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ple, did much in producing this fatal war. The thing we contend for is, the pracPaine has said, that it is the last feather tice of impressing persons on board neutral that breaks the horse's back; and, would ships on the high seas. This the Ameriit be any wonder, if this base print, by cans deny to be a right; they say, that it that insolence, those taunting menaces, in never was before praetised, or contended which it dealt a few months before the war for, or claimed, by any belligerent nation; was declared, was the last feather upon the they say, that, hy no writer on public law; occasion ?- -It spoke of the Americans by no principle ever laid down by any such and their navy in a strain of contempt not writer; by no recoguition of any power; to be endured. It told then, that their by no practice, by no assertion of ours, is boasted Navy should be towed into Halifax this act to be justified. In short, they say, in a month from the date of their declara- that it has neither law, precedent, nor reation of war.

It said, that it hated other son for its basis.- If they assert, in this. enemies of England; but that Mr. Madison respect, what is not true, why not prove and his nation were unworthy of any thing it? Why not cite us the book, the treaty, but contempt. ---It was impossible for the public document, the principle, the any nation to put up with this. Libels the precedent, upon which we ground this most atrocious were published against Mr. practice ?. No one attempts to do this ; Madison and all his brother officers in the and, until it be done, what impudence is government. The Naval Officers of Ame- it to say that we possess such a right? rica were spoken of as if they were dogs. Agreeably to all the principles of jurispru

In that country the people have some. dence, when a man claims a right to do thing to say as to public affairs ; and, is it that which is, on the face of the thing, a any wonder, that such publications should trespass upon another man, he must first produce an effect amongst them, who read prove his right. There may be in John a every thing, and who well understand what right to pass across the field of James; but, they read ?-The President, we find, having now, for the first time, begun to has instantly, and with great avidity, ac- exercise this "right, it is incumbent upon cepted the mediation of Russia. He is a him to prove it in the way of defence against very plain man.

Wears, or used to wear, an action of trespass ; and, if he cannot a grey coat, and his no-powdered hair proveit; if he can show neither written very sinooth. He had no big wig, nor deeds nor bring evidence of precedent or any gowns, or any other fine thing upon custom, he suffers as a trespasser. Apply him. But, he seems to know very well this to the case before us, and will any one what he is about.- -Indeed, all he has say, that, in order to justify a war for such to know, is, what the people wish, and a practice, we ought not to produce somethat he knows by their votes. He knows, thing in proof of our right?-_I am for that they hate war, as the great and fruit- giving up no naval right of England ; and, ful parent of taxation and arbitrary power; if any one will show me any trealy, any and that, to please them, he must avail declaration of any power, and recognition, himself of every thing that offers even a any maxim of any writer upon public law, chance of putting an end to the war upon or, any custom or precedent, of any power just and honourable terms.But, as you in the whole world, to justify our impresssee, our hiretings exclaim against the ac- ment of persons on board of neutral ships on ceptance of any mediation ; even the media- the high seas, I will say, that our last shot tion of Russia, who has committed her very ought to be fired, rather than cease our fleet to our hands. For once, let us hope, practice of impressment.that these men do not speak the language more? Can I go further? Will justice of the government. If we refuse the me- or reason allow me to go further than this ? diation of our own ally in the war; if we The Americans will say, that I go much refuse the mediation of that power, who, too far; but I am quite Englishman enough we say, is about to deliver Europe and us to go this length.- -Further, however, I from all the fears about Buonaparté, what will not go, call me what the hirelings will. will that power, what will the world say -Is it not a little too much in this of our cause ? -We are not, it seems, writer to talk about concessions as demand“ to commit our naval rights to the media- ed. by America ? She asks (I repeat it for 46 tion of any power.

