« PreviousContinue »
the evening, the English army occupied Mount the cuirassiers of General Milbaud charged that St. Jean with iis centre, and was in pusition be division, three regiments of which were bruken fore the forest of Soigne : it would have required and cut up. It was three in the afternoon. Tive threr wars 10 attark it, we were therefore Emperor made the guard advance to place it in obliged to postpone & till the next day. The the plain upon the ground which the first corps bead-quariers of the Emperor were established bad occupied at the outset of the battle this
The Prusat the farm of Caillon, near Planchenort. The corps being already in advance. rain tell in torrents. Thus on the 16th, the left sian division, whose movement had been fore. wing, the right, and the reserve, were equally seen, then engaged with the light troops of Count engaged, at a distance of about two leagnes. Lobau, spreading its fire upon our whole right
It was expedient, before undertaking Battle of Mount St. Jean.—Ai 9 in the anything elsewhere, to wait for the event of this morning the rain having somewhat abated, the 1st attack. Hence, all the means in reserve were corps put itself in motion, and placed itself with cavalry charged the battery of Count d'Erlon by the left on the road to Brussels, and opposite the ready to succour Count Loban, and overwlielm village of Moaüt St. Jean, which appeared the the Prussian corps when it should be advanced.
ime enemy's position. The second This done, the Emperor bad the design of leadcorp leant its right upon the road to Brussels, ing an attack npon the village of Mynut St. Jean, and its left upou a small wood within cannon
from which we expected decisive success; but shot of the English army. The cuirassiers were by a movenient of impatience, so frequent in our ,in reserve behind, and the guards in reserve
military annals, and which has often been so tatal up the heights. The sixth corps, with the
to us, the cavalry of reserve having perceived a cavalty of General d'Aumont, noder the order of
retrograde movement made by the English to Court Lonau, was destined 10 proceed in rear shelter themselves from our batteries, frotu of ou rigiit, to oppose a Prussian corps, which which they had suffered so much, crowned the a; prired to have escaped Marshal Grouchy, and heights of Mouut St. Jean, and charged the itto intend to fall upou our right hank, an intention fantry. This movement, which, made in time, and which had been made linowu to us by our re
supported by the reserves, must have decided ports, and by the letter of a Prussian General, the day, made in an isolated mamer, and before inclosing an order of battle, and which was taken affinirs on the right were terminated, became fa. by ow light iroops. The troops were full of ar:
tal. Having no means of countermanding it, the dour We estimated the force of the English enemy shiewing many masses of cavalry and inte army at 80,000 men. We supposed that the
favtry, and our two divisions of cuirassiers being Prussian corps which might be in line towards engaged, all our cavalry, ran at the same momevt the right might be 15,000 wew. The enemy's force to support their comrades. There, for tbree then was upwards of 90,000 men. Our's less nu turs, numerous charges were made, which ena
At noon, all the preparations being bled us to penetrate several squares, and to take tronaated, Prince Jerome, commanding a di six standards of the light jufantsy, an advantage yision of the second corps, and destined to form
out of proportion with the loss which our cavalry the extreme left of it, advanced upon the wood
experienced loy the grape shot and musket firing. of which the enemy occupied a part. The can.
It was impossible to dispose of our reserves of nonarie began. The enemy supported with 30 infantry until we liad repulsed the flank attack pieces of cannon the troops he had sent to keep of the Prussian corps., 'This attack always prothe wood. We made also on onr side dispositions longed itself perpendicularly upon our right of artillery. At one o'clock Prince Jerome was flavik. The Emperor sent thither General Due master of all the wood, and the wliole English hesme with the young guard, and several batteries army fell back belind a curtain. Count d'Erlon of reserye. The enemy was kept in check, rethen attacked the village of Mount St, Jean, and pulsed, and fell back-lie had exhausted his supported his attack with 80 pieces of cannon, forces, and we had nothing more to tear. which must have occasioned great loss to the
was this moment that was indicated for an at. English army. All the efforts were made to
tack upon the centre of the evemy. As the wards the ridge. A brigade of she first division of Count d’Erlow took the village of Mount St: four battalions of the middle guard to protect
cuirassiers suffered by the grape-slot, we sent Jean; a second -brigade was changed by a corps the cuirassiers, keep the position, and, if possible of Engli di cavalry, which occasioned it much disengage, and draw back into the plain a part loss. At the same moment a division of English of onr cavatry. Two other battalions were sent įts right, and disorganised several pieces; but
to keep themselves en potence upon the extreme
Left of the division, which had maneuvred upon the baggage which had noť repassed the Sambre, onr flanks, in order not to have any uneasiness on in short, every thing that was on the field of batthat side-the rest was disposed in reserve, part tle, remained in the power of the enemy. It was to occupy the potence in rear of Mount St. Jean, impossible to wait for the troops on onr right; part upon the ridge in rear of the field of bat. every one knows what the bravest army in the tle, which formed our position of retreat.
world is when thus mixed and thrown into con In this state of affairs the battle was gained; we fusion, and when its organisation no longer exists, occupied all the positions which the enemy oc.
