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ment of the public schools and in the raising of standards in professional education. In addition to these achievements abroad, more than 1,600 young men and young women are receiving instruction-intellectual, moral, social and civic-at Columbia and at Rolla. Does not the University take care of Missouri? It is at least aiming to do so, and the aim is laudable."

Independence Day, March 2, was celebrated with unusual enthusiasm. The exercises had been turned over to the student body and the arrangements were all made by them acting through the Independence Day Students' Association.


Of the proceedings out of doors Mr. M. O. Flowers was Grand Marshal, assisted by a number of Class Lieutenants as follows: Freshman Academic, G. D. Ramsey; Sophomore Academic, A. Singleton; Junior Academic, E. Crane; Senior Academic, P. C. Burney; Junior Law, R. S. Watson; Senior Law, G. N. Lytle; Freshman Engineer, C. T. Harris; Upper Engineer, T. J. Palm.

Soon after breakfast a body of students assembled at the Capitol and from there, with the Band playing, marched to the University pulling the cannon they had borrowed from the Adjutant General. In front of the Main Building a salute of twenty-one guns was fired in honor of the Texas flag. The cannoniers were Capt. L. P. Sieker, D. A. Frank, J. P. Haven, A. P. Stramler and J. V. Duncan.

Meanwhile people were gathering in the gaily decorated Auditorium. Something had stirred Austin for the great room was well filled. At 11:20 the speakers and distinguished guests proceeded to the rostrum to the stirring music of Dixie. W. T. Bartholomew, President of the Students' Association, presided.

Dr. Bradfield offered an invocation. Then with a short address Mr. Bartholomew presented President Prather, who spoke in his usual impressive manner on the part played and to be played by the University in the up-building of the State and by the students in the up-building of the University. Mr. A. F. Weisberg then read the Declaration of Independence clearly and forcefully, followed by "Come into the Bower" played by the Band. This was the song sung by the Texans as they advanced to the attack of San Jacinto. Miss Grace Prather now came forward to read with winning simplicity the patriotic song which won the prize offered by President Prather, through the Woman's Clubs, for the song best fitted to serve as the State song of Texas.

An earnest address was now delivered by the Hon. W. A. Hanger, of Fort Worth, Senator from the Fourteenth District, in which he found the key to the future of Texas in the development of its resources.

Music by the Glee Club came next. The audience was so pleased that the Club had to sing an encore, and even then the people were not satisfied. The song first sung, written by one of the members of the Club, Mr. J. L. Sinclair, is good enough to preserve.


Round the campfire, tired and dusty,

Texan soldiers, true and trusty,

When your guns were cold and rusty
In the morning dew,

Did you, in your dreaming,
See the future gleaming,

War drums beating, foes retreating,
Silken banners streaming-

Since the days of strife are ended
And the broken years are mended,
In that future large and splendid
Has your dream come true?

Rest in peace, your names are famous,
As her own shall Texas claim us;

All her hills and plains would shame us
If we could forget.

While the drums are beating

With their loud entreating,

In such manner to her banner

Varsity gives greeting,

On these heights, to peace forsaken,

Let the cannon's voice awaken

Until these white walls are shaken

Loud, and louder yet.

The next name on the program was that of the Hon. L. S. Schulter, but he was unable to be present, and his place was taken by the Hon. R. C. Duff, Representative from Beaumont. Mr. Duff found inspiration for the present in the great deeds of our fathers, and drew therefrom splendid auguries for the future.

Mr. Bartholomew now presented Mrs. H. L. Hilgartner, who sang 'Texas;' a Patriotic Song, by C. Appleyard, M. A., of Cambridge University, England, Dedicated to my First Friend in Texas, Judge Wm. Von Rosenberg, Jr." The accompaniment was played by Mr. Edmund Ludwig, the composer of the music.

It is a little odd that a song of such warm Texas feeling should have been written by an Englishman and set to music by a German, but after all perhaps immigrants are better Texans than natives-the native couldn't help being a Texan.

At the announcement of Judge Yancey Lewis as the next speaker the building rang with applause, testifying at once to the popularity of Judge Lewis and the lively anticipation of the audience. And this anticipation was not cheated. Judge Lewis possesses every qualification for a public speaker-a fine presence, a rich, resonant voice, a magnetic personality,

something to say. On this occasion his speech deserved the acclamation which it received. Rarely does one find so perfect a combination of form and thought. The idea that our heritage is great but our duty is greater was elaborated in language graceful and musical, yet terse and strong. We print the speech elsewhere.

It was a hard task for Mr. George S. Wright, representative for the students, to follow so admirable a speaker as Judge Lewis, but he acquitted himself well. He developed from the language of the Declaration the State's need of education and the place of the University in supplying it. The audience now rose and America was sung, the Band leading. Why is it that our audiences never sing America-or anything else for that matter-with any spirit? We seem to have but little love of singing in general, and to sing a patriotic song appears to be thought bad form or silly, or both.

Dr J. A. French now pronounced the benediction and the exercises were W. J. B.


Ben B. Cain was born at Wetumpka, Alabama, June 22, 1859. His father, W. G. Cain, moved from Alabama to Texas in December, 1869, and engaged in the mercantile business at Tyler, where the family has since continued to reside.

Regent Cain.