But, this is not about the hundredth time) for no concesa proposed. The Americans do not dispute sions. She says we are trespassing upon any thing heretofore acknowledged by her, and we, without any attempt to prove them, or contended for by us, 'as a right. that we are not trespassing, accuse her of

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demanding concessions, because she asks at all with France ; but, is it likely, that, us to cease what she deems a trespass.- if the war continue, and the desire of reI really, upon no point ever observed these venge increase, some connexion will not be prints more base and impudent than they formed with France ? With whom is are upon this. It is so plain a case. Ame- America to ally herself but with our enerica complains of a most injurious trespass ; my who has ships in abundance, which we call it the exercise of a right; she re- she has not, and who only wants just those plies, prove your right; and we rejoin by very sailors of which she has too many ? accusing her of demanding concessions. This would give her a navy at once with

-However, she is now, it seems, to out a loan; or, which would be better for be punished. That word will go back. her, the use of a navy during war, withwards down the throat of those who have out the encumbrance of it during peace. made use of it.- 66. Punishment is to -Would these spiteful and silly writers precede any peace with her. Poor, fool- like to see Decatur and Hull and Bainish wretch, who has written, or dictated, bridge on board of French ships of the line? this paragraph: She is to be punished Would they like to see a fleet of nine or ten and she is to retract, before we negociate a sail, manned with the same sort of stuff peace with her :

-I beg the reader to that fired on the Java from the Constitubear this threat in his mind. Whether he tion ?- -My opinion is, that, if the war does or not, it will not be soon forgotten continue another year, they will see this ; in America, where, we may be well as- and yet, they have the audacity, or the sured, that the bombarding, or burning, stupidity, to say, in print, that they hope of a few towns, will have no other effect the mediation of Russia will be rejected by than that of rendering the contest more our ministers! -It has always been my bitter, and of completing the commercial fear, and I long before the war expressed separation of the two countries. Perhaps it, that it would produce a connexion of amongst the things the most wished for by this kind with France; and, if such coulthe bitterest enemies of England in Ame- nexion has not already taken place, it has, rica, is the burning of a sea-port-or two. perhaps, been owing solely to the fear of The loss would be trifling in comparison giving a handle to the English party in the with the advantage to those who wish to States. If, however, we carry on a war cut the two countries asunder for ever. of bombardment, that party will, in a

(66 Fear!Alarm!" What alarm short time, have no weight at all; and, are they in? Those who know them, the thirst for revenge will produce that, know how small a sacrifice the knocking which, under the influence of less hostile down a town would be. The country is a passions, might still have remained an obcountry of plenty. There is more food ject of jealousy, To see a fleet, under the than the people want. It is not, as in allied banners of France and America, Russia, where famine follows war. To be would be to me a most fearful object. I sure, the inhabitants of the towns which am convinced it would present greater danare in danger must experience alarm; but gers to us than we have ever yet

had to what has this to do with the whole coun- contemplate ; and, therefore, I read with try; and what gain will it be to us? We indignation and abhorrence all these endeashall have expended some scores of thou- vours of English writers to exasperate the sands of pounds in the undertaking, and people of America. I have never be

shall have enemies for ever of many who lieved, 1 that the crews of the ships, by were not our enemies before. ---In the which our frigates have been beaten were mean while, whatever this writer may say British sailors; I have always believed about the loan in America, ships of war them to have been native Americans, and will be built; a navy will grow up; sea

I still believe it. But, if, as ou hired men will be formed in great numbers s writers have asserted, they were our own and, let peace take place whenever it may, countrymen, what is to binder the ships of we shall have created a formidable rival on France to be manned in the same way? the ocean. -Nor are we to suppose, if The British sailors, who are now, if there the war continue, that a closer connexion be any, fighting against their own country will not take place between America and in American ships, will, of course, France. Hitherto the war, on our part, ready to follow their commanders into has- not had that effect. The American French ships; and, if that were to be the government, as if to give the lie to our in- case, this war for the practice of impress- , solent writers, has formed no connexion ment would have answered a most serious

