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Tarançon, 15
Viamen, 155

Wilts, 207
Tauroggen, 152
Vienna, 96

Windsor Castle, 321, 528, 537
Tetersdorf, 926
Villa Castin, 18

Wismar, 753 Thorenn, 288

Nuevo da Gomez, 18 Wittenburgh, 630, 757, 765, Thorn, 252, 629

· Tobas, 15

795, 892 Thuilleries, 279, 696

Vistula, river, 97, 604, 637, Wizna, 284 Thuringia, 631, 759

775

Woipecta, 121
Tikotchine, 281, 285
Vittoria, 15, 19

Wolkowisk, 109, 285
Tilsit, 73, 121, 151, 284, 287, Volbynia, 252

Woloschana, 160 314, 599, 635

Woloshia, 109
Toletschin, 64
Wahletz, 736, 751

Wurchau, 891
Torgau, 630, 765, 795, 858 Warsaw, 109, 285, 288, 314, Wurtchen, 828
Totoschin, 94

607

Wurtzburgh, 631, 894
Tregony, 905, 908, 921 Wartzen, 764, 765

Wysokomasowetz, 284
Trotskendorf, 832
Washington, 703

Wyssokolitorsk, 285
Thouenberg, 285

Wehlau, 284, 312
Tschetuga, 63
Weimar, 755

Yarmouth, 738
Tschvuga, 94

Weissenberg, 828 Tukuma, 154

Weissenfels, 755, 798, 819, Zeist, 761 Tula, 96

823

Zeitz, 824
Tuscany, 283
Weissig, 827, 891

Zell, 625
Twer, 96
Werbalin, 288

Zembine, 154
Tarol, 631
Werben, 820

Ziesa, 736
Weser, river, 631

Zolunspecke, 630
Upper Erseln, 284

West India isles, 316, 594 Zorest, 736

Westminster, 93, 132, 609, 688 Zubst, 735
Valdemoro, 17
Westphalia, 631, 635

Zurich, 604
Valladolid, 247
Whitehall, 300, 652

Zuts, 759
Varel, 631
Wichertanden, 761

Zuzar, 630
Vebelitz, 751
Wilhemsburgh, 895

Zwenkau, 759, 761, 798, 820 Veleika, 153

Wilna, 107, 147, 154, 159, 184, Zwickan, 894 Verdep, 630

286, 314, 607

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PRICE OF BULLION per Ounce, in the London Market, during the Six
Months ending 30th June, 1813, being the 'average price of euch

Number of BANKMonth.-N.B. Where there is no price mentioned, there has been none

RUPTCIES anof that sort of Bullion in the Market.

nounced in the London Gazette; from 17th

November,1812,to 18th Sorts of Bullion. Jan. Feb. March. April. May. June.

May, 1813. £.s. d. £.s. d. £.s. d. £.š. d. £.s. d. £.8. d. Portugal Gold

To 16 Dec. 1812 . . 221 Coin

4 19 11 15 0 6 5 2 0 5 2 0 15 3 0 15 3 0 Standard Goldin

16 Jan. 1813. Bars 4 18 00 0 5 0 0 0 0

164) 0 15 0 0 15 2 6

210 New Doubloons 5 2

- 16 Feb.
0 15 3
6 5 50 15! 5 6 5 6 0 5 6 6

16 March
New Dollars o 6 606 670 670 67406 8 o 6 81
Standard Silver

17 April in Bars ...0 680* 6.830 6.90"; 6 10 0 - 6.100 6 94

.:. 143

- 18 May ...140 N. B. The MINT PRICE, per Ounce, of the Standard Gold and Silver Bullion is as follows: Standard Gold in Bars, £.3 178. 104d. Standard Silver in Bars; 58. 2d. The other sorts of Bullion, except the - Portugal

1018) Gold Coin, are below Standard Yalue. The Prices in the above table is the Market Price in Bank of England Notes.

Price of the QUARTERN LOAF, according Table of the Prices of MEAT, SUGAR, SALT, and to the Assize of Bread in LONDON, for COALS, in LONDON, from January to

the Six Months ending with Jan. 1813, Jupe, 1813, inclusive.

taking the average of the four Assizes in

each Montb.-N.B. The Weight of the Jan. Feb. Mar. April. May. June.

Loaf, according to Law, is 416. 5oz. 8dr. 8. d. 8. d. 8. d. 8. d. s. d. 8. d.

