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Sidnouth were fools or idiots.—My opinion | lands, granted to their ancestors. How is, that every species of property in this many in Ireland were dispossessed of their kingdom is equally secure. But the stock- estates by Oliver Cromwell, and how many holder must know, that if the debt is swelled more subsequently by King Williain! If to a magnitude which incapacitates the na

your arguments were just, wliy shculd not tion from paying the interest of it, a partial the stock-holder propose that the nation bankruptcy must be the consequence. There should resune all former granis of land, in is no legal remedy against a national act. order to perform their recent engagements ? But the stock-holder knows that his in- I have some land which has passed to me by terest will be paid as long as the nation can descent from 1180, and why should not the pay it, without ruin to the people. He stock-holder question my right, to what at knows that he has no claim upon the nation that early period might have proceeded from for the principal, unless it chooses to pay him an arbitrary grant of a despotic sovereign, off at par. But still he possesses a property with as much justice as I should deny his convertible into money at the price of the right to call upon the nation to comply with day, and he takes the chance of loss or gain, its solemn engagements to him ? - As early For the interest he has tbe strongest possible as the reign of Queen Anne, when the fundclaim: the faith of the nation soleninly ing system was in its infancy, Dean Swift pledged to him, and continued for more predicted that a new order of men would than a century, never once violated in all spring up, and that in time the monied that period ; nor does the case which you would bear down the landed interest of the quote in Mr. Pelham's administration alter country. This growing evil he imputed the faith, because they who did not choose very truly to the revolution, which iatroto subscribe to his plan, had the option of duced continental connections, continental being paid for their stock at par.--Mr. Fox's wars, and the Dutch system of funding, in sentiments I have reason to believe are simi- order to attach monied men to the new golar to mine on this subject. It is not setting vernment. But, though Swift lamented this up a monied in opposition to a landed inte change in the constitution, and the feeling rest. The question is, to whom must a mi- of the country, he did not dispute the right nister go when he wants to borrow money?

which these new men had to their property, Undoubtedly to those who have money to He even lanients the increase of commerce lend. You are not to inquire after you have as a public misfortune, because it lessened taken his money whether it was gained fair- the consequence of the clergy, and of conuly or unfairly. But if a minister can prove try gentlemen. But he does not recomthat the public has been defrauded by an in- mend the breiking open the merchants dividual, whether be be a contractor, a loan- warehouses, “nor the destruction of their jobber, a clerk in office, or a cabinet nzinis- goods. ---An idea has long prevailed with ter, it is his duty to prosecute him to convic- many, that the nation will not be able to tion, and to compel him to repay the sum of pay the interest of its public debt. Mr. which the public has been defrauded. Thomas Pitt (Lord Cameltord) entertained The largest fortune made in the seven years this opinion, and avowed it in the House of war, was made by an army contractor; was Commons at the peace of 1783. But his he ever accused of having defrauded the argument did not at all go to dispute the public? Would you now seize his children's right of the public creditor to be paid, if the nroney in the funds, or sell their landed country had the power to pay him. Now estates for the public benefit, because their we have a debt, and interest upon it, more father was a successful contractor ? Would than double what it was in 1783, yet still you break the public faith with the loan the interest is regularly paid. The funds it contractors, because though they lent money is true have been directly taxed both by Mr. to the nation at 5 per cent, they might have Pitt, and Lord Sidmoutli, but every other demade 7, 8, or even 10 per cent by their bar- scription of property has been taxed also at gain Nothing can be more dangerous, the same tiine. The public confidence in or more unjust than to inake a distinction as the justice of the nation keeps up the funds, to the superior right which au individual notwithstanding the eņormous amount of possesses to one part of his property over debt, and the additions which must annually another. How much of the landed property be made to it, if this war should continue. of this kingdom and of Ireland, was violent- Yet no stock-holder can be so stupid as not

and to granted to the personal favourites of Henry the change wlich an increase of debt inakęs the Eighth; almost tlie entire fortune of in the relative value of money, there must some persons, consists of church and abbey be a point, beyond which the funding six

