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your estate by the means that are now venience arising from the scrambling of at work. You know well that I am men to get their former proportion of teacher
this subject ; that I foresaw money. "If, indeed, he had seen the true all, foretold all, laid down every prin- cause of distress, in such a case, and ciple, described every cause and every had stated it, as I have done, a thousand effect, years ago. But your insolent times over, in my warnings to the Go: aristocratic pride would not allow you s vernment and Parliament, you might to acknowledge this; and so you endea- have quoted him with some show of vour to hatch up an authority in the reason; but, as it is, your quoting of very shallow essay of Locke, who had, Locke is just the same as saying: and could have, no kuowledge upon the “ Cobbett has told me all about it; subject, as that subject now presents it. " but, O God! is it not better to be a self to us.
beggar, than to acknowledge myself Locke is in error ; his doctrine is "' to have been taught by him"! Yes, false ; and his reasoning on it is non- it is, Western : be a beggar, for God's
His doctrine is this : that sake! And, in company with the far LESSENING of the quantity of money in greater part of your brothers of the a country must always produce distress. wise Collective, be sport, be a subject And why? Because all those who were of laughter and of mockery for before in the habit of having certain
W». COBBETT. quantities of money in their hands, are all striving to get out of the lessened quantity as much as they got out of the
NORTHERN TOUR. larger quantity. What poor unmeaning stuff is this? What a REASON is this for
Leeds, 26th Jan. 1830, the distress arising out of a lessened
Night, quantity of money!
On Monday, the 18th, I went to HudIf one-half, or any other proportion, dersfield, where my friends had met of the money of a country, were annihi- with great difficulty in providing a suit, lated to-night, for instance; if, to put able place. They at last got a room, the case plain, the money were nothing which was well filled, and yielded me but sovereigns; and, in the morning, much more money than I either expected we were to find all the sovereigns turn or wished. From Huddersfield, I proed into shillings; what injury or in- ceeded to Dewsbury on the 19th, where convenience would that produce? The I lectured in a school-room to about shilling would purchase just as much as four or five hundred persons. This is a the sovereign did before. No valuable very public-spirited and excellent town, thing would become less valuable. Not My reception was of the most gratifying the smallest disturbance would there be kind, by all ranks and degrees of the in the pecuniary affairs of any part of people. I soon found myself surrounded the community. No injustice would be at the inn, by some of the most opulent done to any man. What does the old men in the town, whose kind and hospitax-eating Whig mean, then, by his chil- table treatment will never be effaced dren under the “ too-sınall cover let”! from my recollection, The coverlet would not be diminished On the 20th I came on to Leeds; and, in effecl.
after having stopped a little while to "O yes," you will say, "for all speak with my friend Mr, Foster, of the “ debtors, or mortgagors, all payers of Patriot newspaper; my old and firm "annuitants, all tax-payers, would, in friend, Mr. Mann, the bookseller; Mr. “ virtue of their contracts, or of the Heaps, and some other friends, we pro“ tax laws, be compelled to pay in sove- ceeded on to Sir William Ingilby's, at " reigns, and must, therefore, be ruin- Ripley Castle, which very beautiful "ed." Very true ; bụt your tax-eating place, and still more beautiful village, Whig says not a word about this sort of are situated on the Glasgow mail
road, effect : be only talks about the incon- twenty miles to the north of Leeds, Here I found myself at the most north- quantity of snow. From Leeds to ernly point that I had ever been in my Ripley we went in a heavy snow-storm, whole life; for the most northernly at and were compelled to take four horses which I had ever been in Ainęrica, was on account of the heaviness of the road. far nearer to the south, several degrees The snow had fallen so fast, and the nearer to the south, than any part of drift had been so great and the night Devonshire. Our reception and treat was so dark, that the post-boys got out ment by this member for the county of of the road on the edge of a moor, just Lincoln, was indeed, such as I expected; on this side Harrogate; and we were such indeed, as I was worthy of, from within a very few inches of being over, an English gentleman of great good set; but we got out of the carriage, sense; great knowledge of the