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by that race of expectants who are always Saxony? Docs Saxony wish for the apologizing for kingly errors, that there is union? No. Directly the reverse. Do now a period arrived, when the ambition these liberators of the world, fulfil of monarehs is not tarnished with in their promise respecting national rights justice; when the sceptre is not supported by outraging them? Could Buonaparte by blood, but by the free and generous have done more than force upon applause of the people; when the Liber- country a sovereignty which it lated? ators of France will give peace to the Have not these liberators, according to world, and establish the general tran- the Times and Courier, done still quillity upon a basis too firm to be more? Have they not deprived Saxony shaken. However ridiculous might ap- of a monarch which it loves? Whom pear ihe assimilation of absolute monar- has the King of Saxony offended? his chy and impartiality, of policy and jus- people? they forgive him. The nations tice, we were still disposed to give them of Europe? What, by entering into credit for generally nieaning well; and treaties with Buonaparte? They have we augured from their intentions what all done the same. By adhering to the we might have doubted from their ca- faith of those treatie's ? Yes. Here paeities. . The Courier, and its satellites, lies the real grievance: his adherence now say that we were deceived, that the to his word, his treaty, réproached deliberations of Vienna have unveiled many of them with the breach of theirs their motives, and that personal advan- he had received benefits from the hands tage seems the general and the only point of Napoleon, and did not think it conon which they proceed to argue. Whe- sistent or honest to betray him. The ther our newspaper press be correct or example he had before his eyės, did not not in ascribing these motives to the convince. He exhibited the phenomeAllied Sovereigns, it is not my province non of a sovereign who did not think to decide. To time, which tries all convenience a sufficient reason for falsethings, it must be left to settle this. I hood. The Times, I observe, talks of cannot, however, refrain from remarking, conquest, as giving the negotiating mothat the infamous partitioning of Poland narchs the right of disposing of the in the first instance, gave to the revolu- fate of Saxony, and of transferring the tiorary leaders of France an example Saxons, like cattle, to a master they and a fair justification for proceeding in dislike. Would it have been advisable a similar manner; and I should not be to talk of the conquest of their counsusprised if the seeds of another, and try to those Saxon soldiers who joined

more tremendous revolution, were the ranks of the allies at the battle of now sowing upon the continent, by the Leipsig? Would Bernadotte, who placed legitimate monarchs of the day, again himself at their head, and called upon

forming
sehemes of personal aggrandisement liberties of Europe; would ne, bave

Paties, of convenience, and them to follow him in the cause of the and private advantage. Napoleon really thought it the best method of securing possessed an equal right to Spain, with their aid, by telling them that their Russia to Poland, or Prussia to Saxony country would be treated as a conquered If these projected and more shall take province? But Prussia must have in place, let us hear no more of the ty-demnity? Indemnity for what? For the Fanpy, or

tlre injustieę, of the Empe- loss of Hanover, which she received of France. It has been very well re- from Buonaparte to wink at the ruin of marked, that Calvin was far more cruel Austria? For the loss of her own prothan the Catholios whom he so abus- vinces in the war with Buonaparte which ed, because, alive to the condemna- she herself provoked? Are these the tion of their etuelty, he equalled its claims of Prussia to the annexation of vilest enormity. Why then, if what is Saxony? "Can her best friends assign said of these sovereigns: be true, are any other? Would the worst of her enethey less guilty than the victim of their mies desire any more? Have the Times efforts Why is the conduct which in and Courier no recollection of their

? Buonaparte was so universally execrated own consono recollection of their to be tolerated, or approved, in them? fidel House of Brandenburgh?". Have This cannot be justiee; this surely is not they so soon forgot their pious remarks enerosity But why must Prussia hays upon the judgment which attended the

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ķingdom of the Deist Frederick. Has I which it was formed have been abanthe Christianity of the present mo- doned. No notice, as far as I have narch retrieved its destiny? I shall not been able to discover, has been taken notice the pretext of arrondisement: of it in any of our newspapers, or It would be only the plea of universal other periodical publications.

A SOmonarchy in its extreme; no arrondise- ciety with such liberal and enlarged ment could be complete, but the cir- views, could not fail, in my opinion, cumference of the globe. In my next to meet with generous support were its I shall offer with your permission, a few intentions made sufficiently public, and remarks on the pretension of Russia to why these should be kept in reserve, Poland.

JUVENIS. if the association now exists, is a pro

blem that seems very ditficult to solve.

