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ENGLISH GOVERNMENT.

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. Master and Worker of

Mint, Earl Bathurst .. 3,000 Register of Admiralty and

Prize Courts, Lord Arden.

38,556 It is stated that there are great deductions out of

The whole of the civil government of this; but it is not said who

the United States, President, Congress, receives them.

-£.77,788 Ambassadors, Ministers, do not cost

£70,000 a year. This is not being very select. I could have easily selected much fewer places, or pensions, to have made the same amount.

Here I will not take our fifty thou- There are no Pensions, except granted sanders, like the Duke of York's, but will by Congress for actual and well-know take a few of the small fry, and especially services. the Anti-jacobin authors, or their descendants, Joseph Planta

P.120 Mrs. Burke,

1,200 Sir Francis D’Ivernois

200 Rd. Cumberland's children 200 Mrs. Mallet du Pan..... 200 Rev. Herbert Marsh

514 Wm. Gifford ...

329 The English Government collects from The American government collects from the people 71. 16s. each a year, including the people 12s. 6d. each, a year, in taxes, the whole population, men, women, chil- taking in the whole of the population, dren, paupers, soldiers, sailors, convicts and prisoners of all sorts.

The King has state coaches, horse, The President has none of these. guards, foot-guards, several palaces and parks at the public expence. People kneel, and kiss the King's hand. Nobody ever kneels to the President or

kisses his hand,

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I could my Lord, proceed much fur-, a predominant Church. Religious opi. ther, were it necessary; but, from what nions are to be free. There are to be no we have seen, I think, it is plain, that books, which may not be freely comthere is no likeness whatever in the two mented on and examined into. There is governments. As to that of France, as to be nothing so sacred that reason may it is now new-modled, it appears to me not approach it. There are to be no to resemble the American rather than tythes in France, consequently no beneours. People in France vote for Mem- fices to bestow. This is a government bers of the Legislature upon the principle certainly very much like that of America. of representation and taxation going hand Mr. Grattan observed that the French in hand. There are no feudal titles or people had exchanged the paradise of the rights in France. The Peers are, in fact, Bourbons for the “ eternal dumnation of no more than eminent citizens, having no “a military despotism." May be so; great estates attached to their titles and but, they seem resolved not to have feudal seats. There is, and there is to be, no titles and courts; monastries and tythes ; established religion. The two Chambers gabelles, corvées and game-laws. May in France, like the Congress in America, be so; but, it has not been proved. are forbidden to pass any law respecting In conclusion, my Lord, give me leave

war

to suggest, that it woulie e as wise in us to express; and yet we boast of the loyalnot to cry up our sort of government so ty of the whole nation, the love of the much. If it be better than that of France, people for their present glorious governwhy want them to have one like it? Moss ment, and the universal satisfaction which of my neighbours are well enough content prevails in all quarters. One would think if they are but able to get good cropt that forty-two millions of pounds sterling, themselves, without thinking much about borrowed on one day, was something of a those of other people. We are always damper to this “ general content.” But calling the French our enemy, and repre- mind, reader, this nominal forty-two milsenting their power as so dangerous to lions is, in fact, a much larger sum, for Europe ; and, why should we, then, fret which the country will next year be called ourselves because they will not be happier on to provide. İt arises thus :--the subthan they are ? It would certainly be sidies, which the generous Lord Castlewise to let them alone ; for, by evincing reagh has ageeed we should pay to the such an everlasting anxiety about their Allied Kings, for the purpose of preservform of government, I am afraid that we ing“ social order," and the legitishall give rise to a suspicion, that it is mate rights of princes," are to be sent, at their form of government, and not the our expence, to their respective head ambition of their Chief, that we dread, quarters, and to be there paid in hard and against which we are about to make cash, good sterling guineas ; not the pa.

per money, which alone is to be seen in I am, &c. &c. W. COBBETT. this country, but good gold coin.-Now,

in order to obtain this, the government The New ERA.

agents are at work, in all directions, to His Royal Ilighness the Prince Regent buy up whatever coin they can meet with. called the commencement of his reign a