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end indeed. By a stroke of address not war, or of any grievance, unless they call without a precedent in the history of our for a reform of the parliament. To the cabinet, we have got into a war with want of this, and not to any other cause, America upon the worst possible ground we owe all that we have to complain of and

We talk about the maintenance of to lament. Every evil may be traced to our maritime rights; and this does very this source, and while it continues to low, well with the people at large.“ What!" every evil will exist.-—-To hear the say they,

America want to rob us of our Whigs talk about a change of ministry is maritime rights .!". But, what is this disgusting. We have seen that tried, over right? Suppose it, for argument's sake, and over again. We have had, within to be a right, what is it? It is the right the last 13 years, all the great talkers in of impressing people in American ships on place; and what good have they done us? the High Seas. But, still to narrow it ; They do not appear so much as to have it is the maritime right of impressing; and thought of any thing for our relief. ---

-I impressing whom? Why, British Sea- must confess, that, when I hear of people men?

One would think, that this should complaining and whining under the burdens have been the last ground on which to that are laid upon them, and yet say not a make, or meet, a war. It is utierly im- word about a removal of the cause, they possible to divest oneself of the idea which are objects of my contempt rather than this conveys ; and equally impossible not of any pity. They smart under the Proto perceive the effect which must be property Tax, they writhe at the paying of a duced by it in the sailor's mind.- -For, fine to the Local Militia ; but, tell them, either our navy does contain considerable that the remedy is a reform of the parlianumbers of seamen who wish to seek and ment, and they but too often turn from find shelter under the American flag, or it you.- -Let them smart then; let them does not. If it does not, why go to war writhe. If they will not ask for the only for this right of impressing them? If it effectual and constitutional remedy, let does, how must these same seamen feel as them suffer in silence. The old cheat of to the cause in which they are engaged ? a change of ministry is, however, now be

I fancy this is a dilemma that would come too stale to deceive any body. There hamper almost any of the partisans of the is no man will now say, that he wishes for American war. I have always been dis- such a thing, unless he be to have a place posed to believe, notwithstanding the as- or profit of some sort in consequence of it. sertions to the contrary, that our seamen The Whigs do now-and-then make a little have not gone over to the Americans in effort to keep up the delusion, but the any considerable number; but, if, unhap- figure they cut only excites pity.- -They pily, I am deceived, I ain quite sure that are now by far the worst set of the two. this war will have a strong tendency to ag- They first betrayed the people, and they gravate the evil.

became their most bitter enemies.

They dread a reform of parliament much PARLIAMENTARY REFORM. " Mr. more, I believe, than their opponents ; so 6 CANNING," says the parliamentary re- that, now there is nothing called party port of the 17th instant, « presented a which pretends to wish for a reform. The ** Petition signed by 6,000 of the inhabi- people are left to themselves, and their * tants of Liverpool, with the contents of way to proceed is to present petitions. 66 which he said he did not agree, lament- That is all they can do. - It is, at this

ing the grievances of the country, the time of day, quite useless to attempt to

protraction of the war, the decay and enter into the reasons for reform. They "ruin of our manufactures, and ascribing are all well known. They are felt by of these evils to the defective state of Par- every man in the kingdom. The question * liamentary Representation, and propos-is not, whether the measure ought to be * ing, as the inost effectual remedy, the adopted; but, solely what the people ought " shortening the duration of Parlia- to do to bring about its adoption. Whe

ments, the extension of the elective ther they ought to leave events to work the « franchise, and the exclusion of placemen cure; or to endeavour, by their own con*6 and pensioners from seats in that House, stitutional exertions, to hasten it. I am " The Petition was read, and ordered to for the latter, and, therefore, am glad to " “ lie upon the table.”—These petitions see so respectable a petition from Liverpool, are, it seems, now coming in. It is in

WM, COBBETT. vain for the people to complain of taxes, of Bolley, 19th May, 1813.

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the enemy.

