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made handsome offers to Abauzit to settle in Mahomet. A man of strong character ind deEngland, but filial affection opposed his accept- termined spirit, he at first waged war against ance of them, and he returned to Geneva, where, the pretensions of his nephew ; but on being in 1726, he was made public librarian. The taken prisoner, either yielding to the ascendliterary labours of Abauzit, in number and im- ancy of that extraordinary impostor, or perportance, are not on a par with his high reputa- ceiving the advantages of compliance, he betion, which seems to have been founded on his came one of his most devoted partisans, and known great acquirements, universal informa- saved Mahomet's life at the battle of Henain. tion, great accuracy, and modest and amiable This chieftain was held in exceeding respect character, rather than on his actual productions. by the Caliphs Omar and Othman, who always He published an improved edition of Spon’s alighted to salute him. He died in the 32nd History of Geneva, with dissertation and notes; year of the Hegira ; and as his grandson Abul but his writings are chiefly theological. One Abbas became Caliph one hundred years after of the most celebrated is “ An Essay on the his death, he may be regarded as the progeniApocalypse,” which throws doubt on the ca- tor of the Abbasside dynasty.-D'Herbelot. nonical authority of that book. This essay ABBAS (Ebn Abbas Abdalla) son of the was answered, in London, by Dr Twells, to above, and cousin german to Mahomet, was whom the author sent it; and that so much to the most considerable of the doctors called his satisfaction, that he stopped an intended “ Sahabah,' or companions of the prophet. impression, although this essay is included by He is author of a commentary on the Koran.the Dutch editors in their collection of his works. lbid. Abauzit has been highly eulogised both by ABBAS (Hali, or Au EBNOL ABBAS) a Voltaire and Rousseau, being the subject of Persian physician and follower of Zoroaster, of the only panegyric which the latter ever wrote the 10th century. He wrote a book on physic, on a living person. In his religious opinions, entitled “ Almaleci,” or Royal Work, which this learned man leaned towards Socinianism, was translated into Latin by Stephen of Anor the modern Unitarian doctrine ; but he was tioch in 1127,-Friend's Hist. Med. not distinguished as a partisan. He died, uni- ABBAS I (SHAH) the Great. This celebrated versally lamented, at the advanced age of Persian sovereign was born about the year 87 years.— Hist. of Genevu. Un. Biog. 1558, and ascended the throne on the murder

ABBADIE (JAMES) a celebrated Protestant of his brother Ismael, in 1585. The character divine, born at Hay in Berne, in 1654, or as of Abbas was sanguinary, but politic and deone authority asserts, in 1658. He studied at termined. When he assumed the sovereignty, Sedan, and obtained the degree of doctor of Persia was divided into satrapcies or governdivinity ; but the wretched policy of Louis XIV ments, the kahns or heads of which were towards his Protestant subjects obliged him to nearly independent. Added to this source of repair to Holland, and subsequently to Berlin, weakness, a body of soldiery existed, similar where he became pastor of the French church, to the Prætorian guards of Rome and the Jaestablished under the patronage of the elector nizaries of Turkey-a description of troops of Brandenburgh. After the death of this always dangerous to the throne they are noprince, Abbadie returned to Holland with Mar- minally raised to protect. These, as well as shal Schomberg, and accompanying that noble- the leading families, were of the race of Kurman in the train of King William to England, chi, or Turkmans, whose interests being the was present when he fell at the battle of same, they formed a party for mutual support, the Boyne. Rendered thus by connexion a which materially weakened the royal authozealous partisan of the English revolution, he rity. Abbas commenced his reign with a dewrote warmly in defence of it, in answer to termination to crush this source of weakness, Bayle ; and after being for some time pastor of and pursued his object with great ability, but the French church in the Savoy, was promoted at the same time with all the perfidy and to the deanery of Killaloe, a preferment which cruelty which have ever characterised Eastem has not been deemed equal to his theological political expediency. In other respects, the pretensions. He died in London, in 1727, life of Abbas was very warlike, and he enmuch esteemed as a man, and admired as a larged his dominions by successful expeditions writer and preacher. His works are of course on every side. It was he who first removed chiefly theological, of which the most cele- the seat of government to Ispahan. One of brated, the “ Traité de la Vérité de la Religion the most remarkable exploits of Shah Abbas Chrétienne," bears a high character, and has was the taking of Ormuz, in the Persian gulf, been translated into English. His “ Defense from the Portuguese : in this enterprise he de la Nation Britannique" has already been was assisted by an English fleet, to which the noticed ; and he is also author of another, at place surrendered in 1622. The result of present very scarce, work, entitled “