A. 2.

214) FEBRUARY 15, 1806.— Fund-dealing Clergymen.W'est-India Planters. (219 tem cannot be carried. Though Sir Robert proportion to the collective body of the clerWalpole in 1739, was mistaken when he sy, whose number in England and Wales is said that this nation though it could bear a usually estimated at eleven thousand. It is debt of 100 millions, would be bankrupt if evident, therefore, from this comparison, the debt exceeded that amount; though that a very considerable majority of them Mr. Thomas Pitt was equally mistiken have had no share in the crime, which has when he conceived that in 1793, it could not provoked your displeasuré. For myself, I Þay the interest of a debt of 210 millions, entertaine-l scruples upon the subject from yet, if the present debt should increase to one the first, for the reasons so properly stated Thousand millons, which it well may in á by the churchtrarden of Ickleton, and delong war, there are few who will conceivo termined, in consequence, to have no sul)that the nation can pay the jutérest on a debt scription in my own parish. My determiof that amount. What, then, will be the natio: was contirmed by your Register of question? Surely not as to the right of the Dec. 29th, and I take this opportunity of acstock-holder to receive his interest, but as knowledging my obligation to you for those ió the inability of the nation to pay it. more correct views of the dangerous princi

ple, upon which the fund is established, and

the unconstitutional effects, which it is cal? FUND-DEILING CLERGYMEN.

culated to produce which you have unfoldSir,-- In your numbers for the 28th of ed with so much perspicuity and force in Dec. and i sth of Jan. last, you animadvert- that, and the Register of Jan. 181lt. That ed, with your wonted energy of style, upon the ciergy are exempt from their share in the the conduct of tifo clergyner who, in their general corruption, which has diffused itself zeal to promote the potriotic subscription at through every rank and class of the commuLloyds Coffee House, bave stepped some- nity, I will not affirm. That they partake whát beyond the bounds which decency, and of it in a larger measure, than the rest of the à due regurd to the sanctity of their office, community, I will strenuonsly deny. All I would have prescribed. I am no less an desire is, that the same impartiality may be enemy than yourself to appeals, either to the extended to them, which has so uniformly sanits or the fears of people, in applications characterised your useful publication, and of this nature, particularly when those ap- that the sins of individuals may not be impeals are made by clergymen in their official puted to the whole order. I am, Sir, &c. capacity., 5 At the same time, Sir, I think CLERICUS. Feb. 7, 1906. you have not acted with your usual candour in passing an indiscriminate censure upon the

WEST-INDIA PLANTERS. whole order, because some individuals of SIR, --In your register for Feb. 8, in your that order Have (to use your own worits) Summary of Politics, page 170, you say, " śliewn themselves to be of a party with ". The West-India colonists have coniplaints, " the fund dealers,” or “ become the echo “ and just complaints too, of a long stana “ of the placard at Llord's." Having the “ing. In consequence of restraints and honour of belonging to that respectable bo- "imposts both operating at once and with dy (for so I believe the clergy are generally à degree of furce far beyond the power of esteemed, and have often been admitted even " resistance, the islands liave been reduced by yourself) which you have attacked, it is “ almost to a state of desperation. To natural that I should feel jealous of its cre- convince the minister for colonial affairs and dit, and anxious to assert and sindicate its the public of the truth of the above assergeneral purity. I mem not, however, to tion, I will, in as few words as possible, res offer any spology for the gentlemen, whose

present my own situation, and, I imagive, names you have mentioned; and, for the rest that of the greater part of the colonists to of the clergy, who have made collections iij be as bad or worse.—My estate is in the is. their chnrches, you have yourself snggested land of Jamaica, and my crop shipped from an apology, in a subsequent part of the paper thence this year, was 360 hogsheads of 12 above quoted, when you express a hope, that cwt. of sugar cach. There was also made they have “in most instances acted with on my estate 150 puncheons of rom. The

more alacrity than thought." But you rum made on my estate has always liitherto appear to me, Mr. Cobbett, to have greatly been sold in the island, to pay the contingent over-rated the number of those clergymen, expenses of the estate, and which is who have raised contributioris in their pa- penses consist in island taxes, purchase rishes for the Lloyd's fund. A cúrsory in- of lumber, commision to agent, &c. spection of the newspaper reports muy con- &c.; but, this year, owing to the restraint Vince any one, that they bear but a small on our intercourse with America, it rerpains