I am at present engaged io causing entrench-, OFFICIAL PAPERS.

ments to be thrown up at Cluss, Konegs

born, and other points, in order to enable NORTHERN WAR.

Lieutenant-General Von Bulow, with the

greater security to blockade Magdeburgh (Continued from page 736.)

on this side. The first van-guard came up with the ené

(Signed) F.D. AUVRAY, ; my near Danegkow, and after a brisk can- Imperial Russian Maj. Gen. and Chief nonade forced them to quit that place, with of the General Staft, in the name of a' considerable loss; whereupon I caused Count Wittgeustein. the corps of Lieutenant-General Von York, and that of Lieutenant-General Von Berg to follow the van-guard, which were already

Konigsberg, March 12. engaged, and make a vigorous attack on Our paper contains the following -Generals Von Borstell and

DECLARATION. Bulow did the same on their side, the first We, the undersigned Officers from the advancing to Echdenuck, the latter to Ve Royal Bavarian, Saxon, Westphalian, and helitz, which places were in the enemy's Grand Ducal Frankfort services, who have possession, but who was dislodged from joined the German Legion, hold ourselves thence by the valour of our troops. obliged, aş men of honour, and with due The resistance of the enemy, who had the respect, love, and confidence, publicly to advantage of the ground, was every where lay before our Princes and native country, very obstinate ; but, nevertheless, he was the motives which have induced us to take forced at all points to yield to the bravery this step. We are Germans. This of our troops, and it was only by the dark single word includes every thing. For a ness coming on that an end was put to the series of years past, we could only sigh for engagement, and we were prevented from our country, without being able to save her. following up this glorious victory. I can- At length the moment is arrived, when not sufficiently express to your Excellency Germany can raise her depressed neck, my approbation of the Imperial Russian and when our hopes are more raised than ever Royal Prussian troops. The Lithuanian of throwing off the slavish yoke of France. regiment of dragoons, and two squadrons Victorious Russian armies pursue the enemy of the Budy regiment of Russians, cat an from river to river; the Prussian eagle enemy's regiment of cavalry totally to strikes her mighty wings; numberless vopieces, or made prisoners or dispersed it. lunteers hasten to the Prussian standard ; The same fate attended -a second reginient every where, even in those parts where the of the enemy's cavalry, by the Grodno enemy still keeps his footing, a general Hussars. The Tirailleurs of the brave Po spirit is rising, which promises to re-conmeranian battalion of grenadiers took a field- quer Gerinany's lost honour and liberty. piece with horses from the enemy, and in Fathers themselves bring their sons—WOThe whole six powder waggons were taken, men their jewels; and even the poorest and we made 27 officers and 900 privates contribute their mite: and we, men of prisoners. The General of Division Gre- Germany, shall we remain unconcerned nier, and General Gruindler were wound- spectators ? or even, perhaps, in a foreign ed. The enemy's loss certainly amounts to service, assist in laying our native country 2,000 in killed and wounded. -On our again in chains ?- Never, never !--Who. side one officer was killed, and seven soever shall now fight against his brethren wounded; we had 560 privates killed or is in our eyes a traitor to his native coun. wounded. The enemy did not take a single try! Whosoever will uot fight for her, man of ours, to keep with him; one Cos- neglects his most sacred duty; for we were sack was made prisoner, but he made his German citizens before we were soldiers : escape, and even brought a horse along we never could enter into a compact for with him. On the 6th, towards uoon, shedding the blood of our brethren on our again sent a detachment of infantry, caval- maternal soil, to quench the thirst of ry, and artillery, in search of the enemy, strangers with it; neither, truly, have our who had drawn off from all points in the noble Princes intended it! they have been course of the night, but this proved in vain, obliged to submit to superior power; they as on his retreat to Magdeburgh he had have been forced to tear their own entrails. quitted the defiles to Wahlitz and Alten We are, therefore, convinced that our reCluss, and had cuffoliaktsthe bridges,

vered Princes will themselves approve the,

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step we have taken, although their tongues ties hereafter to be collected on Goods may as yet be chained; we are assured, hereafter to be imported by sea. that we are acting beforehand with their “ We Frederick William, by the Grace of secret wishes as we arm ourselves for their

