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to the East-India sales; to David Scott and tion as highly valuable to all the honest and Company, to the House of Porcher and honourable part of the country.
-To such Company, his agents in England (and men- a person, though I do not presume to blame bers of the House of Commons) or to Mr. Mr. Bankes; yet, to such a person, I must Alexander, the Chairman of Ways and Means, say, that it became not Mr. Banks either tó whose brother is Mr. Paull's agent in India. dictate or to suggest a mode of conducting a Mr. Paull is a real merchant. He is no great parliamentary investigation ; and, I am jobber, no speculator, no grinding bro- pretty sure that the public will now agree ker; no “ inuck-worm ;"
no “ blood.
with me in commending Mr. Paull for re“ sucker;" and has made no dirty attempts | jecting the suggestion.-On Thursday the to creep into a Baronetcy by being the mer- 15th instant, there took place, in the House cantile cat's-paw of a minister. What base of Commons, a short conversation upon wretches must those be, who, having failed matters connected with the inquiry with rein all their endeavours to brow-beat him gard to Lord Wellesley, which conversation from his laudable pursuit, have betaken is thus stated in the British-Press news-pathemselves to low calumnies, and have not per. “ Mr. Paull said, that seeing a Noble had the courage to utter even them, but in “ Lord (Morpeth) and some of the Direca whisper, not a soul of them daring to ut- tors in the House, he wished to observe, ter them to his face. I have now had time " that on the 11th April, he moved far to read the India Papers; and, I take upon some papers relative to the transactions of me to assure my readers, that whilst some " Bhurtpore, which not being returned of those, who have now deserted Mr Paull
pursuant to order, he obtained a pein the cause of justice; nay, who have made remptory order for them on the 16th a merit of deserting him, or rather, of ha- “ of April, but they had not beer yet proving endeavoured to dissuade him from pur- “ duced. Before he proceeded to make suing the path of rectitude and of honor; any further motion he wished to know who make a merit of having endeavcured to “ wheiher there were any difficulty in pri vail upon him not to go into parliament; "" the way of their production ? yes, I assure my readers, that whilst soine “ MR. CREEVEY replied, that the Board of of these men were practising (and that, too, • Controul never had these papers in their in open defiance of solemn engagements) possession, and therefore could not pro, the greedy arts of usury at Lucknow, Mr. “duce them. Some of them had been dePaull was cngaged in those honest and it tained for the use of the Consultation honourable pursuits, which have gained " Council of Bengal, and had not been yet him more respect and esteein than belongs o received. The honourable gentleman, be to almost any other private individual that thought, had little reason to complain, as ever was in lodia, and which, at the same “ he had inroved for 98 papers in the pretime that they give him a fair title to a sent session, and no one of them vas reseat in the legislature of the kingdom, pe- « fused him. In consequence of soine forculiarly qualify him for discharging its duties mer complaints of the same kind, he wrote in a manner beneficial to his country. They " to Mr. Ramsay, Secretary to the India may not, indeed, qualify him to get into place .“ House, to inquire, and received for anEut, that is a sort of qualification of which swer, that some of them had been detained we stand in ļo need. There are plenty of by the Bengal Consultation, and that the volunteer placemen.
What we want is, “ clerks were alreaủy busily employed in men who have great property to protect, “ making out the Surat papers, moved for who have courage to protect it, and with it by the hon. gentlemani, consisting of no the property of their countrymen in general. " less than 2000 close folio pages. If these Such are the men that we want, and such a
papers were not necessary, they had a man is Mr. Paull. Young and zealous be- es mischievous etfect, as they interfered with sides ; unexposed to any of the selfish 0.0- “ the making up of the official documents, tires that deceive men into a desertion of “ There were tilo India budgets in arrear, their duty; far above the reach of the politi- ". and now in preparation, the papers con cal corruptions of the tiines; having chosen “ nected with which would alloril a much for the work of his life an endeavour to
is " than all moved a man, on whom the public may safely rely. " the honourable gentleman.----Mr.PAUL Much of this I know, and all the rest of it I replied, that he was entitled to these pasincerely believe of Mr. Paull; and I have pers to enable him to substantiate against stated it, because I know he has been calum- “ the Marquis Wellesley, as important niated, and because I consider bis replica- “charges as ever viere brought forward in
" that House. He thought there was great Prussia-Order in: Council for laying an " delay in the production of all these papers, Embargo on Prussian Vessels, &c. From is
MR. CRBEV BY denied that there the London Gazette, April 19, 1806. was any delay which was not unayoid- At the Court at the Queen's Palace, able MR, FRANCIS thought, that the 16th of April, 1806, present the King's when a member moved for any papers, he Most Excellent Majesty in Council. Wherewas himself the best judge of their effect, as his Majesty has received advice, that his and therefore was not obliged to take the Majesty the King of Prussia las taken pos.
