Page images
PDF
EPUB

cene 01

$23

the evening, the English army occupied Monot the cnirassiers of General Milbaud charged that St. Jean with its centre, and was in position be divisiou, three regiments of which were bruken fore the forest of Soigne : it would have required and cnt up. It was three in the afternoon. The threr wars 10 attack it, we were therefore Emperor made the guard advance to place it in obliged to postpone e till the next day. The the plain upon the ground which the first corps head-quarters of the Emperor were established bad occupied at the outset of the battle iliis

The Prusat the farm of Caillon, near Planchenort. The corps being already in adva: ce. rain tell iv Torrents. Thus on the 16th, the left sian division), whose movemeut had been fore. wing, the right, and the reserve, were equally seen, then engaged with the light troops of Count engaged, at a distance of abont two leagnes. Lobau, spreading its fire upon our whole right

flank. It was expedient, before undertaking BATTLE OF MOUNT ST. JEAN.-Ai9 in the

any thing elsewhere, to wait for the event of this morning the rain having somewhat abated, the 1st | attack. Hence, all the means in reserve were corps put itself irr motion, and placed itself with cavalry charged the battery of Count d'Erlon by the left on the road in Brussels, and opposite the ready to succour Count Loban, and overwlielm village of Mount St. Jean, which appeared the the Prussian corps when it should be advanced.

ille enemy's position. The second | This done, the Emperor bad the design of leadcorp leant its right upon the road to Brussels, ing an attack upon the village of Monut St. Jean, and its left upou a small wood within cannon

trom włich we expected decisive success ; but slot of the English army. The cuirassiers were

by a movenient of impatience, so frequent in our in reserve behind, and the guards in reserve military annals, and which has often been so tatal up the heights. The sixth corps, with the

to us, the cavalry of reserve having perceived a cavaley of General d'Aumont, under the order of retrograde movement made by the English to Coani Loisau, was destined 10 proceed in rear sheiter themselves from our batteries, frotu of ou right, to oppose a Prussian corps, which which they liad suffered so much, crowned the appeared to have escaped Marshal Grouchy, and heights of Mount St. Jean, and charged the itto intevd to fat] upou our right Hank, an intention fantry. This movement, which, made in time, and whicli had been made known to us by our re

supported by the reserves, must have decided ports, and by the letter of a Prussian General, the day, made in an isolated mamer, and before inclosing an order of battle, and which was taken itfairs on the right were terminated, became fa. by ow light troops. The troops were full of ar:

tal. Having no means of countermanding it, the dour We e-timated the force of the English enemy shiewing many masses of cavalry and ini. army at 80,000 men. We supposed that the fautry, and our two divisions of cuirassiers being Prussian corps wirich miglit be in line towards engaged, all our cavalry, rap at the same momeut the right motit be 15,000 wew. The enemy's force to support their comrades. There, for three then was up wards of 90,000 men. Our's less nu turs, numerous charges were made, wliich ena.

At noon, all the preparations being bied us to penetrate several squares, and to take trainatated, Prince Jerome, commanding a di six standards of the light infantsy, an aù vantage yision or the second corps, and destined to form

out of proportion with the loss which our cavalry the extreme left of it, advanced upon the wood experienced lay the grape shot and musket firing. of which the enemy occupied a part. The can.

It was impossible to dispose of our reserves of nunane began. The enemy supported with 30 infantry until we had repulsed the flank attack pieces of cannon the troops he had sent to keep of the Prussian corps. This attack always prothe wood. We made also on our side dispositions longed itself perpendicularly upon our right of arrillery. At one o'clock Prince Jerome was flavik. The Emperor sent thither General Dumaster of all the wood, and the wliole English hesme with the young giard, and several batteries army fell back behind a curtain. Count d’Erlon

of reserye. The enemy was kept in check, re. then attacked the village of Monnt St. Jean, and pulsed, and fell back-e had exhausted his supported his attack with 80 pieces of cannon, forces, and we liad nothing more to tear. It which must have occasioned great loss to the

