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many; and have every where endeavoured ter with which the general Disturber bound to sow the seeds of disunion. Dreading a Germany, after dismembering her, and renewal of the war in Russia, they seek even obscuring her ancient name, can no allies in Germany, who will assuredly be longer be tolerated, as it is the effeci of come their victims, and be abandoned, on foreign constraint and of foreign influence. the first movement of the armies which are It must be dissolved.--Their Majesties now organizing throughout the provinces of will only give protection while the German France. Recal to mind the acts of those Princes and nations are engaged in comwho now entice you to rebellion. Remem- pleting the grand work.- Let France, ber in what manner they have abandoned who is beauteous and strong through heryou on former occasions, and ask yourselves self, occupy herself, in future, in prowhat support they are likely to afford you. moting her internal welfare! No foreign The vanguard of the Russian army has only power intends disturbing it--no hostile crossed the Elbe to plunder and destroy, power shall be sent against her rightful and has retired on the approach of our frontiers. But be it known to France, thať troops.
The forces of that power have ad the other powers are solicitous of conquervanced with a temerity which will not ing lasting tranquillity for their subjects, escape chastisement. The first battle will and that they will not lay down their arms, be the signal for the garrisons of the for- until the foundation of the independence tresses they have left in their rear, to sally of every European state has been establishout and cut off their retreat. The first de- ed and secured.- -In the name of their feat will be to them annihilation; too hap- Majesties the Emperor of Russia and King py if the remains of their armies are per- of Prussia. mitted to return by capitulation. Prussia
Prince KUTOU SOFF SMOLENSK, has been compelled to unite with the ene- Field Marshal and Commander in Chief of my. Her conduct merits as much pity as
the Allied Army. contempt. But she will be the first to Head-quarters, Kalisch, 13th (25th) abandon the alliance she has formed. From
March, 1813. England do you expect succours ? Alas! what nation ever confided in her friendship that escaped ruin. Banished from the
FRANCE. Continent, the woes of the nations that in.
IMPERIAL Decree. habit it are regarded by her with exultation! -Inhabitants ! Return to your
Palace of the Thuilleries, March 25, 1813. homes, resume your occupations, and be Napoleon, Emperor of the French, &c. assured, the armies that are now hasten- We have decreed and do decree as follows: ing from the interior will quickly drive the Art. 1. The Concordat, signed at Russians into their own country.
Fontainbleau, which regulates the affairs (Signed) CARA ST. CYR, General, &c. of the Church, and which was, on the 13th Olterberg, April 2, 1813.
of February, 1813, published as the law of the State, is obligatory upon our Arch
bishops, Bishops, and Chapters, who Russian Address to the Germans.
shall be bound to conform to it. -2. As While the victorious warriors of Russia, soon as we shall have nominated to a vaaccompanied by those of His Majesty the cant Bishoprick, and communicated such King of Prussia, his ally, appear in Ger- nomination to the Holy Father, in the many, His Majesty the Emperor of Russia, forms prescribed by the Concordat, our and His Majesty the King of Prussia, an. Minister of Worship shall send an account nounce to the Princes and nations of Ger- of such nomination to the Metropolitan, many, the return of liberty and inde- and if the nomination be'a Metropolitan, pendence. They only come with an in- to the oldest Bishop of the Ecclesiastical tention of aiding them to reconquer those Province. 3. The persons whom we inalienable benefits of nations, and of af- shall have nominated, shall
before fording powerful protection, and lasting the Metropolitan, who will make the presecurity, to the regeneration of a venerable scribed inquiries, and address the result Empire.---These two armies, trusting of them to the Holy Father. 4. If the
-4 in God, and full of courage, advance, person nominated should be under
any echoping that every German, without dis- clesiastical exclusion, the Metropolitan will tinction, will join them, &c. --The Con- immediately inform us of it; and in the federation of the Rhine, that deceitful fet- case where no reason for ecclesiastical ex,
