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English troops in the North of Germany is PRUSSIA, -Papers relative to Prussia, become ; since the retreat of the foreign

presented by his Majesty's Command to troops is the condition upon which France both Houses of Parliament, April 21, has pronzised not to order her troops to re1800.

enter Hanover, and since also it was upon No. I. Copy of a Dispatch from Francis this suppositicn alone, that the King gua

Jomes Jackson, Esc. to the Right Hon. ranteed heir security, I presume, tbat Lord Lord Mulgrave, dated Balin, Jan. 27, Catheert has already received, and is upon 1806.

the point of executing the orders of his court My LORD;I have the honour of for the reiurn of those troops, for which inclosing to your Lordship a letter, which, transports have been waiting for some time al'hough dated yesterday, I have just re- past. · I have, however, to request, Sir, tirat ceived (4 p. m.) from Baron Hardenberg - you would, for the purpose of still further I hasten to forward it by Estafette to the dispatch, write to the commander-in-chief Agent at Cuxhaven, in the hopes of its ar- 1 on the subject, and, acquainting him with riving there in time for the Thursday's pack- the present circumstances, that you would iet. I also send to Lord Cathcart, by Esta-induce him to hasten, so far as depends on tette, a copy of the Prussian Minister's letter him, a ineasure, in wbich these circumstanto me. I shall simply acknowledge the re- ces, and the approaching arrival of our ceipt of ii; and inform his excellency, that I troops, will not admit of any delay. I rehave forwarded his communication to your quest you to accept, &c. (Signed) HABlordship. I have the honour to be, &c. F. | DENBERG. Berlin, Jan. 26. I. JACKSON.