was this moment that was indicated for an ate English army. All the efforts were made to tack upon the centre of the enemy. As the wards the ridge. A brigade of the first division cuirassiers suffered by the grape-shot, we sent of Count d’Erlon took the village of Mount St: four battalions of the middle guard to protect Jean ; a second-brigade was charged by a corps the cuirassiers, keep the position, and, if possible of Englida cavalry, which occasioned it mucha disengage, and draw tack into the plaiu a part loss. At the same moment a division of English of onr cavalry. Two other battalious were sent įts right, and disorganised several pieces; but

to keep themselves en potence upon the extreme

nrers.

kft of the division, which had manenvred upon the baggage which had noť repassed the Sambre, onr flanks, in order not to have any uneasiness on in short, every thing that was on the field of batthat side the rest was disposed in reserve, part tle, remained in the power of the enemy. It was to occupy the potence in rear of Mount St. Jean, impossible to wait for the troops on our right; part npou the ridge in rear of the field of bat. every one knows what the bravest army in the tle, which formed our position of retreat.

world is when thus mixed and thrown into con In this state of affairs the battle was gained; we fusion, and when its organisation no longer exists, occupied all the positions which the enemy oc

The Emperor crossed the Sambre at Charlerošs enpied at the outset of the battle : our cavalry at five o'clock in the morning of the 19th. Phile diaving been too soon and ill employed, we could lipeville and Avesnes have been given as the no longer hope for decisive success; but Marshal points of re-unioni. Prince Jerome, General Grouchy, having learned the movement of the Morand, and other Generals have there already Prussian corps, marched upon the rear of that rallied a part of the army. Marshal Greuchy. corps, which insured is a signal success for next with the corps on the right, is moving on the clay. After eight hours fire and charges of in- Lower Sanibre. The loss of the enemy must fantry and cavalry, all the army saw with joy the lave been very great, if we may judge from the battle gained, and the field of battle in od power. number of standards we have taken from them, At half-after eight o'clock, the four battalions of and from the retrogade movements which he the-midile gnarı!, who had been sent to the ridge made ;-our's cannot be calculated till after the on the other side of Mount St. Jcan, in order to troops shall have been collectedl.—Before the support the cnirassiers, being greatly annoyed disorder broke ont, we had already experienced a by the grape-sliot, endeavoured to carry the bat. very considerable loss, particularly in onr cavalry, teries with the bayonets. At the end of the so fatally, though so bravely engaged.- Notwithday, a charge directed against their fuk by se standing these losses, this brave cavalry converal English squadrons pirt them in disorder. stantly kept the position it had taken from the The fugitives recrossed the ravin. Several regi- English, and only abandoned it when the tumult ments near at haud seeing some troops belonging and disoriler of t're field of battle forced it. fa to the guard in conforsion, believed it was the old | the midst of the night, and the obstacles which Enard, and in conseqnerne were thrown into dis- encumbered their route, it could not preserve its order. Cries of all is lost, the guard is driven own organization. The artillery las, as' usnal, Rack, were heard on every side. The soldiers covered itself with glory. The carriages belonge pretend even tirat on many points ill-disposed ing to the head-qnarters remained in their ordipersons cried out, saure qui peut. However this nary position; no retrograde movenient being may be, a complete panic at once spread itself judged necessary. In the course of the night throughout the whole field of battle, and they they fell into the enemy's hands. Such has been threw themselves in the greatest disorder on the the issue of the battle of Mount St. Jeap, glorious Jine of communication; soldiers, cannoneers, for the French armies, and yet so fatal. caissons, all pressed to this point; the old guard, which was in reserve, was infected, and was itself h}arried along. Iu an instant, the whole army was nothing but a mass of confusion; all the soldiers of all arms were mixed pel-mel, and it was

THE 18TH. ntterly impossible to rally a single corps. The

At break of day the Prossian army again began enemy, wld perceived this astonishing confusion,

