« PreviousContinue »
therefore, we shall prostrate ourselves, ax- our all; our just pride ; our benefactør; jously crying, Preserve! Oh, preserve ! vhat the beautifier and the augmenter of our ame. thou hast given us; the best, the most gra- liorating situation, and flourishing.com cious, the wisest of all princes. To you we merce; our increasing intelligence; our stretch our trembling arms and pray.' Have emulative arts and sciences; our improved mercy upon your children! Preserve your- system of infantine education ; our well-reself for ihem as long as Providence, moved gulated public seminaries; our religious beby our prayers, shall prolong a life so va- lief, and the freedom of the press; our wise Juable to the world and us. You can do it, laws, and their fatherly application. All great and good father! for where is the these are thy works, dear father of the country where the fame and high reputation country! And for their preservation for our of your governing virtues has not extended ? children, we shall again thank you, while Who is insensible to the very superior quali- intoxicated with delight, and with weeping fications of your person, united with all the eyes, thanking God also from the bottom of rare properties of your heart and mind? our hearts, with our uplifted arm, trembling Who' does not love and admire them? with joy, we
the most free and unWhere is it that the mere expressions of sullied homage ever yet offered by man; - your will would not be received with that that of hearts deeply affected and scarcely
esteem and obsequiousness due to the very able to contain their happiness. For it is oracle of wisdom itself? One word troin our highest pride, our most anxious wish, you,' and even that fate which now decides that so long as we live; yes, and if possible, upon the lot of nations shall pay homage to beyond the grave, in our children and their your will ! One word from you, and your latest descendants, to pay no allegiance but children, your happy, grateful children, shall to you and your princely posterity, and most be saved! Oh, speak this word, and speak it sensibly to continue to subscribe ourseles, 80 clearly and intelligibly, that even the with the most unfeigned devotion, the most threatening destiny itself shall hear, and the happy, grateful, and obediept children of world and posterity pay you that deference our great and good father, (Signed) ALL already due to the many rare examples you THE BRUNSWICKERS. have shewn, to which you will adıl the most precious of all others; that of a prince wlio VIENNA,
-Proclamation of the Emperor has no wis? to extend bis territory or in- of Austria, dated Vienna, Fel 1, 1806. crease his external greatzess, but only de- I have given peace to my good and sires to preerve the happiness of his legiti- | faithful people. My resolutions have unimate subjects. These traits of true prince- ted xith their wishes. I renounced all hopes Jy greatness, history wil preserve for you, of a change in the fortune of war, to banish as the most beautiful and costly of all dia- with promptitude all the dangers and sufferdems. Adorned by your virtues, history ings to which my flourishing country, and will represent these to posterity as a source, even the heart of the monarchy, my capital, of admiration, and an example, which wise and residence were exposed. The sacrifices legislators and tutors will anxiously recom- are great, and they were with difficulty mend to their pupils, and by virtue of which, wrung from my heart; but they could not they may, like your highress, attain to the stand in conipetition with the welfare, the highest degree of magnanimity. You, they domestic and civil welfare, of millions. For will be emulous to imitate. Humanity, these I made the sacrifice ; and I expect my which owes you so many thanks, will be laid indemnification in the blessings which are under peculiar obligations, for an example so pronised to my people by the return of necessary to our times; and your reign will, peace. I know no other happiress than by these means, become the fairest, the that of my people; and no glory superior to most efficacious, and enviable of all others; that of the father of those people who in being the dominion of the mind, the heart, loyalty, unshaken fidelity, and disirterested and the moral world: not inerely immortal | love to their sovereign and their country, in itself: but it will disseminate, all over the give place to no nation in Europe. The habitable globe, the genuine, though unob- fair fame of their national character bas trusive, reputation of a prince, in opposition exacted an unwilling tribute of esteer, er en to the childish and contemptible sing-song from the enemy; but in my heart they have of flattery; and shew how to distinguish fixed a monument
which time itself will not true greatness from the vanity of mere am- be able to destroy. Under these emotions, bition. · To us, to whom Providence has I returned to my residence, in the cirde of been so gracious as to give such a prince, my loyal and estimable citizens and inhabimay our great and good father still remain tants, and to the resumption of the direction of my affairs. The wounds inflicted by the Army, as stated in the Bulletins, « was war are deep: several years may be neces- 105,000 men, yiz. 80,000 Russians and sary to heal them, and to obliterate the im- “ 25,000 Austrians, and the French much pressions inflicted by the sufferings of this “ inferior."-But why were their numbers unfortunate period. The administration of not giren ?-Besides the Reserve, which the state has greater, and duties more diffi- alone was said to be equal to an army, the cult than ever to fulfil: and they will fulfil enemy's force consisted of four large divithem: but they have at the same time sions of 20,000 infantry and 3000 cavalry stronger claims than ever upon the co-opera- each, commanded by a Marshal and two tion of all classes, for the laudable purpose