unsold in my warehouse. Had it been ship- the old footing, to lessen the duties on sugar ped to Great Britain at the price at which and rum, to encourage the use of the latter rum has sold this year, it might have pro- spirit in the British navy in preference to foduced me clear 10l. sterling per puncheon. reign spirit, and to check the further imporThe invoice of goods shipped by me from tation of East India sugar, by loading it this country for the use of my estates this with an additional duty.-The duty on East year, amounted to 2,1001 sterling. The India sugar at present is 371. per cent. ad va. contingent expenses of my estate in Jamai- lorem, now 27 s. per cwt. on sugar selling at ca amounted this year, to 4,4001, currency. 70 s. per cwt. amounts pretty nearly to that Exchange at 140 per cent., is 3,1501. ster- The proper time to take the above ling. These have been considerably increas- | premises into consideration is at the comed this year by martial law twice proclaim- menceinent of an administration, of whom ed.-My sugar has sold at vario's prices; I only hope to have it in my power to say, but the quality being moderate, it has aver- that their conduct in every respect forms a aged about 70s. per cwt. The duty on sugar perfect contrast to that of their predecessors. is 278. per cwt. Freight fron Jamaica 1os. -I am, Sir, &c. A WEST INDIAN.-Winper cwt. Insurance and other charges 7 per chester, Feb. 10, 1806. cut. Total 44s. per cwt. which, deducted from 70s. leaves me 26s. per cwt. nett.---Let

PUBLIC PAPERS. us see how my account will stand. A hogshead of sugar 13 cwt, at 26s. per cwt., is

NAPLES AND FRANCE.—Proclamation issued 161. 10s.

ly the Emperor Vapoleon, dared SchoenTherefore 350 hhds. at 161.10s.

lrunn, Dec. 27, 1805. each, is .

5,775 Soldiers, For ten years I have done all I Deduct bills drawn on me for

could to save the King of Naples : he has contingent expenses in Ja

done every thing in his power to destroy maica,

3,150 himself.--After the battles of Dego, of MonŞtores shipped from England, 2,100 dovi, and of Lodi, he could give me no ef

-5,250 fectual opposition. I placed confidence in

the word of this Prince, and I behaved with Remains

525 generosity towards him.-When the second

coalition was dissolved at Marengo, the King Here is 5251. to pay the interest of 50,0001. of Naples, who was the first to commence sterling which my estate has cost me, setting that unjust war, abandoned at Luneville by exactly 1 per cent. on my capital. If my his allies, remained alone, and without prorum had been shipped to this country and tection. He solicited my pardon, and I forsold at the low price of 10l. per puncheon, gave him a second time.-A few weeks ago my returns would have been 2,0001. sterling, 1 you were at the gates of Naples. I had sufwhich is 4 per cent. on niy capital, and this ficient reason to suspect the treachery whick is the boasted profit of West Indians.-But, was intended, and to avenge the insults which Mr. Cobbett, from this sum of 525 1. must I had received. Still I was generous. I acbe taken a sum for casualties, purchase of knowledged the neutrality of Naples ; negroes, and though last not least, the inte- dered you to evacuate that kingdom, and, rest of the debt due from me to my West for the third time, the house of Naples was India merchant, so that with my sogar sel- confirmed and saved.-Sball we grant parling at 701. per cwt., and my rum unsold in don for a fourth time? Shall we, for a fourth Jamaica, owing to the absurd restraints put time, place any confidence in a court, withon our trade with America, my debt to iny out truth, honour, or common sense ; No! merchant is unavoidably increased, and my No! The Neapolitan Dynasty has ceased to family without support for the ensuing year. | reign; its existence is incompatible with the That the above is a fair statement of my own repose of Europe, and the honour of our case, and that of many of my unfortunate crown.--Soldiers ! inarch, drive into the countrymen, may be easily ascertained by sea, if they will wait your attack, these feeapplying at the counting houses of Messrs. ble battalions of the týrauts of the sea. Shew Longs, Messrs. Hibberts, Messrs. Taylor, or to the world the manner in which we punish any other West India houses.-To obviate the perjured. Lose no time in informing the calamities of the West India planters, it me, that the whole of Italy is subject to my will be necessary immediately to send out laws, or those of my allies; that the finest orders to re-establish the trade between Ame- country of the world is emancipated from rica and the British West India islands on the yoko of the most perfidious of inen ; that