advice of those who may be adverse to his session of his Majesty's Electoral dominious, “ views He had seen a paper signed by in a forcible and hostile manner; and has als
tulenty-three Directors, who, amongst so caused it to be notitied to bis Majesty's “other things, complained that the Mar- Minister at the Court of Berlin, that all Bri" quis Wellesley did not register his papers tish ships were thenceforth to be excluded regularly in the consullution. If
of from the ports of the Prussian dominions, “ the papers were lost, that was no excuse and froin certain other ports in the North of “ for not returning as many as they had of Europe, under the forcible controul of Prus"them."--This speaks, foritself. But; who is sia, in violation of the just rights and intethis Mr. Creevey? Oh! I remember now! rests of his Majesty and his dominions, and It is the Mr. Creevey, who brought forward contrary to the established law and practice the affair of Mr. Fordyce. It is the same of nations in amity with each other: and Mr. Creevey, who, if I am not greatly mis- whiereas his Majesty, by and with the advice tiken, did stand pledged to revive the ques- of his privy council, has been pleased to tion of the Athol Claim. · Yes it is; it is cause an embargo to be laid upon vessels beTlie very same Mr. Creevey, who so laudably | longing to the subjects of Prussia now with., moved, last year, for papers, from the int, or which hereafier shall come into, any Board of-Controul, rspecting certain abuses of the ports of the United Kingdom of Great in Ceylon, and who-is now himself (mark Britain and Ireland, together with all perthe fact) Secretary to that same Board of sons and effects on board the said vessels : Controul, and who now says not one single and whereas there is just reason to appre.. word respecting the abuses in Ceylon!' | hend that the neutrality of the rivers Elbe, Mr. Creevey tels 115, that there are two In- Weser, *and Ems, and the free navigation dia Budgets now in preparation, and he tliereof, will not, under these circumstances, begs us to look to them as the source of know- be duly respected by his Majesty's enemies. ledge with regard to India Affairs. Now, but will be rendered subject to the hostile reader, you will please to recollect, that we measures above described; his Majesty, by lave had these India Budgets subinitted to and with the advice of his privy council, isparliament, annually, for these 13 years pleased to order, and it is hereby ordered, last past; and, need I ask you, what is the that a general enbargo or stop be made in knowledge we have ever received from like manner, until further order from this them! Need I ask you, wliether we ever board, of all ships and vessels belonging to Therefore, received any knowledge or any persons residing in any ports or places sibenefit at all ?
tuate upon the said rivers Elbe, Weser, and
Enis, save and except vessels under the Da. TO THE READERS OF THE REGISTER. nish flag, and also save and except, that in
You have heard much of the INTENDED respect to the goods and effects on board DISPATCH of the East India Directors, such ships and vessels which shall have been wherein they take a view of, and give their laden in, or are coming consigued to, any mpinion upon, the conduct of Marquis Wels ports of the United Kindom, the same shall Jesley. You have been, by me, regularly be forthwith liberated and delivered up to informed of the several efforts that have been the said laders and consignees respectively; nuide to keep this Dispatch from the public and it is hereby further ordered, that no proeye. It is now, however, thanks to the
perty or freight-money appearing to belong Directors, printed and published; and as you to any subject of Prussia, or to any persons must have obseryed the scandalous silence of residing as aforesaid, respecting which the news-papers, in general, upon all mat- proceedings are now depending, or shall Lers connected with this important inquiry, hereafier depend, in any of his MajesI propose, in my next Nuinber, 'to insert ty's Courts of Prize, shall be decreed to the whole of the INTENDED DISPATCH, and be restored, nor shall the proceeds of any to omit publishing a double sheet at the suc- property or freight-money belonging as cjeding period for publishing a double sheet ; | aforesaid, which hath already been decreed hu that, the VOLUME will, as usual, contain to be restored, be paid to or on behalf-ofPo more than 33 sheets.
