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tional monarchy; or a republic, constituted | princes who are allied by blood to the Impeaccording to the theory of liberty, and which rial Family: General Oudinot has taken will be the true organ of the public will. All possession of the counties of Neufchatel and nations cannot, with safety, leave to the peo- Valengin. He found those countries loaded ple the choice of their representatives; and with English merchandize, heaped there by : when a nation has to apprehend the effects of the merchants of Switzerland, and principalassembling the people; when the advantages ly by those of Basle. Of these the French which it expects are less than the inconve- army had taken to the amount of many milniencies which it foresees; such a nation, lions; all the banks of the Lake of Neufchawhich cannot find protection under a repub- tel were covered with English manufactures. : lican form of goverument, has recourse to the This circumstance justities all the prohiprinciples of a good and prudent inonarch, bitory measures which may be taken with Under the present constitution of Holland, regard to Switzerland. That country is lit.' the Grand Pensionary has more power than tle more, at this moment, than a warehouse the King has in England: he has even more for English goods. When it shall be clearthan the Emperor has in France; or than ed of these manufactures, we shall perhaps any Sovereign has in any country; and, have the means of giving a new check to what is without example in a republic, their our enemy. Is it possible that the Landamhigh nightinesses, or the representatives and man was not struck with the danger to legislative bodies, have been nominated by which he exposed the country? Who will the Grand Pensionary. The defect of this protect Basle from a visit from the French constitution cannot escape the observation of army? Does this magistrate, who sees smugthe sagacious. They cannot be called a ie- gling carried on by wholesale under his eyes, public, where the representative and legisla- suppose that he is not responsible? If the tive bodies are not nominated by the elec- French consider these depots of prohibited tors: and it there be any fear of the electors, goods so publicly made, and to such great it will be best to renounce at once the re- extent, a real act of hostility ; if the French publican form of government. A govern- government multiplies prohibitory laws bement, which neither having the advantages tween Switzerland, France, and Italy, will of a republic, nor a monarchy, combines all not the Landamman be the cause of it? And the inconveniencies of both, should not be will not all the complaints that the Swiss absolutely proscribed. Such being the situa- | may make be unjust and ill-founded? Daltion of Holland, she must be a gainer by any matia is occupied by the French army. It change that she must make in her constitu- is separated from the mouth of the Cataro tion. If the landhollers, the merchants, the by the republic of Ragusa: the country is enlightened, men, are of opinion that they mountainous, and the roads are bad. The can have a representation made by the choice French troops bad arrived at Ragusa, when of the people without distinction of classes the fort of Castel Nuovo was delivered to or religion, they will create a system much 300 Russians by General Brady, who commore proper than the present one. If that manded 2000 Austrians. This general, be not their opinion, and that they think it whose ancestors were English, has been necessary to have recourse to a constitution wanting in respect to France, and has beal inonarchy, they will do that which will be trayed his master. Upon receiving this inmore advantageous to their country than the formation, Marshal Berthier gave orders that preservation of their existing constitution Brannall, which defends the frontiers of the Can be. It is their duty to examine their si- Inn, and which was to have been given up tuation, to judge of the circumstances in on the 1st of April, should not be restored, which they are placed, and to choose be- and that it should be again garrisoned. The tween the two systems that which is best division of the grand army, which was on its suited to them, and the most likely to esta- way to France, has halted. The prisoners of lish, on a solid foundation, the public pros- war, that were to have been sent back to perity and liberty.---Bavaria had taken pos- Germany, have been detained, until further session of the Margraviate of Anspach, and orders, in the places at which they were.--has ceded to France the Duchy of Berg This outrage ottered by Russia to the Auswhich, united with that of Cleves, is settled trian flag and arms, is ihe more inconceive
Prince Joachim, the Grand Adiniral of able, because the Russians are at Corfu, the Empire.