Generals of Division. The Combined of restoring the vigour of the interior, by dis- Army, on the other hand, consisted of seminating the true culture of the mind, and 52,000, Russians and 17,000 Austrians.animating the national industry in all its But this inferiority in number was the least branches, through the restoration and in- misfortune in the Russian army : the scarcrease of the national credit; and by these city of provisions was so great, that for means to establish the monarchy upon that nearly two days preceding the battle, they basis which the variable fate of the states of had nothing to eat. The horses were faEurope has rendered necessary. Every mo
mished to such a degree, that those belongment of my life will be directed to this ob- ing to the artillery could no longer draw. ject, and devoted to the improvement of the Of course, in the battle, the artillery was of welfare of the noble and good people who little use, excepting in those stations where are dear to me as the children of my affec- it was at first planted. The total failure of tion. United by the mutual obligations of provisions and forage was alone sufficient to reciprocal confidence, and the cordial love of prevent our maintaining our post any longer my subjects, I shall only believe I have done at Olmutz, or to take another station further i enough for Austria, as a prince and a father,
in the rear. These circumstances urged the when its prosperity is again secured; when necessity of the battle, the happy result of the sufferings of the citizens are forgotten, which could only be expected from theyalour and nothing remains alive but the reniem- of the troops.--The Imperial Guard, of brance of my sacrifices, your fidelity, and which it is said in a Bulletin, that it lost all your exalted and unshaken patriotism. its colours, are still in possession of them, Francis.
and bave taken one pair from the enemy.
The Combined Arny, it is said, lost 15,000 CONTINENTAL WAR.-Russian official Ac- killed and 20,000 prisoners. Do they in
count of the Battle of Austerlitz, from the clude among these the 20,000 said to have Petersburg Journal of Feb. 2, 1906. been drowned ?-Afler so many forced
Troppau, Jan. 25.- Thc issue of the bat- marches, and so much fatigue and hunger tle of Austerlitz has been so well confirmed as had been sustained, with the sickness by its consequences, that it is almost incre- consequent thereunto; after the affairs upon dible how France could publish such extra- the Danube and in Moravia ; of the whole vagant and untrue relations of that affair. Russian army there is not a deficiency of All Europe, and the Russian nation in par- more than seventeen thousand men. But, ticular, justly expect a relation on our part. were the loss as considerable as the Bulletin The love of truth alone, and the wish to has pretended, why was not the Russian adduce none but well-authenticated facts, army pursued, as that Bulletin falsely ashave hitherto prevented the appearance of
serts? On the contrary, the Russian army this relation. In the mean while, it is ne- kept the field till the next morning. The Cessary to correct some of the statements of armistice was not concluded, but with the the French bulletins, particularly the 30th, Emperor of Germany, at whose particular and to lay them before the public.-General desire the Russians first commenced their Savary spoke with two persons only belonge retreat; and which was also effected in good ing to the Emperor's suite; and, excepting order and without loss, notwithstanding the these, he only saw some Field Adjutants, French partly assert, that during the negowho had brought dispatches from their ciations with Austria, the French army prochiefs, or were in waiting to transmit orders secuted its victories. To enhance the glory to them.-The Chict of the French nation of this day, the French Bulletin says, that might not have derived any pleasure from the French Guard (the reserve corps) took the conversa i jo of Prince Dolgorucky; but no part in the batile. The same Bulletin be at the same time forgot that the Russians however afterwards asserts, that when one. did not belong to those nations who sought French battalion was broken by the Russian .:s protection. The number of the Allied Guard, Buonaparte ordered Marshal Bes
'sieres to advance, and that the Inperial | my heart with sweeter emotions.-French Guards on both sides immediately came to men! I have not been deceived in my áction. The French Bulletins abound with hopes. Your love, more than the extent false statements, over which the pretended and the riches of your territory, constitute noise and distraction, occasioned by the dis- my glory. Magistrates, clergy, citizens, all charge of 200 pieces of cannon, ma con- have shewn themselves worthy of the high flict between 200,000 men, throw but a destinies of that admirable France, which, flimsy covering. Can it possibly serve the for two ages past, has been the object of the interests of a great generai to sauction such leagues and the jealousies of its neighbours. reports? Can he really stand in need of My minister of the interior will inform you such means as these to increase that military of the events which have taken place in the glory, which is not denied him? Posterily course of the year. My council of state will will do justice to the truth.
