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selves on the Russians, penetrated and drove
U. S. Ship Hornet, Holmes' them towards Harta. In this engagement
Hole, March 29, 1813. we had 5 or 600 wounded, and took 1,000 Sir, I have the honour to inform you prisoners. The enemy lost 2,000 men on of the arrival at this port of the U. S. ship this day.
General Bertrand being arriv- Hornet, under my command, from a cruise ed at Rochlitz, took there several convoys of 145 days, and to state to you, that after of sick and wounded, some baggage, and Commodore Bainbridge left the coast of made some prisoners. Upwards of 1,200 Brazils (Jan. 6), I continued off the har. carriages, with wounded, had passed by bour of St. Salvador, blockading the Bonne this route.
The King of Prussia and the Citoyenne, until the 24th, when the MonEmperor Alexander had slept at Rochlitz. tague, 74, hove in sight, and chased me
An Adjutant, sub-officer of the 17th into the harbour; but night coming on, I division, and who had been made prisoner wore and stood out to the southward. in the battle of the 2d, made his escape, Knowing that she had left Rio Janeiro for and
gave information that the enemy had the express purpose of relieving the Bonne sustained great losses, and was retiring in Citoyenne, and the packet (which I had the utmost disorder; that during the battle also blockaded for 14 days, and obliged her the Russians and Prussians kept their co
to send her mail to Rio, in a Portuguese lours in reserve, which was the cause why smack), I judged it most prudent to shift we could not take any of them ; that they my cruising ground, and hauled by the have taken 102 prisoners from us, among wind to the westward, with the view of whom are 4 officers ; that these prisoners cruising off Pernambuco, and on the 4th of were conducted to the rear, under the guard February captured the English brig Resoluof the detachment which had charge of the tion, of 10 guns, from Rio Janeiro, bound colours; that the Prussians treated their to Maranham, with coffee, &c., and about prisoners very ill; that two prisoners not 23,000 dollars in specie. I took out the being able to walk, through extreme fa- money, and set her on fire. I then ran tigue, they ran them through the body with down the coast for Maranham, and cruised their swords ; that the astonishment of the there a short time, from thence run off SuRussians and Prussians at having found rinam. After cruising off that coast from such a numerous army, and so well disci- the 15th until the 22d of February, withplined and supplied with every thing, was out meeting a vessel, I stood for Demarara, extreme ; that there existed a misunder. with an intention, should I not be fortunate standing between them, and that they mu- on that station, to run through the West tually accused each other as being the cause Indies on my way to the United States ; of their losses.
-General Count Lauriston but on the 24th, in the morning I discohas put himself in march from Wurtzen on vered a brig to the leeward, to which I the high road to Dresden.- -The Prince gave chase-run into quarter less four, and of Moskwa has marched towards the Elbe, not having a pilot, was obliged to haul off; to raise the blockade of General Theilman, the fort at the entrance of Demerara river who commands at Torgau, take his position at this time bearing S. W. distant 21 at that point, and raise the blockade of leagues. Previous to giving up the chase, Wittenberg. It appears that this latter I discovered a vessel at anchor, without the place has made a fine defence, and repulsed bar, with English colours flying, apparentseveral attacks which have cost the enemy ly a brig of war. In beating round Carovery dear. -The Prussians state that the lina Bank, in order to get to her, at halfEmperor Alexander, finding the battle past three P. M., I discovered another sail lost, rode through the Russian lines to ani- on my weather quarter, edging down for mate the soldiers, by exclaiming, “Cou- us--at 4. 20. she hoisted English colours, rage! God is with us. They add, that at which time we discovered her to be a the Prussian General Blucher is wounded, large man of war brig; beat to quarters, and that there were five other Prussian Ge- and cleared ship for action, and kept close nerals of Division or Brigade either killed by the wind, in order, if possible, to get or wounded.
the weather-gauge. At 5. 10. finding I could weather the enemy, I hoisted Ame
rican colours and tacked. At 5. 25. in AMERICAN WAR.
passing each other, exchanged broadsides Copy of a Letter from Captain Lawrence, of within half pistol shot. Observing the
the United States Sloop of War Hornet, enemy in the act of wearing, I bore up, to the Secretary of the Navy.