Wesel is a strong fortress on draw their provisions from the ports of our frontiers. The Duchy of Cleves gives | Triesteand Fiume, a freecoinmunication with us an advantageous point of contact with which has not been prohibited. The Court Holland; and France, for the future will of Vienna has ordered, that General Brady only fiad on the right bank of the Rhine, should be arrested and tried. It has ex
pressed its dissatisfaction to Russia. It will mand gave rise to many consistories, when cause Castel Nuovo, and the mouths of the the persons who were the objects of it did Cataro, to be delivered up to France, with- justice to themselves, and all evacuated out having occasion to reply, by arms, to Rome. - The kingdom of Naples is entirely this act of hostility.-The Russians have conquered. The French troops are at Regevacuated Hanover, and returned home. gio, at Otranto, and at Taranto. Only a The army which the Emperor Alexander smail body of the Neapolitan troops could commanded has aiso returned to Russia. embark and reach Sicily. That island is After all the losses which it sustained, it is defended by 4,500 English. The presence very natural that it should repair them by of such enemies is an additional inducement recruiting. A part of the troops, which for the French to go there. Gaeta, an inwere at Corfu, have returned to the Bospho- significant fortress, with a garrison of 1.600 rus with General Lascy. A considerable men, is besieged.---The victory of Austerlitz part of those that were in Poland, are march- bas produced as much sensation at Constaning towards Choczim and the Crimea. The tinople as at Paris. The exultation there was illusion, with respect to the Russian armies, sincere and universal. The government of is no more. The French army which, in the Porte is neither ignorant nor sold. There two months, dissipated the third coalition, may, at Constantinople, be some traitors, was then only on the peace establishment: but they are not numerous; whilst, on the at the end of the three months, which have contrary, the multiplied measures of Russia since elapsed, it finds itself on the war esta- for sapping the foundation of this vast emblishment. It has nothing to fear from all pire, has not escaped the notice of the real the forces of Europe; but no person will be Ottomans. They are not ignorant that the able to form a fourth coalition. England protection of France can alone be sufficient kaows full well, that it would be money for the Porte; and that France is the only thrown away. She reflects with terror, that power interested in protecting her. The vithe first coalition, which lasted five years, cinity of the French, in Dalmatia, has inmade France mistress of Holland, Belgium, spired them with the liveliest joy. The the Rhine, and all the Cisalpine country; Emperor Napoleon has been acknowledged that the second coalition, which only lasted Emperor. The Porte knows very well, that two years, gave to France Piedmont and its treaty with Russia was extorted ; and that Switzerland; that the third, which only it is rather a treaty between a despotic prince lasted three months, gave her Venice, Na- and his vassal, than between Sovereign and ples, and Genoa ; that the least she could Sovereign ; that it is not the French who expect from a fourth coalition, would be have excited the Greeks and Servians to inTrieste and Fiume, and the eternal exclu- surrection ; whose ships of war are anchored sion of the English from all the ports of Eu- before Constantinople; and who are conrope, Russia, recovered from the vain il
tinually creating commotions in the Morea. lusion by which she was deceived, well This new attitude of the Porte has produced knows what thirty millions of people, scat- much uneasiness at St. Petersburgh; and if tered over an immense territory, and under
the Porte shall be roused to acts of energy the necessity of opposing the Persians, Turks, against Russia, there will not be found, beand Tartars, can do against forty millions of tween those two powers, the great diference Frenchmen united on the same platform, that may be supposed. The Mussulınan is brave, active and intelligent, and more ca- brave; and were he directed and assisted, he pable of conquering Russia, than the Russians would triumph over the Muscovite militia. are of conquering France - English, Russian, It is not probable that the Porte will wish to and Sardiniau Envoys, and a knot of mal- go to war ; but she has a right to preserve contents from all the countries in the world, her independence, and to wish for protechad fixed on Rome as the center of their tion against the insults of Mr. Italinsky, machinations. The Emperor required that every proceeding of whom, when he comthey should be driven from thence ; municates with the Divan, is only calculated and that a sovereign, placed in his cmpire, to excite hatred and inignation." (We iutend should do nothing contrary to the safety of to collect in this way, every month, inforthe armies of Naples and Italy. The first mation of what is passing ; and to throw care of an army should always be, not to some light into the labyrinth of false reports, allow itself to be surrounded, either by spies by which the lawful speculations of fair and or those who encourage desertion. This de- honest merchants niay be injured.]