No. 2.-His Prussian Majesty's ProclameTranslation of Inclosure in No. I. tion on taking temporary possession of the SIR;--I hasten to fulfil the promise given Electorate of Hanover, dated Jan. 27, to Lord Harrowby, on the 8th of this month, 1806. to communicate to you, Sir, as soon as a ti-?! We, Frederic William, by the grace of nal decision should be taken on the subject, God, King of Prussia, &c. &c. hereby make the additional circumstances relating to the ; known, &c. After the events which have $ucurity of the North of Germany, and to terminated in peace between Austria and the guarantee by the King, of the safety of France, all our endeavours have been directthose British troops which are in that part of ed to ward off from these districts the flames the Continent.-A messenger from Munich of war, and its disastrous consequences, has just brought his Maj. intelligence of the which momentarily threatened the North of consummation of the arrangements which Germany, and particularly the countries of the present conjuncture of attairs has in- the Electorate of Brunswick, , With this duced him to enter into with France, in or- view, and as the only possible means to atder to save those countries, and especially tain it, a convention has been made and onthe States of Hanover, from the misfortunes cluded between us and the Emperor of the of another ruinous war, and to insure their French, in pursuance of which, the states of tranquillity. : As these arrangemeuts stipu- his Brit. Maj. in Germany will not be again late particularly the committing of that occupied by French, or other troops comcountry to the exclusive guard of the Prus- bined with thein; and, till the conclusion sian troops, and to the adıninistration of the of a general peace, will be wholly occupied King, until the conclusion of a peace be- and governed by us; in pursuance of which, tween England and France, his Maj. could we have caused the Brunswick Electoral not delay taking the necessary measures for Countries to be occupied by the corps under the entry therein of a corps of his army, the command of our General of Cavalry, which will be under the orders of his Exc. Count Vonder Schulenburgh Kehnert, to the Gen. of Cavalry, Court Schulenberg whom, in our name, and till the peace, we Kelinert, to whom also the King has con- entrust the administration of the said counfided the administration of the country. His tries, in such manner that, through him, Maj. animated by the most lively desire to and the commission of government which see the importance and the urgency of the he may, think proper to appoint, all affairs motives which have indąced him to take relating to the government of the country these steps, justly appreciated by his Britan- may be transacted, and the necessary orders nic Nkaj. and bis enlightened ministers, has thereto communicated to the interior madirected Baron Jacobi to give a detailed ex- gistracy and magistrates.We therefore planation thereof at London.-It would be charge, as well those, as the prelites, nobles, superfluous to point out to your attention, citizens, and all subjeets and inhabitants of how urgent and indispensible in the present the said country, without exception, to constate of affairs, the re-embarkation of the forn themselves duly to these dispositions male for their welfare; and also to the Maj. relies, with the greatest ronfidence, on commands of our before-mentioned com- bis Prussian Majesty's declaration, that the inissaries of administration, and be commis- present occuperjun is merely temporary; but sion by thium to be appointed, as well with his Maj. cannot but express a wish, ihat the regard to civil as miitary affairs; not only declaration on this point were more solemnnot ilrowing my impediment in the way of ly made in the face of Europe. The honour our troops which are to march in, but to as- of the Court of Berlin, as well as the consisist and allord them all the incormation in deration mutually due to each other from their power; and in tlie high or miore gene- two princes, so nearly connected in blood ral affairs of the country, and also in propo- and alliance, seem to call for a clear explasitions and petitions thereto relating, alone nation on this important subject.-His Maj. and only to address themselves to the before- on his part desires to be equally explicit, and nieiitioned cominissaries of adnuinistration, to put an end to all hopes, it such indeed as standing highest under our immediate or- bave been entertained by the Court of Ber: ders. As by this measure we have in view lin, that any convenience of political arthe repose and tranquillity of the Norih of ; rangement, much less any offer of equivalent Germany and of the Brunswick States, so or indemnity, will ever induce his Maj. so we have resolved to pay out of our Treasury far to forget what is due to his own legitifor the necessaries for our troops, according mate rights, as well as to the exemplary fito the peace establishment, and leaving the delity and attachment of his Hanorexian subextraordinary expenses of a state of war to jects, as to consent to the alienation of the be defrayed by the country; while we, on Electorate.--His Maj. learns with concern, another hand, shall take care in general, that that it is in agitation to give up Anspach and its revenues, during our adininistration, afier other parts of his Prussian Majesty's donnideducting the experises of govt., sball only be nions to Bavaria, in consequence of a conappropriated to its advantage.-We further | vention with France, but he does not prepromise, that our trocps shall observe the tend any right to interfere, or to give any strictest discipline; that attention shall be opinion, with respect to the propriety of the given to all just complaints; and, in general, measures, whatever they may be, which his that every quiet and peaceable inbabitant Prussian Maj, may dcem eligible for the inshall be maintained in bis property and terests of his crown and people; at the rights, and, in case of need, be vigorously saine time it is to be.observed, that his Maj. protected'; but that, on the contrary, those whether in his capacity of King of Great who may refuse to conform themselves to Britain, or in that of Elector of Hanover, the dispositions concluded on, and the mea- was in no wise a party to the convention aldures which have been taken, or who may luded to, or responsible for its consequences. sare to counteract them in anywise, will The cessions, therefore, which his Prussian have to reproach theniselves íor the rigid Maj. may inake to his Majesty's enemies, and disagreeable contequences which will can surely never be alleged as a justification unavoidably result to them. Given under of taking to himself his Majesty's lawtul inthe signature of our hand, at Berlin, the 27th heritance.--His Maj., therefore, bepes ibat Jan. 1906. (L.S.) FREDERIC WILLIAM. bis Prussian Maj. will follow the honourabia Von HARDENBERG.

dictates of his own heart, and will demonNo.3.-Copy of a Note from Mr. Secretary strate to the world, that whatever sacrifices

For to Baron Jacobi Kloest, dated 17th the present circumstances înay induce him March, 1806.