The Market Price is, this day, Thursday New Era. I think I may apply that term the 15th of June, one pound eleven shilto the present crisis. The Emperor Na- lings and eight pence, in paper, for one poleon, it is said, has taken the field; he pound one shilling in coin. Therefore, has placed himself at the head of all those for every hundred pounds in coin, which

perjured villains," who so basely de- we deliver to our glorious disinterested serted” the Royal Bourbons for that Allies, we pay the sum of one hundred “ vile monster," their present chief. He and fifty eight pounds six shillings and has left the good city of Paris to protect cight pence in paper. Judge, then, itself, and has withdrawn the whole of reader, what is the real amount of the the regular force, leaving the volunteers, subsidies we grant to the Potentates of or the national guard, as the French calí Europe, for fighting in defence of the them, to defend the metropolis of the em- rights of the privileged race :

This is no pire; that very metropolis which the hire- joke: it is real serious earnest. ling press of this country declared Napo- have only began : our subsidies are not Jeon was afraid to enter in the day time, half granted yet. The King of Denmark and which was defended against the Royal says, that his troops cannot march one legitimate Monarch, by the “ perjured yard, until he receives a subsidy. The $horde who had united their crimes to Crown Prince of Sweden says, that he those of the Usurper.” I do not think must have an equivalent in money for the our Ministers would choose to leave the cession of Guadaloupe to the Bourbons. good city of London to defend itself. I And, be it remembered, that the Bourbon remember when that most obnoxious mea- soldiers, sent to take possession of that sure the Corn Bill was in progress through island, immediately on their landing prothe Legislature, that it was the boast of duced each man the national tri-coloured the ministerial papers, how many thou- cockade out of his knapsack, and declared sands and tens of thousands of troops, of for Napoleon, while it was supposed that all sorts, were quartered in the immediate he was still burried in his esile at neighbourhood of our metropolis, to de- Elha. Thus we paid to the Crown fend it against itself. The Times recorded Prince of Sweden a large sum for transthe names of the regiments, with a sort of ferring the Island of Guadaloupe to savage joy, as if it calculated on some- the Emperor Napoleon, to annihilate thing which it had not ferocity sufficient whom we are now going to pay all E4.

66

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But we

rope, and even this very same Crown pence, have been both killed, all their Prince of Sweden amongst the rest. Fer- stores and arms (which loaded two frigates dinand the Fourth of the 'Two Sicilies, has and three sloops of war) taken, and their been kept by us so long that it is an old whole rebel party dispersed in all direcstory to talk of him. But now he will be tions!—The subsidies being duly received, rather more expensive, for we shall have andthe preparations being made, it is now to keep up a large British Army to sup- said that the march_to Paris will take port him in possession, besides paying his place immediately.- To be sure, it is alown army, and giving him a good round lowed that there are upwards of 600,000 sum to set up royalty, as we gave our own 6 Perjured Villians” on the frontiers, Prince Regent at the commencement of with the “ Hellish Monster” at their his new vra.” By the by, this sum, head. But what can such a Legion of (£100,000) it appears by some very im- Devils do against the Holy Louis, surpertinent questions lately asked in Par-rounded as he is by Priests; with the liament, was not applied for the purpose good Cause of Legitimate Right on his for which it was granted; and his Royal side ; all the population of France ready Highness has again had occasion to apply to rise and tear the “ Perjured Villains" to his faithful Commons for assistance, to pieces, and with 1,011,000 men to by whom no doubt it will be most cheer- support him. What can the “ Infamous fully relieved.

Besides Ferdinand the Usurper” do against such' a mighty army Fourth, we have the other Ferdinand the as this. He must of course be put down Seventh, of the same Royal stock. His immediately, and the Royal Louis will be army too, it seems cannot march till we received with a delirium of joy by all his find money. Indeed it is shrewdly sus-Liege Subjects. In order to ensure sucpected, that a sum of £800,000 was ad- cess, the Times declares “from a source vanced by us to that beloved monarch, to “ of undoubted Authority,” that the Emenable him to fit out his late Cadiz expe- peror of Austria is about to bestow one of dition to South America ; and, as usual, a his Daughters, the sister of the “ unfortusort of fatality attends all that we interfere nate Maria Louisa, on the Duke de Berri, with. The Times, states “ that by the ship nephew of the "Desired” Louis. One 6 Sarah Jane, arrived in 92 days, from would have thought that the Times would “ Buenos Ayres, we learn that the revolu- have been rather cautious of adducing • tionists have got possession of almost the this as a proof of fidelity. If so, how 56 whole of Spanish America; that General does it happen that Napoleon is deserted. 66 Orr has 40,000 troops well armed and And if the Emperor Francis can desert $6 equipped ; that Admiral Brown has 8 one of his Sons in Law, what proof is there 6 sail of large frigates ; and that the ut. that he will not desert another. A short 56 most anxiety prevailed for the arrival of time will now shew us the result of all “the expedition from old Spain, which, this. If it should happen that Napoleon

