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means of warding off that punishment with Equalily inscribed on his banners. To which both were menaced.- law not cere compel the sovereigns of Germany and tain, indeed, that the people of France ever Russia to aid him in a war against England heard of these denunciations of our press; was his avowed object. And, if he met but, they might hear of them, and our chil- with no resistance from the people then, dren may have to rue the consequences. why was he to meet with it now? -As It was manifest to me, and to some others, to the people feeling the grasp of his tyran. from the time that Napoleon was compelled ny, we are to consider what sort of people to retreat out of Russia, that his future fate it was, who must have felt that grasp. depended, not upon the disposition of the Those who had been most opposed to him, Poles or the Germans, but upon that of the if any had been conspicuous in that way, people of France only. If they were still would naturally feel it the most. He would on his side; if the love of glory, or any assuredly not squeeze his friends, or those other passion, would still give him a French who became his friends. Besides, his exarmy, there appeared no good reason, why actions of money would fall upon the rich, he should not again cross the Vistula.-- and it is not the rich who fight battles. It Those who expressed an opposite opinion is very certain, that, if you injure the rich, reasoned thus: They said, that the people the poor, for a while, at least, must be in: of Germany and Poland would now be jured too. But, they do not see the real against him; and, it was not unpleasing, cause of their new sufferings, and are, as at the end of a series of years, during which all experience proves, always ready to they had treated the people as nothing, to ascribe these new sufferings to their old hear them rest their hopes upon the dispo- masters. If, indeed, the old governments sition and voluntary exertions of the peo- of Germany were so very mild and just, ple, and thus to make the people every and the people so free and happy under thing. But, at any rate, this was their them that any change must have been for new doctrine. They said, that, on former the worse, I allow that the people must occasions, the people had not risen against naturally be disposed to resist him now; him; though, by-the-by, they, at the time, and I cannot say, that they were not such told us the people did rise against him to a excellent governments because I never was man. However, this was their new doc- in Germany; but, then comes this diffitrine, that the people were deceived by him culty, that, if the people were so very per • before; but, that, now, having felt the verse as to fold up their arms and suffer grasp of his lyranny, they were no longer him to over-run their country before, in to be deceived; that they now abhorred spite of the excellence of their governments, him, and were all ready to shed the last why are we to believe, that they will shed drop of their blood in order to prevent the their blood now for the restoration of those return of his authority, or that of his de- very governments ? And, if, on the other puty sovereigns. This reasoning was hand, the old governments were of a conclusive enough if the premises were left somewhat different description, what reaout of consideration; and, in such cases, son have we to believe, that the people men seldom embarrass themselves with will now die to the last man,

rather premises. I have no means of knowing than relinquish their endeavours to prowhat was the precise difference between the cure their restoration ?- This is my operation of Napoleon's governments in grand difficulty, and I should be very much Germany, and that of the governments ex- obliged to any of the enlightened editors isting there before ; and, therefore, I could of our press, if they would condescend to not positively assert, that the people might get me out of it.

In the mean while I not wish for a counter-revolution. But, I do really see no signs of any resistance to must confess, that I took the non-resistance Napoleon on the part of the people of Gerof the people upon the former occasions to many. I read, indeed, about the volunbe but ioo strong a presumptive proof that teer corps and the levy-en-mass in Prussia; they were still disposed in his favour. For, but, I read about them before, 'not many as to his deceiving them; how was such a days previous to the arrival of the news, deception to be practised? He was then that Napoleon had gone to the theatre at an Emperor as inuch as he now is. His Berlin amidst the acclamations of the peogovernment was well known. The sort of ple. I have no faith, therefore, in these sway that he exereised in France was no accounts. I every where see volunteers secret in Germany. He did not advance, and levy-en-mass until he approaches, and as he formerly had done, with Liberly and then I hear no more of them. I have

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lately read of the patriotic stir in Hanover ; 1 pers, any abuse of our King or of any of the but the map shows me, that Napoleon has Royal Family. Those papers do not call not been afraid, “ coward" as he is be- them monsters, nor do they revile them in come, to leave that patriotic and inestima- any degree. They very seldom say. thing ble Electorate in his rear; and I am not personal of any body in this country, 16 without my apprehensions, that he will would, surely, be wise to follow their exhave the insolence to treat many other re- ample. They seem not to be in a passion. spectable seats of patriotism in the same They seein to take things coolly. The truth way. In my opinions upon this sub- is, they have not to gratify readers who are ject I may be deceived; I am by no filled with rage because they are afraid of means sure that I am right; but, I am not the result of the contest. While we storm, willing to dupe myself, and wish to prevent they smile. And this is the effect of a my readers from being duped. There is war, begun twenty years ago against the nothing which so degrades a nation, in my Republicans of France.--In speaking of eyes, as its being the dupe of designing the prospects of the war, I forgot to take knaves. The abuse which is heaped into the account, against Napoleon, the upon Napoleon is very odious, and can presence of the Duke of Cumberland with not do any good. If, indeed, the calling the allied army, though a circumstance of of him " the monster on the banks of the no small importance. It was reported, Elbe” would drive him back from that that His Royal Highness was about to take river, or, better still, plunge him into it, out the German Troops with him ; but, it there might be some sense in the use of appears, it was thought much better 10 such appellations; but, as they can be of leave them here. I have long wished to see no use, either to us or to our magnanimous some one of our Royal Family pitted Allies, it would, surely, be better to re-against Napoleon. We have seen German, frain from the use of them. If they ever and Russian, and Italian Princes often enough reach him, they cannot fail to make him pitted against him, but, never until now laugh at us.--This is, however, taken for an English Prince of the blood Royal, and a mark of patriotism in this country, though we shall now see the effect that it will proit seems very difficult to find out the rea- duce. We now see a Royal Duke in the son. Any fool may call Buonaparte a mon- field against the Dukes of Napoleon, the

. ster. Nothing is easier, but, let any one greater part of whom were farmers' or shew me what valour or what sense there shop-keepers’ or labourers' sons.

We is in such reviling.-- -For my part, I saw shall now see, whether these low-born a man prosecuted and found guilty of a men will be able to stand before him. Libel for abusing this same Buonaparte, But, I protest before-hand against any atand, from that moment, I resolved never tempt to make us believe, that he has not to speak of him again in any other terms been in this or in that battle. We have than they would allow me to speak of any been assured, that he is with the allied other sovereign, whether at peace or at army, and, in that light we must constantly war with us ; for, what a base thing must view that army. I consider him as a printhe press be, if it is to be muzzled or let cipal person in that army; I consider loose, as to the very same person, accord him as carrying with him the spirit ing to the varying circumstances of peace of England to that army; and, I must

or war ! -Lord Cathcart, I perceive, beg the gentlemen editors of the news| calls Napoleon " the Ruler of France.” papers not to suffer him, by any means, to

If this could check him in his march to drop out of sight in their details.wards Petersburgh, it would be very right when his Royal Brother, the Duke of to use it; but, as cannot do that, I see York, was engaged in the celebrated camno use in these nick-names. In all the ca- paign with the Russiańs, against a man lendars of Europe, not excepting those of whom Mallet-du-Pan called so a printer's England, he is styled an Emperor ; and, boy of Limosin,” I remember what a hartherefore, if I were in the place of Lord vest of glory was anticipated ; and, I have Cathcart, I would not have made use of been very respectably assured, that, if it this phrase of affected contempt, which, 1 had not been for the baseness of the Dutch, repeat, can do no good. - The best way, who fought like devils against us instead of I believe, is to be civil. Good manners for us, the convention of the Helder would are due towards enemies; and, by a con- not have graced the Republican annals. trary conduct men only show that they are But, we are not, according to our newsstung. -We never see, in the French pa- paper, and, indeed, ,our official accounts,

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liable to the same obstacles now, the people to me and I have observed them very narof Germany being all for the Allies. rowly) to be as stout" anti-jacobins" as His Grace of Cumberland has, therefore, any going. I have read their speeches for fairer play. Indeed, if only a quarter part a year past, though I have not remarked of what we have heard be true, His on them; I have noted their toad-eating Grace stands a good chance of pursuing Na- toasts; and I am glad to see them defeated. poleon to the borders of Old France, at the - Perfectly ready at all times I am to

- The Duke is a General, and, join my feeble voice to that of any man who of course, must he well skilled in the science shall ask for the placing of all dissenters

There is no man in this country, upon a level with the people of the church no public writer, at least, who will at- in all respects. But, I am for no partial Tempt to call in question either his skill boons to this sect or to that sect.

I am or his courage. That being the case, I for no caballings of religious parties, by say, that we have a right to put his pre- which the people are kept in a divided sence with the allied army into the scale state, while the government gains strength. against Napoleon, who has before fought One sect comes after another, and is ready the King of Prussia and the Emperor of to give up the great cause of freedom, if Russia, but who never, until

now,

those in power will but, humour them in opposed to him an English Prince. their religious whims.I have no objecconclude, therefore, this long article by ob- tion to the religion of the Catholic. I serving, that we ought, all of us, to keep think a Catholic priest just as well qualified our eye steadily fixed upon this important to forgive sins, and to have just as good circumstance.

authority for it, as our priests, who are

authorized so to do by the Rubric. Eng. CATHOLIC BILL. As I expressed my land was great and free when our fathers opinion it has turned out. This Bill has were Catholics. But, what I dislike is, been rejected. On Monday last, upon the that this description of dissenters from the motion of the Speaker to leave out the church should come and demand a partial Clause giving the Catholics seats in Parlia- boon; and, more especially, that they ment, there was for the motion a majority should pretend, that it is for the good of all of four, upon which the partisans of the the sect, when they well know, and we Bill gave up the rest.- I am, for my know too, that it is only for the sake of part, glad of this result. The Bill would gratifying a set of place-hunters.I rereally have done nothing at all for the great peat, that I have observed in their proceedbody of the Catholics, while it would have ings nothing in favour of public liberty; opened the way for a new and hungry set of and I do firmly believe, that, if the door of placemen. -There are Protestant barris- place had been opened to them, we should lers enough aspiring to big wigs, without have found them amongst the most active and adding three or four score of Catholies to the zealous of our persecutors. And, for this number. I have quite enough of the hun- reason, that they are hungry. They want to dred Protestant members of parliainent share in the good things; and they very well froin the " sister kingdom.” And, as to know the only way to obtain their object. the army and navy, if any one doubts of The Speaker objected to thein upon precisely our having generals and admirals enough, the opposite ground with me. He was afraid, let him look at the lists. My firm belief they would range themselves in opposition is, that we have twice, if not thrice, the to the Government: I think they would number that Napoleon has.

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have been amongst the most ready and dalous abuse of words to call the partisans most useful of all its instruments.

-The of such a Bill, the " friends of civil and Morning Chronicle seems to think, that religious liberty.They should be called now we ought to have a parliamentary rethe friends of a new drove of placemen. form, and that we ought to have it, too, in The Bill would have given not one particle consequence of the rejection of this Bill. of liberty to any Catholic, or to any priest ; --The article is very curious, and I will but, on the contrary, would have taken insert it.- “ After the Speaker had resome of the liberties of the latter away, for 6 sumed the Chair on Monday night, we

Santehoren the sake of putting some of the laity into 6 rejoice to learn that Lørd Rancliffe gave places. I never could discover, in any of so notice of a motion on the subject of Parthe proceedings of the Catholic boards or liamentary Reform, for the 11th of June

ather bodies, any thing in favour of pub-" next. Every day's experience shews the Discount On the contrary, they appear necessity of such a reform as shall restore

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" the just rights of the people in the Com- it now is ! I never heard that they ob66 mons House: and it cannot be said that jected to the system of boroughs. This is, “ it is not called for, when it is known that then, a sudden thought of theirs, or of “ Major Cartwright, on Monday evening, yours. No, Mr. Perry, they can, " said he now held in his hands, ready to surely, never object to the mode of elect66 be presented to the House, 320 petitions, ing that very parliament, into which, with“ uniform in their prayer for reform, and out any complaint against it, they were so

signed by one hundred and twenty thou- eager to obtain admittance. If the parlia6 sand men.