world, and assisted the post-boys, and arrived and perfect independence. There are at Ripley a little before eight o'clock. yet some scores of such men left; and while I was standing out in the snow, I the only wonder with me is that they really began to blame myself for having should suffer their estates to be frittered so frequently jeered poor Burdett for away by bands of loan-mongers, Jews, having skulked from a Westminster and greedy reptiles, by whom they suffer meeting, on the ground of not daring to themselves to be plundered. However, encounter a “heavy fall of snow." if they continue obstinately to support The part of Yorkshire between Leeds those bands, and set at defiance the rea- and Ripley is a farming country. About sonable prayers of the people, it is just ten miles of the road goes through the that they should suffer, and suffer they estate of Lascelles, who is now called Lord most assuredly will. They will be Harewood, from a village which lies in stripped of their all, by little and little, nearly the middle of the estate. The and the common people will get their history of this family of Lascelles would rights in spite of them,
be truly entertaining if one had the time I have just returned from the theatre to give it. I know them, however, only in this fine and opulent town, which may as the thorough-going supporters of Pitt be called the London of Yorkshire, and and his successors in all those measures in which I have been received with an which have brought the nation into its enthusiasm which I should in vain en present state : but I ought not to omit deavour to describe. Here, as in all to observe, with regard to the present other places, there prevails theatrical Lord, that he manfully opposed the vile distress to an exceeding degree; but I dead-body bill, which was thrown out have filled, and over-filled, the whole by the Lords in the last session of Parhouse, pit, boxes and galleries. Here, liament. His lordship opposed it, too, particularly, I have made a point of ex- upon the right ground; namely, that posing all the nonsense about the dis- the Parliament had no more right to. tress having arisen from the Corn Bill, pass a law to sell the dead bodies of the from the East India monopoly, as it is people, than they had a right to pass a called, and from the other causes hatch-law to sell their live bodies. ed by the Ministers and the Parliament, To-morrow morning we set off for and by the various silly projectors, who Sheffield, where I shall lecture to-mora seem willing to alandon even their own row and the next day, unless my cold souls, rather than abandon the vile sys: should increase. I have strong invitas tem of loans and jobs and paper-money. tions to stop at Wakefield, and at Barns,
I was glad to have a rest of three days ley; but if I go to those places, it must at Ripley, having caught a cold at Hud- be after I have been at Sheffield. It dersfield, whi however has continued, will be with great reluctance that I though it has not been severe enough shall miss those towns, but I am afraid to prevent me from giving these three that it will be inevitable. Froin Sheffield lectures at Leeds,
I go to Nottingham, a place that I have The weather has been almost inces- always wanted to see. Thence I will, sagt hard frost, with a considerable if I can, proceed to Leicester, and then to Wolverhampton, and then hasten I reckon to be at Nottingham on Sunback to London, without attempting, at day the 31st, or before. If I quit it on this trip, to stop at any other place. the 3d, I shall be at Leicester on the
At Birmingham I shall not, I think, 4th, at Wolverhampton on the 6th, and attempt to stop this time. This is the in London on the 8th of February. only place where I have met with any impediment as to a place for lecturing When there before, the theatre could NORFOLK COUNTY MEETING. : not be had, because Mr. Lewis, the lessee, was not present to give his con- This meeting appears to have been, sent, he being with his company at through the tricks and intrigues of the
el Liverpool. Having written from Liver- Whigs, rendered a mere despicable pool that Mr. Lewis had given his con- farce. Resolutions were proposed by the sent, my Birmingham correspondent Whigs : it was proposed to amend them informs me, that the proprietors of the by resolutions brought forward by the theatre (who had referred us to Mr. Tories, as they are called. The Sheriff Lewis), having had Mr. Lewis's con- put the ayes upon both, and the negasent announced to them, REFUSED tive upon neither ; and then he det TO GIVE THEIR CONSENT! Be- mined that the Whig resolutions had the sides the theatre, there was only one majority. Sir Thomas Beevor, in a place sufficiently large ; namely, a re- speech which contained more sense than pository, owned