Page images
PDF
EPUB

as was

niversary, and which the Emperor named dotte, advanced; three of his regiments the Battle of Austerlitz, will be ever memo- made a very fine charge of cavalry. The rable in the annals of the great nation.- left, commanded by Marshal Lannés, made The Emperor, surrounded by all the mar- several. All the charges were victorious. shals, waited only for the horizon to clear General Caffarelli's division distinguished it. up, to issue his last orders. When the sun self. The cuirassier division took the ene. shot forth his first rays, the orders were is- my's batteries. At one, p. m. the victory sued, and each marshal joined his corps, full was decided; it had not been doubtful for a gallop.-The Emperor said, in passing along moment; not a man of the reserve was the front of several regiments : “ Soldiers, wanted, and had assisted no where; a canwe must finish this campaign by a thunder- nonade was kept up only on our right. The bolt, which shall confound the pride of our enemy's corps, which had been surrounded enemies:" and instantly hats were placed and driven from all the heights, were on a at the point of bayonets, and cries of Vive flat, and near a lake. The Emperor hasT'Empereur were the signal for battle. A tened thither, with 20 pieces of cannon. moment afterwards, the cannonade began at This corps was driven from position to posithe extremity of the right, which the ene- tion, and we saw the horrid spectacle, such my's advanced guard had already outflanked,

seen at Aboukir, of 20,000 men but the unexpected meeting with Marshal throwing themselves into the water, and Davoust, stopped the enemy short, and the drowning themselves in the lake. Two battle began.-Marshal Soult put himself in columns of Russians, 4000 each, laid down motion at the same moment, proceeded to their arms, and surrendered themselves prithe heights of the village of Pratzen, with soners, All the enemy's park of artillery is Generals Vandamme and St. Hilaire's divi- taken. The result of this day is 40 Russian sion, and cut off the enemy's right, whose standards, amongst which are the standards movements becanie uncertain. Surprised by of the imperial guard; a considerable numa flank march, whilst it was flying, believing ber of prisoners; the état-major does not itself to be attacking, and seeing itself at- yet know how many; we have already an tacked, it considered itself has half defeatedl. account of 20,000, 12 or 15 generals; at Prince Murat was in motion with his ca- least 15,000 Russians killed on the field of valry. The left wing, under the command battle. Though we have not yet the report, of General Lannes, marched forward also, we may, at the first coup-d'wil, estimate on en echelons, by regiments, in the same man- loss at 800 killed, and 15 or 1000 wounded. ner, as if they had been exercising by divi- This will not surprise military men, who sions. A tremendous cannonade took place | know that it is only in a rout that men are along the whole line: 203 pieces of cannon, lost; and no other corps, but the battalion of and nearly 200,000 men, made a dreadful the 4th, was penetrated. Amongst the noise. It was really a giant combat. Not wounded are, General St. Hilaire, who, an hour had elapsed, and the enemy's whole wounded at the beginning of the battle, releft was cut off; their right had already mained the whole day on the field. He roTeached Austerlitz, the head-quarters of the vered himself with glory; generals of divitwo Emperors, who marched immediately to sion, Kellerman and Walther; generals of the Emperor of Russia's giard, to endeavour brigade, Valhabert, Thiebauit, Sebastiani