I or

the sacredness of treaties is avenged, and of subsequent events. I thought my duty that the mares of my brave soldiers, mas- to you, and the whole mass of my subjects, sacred in the ports of Sicily, on their return called upon me to reinain near the Combined from Egypt, atter having escaped from the Armies. I chose a representative, who endangers of the sea, the deserts, and a bun-joyed your contidence and who was ercry dred battles, are at length appeased.-Sulo way worily of it. I, however, interested diers! my brother will lead you on; he is myself for you, and inade every exertion in acquainted with all my plans; he is the de- your behalf which the untowardness of af. pository of my authority; he is in full pos- fairs would permit. You may be assured, session of my confidence; let him have that nothing can be attributed to a want vi yours. (Sigued) NAPOLEON. precaution, which has prevented the preser

Yation of a permanent security; and that no efforts of mine were wanting in the of

way Sweden. Declaration given in lý l negotiation, to obtain that lasting rest and Bildt, the Envoy for Swedish Puineraria,

security necessary for my oppressed country. at the Diet of Ratislon, Jan. 13, 1800.

This desirable event was not obtained soon, His Swedish Majesty has directed the un- enough for my wishes, but yet, as soon as dersigned, his Enroy Extraordinary and Minis- the nature of a business of such importance ter Plenipotentiary, to declare to the Diet of

for the present and future would allow. At the German Ei.pire, that the offences daily present, the unhappy period of separation is committed by many Members of the Em- past, I return to you impressed with sentipire, against the Constitution they have

ments of your inviolable attachment and fisworn to maintain, are contrary to the prin- delity, your vigilance in the preservation of ciples of honour and virtue. His Majesty order and tranquillity, your readiness to allehas long since foretold the unhappy conse- viate, by your benevolence the sufferings of quences of the disputes which have prevailed human misery. You have left no duiy among the members of the Empire, as well without fulfilling it, no virtue unexercised i as the consequences of the want of respect


have merited the esteem of your fellow which they have manifested towards the citizens, and have obtained, by your conGerman Constitution. The sentiments and duct towards foreigners, the strongest claims principles of His Majesty are too well known, upon my gratitude: and though at a distance and have been too often expressed to the from you during these several trials, I deDiet, for it to be necessary that he should rived from these sentiments, consolation and repeat tbem; especially at a time when we tranquillity. But while I gave myself up to must not speak the language of honour, and these sensations of joy, which must await still less observe its laws, it we wisli to be my return arnong my loyal people of Vi. heard. His Majesty, therefore, considers enna, at a period of such importance; and it as beneath his dignity, from this day fur- | wbile, in the interim of the happy meeting wards, to take any part in the deliberations between the Prince and the People, should of the Diet, so long as its decisions shall be the past be forgoiten for a moment, still co under the induence of usurpation and egot- not indulge the idea that I have pot an intia ism. (Signed) Von Bildt. mate knowledge of your situation, or that it

has escaped my mature consideration. Yes, FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPER.

good people! you have, indeed, sustained

vexations which have shaken the foundation VIENNA.- Proclamation to the Inkabilants of your well being. I am not under nisap

of Vienna, issued by the Emperor of prehensions in any respect, relative to what dustria, dated Feldslerg, Jan. 15, 1500.