The Emperor crossed the Sambre at Charleroig cupied at the outset of the battle : our cavalry at five o'clock in the morning of the 19th. Phile kaviug been too soon and ill employed, we could lipeville and Avesnes have been given as the no longer hope for decisive success; but Marshal points of re-union, Prince Jerome, General Grouchy, having learned the movement of the Morand, and other Generals have there already Prussian corps, marchied npon the rear of that rallied a part of the army. Marshal Grenchy. corps, which insured us a signal success for next with the corps on the right, is moving on the day. After eight hours fire and charges of in- Lower Sanıbre. The Joss' of the enemy must fantry and cavalry, all the army saw with joy the have been very great, if we may judge from the batile gained, and the field of battle in our power. number of standards we have taken from them, At half-after eight o'clock, the four battalions of and from the retrogade movements which he the-middle gnaro, wlio had been sent to the ridge made;-our's cannot be calculated till after the on the other side of Mount St. Jcan, in order to troops shall have been collected.-- Before the support the cuirassiers, being greatly annoyed disorder broke ont, we had already experienced a by the grape-slot, endeavoured to carry the bat. very considerable loss, particularly in our cavalry, teries with the bayonets. At the end of the so fatally, though so bravely engaged, — Notwithday, a charge directed against their fuk by se standing these losses, this brave cavalry conyeral English squadrons put them in disorder. stantly kept the position it had taken froin the
fugitives recrossed the ravin, Several regi- English, and only abandoned it wben the tumult ments near at hand seeing some troops belonging and disoriler of t'ie field of battle forced it. fa to the guard in confasion, believed it was the old the midst of the night, and the obstacles which guard, and in consequerne were thrown into dis. encumbered their route, it could nnt preserve its order. Cries of all is lost, tire guard is drives own organization. The artillery bas, as asnal, lacic, were beard on every side. The soldiers covered itself with glory. The carriages belong pretend even that on many points ill-disposed ing to the head-qnarters remained in their ordipersons cried out, sauce qui peut. However this nary position; no retrograde movement being may be, a complete panic at once spread itself judged necessary. In the course of the night throughout the whole field of battle, and they they fell into the enemy's hands. Such has been threw themselves iu the greatest disorder on the the issue of the battle of Mount St. glorious line of communication; soldiers, cannoneers, for the French armies, and yet so fatal. caissons, all pressed to this point; the old grard, which was in reserve, was infected, and was itself bjarried along. In an instant, the whole army
PRUSSIAN ACCOUNT OF THE was nothing but a mass of confusion; all the soldiers of all arms were mixed pel-mel, and it was
THE 18TH. ntterly impossible to rally a single corps. The
At break of day the Prossian army again began enemy, wld perceived this astonishing confusion, to move. The 4th and ad corps marched by St. immediate'y attacked with their cavalry, and in Lambert, where they were to take a position, creased the disorder, and such was the coufusion
covered by the forest, pear Frichemout, to take owing to right coming on, that it was impossible the enemy in the rear, when the moment should to rally the troops, and point ont to them their error. Tius a battle terminated, a day of false appear favourable. The first corps was to ope.
rate by Ohaim on the right flank of the enemy. mavænvres rectified, the greatest success insured The third corps was to follow slowly, in order to for the next day, all was lost by a moment of afford succour in case of need. The battle began panic terior.