to make, with respect to his own territo. The undersigned is commanded by his ries, he will not set the dreadful example of Maj, to state to Baron Jacobi Kloest for the indemnifying himself at the expense of a information of his court, the great anxiety third party, whose sentiments and conduet felt by his Maj. at the manner in which towards his Prussian Maj. and his subjects, possession has been taken of the Electorate have been uniformly friendly and pacific. of Hanover. If his Prussian Maj, judged it Downing-street, March 17, 1806. expedient, in order to prevent French troops (Translation of No. 4.) - Note Verbale. froin approaching so near that part of his Until the explosion of the last contia frontier, to take to himself the military oc- nental war, his Prussian Maj. had no other cupation of the Electorate, it does not ap-object in view, than to secure the tranquil. pear to his Maj, that it was by any means lity of his monarchy, and that of the neighnecessary that the civil govt, of that unhappy bouring states.--He was then able to effect country should be subverted, or that an ar- this upon terms which inet the entire approa my more numerous, and consequently more: bation of every court. He has been desin injurious to the inhabitants, than necessity rous of doing the same since the leading required, should be maintained there. His out of the prese:It war. But the choice vi the means has no longer been in his power, for taking definitive possession of Hanoter, France has considered Hanover as her con- dated Berlin, 1st April, 1806. quest, and her troops were on the point of We, Frederick William III. King of entering it for the purpose of disposing of it Prussia, &c. hereby make known what foldetinitively, according to the pleasure of the lows : The wish to preserve and to secure to French Emperor, without the possibility of our true subjects, and to the states of the his Britannic Majesty's preventing it.- The North of Germany bordering upon our prooccupation of that country by his Prussian vinces, the continuance of the blessings of Maj., and the shutting of the ports in the peace; was at all times the object of our unGerman seas, and that of Lubeck, against ceasing efforts. We fattered ourseives that the British flag, (as was the case during the we should attain this desirable end, by the possession of Hanover by the French), were

resolution which we took in consequence of the indispensible conditions of an arrange

late occurrences, and which we made known ment by which the country is secured by our patent of the 27th of Juin. by which against the entry of foreign troops, and the

the states of the Electoral House of-Brunsquiet of the North of Germany preserved.-

wick Luneburg were to be occupied by our This has not been obtained without painful troops, and taken into our civil administrasacrifices on his Majesty's part. Those of

tion. But as, since that time, the actual octhe House of Hanover are in no llegree to be

cupation of the states of Havorer, in exattributed to the King's measures, but are

change for the cession of three provinces of the inevitable consequences of a war,

which our monarchy, has become indispensibly néhis conciliating policy has in vain endeavour- cessary to the permanent tranquillity of our ed to prevent. This war might have pro

subjects and of the bordering states, we have duced still more serious consequences. The

signed a convention with his Maj. the Entreaty between Prussia and France at least peror of the French, King of Italy, in conprotects the Northern States from farther

formity to which, the legal possession of the evils, and could every power but duly appre

states of the Electoral House of Brunswick ciate how much they are indebted to the

Luneburg, belonging by the right of consystem he has adopted, the King would with quest to bis Imperial Maj. is granted to us in justice obtain the gratitude of all.

exchange for the cession of three of our pro

vinces, and in virtue of farther solemn gua5.

- Proclamation of Count Schulen- rantees on each side.--In conformity to this, burgh, announcing the Shutting of the we hereby declare, that the countries of this Ports of the North Sea against the British

Electoral House of Brunswick Luneburg in Ships and Trade, dated Hanover, 28th Germany, from this time forth, are to be March, 1806.

considered as being in our possession, and In a treaty which has been concluded

subject to our power alone. From this time between his Maj. the King of Prussia, my

forth, the govt. and administration of these most gracious Sovereign, and his Imperial alone in our naine, and under our supreme

states will be administered exclusively, and Maj. the Emperor of France and King of Italy, it has been stipulated, that the ports

authority. We require accordingly hereby of the North Sea, as well as all rivers run

the different magistrates dutifully to continue

the functions confided to them, in our name, ning into it, shall be shut against the British

and under the superior controul of Gen. ships and trade, in the same manner as when the French troops occupied the states of Ha

Count de Shulenbourg Kelmert, who is

named onr commissioner, and of the comnover. In conformity to the orders I have

mission formed by him. We expect no less received, I nake this known to those whom

from the nobility, the prelates, the burghers it may concern, that they may guard against the consequences, as the troops of the King themselves willingly to this new 'order of

and subjects of these states, that they submit my master have received orders to warn off and not to admit such English ships as may

things, from which a new epoch of tranendeavour to enter these ports and rivers,

quillity and of happiness will shine fortlı, and as all necessary and proper measures

and give thereby a proof of their devoted at

tachment and love for their country, and of will be adopted to prevent the introduction

their sentiments towards us; as we on oor and transit of British goods.' (Signed) The Compte de SCHULENBURG KEHNERT, His

side shall certainly neglect no means of de Prussian Majesty's Gen. of Cavalry and

monstrating our paternal solicitude for thein, Commander-in-Chief of the Corps d'Armée, given at Berlin, ist April

, 1806. - (Signed)

and our wish to render them happy. So Hanover, 28th March, 1906.