and received his starboard broadside, run
him close on board on the starboard- 1 little or no damage. At the time I quarter, and kept up such a heavy and brought the Peacock to action, the Espiegle well-directed fire, that in less than 15 (the brig mentioned as being at anchor), minutes she surrendered (being totally cat mounting 16 two-and-thirty pound carroto pieces), and hoisted an ensign, union nades, and 2 long nines, lay about six miles down, from his fore-rigging, as a signal of in-shore of me, and could plainly see the distress. Shortly after, her mainmast went whole of the action. Apprehensive she by the board. Dispatched Lieut. Shobrick would beat out to the assistance of her conon board, who soon returned with her sort, such exertions were used by my offi. First Lieutenant, who reported her to be cers and crew, and repairing damages, &c.; His Britannic Majesty's late brig Peacock, that by nine o'clock our boats were stowed, commanded by Captain William Peake, a new set of sails bent, and the ship comwho fell in the latter part of the action; pletely ready for action. At two, A. M. that a number of her crew were killed and got under weigh, and stood by the wind to wounded; and that she was sinking fast, the northward and westward under easy she having then six feet water in her hold. sail. On mustering next morning, found Dispatched the boats immediately for the we had two hundred and seventy-seven wounded, and brought both vessels to souls on board (including the crew of the anchor. Such shot-holes as could be got at American brig Hunter, of Portland, taken were then plugged; guns thrown over- a few days before by the Peacock).board, and every possible exertion used to The Peacock was deservedly styled one of keep her afloat, until the prisoners could be the finest vessels of her class in the British removed, by pumping and bailing, but Navy. I should judge her to be about the without effect, as she unfortunately sunk in tonnage of the Hornet. Her beam was five fathoms and a half water, carrying greater by five inches, but her extreme down 13 of her crew, and three of my length not so great by four feet. She brave fellows. Lieutenant Connor and mounted 16 four-and-twenty-pound carroMidshipman Cooper, and the remainder of nades, 2 long nines, I twelve-pound carromy men employed in removing the prison- nade on her top-gallant forecastle, as a ers, with difficulty saved themselves by shifting gun, and one four or six-pounder, jumping into a boat that was lying on the and two swivels mounted aft. I find by booms as she went down. Four men of her quarter. bill that her crew consisted of the 13 mentioned were so fortunate as to 134 men, four of whom were absent in a gain the foretop, and were afterwards taken prize. - The cool and deterinined conoff by our boats. Previous to her going duct of my officers and crew during the down, four of her men took to her stern action, and their alınost unexampled exerboat that had been much damaged during tions afterwards, entitle them to my warmthe action, whọ, I sincerely hope, reached est acknowledgments ; and I beg leave most the shore. I have not been able to ascer- earnestly to recommend them to the notice tain from her officers the exact number of of Government. killed. Captain Peake and four men were
James LAWRENCE. found dead on board. The master, one Hon. Wm. Jones, Secretary of the Navy. midshipman, carpenter, and captain's P.S. At the commencement of the action clerk, and 29 men wounded, most of them
my sailing-master and seven men were abvery severely, three of which died of their sent in a prize, and Lieut. Stewart and six wounds, after being removed, and nine
men on the sick-list. drowned. Our loss was trifling in comparison. John Place, killed ; Samuel Coul
“ Head-quarters, Lewiston, March 23. son and Joseph Dalrymple, slightly wound
Sir, -As the Governor of the State of ed; George Coffin and Lewis Todd, se- Delaware, and Coinmander of its military verely burnt by the explosion of a cart-force, I improve the earliest time afforded ridge. Todd survived only a few days. me since my arrival at this place, of acOur rigging and sails were much cut. One knowledging the receipt of your letter of shot through the fore-mast, and the bow the 16th instant, directed to the Chief spit slightly injured. Our hull received
(To be "conlinued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creory, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.
Vol. XXII. No. 22.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 29, 1813.
[770 been defeated; and they will continue to SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
believe so, though Hamburgh should fall, NORTHERN WAR.—Below will be found and though Napoleon should reach Dantzic the official dispatch of Lord Cathcart, re- and even Petersburgh. -How are they lating to the Battle of Lutzen. To read to believe otherwise? The Allies claim, this dispatch there is no one who would not always claim, the victory. Their accounts, believe that the Allies were completely vic- in nineteen twentieths of our news-papers, torious. Here are all the signs of complete are said to be true; and, though the French victory. We are told, that the French bulletins are published, they are always were driven back; we'are told that the Al- accompanied with an editorial comment, lies made prisoners and took cannon; and asserting them to be false.- The mass of we are distinctly told, that the Allies pre- the people in the country have no channel pared for attacking the French again in the of information other than these newsmorning, but that " the enemy did not papers ; and, of course, they must be deet wait for it, and, that it was judged expe- ceived. The profligate men, who conduct s6 dient not to pursue."-English reader; these papers, know well how false their good, thinking, English reader, what do contents are, and they, amongst themselves, you understand froin this ! What can you laugh heartily at the frauds they are pracunderstand from it? What is its clear tising; but the people do not know this; meaning? Why, it is this: That the they have no idea of the existence of any French were defeated, and that, being thing so impudent and base; they believe, about to be attacked again in the morning, and that is all their deceivers care about. they ran away,
-Is not this the only -It must be confessed, however, that meaning that this dispatch can convey? there is a wonderful pre-disposition in the And yet, thanks to the French Empress's people themselves to be deceived. They bulletins, we know, that the French, so far have, by means of a base press, been made from running away, advanced the day after to believe, that their own personal safety the battle, and that, when the last of those depends upon the destruction of Napoleon bulletins came away, the Emperor was in and his government; and, that being the possession of Dresden, which is on the case, their ears are open only to what enbanks of the river Elbe, and which is, at courages their hope of seeing that destrucleast, fifty English miles in advance of the tion take place. Like all the rest of manplace where the battle was fought.- -We kind, they are ever ready to believe that know, from the same source, that the Em- which they wish for.
This is the great peror Alexander had passed through Dres- source of the power
of our Government to den a little time before the French arrived. carry on the war. People grumble at the
-We know, that these are facts; or, taxes; they smart under the effects of the that the Emperor Napoleon has promul- war; but, they endure, because they are gated barefaced lies to the people of France, persuaded, that the war, with all its evils, which, if he has done it now, is what, as is preferable to what a peace, leaving Nafar as I can remember, he never before did, poleon in power, would produce. --The in any of his bulletins. However, there agricultural part of the kingdom, too, imais not, I believe, one single person, at all gine that the war, by wasting the products conversant in such matters, who believes, of the earth and preventing importation of that Napoleon is not arrived at Dresden; corn, is conducive to the high price of their and, if that be the case, it is undoubtedly property. This is a wrong notion, the loss true, that he did defeat the Allies, because being to them greater than the gain; but, what can be a proof of defeat, if retreating as it is not reasonable to expect, in the mass before the enemy be not such proof. of these persons, any views beyond those Nevertheless, the people in the country in of immediate interest, so it would be unEngland will believe that the French have reasonable to expect them to be hostile to
the continuance of the war. A farmer, bow or other, he identifies with the tri. who, while such vast improvemonts have umph of Jacobin principles. It is in vain taken place in ali other arts and sciences, to tell him, that Napoleon is an Emperar, still continues to cultivate his land in pre- and no friend of Jacobins. It is in vain to cisely the same way that it was cultivated remind him, that he himself thinks, .or, at when people believed that the earth stood least, says, that the Emperor of France is still, and that the sun and moon set in the a military despot. Still he connects the sea; a farmer, who does this, cannot be idea of triumphant democracy with the expected to diye into questions of political success of Napoleon in war or in peace; economy, and to perceive, that he may and he does this even at the very moment, thrive by selling his wheat at ten pounds a and in almost the very same breath, that load, and be ruined by selling it at forty he asserts the people of Germany to be in pouyds a load.----The very confined views arins against 'Napoleon as their oppressor. of the mass of this description of persons, -It would be a waste of time to attempt and which views are utterly incomprehensi- to account for the way of thinking of such ble to persons unaccustomed to see their a person. We know the fact; and the effect and to trace them to their source ; , effect is an unqualified support of the war, These views are a main support of the Go- -The Aristocracy and the Church supvernment in the prosecution of the war. port the war upon more rational grounds, Where will you find a farmer, who wishes it being notorious, that the Napoleon systo put a stop to the export of oats, or grain tem strikes at the root of both. of any sort to Portugal, or Spain, or Sicily, who is new to power himself, all whose or to any other place ? And, what are we nobles are new, whose system is that of to expect from Counties, while these false making all honours grow out of personal notions of interest prevail? And prevail merit and well-known services, cannot be they must, from the same cause, that it is regarded as other than the enemy
of alınost as hard for a camel to pass through reditary nobility. His system strikes the eye of a needle as to induce a common the root of all pretensions founded on fafarmer to attempt any, even the slightest, mily antiquity; and the surprising talents alteration in the mode of managing his which that systein, which was borrowed land, though he has what to any other set from the Jacobins, has brought into action, of men would amount to demonstration of gall the very souls of those, whose rank is the benefit of such alteration.- -When to owing to their birth. -The Church naThis cause of support of the war we add the turally are hostile to a system, which has interests, the real interests, of all the per- taken away its wealth, and made the land sons in the Army, the Navy, the Barrack free of an encumbrance, which the mass of Department, the Dock Yards, the Tax Of its occupiers, though through wrong notions, fices; and all their families and friends ; in some respects, endure with impatience. when we look at the buildings at Black- The Church must naturally fear the effecis water, at Wycombe, at Woolwich, &c. &c. of a free communication with a country and consider the thousands of young per- wherein tithes have been abolished; for, sons here breeding up for the purposes of such communication could not fail to give war, and consider the hopes of their pa- rise to the publication of statements nuost rents and relations, who have in this way injurious in their tendency to the establishplaced them; when we add this most Therefore, the Church, as powerful cause to the former, are we always see, is for or a vigorous prosecution 10 wonder, that the war has so many " of the war." Another reason why Nasupporters
's ? The fund-holder, too, poleon is hated by all those, who enjoy the though the war 'daily diminishes the emoluments attached to the education of value of his property, has lurking in his youth in the public schools and colleges, mind the notion, that a peace which should is, that he has, by his regulations, stripped ratify the power of Napoleon would destroy their trade of its principal support." He that property altogether. Thus he, too, has made a knowledge of the Greek and the most timid of all, is for a prosecution Latin languages unnecessary to the admisof the war. He hopes, and his hopes are sion to degrees in his learned institutions. fed by the news-papers, that war may, at He has, in fact, destroyed the last remains last, put down Napoleon, and the funds of monkery, by showing the world, that will then rise in value. While he groans men may be truly learned without its aid. under the effects of war, his mind is haunt. For this reason is he held in abhorrence by ed with the fears of peace, which, some the Clergy, who think, and very correctly,
that a free communication with France deceived ? I do not blame the ministers could not long exist without giving a fatal much for not attempting to make peace blow to their pretensions to superiority in during the last winter ; because, as I have point of learning, as well as to the whole said before, my opinion is, that there can of those notions from which they derive be no real peace in England, unless the their vast power.
These are the causes power of Napoleon be first greatly dimiof the support invariably given to the war, nished, or, unless we have a total change and of the readiness with which every re- of system. But, is it not reasonable to port of success against Napoleon is credited. suppose, that, if he now succeed, no terms Weie it not for these causes, which all of peace so good as he last offered, will unite to make people hope for the destruc- ever be obtained by us? In my opinion, tion of Napoleon, and to make them be the worst thing that could be done by lieve, like all other people, what they hope, us was done at the time of Napoleon's it would have been quite impossible for ihe retreat out of Russia. At that time the lanpress to gain belief in the statements guage of our press (which, I dare say, was about insurrections in France, about the faithfully given to the people of France) soldiers marching to the army in chains, was, that the only way to peace was over and now in the statements about Napoleon's the dead body of the Emperor. This was defeat at Lutzen. Reader (for let me very bad; but, it was infinitely worse, or, hope that I shall find one, at least, to listen at least, more unwise, to say, as the Times to reason); then, I ask you, reader, if newspaper did, thal the whole French nayou, upon reflection, do really believe, lion ought to be punished. They were rethat the Allies are likely to be triumphant presented as a wicked, a base, a bloodyin this war? You, as well as I, were minded race; they were, we were told, the assured, that the Allies had wholly de- willing instruments of his cruelty and rastroyed the army of Napoleon; that it was pacity, though, only a few days before, he impossible for him to raise another; that was represented as having drugged them to the people of France were ready to rise his army in chains. As long as it suited against him; that they placarded the walls the purpose of these vile scribes to reprewith accusations of tyranny and cowardice sent the people of France as oppressed by against him; that he dared not quit France him, and as being an object of our pity, again. -We have found all this to be they so represented them; but, when these false. Every jot of it has been proved to corrupt conductors of newspapers thought be false. We are now quite sure of its it expedient to change their tone, then the falsehood. And, will you still place re- people of France, not only the army, but liance on what is told us through the same the whole nation, became his willing in. channel ?- -We were assured, in terms struments ! - - The effect of this is too equally positive, that the people of Ger- obvious to need pointing out. The people many, having felt his grinding tyranny, of France, upon hearing this language, had risen every where against his authority; upon reading these denunciations against that they were embodying themselves into them, must have said: “So, then, while corps and legions and armies for the pur- you thought our chief so strong that nopose of wagirig war against him ; that their "thing but our defection from himn could fury against him was absolutely ungovern. " afford you a chance of resistance, you enable; that Frenchmen were every where “ deavoured to produce that defection by murdered by them; that his troops would " calling us an oppressed people, and by be driven back, not only to the Rhine, but saying that we were dragged to his armies within the boundaries of the old territories 66 in chains; but, the moment you thought, of France. --Has not all this been now so that he was down, and that his power proved to be false? Has he not already
Has he not already " was destroyed for ever, you changed your traversed great part of Germany? Have " tone with regard to us, declared us to the people, in any one instance, risen "s have been his willing instruments,
and against himn ? Have not the allied arınies" inculcated the justice of making us sharers retreated before him ?
-And will you,
so in the punishment with which you menaccan you, sensible reader, confide in any fed him."- -If this was not the precise thing ; can you put your faith in any as- language, it must of necessity have been surance, that shall reach you through the the feeling, of the French nation, who thus same channel ? Will you join in calling saw their fate inseparable from that of their an enemy of his country the man who shall chief, and who, as it was natural to expect, endeayour to prevent you from being again made immense sacrifices to give hiin the