Even the squadrons of service, about ten o'clock in the morning. The English drawn up by the side of the Emperor, were over
army ocenpied the heights of Mont St. Jean ; thrown and disorganised by these tumultuous that of the French was on the heights before waves, and there was then nothing else to be done Plachenuit ; the former about 80,000 strong; but to fulbw the torrent. The parks of reserve, the enemy bad above 130,000. In a short time,
the battle became general along the whole line. / some uncertainty was perceived in their move. It seems that Napoleon had the design to throw | ments, and it was observed that some pieces of the lett wing upon the centre, and thus to effect cannon were retreating. At this moment the the separation of the English army from the first columns of the corps of General Ziethen are Prussian, which he believed to be retreating rived on the points of attack, near the village of upon Maestricht, For this purpose, he bad Smouhen, ou the enemy's right flank, and inplaced the greatest part of his reserve in the stantly charged. This moment decided the decentre, against his right wing, and upon this point feat of the enemy, His right wing was broken in he attacked with fury. The english army fought three places ; le abandoned his positions. Our with a valour which it is impossible to surpass. troops rushed forward at the pas de charge, and The repeated charges nf the Old Guard were attacked him on all sides, while, at the same baffled by the intrepidity of the Scotch regi. time, the whole English line advanced. Cir ments ; and at every charge the French cavalry cumstances were extremely favourable to the was overthrown by the English cavalry. But the attack formed by the Prussian army; the stiperiority of the enemy in numbers were too grouud rose in an amphitheatre, so that onr artilgreat ; Napoleon continually bronght forward lery could freely open its fire from the summit of considerable masses, and with whatever firmness
a great many heights which rose gradually above the English troops maintaived themselves in their each other, and in the intervals of which the position, it was not possible but that such heroic troops descended into the plain formed into briexertious must have a limit. It was half pastgades, and in the greatest order; while fresli four o'clock. The excessive difficulties of the corps continually unfolded themselves, issuing passage by the defile of St. Lambert had consider from the forest on the beight behind us. The ably retarded the march of the Prossian columns, enemy, however, still preserved means to retreat, so that only two brigades of the fourth corps bad till the village of Planchevoit, which he had on arrived at the covered position assigned to them. bis
is year, and which was defended by the gnard, The decisive moment was come; there was not was, after several bloody attacks, carried by. an ivstant to be lost. The Generals did not storin. From that time the retreat became a suffer it to escape. They resolved immediately rout, which soon spread through the whole to begin the attack with the troops which they French army, which in its dreadful confision, had at havd. General Bulow, therefore, with barrying away every thing that attempted to stop two brigades and a corps of cavalry, advanced it, soon assumed the appearance of the flight of rapidly upon the rear of the enemy's right wing.
an army of barbarians. It was half past bine. The enemy did not lose his presence of mind; The Field Marshal assembled all the superior he justantly tirned his reserve against ne, and a officers, and gavę orders to send the last horse murderons conflict began on that side. The com- and the last man, in pursuit of the enemy. The bat remained long uncertain,wbile the battle of the
van of the army accelerated its march. The English Army still continued with the same vio- French being pursued withont intermission, was lence. Towards six o'clock in the evening, we absolutely disorganised. The causeway prereceived the news that General Thielman with sented the appearance of an immense slipthe third corps, was attacked near Wavre by a wreck: it was covered wirh an innumeravery considerable corps of the enemy, and that ble quantity of cannon, caissons, carriages, they were already disputing the possession of the Inggage, arms, and wrecks ot every kind. Those town. The Field Marshal, however, did not of the enemy who had attempted to repose for a suffer himself to be disturbed by this news ; it time, and had not expected to be so quickly pur. was on the spot where he was, and no where else, sued, were driven from more than nine bivouacs. that the affair was to be decided. A conflict Insome villages they attempted to maintain themcontinually supported by the same obstinacy and selves; but as soon as they heard the beating of kept "p by fresh troops, could alone insure our droms or the sound of the trumpet, they the victory, and if it were obtained here, any either fled or threw themselves into the houses, rcverse near Wavre was of little consequence. where they were cut down or made prisoners. It The columns, therefore, continued their inove was moonlight, which greatly favoured the purments. It was half an liour past seven, and the snit, for the whole march was but a contioned issue of the battle was uncertain. Tlie whole of chace, either in the corn fields or the houses. At the 4ihi corps and a part of the 2d under General Genappe the enemy had entrenched himself with Pvish bad successively, come up. The French canuon and overturned carriages; at our aptroops fought with desperate fury: however, proach we suddenly heard in the town a grea)
noise and a motion of carriages ; at the entrance that this battle should bear the name of La Belle we were exposed to a brisk fire of musketry; we Alliance. replied by some cannon shot, followed by an
By the order of Field Marshal Blucher, hurral, and in an instant after the town was oars.
General GNEISENAY It was here that, among other equipages, the car. riage of Napoleon was taken; he had just left it to momt on horseback, and in his hurry had for.
ADVANCE OF THE ALLIED ARMIES. gotten in it his sword and hat. Thus the affairs continued till break of day. About 40,000 men,
DOWNING-STREET,JUNE 29, 1815.-Dispatches, in the most complete disorder, the remains of of which the following are extracts, have been this the whole army, have saved themselves, retreat.
day received by Earl Bathursi, from Field Marshall ing throngh Charleroi, partly without arms, and his Grace the Duke of Wellington, dated Cateau, carrying with them only 27 pieces of their nume.