the claimants, but the same shall be kept in
safe custody until his Majesty's further or comes to this, --That the person (let his rank der herein : and it is further ordered, that in life be what it may) who twenty year's Do person residing within His Majesty's do- ago, possesses Janded property or Houses minionsdopresume to pay any freight-money &c which gave him an income of a 1000l. or due or payable to or behalf of any person even 10,0001, Jess or more, still enjoys the or persons, being subjects, or residing with- same at this day, without suffering the in the dominions of the King of Prussia, or smallest dimination. How does this arise? in the ports or places aforesaid, for the why by this increase and value of property. freight of merchandize laden on board any which more than overpay's every tax, that a ship which is detained under the said em- person possessed of such property and inbargo, or which shall hereafter he brought come is subject, to so that the rich and men into any of the ports of his Majesty's do- of property do not bear their equal share minions, but that such freight-money shall in any tax or burthen whatever, bat enbe forthwith paid into the Registry of the joy at their ease, every luxury in life, High Court of Adniiralty,' there to remain while the middling. 'elasses and every other uniil his Majesty's pleasure shall be further downwards are taxed upon tas, till the known, or until other provision shall be period may come, when they cannot supmade by law : [To be continued.] port it any longer. If I do not state the cria
gin of the evil or the plain matter of fact :
I can only wish our legislators would look SIR,Having lately noticed in your Re- into it, by witnessing the daily bankruptgister several spirited and just remarks on cies throughout the country, and then exa: the Property Tax bill, particularly those of mine the source! Let them enquire from Britannicus; I am induced also to offer an whence the evil springs ! it will speak for observation, which in' my humble opinion, itself—and tell them that it proceeds from is a much stronger argument against the pre- the load of taxes levied in a disproportion sent proposed system, than any I have yet ate manner and way. I will maintain that met with; therefore I wish, as far as my the rich and particularly those of landed abilities will allow me, to convey my. senti- property, literally pay no taxes, or at least ments, through your well established Jour- by no means in proportion to the other clasnal;. confident that if I shall not treat the sés below theni. For example, a person sibject as it deserves, or so well, as many who enjoyed 10 or 20 years ago 10,000!. a of your other correspondents have done be
year, his property is-equal now to 15,0001., fore me ; yet I trust I shall give the hint, so that he sits down with 10,0001, a year which some more abler hand than myself still, for the increase of 50001. a year more may do justice to, and by representing the than over pays every tax, that this property, evil before it is too late, render a service to the is subject to : the samne is good, in larger or country, as well as the public in general. In lesser incomes. Again- a proprietor of a some degree, I must premise, that your house or holises, who 10 years ago let his correspondent Britannicus, has anticipated my house at 100l. per ann. gets now at least 150. ideas, though he has not sufficiently brought Who pays the increase of Taxes? Why it to light : therefore I must in justice to the Renter ! and here becomes the bürtheti. him, allow, that I have derived great as- In fact, there is no knowing; where the sistance, from the plain and enlightened evil will'end, unless a more proper and just maurer, in which he has laid down his po- mode is established, both in levelling and sitions by classing thein under ditferent collecting taxes. The income tax, although heads. It is my intention only to touch, not the most pleasing, is certainly one of or ratber enlage upon the first of his, viz: the most equitable modes of taxation, that " the proprietor of land, houses, &c. &c." ever was thought of by any Goveriment; In order to strengthen my arg!!ment and and, as yo:ur Correspondent justly remarks, make my position good, I must first appeal that "nothing is wanting to render this tax to you Mr. Cobbett, by asking you whe- (as a war tax) equitable in itself, and ther landed property has not within these “ highly beneficiat, to the public'; but, iti last twenty years, or less, advanced at least must approach as nearly as possible to one-third this I think, you ' will say, is " the standard of justice," and be admireally the fact : then I must again ask you, nistored without any partiality. The Wise whether the war taxes, together with the dom of the British legislature, composed as depreciation of money exceed the above one- it is of the first talents, is doubtless conipe.. third rise in larded property. To this latter. tent to this arduous task, and may, from query, I presume everyone will answer, No! various plans and modifications presented to These being, granted, my argument then them, select and arrange a plan of an In
come Tax, in every respect less galling that I was prepared for eren more awful more eligible and more productive than changes affecting ourselves than the hostility tluse, which have hitherto been acted upon. of our late allies, who were receiving our -Thus much, Mr. Cobbett, I have presu- millions of English money ; for, contemmed to trouble you with, in hop s, your plating the political state of Europe in ccnbetter pen may point out, what mine has junction with the character and the genius so imperfectly done, or omitted on a sub- of the French ruler, and the nation lie go. ject which so nearly concerns the very fa- verns, I had even looked forward to the bric of our glorious Constitution.-Lex. time when ' another Paul of Aluscovy may
unite with France, aird entry into the confeMR. WINDHAM'S PLAN.