God, King of Prussia, &c. &c. independence; and should there be one

“ Having found cause to withdraw our: amongst them who thinks otherwise, will self from the alliance with France, we likeposterity denominate him a German Prince? wise deem it necessary herewith to declare,

We do not live in times that can be that all restraints under which commerce, measured by a common scale-we live in

even in our States, has hitherto suffered in times of bitter, general distress, which

consequence of the so denominated Contiknows no other law than that of firmly nental System ; and the ships and goods of joiving for speedy assistance. That, and all friendly and neutral nations shall be that only, is now the law. Let every true freely permitted to enter in our harbours German search his bosom, and ask hiinself and territories without any exception or if, it be otherwise ?----No personal neces- difference. All French goods, either prosity has brought us under the standards of duce or manufactures, are on the contrary the German Legion; we are led to it only herewith totally prohibited, not only for by the sense of honour, and the love of our use, but likewise to pass through our terricountry. We will not fight with French-tories, or those occupied by our armies. men against Gerinans; but with Germaps -The so denominated Continental Imfor Germans. Should there be German

post is taken off, and exclusive of the conPrinces, soldiers, or citizens, capable of sumption excisé, to be especially paid on denying such motives, we would still foreign goods entered inwards by sea, for calmly fulfil our most sacred duty, appeal home consumption, there shall be levied to posterity, and from her expect the crown the heretofore established moderate impost of renown, due to the faithful sons of their and transit duty, as it was previous to the. country. Posterity will not ask in what establishment of the Continental impost in service we were engaged, but for what the year 1810, which duty shall be collectcause we fought, whether for Germany and ed on the gross weight, but only, continue humanity, or for France and tyranny ? so long as the increased expenses arising (Signed) v. Oelhafen, Wallstab, v. Box- from the war carrying on for the liberation

berg, Hilenbrand, v. Glauhofen, v. of Gerinany, shall render it necessary, Berge, Lehmann, v. Thomas, v. Hann, We give to our Privy Counsellor of State, v, Hohenheichen, B. v. Waldmanns- and Chief of the Inward Customs Departdorff, Neidhard, Schleiter, Trott, v.

ment, M. Von Heydebreck, full and unBeyer, Schneiders.

controled power to make what further alKonigsberg, March 12, 1813.

terations he may see fit, in the whole of the

forementioned impost, and to put them in Rastock, March 23.

a proper proportion; as likewise to reduce, His Serene Highness the Duke of Meck

or entirely take off, at his own judgment, lenburgh has transmitted the following or the consumption excise on such articles, dinance to the Commandants of Rostock where the collecting the full consumption and Wismar: " As we herewith recall all the hitherto would fall too heavy on the home consump

excise, together with the impost duty, existing Ordinances against maritime com- tion,- Ail our public officers whom this merce, we direct the Commandant, Major matter concerns have to pay due attention Burlow, iminediately on receipt of these hereto. Given at Breslaw the 20th patențs, pot only to take off such and all March, 1813. other embargoes, but likewise to disconti

(Signed)

FREDERICK WILLIAM. nue the Military Bureau established for that

HARDENBERG.” purpose, and also to inform the merchants there of this measure, that they may

know

Northern WAR.--The following papers the commerce by sea is open, and free to all nations, such only excepted as are 'en

have been published ut Paris, under their gaged in war with Russia,

respective dates. (Signed) FREDERICK FRANCIS. Mar 7.--Her Majesty the Empress and " Ludwigslus, March 23, 1813." Queen has received the following intelligence.

respecting the situation of the Army on the EDICT concerning the abolition of the so ist of May.

called Coutinental System, and the Du- The Emperor had removed his head

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