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all tell you they do not sell half so many |ral effects of its own measures, it knockgoods as they used to sell; and, of ed down the country bankers, in direct course, the manufacturers must suffer violation of the law in 1822. It is now in the like degree. There is a diminu. about to lay its heavy hand on the big tion and deterioration, every one says, in brewers and the publicans, in order to the stocks upon the farms. Sheep. pacify the call for a reduction of taxes, washing is a sort of business in this and with the hope of preventing such country; and I heard at Boston, that reduction in reality. It is making a the sheep-washers say, that there is a trilling attempt to save the West Indians gradual falling off in point of the num- from total ruin, and the West India colobers of sheep washed.
nies from revolt; but by that same The farmers are all gradually sinking attempt, it reflects injury on the British in point of property. The very rich distillers, and on the growers of barley. ones do not feel that ruin is absolutely Thus it cannot do justice without doing approaching ; but they are all alarmed; injustice; it cannot do good without and, as to the poorer ones, they are fast doing evil; and thus it must continue falling into the rank of paupers. When to do, until it take off, in reality, more I was at Ely, a gentleman who appear-than one half of the taxes. ed to be a great farmer, told me in pre- One of the great signs of the poverty sence of fifty farmers, at the White Hart of people in the middle rank of life, is inn, that lie had seen that morning, the falling off of the audiences at the three men cracking stones on the road playhouses. There is a playhouse in as paupers of the parish of Wilbarton; almost every country town, where the and that all these men had been overseers players used to act occasionally; and of the poor of that same parish within in large towns almost always. In some the lasi seven years. Wheat keeps up places they have of late abandoned actin price to about an average of seven ing altogether. In others they have shillings a bushel ; which is owing to acted, very frequently, to not more than our two successive bad harvests; but ten or twelve persons. At Norwich, the fat beef and pork are at a very low price, playhouse had been shut up for a long and mutton not much better. The beef time. I heard of one manager who has was selling at Lynn, for five shillings become a porter to a warehouse, and the stone of fourteen pounds, and the his company dispersed. In most places, pork at four and sixpence. The wool the insides of the buildings seem to be (one of the great articles of produce in tumbling to pieces ; and the curtains these countries) selling for less than half and scenes that they let down), seem to of its former price. And here let me be abandoned to the damp and the cobstop to observe, that I was well inform- webs. My appearance on the boards ed before I left London, that merchants seemed to give new life to the drama. were exporting our long wool to France, I was, until the birth of my third son, where it paid thirly per cent. duly. a constant haunter of the playhouse, in Well, say the land owners, but we have which I took great delight; but when to thank Huskisson for this, at any rate; he came into the world, I said, “ Now, and that is true enongh; for the law “ Nancy, it is time for us to leave off was most rigid against the export of “ going to the play.” It is really mewool; but what will the manufacturers lancholy to look at things now, and to say? Thus the collective goes on, think of things then. I feel great sorsmashing one class and then another; row on account of these poor players ; and, resolved to adhere to the taxes, it for, though they are made the tools of knocks away, one after another, the the Government and the corporations props of the system itself. By every and the parsons, it is not their fault, and measure that it adopts for the sake of they have uniformly, whenever I have obtaining security, or of affording relief come in contact with them, been very to the people, it does some act of crying civil to me. I am not sorry that they injustice. To save itself from the natu- are left out of the list of vayrants in the
nero acl; but, in this case, aś in so implements of husbandry,“ an excellent many others, the men have to be grate-1“ fire-engine, several steel traps, and ful to the romen; for who believes that “ spring guns”! And that is the life, is this merciful omission would have taken it
, of an English farmer? I walked on place, if so many of the peers had not about six miles of the road from Hol. contracted matrimonial alliances with beach to Boston. I have before obplayers ; if so many playeresses had not served upon the inexhaustible riches become peeresses. We may thank God of this land. At the end of about five for disposing the hearts of our law- miles and three quarters, I came to a inakers to be guilty of the same sins public-house, and thought I would get and foibles as ourselves; for when a some breakfast ; but the poor woman, bishop had committed nameless with a tribe of children about her, had offence, and a lord had been sentenced not a morsel of either meat or bread! to the pillory, the use of that ancient At a house called an inn, a little farther mode of punishing offences was abo- on, the landlord had no meat except a lished : when a lord (Castlereagu), little bit of chine of bacon; and though who was also a minister of state, had there were a good many houses near the cut his own throat, the degrading spot, the landlore told me that the peopunishment of burial in cross-roads was ple were become so poor, that the butchabolished; and now, when so many peers ers had left off killing meat in the neighand great men have taken to wife play- bourhood. Just the state of things that actresses, which the law termed vagrants, existed in France on the eve of the Rethat term, as applied to the children of volution. On that very spot I looked Melpomene and Thalia, is abolished ! round me, and counted more than two Laud we the Gods, that our rulers can- thousand fut sheep in the pastures ! not, after all, divest themselves of flesh How long ; how long, good God! is and blood! For the Lord have mercy this state of things to last ? How long upon us, if their great souls were once will these people starve in the midst of to soar above that tenement !