clusion exists, if the appointment is not ficers, non-commissioned officers, and primade by the Pope, within six months from yates of the American army, and with a the notification of our nomination, accord-loss on their part of nearly the like number ing to the 4th Article of the Concordat, | in killed and wounded. For the details of the Metropolitan, assisted by the Bishops this affair, which reflects the highest credit of the Ecclesiastical province, shall be on Colonel Proctor, for the promptitude, obliged to give the said appointment. — gallantry, and decision which he has mani5. Our Imperial Courts shall take cogni- fested upon this occasion, I beg leave to re
I zance of all the affairs known under the fer your Lordship to his letter to Majorname of appeals, as abuses, as well as of General Sheaffe, herewith transmitted. those which may result from the non.ex. I have also the honour of transmitting to ecution of the laws of the Concordat. your Lordship returns of the killed and 6. Our Grand Judge shall present a pro- wounded on our part, and of the prisoners jęt for a law, to be discussed in our coun
taken from the enemy, the latter of which, cil, to determine the proceedings and pe- your Lordship will not fail to observe, more nålties applicable in these matters.--7. than exceeded the whole of the regular and Our Ministers of France and the Kingdom militia force which Colonel Proctor had to of Italy are charged with the execution of oppose to them. Major-General Harrison, the present decree, which shall be inserted with the main body of his army, consista in the Bulletin of the Laws.
ing of about two thousand men, was re(Signed) By the Emperor, NAPOLEON. ported to be four or five days march distant (Signed) By the Minister
from Brigadier-General Winchester's diviSecretary of State, Count Daru. sion, advancing in the direction of Detroit.
-I think it not improbable that, upon hearing of the disaster of this division and
the loss of the supplies, he may commence AMERICAN WAR.
his retreat; but should he persevere in his Downing-street, April 22, 1813.
endeavours to penetrate further into the Mi.. A Dispatch, of which the following is a chigan territory, I feel the fullest confidence copy, was this day received by the Earl in the skill and bravery of Col. Proctor Bathurst, one of His Majesty's Principal and the troops under his command, for an Secretaries of State, from Lieutenant-Gen. effectual resistance to every attempt of the Sir George Prevost, Bart. Governor Gene-enemy in that quarter. A small detachral and Commander in Chief of the Forces ment' from the royal artillery, at Fort in North America.
George, with the light infantry company of Quebec, Feb. 8, 1813. the 41st regiment, have marched to reinMy Lord, I have the honour to con- force Detroit; they are to be replaced on gratulate your Lordship upon the signal the Niagara frontier by troops now in mosuccess which has again' attended His Ma- tion from Montreal.- -I have the honour jesty's arms in Upper Canada.Briga- to be, &c. dier-Genera! Winchester, with a division
(Signed) GEORGE Prevost. of the forces of the United States, consist- To the Right Hon. Earl Bathurst, wc. &c. ing of upwards of one thousand men, being the right wing of Major-General Harrison's
Sandwich, Jan. 25, 1813. army, thrown in advance, marching to the Sir,-In my last dispatch I acquainted attack of Detroit, was completely defeated you that the enemy was in the Michigan on the 22d January last, by Colonel Proc- territory, marching upon Detroit, and that tor, commanding in the Michigan territory, I therefore deemed it necessary that he with a force which he had hastily collected should be attacked without delay, with all upon the approach of the enemy, consisting and every description of force within my
. of a small detachment of the 10th Royalreach. Early in the morning of the 19th, Veteran Battalion, three companies of the I was informed of his being in possession of 41st regiment, a party of the Royal New. Frenchtown, on the river Raisin, 26 miles foundland Fencibles, the sailors belonging from Detroit, after experiencing every reto the Queen Charlotte, and one hundred sistance that Major Reynolds, of the Essex and fifty of the Essex militia, not exceeding militļa, had it in his power to make, with five hundred regulars and militia, and about a three-pounder, well served and directed six hundred Indians ; the result of the ac- by Bombardier Kitson, of the royal artiltion has been the surrender of Brigadier. lery, and the militia, three of whom he General Winchester, with five hundred of had well trained to the use of it. The rem