by a Mr. Beardsworth, those of all the other speakers put toof which he had freely given the use for gether, had declared his intention of the delivery of the speeches of Mr. Att- moving another resolution if Mr.Wodewood ; but the use of which he would house's were rejected, or rather, as soon not consent to give to me. This was as it had been disposed of; but as soon the place where I meant to take the as the Sheriff had determined that the bull by the horns, and this was the place Whig resolutions had been carried, the where the bull.keepers seem to have Sheriff bolted; Sir Thomas Beevor was been determined, that I should have no deprived of an opportunity of moving opportunity of doing it. I clearly un- his amendment, and, indeed, there apderstand the real cause of the impedi- pears to have been no petition adopted ments ; and the people of Birmingham at all. The last resolution of the Whigs will understand it too. I hear of a was, that a petition should be immegrand scheme there for setting on foot diately prepared, founded on the resoluan association to obtain Parliamentary tions; but no such petition was ever Reform ; and that, too, by persons who put to the meeting by the Sheriff. It is abused the reformers as much as any pretended,
that there was
a motion persons in this kingdom, and who have made and carried in the confusion, relaalways set their faces against a reductive to the petition; and this is what is tion of the expenditure. Give these to be palmed upon the country. The persons the base paper-money back reporter of the Morning Chronicle has again; give them but eternal deprecia- this remark : “ We are requested by a tion; give them iron at ten pounds a ton" member of the committee of requisiinstead of fifty shillings; give them but“ tionists to state, that during the conthese, with liberty to take five per cent. “ fusion, after the passing of Mr. Bulfor the loan of mere hits of paper, and“ wer's resolutions, a motion was profrom them you will never hear another posed and carried relative to a petition. word about Parliamentary Reform. 1" All that we can say is, that we were know all their motives ; the people of “ within a yard of the chairman, and Birmingham ought to know them too ; “ heard nothing of it." and if any of my friends there can find Thus, then, the Old Daddy and his a proper place at any future day, I will crew are going to palm upon the counthen go thither, and do that which I try a petition never agreed to by the now should have done.
meeting. They did not dare suffer Sir
Thomas Beevor's petition to be put : “ Richard England, Esq.
" Andrew FOUNTAINE, Sheriff.
place at the Shire-hall, a considerable
precincts and avenues of that building,
shortly after eleven o'clock. The arOn Saturday, the freeholders, and other rangement for admission, however, was inhabitants of this county, were called to most miserable: a few favoured indivigether to agree to a petition to Parlia- duals were allowed to slip in at private ment on the subject of the malt tax. doors by stealth, and so to obtain the
gave an account of a similar meet- best seats in the court, while immense ing of the county of Lincoln last week, numbers of the most respectable freewhere a petition for the repeal of the holders not only had to kick their heels malt and beer taxes was agreed to. for nearly an hour in the avenues or the Similar petitions in various hundreds of open air, but likewise had the satisfacthe county of Norfolk, have already tion of being sneered and laughed at been got up; and a few weeks ago, it by the Sheriffs' javelin-men-a set of was wished by upwards of sixty gentle respectables, who, on the strength of men of the county, that the High Sheriff their red velveteen breeches, their top should be called upon to summon a boots, and their imitation spears, thought meeting of the whole county.
themselves“ gods indeed.” The following is the requisition on At a little after twelve o'clock, the which the meeting was called :- doors being thrown open, the Crown
" To the High Sheriff of the County Court in the Shire-hall was crowded to of Norfolk. Sir, we the undersigned excess. The High Sheriff, on entering Freeholders, and others, of the County the court, was received with applause; of Norfolk, request that you will con- and having taken the chair, the busivenie a County Meeting, for the purpose ness of the day commenced. of taking into consideration the pro. Among the noblemen and gentlemen priety of presenting a Petition to Par- present, we observed Lord Suffield, Lord liament for the Repeal of the Malt Charles Townshend, Sir Thomas BecSigned by
vor, Mr. Coke, Mr. Wodehouse (the "The Right Hon. Lord J. Townshend. two Members for the county), Mr. BulThomas Trench Berney, Esq. wer, Mr. Postle, Colonel Harvey, ArchW.E.L. Bulwer, Esq.