Histoire this exploit was a commercial treaty between de la Conspiration derniere de l’Angleterre,” | Abbas and the English, that was very advanwhich was written by command of William III, tageous to the latter. A few years after this and contains all the particulars of the assas- transaction, Shah Abbas died, at the advanced sination plot. All the writings of this active age of seventy, and was succeeded by his and zealous, yet occasionally fanciful, divine, grandson Shah Sephi. In his family he disare in the French language ; but several of them played the same jealous rigour as elsewhere; have been translated. Niceron. Biog. Brit. having three sons by as many wives, the two

ABBAS, son of Abdal Mothleb, and uncle of youngest were deprived of sight, and he put

the eldest to death, in consequence of a con- have been relieved several years afterwards by spiracy in his favour, which the dutiful prince a compassionate lady to whom she sang her had himself assisted to put down. This murder misfortunes. The romantic nature of these in produced a great tumult among the people ; cidents has rendered the loves of Giaffer and and even the Shah, who excused himself on Abassa celebrated throughout the East; and the score of self-preservation, affected or felt certain amatory poetry exists in the Arabic langreat remorse, and never would wear the in-guage, which is said to have been composed by signia of royalty afterwards. It was the son the latter, and addressed to Giaffer. D'Herof this prince who succeeded him. Notwith- belot. standing the public and domestic rigour of ABBE (Louisa L') wife of a ropemaker of Abbas, he was much esteemed by his subjects, Lyons in the sixteenth century, celebrated for and his memory is held by the Persians in her personal attractions and poetical talent. great veneration. This is often the case in She was usually denominated “La Belle Cordespotic governments, where cruelty and ty: donniere ;" she was the author of several light ranny only extend to individuals or a small poems.- Nouv. Dict. Hist. circle round the court, while the general policy ABBO (CERNUUS) a monk of St. Germainis popular and beneficial. By putting down des-Pres, and author, among other things, of “ A the independent kahns, the people were bene- poetical relation of the Siege of Paris by the fitted, as also by the alliance of their sove- Normans and Danes, towards the end of the reign with European rulers, in furtherance of Ninth Century.” Abbo was an eye witness of commercial intercourse. Abbas also patron- the events which he describes, a fact that renized a rigid administration of justice between ders his work curious as a narrative, although man and man, and adorned his dominions with the poetry is miserable. It is contained in the many magnificent and useful works. As an collection of Duchesne, as well as in the “ Noueastern sovereign, politician, and conqueror, velles Annales de Paris,” by Duplessis. It has he may therefore merit the name of Great, been translated from the original Latin into which has been bestowed upon him. Craft French.- Vossius. Cave. and cruelty have not unfrequently distinguished ABBO (FLORIACENCIs) or Abbot of Fleuri, the dominating sovereigns of Europe, but in a Benedictine monk of the tenth century, highly Asia they form no small share of the art of celebrated for his learning. Abbo resided for government. Shah Abbas was a man of low some time in England, and became a great stature, with a keen aspect, small and grey favourite with King Ethelred. He was subseeyes, a high hooked nose, a pointed beardless quently employed by King Robert of France, to chin, and thick mustachoes-a characteristic negotiate with Pope Gregory V, who bad laid physiognomy.— Mod. Un. Hist.

France under an interdict; and he was killed on ABBAS II (Shan) great grandson of the his return, in 1004, in a fray originating in an above, succeeded his father Shah Sephi when attempt to restore the discipline of a monastery. only thirteen years of age. This prince has He wrote an epitome of the lives of the Popes, been made known to Europe by Tavernier and a life of St Edmund the Martyr, and various other travellers, who, in consequence of his ecclesiastical epistles.--Cave. taste for the arts, found access to him. He ABBOT (GEORGE) archbishop of Canterwas humane for an eastern sovereign, and was bury in the reign of James I and Charles I, thought to possess capacity, although obscured was born at Guildford in Surrey, in October, by his attachment to wine and women. His 1562. He was the second son of Maurice reign was signalized by nothing memorable ; but | Abbot, a clothworker, who, having suffered a reply of his, when solicited to propagate persecution for his religious opinions under the Islamism by compulsion, deserves recording. reign of Mary, naturally instilled into his chil. "The Almighty alone,” said Abbas, “ is Lord dren that aversion to popery by which the archof men's minds; and for my own part, instead of bishop was all his life distinguished. The lat. meddling with private opinion, I feel it my duty ter having passed through Guildford school, to administer justice impartially.” This was became a student at Baliol college, Oxford, and the observation of a Mahometan prince not after a rapid attainment of academical honours, many years before Louis XIV revoked the was elected master of University college, and Edict of Nantes.-Mod. Un. Hist.

