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something to say. On this occasion his speech deserved the acclamation which it received. Rarely does one find so perfect a combination of form and thought. The idea that our heritage is great but our duty is greater was elaborated in language graceful and musical, yet terse and strong. We print the speech elsewhere.

It was a hard task for Mr. George S. Wright, representative for the students, to follow so admirable a speaker as Judge Lewis, but he acquitted himself well. He developed from the language of the Declaration the State's need of education and the place of the University in supplying it. The audience now rose and America was sung, the Band leading. Why is it that our audiences never sing America-or anything else for that matter-with any spirit? We seem to have but little love of singing in general, and to sing a patriotic song appears to be thought bad form or silly, or both.

Dr J. A. French now pronounced the benediction and the exercises were W. J. B.


Ben B. Cain was born at Wetumpka, Alabama, June 22, 1859. His father, W. G. Cain, moved from Alabama to Texas in December, 1869, and engaged in the mercantile business at Tyler, where the family has since continued to reside.

Regent Cain.

His early education was only such as was afforded by the private schools of that section of the country in the early seventies. In 1876-77 Mr. Cain was a student of the University of Kansas, but owing to financial reverses could not complete his education and was compelled to leave the University at the end of the freshman year. He came home, secured employment in the law office of the Hon. W. S. Herndon, and at the age of nineteen years had read the course prescribed by the Supreme Court and was ready for admission to the bar. He discussed with bis employer the advisibility of getting his disabilities removed by special act of the Legislature so as to begin at once the practice of law, but Col. Herndon advised him to wait until he was of age and retained him until that time to assist in clerical work and the briefing and preparation of cases in his office. On the day he was twenty-one years he was examined; the committee, without retiring, reported favorably and his license was granted and issued. He began the practice of law at Tyler and in less than a year formed a partnership with Col. Herndon, under the firm name of Herndon & Cain, and at once entered into an extensive and lucrative practice. This partnership continued until 1890, when the private business of Col. Herndon had grown to such an extent as to require all of his time and he then retired from active practice, but continued to be associated with Mr. Cain in the conduct of important litigation. In 1894 Mr. Cain formed a partnership with W. Frank Knox, under the firm name of Cain & Knox, and this firm is now enjoying a large practice throughout the State. Mr. Cain has the reputation of being one of our leading lawyers.

He is licensed to practice in the Supreme Court of the U. S., the Supreme Courts of Texas and California and the U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U. S. Circuit and District Courts of Texas.

He has declined to engage in politics. He insists that a man cannot be a profound lawyer without giving the law his constant attention. He has accumulated property; has occupied many positions of trust and is considered a man of good business ability. He is at present director and attorney for the Jester National Bank of Tyler, President of the Tyler Water Co., President of the Tyler Sewer Co. and interested in other important business enterprises. He has been an official member of the M. E. Church South almost constantly since he was twenty years old.

Mr. Cain should be classed amongst the self-made men of the State. [Sketches of the other two new Regents, Messrs. Browning and Chapman, will, it is hoped, appear in the next issue of the RECORD.]

J. A. L.

The Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, by T. U. Taylor, C. E., M. C. E., Professor of Applied Mathematics in The University of A Book by Profes- Texas, and Charles Puryear, M. A. C. E., Professor of sors Taylor and Mathematics in the Agricultural and Mechanical ColPuryear. lege of Texas.

To the already large number of Trigonometries, Professors Taylor and Puryear have added another from the press of Ginn and Company. Although Trigonometry is, after elementary arithmetic, perhaps the most useful portion of the mathematics, still the subject is a little too technical for review in detail in the RECORD. Suffice it to say that this new text abundantly justifies its existence by the directness of its arrangement, the newness of its examples and its general freshness of tone. The book is to be commended also on its omission of a number of topics that concern the student very much later in his mathematical career if at all, yet which have crept into many trigonometries otherwise elementary. The character of the examples is espcially to be commended, and after all an elementary text is to judged mainly by these. One is disposed to wish there were more of them. It is here that applied mathematicians can confer the greatest favor upon mathematics in the supplying of new and interesting material and in the lopping off of relatively useless accretions derived from pure mathematics alone. The writer of this review is one of those who welcome applied mathematicians into the field of elementary pure mathematics, being convinced that elementary mathemathical instruction is of too theoretical a nature and too much given to formal logic when it ought to be concrete and numerical. Books like the one under review are good correctives of mathematical purisms, unless they go too far and commit mathematical blunders. In this Trigonometry of Professors Taylor and Puryear no blunders of reasoning appear, though many will regret that a projective proof of the additional formulas was not given.

The book has met with a very favorable reception, and has been adopted

at the University of Ohio, at the North Texas Normal, and at several other places, and will be used in the University of Texas this spring.

H. Y. B.

THE MINERALS AND MINERAL LOCALITIES OF TEXAS.-By Frederic W. Simonds, Ph. D., Professor of Geology, The University of Texas. Bulletin No. 5, The University of Texas Mineral Survey. December, 1902. Page 104.

In the "Letter of Transmittal" Dr. Wm. B. Phillips, Director of the Survey, says: "In view of the deep interest now being shown in the mineral resources of the State we thought it advisable to issue a special publication dealing with the minerals and mineral localities. Dr. Simonds has been engaged upon this work for some time, and it is believed that the list he now presents covers the entire field as well as it can be done at present."

A Work by Dr. Simonds.

The task Dr. Simonds set for himself was a very arduous one, and it is to his credit that the list "covers the entire field as well as can be done at present." It is by far the most comprehensive and at the same time authentic list of the minerals and mineral localities of Texas that has been published; and Dr. Simonds has done the State a real service in putting in accessible form so much valuable information concerning these particular resources of the State.