as it would of course fall immediately should succeed in defending his kingdom “ into the hands of the revolutionists, against the prodigious force assembled to $6 would afford them an ample supply of destroy him, the effects will be incalcula6 military stores of all sorts. The British ble! Our glorious Ministers have raised “had embarked their property,” &c. &c. the genius of the storm. It is impossible But the most extraordinary passage in this to tell how he is to be appeased. Peace - piece of information is, that “ the King and tranquility were in their reach ; they * Ferdinand has expressed the utmost in prefered war with all its horrors. But the

dignation against the province of Vene- leisure of peace would have brought about

zuela, for having afforded such facili- reform, and that would not suit the pre(6 ties to English commerce !" Here is

sent system. War and its enormous exRoyal gratitude with a vengence. So penditure, is better suited to the way of we advance Ferdinand, the beloved, thinking of the Prince Regent's Ministers. £800,000 to enable him to punish those But it is a very fearful experiment, and of our friends in America,

who are

may

end fatally. If Napoleon can but disposed to receive our merchandize ! resist the first onset; if he can only " hold The newspapers of to-day state, that the his own," as the phrase is, he will stagger two Chiefs of La Vendee, who have been the Allies. But if he should gain any, equipped by England at an enormous ex- even the smallest advantage; if he should

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be able to recover the late territory of |ing his remonstrances ineffectual, be. France, to the Rhine, and re-occupy Bel- pulled a pistol from his pocket and 'shot gium, the mighty confederacy of Legit himself. The volunteers would not sufo timate Monarchs will at once dissolve, fer his body to be buried at Verdun, of fall to pieces, and, each one shifting for which the Prussians were about to take himself, the Emperor Napoleon, recover- possession, but carried it to St. Menehoud. ing his former preponderance, will put an The National Assembly decreed him the end in a short time to the whole Grand honours of the pantheon, and ordered the Alliance, and “ leave, not a wreck be- following inscription to be engraved on hind!"

his tomb: He chose to put himself to

death, rulher than capitulate with ty: Mr. COBBETT.—The analogy which rants !" you have so clearly shewn to exist between 66 A young man who had joined the the present political state of France, and army of the North, met with some disapas she was in 1793, and the obvious re- pointments, which induced him to quit the semblance at the two periods, of the de- service without leave of absence. Upon his signs of her threatened invaders, are not return home, the people flocked about his more striking than the enthusiasm which aged parent, to sympathise with him in the now animates, as it then animated, the grief which he was supposed to feel for bosom of every Frenchman. All the having given birth to a son who had basely world has heard of the wonderful effects deserted the standard of liberty. IIis which this spirit produced. History will father refused to see him, although he was tell it to posterity, that it effected the an only son, and had been the pride of his discomfiture of the enemies of France, old age. The children pointed at him in who had dared to invade, her territory, the streets, and his former companions and secured to her the unalienable right avoided his company. His father at length of choosing her own form of government. disinherited him; and divided his proWe live at a period not far distant from perty amongst the defenders of his country, those great events, which ought to give set out for the army to supply his place. us correct ideas respecting them. But as This veteran made the campaign of Flanwe are apt to lose the recollection of par- ders, and displayed the greatest heroism ticular acts of heroism, it may be useful, in a variety of engagements !" at this important and interesting moment, 66 It is impossible to conceive the hard. to bring a few of them under review. If ships to which the French were exposed : they should fail in opening the eyes to use the language of Custine,

they vereigns, or their ministers, to the folly were without coats, without blankets, ef waging war against opinions, they may without shoes, and without breeches. In kave the effect, at least, of reviving our the name of humanity,” says he, in a letter feelings of admiration and respect for a to the minister of war, I

conjure you to people who so patriotically combated for relieve them from their present painful Liberty; they may encourage us to hope state. It freezes very hard, and they have that, although tyrants may unite to sub been seven nights under arms.” Notwithjugate nations, and although the struggle standing this lamentable situation, not a may be long, reason and truth will ulti- murmur was to be heard. The army was mately triumph.

