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CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

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Subject

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1931 Mar. 14

758

From the Chinese Legation

Information that the Foreign Ministry is unable to enter
into a discussion of points raised in the Chinese statement of
February 20 and would like to see the negotiations completed
in Washington.
To the Minister in China (tel.)

Instructions to withhold issuance of the consular circular
referred to in Department's No. 92, March 9, or to phrase it so
as to avoid a possible interpretation of criticism of Consul
Stevens' efforts at Yunnan.
To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)

Mar. 16

(103)

759

Mar. 16

759

(1:4) | Tortor the Minister arransmiktaOleChinese Legation's memo

randum of March 14, with instructions to proceed as outlined
in Department's telegram No. 12 of March 14, and to report
what transpires upon the delivery to Dr. Wang of Depart-
ment's statement of March 11.

the Ambassador in Great Britain

Mar. 16

759

07:1). To uel inimba instructions sentricaina mpson by his Government

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and of Department's instructions to the Minister in China;
information that the American Minister is to act in close coop-

eration but independently of British negotiators. Mar. 17 | From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal, with comments, of the possible wording of certain articles_(texts printed) worked out by Lampson and Wang and by Teichman and Hsu Mo. Request for Depart

ment's comments on the texts.
Mar. 19 Memorandum by the Minister in China of a Conversation With

the Chinese Minister for Foreign Affairs
Report of the delivery of Department's statement of March
11 to Dr. Wang, who stated that the transfer of negotiations
to China would not change China's stand on the three main
principles, that China had never accepted gradual relinquish-
ment as a basis for negotiation but was ready to discuss the

various legal guarantees.
Mar. 21 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
(81) Transmittal of an informal letter from the British Foreign

Office (text printed) indicating Lampson's unexpectedly rapid

progress in the negotiations. Mar. 21 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.) (15) For the Minister: Department's comments on the tentative

texts quoted in the Minister's telegram of March 17.
Mar. 24 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)
(16) For the Minister: Transmittal of information received from

British Foreign Office on progress of British negotiations; advice
regarding Department's discussions with the Chinese Minister,
Dr. Wu. Department's desire (1) to avoid commitment, (2) to
give the Chinese no opportunity for declaring a deadlock, and

(3) to inject no factor to complicate the British negotiations. Mar, 27 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Report of Lampson's progress in the negotiations and his desire to discover how many of the legal guarantees can be disposed of before proceeding to more vital questions.

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CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

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1931 Mar. 28 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of additional drafts (texts printed) tentatively agreed upon by the British Minister and the Chinese Foreign

Minister in their latest conversation. Mar. 28 | From the Minister in China (tel.)

Comments on the tentative drafts transmitted earlier in the day (supra); information that texts have been sent to the British Foreign Office for comment and approval, and that they

are, with the exceptions indicated, acceptable to the Chinese. Mar. 30 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with Lampson, who related a discussion with
Dr. Wang concerning the more vital principles of the negotia-
tions.
From

Opinion of the Minister and Lampson that the latter's con-
versation with Wang will lead Wang to try to obtain new in-
structions likely to bear fruit quickly; opinion of the Minister
also that any efforts on his part to begin conversations at

present might lead to a postponement of action. Mar. 30 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information from Foreign Minister that Dr. Wu has been informed of the Wang-Lampson negotiations and has been in

structed to press negotiations in Washington. Mar. 31 | From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that Lampson has been informed of material reported in telegram of March 30, 1 p. m. (supra); opinion that Dr. Wang desires to see if United States will go further

than the British before resuming negotiations with them. Mar. 31 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.). (18) For the Minister: Several changes desired by the Depart

ment in the drafts discussed in Minister's telegrams of

March 28.
Apr. 1 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Discussion with Lampson concerning the term of validity
of the treaty on extraterritoriality and the matter of reserved
areas; conclusion as to the latter subject that United States
and Great Britain should hold out for the reservation of

Tientsin and Shanghai.
Apr. 8 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs

of a Conversation With the Chinese Minister
Submittal by Dr. Wu of a new draft providing for legal
safeguards and taking account of the points under discussion

by the British and Chinese at Nanking.
Apr. 10 Memorandum by Mr. Ransford S. Miller of the Division of Far

Eastern Affairs
Discussion, between the British Ambassador, the Secretary,
and the Under Secretary, of the use of force or other possible
measures in the event of unilateral denunciation of the treaties
by the Chinese Government; agreement that the possible
postponement of the National Convention and the presenta-
tion of a revised Chinese draft for discussion appeared to
relieve the situation for the present.

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NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

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1931 Apr. 13 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with the Foreign Minister, who inquired as to the American attitude toward extraterritoriality negotiations and was informed that United States was desirous of reaching

an understanding based on gradual relinquishment. Apr. 15

To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.) (23) For the Minister: Advice that the views of the Department

are in accord with the Minister's remarks made to the British

Minister, as set forth in the former's memorandum of April 1. Apr. 17

To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.) (25) Information that the 12 articles of the Chinese draft appear

substantially acceptable provided that additional articles can

be agreed upon later. Apr. 18 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with Lampson, who stated that the Chinese Minister in London had been handed an aide-mémoire outlining conditions under which the British Government was prepared to relinquish extraterritorial rights, giving up criminal jurisdiction provided Shanghai, Tientsin, Hankow,

and Canton were excluded from the treaty. Apr. 19

From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of amendments (texts printed) introduced into the previously prepared texts by agreement between Lampson

and Wang. Apr. 19 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Transmittal of draft articles (texts printed) covering military service, arrests, and shipping, worked out ad referendum between the British Minister and Dr. Wang, neither being com

mitted to their acceptance. Apr. 20

From the Minister in China (tel.)

