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islands, and more especially Jamaica, be- “ the French, the Dutch, the Spaniards, or cause if he cannot sell there, he will have to the devil."--I have been induced to give no ulterior resort.- I think it, altogether, you the above quotation from having heard unnecessary to say any thing more to shew it mentioned in the House upon the report that it behoves the West-India planter, of the bill, that the planters themselves above all others, to oppose the present bill, had evinced no dissatisfaction at the prohibio which in every point of view is injurious to tion.-I am, Sir, your constant realer, and his interests; because it not only renders obedient servant.-C.'S.-20th April, 1806. more uncertain and more expensive the supply of labourers for his estates, but after
MR. WINDHAM'S PLAN. having got them, it renders those very la- SIR, Your indulgence to my letter of bourers of less value to him, by limiting the 8th instant, emboldens me to attempt a his market, if he has occasion to sell them. – few further observations on the proposed It is a most erroneous notion, that our change in military affairs. However much islands have but little concern in the dis- the rain and the weak may feel the loss of couragement of the British slave merchant ; their empty titles, and ġandy trappings, by the planter must share in the burthens of the change of the volunteers, I am persuaded the merchant; one strong proof of this is, the principal cause of that ferment now the present enormous price of slaves, occa- existing in the country is, the idea of the dissioned in a great degree by American com- tinction admitted by the new plan, by which petition unrestricted by limitations. The the richer classes are to be allowed to amuse length of this letter deters me from offering themselves in the present trifling system; observations on the consequences, that must and which gives to the training, which if result from the loss of those valuable re.. borne by all, would have been a hardship to turns, of bullion, dying stuffs, &c. which none, the odious appearance of oppression are so important to our colonies and manu- on the lower classes. An absurd outcry has factories; I cannot, however, dismiss the been raised against the plan of mixing all subject without adding a quotation from alet- ranks and conditions of men at these drills ter which the last packet brought me from a I should like much to know what infection respectable gentleman, who, encouraged by in body or in mind, the most delicate or cona his Majesty's proclamation, established him- scientious can inhale, by standing or maring self as a planter at Surinam.-" The cla- in a line, where silence and order must be "mour here (against the order in council the basis of every operation. It surely can" in August last for prohibiting the impor not be any of those, who as officers of the "tation of slaves) is universal; the Dutch volunteers, hare been in the daily habit of
say, and very truly, that when they sur- coaxing, begging and beseeching erery shoe " rendered to the British, their faith was black in their corps to fuvour them withi
pledged that Surinam should enjoy the their attention, who are so squeamishly scru" same privileges with the others (his Ma- pulous. But, Sir, without forming any asy,
jesty's) colonies. The new beginners, on lum, merely for the convenience of such
estates, are ruined by the order; and the men, they have the option of another species “ holders of uncultivated lots, that they of service, in the ranks of the yeomanry, " have paid for, and upon which they have which under proper regulations will in time
paid all the taxes, &c. are pour ainsi dire, of need be found a most useful description of
deprived, if not of their property, of all force, and well adapted for every purpose of " the value of it; namely, the right of desultory warfare. These corps should be "cultivation. From the construction our arranged in squadrons, under the command " lieut.-governor has put upon the order of an officer with rank of captain, and a cer, " and the conditions annexed to obtaining tain number of these squadrons should be “ the lisnited supply, the order amounts to placed under the direction of an officer of
a prohibition, insonuch, that I do not cavalry; not a general, followed by inspecs expect to see any more negroes sold here tors, aids-de-camp, &c. &c.; but under an
publicly. If there exists a cause stronger intelligent and active officer, who would be « than another that makes the negroes dis- more properly termed an instructor than an “ satisfied, it is the want of women, par- inspector, whose duty and authority should
ticularly upon the new plantations in the enable him to act, not to look and bow to " 'Saramacca, where you will frequently these men. This officer of course should be “ find estates with 100 men and 5 women. appointed by his Majesty, and in the army. " In fact, government must extend the im- The abuses that have taken place in the ap-.