, to restore the communication of the centre Conpar, and Rapp, the Emperor's aid-dewith the left. A battalion of the 4th of the camp. It was the latter who, in charging, line was charged by the imporial Russian at the head of the grenadiers of the guard, guard, on horseback, and souted; but the took Prince Rernin, captain of the chevaliers Emperor was at hand; he perceived this of the imperial guard of Russia. With res. movement; ordered Marshal Bassieres to go pect to the men who distinguished thento the succour of his right, with his invinci- selves, it was the whole army that covered bles, and the two guards were soon engaged. itself with glory; it constantly charged to --Success could not be doubtful, in a mo- the cry of l'ire l'Empereur, and the idea of 'ment the Russian guard was routed; colo-celebrating so gloriously the anniversary of nel, artillery, standards, every thing was ta- the coronation, animated the soldier. The ken. The regiment of the Grand Duke French army, though fine and numerous, Constantine was annihilated. He owed his was less numerous than the enemy's army, safety only to the switiness of his horse.- which was 105,000 strong; 80,000 RuisFrom the heights of Austerlitz the two Em- sians, and 25,000 Austrians; the half of this perors beheld the defeat of all the Russian army is destroyed; the rest has been coniguard. At the same moment, the centre of pletely routed, and the greater part threw we arvey, commanded by Marshal Berna- away their arms.-This day wil cost tears of blood at St. Petersburgh. May it cause the himself to the first blows; for victory cannot gold of England to be rejected with indigna- hesitate, on this day, in which the honour of tion! And may that young prince, whom so the French infantry, which is of so much muy virtues called to be the father of his importance to Cewbole nation, is concernsubjects, tear himself from the influence of ed. Let not the ranks be thinned under those 30 coxcombs, whom England pays, pretext of carrying oti the wounded, and lec, and whose impertinence injures his inten- each be well persuaded, that we must contions, makes him lose the love of his sol- quer these hirelings of England, who are diers, and burries him into the nost iil- animated with so deep a hated to our nation. judged operations. Nature, in endowing This rictory will finish our campaign, and him with so many great qualites, had meant we shall resume our winter quarters, where bim to be the consoler of Europe. Perti- we shall be joined by the new armies forindious 'councils, by rendering him the auxi- | ing in France; then the peace, which I will hary of England, will place him, in history, make, will be worthy of iny people, of you, in the rank of men, who, perpetuating the

and ot nie.

(Signed) NAPOLEON. var upon the Continent, will bave consolidated the British tyranny upon the seas, and

PROCLAMATION. produced the misery of our generation. If Soldiers,-I am satisfied with you. In the France cannot arrive at peace, but upon the battle of Austerlitz, you have justified what conditions proposed by the aid-de-camp, I expected from your intrepidity. You have Dolgorucki, to the Emperor, and which M. covered yourselves with eternal glory. An Novosiltzoff was ordered to make, Russia army of 100,000 mon, which was commandshould not obtain them were her army en- ed by the Emperors of Russia and Austria, camped upon the heights of Montmaue.- has been, in less than four hours, either cut In a more detailed relation of this battle, ihe off or dispersed. What escaped your swords état-major will make known what each have thrown themselves into the lakes.corps, officers and general, hare done, to Forty stand of colours, the standards of the render the French name illustrious, and to Russian imperial giard, 120 pieces of canafford proof of their love for the Emperor.-- non, tweniy generals, and above 30,000 On the 3d, at day-break, Prince John of prisoners, are the fruits of this ever-memoLichtenstein, commanding the Austrian ar- rable batile.--That infantry, so celebrated, my, came to the Emperor's head-quarters, and superior to you in numbers, has in a barn. He had a long audience; yet prored unable to resist your charge, and, we pursue our successes. The enemy have herceforth, you have no rivals to fear.retired by the road of Austerlitz to Golding. Thus, in less than two months, the third The French army is already on their rear, coalition is conquered and dissolved. Peace and follow them sword in hand -- ever was canpot be at a great distance; but, is 1 prothere a more horrible field of batile. From mised to my people, before crossing the the middle of the immense lakes, we hear Rhine, I will conclude it only upon tems still the cries of thousands of men who could consistent wish my piecye, 2111 which shail not be assisted. Three days must elipse 'ere secure not only the indendirication, but the all the wounded enemy are carried to Brunn. reward, of my alles.--Sutciers! When the The heart bleeds. May so much bloodshed, French people piced the Imperial crown may so many miseries fall, at length, upan upon my intal, I trusted to you to enable the perfidious Islanders who are the cause of me to maiuiain it in that high splend ur of it! May the cowardly Oligarchs of London glory, which alone could give it value in my bear the barthen of so many evils !

estination, but at that moment our enemies

entertained the design to tarnish and degracie Order of the Day. On the fiel!, Dec. 1. it; and the iron Crown, vhich was gained

Soldiers, the Russian army is before you, by the blood of so many Frenchmen, they to avenge the Austrian army at Ul.n. They would have compelled ine to place on the are the same battalions you bent at Tile- head of my biiterest toe; an extravagant brun, and which you have constantly pur- and footisla proposal, which you have brought sued. The positions we occipy are ioni- to nought, on the anniversary of your Ema dable; and wbilst ihey march to my right, peror's coronation. You have taughi them, they shall present me the flank.--Soluiers, I that it is easier for them to dety and to sliall direct myselt all your battaliops; I threaten, than to subdue us. -Soldiers ! shall keep at a distance from the firing, it, Woen every thing necessary to the security, with your accu tomed bravery, you carry the happiness, and prosperity of our country confusion and disorder into the enemy s has been achieved, viil I return you my ranks; but it victory be for a moment thanks in France. Then will you be the doubitul, you shall see your Empúror expose objects of my teudereșt care. Vsy people will receive you with rapture and joy. To , Austria, Tyrol, the State of Venice, Ca. say to me- I was in the battle of Auster- rinthia, Styria, Carniola, the County of litz,'—will be enough to authorise the re- Goritz and Istria, and lastly in Bohemia, ply- That is a brave man.' (Signed) NA- the Circle of Montabor, and the whole space POLEON. Head-quarters at Austerlitz, Dec. to the eastward, from Tabor to Lintz.--Art. 3, 1405.