Comments on the new drafts and amendments telegraphed to the Department on April 19; further information on status

of Lampson-Wang negotiations. Apr. 21 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with the Vice Foreign Minister, who said that Wang was prepared to propose to his Government the exclusion of Shanghai from Chinese jurisdiction, and that if the treaties were not signed by May 5, his Government would unilaterally

denounce extraterritoriality. Apr. 21 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information as to French Minister's attitude. Opinion that the proposals advanced so far, plus the exclusion of Shanghai,

should be satisfactory to the United States. Apr. 22 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with the Vice Foreign Minister, who said that the Commission on Foreign Relations was prepared to consider the request for the exclusion of Shanghai for a limited time.

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CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGĦTS IN CHINA-Continued

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1931 Apr. 23

From the Minister in China (tel.)

Comment that the American Minister and Lampson consider the Department's suggested draft of article 9, given in its telegram No. 12, March 14, an excellent substitute for the former draft; Lampson's opinion that the Chinese will yield

in the cases of both Shanghai and Tientsin. Apr. 23 | From the Minister in China (tel.)

Receipt from Lampson of information showing the number of the articles so far discussed as agreed upon with Hsu Mo, of the Chinese Foreign Office and list of articles yet to be dealt

with. Apr. 23 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with the Vice Foreign Minister, who stated that Dr. Wang believed the treaty would be signed within a few days and that the American Minister should make inquiry of the State Department and, if necessary, obtain authorization so that the treaty could be completed in Nanking simultaneously between China, the United States, and Great

Britain. Apr. 24

From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that the Norwegian Minister has effected an exchange of notes with China giving up extraterritorial rights on a most-favored-nation basis if and when powers participating in the Washington Conference on Pacific affairs relinquish such rights. Understanding that the Netherlands is

negotiating for a similar exchange.
Apr. 25 To the Consul General at Nanking (tel.)
(27) For the Minister: Department's willingness to meet China's

wishes as to place of signature; opinion that a formal request
should be received from the Chinese Government, through
Minister Wu, before the issuance of full powers to the Minister
in China; that time will be needed to scrutinize text prior to
signing. Information that a tentative accord on certain
articles has been reached in Washington, and that these texts

and others on remaining subjects may bé telegraphed soon. Apr. 25 To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)

Transmittal of portion of Department's telegram No. 27,
April 25 (supra); advice that Department is trying to parallel
Chinese-British accords as far as possible. Instructions to

inform British Foreign Office.
Apr. 27 | Memorandum by the Minister in China

Conversation with Dr. Wang, who was informed of Department's views concerning place of signature, issuance of full

powers, and necessity for adequate scrutinization of the text. Apr. 27

From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information that Lampson has been informed of Department's attitude as expressed in telegram No. 27 of April 25; account of further discussions between Teichman and Hsu Mo.

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CHINA NEGOTIATIONS FOR RELINQUISHMENT BY THE UNITED STATES AND OTHER POWERS

OF EXTRATERRITORIAL RIGHTS IN CHINA-Continued

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1931
Apr. 27 Memorandum by Mr. Joseph E. Jacobs of the Division of Far

Eastern Affairs
Conversation with the Chinese Minister and the Third
Secretary of the Legation, who were handed a new draft

regarding extraterritoriality. Undated to the Chinese Legation

Text of Department's revised draft of treaty and of exchange

of notes handed to the Chinese Minister on April 27. Apr. 28 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Information from Lampson concerning conversation with
Wang, who said his final terms were the reservation of the
International Settlement at Shanghai for not more than

3 years.
Apr. 28 From the Minister in China (tel.)

Information from the British Minister of his present position regarding the negotiations, and of modifications of some

articles (texts printed). Apr. 29 Memorandum by Mr. Joseph E. Jacobs of the Division of Far

Eastern Affairs of a Conversation Between the Chinese

Minister and the Chief of the Division
Chinese Minister's information that Dr. Wang may be able
to submit to the Political Council a proposal for the exclusion
of the International Settlement at Shanghai from the scope of

the new treaty for a period of 3 years. Undated From the Chinese Legation

(Rec'd Text of the Chinese draft article in regard to the rights of Apr. 29] | residence and trade. Apr. 30

To the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.)
(110) Desire to know British views concerning Dr. Wang's final

terms regarding Shanghai; opinion that the British and
American Governments should firmly refuse to be moved from

the position taken regarding excluded areas. May 1 Memorandum by the Minister in China

Report of a conversation between Lampson and Wang in which the latter was informed that the British found his final offer unacceptable; information that Lampson has proposed

further discussions. May 1 From the Ambassador in Great Britain (tel.) (127) British inability to consent to fixing a time limit to sur

render jurisdiction in the Shanghai International Settlement. May 3 Memorandum by the American Counselor of Legation in China

of a Conversation Between the American Minister in China

and the French Minister in China
Inquiry by the French Minister as to the status of the
British and American negotiations; assurance by the American
Minister that it was not likely that signature would take place

in the immediate future.
May 4 Memorandum by the Chief of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs

Conversation with the Chinese Minister in which he was informed that United States would listen to suggestions for a more logical delimitation of excluded areas but would not like to discuss a period of less than 10 years for the duration of the treaty.

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