Printed by Cox and Baylis, No.75, Great Queen Street, and published by R Bagshaw, Bow Street, Covent
Garden, wiero formes Sumbers may be liad; sold also by J. Budu Crowa and Miisa, Pieti- Muda
Vol. IX. No. 21.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 24, 1806.
" The dangers principally to be apprehended from regal government, relate to the two articles, taxation “ and punishment. In every form of government, from which the people are excluded, it is the interest of " the governors to get as much as they can. Wisely, therefore, hach the Bri:ish constitution guarded the “ safety of the people, in this respect; for, every law, which, by the remotest construction, may be deem“ed to levy money upon the property of the subject, must originate, that is, must be first assented 10, " in the House of Commons; and the application also of the public supplies, is watched with the same " circumspection as the assessment, many taxes being annua', the produce of others appropria'ed to
specific services, and the expenditure of all of them being accounted for in the llouse of Commons."- -PALEY: Moral and Political Philosophy; Book VI. Chap. VII. 769]
(770 *** Agreeably to the notification, given in the preceding Number, I was preparing gard to the expenditure of the public-money,
and having traced that inquiry back to the to publish, in this Number, the Intended
repeated, though then unsupported, exerDispatch of the Court of Directors; but, tions of Mr. Robson; having perceived, when I came to look through the collection
that, but too many of those persons, into f documents, in which it has been publish
whose hands devolved the finishing of what ed by the Court of Directors, I found, that it
he so well began, were actuated by motives could not, consistent with that justice and
very different from his; having seen, that fairness, with which I always have acted, be
those persons were ready to accede to, nay published by me, unaccompanied with the
themselves to propose, a bill of indeninity for other documents, and I found that the whole
Mr. Pitt, who himself had connived at a gross would occupy a space so large as to exclude
violation of the law, in lending £40,000 of from the Register all other matter whatsoever
the public money, without interest, to two for two, if not for three, weeks; and, thera
members of the then parliament; and, fin fore, important as I think this particular sub
nally, having seen these yery same persons, ject, I could not, at this time, bring myself to
these pursuers of abuses under the adıninisresolvenpon such exclusion. A few weeks
tration of Mr. Pitt, propose to voie away, hence, perhaps, when the interesting points
and actually vote away, $40,000 of the pubnow in agitation before parliament shall have
the debts of that Mr. Pitt, been decided, or, at least, settled for the
and that, too, upon the ground, as by them time, an opportunity for the insertion will
explicitly stated, of his “ public merits :" offer.
having all this before your eyes, you naturally
looked back to Mr. Robson, the man with TO THE ELECTORS OF HONITON.
whom the inquiry originated, and who hadi LETTER I.
had no participation in the compromises, the GENTLEMEN, Upon the principle that inconsistencies, and the abandonment of example is more powerful than precept, and principle exhibited in the subsequent prothat, to the producing of virtuous actions no- ceedings thereon. You saw; iu MR. RUBthing is more conducive than the bestowing son, no sycophant, either of the court or the of just praise on those who have virtuously | populace; no seeker for place, either by acted, it was, perhaps, my duty, in common cringing at a levee or by hollow prosessions with that of other public writers, to have, be- to the people; you saw, in him, no warrior fore now, recorded, commended, and ho- against the Treasury Bench, no stickler noured, your discernment and public-spirit
, against the free lise of the King's prerogative as exemplified in your choice of Mr. ROB- in appointing his servants, but a determined son as a member in the present parliament, enemy of corruption and of all abuses, and in the truly disinterested and constitui- through those servants committed, and, protional manner in which that choice was vided these were prevented, caring very lit
But, Gentlemen, an opportunity tle who those servants might be; in short, now offers for our discharging this duty in a you saw, in Mr. Robson, a plain, honest, manner which will compensate for the de- and independent man, wausing nothing from Jay; because our eulogium upon your con- the public, either for hiinself or his relations, duct now comes forth accompanied with having the good of his country warmly at proofs the most satisfactory of its beneficial heart, and having industry and resolution
sufficient to bring his wishes into action. Having witnessed the enormous abuses Such were the reasons for which you chose lately, by inquiry, brought to light, with re- him to be your representative in parii:ment;
and, it is the bounden duty of all those of representatives the right of inquiring how the your fellow subjects, who have the means in money has been expended? And, how is ibeir hands, to acknowledge to you public- such an inquiry ever to legin, unless sowe. ly, and to proclaim to the world, that expe
one man begins it? And, can you possibly rience has already proved, that your reasons conceive any good reason for checking any were well-founded, that you have not been inquiry into the expenditure of the public deceived, and that, in the effect as well as in money, from whatever quarter the first mothe motive, you have a just claim to the tion for such inquiry may come? praise and the gratitude of your country.