deracy Denmark and Sueden *.' And who, Enfield, 16th April, 1806. after what has since happened in Austria and SIR,By your having invited my Prussia, shall say that such a period is now correspondence on the subject of national
distant? When the cabinet of St. Petersdefence, and by the very flattering attention burgh'shall see the aggrandizement of Rusyou have shewn towards my ideas on that sja in an alliance offensire and defensive with subject, I cannot but feel highly gratified. I France, that alliance will take place. And, trust, however, Sir, that with you I shall was it ever yet so likely to take place as now, have credit for this being a gratification in or shortly, when Austria and Prussia have which personal vanity has at the most a very lost their rank as European states, and besubordinate share. The subject is truly aw- come dependents on a haughty superior; ful. It must now come home to every man's and when it is in the power of France to take bosom. Mr. Secretary Windbam in parti- Russia into partnership, as an equal for cular, occupies a station in which, as a states- schemes of mutual aggrandisement? Look man he has every thing to hope, and every to the East,' and you will see the golden thing to fear. As private individuals, you, means ! Has then, Mr. Secretary Windham, Mr. Cobbett, and myself, as well as others “ duly considered", the changed, and still who have offered military plans, must on the changing state of Europe? Had he fully dipresent occasion feel peculiarly interested. gested a system of defence against the bordes Our reputations, which inay be as dear to us that may once more, after the revolution of as if we moved in higher spheres, must be a thousand years, be poured upon our spores more or less affected by the plan of defence from the Baltic, and the two hundred addithat shall be adopted. Although this consi- tiopal miles of coast from the Sound to the deration would not justify a disingenuous ar- Southward, with “ its" fifteen or sixteen argument in support of our respective sys- outletst 'ere we approach Boulogne ?" Napotems, it ought however to operate as an apo- leon, be it remembered, has shewu a fondlogy to any persons from whom we may dif- ness for not only reviving ancient names, but fer, not only for our vindicating our own ancient schemes. published sentiments, but for any well found- III. As yet, Sir, we can but imperfectly ed animadversions which we may make upon comment upon the secretary's nxilitary syswhat they have submitted to ile public. At tem, of wl.ich we have seen to more than the present moment our whole attention some principles and outlines. In your Remust be attracted by the plan which the war gister of the 12th, you have very much antiminister has submitied to parliament. The cipated me in remarking upon the prominent intentions of that minister I certainly do not feature in that system, the standing army, question. His bringing forward the princi- which, unless counterbalanced as reason and ples and outline of his system on the eve of the English constitution require, must inetia parliamentary recess, and his proposing his tably destroy the liberties of our country; till to be annual, are strong marks of since- while it will not, cannot; in my liumble rity, and of inviting discussion; and as you judgment, become our security against subhave meritoriously opened your Weekly Re- jugation to France. After reading Mr. gister to that discussion, and employ in it Windhan's speech with great attention, your own masterly pen, it is to be hoped find myself uuder a necessity of withholding that much public benefit will be the result. my assent to some important parts of his
II. When you first asked me, in your Re- reasoning. I mean as applying generally gister of the 22 of March, if I had “ duly and perman:ntly to the detence of our coun“ considered the great change that has now try. Mr. Windham is an advocate for “ taken place in this country as well as in simplicity." Towards simplicity, I hold
Europe," I might in respect of the latter have referred you for an answer to the last * I. 08. Former ed. 91. edition of the Ægis written in 1803, to shew + II. 40. 11. 119, 156.