treat of the gun was covered by a brave a return of the arms and ammunition which band of Indians, who made the enemy pay have been taken, as well as of the prisoners, dear for what he obtained. This party, whom you will perceive to be equal to my composed of militia and Indians, with the utmost force, exclusive of the Indians.-gung,
fell back eighteen miles to Brown's It is reported that a party, consisting of 100 Town, the settlement of the brave Wyan- men, bringing 500 hogs for General Windots, where I directed my force to assemble. chester's force, has been completely cut off On the 21st instant, Í advanced twelve by the Indians, and the convoy taken.-miles to Swan Creek, from whence we Lieut. M‘Lean, my acting Brigade-Major, marched to the enemy, and attacked him at whose gallantry and exertions were conspibreak of day on the 22d instant; and after cuous on the 22d instant, is the bearer of suffering, for our numbers, a considerable: this dispatch, and will be able to afford you loss, the enemy's force posted in houses and every information respecting our situation. 'enclosures, and which, from dread of fall. I have the honour to be, &c. ing into the hands of the Indians, they most (Signed) HENRY PROCTOR, Col.-Com. obstinately defended, at length surrendered To Major-Gen. Sheaffe, bc. Fort George. at discretion; the other part of their force, in attempting to retreat by the way they Admiralty-Office, April 20, 1813. came, were, I believe, all, or with very Letters, of which the following are Copies few exceptions, killed by the Indians.
and Extracts, have been transmitted to Brigadier General Winchester was taken in
this Office by Rear-Admiral Dixon, adthe pursuit by the Wyandot Chief Round- dressed to John Wilson - Croker, Esq. head, who afterwards surrendered him to by Lieut, Chads, late First Lieutenant me. -You will perceive that I have lost no of His Majesty's ship Java. time;
indeed it was necessary to be prompt United States frigate Constitution, off in my movements, as the enemy would have
St. Salvador, been joined by Majur-General Harrison in
December 31, 1812. a few days. The troops, the marines, and Sir, - It is with deep regret that I write the militia, displayed great bravery, and to you, for the information of the Lords behaved uncommonly well. Where so Commissioners of the Admiralty, that His much zeal and spirit were manifested, it Majesty's ship is no more, after sustaining would be unjust to attempt to particularize an action on the 29th instant, for several any; I cannot, however, refrain from men- hours, with the American frigate Constitioning Lieut.-Colonel St. George, who re- tution, which resulted in the capture and ceived four wounds in a gallant attempt to ultimate destruction of His Majesty's ship. occupy a building which was favourably Captain Lambert being dangerously woundsituated for annoying the enemy; together ed in the height of the action, the melanwith Ensign Kerr, of the Newfoundland re- choly task of writing the detail devolves on giment, who, I fear, is very dangerously me. On the morning of the 29th inwounded. The zeal and courage of the stant, at eight A. A. off St. Salvador (coast Indian department were never more con- of Brazil), the wind at N. E. we perceived spicuous than on this occasion, and the In- a strange sail; made all sail in chase, and dian warriors fought with their usual soon made her out to be a large frigate ; at bravery. I am much indebted to the dif- noon prepared for action, the chase not anferent departments, the troops having been swering our private" signals, and tacking well and timely supplied with every requi- towards us under easy sail; when about site the district could afford. -- I have four miles distant she made a sigual, and fortunately not been deprived of the ser- immediately tacked and made all sail away vices of Lieut. Troughton, of the Royal Ar- upon the wind. We soon found we had tillery, and acting in the Quarter-master the advantage of her in sailing, and came General's department, although he was up with her fast, when she hoisted Amewounded, to whose zealous and unwearied rican colours ; she then bore about three exertions I am so greatly indebted, as well points on our leę bow, At fifty minutes as to the whole of the Royal Artillery, for past one P. M. the enemy shortened sail, their conduct in this affair.--- I enclose a upon which we bore down upon her; at List of the killed and wounded, and cannot ten minutes past two, when about half a but lament that there are so many of both, mile distant, she opened her fire, giving us but of the latter I am happy to say a largę her larboard broadside, which was not reproportion will return to their duty, and turned till we were close on her weather most of them in a short time; I also enclose bow, Both ships now manquyred to ob