It would gratify many of your readers, THE PILLORY.

if any of your correspondents could SIR.---The remarks which lately ap- give some information respecting this peared in your journal on the subject Society, which mnight, with great proof the pillory, do equal credit to the priety, and without any departure from head and to the heart of Benevolųs. its original views,connect the subject of It is rather extraordinary in these en- the pillory with the other important lightened times, when we hear so much reforms for which it was instituted. about converting the heathen, emanci- While, however, it may be said, that pating the slaves, and encouraging the I have been liberal in , my censure Bible Societies, that scarcely one pub- of our public writers for neglecting lic writer should be found, who pos- this vital subject, let me not be acsessed the courage, or the inclination, cused of partiality.---From this general to ; reprobate a practice so disgraceful reprehension I am glad to fipd there is to our law, and marked with so many one exception, who has done the subfeatures of a barbarous policy.

barbarous policy. The ject ample justice, though his modesty, public press every where terms with which is always a proof of talent, has idle and contražlictory speculations as led him to conceal his name. I allude to the probable result of the discuss to the observations on the pillory, sions at Vieniia; whether the system which appeared in the last number of of aggrangisement attributed to the the periodical work, entitled the Emperor Napoleon, is to be adopted Pamphleteer. They appear to me - so

' as the law of nations, or whether that excellent, and the writer has discussed state of things which existed previous the subject in so masterly a manner, to the French Revolution, is to be fe that I should like to see the whole of stored. These and some contemptible dis remarks published in your Register. matters as a new order of knight: But as this nay not be altogether com hood, are the only topics for wlich sistent with your other arrangements, the 'neople of this highly cultivgted I have subjoined to this letter a short řation seem at present to have any extract, to which I liope you will relish, or on which the pen of the phi: the more realily give upsertion Hat its fantļuorist or of the philosoplier is en: whole tendiney is to infórce and illusgaged. The amélioration of our Jaws, trate the arguments of Beneralus, who the state of qui peisgns, the remains so strengusly and so laudably.contended af that rýdeness which still pervades against the existence of a wode of pumany of our customs, and presents a shruent, possessing so many

features of formidable barrier to civilization, are savage, sivelty and barbarity points that few writers appear inter

Yours, &c.A. Be ested in, nor which have foum many partizans among the people. Some It may indeed be said, that some of years ago, heart sounething of the the crimes thus visited are well deserer existence of a society ip the metropolising the utmost fury of an enraged peafor the diffusion :of knowledge on the ple, and that there is no punishnient punishment of death, and the improve: denozingad against thene by one penal ment of prison discipline, but I have code at all equal to the darkness of their yet to learn thật any thing was effected gult. Be it so. That stfoods no rea

uffordsby this insæitution, or if the objects for you why the defects of the lano skould

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be made up by the assistance of popular | arrayed against their authority; and a tumult, or its necessities supplied by competition is excited where it is the violence and outrage. In short, the noblest policy to conciliate. In the pillary is in direct opposition to the latter, the people act the part of unprinciple upon which all laws are foun- authorized erecutioners, and become faded, and must serve, as far as its influ- 1 miliar with the most brutal of pleasures, ence extends, to undermine the founda- the delight 'in pain, the horrible laugh tion of their authority. They were erect- of demoniac exultation at the sufferings ed to control the unbridled passions of of a fellow being. They who look on man, to take from individuals the power the tortures inflicted at a bull-baiting of revenge, to render punishments the or a-cock-fight with a virtuous horror, determinate effect of firm and substan- unless they measure out their disgust tial engctments, instead of fluctuating according to law, should feel a much with the rage and the sympathies of stronger indignation at the sight of a individuals, to prevent parties from fellow creature set up to be pelted al being judges of their own

injuries, to most to death amidst the drunken accla

, humaniš, society by taking from the mation and infernal revelry of the low strongest the power of inflicting arbi, est and most depraved of our species tracy penalties by which it was reduced And if thus pernicions in its immedito a state of perpetual warfare, and to ate influence, it is not less dangerous in impress the mind with awe by the its example. Those whom you suffer to weight and the solemnity of their deci- riot on the side of the laws may soon learn. şions. But this strange infiction ac to oppose them with similar outrages, tually reverses all these benign inten- By allowing them thus to supply the tions which the collective wisdom of ages deficiency of the lawgiver, we educate hos gradually matured; it proceeds on them for revolution and carnage. We antisocial principles, and tends to bring give them 'arms to be awakened against us back to our state of original barbar: our bosoms, whenever the breeze oj disism. We have all been taught that the content shall sweep over facred throne of justice should be er hands that have learned to throw bricka alted far above the passions and the and filth on the criminal, may exercise ever-fluctuating sympathies of man; the same discipline on the judges, if they that its voice should be es certain as it should be so unfortunaté as to incur is cuful, and its sentences untainted their displeasure. with any of the grower particles that It is sufficiently metaneholy to see mere in a lowlier atmosphere. We have such a monument of savage life standing learnt that while increasing wisdom uninjured amidst the trophies of goodshould improve our laws, their actual ness and of virtue ; but it is still more dictates should be received during their offensive to see it regarded as a piller of existence with a noble and generous our legistative system. It saddens us obedience. But here, in opposition to to see riots at all existing in a well