portation here, for a short time, or else pointment of the inspectors, will show the " the coloay had better be in the hands of necessity of this latter regulation. The rules
under which these werd appointed will be ration, rendered still more inportant by its found in the Register, Vol. IV. page 499. cordial adoption by Mr. Fox, who avows that And after reading these rules, I would ask he felt particular pleasure in announcing it any man, if he should expect to find in the to the Prussian minister. I mean his Mas list of these inspectors, field officers whose jesty's explicit assurance, that “ no conselaurels were gained in the fencibles or mili- 6 nience of political arrangenient shall in. tia; officers, who in the midst of a war duce him to consent to the alieciation of bad sold out of the army to the best bidder ;
a the Electorate.". -Now, this leads to a or, Jeast of all, officers who had been order conclusion, which cannot fail to be highly ed to quit the service ? Can we wonder, Sir, alarming to every man who feels the presat the complaints against these meu, or at sure of the war; (and who is there that is their fulsonie complinents? Who can have not tremblingly alive to such feelings?) for 50 perverted the meaning of distinguished re
it holds out to us the comfortable prospect, putation, as to reconnuend sucli appoint that our cabinet will be little inclined to any ments ?: I do not pretend to say, but I can- negociation, which shall not have for its las mot suppose it possible that the commander- sis the restoration of this Electorate. To in-chiet could be the person. If he had ad
how formidable a distance does this throw vised such a measure, I cannot think Mr. our prospect of peace! And, after all, Mr. Windham would point him out as the fittest Cobbett, does the object appear to any man person,
, in whose hands the rewards and ho- of plain understanding to be attainable, unnours of the soldier are to be deposited. Be
less under circumstances, and in consequence tore ) conclude this letter, I cannot help of events on the Continent, which do not, at joining my regret at the adoption of the this' moment, present themselves as at all German troops, more particularly at seeing probable to the most sanguine imagination'? British dragoons, at this moment dismount -Sir, what I would wish to depreciate, is ed, to be séut to defend colopies, and deli-, the very thing which seenis now aimed at, as vering their horses to Gernians to defend | if by general consent of all parties; namely, our own country. This is not thc sỹstein to an attempt to interest the generous feelings which we looked forward, when under the of Englishmen at the expense of their judgenlightened and liberal genius of Mr. Wind
never give up the loyal inbabitants ham; nor can I help suspecting that the same
* of Hanover," cries Mr. Fox, and Lord temporising policy, so strongly ponrtrayed in Castlereagh echoes the injunction. When the other branches of the government, cramps they do agree at St. Stephens, as Mr. Puff his energies in the military department, says, & their unanimity is wonderful." I am, Sir,your most obedient servant, Miles. But, Sir, is it consistent with a genuine spiApril 28, 1806.
rit of loyalty and patriotism, to ask these
orators of congenial tire to descend from the HANOVERIAN. WAR.
clouds, and intorin us in the first place, hay SIR, I'am indued to trouble you with the restoration of these territories is to be efa few basty remarks on Mr. Fox's late speech, fected, aud in the next, (if we inay, be allowon occasion of his Majesty's Message to Pared to whisper the question) how far the obliament, Whether my observations may ject is worth attaining? That his Majesty coincide with your opinion on the subject; 1 inust feel a tond attachment to the domiknow nút; but in one point, I think we nions of his ancestors is naturally to be exshall agree; that discussion must lead to good' pected; and every man of a generous mind inasmuch as it tends to the ascertainment of must syunpathise in his grief and indignation, facts, and the establishment of political truth; at the unprincipled aggression which has and that these are times, which demand, on torn them from his possession. But, were great public occasions, a manly avowal of not the advice more sage, though' perhaps opinions, without regard to individual ad- less palatable, that should rather endeavour vantage, party prejudices, or public clamour. to reconcile him to an inevitable loss, than
With all the impressive eloquence that encourage wild and rash hopes of redeeming could flow from elevated genius, and an ar- it ? In spite of local attachments, true Brident and generous inind, Mr. Fox held out tish interests must ever be the primary obto merited censure, the disgraceful policy of ject of a British Sovefeign; and it were althe Prussian cabinet. The people of this most treason to suppose it possible that his country are (nationally speaking) animated Majesty could wish, his cabinet advise, or his with a spirit too similar to his own, not to people acquiesce in, the protraction of a feel, as be upuld wish, a general -sentiment hopeless contest, or tlie sacrifice of any great of ludignation.", "Bụt, sir, let me call your national object, for the redemption of contiatteation to one part of lis Majesty's decia- nental dominion, --Sir, "ibese times of
