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tives of friendship to his Ally, the King of the 2 Sicilies, wished that these changes should be wisely and prudently effectuated ;-that, as to his own conduct, His Royal Highness the Prince Regent would abstain from all interference in the internal affairs of a Foreigu and Independent State, provided his own honour and the good faith of his Government did not otherwise require it, and this would be in the 2 following cases :- Ist. If the Sicilians, who, during the last few years, had acted in concert with the British Authorities, were exposed to a re-action; and 2ndly. If the condition of Sicily should be rendered worse than it was in former times.
The Marquis Circello having submitted, as was his duty, this declaration to His Majesty the King, his Master, must first assure Mr. A'Court, that His Majesty acknowledges in this declaration a new proof of the particular regard and friendship of his August Ally; and he desires that Mr. A'Court will express his most lively gratitude to His Royal Highness.
Reverting to the contents of the declaration, His Majesty, applauding the principles by which the British Government is animated, declares that he accepts and confirms the 2 reserves, which are expressed in the declaration.
With respect to the first, concerning the Sicilians who have acted in concert with the British Authorities; His Majesty will not only consider them in the same light as his other Subjects, but promises, besides, that wherever, by their talents or their moral qualities, they may be capable of rendering themselves useful, he will employ them without any regard to the opinions which they may have formerly professed. The conduct pursued by His Majesty since the recovery of the Kingdom of Naples, is an evident proof of the sanctity of the principle he professes, that all those of his Subjects distinguished by talent, zeal and good moral conduct, have an equal right to his royal consideration.
With respect to the second reserve, the annexed Papers, marked (A) (B) (C) which the Marquis Circello has the honour to transmit to Mr. A'Court, will explain to him the system of organization, which the King proposes to establish in Sicily. His Majesty could do no less than occupy himself about it, when he saw that the Commission of State, charged with this labour, did not correspond with his royal wishes, and had let 18 months pass away without doing anything.
It must be observed, that His Majesty has, in some measure, dis minished his authority in the Impositions, by the maximum to which he has consented, which modifies the amount of the Public Revenue fixed by the Parliament of 1813; and His Majesty has not hesitated to promise, in the event of there being a necessity to exceed it, that it shall not be done otherwise than with the consent of the Parliament.
If the first permission granted for importing Negroes into America, soon after the Conquest, had been indefinite as to time and place, if it had continued without any interruption, and if the question of prohibiting the traffic were at present agitated for the first time, then in truth, it might very properly be termed sudden, a denomination which always implies somewhat of violence. But the prohibi. tion now under review does not deserve to be qualified as such, and cannot be so denominated. There have been many prohibitions of this Trade; as many, indeed, as have been the permissions granted since the Conquest, for as they were solely for a limited period, it is obvious that, after the expiration of each term, the prohibition obtained its force from the moment of the suspension. That which has been always practised and expected beforehand, cannot, therefore, be considered as unforeseen, nor ought it to be represented as an act of violence.
The influence of the Abolition of this Trade in America is not likely to become immediately perceptible or irremediable. The labours of agriculture and in the mines are already, to a considerable degree, performed by Creoles, the Descendants of the Negroes originally and successively imported. Where proper care has been taken to import Blacks, of both sexes, as has sometimes been ordered in earlier times, the Planters cannot have suffered by the long intervening periods during which no importations of Slaves took place, although they may not have realized such large gains as they would have done, if they bad had a constant supply of Slaves; so that, considering the ques. tion in a legal point of view, so far as regards the Land owners, they appear to be not so anxious to avoid losses, as to obtain advantages, an object undoubtedly much less defensible than the former, Nor will it be difficult to comprehend the truth of this reasoning, when it is considered, that the number of Creoles, of both sexes, is already very large, that they all work at their respective occupations, and that their number is proportionably augmented by their Children.
If the importation of Negroes were to depend upon the necessity which the Landholders are represented to have of Slaves, for the cultivation of their grounds, the Abolition of the Slave-trade must be greatly prolonged beyond 5 years. The extent of Land capable of cultivation in America, and its prodigious fertility, are well known; at what period, then, might the landed Proprietors be expected to have it in their power to declare that their Estates are sufficiently stocked with hands, so as to leave nothing to desire for keeping them in the most perfect state of cultivation ? The Dissentients also assert, and assume as granted, that the Slaves who die, and those that are set free, must of necessity be replaced by others. Now such a necessity will continue for ever: but if this reasoning is to be admitted as valid for requiring Blacks, then let us instantly suspend all discussion respecting the Abolition of the Traffic ; for, unquestionably, no one can pretend to determine how many Cen
regulated for ever agreeably to the Law of our August Father, Charles II. published at Naples, on the 6th of October, 1759.
VI. We establish a General Chancery in the Kingdom of the 2 si. cilies, which shall always be held in the place of our usual residence, and shall have for its President 1 of our Ministers and Secretaries of State, to be styled the Minister Chancellor of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies.
VII. In this General Chancery there shall be kept a Register of, and there shall be deposited, all the Laws and Decrees that shall emanate from us.
VIII. The Minister Chancellor shall affix our Royal Seal to all our Laws and Decrees, and shall authenticate and countersign upon them our Signature. He shall also be charged with the transmission of all our Laws and Decrees to all the constituted Authorities of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies; and he shall cause them to be published and carried into execution.
IX. There shall also be held, in the same General Chancery, a Council for the discussion and preparation of the more important affairs of State, previous to their being laid before us by our Ministers, for our Sovereign decision in our Council of State, and it shall be denominated the Supreme Council of Chancery. The Minister Chancellor shall preside over the latter.
