with a view to support the 66 would ever arrive. All the great recent political arrangements of the Con

powers of Europe were now with gress; and that such falsifications have

us, and a considerable portion of taken place no discerning man in Europe “ the population of France.

can doubt. It is, however, unnecessary

to go to Paris to witness the fraud of such TIere I close my extracts, my Lord. falsifications; a similar, maneurre having These are memorable passages. They will just been played off on the whole English have to be reverted to many hundreds of nation, so barefacedly, that all may detimes. llere they are safe. They will tect it, in an important document, iately

laid officially before the House of Comnot now be lost. IIere are the alleged

mons, a

copy of which you inserted in causes and the projected effects of the war, your last Register. on which we are now entering ; and, In the ENGLISH TRANSLATION of this having made these sure, I shall, in my document, M. de Caulaincourt, the French future letters, request your attention to Minister for Foreign Affairs, who may be

supposed to have written under the immeother matters. I am, &c. &c.

diate eye of the Emperor, is made, in the WM. COBBETT.

official translation, to say, in speaking of

Napoleon's recal to the throne of France, Potley, 7th June, 1815.

that " His Majesty prides himself above

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