three times vice-chancellor of the University ; ABBASSA, sister of the Caliph Haroun Al having in the mean time received the preferRaschid, who was betrothed by her brother to ment of dean of Winchester. His early adhis celebrated vizier Giaffer, the Barmecide, vancement has been attributed to his antibut under a strict injunction that the marriage catholic zeal, which was a recommendation in should never be consummated. The mutual the reign of Elizabeth ; but his reputation for affection of the lovers soon led to a neglect of learning doubtless much assisted his promotion, this mandate, and a son was born, whom his as he was second in the list of the eight learned parents contrived to forward to Mecca, but not men of Oxford to whom the charge of transwith so much secresy as to escape detection. lating the historical parts of the New Testament The death of the unfortunate Giaffer and seve- was intrusted. At Oxford, Dr Abbot displayed ral of his kindred, was immediately pronounced great zeal against the Arminian doctrines, and by the irascible caliph, who also turned his there commenced the hostility between him and sister, in a state of destitution, from the palace. Laud, by which their more public life was subThe unhappy princess is said to have wandered sequently distinguished. A new path to eccleabout reciting her own story in verse, and to siastical honours was soon after opened to Abbot, who accompanied the Earl of Dunbar to marriage of the Princess Elizabeth with the Scotiand, in order to effect a union between the Elector Palatine ; an union which subsequently churches uf England and Scotland, the great led to the Hanoverian succession. In the year wish of James. The success of this commis- 1621, an accident happened which occasioned sion brought him into great favour with the him much trouble and vexation. His constiking; and although, generally speaking, of an tution requiring much exercise, he occasionally unbending character, he at this time stooped followed the diversion of hunting; and unforto the usage of the court, and fed James with tunately discharging an arrow from a cross-bow extravagant adulation. The sapient monarch at a deer, in Lord Zouch's park in Leicesterwas “ zealous as David ; learned and wise; shire, the archbishop shot an attendant gamethe Solomon of the age; religious as Josias; keeper, who died of the wound. A very odious careful of spreading Christ's gospel as Con- portion of theological rancour was displayed on stantine the Great ; just as Moses ; undefiled in this occasion, every attempt being made to all his ways as a Jehosophat or Hezekias ; full of misrepresent the affair to the king; who howclemency as another Theodosius," &c. &c. In ever sensibly maintained, that an angel some other respects, Abbot also showed a more might have miscarried in this sort.” A formal slavish spirit at this time than he afterwards commission of inquiry was, notwithstanding, displayed: for instance, when asked whether a instituted ; when it was determined that there Protestant king might assist the subjects of a had been an irregularity, and that it must be neighbour labouring under tyranny and oppres- obviated, both by a pardon from the king and sion, he replied—“No: for even tyranny is by a dispensation to reinstate Abbot in his meGod's authority.” James did not absolutely tropolitan authority. Even after this purgation, yield to this reasoning, which was given in so much scruple was felt by certain candidates reference to the propriety of his interfering as a for consecration, that they obtained the king's mediator between the United Provinces and permission to receive it from the hands of sundry Spain ; but the succeeding preferments of bishops, in lieu of the archbishop. In fact, Abbot showed that it did not altogether dis- Laud and the Arminian party souglit to connect please him. In rapid succession, he became the misfortune of the archbishop with certain bishop, first of Lichfield and Coventry, then of Jewish and Papistical theories relative to homiLondon ; and in about two years afterwards, cide or chance-inedley by the priesthood, in archbishop of Canterbury, to the discomfiture order, if possible, to set him on the shelf. The of many rivals of the party opposed to him. zeal and courage of the primate were not howAs primate, Archbishop Abbot showed the ever abated by this circumstance, as he strenurigid Calvinism of his opinions with too much ously opposed the projected match between of the tyrannical religious principle and bigotted Prince Charles and the Infanta of Spain, as unspirit of the age, especially in asserting the full favourale to the Protestant interest; which prerogative of his office, in the court of high conduct did not injure him with James, whom commission, against the salutary restrictions he frequently attended during his Jast illness, which the chief justice, Sir Edward Coke, at- being present when he expired. Under the tempted to put on its oppressive jurisdiction. next reign, the current of court favour changed His Calvinistic zeal also led him to attempt to to the ecclesiastical party to which Archbishop persuade the king to remonstrate with the states- Abbot was directly opposed, and means were general against the choice of the Arminian soon found to bring him into difficulties. A Vorstius for the professor's chair at Leyden. In sermon was preached by a Dr Sibthorpe, the other respects ton he interfered with the reli- purport of which was to justify a loan that gious parties in Holland, which induced the Charles demanded. The archbishop honourremonstrants to send over the celebrated Gro- ably and conscientiously refused to obey the tius to vindicate their conduct and tenets. king's command to license the printing of this Such was the prejudice of the archbishop, that he serinon, which however received the sanction found nothing extraordinary in Grotius, whom of the Bishop of London. For this refusal, the he regarded, independentiy of his Latin elo- archbishop was suspended ; but it was soon quence, as a “ simple fellow.” In the affair of found necessary to recal him. No way daunted, the Lady Frances Howard, so infamously di. he displayed the same firmness when the Pevorced from the Earl of Essex to gratify James's tition of Right was under consideration ; he minion Somerset, Archbishop Abbot, in a gave it his decided support; and when Dr court of delegates consisting of bishops and Mainwaring was brought to the bar of the civilians, resolutely voted against the divorce, house of lords, for maintaining, in two sermons, and wrote a vindication of his conduct for so the right of the kin: to impose taxes without doing ; which, although answered by James the consent of parliament, he officially reprihimself, produced no alteration in his couduct. manded him, and declared bis abhorrence of From this time, it is thought that the king's the doctrine. With similar determination, he favour abated towards the archbishop, notwith- acted contrary to various instructions which, standing it was he who had just then intro- through the influence of Laud, were sent to the duced to James his future powerful favourite, bishops of the province; and, in short, persisted Buckingham. The latter however, so far from in the line that he deemed his duty until his serving his early patron, subsequently became death, which took place at his palace at Croyone of his most formidable opponents. The zeal don, in 1633. From the foregoing sketch, it is of Archbishop Abbot for the Protestant interest obvious that, with certain defects, originating Induced him to forward with all his might the in the bigotry and intolerance of the times