deacon Bathurst, Mr. Palmer, &c. There Thomas H. Batcheler, Esq.
were upwards of 1,500 persons present. Rev.J. W. Flavell, Henry Blyth, Esq. The High Sheriff said, that having John Culley, Esq.
received a requisition, most respectably Gwya Etheridge, Esq.
signed, to call a county meeting on the Thomas Tuck, Esq.
subject of the malt tax, he had obeyed
the call of the gentlemen who had sinking into the listless and unprofitable signed it, and he trusted that the pro- pauper, without feeling in all its force that ceedings of the day would be conducted whatever encouraged their industry was in such a manner as to reflect credit on a matter of no small importance to the the-county
public and the Legislature. (Applause.) Mr.W.E. L. BULWER rose to address He believed it was the opinion of some the meeting. He said, that as to there that the meeting ought to take into conbeing great distress in the country, there sideration in what manner the Govern. could be no question; and however gen- ment could best spare the amount of tlemen might differ as to the cause, he the malt tax, and that they should back thought that they must at all events their petition with pointing out the agree that the object which the requi- means of replacing the deficiency that sitionists had in view would be one mode would be occasioned. With this opiof relieving the public from the bur- nion he did not agree. (Cheers.) He dens under which they were labouring: did not think that a public meeting was (Hear, hear). It was on this ground called upon to exercise legislative disa that they had been called upon to meet cretion; it was enough for them to to petition the Parliament for a repeal know that there was a grievance, and to of the tax upon malt, a tax which was pray for its redress. (Hear, hear.) It highly obnoxious to the labouring classes would then remain with the Governof the community both in its effect and ment to see in what manner such redress its principle ; but besides this, it was a could best be effected, and what finan. tax which might be said to fall heavily cial arrangements were necessary to on the whole of the community, for it afford the relief required. All that the affected both the producer and the con- meeting could claim was, that the Misumer. (Hear, hear.) The impolicy of nistry should make all possible retrenchthe malt tax was observable in the con- ment. (Cheers.) 'These were the best sequences with which it was attended ; financial arrangements they could proand on this point it might be said, that pose, and the best rule for the Governthe duty itself was the least of its evils; ment to follow in the execution of its the restrictions upon the trade were so duty. Regarding the proposed repeal numerous, that, as far as regarded the (as he did, as the probable means of poor, they amounted to an absolute pro- bettering the lower orders of the people, hibition, so that those who most needed he thought that it was a subject which the article were absolutely excluded went far beyond the question of revenue. from it. (Applause.) Many indirect ad- He considered it to be a subject prego vantages would he derived to the public nant with great moral consequences; from the removal of the malt tax; the and whatever way the Government might , consequence of the price being lowered view it ; whether merely as a tax, or as would be, that double the quantity would something much beyond, he trusted that be consumed; the result of which would they would at least afford the question be not only that that which was grown their most serious attention. (Cheers.) at home would find a ready and brisk Mr. Bulwer concluded by moving the sale, but that a considerable quantity following resolutions : would be imported, by which the manu- “1. That this meeting, in common with facturers would be able to get rid of the inhabitants of every District in the their goods in exchange. (Hear, hear.) United Kingdom, feels and laments the The principal advantage, however, of general distress which pervades almost such a repeal would aecrue to the la- every class of the coinmunity. bourer and the industrious poor of the “ 2. That both the cultivators of country; and that would be no small land, and the manufacturers of goods, advantage. No one could see with in- are placed in such circumstances as to difference the state in which that class be no longer able to dispose of their of persons was now placed. No person respective productions to advantage; could see with indifference the labourer and in proportion as their means dimi