you plans of laws to ameliorate
the different branches of the administratim. FRANCE. - Speech of the Emperor Napo- | My ministers of finance, and of the public
icon, on the opening of the Legislative Bo- treasury, will lay before you the accounts dy. March 3, 1806.
which they have presented to me. You will Gentlemen, the deputies from the de- perceive by them the prosperous state of car partments to the legislative body; gentle- finances. Since my return, I have been inmen, the tribunes, and the nzembers of my cessantly occupied in giving to the adminiscouncil of state. Since your last session, the "tration that spring and activity which give greatest part of Europe has entered into a lite to the extremities of this vast empire. coalition with England. My armies have My people will have no new burdens to bear, never ceased to conquer, excepting when I but new plans will be proposed to you, reordered them to combat no longer. I have specting the system of the finances, the bases avenged the rights of the feeble states, op- of which were established last year. I intend pressed by the strong. My allies have in- to diminish the immediate impositions which creased in power, and in consequence. My bear upon the land alone, and to replace a enemies have been humbled and confound
part of these charges by indirect duties. ed; the House of Naples has irrecoverably Through the elements we have lost some lost its crown; the whole of the Peninsula ships, after an engagernent imprudently comof Italy forms a part of the Great En.pire. menced. I cannot too much praise the 1, as supreme head, have guaranteed the greatness of soul, and the attachment which sovereiga, and the constitutions that govern the King of Spain has shewn in these c. the different departments. ---Russia only cumstances for the common cause. I amu owes the return of the wreck of her army to desirous of peace with England. On my the advantages of the capitulation which I part, I shall never retard that moment. I granted it. Able to have overturned the shall be always ready to conclude it in adoptImperial Throne of Austria, I have confirming, for its bases, the stipulations of the Treaed it. The conduct of the Cabinet of Vien- ty of Amiens.—Gentlenien, deputies to the na will be such as will prevent posterity legislative body, the attachment you have from reproaching me for any want of fore- shew'n to me, the manner in which you have sight. I have yielded an entire confidence to seconded me in the late sitting, leave me 10 the protestations which have been made to
doubt of your assistance. Nothing shall be me by its Sovereign. Besides, the high des- proposed to you, but that which is necessiry tinies of my crown do not depend upon the to guarantee the glory and safety of my geutiments and dispositions of foreign courts, people. Mi people will always support my throne Eginst all the efforts of hatred or jealousy; , FRENCH ANNUAL Exposé, at the Openirg I saerifice will be painful to them to secure of ths Session of the Legislative Body ct that first interest of the country: --Pred in Paris, March 3, 1906. camps, and in camps that have always been Messieurs the Deputies of the Legislative triumphant, I ought to acknowledge that, in Bodly, I am charged by his Majesty the Em. the late events, my soldiers have exceeded
peror to give you an account of tie state of my expectations. It is pleasing also to me the einpire during the past year.--Its destinies to dectare, that my people have also fulfilled had just been fixed on an immoveable bas's; 3 the extent of their duties. In the heart of | ceremony, the recollection of which will forra Moravia, I never ceased for an instant to ex- an epoch in its annals, had raised the Chic perieuce the effect of their love and enthu- of the State, and his augets family, to de siasm Never have they given me any marks nity wbich the wishes and the wants of Irene of their attachment, which have penetrated required, when you last year met in the place, which was consecrated by his presence. vices; inspected, in person, the minutest deIn the midst of you shone the first rays of that tails ; and, wherever he went, he left, in the immortal lustre, with which the bonage o: mesures of his sublime wisdom, durable the people, and the benediction of Heaven, monuments of his passage.--Troyes was first have invested him, a happy omen for the la- honoured with his presence, and obtained bours you were about to undertake. Ac- his first bounty; this bounty promises all cordingly, your operations have answered his existence worthy of its ancient celebrity. expectation, for they have all been useful. The project of a navigation of the Seine, by Love for the public weal, and the inspiration the same vessels, from Paris to Chatillon, not of genius, lizre guided your steps, and the far from its source, is conceived; the details imity established in the empire, and so so- of it are completed. The improvement of lemnly proclaimed, has appeared to infuse that of the Saone is projected; the towns still more harmony into your sentiments and which it bathes are receiving embellishyour deliberations.