tain advantageous positions, our opponent and wounded, our bowsprit and three evidently avoiding close action, and firing masts gone, several guns useless, we should high to disable our masts, in which he not be justified in wasting the lives of more succeeded too well, having shot away the of those remaining, who I hope their Lordhead of our bowsprit with the jib-boom, ships and the Country will think have and our running rigging so much cut as to bravely defended His Majesty's ship; unprevent our preserving the weather-gage. der these circunstances, however relucta
-Ac five minutes past three, finding antly, at fifty minutes past five, our co. the enemy's raking fire extreinely heavy, lours were lowered from the stump of the Capt. Lambert ordered the ship to be laid mizen-mast, and we were taken possession on board, in which we should have suc- of, a little after six, by the American fri, ceeded, had not our fore-inast been shot gate Constitution, commanded by Commoaway at this moment, the remains of our dore Bainbridge, who, immediately after bowsprit passing over his taffrail ; shortly ascertaining the state of the ship, resolved after this the maintop mast went, leaving on burning her, which we had the satis, the ship totally unmanageable, with most faction of seeing done as soon as the woundof our starboard
guns rendered useless from ed were removed. Annexed I send you a the wreck lying over them. At half. return of the killed and wounded, and it is past three our gallant Captain received a with pain I perceive it so numerous; also dangerous wound in the breast, and was a statement of the comparative force of the carried below ; from this time we could two ships, when I hope their Lordships not fire more than two or three guns until a will not think the British flag tarnished, alquarter-past four, when our mizen-mast though success has not attended us. It was shot away; the ship then fell off a would be presumptuous in me to speak of Jittle, and brought many of our starboard Captain Lambert's merits, who, though guns to bear: the enemy's rigging was so still in danger from his wound, we still much cut, that he could not now avoid , entertain the greatest hopes of his being shooting a-head, which brought us fairly restored to the service and his country.br side and broadside. Our main-yard It is most gratifying to my feelings to now went in the slings, 'both ships conti- notice the gallantry of every officer, seanued engaged in this manner till thirty-five man, and marine on board ; in justice to minutes past four, we frequenily on fire, the officers, I beg leave to mention them in consequence of the wreck lying on the individually. I can never speak too highly side engaged.
Our opponent now made of the able exertions of Lieutenants Hevsail a-head out of gun-shot, where he re- ringham, and Buchanan, and also Mr. mained an hour repairing his damages, Robinson, Master, who was severely leaving us an unmanageable wreck, with wounded, aud Lieutenants Mercer and Daonly the mainmast left, and that tottering: vis, of the royal marines, the latter of Every exertion was made by us during this whom was also severely wounded. To interval to place the ship in a state to re- Captain John Marshall, R. N. who was a new the action. We succeeded in clearing passenger, I am particularly obliged for the wreck of our masts from our guns, a
his exertions and advice throughout the sail was set on the stumps of the fore-mast action. To Lieutenant Aplin, who was on and bowsprit, the weather-half of the main- the main deck, and Lieutenant Saunders, yard remaining aloft, the main-tack was who commanded on the forecastle, I also
' got forward in the hope of getting the ship return my thanks, I cannot but notice the before the wind, our helm being still per- good conduct of the mates and midshipmen, fect; the effort unfortunately proved inef- many of whom are killed, and the greater fectual, from the main-mast falling over part wounded. To Mr. T. C. Jones, Surthe side, from the heavy rolling of the ship, geon, and his assistants, every praise is which nearly covered the whole of our due for their unwearied assiduity in the starboard guns. We still waited the at- care of the wounded. Lieut.-General Histack of the enemy, he now standing towards lop, Major Walker, and Captain Wood, us for that purpose ; on his coming nearly of his staff