2. The Russian army shall evacuate the AusCirculur Letter to the Bishops and Presi- trian States, with Austrian Poland, viz. Mo

dents of the Consistory. Dated Austerlitz, ravia and Hungary, within the period of Dec. 3

fifteen days, and Gallicia within a month. The signal victory which has attended The routes shall be prescribed to the Russian our arms over the combined armies of Rus- army, that it may be always known where sia and Austria, commanded by the Empe- they are, as well as to prevent any misunrors of Austria and Russia in person, is a vi- derstanding.- Art. 3. There shall be no levy sible proof of the protection of God, and re- en mass, or insurrection in Hungary, nor quires that solemn thanksgiving be celebra- any extraordinary recruiting for troops in ted throughout the whole extent of our em- Bohemia, nor shall any foreign army be perpire.--We hope, that such marked successes mitted to enter the territory of the house of as those we have obtained at Austerlitz, will Austria. The negociations for both powers induce our enemies at length to give up the

shall meet at Nicolsburg, for the immediate perfidious councils of England, the only commencement of negociations, in order to means that can insure peace to the Conti- effect, without delay, the re-establishment nent.--Upon receipt of these presents, you of peace and a good understanding between will, according to custom, sing a Te Deum ; the two Emperors. The duplicates of this at which it is our intention, that all the con- instrument are hereby signed by us, Marstituted authorities, and our people, assist. shal Berthier, Minister of War, Major GeThis being the whole object of our letter, we neral of the Grand Army, Plenipotentiary pray God to have you is his holy keeping. of his Majesty the Emperor of the French (Signed) NAPOLEON. Bislicp of the Dio- and King of Italy, and Prince John of Lichcese of

tenstein, Lieutenant-General and PlenipoArmistice concluded between their Majesties tentiary to his Majesty the Emperor of Austhe Emperors of the French and Austria. tria, King of Hungary, &c.

MARSHAL Dime at Austerlitz, Dec. 6, 1805.

BERTILIER, J. PRINCE of LICHTENSTEIN, His Majesty the Emperor of the French, Lieut.-Gen. and his Majesty the Emperor of Germany, NAPLES. Royal Decree issued at Naples being desirous of coming to definitive nego

November 20, 1805. ciations, in order to put an end to a war The arrival of an Anglo-Russian squadron which has devastated both their dominions, in this road having given occasion to a rehave previously agreed upon an arniistice, to pirt, that the legation and the French conexist till the cenclusion of a definitive peace,

sulate had removed the arms of their Sove. or the rupture of the negotiations. In the reign, &c. to the great displeasure of his Silatter case, hostilities shall not recommence cilian Majesty; and as it is presumed, that Within fourteen days; and the cessation of the persons concerned in the commerce of the armistice shall then be announced to the Italy, Liguria, Batavia, &c. may be alarmed plenipotentiaries of both powers, at the for the safety of their property in his Mahead-quarters of their respective armies.- jesty's estates, his Majesty bas authorised Art. I. The line of both armies shall be in me to communicate to the Exchange, in his Moravia, the Circle of Iglan, the Circle of royal mame, that, whatever may be the conZnaim, the Circle of Brunn, a part of the sequence of this event, the property of the Circle of Olmut?, upon the right bank of said nations, the allies of France, shall rethe little river of Trezeboska, before Prost- main under the protection of the govern. nitz, to the spot where that river discharges mient; and that his Majesty will also permit itself into the Marck; and the right bank of them to continue their commerce in every the Marck to the junction of that river with respect, just the same as if the legation and the Danube, Presburg being included. No consulate continucd in the exercise of their French nor Austrian troops shall, on any cc- functions.---To prevent any misunderstandcasion, be stationed within five or six leagues ing, this guarantee is not understood as ex: of Halitch, upon the right bank of the tending beyond the continents of his Majes. Marck. Further, the line of both armies ty's kingdoms of Naples and Sicily. (Signshall include in the territory to be occupied ed) Louis De MEDICI. Dale at the l'aby the French army, all Upper and Lower l lace, Nov. 20, 1905. Printed by Cox and Baylis, N).75, Great Qu'en Sireet, and published by R. Bagihaw, Bow Street, Covent

Garilen, where former Numbers may be kuad; subdirlo by J. Budi, Crown and Blitre, Pall..waM.