Archbishop Abbot was a firm and conscien- plausible preacher; Robert, the greater schon
tious character. It may he observed, with lar: George, the abler statesman; Robert, ike
ont partiality to either opinion, that his Calvin- deeper divine.-Fuller's Worthies. Biog. Brit.
istic tendencies were by no means remarkable ; ABBOT (MAURICE) youngest brother of
for it is obvious that the first hue produced by the archbishop, was brought up to trade,
the Reformation was of that complexion ; and, and became an eminent merchant, and one of
that during the reign of Elizabeth, and a part the first directors of the East India Company,
of that of James, many of the prelacy favoured in which capacity he displayed considerable
that more rigid view of the articles; a fact which talent. He was also one of the farmers of the
accounts for the ardent predilection of the bulk customs, and a member of the council for
of the people, as displayed in the ensuing civil settling the colony of Virginia. He served the
contests. In private life, Archbishop Abbot city as sheriff, alderman, mayor, and repre-
supported the character of an upright and wor-sentative in Parliament; and died in 1640.-
thy man ; and several instances of his liberality Biog. Br.
and munificence still exist, particularly an hos- ABBT (THOMAS) a German writer, was
pital at Guildford, on which he expended con- born at Ulm in Swabia, in the year 1738.
siderable sums during his life time. As a ge- | This extraordinary young man, when at the
neral politician, the wisdom of his counsels, as age of thirteen, wrote an ingenious treatise,
opposed to the headstrong measures of Laud, entitled “ Historia Vitæ Magistra," and studied
subsequently so fatal to the king and nation, is at the University of Halle, where he applied
exceedingly obvious, and possibly forms the himself chiefly to history and mathematics.
best reply to a recent weak attempt to depress From Halle, in 1760, he removed to the univer-
the one and exalt the other. His works are, sity of Frankfort on the Oder, and in conse-
"Six Latin Lectures on Divinity, at Oxford,” | quence of being appointed extraordinary pro-
1598, 4to. ; · Exposition of the Prophet Jo- fessor of philosophy, relinquished the study of
nah,” 4to. 1600 ; “ A Brief Description of divinity, for which he had been originally edu-
the whole World," 12mo. 1634 ; “ Treatise cated. At this place, the very centre of war,
on the Perpetual Visibility and Succession of he wrote his treatise “ On Dying for our
the True Church,” 4to. 1624; “A Narrative Country." The year following he repaired to
of the True Cause of his Disgrace and Seques- Berlin, where he formed an intimacy with the
tration at Court,” written in 1627. This is Eulers, Nicolai, and Mendelsohn, and accepted
printed in Rushworth's collection, as is his the situation of professor of mathematics at
“ History of the Massacre in the Valteline,” in Rintelen in Westphalia. At this place le
the third volume of Fox's Book of Martyrs. A wrote his treatise®“ On Merit,” to which he
few other pieces, besides letters and speeches, owed his chief celebrity. This work procured
are also to be found in various collections. him the friendship and patronage of the Prince
Biog, Brit.