strange event are pregnant with incidents of
COLONIAL SERVICB, calamity, with losses, and privations. In SIB,In a letter addressed to you, unthose of av humbler station the progress of der date the 30th of March, inserted in your its deterioration is less- observeable, but not Register of the 5th of April, Major Carta less constant and appressive, while those in wright puts the following queries to you. the highest, who could ju happier periods,
Mr Cobbete, let me, in iny almost mock the inconstaxcy of tortune, are "turii, ask you, if you have duly consider-, now subject to its, inost terrible reverses, ed, the demands of men for all foreign Wher we contemplate enpires reduced to
services, before the residue becomes.apcomparative insignificanco, kingdoms torn “ plicable to home defence. Where you from their ancient dynasties, and tree nations, “ shall have provided garrisons for Gibralsubjected to a foreign yoke, we shall the less « tar, Malta, the Cape of Good Hope; arwonder and repine at the separation of Ha. “ mies för Canada, New Brunswick, and uover from the Crown of Great Britain ; and " all our West India Islands; other armies if we can preserve to our, Suvereign the lat- “ for our widely, extended Asiatic domiter, unimpaired in splendour, dignity, and "nions, and our Asiatic Wars; others, power, though we may regret the loss of the " again fór Guernsey, Jersey, and Ireland; former, as an evil, we ought to be grateful “ besides a dispuseable force for Mediterrafor the comparative good.---Unhappily, there nean or other expeditions; how many of appears an unavoidable necessity for our your 200,000, men will be left at home.; Suvereign and his people, for the present, to " and atler , making the necessary deducgive way to the dreadful change in the state “tions for raw recruits, remain as our etno of the Continent, produced by events, which cient defence Forcibly struck withi the sagacity of Mr. Fox foresaw, and which difficulties, similar to the preceding ;'a.gern an administration, conducted by him might tlemao wlio; for some time, ind a seat in have ayerted, but which now are not to be the present Parlianient, wası induced to sub. cured and controuled. At the same time mic the following ideas to the House of this necessary acquiescence should be coupled Commous, and there, though they were utwith a firm, steady determination to defend tered with some degree of contusion, froin will the blessings- and advantages, which our his want of the habit of public speaking, or insular situation has hitherto preserved to us, ability to arrange them, they so far. attracted and which it cannot fail ever to secure, if we notice, that one of the late ministry, in his unite prudence with energy, and husband own name, and in that of his principal, deour ample sresuurces. But, Nir: Cobbert, "I sired to have then in writing, and they protest against all fits of philanthropic fury; were accordingly, hastily throku upon paper against all wild denunciations ; against all and delivered to him.-liuviously to the 'rash vows of continuing to make war"for" | gentleman's vacating his seat, the substance unattainable or unimportant objects. of them was also trausniitted to Mr. Fox.. What I had intended for the loose occupa-| am not without apprehension, Mr. Cobbett, tion of an hour, has grown to unallowable from the contempt with which, if I recollect dittuseness. I had intended to touch on the right; you have in suine part of your work; consequences of the present change to his spoken' of the people, of whom my opinie 12 Alajesty's Hanoverian subjects, for I inust is very different, that these idens inay meet be allowed to doubt, whether, in the actuall with but an unfavourable reception frour state of the Continent, it is altogether so you, and I have any additional reason to susa much to their disadvantage as has been sup- pece this, front not having observed any sub. posed. I should also, with reluctance, a. sequent notice bestowed on them, by those vert to a sort of side wind inuendo, in Mi. to whom they were originally submitted.Fox's speech, as to the importance of Hano
--At all events, however, I will now verio ver as an appendage to Great Britain : a ture to lay them before you, contident that position which, I think, it would require all you will endeavour to dismiss, as far as in his ingenuity to maintain seriously. If this your power, all undue prejudice from your letter, subject to such compression and alte inind, and after obtaining information from sativa as you think fit, or any part of it ap- those able to furnish it, afford the subject pear worth notice, it is at your and the pub- a candid consideration. They were then ask lic service. If not, my object will be gain- follows: viz. " From what has passed lately ed, if it only leads you to reflect on, and dis- in the Island of St. Denuingo, our: West-1o-. cuss the subject it contains with your usual dian colonies appear exposed to new and in keenness of research, and boldness of re- minent danger, both inte naleand external, mark. -B&ITANXICUS.