FREDERICK WILLIAM. SCHOLENBURG. No. 6.- Proclamation of his Prussian Maj. | HaugWit2.

No.

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VOL. IX. No. 18.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 3, 1906.

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“ It is peculiarly, the duty of the House of Commons to warch over the purse of the nation; and, it is the " daty of the nation to come forward and encourage the House of Commons to proceed with activity and rigour in its laudable efforts to bring to punishment all those who have wasted the public money,

especialty in cases, where, to such waste, is joined a daring violation of the law." LORD TEM ÉLE'S Speech at the county meoring in Hampshire, on the 10th of May, 1905. 641)

- [642 SUMMARY OF POLÍTICS:

complain of, might speak, he might com. AFFAIRS of India. “ (Continued from plain, he night even make a Charge; but pages 171, 197, 237, 303, 368, 460, 530, he did it.“ at his peril." Oh! what an exo 545, and 009.) Since the state of the pro- cellertt motto to write up over the door of ceedings against Lord Wellesley was given the Whig-Club room! - In the last dein page 024, there has been but one debate, bate, the Marquis of Douglas and Mir. Wipd. in the House of Commons, upon the subject; ham expressed their decided disapprobatiod and that was on Monday, the 28th instant, of the manner, in which Mr. Paull had been upon a motion made by Mr. Paull for print- treated at the time of bringing forward his ing the Charge, which he, as the reader was Charge. The public had expressed their informed, laid upon the table on the prece- disapprobation before ; and, whatever may ding Tuesday, and a report of which charge, be thought of it, the feeling which that treatas given in the newspapers, will be found in ment has excited, from one end of the couns, page 615.-Mr. Paul), in making his mo- try to the other, will not be easily done tion on the 29th, began by producing seve- away.---Mr. Paull, in the debate, to the ral precedents, showing that he was perfect subject of which we will now return, te ly regular in bringing forward his Charge minded the House, that, in the papers which previous to the production of any documents, had been delivered the day after his Charge or other evidence, in support of it'; and, was laid upon the table, there was evidence. from one precedent, it appeared, that so in support of his Charge, and that, upon this perfect is, or was, the right of impeachment ground, he now demanded, as his right, that in every meinber of the house, that any the Charye should be printed. He went, member had a right to prefer a charge against into a very long, and a very able statement, any subject of the realm upon the ground to show how those papers bore upon the of mere report, or rumour! Yet, be it recol- subject of the Charge. He clearly shewed, lected, that, on the 22d instant, the " Man that this was the sort of evidence which Mr.

of the People" told Dir. Paull, that he pre- Fox and Mr. Sheridan had represented as ferred the charge 's at his peril!". This is a necessary to render the printing of the phrase that ought never to be forgotten. It Charge proper; and, after much manly ania, is the boldest attack that ever was made madversion upon the conduct of his oppoupon the privileges of the people as weli as nents, he couchinled by saying, that he had of their representatives. What does a asked no one to second his motion, being remember of parliament speak at his peril? solved to leave it to the House to second it, And what is the difference between a charge or not, just as they pleased; wheret:pon MR. made verbally and a charge made in writing? MARTIN of Tewksbury, following the so Many are the attempts, which, at different much applanded example of Sir WILLIAM periods of our history, have been made to GEARY, who seconded the motion for taking pare down the privileges of members of par- the Charge into consideration, rose and seliament; but this is an attempt to cut threin conded his motion. This conduct reflects taps by the roots. The privileges of parlia- great honour on these two gentlemen. It ment that are really useful to the people, attords us an instance of the value of inden are those of the individual member ; but, of pendent men, though they may not be given late years, particularly, the great object of to make long speeches. This is the proper ministers seems to have been to fritter these mode of proceeding. A member of parliaa away, and to make a loud noise about the ment sees cause to impeach a nun. He privileges of the House; that is to say, of brings his charge. He calls for tbe evidence the mająrity, and that is to say, of the mi- to support it. Both come before the House; nistry. Mi, Paull might, indeed, speak and, when the House are in possession of ha, who had seen that which he came to them, it is for them to do what they i lease.