--The Emperor, in his ments; the quay's of Chalons, Tournus, and. turn, hadd announced to you, that he looked Macon, are to be improved and enlarged. upon liis new honours as a great debt. To Macou will have a cathedral erected within acquit himself of this debt, erery moment of its walls, more beautiful than that whose dehis life bas been devoted. You know whe- |struction it regrets; the Emperor contributes ther he has fulfilled his promises, and how to this edifice a considerable sum iron bis far he has surpassed your expectations; you private reremies. The Seine, rendered 1 i-. know yrith wiiat erents, perhaps you will say vigable, will be a new benefit for the Departwith what prodigies, a year, scarcely elapse, ment of the Saone and Loire ; the Departhas teemed. These I will recapitulate, with- merrt of L'Ain awakes at the sight of its out pretending to give a complete account of Sovereign, who vivities every thing, and wito them, or to describe their immense results. manifests an ardent desire to increase its inEurope, still motionless with astonishment pristry, and to correct the insalubrity of a and terror, and France, transported with ad. | portion of its territory.--Lyous, already iniration and love, render it unnecessary for loaded with the bounties of him who rebuilt mne to say what I should in vain attempt to its edifices, and re-peopleci its naanufactories, cxpress.--Scarcely wete your labours con- las no further wishes to form, and is anxious cluded, when the Emperor resolved to visit only to pour forth its just transports to the a part of France. If lie were every where deliverer whom it loves. But the solicitude: greeted with the most lively and the most of the Emperor, for this capital of French inunanimous testimonies of public affection, if i dustry, is not extrusted; and when his subthe inliabitants of the city and of the country, jects are filled only with gratitude, his eye ran to-meet him, ottering ile homage of their discovers farther means of accelerating the gratitude and of their love, he has not expe- progress of a prosperity continually increase rienced a pleasure less grateful to his heart, ing since the comnencament of his reign. in beholding, with his own eyes, the results The southern provinces of the city will be of an Administration, incessantly animated, rendered salubrious; the Rhone will be refor the last six years, by the most generous' strained within its banks, and brought nearer solicitude for the welfare of the people, and to the city, which it seems inclined to abanthe restoration of public order. He has seen don ; wise regulations secure fidelity in the the traces of our misery effaced, and their manufactories, and the contidence of the fomemory of them almost extinguished; the reign consumer, without injuring the liberty laws respected, the Magistrates zealously de- of industry; rewards, decreed by the Einroted to their duty, morals improved, reli- peror himself, redouble the emulation of the gious ideas honoured, l'rench urbanity re- workman ; a drawing-school will insure the stored to its former delicacy. If some ame- improrement of the art. Lyons, coinmuniliorations still remain to be effected, they cating with the sea towards the South, very were not such reparations as succeed great soon with the Rhine by the Canal Napoleon; disasters, but improrements which belong to with the Ocean and the Channel by the a period of tranquillity and of prosperity ; Saone, the Loire, and the Seine ; with yet the Emperor wished to be made ac- Switzerland and with Piedmeut, will become quainted with them, and to accomplish them. a mart, the bappy situation of which cannot He sent for all those who, by their functions, fail to render it the centre of a widely-extendor their intelligence, were capable of second- ed commerce.--The ancient Savoy, long oping his views; admitled all those who had pressed by the politics of its sovereigns, happy favours to solicit; gave a favourable recep- is being united by its laws to a comtiy to tion to their demands; proveked and lis- which it alwars belonged lyy its manners, tened to their observations; rewarded ser- presents to the Emperor, bearts, whose sides, lity has already been tried. Every thing is | Piedmont, formerly conquered by arms, is in motion in its vallies, formerly almost in- now naturalised by bounty-Every part of accessible,and which will speedily be opened | Piedmont will owe to this period important to the most productive communications; but institutions. Turin, Casal, Alexandria; the great operations, of which it is the thea- Turin, formerly the residence of a court; tre, do not cause its minutest interests to be Casal, the ancient capital of Montsurat, long neglected. The palace of Chambery is rising naturalised by affections and by manners; again from its ashes; deserted edifices are Alexandria, around which, as on their pirestored to public utility; asylums are opened vot, have revolved great military operations. for indigence; resting-places are afforded to Turin, widowed of her kings, is eonsoled the traveller ; the seeds of industry are scat- by an august promise; a brother of the Emtered over a soil to which they appeared to peror will govern that beautiful country, and be strangers.