. all these marims, we see in them a regulated state; but we are doubly principle which tends to their own provoked by the strange fromaly which destruction, a secret cancer which by makes the laws appear to excite them, insensible degrees is eating away the We regret to see a popular demagogue vital principle on which their vigor lead his followers to confusion and disand their majesty depend. A judg-order; but our veration has no bounds 'ment of the pillory is the worst, of when a judge is competled by the duties their enemies. the mob applaud, of his office to give up the reigns to the they are set openly at defiance; and if frenzy of the shameless and the degras on the other hand they break out into ded. piolence, the peace they should preserve is broken, the personal feelings they should subdue gre excited, and the bar

EDIPUS JUDAICUS. barons spirit of man unsoftened by: civilization which they were formed to The Ancient searched for Truth; the Moderns repress, is aroused by their powerful

pretend they possess it-VÖLXBY. sanction. In the former case, the best MR. COBBETT.When I sent you emelions of the heart are injudiciously my two former letters, I endeavoured

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to call your readers, not only to con- explained to me the design and inten. sider the situation of Mr. G. Houston, tion of its author; since which I have bui also to request they would examine liad a sight of the book. : -It has fully into the liberty of the press in this answered my expectation, and again country; 'on whose altar that writer is I say displays a fund of prodigious now a victim for until this ·

thinking erudition, The following shortexw nation" really understand his situation, tract will shew its intention, and deand the motives for which he is punished, sign, “I contend" (preface page ii.) that, he will not be the last that will suffer in the Ancient Jews, like other nations its cause,

of antiquity, had their esoteric, and I knew I touched a sore place, when their exoteric doctrines; they conI attempted to shew to your readers cealed the former under innumerable The discordant opinionis entertained of types and symbols," the meaning of that old book for which Eaton, Hous- which is generally unknown among ton, and thousands more may be sent their descendants. It is the object of to prison. I knew that I might be a my book to explain the hidden sense trinitarian, a unitarian, a Southcotearian, of many paysages in the Hebrew Scrip. or any other foolarian; but that I must ture.” Page 22, he says, “I recollect not bring the contradictions, and (what “that Moses was learned in all the wis

, they calls the arguments of one tribe to "dom of the Egyptiaus, and I expect to

“ combat the whims of the other, without “ find traces of that misdom in his works. exciting the suspicions of those who " The learned among the ancient Egypcall themselves Just! But I have done “ tians were pure theists, as Cudworth to; and while I delight in thie deed, I " has proved. They were deeply skilled smile at their suspicions and contempt. " in the sciences: but they carefully

“ Before I reply to your correspondent " concealed their mysteries under innaJustus, pernit me to introduce the origin“ nerable symbols and allegories. May

“ of my acquaintance with the work in " we not look then for the same thing question. You must know there is a ' in the writings which are ascribed to towa designated by one of the most the Jewish Lawgiver. t is what I cortupt of his time as "the boyshop have done, and I sulimit to the judg. of Europe ; whose inhabitants, (speak “ment of a few individuals, the result of generally) in my estimatiou, rank lower my researches." for liberality of sentiment, general in- Of the 250 copies only, which I stated formation, and Christian charity, than to have been printed, 100 yow remata The scale by which I estimate them is. In the lands of the publisher. You will,

therefore, judge whether I have been unthat in and about the place, there are fair in my former conimynication. As to the remains of half-mutilated houses, quibbling about its method of publicatiog because their inhabitants opposed the and circulation, it would be a ridiculous crígin of our war with the French Re- waste of time, I wish a copy was in the pnblie, burnt by Church' and King hands of every person in the kingdom; mobs, and that in those receptacles of for Sir Wm. Drummond would then make" resort, wlierë its people go to drink a better and more practical use of his mild' ale and talk wisdom, there are abilities and learning. With regard to scrollsifsèribed with legible English the çıuel bint about a proseeution, for characters " No Jacobins admitted blasphemy, and the pillory, its author, d here." "I was leaving this town last like D. J. Fáton, will receive more praise, Sumber in the Mail, and in passing and of a better descriptiop, than if he one of those houses whose iniserable were to be bespangled with orders and appearance appeals, in silent and pa: titles by erery King in Christendom. thetic language, to the frigid faculties, o, Sir, it is cruel? You know it is, to and would hush to silence their up.. talk of law in a country where it is manly prejudices, it reflection ever and passible a picked jury may be chosen imated their torpid brains, when I by those who fatten on the wages of cor

