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respond with the Offices of the Ministers and Secretaries of State residing with us, and he shall, moreover, have 2 or more Directors, to preside in those Sections of the said Offices of the Ministers and Secretaries of State which we shall think fit to leave in Sicily. If the Governor of Sicily he not a Prince of the Royal Family, he shall himself be invested with the character of our Minister and Secretary of State; he shall correspond directly with the Ministers and Secretaries of State whom we have with us, and shall have 2 or more Directors
for that purpose.
VII. These Directors, in both cases, shall be chosen indiscriminately from amongst all our Subjects, as was fixed with regard to Sicily, for the ancient Offices of Consultor, Conservator, and Secretary of the Government, whose duties will in future be performed by the said Directors.
VIII. The Law-suits of the Sicilians shall continue to be decided, even in the last resort, by the Sicilian Tribunals. There shall, in consequence, be established in Sicily a Supreme Court of Justice, which shall be superior to all the Tribunals of that Island, and independent of the Supreme Court of our States on this side of the Straits, as the latter shall be independent of Sicily, when we reside in that Island: the organization of this Court shall be regulated by a special Law.
IX. The abolition of Feudal Rights shall be maintained in Sicily, as well as in our other States on this side of the Straits.
X. We shall fix every year the portion to be borne by Sicily of the permanent Expenses of the State, and we shall regulate the manner of its application ; but this annual portion shall never exceed the sum of 1,847,687 ounces, 20 tari, which was fixed in 1813 by the Parliament as the actual Revenue of Sicily. No greater sum shall, under any circumstances, be imposed, without the consent of the Parliament.
XI. There shall be deducted every year from the said portion a sum, which shall not be less than 150,000 ounces, to be applied towards the liquidation of the Debt bearing no interest, and of the arrear of interest of the Debt which bears interest, until the entire extinction of both. When these 2 Debts shall be extinguished, this sum shall be annually employed in forming a Sinking Fund for the Public Debt of Sicily.
XU. Until the General System for the civil and judicial Goverament of our Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies shall be promulgated, all the Departments of justice and administration shall continue on the same footing as at present.
We will and ordain that the present Law, signed by us, certified by our Councillor and Minister of State for the Affairs of Grace and Justice, countersigned by our Councillor, Chancellor, and Minister Secretary of State, enrolled and preserved in our General Chancery of the Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies, be published throughout the Kingdom, with the ordinary solemnities, by the competent Authorities, who shall register the same, and see to its execution.
being, or to any other City or Town Corporate within Great Britain; or any other special privilege or exemption to which any Person or Persons, Bodies Politic or Corporate, is or are now entitled by Law, but the same shall be continued as heretofore.
V. And be it further enacted, that this Act may be altered, amended or repealed, by any Act or Acts to be passed in this Session of Parliament.
VI. And be it further enacted, that this Act shall continue in force so long as the Convention between His Majesty and the United States of America shall continue in force.
ACT of the British Parliament, to allow British Goods to be
exported direct from Great Britain to the United States of America, upon the same Terms as when exported to any
other Foreign Country.* [57 Geo. III. Cap. 58.]
(30th June, 1817.)
Whereas, by a Convention of Commerce between Great Britain and the United States of America, signed at London on the 3rd day of July, 1815, in Article the IInd,t it is provided, amongst other matters, that no higher or other Duties or Charges be imposed in either of the 2 Countries, on the exportation of any articles to His Britannic Majesty's Territories in Europe, or to the United States respectively, than such as are payable on the exportation of the like articles to any other Foreign Country: and whereas, by an Act passed in the 56th year of His present Majesty's reign, intituled “An Act to carry into effect a Convention of Commerce concluded between His Majesty and the United States of America," it is enacted that, upon the exportation from the United Kingdom of any goods, wares, or merchapdize, the growth, production, or manufacture of the said United Kingdom, or any of His Majesty's Territories in Europe, direct to any of the Territories of the United States of America, in any Ship or Vessel built in the said States, or condemned as Prize there, and being owned by Subjects of the said States, and whereof the Master and 3-4ths of the Mariners are also Subjects of the said States, no liigher or other Duties shall be paid or payable than such as are charged or imposed upon such goods, wares, or merchandize when exported in a British-built Ship or Vessel, navigated and registered according to Law: and whereas it is expedient that the said United States of America should be placed, with respect to the Duties on goods, wares, and merchandize of the produce of Great Britain exported thither, on the same footing as * Repealed by Act 59 Geo. 1II. Cap. 54. See Vol. 1818-19. Page 949.