—The Emperor crossed the his well-known character guarantees the hap. Alps, by the route which his genius had piness which he will cause it to enjoy; he planned, and which his power has executed. will reside at Turin; an amiable and brilliant Here a new scene presented itself to his court will restore to that city much more view ; Piedmout still exhibits some vestiges than it has lost; its inagnificent palace will of a revolution, less terrible, but more re- be the abode of beneficence and of the cent than ours. It appears not to be entire
Graces. Formerly, a gloomy fortress, surly French, either by the sentiments which rounded by enemies ; now opened to France prevail in it, or by the advantages it enjoys. and Italy, of which it seems to be the bond, The Emperor, who had twice appeared un- it is encircled only by amicable nations, and der the walls of Turin, at the head of a vic- commerce and the arts hastening to resort to torious army, but did not enter that city; it, will lavish upon it their blessings. Casal, from respect for misfortune, or weakness, forgotten to this day, but zealously devoted entered it for the first time ; he there ap- to the chief of the empire, has greeted him peared as the father of his new children, with acclamations, and not uttered a single without soldiers, without guards ; attended complaint. The Emperor las anticipated only by the benefits he brought with him, all its wishes, a lyceum, a bishop's see, and greater and more powerful for this noble se- tribunals, restore life to that handsome city; curity. The affection to which he confided concessions enrich it. · These benefits will was displayed on every side. The Piedmon- | give a rapid development to the advantages tese shewed themselves worthy of the con- it derived from its happy situation, from a fidence with which he honours them. The favourable climate, and all the gifts of napublic bomage supplied him with a retinue; ture. Alexandria, proud of receiving withthe wealthy ir dividuals, in a separate body, in its walls the same brave men whose vietopressed around him; unsteady administra- ry it beheld, and by whom it was conquered,, tions, borrowing light from his genius, pro- celebrated their arrival as a triumphant fes. ceeded with a more firm and more regular tival; they were assembled within its walls. step ; abuses are reformed, languishing com- The Conqueror ot Marengo was surrounded merce is revived, new markets are promised by the companions of his glory, in that plain it; uncertainty is fixed; opinions are recon- which was the illustrious theatre of it. The ciled; those who, in difficult times, devoted prizes of valour were distributed by the themselves to the interests of France, are same hands that directed their exploits; ! assured that faithful France will not forget monument is consecrated to the manes of their services; those who, impressed with those who sacrificed themselves for their the bounty of their former masters, thought country. The people of Italy, assembling chat misfortune added to the duties of gra- to this spectacle, celebrated, with the French titude, learn that their new sovereign is too soldiers, the anniversary of a day which generous, to remember any thing, but that tised their destinies, by confirming those of zeal, of which they have shewn themselves France. In such places the French will alcapable; services are rewarded; be their ways be sure to conquer; there will be estadate. what it may, and the new country to blished the builwark of the empire, there which it is annexed, acquits debts of the will rise the first fortined town in Europe. ol). The principal families admitted to the The rivers are turned to protect its circumImperial Throne, diffuse around them the ference; the most profound combinations of lustre of the honours they have received ; art direct immense operations, on which the great land-owners, without hoping for more than twelve millions of francs have the restoration of any privilege, have no ex- been expended. The Emperor has trace i clusion to lear; every thing assumes the the pion, and followed all the details; it place assigned to it by wisdom and justice; renders Alexandria the seat of all the great