plenty ? Ilow long will fire engines, Lord Stanhope cautioned his brother steel traps, and spring guns he, in such peers, a little while ago, against the a state of things, a protection to properangry feeling which was rising up in the ty? When I was at Beverley, a genpoor against the rich. His Lordship is tleman told me, it was Mr. Dawsor of a wise and humane man, and this is that place, that some time before a farevident from all his conduct. Nor is mer had been sold up by his landlord ; this angry feeling confined to the coun- and that, in a few weeks afterwards, the ties in the south, where the rage of the farm house was on fire, and that when people, from the very nature of the local the servants of the landlord arrived to circumstances, is more formidable; put it out, they found the handle of the woods and coppices and dingles and pump taken away, and that the homebye-lanes and sticks and stones ever at stead was totally destroyed. This was hand, being resources unknown in coun- told me in the presence of several genties like this. When I was at St. Ives, tlemen, who all spoke of it as a fact of in Huntingdonshire, an open country, 1 perfect notoriety. sat with the farmers, and sinoked a pipe Another respect in which our situation by way of preparation for evening ser- so exactly resembles that of France on vice, which I performed on a carpenter's the eve of the Revolution, is, the faceing bench in a wheelwright's shop; my from the country in every direction. friends, the players, never having gained When I was in Norfolk, there were four any regular settlement in that grand hundred persons, generally young men, márt for four-legged fat meat, coming labourers, carpenters, wheelwrights, from the Fens, and bound to the Wen. millwrights, smiths, and bricklayers ; While we were sitting, a hand-bill was most of them with some money, and handed round the table, advertising some farmers and others with good farming stock for sale ; and amongst the round sums. These people were going to Quebec, in timber ships, and from is seventy years of age; but who takes Quebec, by land, into the United States. out five sons and fifteen hundred pounds! They had been told that they would Brave and sensible old man ! and good not be suffered to land in the United and affectionate father! He is performing States from on board of ship. The a truly parental and sacred duty; and he roguish villains had deceived them : will die with the blessing of his sons on but no matter ; they will get into the his bead, for having rescued them from United States; and going through Ca- this scene of slavery, misery, cruelty, nada will do them good, for it will and crime. Come; then, Wilmor Horteach them to detest every thing belong-ton, with your sensible associates, Buring to it. From Boston, two great barge dert and Paulet Thompson; come loads had just gone off by canal, to into Lincolnshire, Norfolk, and YorkLiverpool, most of them farmers; all shire; come and bring Parson Malthus carrying some money, and some as along with you; regale your sight with much as two thousand pounds each. this delightful stream of emigration”; From the North and West Riding of York- congratulate the “ greatest captain of shire, numerous wagons have gone car- the age," and your brethren of the Colrying people to the canals, leading to lective; congratulate the " noblest asLiverpool ; and a gentleman, whom 1 sembly of free men," on these the happy saw at Peterboro', told me that he saw effects of their measures.