it necessary that we should have clear and
we want a proper title, and I hear. correct ideas of the different species of mili-tily concur in your objection to a French titary force to be provided ; and their relative tle; but not in your choice of that of magnitude. First then, I venture, notwith- Trained-men;" and that for two reasons; standing the arguments favouring a different first, because the appellation would inevitaconclusion, to lay it down as a principle, that bly bring into our minds the “train bands," the regular arıny at hoine ought to be limit- which, as soldiers, had become proverbially ed to a number which, whether it be war or conteniptible; and, secondly, because it peace, should be considered as only suffi- would not recal to our thoughts any constitu. cient, but liberally so, for supperting the ro- tional idea. Can we then do better on this tation of foreign duty, and the recruiting of occasion than take for our guides the constiour foreign armies. Secondly, I very much tution and common law of the land, and inapprove of your idea of having that regular differently, as best adapted to the context, army as much as possible of one quality, call the civil state, whenever we have occashutting out expensive establishinents, invi- sion to speak of it in its martial capacity, dious distinctions, and offensive partialities. the civil Power; or, the armed power; or, To this end, I have long thought it question
the national roWER? We should of course able, whether it be right in a maritime na- then, when in an individual county, and tion to appropriate a distinct part only of the speaking of its local martial force, use the army to the duty of marines. Why not a old established phrase of county POWER, regular rotation of the army for our port with strict propriety; in which case this garrisons and sea duty, as well as for foreign good consequence would follow, that the lanservices. This may be for future considera- guage of the common law, running through tion. Thirdly, the more I reflect upon the our books for many hundred years back, other branch of our military force, the more would still be applicable, and we should be I see the advantages of resolving it all into taugļit to rererence a military system as old one kind, as drawn from the people or civil as the constitution. I would equally avoid state, and intended for our fulfilling the se- the law latin and the Norman french, the Feral duties of preserving internal tranquilli- posse comitatus" and the ". poair del ty, supporting the laws, promptly putting “ comitee," of our books. For the same down insurrection or rebellion, and, while reason that we wish for simplicity, we dewe effectually resist invasion, preserving our sire p'ain English; and, if we mean likecountry from the very hazard of the incalcu- wise to make the constitution the object of lable horrors, and desolation of leing the scat oar care, we shall do well to respect both its of war
All this I certainly do not foresee principles and its language. Hence, Sir, I from the adoption of Mr. Secretary Wind- cannot but greatly lament, as matter of the ham's plan. But all this, and more, much most serious ill consequence, that Mr. Sccremore, would, as I conceive, be the natural tary Windham should so readily become effeçi of adhering, in our system of defence, an imitator of preceding ministers, and exter to the ENGLISH Constitution; and of at this serious crisis to England, upon a syzfollowing up, what it for that parpose pre- tem of military experiment and speculation, scribes by legislation, hinted at in the Ægis, much as if no English constitution had ever for effeciing a great change in the national existed ; or, as if nothing upon the subject , habits and character, in order to preserve our was therein contained worth regard: where, high rank as a nation, through all the dan- as no truth is more certain, than that the best gers Europe may yet have to experience. If, defensive military system of human invention Sir, our ministers shall not in all their mea- is there to be found. I am speaking of prinsures act in the true spirit of state-reformers, ciples; for the practical application mut and with the deep wisdoni of law-givers, depend on the arms and military science of who see the necessity of infusing a new soul the day. In the standing arniy as much im. into their country, they were not born for provement as he pleases, provided only he the times in which they have been called on limits its numerical strength to what our fo. to save a sitaking land.
reign necessities require, and the security of · IV. By a military force of one kind, I am our liberties prescribes. not to be taken too literally. Iinean a force V. I trust that that minister is a sincero under one system, in contradistinction to that friend to the liberties of his country, and I of the regulars; and, likewise again, as being attribute the errors to which I have alluded, different from the present variety, and in- to that which I conceire to be another great convenient complexity, of nilitia, yolunteers, error; namely, lis contidence in the prowyio:nanry, and men enrolled under the Ger
ess of a regular army, and his distrust of the heral Defence Act. Here, Sir, I agree with efficiency ot any other species of circe, being