Vol. IX. No. 2.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 11, 1806.

[Price 10D

“ Thus has the country been led on from fallacy to fallacy, and from fracd to fraud, and as soon as either “ has been detected, resurt has been had, ive to de,ence, not to argument, but to new promises as faise as " the former. Thus criminal Ucception has been made the ground of future contidence; and, ax +3525 “ one set of promises has been violated, a new set has teen held forth, and the country has been, ist the “ names of loyalty and of patriotism, loudly called upon to become again ine dupes of tho e who had “ before deceived them."- MR. Fox's Speech, 5th May, 1785. 33]

[34 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. « his passions and resentments, and of girMINISTERIAL DECEPTION.-The moitoto ing vent to those violent and splenitic the present number has not been seleci«ci so emotions, to which his present situation much because of its being so very applicable to “ so naturally gives biri; a situation, in the times, as because it is calculated to revive " which to the torments of baffled hope, of in the minds of those, who are not dead to “ wounded pride and disappointed ambition, the powers of recollection, the deceptions " is added the nortying reflection, that, by which the fatal Pitt ministry began; the fal- “to the improvident and intemperate use he lacies, the frauds, the big-sounding and hollow- “ made of his power and intiuence, while promises, where with it set out on that career, they lasted, he could alone attribute the which has brought us to put the question, “ cause of all those misfortunes, to which whether we are to remain as we are, or le- “ he is in the habit so constantly, so pathecome the slaves of Frenchmen? Of this tically, but so unsuccessfuly, to solicit the ministry, now, after a twenty years trial, compassion of the House. Eeeling, as I the characteristics still are all retained. It “ do, for the right honourable gentleman, has exhausted the country; it has drained “ I declare, that I should think it highly away its spirit, and has blasted its reputa- unbecoming in me to consider any of his tion; it has perverted good to bad, and has transports, any of those ecstasies of a made bad ten thousand times worse; but, “ mind labouring under the aggravated load still has it lost nothing of its own nature, “ of disappointment and self-upbraiding, It was “ conceived in sin, and brought forth “ which at present are his lot, as objects “ in iniquity;", it has been nursed and rais- “ of any other emotion in my breast than ed and protected by those means of deceiv- " that of pity ; certainly not of resentment, ing and corrupting the people, which first nor even of contempt." The time, when gave it existence; and that people are now these saucy taunts were uttered, was that justly smarting under the consequences of when after the dissolution of parliament at their perverse credulity and their baseness. the end of five years, the re-election bad Let the light-headed and perfidious multi- filled the House with those new and strangetude that clamoured against the former mi- looking faces, which, as Mr. Burke then nistry, and that, instigated by the corrupt observed, no man in respectable life had ever and all-corrupting metropolis, called upon before beheld. It was at the time, when their sovereign to exert, to the farthest the clamours, the catch-words, the misrebounds, his power of controuling the House presentations, the falsehoods, of the fundof Commons; let those, who so loudly dealing crew had so blinded and misled the bawled for “ the heaven-born minister," to people, in every part of the kingdom, as to protect them from an invasion of their pro- induce them to give the minister ample perty, and to preserve their liberty ; let them means to carry him through those measures, now tell us, whether their property has been, which led to the establishment of his politiand is protected, and whether their liberties cal power. But, when the giddy people have remained unimpaired and are in no were thus acting; when they saw their work danger. Where are now the sarcasms, the in this prosperous way; when they beheld taunts, the insolent exultations of “ the " the heaven-born” minister and his col“ heaven-born minister” himself?

league Dundas, supported by the Roiles, the “ right honourable gentleman” (said he, Bassets, and the Marshams; by the Jenkinspeaking of Mr. Fox, in the very debate sons, the Wedderburns and the Edens; by from which the motto is taken)“ has con- the Wilberforces, the Thorntons, the Smiths, “ trived to introduce a subject, calculated to the Beaufoys and the Hills; and, though “ afford him an opportunity of gratifying last not least, by Paue BENTTE and his