-We know not in what ment was good enough for them to sit in “ terms to speak of the disappointment by the means of borough elections, it was " which the friends of civil and religious surely good enough to decide upon their es freedom have suffered by the loss of the petition.--But, the worst of it is, that “ Bill for the relief of the Roman Catho- those, in general, who voted for the Casolics; because with that reverence for the tholics are amongst the sturdiest eneinies of " House of Commons which it is our desire reform. Will Mr. CANNING, for instance, "to cherish, we cannot reconcile with any give us a lift in the way of reform? It is "rule of principle the vote of Monday very true, that a reform of the parliament

night on a single cause of the Bill, with would soon settle all these religious dis" the former votes on the whole of it. putes; but, of those who were for this 66 There must be a secret history in the ma- Bill, five would not vote for a parliament

nagement of the division in the Commit-ary reform.--I am very glad to hear, “tee, which if it could be fairly promul- that there are petitions for reform; but, I

gated; would prove to every unbiassed am sure they will be sigued by very few 66 mind the necessity of that reform in the of those who take a lead in religious sects.

representation which it is the object of Those people have always some little boon Lord Rancliffe lo bring into discussion. to ask for themselves; and they well know, 66 Some of the arts practised on the occasion that the way to get that is not to ask for a " have been whispered, and we may be reform of the parliament. Nay, I will bet "enabled to speak of them hereafter. But Mr. Perry a trifle, that the very persons, " certainly the triumph is not to be boasted in whose behalf this Bill was brought in, 6 of that was obtained by the means which would be amongst the foremost in opposing "we hear were practised, and which, after parliamentary reform; because that would "all the efforts that were made, was so cut up, root and branch, the very things * trilling in its number. The Bill is lost, they are seeking for.--I do not mean to ** indeed, and the consequences may be say, that all those, who have taken an

such, as we shudder to contemplate ; but active part in pressing for this measure, “what must be the feeling of the tempo- wish to get money by it. I know the “rary winners, when they shall reflect on contrary. Mr. BuTLER, for instance, I " the very trilling majority by which they am satisfied, is actuated by no selfish mos have contrived to continue the thraldom tive. I could say the same of many others; "s in which millions of their fellow-subjects but, generally speaking, the object is to get a

are held! Their triumph will be short, share of the public money by one mean or

indeed, if the result of this vote shall be another.- -But, how comes it, that the " to quicken the public mind in the cause Catholics, if they were friends of reform,

of parliamentary Reform ; and we sin- never talked of it before? I have read, in

cerely hope that that will be the some of their speeches, as bitter reflections "first fruits of the decision.". -Upon on the Reformers as ever escaped the lips my word, Mr. PERRY, this is being very of any scoundrel Borough-monger, of any sanguine indeed! Can you believe, corrupt trafficker in seats; and, having that the reform which was rejected upon heard this, and perceiving from the tenor Mr. Madox's exposure of 11th May, 1809, of all their toasts and resolutions, that they will be produced by the rejection of are amongst the enemies of Reform, am I this Bill? Can you believe, that the re- now to be made believe, that their cause form, the necessity of which has not been ought to produce that change? evident enough in 20 years' war, and ture to assure Mr. Perry, that MAJOR 800,000,000 of debt, and in the property CARTWRIGHT, that most able, most zeatax, will become evident in the refusal to lous, and most disinterested friend of freeJet two or three score of Roman Catholics dom, will find no material support froin into place? The Catholics wished, it the Catholics, or, at least, from those who seems, to get into this same parliament as were calling for this Bill. -We