This is a thousand times better than im- three pages of papers - It was to be peachment by a party; wbich, besides that sure, with singular propriety that Mr. Sheri. it can seldom be kept distinct from party dan joined in this cry! Mr Sheridan, tlo, inotives, that is to say, motives tery closely so long ago as the year 1802, called for vor connected with the hope of getting into Jumes of papers relative to this same Lord place, is pretty sure to be embarrassed by ca- Wellesley's conduct in the Carnatic. He bals, intrigues, and compromises.- Once obtained these papers. Volumes indeed more to come back to the debate; Messrs. were they. They have been upon the table Fox, Sheridan, Lord Henry Petty, Dr. Lau- of the House of Commons ever since 1803. rence, and several others spoke, and, though Not a motion has be yet made upon thein, they wished the motion to be withdrawn, though he has repeatedly pledged himself to for the present, said they would yote for it,

prosecute the inquiry to the ntmost. Now if the Honse divided. The two former did, he comes and tells the House,' that he still however, still adhere to their former com- thinks the transactions in the Carnatic môst plaint, that Mr. Pauli, after having moved fagitious; but, that he will not stir the subfor, and obtained, volumes of papers relative ject, lest he should thereby divide the minisa to other parts of Marqnis Wellesley's con- try! And yet this, this, this is the gentleman, duct, had passed over them, and bad now who, in that same House of Commons, brought a charge without any papers at all. stands up and reproaches Mr. Pawl with But, they forgot to answer what Mr, Paull having called for papers without proceeding had before said, and which was perfectly to ground a charge upon them! What could true, that the papers relative to no one of his make a man think of acting thus? Why, I other intended charges were yet, in a com- should be glad to know, is Mr. Sheridan to plete state upon the table, though some of be allowed this latitude any more than Mr. them had been moved for in the last session Paull, or any other manIs it, that Mr. of parliament. The papers relating to the Paull is not a brother? It would seem as if Oude Charge, for instance, consist of Nos. he were regarded as an alien; an intruder from 1 to 5; and, No.3, which is by far the an evil-minded person come to disturb the inost bulky, is not delivered to this day order of the combat for place and emolia With what reason, then, was he reproached ment. Mr. Fox said, in the debate of for not bringing some other Charge! And, Monday, that Mr. Paull had called for " what was left for him to do, but to bring a “ lumes of papers, none of which had beenCharge first, and call for the documents af

" refused him." No: not refused in words, terwards ? But, there is something so unfair but in act. Granted to him, but not put into and unjust in this representation about " von his hands. And, besides, did Mr. Fox forlumes of papers," that I must descend to get what had passed on the 19th of Marcb, particulars in order to expose it. : Mr. Paull when Mr. Hiley Addington, seconded by had moved for papers, in the last session of Lord Temple, brought forward a motion to parlianient, he liad moved for some in this authorise the ministers to withhold, at their session. Obstacle upon obstacle, delay upon discretion, any of the India papers that has delay, had intervened; and, at the time leen-ordered by the House. Mr. Fox was not when he laid his charge 'upon the table, at decided as to the propriety of this inotion : the very time wheri Messrs. Fox and Sheri- be found there were precedents for it; and, dan were reproaching him with having got reader, observe, that these precedents were volumes of papers without grounding any set by Lord Castlereagh! This made Mr. charge upon them; at that moment, the Fox hesitate. He sat down without giving whole of the papers, called for by him, and aby opinion; and the motion was, at last, delivered, amounted to no more than fifty- withdrawn, when it appeared, that there. four pages! And, at the moment when i am was a general feeling of indignation rising writing, the papers, thus called for and de- against it. Not “refused," not actually selivered, amount, in the whole, to only two fused, to be sure ; but, the public will now hundred and thirty-three pages! The papers be quite able to judge of the readiness, with. are now lying before me; and, as to the de- which the papers have been granted.lay in the printing, there are twenty print- The motion of Mr. Paull was, as it has aling offices in London, at either of' which the ready been observed, 'seconded by Mr. Mar-, whole could have been printed in forty-eight tin of Tewksbury. Mr. Bragge (of wbom hours

.. Where, then, are we to look for we have not heard much since the 10th Reas the candour, for the justice, which dictated port appeared) moved the previous question. the cry of " volumes of papers;" And, where His motion was secunded by Mr. Corry, the are we to look, too, for the real cause of the late Chancellor of the Excheques for Ire delay in pruducing these two hundred and land. buth motivas werez at Jast, with

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