The minerals are listed alphabetically, with numerous cross-references, and this list covers eighty-four pages of the bulletin. Next follows "A Summary of the Minerals of Texas by Counties;" then notes on the scale of hardness, specific gravity, streak, lustre, fracture; and the bulletin closes with a discussion of "The Commercial Aspects of Certain Ores in Trans-Pecos, Texas," by Dr. Wm. B. Phillips, Director of the Survey.

The work is well done, and is worthy of better treatment than it received at the hands of the printer. The poor quality of the paper used and the numerous typographical errors-errors solely attributable to gross negligence on the part of the printer-must be a disappointment to the author. The neglect of the printer to follow "copy" with regard to proper spacing in a large number of the chemical formulæ is very reprehensible. On page 72 the omission of the letter "y" in the word pyroxene is inexcusably bad in a list alphabetically arranged, but the insertion on page 94, of the word "pounds" instead of the word "points," under the scale of hardness, is infinitely worse.

H. W. H.


George Albert Endress was born August 31, 1872, at Sheffield, Connecticut. While still a child his parents moved to Texas.

The New

He was prepared for college in the public schools Instructor in at Austin, entered the University of Texas in 1888, and Drawing. was graduated in 1893, with the degree of B. S. in Civil Engineering, the University not conferring the degree of Civil Engineer at that time.

After graduation he spent two years in the office of Bert MacDonald, architect, in Austin, and then went to Monterey, Mexico, where he spent two years in the employ of the Monterey water works, making surveys, maps and estimates for a new system of water supply for that city.

In 1897 he accepted a position as draughtsman with the K. C., P. & G. R. R., resigning in 1899 to accept a position as assistant engineer for the Southern Pacific Railroad, in the maintenance of way department, having charge of maintenance of track and permanent structures and surveys for changes of alignment and new work.

In 1901 he left the S. P. R. R. to return to Monterey as architect and engineer for the Monterey Steel Company. This company is spending about $10,000,000 in the erection of a complete steel plant, with its own blast furnaces, foundries, machine shops, rolling mills, railroads, etc., with all of which Mr. Endress was closely identified.

On account of the failing health of his mother he found it desirable to return to Austin, accepting his election as Instructor in Drawing in the engineering department of this University, entering upon the work in September last.

Mr. Endress was married to Miss Margaret Louise Ledbetter, of Austin, on the 26th of February, 1901.

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The Rhodes Scholarships.

A good deal of interest is being taken in the steps for the appointment of Cecil Rhodes scholars in the United States. At a recent meeting of the State Universities' representatives at Wash ington, D. C., President Prather was asked to undertake the organization of the Southwestern States with reference to these scholarships. At a meeting held in Kansas City in January, the Universities of the States of Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Indian Territory, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas were represented. It was agreed that the president of the State University in each State should appoint a committee of three, himself to be chairman, the other members, as far as advisable, to be chosen from other leading institutions in the State. This committee should hold the examinations and take the necessary steps to appoint the candidates. The first appointment will be made in time for the student to take up his residence in Oxford in the fall of 1904. Competitive examinations, based upon the entrance requirements at Oxford, will be held in the University at Austin at some future date. The whole plan is still in a very unsettled state and full details cannot yet be given. A note from a report of the Washington meeting will show this: "George R. Parkin of Toronto, Canada, the agent of the Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund in America, who was present, spoke. He said the trustees would like to carry out the provisions of the will with as much sympathy for local conditions as possible. It was useless, however, to do anything regarding the will unless he first ascertained Ox

ford's ideas on the will. Oxford is very peculiar, he said, hide-bound by traditions, each one of its twenty-one colleges carefully clinging to its own peculiarities. Dr. Parkin found Oxford nervous in regard to a possible accession of 200 cowboys. He had received an answer to one of his letters addressed to the different Oxford colleges. This college said it could accommodate about four students each year. The colleges in their replies requested that if possible each student should have some one in England vouch for him. For the right young men he recommended an honor undergraduate course. He said he had prepared a circular regarding the will and its conditions for general distribution. One of the conditions in the minds of the trustees is that politics should not enter into the appointments of candidates." Further announcements regarding these scholarships and the methods of appointment will be made as plans mature.

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The Summer Schools of 1903.

The sixth annual session of the Summer Schools of the University of Texas will begin June 11 and will continue until July 24. The Regents annually give the use of the buildings, laboratories, libraries, museums and lecture rooms of the University during this period to the teachers of Texas, who desire to improve their scholarship and professional attainments. Two hundred and sixty students were enrolled during the past summer, representing the best schools of the State.

The faculty of officers and instructors for the present session numbers twenty-two. College courses will be offered in botany, education, geology, German, physics, Latin, mathematics, psychology, chemistry, English, history, Greek and Spanish. In addition the University Summer Normal will give instruction in all branches required for the first grade and permanent, and permanent primary certificates above those of the second grade. At the close of the school, examinations will be held covering all branches for such persons as desire to secure the higher grade certificates. A manual training department has been instituted for the session of 1903 in charge of Mr. Hunsdon, who at present is director of manual training in the High School at Austin. Mr. Hunsdon is a graduate of the St. Louis Manual Training School, was a student in Washington University, St. Louis, for three years, and has also studied in Columbia University, New York City. In view of the present wide-spread interest in manual training in Texas, it is expected that the attendance on this course will be large.

Dr. Frederic Eby, Professor of Pedagogy and Philosophy in Baylor University, and President H. C. Pritchett of the Sam Houston Normal Institute, will be connected with the faculty this year. The other instructors have been chosen from the regular University faculty, and the schools are under the deanship of Professor W. S. Sutton. Board may be secured in Austin at reasonable rates, and the railroads will put on the usual

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