† Sec Commercial Treaties. Vol. II. Page 387.
vernor of the said Island found himself compelled to open the Ports of the Island to Foreign Vessels, in order to afford the speediest relief of which the case would admit, and thereby to save His Majesty's Subjects residing in that Colony from the greatest extremity of distress; and whereas it is expedient that facilities should in consequence be granted to the Trade of the Island of Mauritius, for a limited time, with the view of giving still further relief to its suffering Inhabitants; His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, and by and with the advice of His Majesty's Privy Council, is pleased to order, and it is hereby ordered, that all Vessels, whether British or Foreign Vessels belonging to Countries in amity with His Majesty, arriving at any Port of the Island of Mauritius, or its Dependencies, within 12 months from the date of this present Order, from any Country in amity with His Majesty, laden with any articles the growth, production, or manufacture of any such Country excepting all articles composed of cotton, iron, steel, or wool of Foreign manufacture, shall be permitted to enter and land their Cargoes, and dispose of the same, in the said Ports; provided always, that such articles, when imported in a Foreign Ship, shall pay a Duty of 2 per cent. ad valorem, over and above what may be payable upon similar goods when imported in a British Ship.
And it is further ordered, that every such Vessel, arriving as aforesaid, shall be permitted to export a cargo, consisting of any articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of the Island of Mauritius, or its Dependencies, or of any other articles which shall have been legally imported there; and that all such articles so exported in Foreign Vessels, shall in like manver be subject to a duty of 2 per cent. ad valorem, over and above the Duties (if any) which shall be payable on similar articles when exported from the Mauritius, or its Dependencies, in British Vessels,
It is, however, hereby further ordered and declared, that no Foreign Vessel, allowed by the terins of this Order to export a Cargo froin the Island of Mauritius, or its Dependencies, shall be permitted to export such Cargo to any of His Majesty's Possessions. But that every British Vessel which shall, during the continuance of this present Order, have imported a Cargo into any Port of the said Island of Mauritius, or its Dependencies, either from the United Kingdom, or from any other Place, shall be permitted to carry back a return Cargo, consisting of the articles aforesaid, to any place whatever, either belonging to His Majesty, or to any State in amity with His Majesty.
And the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of His Majesty's Treasury, and the Lords Commissioners of the Adiniralty, are to give the necessary directions herein as to them may respectively ap. pertain.
ORDINANCE of The King of France, and Proclamation of
the French Authorities of the Island of Bourbon, relative to the Commercial Relations between Bourbon and the Island of Mauritius and its Dependencies.-1817, 1818.
(1.)-Ordonnance du Roi de France.-19 Décembre, 1817. Louis, par la Grâce de Dieu, Roi de France et de Navarre.
Vu les Instructions qui ont été transmises par le Gouvernement Auglais à l'Administration de l'Ile Maurice, le 10 Mars, 1817, concernant les relations de commerce à établir entre cette lle et celle de Bourbou.
Sur le Rapport de notre Ministre Secrétaire d'Etat de la Marine et des Colonies.
Nous avons ordonné et ordonnons ce qui suit.
Art. I. Toutes les marchandises qui auront été chargées à l'Ile Maurice, aux Séchelles et à Rodrigue, sur Bâtimens Français ou Anglais, et qui en -viendront directement, seront reçues à l'Ile de Bourbon.