of Schaumbourgh Lippe, and a lucrative and ABBOT (Robert) elder brother of the honourable employment, which unfortunately archbishop, shared in his good fortune. He he did not long enjoy, as he died at the age was matriculated at the same college, and of twenty-eight. He was splendidly interred pursued the same course of education as his by his liberal patron, who wrote himself the brother; and his talents as a popular preacher inscription on his tomb. The works of Abbt early produced him the living of Bingham in abound in thought, fancy, and spirit; and it is Nottinghamshire. He was also appointed one believed that, had he lived, he would have of the chaplains in ordinary to King James, become a leading German writer. His friend who added a commentary of his own to his Nicolai published his works in six volumes, book “ De Antichristo." In 1609, he was after his death.--- Appd. to Life of Mendelsohn. elected master of Baliol College, Oxford ;

ABDALONYMUS, a descendant of the which was favourably distinguished by his kings of Sidon, reduced to the condition of a exertions. Like the archbishop, Dr Robert husbandman at the time of the capture of that Abbot was a most zealous opponent of Popery ; city by Alexander, who promoted him to the and in a sermon before the University of Ox- throne of his ancestors. A philosophical reply ford, at which Dr Laud was present, alluded of this prince to his benefactor, has done much with extreme keenness to the secret methods more to render him celebrated than his elevaby which certain persons were attempting to tion. When Alexander asked him how he had undermine the Reformation ; an allusion so borne his adversity, Abdalonymus answered, personal to Laud, that he was under some “ Would to Heaven that I may bear my prog. doubt whether he ought not to openly resent perity so well! I then had no cares, as my own it. Dr Robert Abbot died in the year 1617, hands supplied me with all that I wanted.” being one of the five bishops who succeeded This instance of equanimity and moderation to the see of Salisbury in the course of six increased the bounty of the conqueror, who years. He wrote several commentaries on the added other provinces to his government.Scriptures, which are not published ; among Quintus Curtius. others, a Latin commentary on the whole Epistle ABDAS, a Christian bishop of Persia in the to the Romans, which remains in manu- reign of Theodosius the younger, who, inflamed script in the Bodleian Library. The published by absurd and intemperate zeal, destroyed the works of this prelate are almost altogether altar which the Persians dedicated to their re controversial. Comparing the two brothers, presentative of deity, Fire. This act of frenzy Puller observes, that George was the more produced his own destruction and a massacre

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of the Christians, as also a long and bloody | son of Berenger, an individual of noble family, war between the Persians and Theodosius the was born A.D. 1079, at Palais, near Nantes, in Younger. Bayle observes, that it is too com- the province of Britanny. His father, in the mon, in alluding to this Persian persecution, first instance, designed him for the profession which lasted thirty years, to omit all advert- of arms, but his vigorous capacity and predience to the cause of it.- Bayle. Mosheim. lection for learning altered that determination,

ABDERAME, or ABDERAHMAN, a gover- and he was allowed to follow his own inclinanor of Spain for Ischam, Caliph of the Saracens tion and dedicate himself to letters. Unhapin the eighth century, who endeavoured to ex- pily, at that dark period, when genius and tend the conquest of that people over France strength of mind were wasted on trifles, the as well as Spain. He succeeded so far as to art of verbal disputation formed the only road penetrate into the heart of the former coun- to learned eminence. After the usual gramtry, and took Bourdeaux and other towns; but matical preparation therefore, Abelard was after several victories, was killed in battle and placed under the tuition of Roscelinus, the his army routed by Charles Martel in 732. founder of the metaphysical sect of NomiThis seasonable victory, as Gibbon well ob- nalists. On leaving this master, according to serves, probably produced a great alteration the custom of the times, he visited most of in the history of Europe, and more especially the schools of the neighbouring provinces, and in that of France and Great Britain.—Buyle. at the age of twenty settled at the university Gibbon.

of Paris, and became the pupil of William de ABDIAS (of Babylon) a Christian writer of Champeaux, the most famous professor of his the first century, who pretended that he had day. Here he displayed so much eloquence been one of the companions of Jesus Christ. and dialectic skill, that he frequently foiled his He compiled a legendary work, entitled “ His- master, whose jealousy being excited, a setoria certaminis Apostolici,” which is deemed paration ensued, and Abelard gave lectures altogether spurious. It is peculiarly severe on himself, first at Melun, a town about ten St. Paul.—Cave. Dupin.

leagues from Paris, and finally in Paris itself; ABDOLLATIPH, a Persian historian, born when the rivalry between Abelard and his at Bagdad in the year 1167, who visited Egypt, former teacher was renewed, until the promoand was honoured, rewarded, and protected by tion of the latter to a bishopric ended their the Sultan Saladin and his successor. His wordy contest. So much ardent emulation and writings are very numerous, but the only one mental display began to affect his health, ar known in Europe is entitled “ Alsigar," or possibly stimulated by a little envy at the ele little book, being au abridgment of the history vation of his opponent, Abelard in his turn reof Egypt. An edition of this treatise was, solved to study theology, and removed to in 1800, published, with a Latin version and Laon, to become a pupil to Anselm. Here, as notes by Professor White, from a manuscript at the university of Paris, by his rapid acpreserved in the Bodleian Library, Oxford. - quirement, he quickly excited the jealousy of Month. Review, 1802.

his master. Returning to the metropolis, he ABEILLE (Louis Paul) a French writer was soon as much followed for his theology on agriculture, commerce, and manufacture, as his philosophy, and scholars repaired to who was born in 1719, and died in 1807. him, not only from the various parts of France, He was inspector-general of the manufactures but from Spain, Italy, Germany, Flanders, and of France before the French revolution. His England. By this time Abelard, who posprinciple works are—1.“ Corps d'Observations sessed a fine person, had attained the age of d'Agriculture, Commerce, &c. etablie par les forty, a period at which, if passions hitherto reEtats de Bretagne ;" 2. “ Principes sur la pressed break out, they obtain a greater mastery, liberté du Commerce des Grains."-Un. Biog. and are possibly less governable than at a more

ABEL (CHARLES FREDERICK) a German youthful period. Be this as it may, satiated musician, who was appointed chamber-musi- with fame and disputation, the philosopher and cian to her late majesty Queen Charlotte, in theologian suddenly became the votary of love. 1759, through the patronage of the then Duke Among other acquaintances, he highly inof York. He was the disciple of Sebastian gratiated himself with Fulbert, a wealthy canon Bach, and celebrated for his performance on of Paris, who had a beautiful and accomplished the viol di gamba. He died in 1787.Burney's niece named Heloise. With this attractive Hist. of Mus.

girl Abelard became deeply enamoured; and, ABELA (John FraNCIS) commander of the favoured by the avidity with which both uncle order of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, and niece seemed disposed for the latter to was the latest descendant of an illustrious benefit by his philosophical instructions, he family of Malta, and obtained the highest ho- soon inspired her with an ardent passion in renours of his order. Abela wrote the history of turn. His subsequent proceeding was highly his native island, under the title of “ Malta Il. deceptive and dishonourable, as he premedilustrata,” (Malta, 1747) which has been trans- tatedly exerted his influence over Fulbert, to lated from the Italian into the Latin by Seiner, become a boarder at his house, with the most and published both separately and in Grævius' indefensible views. The speedy consequence Thesaurus. It embraces the history and topo- of this blameable stratagem soon discovered graphy of Malta, together with the genealogy to the indignant uncle the deception of Abeof the most ancient families.- Nouv. Dict. Hist. lard, who immediately quitted his abode.

ABELARD or ABAILLARD (PETER) the He was secretly followed by Heloise; and she

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