has passed, but I have taken pains to proseFrancis II. by God's Grace, &c. &c. cute such an inquiry into the state of affairs, When I removed from among you, I had such knowledge being absolutely indispensano small inducements for believing that our ble, as it must lead to an union of mems, separation would be but of very short dura- commensurate with our necessities. What tion, as it was then my fixed resolution, im- | I have already effected, under the pressure mediately after the conclusion of the Hun- o: so many obstacles, to prevent any want garian Diet, to return to Vienna, and to of the necessaries of life, while the conremain with you as long as my residence sumption was so much increased; is wel would be consistent with my duty.; and known. I shall in future let nothing be which would have permitted me to extend wanting that prudence or foresight can sug. the care of Government to the whole nation. gest, for securing the means that may still This resolution was impeded by the course. lead to an object so dear to my wishes: kes

main still as faithful to your Prince as you nations of ill-disposed negroes and slaves in have been during the most distressing pe- this community. And his Majesty's council riods ; support, with a public spirit, my un- of the said island having recommended me ceasing endeavours for the good of the com- to adopt the measure of martial law, I have munity: redouble your activity, give your- therefore thought fit, by and with the adselves up to the noble niotives of benevo- vice of his Majesty's said council, to issue lence, lend to ear to unjust censure ; depend this my proclamation and do hereby declare, upon God, and unite with me in calling tipon that from and after the publication hereof, him; so shall your wounds, though deep, martial law shall be, and is hereby, in force, soon be healed.

until further orders, of which all his Ma(Signed) FRANCIS.

jesty's liege subjects are required to take due notice, and govern themselves accordingly.

And all his Majesty's good and loyal subjects Proclamation wildress:d ly the Archduke Charles to the Austrian Army, in conse

of all descriptions, and of all colours, are

hereby called upon to make every possible quence of the conclusion of Peace at Pres

exertion to defeat the diabolical plans suplurgh.

posed to be in agitation. And as the purHis Majesty has, out of love to his pose of this my proclamation is for the more people, concluded a peace. He could have speedy and effectually suppressing such danrelied on the valour of an army which re- gers only, I do hereby, by and with the admains unconquered by the enemy, and which vice of his Majesty's said council, authorise has defended the rights of the Sovereign all civil courts of justice, to remain and conwith equal firmness in Germany and in Italy; tinue in force, notwithstanding martial law. but the paternal feelings of His Majesty -And whereas, under the present cireumwould not permit him to prolong the sutier- stances of the colony, which involve its very ings which his faithful subjects endured in a existence, it is proper and expedient that all period of hostility, and he has therefore persons must sufier temporary and indivihastened to free them from the dangers dual inconvenience for the general welfare which are attached to the uncertain fortune of the community, and that the most exemiof war. · The troops must now return to the plary and summary punishments should be peace establishment, 'until the protection of inflicted on all offenders, notice is hereby the throne and the country summon them to given, that the several patroles will be or new dangers and new glory. I hope that the dered to take up all negro and other slaves, officers and privates will render this period who shall be in any of the streets of Port of of repose subservient to the improvement of Spain, after eight o'clock at night, and to the army; that they will preserve their dis- lodge them in security during the night, that cipline and military spirit; and that they such negro or other slave or slaves, who may will employ their collected experience to the be found to have offended against any of the advantage of the service, and the future ho- ordinarices now ja existence, will be immenour of His Majesty's arms. For those who diately punished with death or otherwise, have evinced so much attachment to my per- according to the regjilations of the said orson, my sincerest gratitude accompanies | dinances. And in order to give the most pubthem.. I shall seok every opportunity to lic notice of the hour of 8 in the evening, not prove that the good of the army is the inost only the gun at the sea-battery will be fired anxious wish of my heart.

as usual, but the boils at the Spanish catho(Signed) CHARLES, Field Marshal. lic church will be rung for the space of five

minutes; and all such negro or other slave DOMESTIC OFFICIAL PAPER. or slaves attempting to escape from the paTRINIDAD.-Proclamation, ly his Ercel

troles, will be immediately shot. All per

sons concerned, are, therefore, requested to lency Thomas Hislop, Esq. Lieutenant

'make the same known to their several slaves. : Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the Island of Trinidad, and its De

-Given under my hand and seal at arms, in pendencies, &c. dated Dec. 14, 1805.

council, at Government-house, this 14th

day of December, 1805, and in the 46th Whereas there are strong reasons to ap- year of his Majesty's reign. Thomas Hisprehend that this colony is threatened with

LOP-By his Excellency's command, W. internal dangers, from the nefarious machi

Holmes, Secretary-God save the king.

Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Bow Street, Covent

Garden, where former Nudabeis may be had; sold also by Ian Budd, Crown und Aliste, l'ail Mull.

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