, the latter of wlion was severely within hail of us, and from his manouvre wounded, were solicitous to assist and reperceiving he intended a position a head, inain on the quarter-deck. I cannot conwhere he could rake us without a possibility clude this letter without expressing my of our returning a shot, I then consulted grateful acknowledgments, thus publicly, the officers, who agreed with myself that for the generous treatment Captain Lamour having a great part of our crew killed bert and his officers have experienced from
our gallant enemy, Commodore Bainbridge, , vourably estimated; and by a consideration and his officers.- I have the honour to on the momentous period at which the trust
has been renewed. From the weight HY. D. CHADS, First Lieutenant and magnitude now belonging to it, I of His Majesty's late ship Java. should be conipelled to shrink, if I had
less reliance on the support of an enlightenP.S. The Constitution has also suffered severely, both in her rigging and men,
ed and generous people, and feel less deephaving her fore and mizen-masis, maintop- ly a conviction, that the war with a pow
erful nation, which forms so prominent a mast, both maintopsail-yards, spankerboom, gaff, and trysail-mast badly shot
, feature in our situation, is stamped with and the greatest part of the standing rig- Heaven on the means of conducting it to a ging very much damaged, with ten men
successful termination. killed, the Commodore, Fifth Lieutenant,
-May we not and forty-six men wounded, four of whom cherish this sentiment, without presump
tion, when we reflect on the characters by are since dead.
which this war is distinguished ? - It Force of the Two Ships.
was not declared on the part of the United JAVA.
States until it had been long made on them 28 long eighteen-pounders.
in reality, though not in name-until ar16 carronades, thirty-two-pounders.
guments and expostulations had been ex2 long nine-pounders.
hausted-until a positive declaration had been received that the wrongs provoking it
would not be discontinued-nor until this Weight of metal, 1,034 lb.
appeal could no longer be delayed without Ship's company and supernumeraries, 377. breaking down the spirit of the nation, deCONSTITUTION.
stroying all confidence in itself and in its 32 long twenty-four-pounders.
political institutions; and either perpetu22 carronades, thirty-two-pounders, ating a state of disgraceful suffering, or re1 carronade, eighteen-pounder, gaining, by more costly sacrifices and more
severe struggles, our lost rank and respect
among independent powers. On the Weight of metal, 1,490 lb,
issue of the war are staked our national soCrew, 480,
vereignty on the high seas, and security of
an important class of citizens, whose occuAMERICAN STATES.
pations give the proper value to those of
every other class. Not to contend for such Washington, March 4. stake, is to surrender our equality with At twelve o'clock this day, James Madi- Other Powers on the eļement common to all, son, the President of the United States and to violate the sacred title which every elect, having attended at the Capital for member of the society has to its protection. the purpose of taking the Oath of Office, -I need not call into view the unlawfuldelivered to the vast concourse of people ness of the practice, by which our mariners assembled on the occasion, the following are forced, at the will of every cruising Speech :
officer, from their own vessels into foreign “ About to add the solemnity of an oath ones, nor paint the outrages inseparable to the obligations imposed by a second call from it. The proofs are in the records of to the station in which my country has here each successive administration of our gobefore placed ine, I find in the presence of vernment and the cruel sufferings of that this respectable assembly, an opportunity portion of the American people have found of publicly repeating my profound sense of their way to every bosom not dead to so distinguished a confidence, and of the the sympathies of human nature. responsibility united with it. The im- As the war was just in its origin, and nepressions on me are strengthened by such cessary and noble in its objects; we can rean evidence, that my faithful endeavours to flect with a proud satisfaction, that in care discharge my arduous duties have been fa
(To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.