Toutes les marchandises qui auront été chargées dans les Etablissements Anglais de Madagascar, sur Bâtimens Anglais, et qui en vien. dront directement, seront également reçues à l'Ile de Bourbon.
II. Ces marchandises pourront être admises à la consommation de l'Ile de Bourbon, moyennant un droit qui ne pourra excéder 8 pour cent, en sus de ceux qu'auront à payer les Articles de même nature, venant directement d'Europe, ou de l'Inde, sur Bâtimens Français.
Sont exceptés de cette disposition les sucre, café, coton, indigo, cacao, girofle et autres denrées Coloniales que produit l'Ile de Bourbon, lesquels n'y seront reçus qu'en entrepôt.
III. Les Bâtimeus Français et Anglais pourront exporter de l'Ile de Bourbon pour l'Ile Maurice, Rodrigue, et les Séchelles toute espèce de marchandises.
Toute espèce de marchandises pourront être également exportées de l'Ile de Bourbon sur Bâtimens Anglais, pour les Etablissements Anglais de Madagascar.
Les denrées Coloniales du crâ de l'Ile Bourbon ainsi exportées, payeront un droit de 8 pour cent de leur valeur, en sus de celui qu'elles auront à acquitter lorsqu'elles seront exportées de la dite Ile pour France, sur Navires Français.
IV. Les Bâtimens Anglais venant de l'Ile de Maurice, des Séchelles, de Rodrigue et des Etablissements Anglais de Madagascar, ne payeront à l'Ile de Bourbon que les mêmes droits de port auxquels sont ou seront assujettis les Bâtimens Français.
V. Nos Commandant et Cominissaire Général Ordonnateur à Bourbon prendront toutes les mesures nécessaires pour empêcher qu'il ne s'y réfugie des Déserteurs et des Criminels de l'Ile Maurice.
Nations to examine into the matter, before they passed the sentence of prolibition. We are solely to govern ourselves by the result of the Jong and tedious investigations which we have had, which is no other than a concurrence in the principle already agreed upon by the Nations most concerned in this traffic, viz., that it is in direct opposition to humanity.
Whilst this principle was but imperfectly understood, whilst its different bearings were not distinctly known, and whilst prejudice, interest, and cupidity kept it, notwithstanding its brilliant light, concealed under a thick veil, so as to prevent its rays from penetrating it, we need not be surprized at a delay, during which mankind were neither clearsighted enough to be aware of the outrages committed against nature, in its lowest state of degradation, nor capable of hearing its cries, which ought to have moved the compassion of the rest of the species, in proportion to the multitudes of their suffering Fellowcreatures.
It is, therefore, not the length of time which has been consumed by other Nations in investigating the circumstances, previously to the abolition of a traffic which has degraded the dignity of man, that ought to regulate our conduct before we adopt the same measure. Those Nations had to contend with two powerful Enemies;--Opinion, that governs all, and Interest, that overcomes all. It was a generally received notion, and which had been long entertained, that benefits were about to be conferred upon the unhappy Beings, who, at that very moment, were to be exposed to the utmost outrages.
It is not surprizing that the Nations alluded to, who have had the glory of being our Predecessors in the abolition of an abuse that had prevailed for upwards of 2 Centuries, should have been tardy in accomplishing it. No one can doubt, that such operations require time, and mature consideration, and that, in general, remedies ought to be applied, in the beginning, with a cautious hand; because, even when their efficacy is indisputable, a concurrence of extraneous circumstances often opposes itself to the activity with which it would be desirable to proceed.
The case is different with regard to Spain. To her the question is presented, after having been discussed during the course of a long examination ; the path which she has to pursue is unobstructed and open ; and she finds no longer any traces of that prejudice, which formerly, usurping almost the naine of public opinion, made Men act without remorse, inasmuch as they had not yet begun to inquire into the real character of the practice.
But, now that the state of things is totally changed, we ought to proceed in an entirely different manner. We should no longer waste our time in discussions, as these have been exhausted; we should not lay down and sanction the principle of abolition, because