22d, and Joncourt, 25th instant. rous artillery. The enemy in his fliglit has passed
La Cateau, June 22, 1815. all his fortresses, the only defence of his fron. We have continued in march on the left of the tiers, which are now passed by onr armies.- Sambre since I wrote to you. Marshal Blacher At three o'clock, Napoleon had dispatched from crossed that river on the 19th, in pursuit of the ene. the field of battle, a courier to Paris, with the
my, and both armies entered the French territories news that victory was no longer doubtful: a yesterday; the Prussians by Beaumont, and the al few honrs after, he had no longer any army left.
lied army, under my command, by Bavay. The We have not yet any exact account of the enemy's remains of the French army have retired upon Jóss ; it is enough to know that two-thirds of the Laon. All accounts agree in stating that it is in a whole army are killed, wounded, of prisoners : very wretched state'; and that, in addition to its among the latter are Generals Mouton, Duliesme, losses in battle and in prisoners, it is losing vast and Compans. Up to this time abont 300) cannon, numbers of men by desertion. The soldiers quit and 1000 cassions, are in our lands. Few victories their regiments in parties, and return to their homes; have been so complete, and there is certainly no
those of the cavalry and artillery selling their horses example that an army two days after losing a
to the people of the country.' The 3d corps, which battle, engaged in such an action, and so glorions in my dispatch of the 19th I informed your Lord"ly maintained it. Honour be to troops capable ship had been detached to observe the Prussian of so much firmness and valour! In the middle army, remained in the neiglibourhood of Wavre till of the position occupied by the French army, and the 20th ; it then made good its retreat by Namur exactly upon the height, is a farm called La Belle and Dinant. This corps is the only one remaining Alliance. The march of all the Prussian columns entire. I am not yet able to transmit your Lord. was directed towards this farm, which was visible ship returns of the killed and wounded in the army from every side. It was there that Napoleon was in the late actions. It gives me the greatest satisduring the batre; it was thence he gave his faction to inform you, that Colonel Delancy is not orders, that he flattered himself with the hopes of dead: he is badly wounded, but his recovery is nu t victory, and it was there that his ruin was de doubted, and I hope will be early. .cided. There, too, it was, that by a happy chance Field Marshal Blucher and Lord Wellington met
Joncourt, June 25, 1815. in the dark, and mutually salu ted each other as Finding that the garrison of Cambray was not victors. In commemoration of the alliance which very strong, and that the place was not very well now subsists between the English and Prussian supplied with what was wanting for its defence, I nations, of the union of the two armies, and their sent Lieut. General Sir. Charles Colville there, on reciprocal confidence, the Field Marsbal desired, the day before yesterday, with one brigade of the B31] POLITICAL REGISTER.--Historical Notices of the War, &c. &c. (832 4th division, and Sir C. Grant's brigade of cavalry; England, alas! the hostile leagne las join'd end upon his report of the strecgth of the place, I Lost to her honour, to her welfare blind; sent the whole division yesterday morning. I have Justice, with ineek-eyed Peace, has fled the land
Subdued by base Corruption's withering hand; now the satisfaction of reporting, that Sir Charles Who, o'er our isle, has stalk'd with giant stride, Colville took the town by escalade yesterday even. Destroy'd, what once was Britain's greatest pride, ing, with trifing loss, and from the communications Her boasted liberty-whose sacred flame, which lie has since had with the Governor of the Rais’d to the highest pitch the British name. citadel, I have every reason to hope that that post The country's slatter'd vessel from the grave;
Will no one seize the helm, and try to save will have been surrendered to a Governor sent there Must she ignobly perisl in the storm, by the King of France, to take possession of it, in Will no one raise the bold protecting arm? the course of this day. St. Quenten has been aban- Where is that manly, danntless spirit flown, doned by the enemy, and is in possession of Mar. Which once belong’d to Englishmen alone,
Which in the cause of Justice drew the sword, sbal Prince Blucher; and the castle of Guise sur.
And the stero voice of Hononr only heard; rendered last night. All accounts concur in stating When tò a tyrant they submission scornd, that it is impossible for the enemy to collect an But with their blood, their rights, their freedom, army to make bead against us. It appears that the earn'd,
Dead is that manly spirit, or we ne'er French corps which was opposed to the Prussions on
Could join those wretches who delight in war; the 18th inst, and had been at Wavre, suffered con
Whose hearts are callous to their country's woes, siderably in its retreat, and lost soine of its cannon.
And who alone are Eugland's direst foes.
Their country's freedom and her peace destroy,
And in her deep distress find horrid joy. At length once more are loos’d the dogs of war, The day of ret. Antioirsoon must come, To spread wide waste and desolation far;
When these vile wretches will receive then To deal destruction on our fellow-men,
doom; To place the Bourbon on the throne again. Their unavailing sorrows then will flow, Imperial Russia's num'rous hordes advance, For rigid Justice will no mercy shew, With Earope's monarchs leagned to ravage France But on their coward heads will fall th' avenging Now march to give to gallant Frenchmen laws, blow, And dare assert, they fight in Freedoni's cause; But the base object which they seek to gain, Buckinghamshire.
AMOR PATRIÆ. Is on the free-born soul to fix the chain,
Priuted and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed
to the Editor, are requested to be forwardedo