Oh! no, some of them; and that the men all Wilmot! Oh! no, generous and senappeared to be respectable farmers. At sible Burnett, it is not the aged, the Hull, the scene would delight the eyes infirm, the halt, the blind, and the idiots, of the wise Burdett; for here the emi- that go : it is the youth, the strength, gration is going on in the “ OLD RO- the wealth, and the spirit, that will no MAN PLAN." Ten large ships have longer brook hunger and thirst, in order gone this spring, laden with these fugi- that the maws of tax-eaters and Jews tives, from the fangs of taxation ; some may be crammed. You want the Irish bound direct to ports of the United to go, and so they will at onr expense, States; others, like those at Yarmouth, and all the bad of them, to be kept at for Quebec. Those that have most our expense on the rocks and swamps money, go direct to the United States of Nova Scotia and Canada. You have The single men, who are taken for a no money to send them away with : the mere trille in the Canada ships, go that tax-eaters want it all; and, thanks to way, having nothing but their carcasses the “ improvements of the age,” the to carry over the rocks and swamps, steam-boats will continue to bring and through the myriads of place-men them in shoals in pursuit of the orts of and pensioners in that irriserable region ; the food, that their task-masters have there are about fifteen more ships going taken away from them. from this one port this spring. The After evening lecture, at Horncastle, ships are fitted up with berths as trans- a very decent farmer came to me and ports for the carrying of troops. I asked me about America, telling me went on board one morning, and saw that he was resolved to go, for that, if the people putting their things on board he staid much longer, he should not and stowing them away. Seeing a nice have a shilling to go with. I promised young woman, with a little baby in her to send him a letter from Louth to a arms, I told her that she was going to friend at New York, who might be usea country where she would be sure that ful to him there, and give him good adher children would never want victuals; vice. I forgot it at Louth; but I will where she might make her own malt, do it before I go to bed. From the soap, and candles, without being half Thames, and from the several ports down put to death for it, and where the blas- the Channel, about two thousand have pheming Jews would not have a mort- gone this spring. All the flower of the gage on the life's labour of her children. Tabourers of the east of Sussex and west There is at Hull one farmer going who of Kent will be culled out and sent off in a short time. From Glasgow the get away. Every one that goes will sensible Scotch are pouring out amain. take twenty after him; and thus it will Those that are poor and cannot pay their go on. There can be vo interruption passages, or can rake together only a hut WAR; and war the THING dares trifle, are going to a rascally heap of not have. As to France or the Nethersand and rock and swamp, called Prince land:, or any part of that hell called Edward's Island, in the horrible Gulph Germany, Englishmen can never settle of St. Lawrence; but when the Ameri- there. The United States form another can vessels come over with Indian corn England without its unbearable taxes, and flour and pork and beef and poultry its insolent game-laws, its intolerable and eggs and butter and cabbages and dead-weight, and its tread-inills. green pease and asparagus for the soldierofficers and other tax-eaters, that we support upon that lump of worthless
ADVICE TO EMIGRANTS. . ness; for the lump itself bears nothing but potatoes; when these vessels come, I do not mean the poor foolish and which they are continually doing, winter base creatures who go to Swan River and summer; towards the fall, with and Botany Bay, though they are not apples and pears and melons and cu- quite so foolish and so base as those cumbers; and, in short, everlastingly who go to Nova Scotia and Canada. I coming and taking away the amount of niean those who go to the United States. taxes raised in England; when these My little book called the “ EMIvessels return, the sensible Scotch will GRANT'S GUIDE” contains full ingo back in them for a dollar a head, structions for every body, from the gentill at last not a man of them will be tleman down to the day-labourer ; but left but the bed-ridden. Those villan- I have had sent to me an emigration ous colonies are held for no earthly prospectus for an association to emigrate purpose but that of furnishing a to a part of America, called Michigan; pretence of giving money to the and the associators are directed to apply relations and dependents of the aristo- to Mr. EDWARD ELLERBY, No. 8, Feacracy; and they are the nicest channels therstone Buildings, High Holborn. in the world through which to send The associators are to have amongst English taxes to enrich and strengthen them two hundred and sixteen shares, the United States. Withdraw the Eng- of one hundred pounds each ; to pay lish taxes, and, except in a small part five pounds at the time of subscribing, in Canada, the whole of those horrible and twenty-five pounds more on each regions would be left to the bears and share, previous to embarkation. There the savages in the course of a year. is a plan given of what is to be done in