and it is, the crore, the part of prudence to
make early provision to meet its occurrence., military discipline, possessed great bravery,
It is impossible to suppose the Negroes of and had inavifested a fidelity to our cause, in our colonies unacquainted with the success difficulties unexampled; and, as his Majesty of their brethren, or unanimated with the possessed other dominions situated in die hope of being able at some period or other mates similar to their own; I was of opie. to imitate their example * -The West-In- nion, that in these, a large proportion of the dian islands hare hitherto furnished ferv, or force entertained, if raised for the express no resources of offensive war to their Euro- purpose; "and under due precautions, might pean Inasters, and their exterior means of de- be advantageously drawn from our possese fence can no louger be relied on as formerly.
sions in the East. That this part of the In the event of an attack from without, force would be found the best adapted to the abetted by internal commotion, it would cer- service. That it would prove alike capable tainly be found insufficient, except provided of resişting the vertical sun of the day, as the on a scale much larger than can be afforded, pernicious damp of the night. That by bein corsistent with the pressing necessity of coming a counterpoise to the Negro populakeeping our forces, as much concentered as tion, it would afford security to the planters possible at home.
The destructive ravages against their insurrections, and scour the which the climate of the West-Indies have mountains and woods when they might reever been found to make in the constitutions tire to them. That were these troops enof our countrymen, must also render it ex- couraged to take their farnilies with them to tremely difficult to keep up, even our present the islands, aided also by other means, that establishment of troops in them; for, I ima- might be adopted, of peopling them in pat gine no circumstance opposes so strong an froin the East, in process of time they would objection to the regular military service of produce a race of orderly and industrious the state; both amongst the officers and pri- freemen, both to cultivate and defend them; vates, as the idea of being ordered to the and, in the end, do away the necessity of West Indies. " Quæ nempe et nostro le- having recourse, to the odious and atrocious thum miserabile fratri attulit. Hic misero practice of the slave trade. Finally, that it frater adempte mihi."- It was these consi- would materially economise the valuable derations that induced me at the close of the lives of our own countrymen. The follow. tait session of parlianient (on the 10th of ing are a few of the particular propositions August) to hazard a suggestion, which if that immediately suggest themselves; others, adopted, I fondly hoped, might in a great no doubt would be required for bringing the degree provide for our colonial demand for plan to maturity and perfection. -i. That troops, both for defensive and offensive pur- the troops destined for the West-Indies poses, and consequently, add materially to might be best qualified to resist the effects of the disposeable strength of our own country. the climate, they should be levied from the
Í assumed that we held a dominion in the maritime or most southern parts of Bengal, East, over a population of fifty millions of especially Chittagong, Orissa, the Coasts of enlightented and obediept subjects; which Coromandel and Malabar; the air and dia population of itself, probably, was not infe- mate of which places, I am persuaded would fior in number to the host, under the com- be found to correspond with the West-inmánd of the government of France. I stated, dies. The natives of the upper and dry rehowever, that I did not pretend to aver that gions of Hindostan, would prove as little abio our fellow subjects in the East, were physi- to resist their effects, as Europeans. -Il. cally equal in energy or strength to the har-'That the several corps should be composed of dy sons of more northern regions, in which young able bodied men, as many of whoniI would on no account, propose to bring
as could be induced to do so, shoald be enthem to combat f. That as they were ne- couraged to take their families with them.
III. That they should be enlisted for a term * E.G. Late occurrences in Trinidad. of years (probably not less than seren) with
+ I am as well aware as the author of the the certain assurance of being furnished withi Inquiry into the State of the Nation can be the means of returning to their own connof the difference between European and In- try, when their time of service bad espired, dian troops, although I do not think the dif- by the vessels which might bring recruits forence now prevails to the degree which it for their several corps. (To be continued) did, when the Roman Historian wrote, from whom lie quotes, or that our Indian baita'in contact sith the troops of Naples, or with lions would disgrace themselves if brought some others of Italy. Vide paye 88, in the vertheless capable of a very high degree of note.