The 4th and 2d corps marched by St. immediately attacked with their cavalry, and in Lambert, where they were to take a position, creased the disorder, and such was the confusion covered by the forest, pear Frichemont, to take owing to right coming on, that it was impossible the enemy in the rear, when the moment should to rally the troops, and point out to them their error. Thus a battle terminated, a day of false appear favourable. The first corps was to ope.

rate by Ohaim on the right flank of the enemy. marianvre rectified, the greatest success insured the third corps was to follow slowly, in order to für die nett day, all was lost by a moment of afford succour in case of need. The battle began panic terior.

Even the squadrons of service, about ten o'clock in the morning. The English drawn up by the side of the Emperor, were over

army occnpied the heights of Mont St. Jean ; throwa ard disorganised by these tumultuous that of the French was on the heiglits before waves, and there was then nothing else to be done Plachenoit; the former about 80,000 strong; but to fulbw the torrent. The parks of reserve, the enemy bad above 130,000. In a short time,

PRUSSIAN

ACCOUNT

OF THE BATTLE OF

to move.

the battle became general along the whole line. some uncertainty was perceived in their moveIt seems that Napoleon had the desigu to throw ments, and it was observed that some pieces of the left wing upon the centre, and thus to effect cannon were retreating. At this moment the the, separation of the English army from the first colamus of the corps of General Ziethen are Prussian, which he believed to be retreating rived on the points of attack, near the village of upon Maestricht,

For this purpose, he bad Smouben, ou the enemy's right flank, and inplaced the greatest part of his reserve in the stantly charged. This moment decided the decentre, against his right wing, and upon this point feat of the enemy. His right wing was broken in he attacked with fury. The english army fought three places; be abandoned his positions. Our with a valour which it is impossible to surpass. troops rushed forward at the pas de charge, and The repeated charges nf the Old Guard were attacked him on all sides, while, at the same baffled by the intrepidity of the Scotch regi. time, the whole English line advanced. Cir ments; and at every charge the French cavalry cumstances were extremely favourable to the was overthrown by the English cavalry. But the attack formed by the Pinssian army; the superiority of the enemy in numbers were too grouud rose in an amphitheatre, so that our artilgreat ; Napoleon continually brought forward lery could freely open its fire from the summit of considerable masses, and with whatever firmness

a great many heights which rose gradually above the English troops maintaived themselves in their each other, and in the intervals of which the position, it was not possible but that such heroic troops descended into the plain formed into brie exertions must have a limit. It was half pastgades, and in the greatest order; while fresli four o'clock. The excessive difficulties of the corps continually unfolded themselves, issuing passage by the defile of St. Lambert had consider from the forest on the beight behind us. The ably retarded the march of the Prussian columns, enemy, however, still preserved means to retreat, 30 that only two brigades of the fourth corps had till the village of Planchenoit, which he had on arrived at the covered position assigned to them. his fear, and which was defended by the gnard, The decisive moment was come; there was not was, after several bloody attacks, carried by. an instant to be lost. The, Generals did not storm. From that time the retreat became a suffer it to escape. They resolved immediately rout, which soon spread throngh the whole to begin the attack with the troops which they French army, which in its dreadful confusion, had at bawd. General Bulow, therefore, with barrying away every thing that attempted to stop two brigades and a corps of cavalry, advanced it, soon as-amed the appearance of the flight of rapidly upon the rear of the enemy's right wing. an army of barbarians. It was half past vine. The enemy did not lose his presence of mind; The Field Marshal assembled all the superior fie instantly purned lijs reserve against ne, and a officers, and gave orders to send the last horse murderons conflict began on that side. The com- and the last man, in pursnit of the enemy. The bat remained long uncertains, while the battle of the van of the army accelerated its march. The English Army still continued with the same vio- French being pursued without intermission, was lence. Towards six o'clock in the evening, we absolutely disorganised. The causeway prereceived the news that General Thielman with sented the appearance of an immense shipthe third corps, was attacked near Wavre by a wreck: it was covered wirh an innumeravery considerable corps of the enemy, and that ble quantity of cannon, caissons, carriages, they were already disputing the possession of the Inggage, arms, and wrecks of every kind. Those town. The Field Marshal, however, did not of the enemy who had attempted to repose for a suffer himself to be disturbed by this news ; it time, and had not expected to be so quickly pur. was on the spot where he was, and 110 where else, sued, were driven from more than nine bivouacs. that the affair was to be decided. A conflict Insome villages they attempted to maintain themcontinually snpported by the same obstinary and selves; but as soon as they heard the beating of kept up by fresh troops, conld alone insure our droms or the sound of the trumpet, they the victory, and if it were obtained here, any either fled or threw themselves into the houses, rcverse near Wavre was of little consequence. where they were cut down or made prisoners. It Tlve colunins, therefore, continued their move- was moonlight, which greatly favoured the purments. It was half an hour past seven, and thic snit, for the whole march was but a contivned jesne of the battle was uncertain. The whole of chace, either in the corn fields or the louses. At the 4:lı corps and a part of the 2d under General Genappe the enemy had entrenched himself with Prish bad sarressively come up. The French camion and overturned carriages; at our ap. troop's fought with desperate fury: however, proach we suddenly heard in the town a grea>