This emigration is a famous blow this wilderness, and a very pretty story given to the boroughmongers. The is told. Let me beseech those who inway to New York is now as well known tend to emigrate, to recollect the fate of and as easy, and as little expensive as poor Birkbeck and his colony. Let from old York to London. First, the me beseech them to shun all these Sussex parishes sent their paupers ; schemes, and all associations for going they invited over others that were not into woods, as they would shun the paupers ; they invited over people of running of their heads into a fire ; they some property; then persons of greater will lose their money and will die in property; now substantial farmers are despair. Let no man indulge the visiongoing; men of considerable fortune ary idea of forming a society of Englishwill follow. It is the letters written men. Let every man proceed upon his across the Atlantic that do the business. owu bottom, look out for himself, mix Men of fortune will soon discover, that amongst the people of the country, ask to secure to their families their fortunes, their acivice, and follow their example in and to take these out of the grasp of transacting their business in the various the inexorable tax-gatherer, they must walks of life. For God's sake, and for
your wives' and children's sake, if you ance, and unceasing toil, would have have any, have nothing to do with asso- cost them some absence from bed, some ciations, with plans, with shares, and absence from the bottle, and some apwith uncultivated woods. Go to coun- plication of the mind far beyond what tries already settled, and you are sure ihey had to bestow; yes, it was the to do well, if you be sober and indus- worse for the wet season ; but was not trious.
the wheat crop the worse for the wet WM. COBBETT. I also ? Was not the barley the worse?
Are we not eating worse bread every day
on account of the baddess of last year's COBBETT'S CORN. wheat crop; and is there any good malt
ing barley, or much good seed in the Tur time is fast approaching when kingdom, of last year's growth? These this crop ought to be in the ground; are notorious facts. But the last for in the beginning of May it should wet summer clenched the nail ; it make its appearance. The frosts seem to not only proved that my corn will be pretty nearly over. We have had the ripen in England in the very worst winter, and we have also had the black- of summers, but it provel that other thorn winter, which never fails to come corn than mine will not ripen in the same about the time when the plum blossoms summer; for there were seedsmen make their appearance. The two winters about the country to dupe their customover, we need not fear now any more ers by selling, as mine, any corn that than trilling and stragyling white frosts; they had in their shops; and there were but even these, coming upon the succu- not wanting grudging dogs to dupe lent and tender first leaf of corn, will, if themselves by buying and sowing any repeated two or three nights, turn it corn that they could get; rather than yellow, and cause it to remain stagnate mine, in the fond and amiable hope of for a fortnight at least, unless weather proving me to be a quack; for these, exceedingly favourable come to its help having found that my corn really did and rescue it. I would, therefore, not ripen, being compelled to admit the fact, sow till the end of this month. I would then swung round upon the other tack, certainly have a sowing as late as the left all their former lies in the lurch, and first of May. This last may be the swore (as gentle Anna Brodie did) that earliest harvested. We have, at any “ Indian corn had ripened in England rate, the beginning of a finer season “these twenty years”! I congratu. than the last was ; but, come what will, late them on their complete failure. a worse we cannot have. And I am in Mr. Hallett has been so kind as to great hopes that this summer, in spite afford me the completest proof possible of the disheartening effects of the last of the relative excellence of my corn. to many growers, will see some hun- He has sent me, fastened to a piece of dreds of acres covered with this ex- pasteboard, two ears, one of “Cobbett's cellent and abundant crop. The last corn," the seed of which he bought at season did one good thing for me; my shop, and the other of some other it proved that my corn would ripen in sort, the seed of which was given to the very worst summer within the me- him by “an eminent seedsman.” The mory of man, for I, and innumerable first is a little plump ear of well-ripened others, had crops of it that ripened. corn as I ever saw; the other is a long "But it was the worse for the wet sea- thin brown cob, not having the semson,” say the malignant, the envious, blance of grain on it. They were both the unenterprising and the stupid grown in the same garden, in Hampwretches, who would have been overjoy- shire, within four feet of one another, ed to find out that good had not hap- and treated in the same manner. These pened to their country, merely because may be seen in the window of my shop that good must have been attributed to in Fleet Street. me; to emulate whose care, persever
In the Island of Jersey, great pro