; . soon discovered from the observations ruption, and wibo delight in piersecuting of a gentleman in the coach, that be such as attempt to rndeceive the people. was the Father of the engraver of the As to the writers, whose books I have plates, in the Edipus Judoicus. Hef fainly puuted, being Sir W. D. hiuself,

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If they

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“I guess no man in his senses will main- what principle of rule or right any one "tain so wild a position."--Indeed, from dares to interfere and prescribe the the wording of your Correspondent's method by which another is to exerletter, I do not believe he is serious cisé his judgment. That a deal of in his assertion. But I challenge him mischief has been the result of this in to the proof; for Candidus, one of the terference, no one, acquainted with three, tells Sir Wm. Drummond that he the history of his own country, much prefers the old version best, and cen- more with the history of the world, can sures him for ridiculing the Bible. Sup- deny; and whether the same quantum pose, however, I am wrong in my opi- of mischief woull have taken place nion of the author of the Edipus Ju- provided the bible had never been daicus; suppose he is the story teller, the known, is, in my opinion, difficult to fool, and the vain jackdaw, they wish prove. At any rate, the systern of to represent him, what " necessity” was priestcraft has had a sutticient trial; there for this great and mighty parson, and it would be more becoming in the Christian Advocate, to notice his those who profess such anxiety for the production? Why did he make such circulation of the bible, to let it take endeavours to obtain a copy, he best its chance.

copy, he best its chance. Let them, at any rate, knows how? Surely, the “ pious, think shew their disinterestedness, by giving

ing people of this country," could up the pounds, shillings, and pence not have their “ minds tainted” by an it produces; or take pay only in that octavo book of not quite 500 pagës, “ of manner, and in those quantities, which " the most hollow and fallacious de- those who receive their assistance can “ scription." But these are the rules agree and afford to give, the hypocrites act upon. I was a boy should find that they do not thrive so when Thomas Paine's works were pub- well under this system, I hope they lished; but I recollect the writer was will recollect, there will be more man, at first held too contemplible for no- liness in their adopting the following tice, and the “ friends to social order, maxim, than in returning to the old " and our hoiy religion," were told they practice: had nothing to fear. After a while, the Soine other scheme must occnpy their brain ; Attorney General interfered, who got a For those who onco lave eat must eal again. jury to condemnPaine's books, and then the

VARRO canting junto asserted they were answered and refuted." Read our side, (said

“ they,) "see what Bishop Watson says." | ON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION, . So says Justus; he calls the author of the Edipus Judaicus a vain jackdaw;

LETTER V. tells the people to read the book; “ Advise, but force not." (which he knows cannot be had), ex

Sr, BERNARD's Letters. horts thiet to attend to the Christian SiR.---Marmontel, in his Bellisarius, Adfocate; and censures those who take [the fifteenth chapter of which, I would part against him. Come, come, Justus, particularly recommend to the perusal give up your prejudices. Let the "Si- of every person who has not read it)

cilian Knight and British Privy Coun- says, "Truth cannot fail to triumph, but

celfor." . ititerpret the Bible bis own " it must not be by the arm of flesh.' Way You may depend on it I will let " By putting the sword of VENGEANCE the Archbishop's Chaplain, (wlio ap- " into the hand of TRUTH, you entrust peats blessed with all those amiablo “ ERROR with it also. The very posqualities that ddorned his predecessor" session of that sword, will always be

the ever memorable time of William " deemed a sufficient authority to wield Penny put what interpretation on it he" it without mercy, and PERSECUTION plegges. Every one that reads the "will always be on the side of the bible may undoubtedly find both in 1" strongest.”

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" struction and delight; but he will be How simple, and yet how forcible is dfore likely to become a rätionat being the mode of reasoning adopted by this if he be allowed to put his own cont beautiful writer. If kings were supe straction upon it, and interpret it his posed to be God's vicegerents' upon earth, otra way. I should like to know by land, in that capacity were allowed to:

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