6 The

was

be

trusty crew: when the people were exulting of the people, never could have regarded it at this the effect of their clamorous folly, lit- as possible, that their minds would, at last, tle did they imagine to what it would finally become so perverted and brutified as to belead; little did they, though repeatedly come the sport of such men.To advert warned of the danger, believe, that the end to the endeavours that are still employed to of all this exultation would be, first un- deceive the people, with regard to the future bounded corruption and degradation at prospects of the war, is hardly worth while; home, and next, the most imminent danger or, those who can believe in any of the from abroad. Little did they believe, that stories that are now told them about the suc. at that time, yea, at that very moment,

cesses of the Archduke Charles, with was beginning, under the loudest professions 90,000 men at tIrree posts distance from Viof purity, under the guise even of acts of enna; about the future exertions and wonparliament for the professed purposes of æco- derful exploits of the gallant youth, who, as nomy and for the prevention of abuse; little they told us, took such a solemn oath upon did they believe, that then, even then, the tomb of the Great Frederick, al Potsginningthat system, that settled system of pe- dam, and whon we know to have accepted culation, now brought to light by the Tenth of Napoleon's permission to march home by Report of the Naval Cominissioners. As a route marked out for himself and his army; little did the heaven-born" minister and about the warlike attitude of the King of his trusty colleague anticipate the final re- Prussia, who, as they told us, was, a month sult of their schemes of ambition. When the ago, at the head, actually at the head, of an above-quoted saucy specili was madle, they ariny of 140,000 men, making through Bano more imagined that they should live to hemia by forced inarches to attack the Em. see the day, when Mr. Fox vould be com- peror Napoleon; about the operations of the missioned, by his constituents, to carry to army of Russians, Swedes, and English in the King an address describing and repro- the North of Europe : it is hardly worth bating the course of their conduct relative to while to advert to these endeavours to keep the management of the public money; no up the system of delusion; for those who more did they imagine this, than their friend can be deluded by them; may be, and, by and supporter, Paul BENFIELD, with a all reasonable men, must be, considered as million in his purse and with eight members belonging to that class of animals which are of parliament at his back, imagined that he to be instructed only by chastisement, by should live to beg his bread. By the debate nothing but mere bodily safiering.– -There reporter, we are told, that, upon the occa- is, however, one topic, connected with sion above referred to, there was a loud, these endeavours' at further delusion, upon laugh from the Treasury Benches. Does which it is our duty to speak out; 1

mean, Paul Bentield, who doubtless, joined in that

the censure,

nay, the down-right abuse, laugh, läugh now? Does his friend Mr. which the ministerial writers are now heapDundas, though become a peer, laugh now? ing, without measure, upon the head of the Does his other friend, Mr. Pitt, though he unfortunate and ill-advised Einperor of Aushas been able to ketp his place for twenty tria; and this their conduct is the more cenlong years, laugh now? Does the country surable, and, indeed, detestable, as it must laugh now ? Mr. Burke warned them, at now be evident to the whole world, that his the time, that, though they appeared dead to misfortunes, his ruin as a great potentate, is the voice of all other admonishers, calamity to be chiefly ascribed to his having yielded to would become their teacher, and would in- those amongst his advisers who adopted the struct them through the means of their feel- precipitate councils of the English cabinet. ings. But, even Mr. Burke, with all his These ministerial writers were, the public prescience, never could have imagined, that must recollect, clamourously loud against the delusion would have continued so long; all those, who appeared to doubt of the firm. never could have imagined, that calamity ness of the Emperor Francis. They applaudand disgrace would have so long continued ed him ; oh! how they applauded him, to produce no effect as to the opening of the when he was fleeing through his dominions, eyes of the people; never could have ima- leaving them a prey to the French ! With gined, that the reign of delusion would have what delight, with what exultation, did they lasted to the days of the Two BULLETINS, find that he had sacrificed even his capital to and that, at last, it would have been success- to what they called the common cause! He fully carried on by the William Dundases, was then ic the best of men; " the “ fathe Wards, the Cannings, and the Huskis- - ther of his people ; à “ most beloved sons : even Mr. Burke, who had seen so « sovereign ;

“ gallant and magnanimuch of the folly and the perverse blindness “ mous prince," and every thing else that

Discounts,

а

[ocr errors]

93

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »