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PROCLAMATION

By FIELD-MARSHAL LORD ROBERTS, Commander-in-Chief.

(DATED 8TH OCTOBER, 1900.)

'WE

HEREAS IT IS EXPEDIENT, in the interest of the Public Health, that the occurrence of all cases of infectious or contagious diseases should be notified, in order that measures may be promptly taken for preventing the spread of such diseases,

Now, therefore, I, FREDERICK SLEIGH, BARON ROBERTS OF KANDAHAR AND WATERFORD, K.P., G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., V.C., Field-Marshal, Commander-in-Chief of Her Majesty's troops in South Africa, do hereby declare, proclaim, and make known as follows:

The written notice aforesaid shall contain the full name, sex, age, race and address of the affected person, the nature of the disease, the date of its occurrence; and he shall furthermore furnish any other particulars relating to the case as may be required of him by any duly authorised officer.

Notification by

1. Every occupier of any house, building, premises, wagon, cart, or tent within the jurisdiction of any Municipality occupiers of infecor Township, on the occurrence of any case of any of the here- tious disease. inafter specified contagious or infectious diseases within the precincts of any such house, building, or premises, or in any wagon, cart or tent, shall notify the same in writing to the Magistrate or Burgomaster, or to some officer duly authorised for the purpose, within twenty-four hours of the occurrence of such case of contagious or infectious disease becoming known to him.

The notice may be delivered either by hand or through the Post Office.

Proc. No. 21 of 1900.

Preamble.

By Proc. 16 of 1901 sect. 21 sub-sec. (10), Johannesburg Municipality were empowered to make byelaws for preventing the spread of infectious disease (see p. 47 post), and by Proc. Tr. 7 of 1902 sect. 19 sub-sec. (10), Pretoria Municipality acquired such power (p. 171 post); under Ord. 58 of 1903 sect. 42 sub-sec. (15) all Municipalities have this power, and under Proc. No. 62 Admin. 1903 (Gazette, 16 Oct. 1903, p. 1010) various Urban District Boards, constituted under Ord. 58 of 1903 sect. 73, are so empowered also.

by

of infectious disease.

2. Every Medical Practitioner attending, or called Notification to upon attend, any person suffering from any of the hereinafter Medical Practitioner specified diseases shall, within twenty-four hours of becoming aware of the nature of the disease, forward to the Magistrate or Burgomaster, or to some Officer appointed for the purpose, a certificate in the form set forth in the accompanying schedule, specifying the nature of the disease from which, in his opinion. the patient is suffering.

of 1900.

Penalty for failure.

Notifiable diseases.

Fees of Medical Practitioner for notification.

3. Any occupier or Medical Practitioner, as aforesaid, negligently or wilfully concealing a case of any of the hereinafter mentioned diseases shall be liable to penalty of Five Pounds sterling.

4. For the purpose of this Proclamation the following diseases, and any other diseases which may from time to time *be proclaimed by the Governor, shall be held to be infectious or contagious diseases, viz. :

(a) Smallpox, chickenpox, and amaas.

(b) Typhus, typhoid, enteric, gastric, or typho-malarial fever.

() Malaria.

(d) Scarlet fever and scarletina.

(e) Puerperal fever and puerperal septicemia.

(f) Dysentery.

(g) Diphtheria and membraneous croup.

(h) Erysipelas.

(i) Leprosy.

5. Medical Practitioners shall be entitled to a fee of 2s. 6d. for each case notified in accordance with the terms of this Proclamation, and any Medical Practitioner can obtain a book of forms of certification on personal or written application to the Officer appointed for carrying out this Proclamation within the district in which such Medical Practitioner resides.

[SCHEDULE.]

Name of Municipality or Township

(a)

To the (b)......

I, the undersigned, a legally registered Practitioner of Medicine, hereby notify that on (a)............ 190..., I was called upon to attend aged (e)............, race (ƒ) and

(c)...........

sex (d)..........

living at (g).......

that in my opinion he is suffering from the disease known as (h).
and that the disease is probably caused by (i)....
Signed.....
Address

.190.

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(a) Insert date. (b) Name and address of Officer appointed under the Proclamation. (c) Insert full name. (d) Male or female, as the case may be. (e) Age in years; if an infant under twelve months, state age in months. (f) If race cannot be given exactly, add E. (White or European) or C. (Coloured). (g) Give fullest possible address. () Name of disease. (i) The Medical Practitioner's opinion as to the cause is very desirable, but it is optional.

*See Pr. 20 (Admn.) 1903: Gazette (12 June, 1903), page 1193, declaring Plague: Cholera: Intermittent and Relapsing Fevers to be contagious diseases.

PROCLAMATION

By FIELD-MARSHAL LORD ROBERTS, Commander-in-Chief.
(DATED 22ND OCTOBER, 1900.)
Organisation of the South African Constabulary.

WHEREAS IT IS EXPEDIENT to organise, establish, and regulate a force for the better protection of life and property in the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, to be called the "South African Constabulary

99

Now, therefore, I, FREDERICK SLEIGH, BARON ROBERTS, of KANDAHAR and WATERFORD, K.P., G.C.B., G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., V.C., Field-Marshal, Commander-in-Chief of Her Majesty's Forces in South Africa, do proclaim, declare, and make known:

1. An armed and mounted force shall be established in the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, and known as the "South African Constabulary."

of 1900.

3. The said force shall be under the command of Field Officers, to be styled Lieutenant-Colonel, and other Officers to be styled Major, Captain, and Lieutenant respectively, to be from time to time appointed as hereinafter provided; and all such Officers shall be under, and subject to, the orders and command of the Inspector-General of the said Constabulary, to whom such Field Officers shall from time to time, as occasion may require, or whenever they shall be called upon so to do by the said Inspector-General, report on the condition of the force under their command, and on all matters of importance. connected therewith, and shall consult and be guided by the advice of the said Inspector-General in respect of the subjects of such reports. It shall be competent for the InspectorGeneral to appoint one or more of the Field Officers of the Force to be Assistant Inspector-General.

Preamble.

Constitution

of

South African Constabulary.

2. The members of the said force shall be sworn before a Justice of the Peace, or Officer empowered by the Inspector- sworn in. General to administer the oath, to act as a police in and throughout the Transvaal and Orange River Colony for preserving the peace and preventing crimes, and apprehending offenders against the peace; and also as a military force for the defence of the Colonies. In addition to their ordinary duties in the Transvaal or Orange River Colony, the members of the force may be called upon to serve as a military or police force in any part of South Africa.

Members to be

Duty to serve as military or police in any part of South

Africa.

Officers.

of 1900.

Inspector-General may frame rules, &c. as to enlistment, dis

&c.

Duties of Officers.

Appointment

of

Governor.

4. The Governor, Administrator, or other person for the Field Officers by the time being responsible for the administration of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony (hereinafter called the Governor) shall, by warrant under his hand, appoint the Field Officers in the preceding section mentioned and such other Officers as he may deem expedient for the general superintendence and management of the said force, and may from time to time displace and remove such Officers and appoint others in their place as to him shall seem meet; provided that no Officer so appointed shall be promoted to any higher grade than that to which he was first nominated without passing a satisfactory examination in such subjects as the Governor shall from time to time settle and appoint, and before such examiners as the Governor shall from time to time nominate.

Powers and duties of members.

5. The Inspector-General shall from time to time make such regulations respecting the enlistment, discipline, discharge, training, arms, and accoutrements, clothing and equipment of such force, and respecting all other matters connected therewith as may be required for promoting the discipline and efficiency thereof, and shall also direct the employment and distribution of the said force, within or without the boundaries of the Transvaal or Orange River Colony, as to him shall seem meet, under the direction of the said Governor.

6. It shall be the duty of the Field and other Officers of the said force to suppress all tumults, riots, and affrays, or breaches of the peace in any part of the Transvaal or Orange River Colony where they may be on duty, and to assist in the defence of the Transvaal and Orange River Colony, and to discharge military duties in connection therewith when called upon so to do.

7. The members of the said force so sworn as aforesaid throughout the Transvaal and Orange River Colony shall have such powers and privileges and shall be liable to all such duties and responsibilities as any Police Officers or Constables may by Law have, or be liable to, and shall obey all lawful directions touching the execution of their office which they may from time to time receive from their officers.

PART II.--DISCIPLINE.

Penalties on mem

bers
rules and regula
tions.

8. Any member of the force who may be charged with the contravening offence of contravening any regulation which may be made, under and by virtue of this Proclamation, or any of the offences in the schedule hereto, may be tried by and before-1. Any of the superior Courts of Law in the Transvaal or Orange River Colony within the jurisdiction of which such offence shall have been committed. 2. The Court of the Magistrate of the district in which such offence has been committed; or 3. A Board of Officers as hereinafter mentioned. And shall, upon conviction, be liable to be punished as follows:

(1) If the conviction shall be before any of the said superior Courts such Court may sentence the offender

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