Pringerl by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagkt:w, Bow Street, Coi cat
Gardco, where firmer Numbes may be trad; soldalsa by J. Bied, Crown and Mitre, l'all-Mall.
Vol. IX. No. 19.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 10, 1806.
" To all these points we beg the best attention of your honourable House. We beseech you to pursue with " effect what you began with so much honour. We entreat you not to relax in your efforts till you " have brought V13COUNT MELVII. LE to condign punishment, and given to all, who shall be found to hurve " committed similar crimes, a signal demonstration, that, in the representatives of the people, instead of abet
tors of their iniquities, they will find only the faithful guarlians of the nation, and the zealous vindica". tors of the laws."-Petition OF THE ELECTORS OF WESTMINSTER, seconder by Mr. Fox, and presented to the House of Commons by him, on the sd of May, 1805. 673]
[674 The whole of this Report, together with
the Appendix, are comprised in 113 pages ELECTORS OF WESTMINSTER.
of luose print; and, this is a quantity of LETTER 1.
printing, which, at any one of the great GENTLEMEN,-A year and some few printing offices in London, can be brought days have now passed, since we (for I was forth in the space of twenty-four hours. one amongst you) met in Palace-Yard, upon The important facts brought to light by the subject of the proceedings then going this Report it shall pext be my endeavour forward, in the House of Commons, against to state to you ; but, first of all, it will be Lord Viscount Melville. I need not recal proper that we retrace, and fix in our to your minds the marks of approbation, minds, what has happened as to changes in with which, on that day, we received the the offices of government; because, we speech' of Mr. Fox; and, more especially shall find occasion, as we go along, to take that part of it, where he expressed his sus- these changes into view, in connection with picions as to the sincerity of the ministers, the proceedings relative to the public mowho had just then proposed to establish a ney. Mr. Pitt died in January last, whereboard of Commissioners for the purpose of upon a change in the ministry took place; inquiring into the abuses in the MILITARY and, to our common satisfaction, this change Department. Consonant, in principle, with introduced into the king's, councils, Mr. this speech of Mr. Fox, was the Petition, Fox, Mr. WINDHAM, Mr. Grey (now Lord which we resolved upon, which we signed, Howick) and LORD HENRY PETTY, all which we authorised him to present to the of whoin had eminently distinguished theme House of Commons, which he did so pre- selves in those laudable efforts, of which we sent in less than two hours after we had so highl; approved and with so much gratisigned it, and the closing words of which I tude acknowledged, in the case of Lord have taken as a motto to this letter, being Viscount Melville. But, Gentlemen, in the the first of a series, which it is my inten- expression of these, our approbation and tion to address to you, upon matters con- gratitude, by wliat feeling were we animanected with the receipt and the disburse- ted? By that of personal hostility? By ment of the public money, a liberty which hatred of the person of Lord Viscount Meryou will excuse, when you
cousi- ville ? By an envious desire to come at his der that a just application of the heavy taxes places and his emoluments ? No: bat by a that we pay, is absolutely necessary to the love of public justice; justice upon the preservation of whatever we now have, principles of the ancient and righteous laws whether of property or of liberty, and also of England, which respect not persons, but to the preservation of the monarchy itself. . the vengeance of which falls with equal
The Commission above-mentioned; that weight upon the higii and upon the low, is to say, the Commission of Military and which, in admitting, out of reverence INQUIRY was, soon afterwards, formed and to the person of the King, that he can do established by act of parliament, being the no wrong, fall, with undirninished weight, act 45 Geo. III. chap. 47. Mr. Pitt the then upon the person of those councillors, who minister, nominated the members of this may advise wrong, under the royal authoboard, which has proceeded in its functions, rity, to be done, and its First Report has been upon the table Acting, ourselves, from an impulse so of the House of Commons nearly lư:0 disinterested, and so perfectly. consonant months, it having been laid there on the with the principles of impartial justice, 14, 20th of March last, and having been or- in hailing the above-mentioned change in dered to be printed on the 21st of March. the cowaçils of His Majesty, hailed the day
I am sure