8. d. Beef 6.4 6 8 7 4 7 4.78 6 8

January

1 61 Mutton 6 8 74 7 4 7 8 8 0 6

February

1 6 Pork : 68 7 87 8 8 4 8 0 8

March

1 62

April Sugar . 56 0457 458 94157 7|58 104 64 o Cwt.

6 May

62 Salt . . 20 0 20 0 20 0 20 0 20 0 20 0 Bushel

June

1 63 Coals . 155 0 55 9 151 0 151 6154 0152 9 Chald.

d. Average Price during the Six Months 1 6

Per Stone of 8
Ib., to sink the
offal.

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January

593

To Jan. 26.. 7| 1157 989 927 871
Feb. 23

843 827 February

58

March 26.

833
837

807
910
April 27 .

869 757 701 March

59
May 25
758

650 571 June 22

828 774 569 498 April. 59

5,318 | 4,962 4,555 | 4,109 May

59

Total Christenings 10;2 8 0. 8,6 6 4

Children under two years of age . 2,4 61
June

584

Total Burials

11,1 25 Average Prices of CORN, through all England and Wales, and of HAY, STRAW, and best

FARNHAM HOPS, in London, from January to June, 1813, both Months inclusive.
Corn per Quarter of 8 Winchester Busbels.

Hay per Straw per Hops per

Load. Load.
Wheat. Rye. Barley. Oats. Beans.
8. d.

d.
d.

d. s. d. £. s. d. £. s. d. £. s. d.
79 4
120 2

66
42 6

83
5 0

2
6

0 25 4

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Vol. XXIII, No.1.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1813.

[Price 1s.

TO THE

1)

[2 asserted, that America would be totally PRINCE REGENT,

ruined by six months of war; that the peoON THE DISPUTE WITH AMÉRICA.

ple would not pay the taxes necessary to

carry it on; that the President, for only Letter X.

barely talking of war, would be put out Sir,

of his chair; that the “ American Navy," During the two years that I was impri- as it was called by way of ridicule, would soned in Newgate, for writing and publish- be "swep! from the ocean in g month;" ing an article upon the flogging of certain and, that, in short, a war with America was English Militia-men, at Ely, in England, a thing for Englishmen to laugh at; a subunder the superintendence of German ject of jest and mockery. troops, and for which writing and publish- This was the style and tone of the hire. ing , besides, paid your Royal Highness ling press in London, and, with very few a.fine of a thousand pounds, in behalf of exceptions, the country prints followed the your Royal Sire; during that time I endea- stupid and insolent example. Events have voured, in various ways, to expiate my of- already shown how false all these assertions fence, but in no way more strenuously than were; and now, as is its usual practice, in trying to dissuade you from yielding to this same corrupt press is pouring forth new advice, which, as I thought, would, if falsehoods, with a view of urging on the followed, produce a war with the Ameri- war, and of reconciling the people to its can States. That consequence, which I so calamities. much dreaded, and which I laboured with It was my endeavour to show

your Royal so much earnestuess to prevent, has unhap- 'Highness the real state of the case. I said, pily taken place; and, though it may be of that the people of America, though wisely no service; though my efforts may still be averse frorn war, as the great source of taxunavailing; nay, though I may receive ation and loss of liberty, would, nevertheabuse instead of thanks for my pains, Iless, submit to its inconveniences rather cannot refrain; the love I bear my own than submit to the terms which it was recountry, and the regard I shall ever bear commended, in our hireling prints, to ima great part of the people of America, will pose upon thein. I begged your Royal not suffer me to refrain from making one Highness to disbelieve those, who said that more trial to convince your Royal High- the American Government dared not go to ness, that the path of peace is still fairly war, and that Mr. Madison would not be open with that country, and that pacific re-elected. I besought you to reflect upon measures are the only measures which ought the consequences of rushing into a war with even now to be pursued.

that country, amongst which consequences In one of my Letters to your Royal I included the forming of a great Naval Highness, I endeavoured to convince you, force on the other side of the Atlantic, and that it was to the base, the prostituted the not less fearful measure of manning a press, of England, that we were likely to French Fleet with American Sailors. Our owe this war; 1 pointed out to your Royal hired press affects to turn into jest a propoHighness the means resorted to by that sition said to have been made by the Presipress in order to deceive the people of Eng- dent for the building of twenly frigates. land; and, I expressed my apprehensions, If he has made that proposition, however, that those means would succeed. That and, if the war, continue only a year, your press, that vile and infamous press, which Royal Highness will find that the twenty is the great enemy of the liberties of Eu- frigates are launched upon