His early education was only such as was afforded by the private schools of that section of the country in the early seventies. In 1876-77 Mr. Cain was a student of the University of Kansas, but owing to financial reverses could not complete his education and was compelled to leave the University at the end of the freshman year. He came home, secured employment in the law office of the Hon. W. S. Herndon, and at the age of nineteen years had read the course prescribed by the Supreme Court and was ready for admission to the bar. He discussed with bis employer the advisibility of getting his disabilities removed by special act of the Legislature so as to begin at once the practice of law, but Col. Herndon advised him to wait until he was of age and retained him until that time to assist in clerical work and the briefing and preparation of cases in his office. On the day he was twenty-one years he was examined; the committee, without retiring, reported favorably and his license was granted and issued. He began the practice of law at Tyler and in less than a year formed a partnership with Col. Herndon, under the firm name of Herndon & Cain, and at once entered into an extensive and lucrative practice. This partnership continued until 1890, when the private business of Col. Herndon had grown to such an extent as to require all of his time and he then retired from active practice, but continued to be associated with Mr. Cain in the conduct of important litigation. In 1894 Mr. Cain formed a partnership with W. Frank Knox, under the firm name of Cain & Knox, and this firm is now enjoying a large practice throughout the State. Mr. Cain has the reputation of being one of our leading lawyers.

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He is licensed to practice in the Supreme Court of the U. S., the Supreme Courts of Texas and California and the U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U. S. Circuit and District Courts of Texas.

He has declined to engage in politics. He insists that a man cannot be a profound lawyer without giving the law his constant attention. He has accumulated property; has occupied many positions of trust and is considered a man of good business ability. He is at present director and attorney for the Jester National Bank of Tyler, President of the Tyler Water Co., President of the Tyler Sewer Co. and interested in other important business enterprises. He has been an official member of the M. E. Church South almost constantly since he was twenty years old.

Mr. Cain should be classed amongst the self-made men of the State. [Sketches of the other two new Regents, Messrs. Browning and Chapman, will, it is hoped, appear in the next issue of the RECORD.]

J. A. L.

The Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, by T. U. Taylor, C. E., M. C. E., Professor of Applied Mathematics in The University of A Book by Profes- Texas, and Charles Puryear, M. A. C. E., Professor of Mathematics in the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas.

sors Taylor and


To the already large number of Trigonometries, Professors Taylor and Puryear have added another from the press of Ginn and Company. Although Trigonometry is, after elementary arithmetic, perhaps the most useful portion of the mathematics, still the subject is a little too technical for review in detail in the RECORD. Suffice it to say that this new text abundantly justifies its existence by the directness of its arrangement, the newness of its examples and its general freshness of tone. The book is to be commended also on its omission of a number of topics that concern the student very much later in his mathematical career if at all, yet which have crept into many trigonometries otherwise elementary. The character of the examples is espcially to be commended, and after all an elementary text is to judged mainly by these. One is disposed to wish there were more of them. It is here that applied mathematicians can confer the greatest favor upon mathematics in the supplying of new and interesting material and in the lopping off of relatively useless accretions derived from pure mathematics alone. The writer of this review is one of those who welcome applied mathematicians into the field of elementary pure mathematics, being convinced that elementary mathemathical instruction is of too theoretical a nature and too much given to formal logic when it ought to be concrete and numerical. Books like the one under review are good correctives of mathematical purisms, unless they go too far and commit mathematical blunders. In this Trigonometry of Professors Taylor and Puryear no blunders of reasoning appear, though many will regret that a projective proof of the additional formulas was not given.

The book has met with a very favorable reception, and has been adopted

at the University of Ohio, at the North Texas Normal, and at several other places, and will be used in the University of Texas this spring.

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THE MINERALS AND MINERAL LOCALITIES OF TEXAS.-By Frederic W. Simonds, Ph. D., Professor of Geology, The University of Texas. Bulletin No. 5, The University of Texas Mineral Survey. December, 1902. Page 104.

In the "Letter of Transmittal" Dr. Wm. B. Phillips, Director of the Survey, says: "In view of the deep interest now being shown in the mineral resources of the State we thought it advisable to issue a special publication dealing with the minerals and mineral localities. Dr. Simonds has been engaged upon this work for some time, and it is believed that the list he now presents covers the entire field as well as it can be done at present."

A Work by Dr. Simonds.

The task Dr. Simonds set for himself was a very arduous one, and it is to his credit that the list "covers the entire field as well as can be done at present." It is by far the most comprehensive and at the same time authentic list of the minerals and mineral localities of Texas that has been published; and Dr. Simonds has done the State a real service in putting in accessible form so much valuable information concerning these particular resources of the State.

The minerals are listed alphabetically, with numerous cross-references, and this list covers eighty-four pages of the bulletin. Next follows "A Summary of the Minerals of Texas by Counties;" then notes on the scale of hardness, specific gravity, streak, lustre, fracture; and the bulletin closes with a discussion of "The Commercial Aspects of Certain Ores in Trans-Pecos, Texas," by Dr. Wm. B. Phillips, Director of the Survey.

The work is well done, and is worthy of better treatment than it received at the hands of the printer. The poor quality of the paper used and the numerous typographical errors-errors solely attributable to gross negligence on the part of the printer-must be a disappointment to the author. The neglect of the printer to follow "copy" with regard to proper spacing in a large number of the chemical formulæ is very reprehensible. On page 72 the omission of the letter "y" in the word pyroxene is inexcusably bad in a list alphabetically arranged, but the insertion on page 94, of the word "pounds" instead of the word "points," under the scale of hardness, is infinitely worse. H. W. H.

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George Albert Endress was born August 31, 1872, at Sheffield, Connecticut. While still a child his parents moved to Texas.

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He was prepared for college in the public schools Instructor in at Austin, entered the University of Texas in 1888, and was graduated in 1893, with the degree of B. S. in Civil Engineering, the University not conferring the degree of Civil Engineer at that time.

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