X. A Special Law shall fix the internal organization of the General Chancery, and shall define therein, more distiuctly, the attributes of the Minister Chancellor, and of the Supreme Council of Chancery.
It is our Will and Command, that this our Law, signed by us, authenticated by our Councillor and Secretary of State, the Minister of Grace and Justice, sealed with our Great Seal, and countersigned by our Councillor and Secretary of State, the Minister Chancellor, and registered and deposited in the General Chancery of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies, be published with the usual solemnities throughout the Kingdom, by means of the respective Authorities, who shall cause it to be registered, and see that it be carried into effect.
Our Minister Chancellor of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies is specially charged to watch over its publication. Given at Caserta, the 8th of December, 1816.
FERDINANDO. The Secretary of State, Minister of Grace and Justice,
MARCHESE TOMMASI. The Secretary of State, Minister Chancellor,
TOMMASO DI SOMMA.
(Sub-Enclosure B.)- DECREE of the King, establishing the Office of
Chancellor of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies.- Caserta, 8th December, 1916.-('Translation.)
Ferdinand I, by the Grace of God, King of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies, &c. &c. &c.
Agreeably to Article VI of our Law of this day, by which we have established a General Chancery in our Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies;
We have decreed and do decree, as follows:
Art. I. The Office of Minister, Secretary of State, provisionally maintained by us, in our Royal Dominions, on this side of the Faro, by our Edict of the 5th day of June, of the year 1815, is abolished.
II. All the functions of the said Office are transferred to that which we have instituted, of Chancellor of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies.
III. All the Papers and Registers existing in the Department of the said Minister Secretary of State, shall be transferred to the General Chancery of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies, and there preserved.
IV. For the time being, and until we shall have made fresh dispositions, the functions of Chancellor shall be exercised by the Marquis Circello, our Secretary of State and Minister for Foreign Affairs.
V. All our Secretaries of State and Ministers, and the Chancellor, are charged, each in his respective Department, with the execution of the present Decree. Given at Caserta, the 8th of December, 1816.
FERDINANDO. The Secretary of State. Minister of Grace and Justice,
MARCHESE TOMMASI. The Secretary of State, Minister Chancellor,
TOMMASO DI SOMMA.
(Sub Enclosure C.)-LAW of the King of the 2 Sicilies, confirming
the Privileges of the Island of Sicily.- Caserta, 12th December, 1816.-(Translation.)
FERDINAND I, by the Grace of God, King of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies, of Jerusalem, &c., Infant of Spain, Duke of Parma, Placentia, Castro, &c., &c., Hereditary Grand Prince of Tuscany, &c. &c. &c.
Desiring to confirm the Privileges conceded by Us, and by the Monarchs our illustrious Predecessors, to our well-beloved Siciliaus, and to combine the full enjoyment of those Privileges with the unity of the Political Institutions, which are to form the Public Law of our Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies, We have by the present Law sanctioned, and do sanction as follows:
ART. I. All the Ofices and Employments, Civil and Ecclesiastical, in Sicily, beyond the Straits, shall, conformably to the Capitularies of the Monarchs our Predecessors, he conferred exclusively on Siciliaus, without the other Subjects of our States on this side the Straits being
entitled to pretend to them,-in the saine manuer as the Sicilians cannot advance any claim to civil and religious Appointments in our other Dominions above mentioned. We place among the number of the Appointments exclusively to be given to Sicilians, the Archbishopric of Palermo, although our August Father, Charles III, reserved the disposal of it to the Sovereign, in the great Charter which he granted to the Sicilians.
II. Our Sicilian Subjects beyond the Straits shall be admitted to all the great Diguities of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies, in proportion to the population of the Island.
The population being one fourth of that of our entire Dominions, the 4th part of the Members of our Council of State shall be composed of Sicilians, and the other 3-fourths of Subjects of our other Dominions.
The same proportion shall be observed in the Appointments of our Ministers and Secretaries of State, of the first Diguities of the Court, and of our Representatives and Agents at Foreign Courts.
111. Instead of 2 Sicilian Consultors, who, pursuant to the Concession of our August Father, were Members of the ancient Junta of Sicily, the Supreme Council of the Chancery of the 2 Sicilies shall always contain a number of Sicilian Councillors, according to the proportion fixed in the preceding Article.
IV. Appointments in our Army and Navy, and in our Royal Household, shall be conferred on all our Subjects, without regard to the part of our Dominions of which they may be Natives.
V. The Administrative Government of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies shall be always near our person. When we reside in Sicily, we shall appoint as Governor of our States on this side of the Straits, during our absence, a Prince of our Family, or some other Person of distinction, whom we shall choose amongst our Subjects.
If he be a Prince of the Royal Family, he shall be attended by one of our Ministers of State, who shall correspond with the Ministers and Secretarics of State who reside near our person, and who shall, moreover, have with him 2 or more Directors, to preside in those Sections of the Offices of the Ministers and Secretaries of State, which we shall tbiuk fit to leave on the spot to administer the Government of that part of our Doininions. If the Governor be not a Prince, he shall himself be invested with the character of Minister Secretary of State; he shall correspond directly with the Ministers and Secretaries of State whom we have with us, and shall have 2 or more Directors for that purpose.
Vi. When we reside in our Royal Dominions on this side of the Straits, Sicily shall in the same manner have, as its Governor, a Royal Prince of our Family, or a Person of distinction, whom we shall choose from amongst our Subjects. If he be a Royal Prince, he shall likewise have with him one of our Ministers of State, who shall cor