The rope and America as well as of England, ignorant and saucy writers in London, who was incessant in its efforts to cause it to be live up to their lips in luxury, and whose believed, that, in no case, would the Ame- gains are not at all dependant upon the rican Government dare to go to war. It prosperity of the country; these men care

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not how the people suffer. Their object is none of whom are clad in rags; none of
to prolong the war, which súlts the views whom are without meat upon their table
of all those with whom they are connected. daily; not one soul of whom would conde-
They assert whatever presents itself as like- scend to pull off his hat to any human
ly to promote this object, and, therefore, being. And this is the nation, a nation,
they take no pains to ascertain whether the too, descended from ourselves, that ihe.
building of twenty frigates is, or is not, a hirelings of the London press represent as
inatter of easy execution in America. If destitute of resources !
they did, they would find, that the Ameri-, Perhaps, Sir, the resources of America
caps have the Timber, the Iron, the Pitch, are estimated according to the salaries which
the Hemp, all of the produce of their own their public functionaries receive; and,
country, all in abundance; all, of course, measured by this standard, our new enemy
cheap; and, as to dock-yards, and other must, indeed, appear wholly unable to
places to build ships, inquiry would teach contend against us for a single day; for the
these ignorant and insolent men, that, in President, the Vice President, the Secreta-
many cases, the Timber grows upon the ries of State, the Treasury, War, Navy,
very spot where the ship is to be built, and and all their clerks ; that is to say, the
that to cut it down and convert it into a whole of the Officers of the Executive Go-

is to do a great benefit to the owner of vernment, do not receive more than about the land.

half the amount of Lord Arden's sinecure, And, then, as to the pecuniary means : as stated in the report to the House of Comto hear the language of our lirelings, one mons in 1808. Nay, the Apothecary to our would imagine, that the people of America | Army does, according to the same report, were all beggars; that the country contain- receive, in clear profits, annually, as much ed scarcely a man of property; that there as twice the amount of the Salary of the were no such things as money, house goods, President of the United States. Our Chief cattle, or manufactures. They must, in- Justice, in salary and emoluments, as stated deed, confess that the country grows corn; in the Reports laid before Parliament, rebut, somehow or other, they would have us ceives annually a great deal more than Mr. believe, that there are, in America, no Madison, Mr. Monroe, Mr. Gallatin, and means; no resources. They cannot dis- the Secretaries of War and the Navy in guise from us the fact, that there are fine America, all put together. I shall, percities and towns; that there is a commer- haps, be told, that our public functionaries cial marine not far behind our own in point ought to receive more than those in Ameof magnitude; that the exports from the rica. That is a point which I shall leave country amount annually to more than half for others to dispute. I content myself as much as our exports, and that they con- with stating the facts; but, if I am told, sist of articles of first necessity; that the that we ought not to measure the salaries country contains all the articles of useful of our functionaries by the American standmanufactory, and that manufactures are ard, I must beg leave, in niy turn, to promaking great progress; nay, that they have test against measuring the expenses of war arrived at great perfection; that the coun- in America by the standard of war expenses try is stocked with sheep, that great source in England. I must insist, too, that the of a nation's wealth, and that to so high a resources of a country are not to be measur. degree have these animals succeeded, that ed by the standard of the salaries of its pubmany single proprietors have already flocks lic functionaries. I should take quite a of more than a thousand head. These facts different standard for the measuring of the the hired press cannot disguise from us ; resources of America. We know, that, or, at least, froin those amongst us, who upon a population of ten millions, in Great are not wilfully blind. Upon what ground, Britain, a revenue of about eighty millions then, Sir, would they have us believe, that of pounds is now annually raised; and America is destitute of resources ? The that, in these ten millions of people we inthings which I have here spoken of, are clude, at least, two millions of paupers. things of which national riches consist ; Now, then, if they raise but a tenth part as they form the means of making national much upon the eight millions of Americans, exertions; of sending forth fleets and ar- who have no paupers amongst them, their mies. And, we ought to bear in mind, eight millions will be four times as much that America, that this new enemy of

ours, as was ever yet raised in the country in any has a population of more than eight mil- one year; and, it is, I think, not too much lions of souls; none of whom are paupers; to suppose, that an American will bear a

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