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it seems, to expect dreadful consequences tion, who, if again in power, would again in Ireland. And why? Do you see the insult the people much more than the Bill that is passing about arms in Ireland ? Pittites have ever done. What: Did Do you keep in mind the powers which the not Mr. Tierney and Mr. Ponsonby and Irish government has over the people? Lord Milton join Mr. Canning and Mr. Do you remember the Act, which was Perceval in making the famous 66 STAND drawn up by the Whigs, which was left “ against POPULAR ,

ENCROACHby them as a legacy to the Pittites, and 66 MENT," when Mr. Madox, on the which was said to have been þenned by 11th of May, 1809, offered to prove the Mr. Grattan himself? Do you remember sale of a seat ? And, with this fact in our that Act? Have you its powers in your minds, will any one attempt to persuade eye ? If you have, you will be at perfect us, that we ought to look to the Whig case upon the score of disturbances in Ire- faction as friends of reform! land; and, you will also be able to judge, how far the supporters of the Bill now AMERICAN

-PRISONERS thrown out, seeing that they were the real

Mr. BARLOW.

- It appears authors of the Act above alluded to, merit that the loan, which our hireling prints the exclusive appellation of " friends of assured us the American President was un6 “ civil and religious liberty."----Besides, able to raise, has been raised, and that, I again ask, what reason have the mass of too, in the single city of Philadelphia. the Irish Catholics to be more discontented It also is stated, that Mr. Madison has now than they were before this Bill was actually named plenipotentiaries to negoci. rejected ? The Bill, if carried, would ate a peace with us, under the mediation of have done them no good. Why, then, if Russia.- I hope we shall accept of the not deluded, if not deceived, should they mediation, and put an end to this the worst regret its failure?

-Oh, no! Mr. Perry, of all our wars. But, the hireling press is we are in no danger of disturbances in Ire- against such acceptance. It labours hard land! The people of Ireland appear to be to perpetuate this war and to make it as a perfectly loyal and orderly race. You cruel as possible, by adding to the animonever hear from them any noise about any sity on both sides.- -There is a circumthing. They are as quiet as any people stance, which I have heard of, relating to can be ; and, really, it is a pity, that any Americans, who were serving on board of hints should be thrown out, like those of our ships, which it will be suficient, I am Mr. Perry, calculates to disturb their sure, barely to state- -The Americans minds.---At any rate, they ought not to always asserted, that we detained many of be deceived. The Bill would have done, their native seamen on board of our ships of them no good, as I have frequently shown; war.--- -This now appears to have been by the rejection of the Bill, the great body true. For, since the war has been going of the Catholics have lost nothing, nor have on, our government have thought it pruthey been deprived of the chance of gaining dent (and it was certainly just) to put these any thing. What new reason, therefore, men, or some of them, at least, out of our can they have to be disaffected towards a service, it not being at all probable that an government, with which they appear from American would, without force, fight their silence to have been hitherto so well against his country. I have only to add, satisfied ? - To return, for a moment, to that the men I allude to, have, as I underthe subject of parliamentary reform, I beg stand, been, not discharged, not sent home, the reader to bear in mind, that the Morn- but made prisoners of war, to be exchanging Chronicle never speaks on the sabject, ed against persons, whom the Americans except at times when its faction has receiv- may have taken from us in actual war, ed å blow. I confess that it would be a I do not positively assert this to be a fact, remedy for almost all our evils ; but, the but I have heard it stated as such, and I do worst of it is, the Whigs never talked think that it is a matter which calls for about this remedy, when they were in public attention. Being upon the subject power. Nay, have not all the leaders of of America, I cannot refrain from noticing them talked against it, of late years, in a certain letters, which appeared in the most vehement style? What, then, are COURIER, the MORNING Post, and other we to expect from them?

The people newspapers, a few days ago, purporting to must rely upon themselves only; upon their be letters, written by Mr. Joel BARLOW to own lawful exertions, and not upon the Mr. MADISON, from France. These letgood will or exertions of this deceitful fac- ters our newspapers say they have copied

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