composed of volunteers of all ranks and When the Duke of Brunswick ad- all ages. Male and female were equally vanced from Longway to Verdun, after proud to suffer in defence of liberty. issuiog his famous proclamation, he ex- Among the prisoners taken by the Prus pected that the soldiers of the latter place sians at Hockheim, was a French officer, would surrender on his summons. 6. The who was next day delivered of a fine boy!” garrison answered that they were ready 66 The heroism of one of the national to die at their posts. The enemy, how- guards deserves particular notice :-early ever, appearing in great force, the magis in the engagement he lost one of his limbs, trates determined to capitulate. Beaure- yet he refused to quit his post; and when paire, the commandant, hastened from told by the surgeon, on dressing his wound, the ramparts, where he had been encou- that he would be maintained by the nation, raging the soldiers, and endeavoured to he seemed insensible of his sufferings, and persuade them to defend the town. Fiud replied, with a firm tone of voice, " I have

of so

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Yours, &c.

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still another arm to serve my country, In 1792, France had ten kings coaand am perfectly contented, provided lesced against her; intestine divisions, and France obtains her liberty.”

civil war lacerated her bosom ; her Ge« On an alarm that the rebels of the nerals were traitors-her troops disorVendée were about to make an attack ganized. In 1815, the league is equally upon St. Malo, and that an English fleet formadable, and it may be admitted, to a was expected in Concale bay, to second certain extent, that France is disturbed their efforts, twelve battalions were raised by the royalists; but no political faction in haste from the sections of Paris, and exists suficiently powerful to disturb the dispatched to the menaced spot. The in-government; the treason of his Generals habitants of the communes in Normandy by which the Emperor was exiled, is descontiguous to the rebels, rose in a mass; troyed; and, the army, animated with the and that step, together with the gallant recollection of its former victories, and · behaviour of the people of Granville, re- burning with ardour to wipe off the stain pelled the assailants, without the assist- imprinted by the recent occupation of ance of those new levies. There were in Paris, is much more formidable, and in them a number of young men, who had a higher state of discipline than it was at led idle, dissipated lives; and being in any former period. If Franee in 1792, sensible to the claims their country had gave such signal proofs of patriotism, and, on them in danger, refused to march ; and under so many disadvantages, successfully

two battalions, one of the section of the resisted all attempts to debase her, why · Thuilleries, the other of the champs Ely- may she not in 1815, influenced as she is sees, broke out in open rebellion, singing, by the principles of liberty, and so fortu0, Richard, 0, mon roi. When intelli- nately situated as to her means of attack gence was brought to the fathers of families and defence, be able to bring the present in those sections, of the disgraceful con- contest to the same glorious result? duct of their children, they ran to the bar

--ARISTIDES. of the convention, desiring a strict examination might be made into it; and if found to be such as was reported, they swore to OPENING OF THE LEGISLATIVE Session, go themselves, and expiate the crimes of

CHAMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES, their guilty offspring, by shedding their own blood, and resigning the offenders up Sitting of June 5.-At this sitting, to the vengeance of the law, and their in- nothing very interesting took place. On sulted country.”

the 6th, the discussions were particularly The writer to whom I am indebted for animated. the above instar ces of heroism, remarks :- M. Dupin.-I have a proposal relative to 66 What is worthy of observation on this the form of the oath. The French people occasion is, the French, when expiring have voted the acceptance of the additional from loss of blood, consoled one another act_let us obey that act which does not with the happy prospects the revolution prejudice your right of ameliorating it in held out to posterity, and expressed a sa- the forms and under the conditions that tisfaction in losing their lives in so glori- shall be prescribed.

There is another Such of the wounded French reflection of a nature to assure the wellas were taken proper care of, recovered disposed, and to do way before hand all in a very short time, whilst the wounds malignant interpretations.

There is no of the Austrians, under similar circum- question about the substance of the oathstances, were always difficult to be cured, no difficulty-obedience to the Constiand often proved fatal. The state of the tution of the Empire, fidelity to the Chief mind had the greatest influence upon the -intimate and indissolable union of the body;

; the Austrians were goaded on to people with the Government—but in the fight in a cause which they did not ap- proper and well understood interest of prove; the French, on the other hand, the Government itself, let us recognise were enthusiasts for liberty. The former that the oath to be good, binding, and in wept at the remembrance of their homes a word constitutional, ought to be taken, and families; the latter were proud to not in virtue of a decree, which should suffer in the cause of humanity, and en- contain nothing but the unalterable will of joyed happiness even in death.

the nation constitutionally expressed.

Ous a cause.

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