[ocr errors]

noise and a motion of carriages ; at the entrance that this battle should bear the name of La Belle
we were exposed to a brisk fire of musketry; we Alliance.
replied by some cannon shot, followed by an

By the order of Field Marshal Blucher, hurralt, and in an instant after the town was oars.

General GNEISENAV It was here that, among other equipages, the car. riage of Napoleon was taken ; he had just left it to momt on horseback, and in his hurry had for.

ADVANCE OF THE ALLIED ARMIES. gotten in it his sword and hat. Thus the affairs continued till break of day. About 40,000 men,

DOWNING-STREET,June 29, 1815.-Dispatches, in the most complete disorder, the remains of of shich the following are extracts, have been this the whole army, liave saved themselves, retreat day received by Earl Bathursi, from Field Marshal ing through Charleroi, partly without arms, and his Grace the Duke of Wellington, dated Cateau, carrying with them only 27 pieces of their nume.

22d, and Joncourt, 25th instant, rons artillery. The enemy in his fliglit has passed

La Cateau, June 9%, 1815. all his fortresses, the only defence of his fron. We have continued in march on the left of the tiers, which are now passed by onr armies.- Sambre since I wrote to you. Marshal Blucher At three o'clock, Napoleon had dispatched from crossed that river on the 19th, in pursuit of the ene. the field of battle, a courier to Paris, with the

my, and both armies entered the French territories news that victory was no longer doubtful: a

yesterday, the Prussians by Beaumont, and the al few hours after, he had no longer any army left.

lied army, under my command, by Bavay. The We have not yet any exact account of the enemy's remains of the French army have retired upon Joss; it is enougli to know that two-tiirds of the Laon. Alt accounts agree in stating, that it is in a whole army are killed, wounded, or prisoners : very wretched state; and that, in addition to its among the latter are Generals Mouton, Duliesme, losses in battle and in prisoners, it is losing vast and Compars. Up to this time about 300) cannon,

numbers of men by desertion. The soldiers quic and 1000 cassious, are in our lanus. Pew victories, their regiments in parties, and return to their homes; have been so complete, and there is certainly no

those of the cavalry and artillery selling their horses example that an army two days after losing a

to the people of the country. The 3d corps, which battle, engaged in such an action, and so glorions in my dispatch of the 19th I informed your Lord"Iy maintained it. Honour be to troops capable ship had been detached to observe the Prussian of so much firmness and valour! In the middle army, remained in the veiglibourhood of Wavre till of the position occupied by the French army, and the 20th; it then made good its retreat by Namur exactly upon the height, is a farm called La Belle and Dinant. This corps is the only one remaining Alliance. The march of all the Prussian columns entire. I am not yet able to transmit your Lord. was directed towards this farm, which was visible ship returns of the killed and wounded in the army from every side. It was there that Napoleon was in the late actions. It gives me the greatest satisduring the batme; it was thence he gave his faction to inform you, that Colonel Delancy is not orders, that he flattered himself with the hopes of dead: he is badly wounded, but his recovery is not victory, and it was there that - his ruin was de doubted, and I hope will be early. cided. There, too, it was, that by a happy chance Field Marshal Blucher and Lord Wellington met

Joncourt, June 25, 1815. in the dark, and mutually saln ted each other as

Finding that the garrison of Cambray was not victors. In commemoration of the alliance which very strong, and that the place was not very well now subsists between the English and Prussian supplied with what was wanting for its defence, I nations, of the union of the two armies, and their sent Lieut. General Sir. Charles Colville there, on reejprocal confidence, the Field Marsbal desired, the day before yesterday with one brigade of the

[ocr errors][ocr errors]

831] POLITICAL REGISTER.- Historical Notices of the War, &c. Sc. (332 4th division, and Sir C. Grant's brigade of cavalry;, England, alas! the hostile leagne has join'd end upon his report of the strergth of the place, I Lost to lier honour, to her welfare blind; sent the whole division yesterday morning. I have Justice, with ineek-eyed Peace, las fled the land

Subdued by base Corruption's withering hand; now the satisfaction of reporting, that Sir Charles Who, o'er our isle, has stalk'd with giant stride, Colville took the town by escalade yesterday even. Destroy'd, wiat once was Britain's greatest pride, ing, with trifling loss, and from the communications Her boasted liberty-whose sacred flame, which lie has since had with the Governor of the Rais’d to the highest pitch the British name. citadel, 1 have every reason to hope that that post The country's shatter'd vessel from the grave;

Will no one seize the helm, and try to save will have been surrendered to a Governor sent there Must she ignobly perislı in the storm, by the King of France, to take possession of it, in Will no one raise the bold protecting arm? the course of this day. St Quenten has been aban- Where is that manly, danntless spirit flown, doned by the enemy, and is in possession of Mar. Which once belong'd to Englishmen alone,

Which in the canse of Justice drew the sword, sbal Prince Blucher; and the castle of Guise sur.

And the stern voice of Hononr only heard; rendered last night. All accounts concur in stating When tò a tyrant they submission scorn'd, that it is impossible for the enemy to collect an But with their blood, their riglits, their freedom, . army to make bead against us. It appears that the

earn'd.

Dead is that manly spirit, or we ne'er French corps which was opposed to the Prussions on

Could join those wretches who delight in war; the 18th inst, and had been at Wavre, suffered con

Whose hearts are callons to their country's woes, siderably in its retreat, and lost some of its cannon.

And who alone are England's direst foes.
What signal punislıment has Heavin in store

For those who basely sell, for sordid ore,
BELLA HORRIDA BELLA!

Their country's freedom and her peace destroy,

And in ber deep distress find horrid joy. At length once more are loos’d the dogs of war, The day of ret.

Sutioirsoon mirst come, To spread wide waste and desolation far;

When these vile wretches will receive there To deal destruction on our fellow-men,

doom; To place the Bourbon on the throne again. Their unavailing sorrows then will how, Imperial Russia's num'rous hordes advance, For rigid Justice will no mercy shew, With Europe's monarchs leagned to ravage France But on their coward heads will fall th' avenging Now march to give in gallant Frenchimen laws, blow. And dare assert, they fight in Freedoni's canse; But the base object which they seek to gain, Buckinghamshire.

AMOR PATRIE Is on the free-born soul to fix the chain,

END
LES

Priuted and Published by G. HOUSTON, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed

to the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.

« PreviousContinue »