Now, Gentlemen, previously to my subIt is, Gentlemen, but a few weeks, since, mitting to you the report of the proceeding, as the consequence of your choice, as the in which Mr. Robson has taken so consiconsequence
your unshackled and consti- derable and so nisetul a part, and which, as tutional exercise of that right, so valuable in
see, related to the wasteful expendiitself, and once so dear and so much revered by ture in the BarraCK-DEPARTMENT, it will Englishmen, that Mr. Robson was returned be necessary to state to you, with somewlia: tothe House of Commons; yet, as will appear more precision than they may as yet have froin the report of a debate and proceeding reached you, the circumstances which led to which I propose here to lay before you, he it. has already done more than any member of The disclosures, with regard to Lord this present parliament towards the correc- Melville and Mr. Trotter, gave rise to public tion of those abuses in the expenditure of the observation respecting the abuses in other public money, which are now, by all men, departments; and, it was proposed, by the except the mere slaves of corruption, ac- then Opposition, who are ik w ministers, to knowledged to exist, and which, there is no move for the appointment of a Conmission one to deny, do greatly contribute to the to inquire into the MILITARY Branch in weight of those burdens that are weighing general. Mr. Fitt, the then minister (whose us to the earth. But, before we proceed to debts, observe, we have since paid !), thoug!! the particular subject thus placed before us, it would be better for himself to have the apand even before we come to a statement of pointment of this Commission ; and, accordthe circumstances which led to the proceed- ingly, he brought in a bill for the purpose, ing in question, it is not unnecessary that we and, in the month of June last, five men, advert, for a moment, to the doctrine of the picked out by himself and OTHERS, were constitution as touching the powers and du- appointed by law. To work this Commisties of inembers of the House of Commons. sion went, beginning with the Barrack-DeThe celebrated writer, from whom I have partment, and not, as one might bare ertaken the motio to this paper, represents the pected, with that of the oihce of COMpouer of the purse as the sole security for the MANDER IN CHIEF, that being, certainliberties, properties, and the lives of the peo- ly, the head department belonging to the arple; and, if this was always so, how much my; but, upon reference to the act, I find, more necessary is it to cling to the doctrine that that particular ofice, was, for some reanow, when there is a regular army of son or other (a very sufficient one, no dcubt), 200,000 men in these kingdoms, about not included; so that, there, even these 30,000 of whom are foreigners ? But, Gen- Commissioners, have no power of inquiry at tlemen, what is this “ power of the purse,' all. But, at any rate, upon the Barrack-Deand what is the use of talking about it; partment they began; and, in the space of what is its use to you and me; how can we nine months, the seven Commissioners and possibly derire any benefit from it, unless their clerks, produced to the House of Comour representatives, I mean, any one of them, mons their first report, contained in 111 can bring before parliament proof, if it exist, pages of loose print, being, in the whole, of frauds in the expenditure of the public about three times as much print as is con. money? The House of Commons, PALEY tained in this letter, which, on this 22d of tells us, is to watch over the expenditure of May, I anı writing to you, and which must the public money; and this is the language be tinisheù and printed by to-morrow night of all those who have praised our constitu- at 12 o'clock! And, Gentlemen, what is tion of government. They tell us, that we the subject matter of the report? Is it a statetax ourselves, and that we ourselves have a ment in result? No: it consists of the evicheck and controul over the expenditure; and dence taken down, as well as of the observathis they explain by saying, that we choose tions thereon ; and, it relates to one single members of the House of Commons to act little point in the affairs of the Barrack-offor us, and tha: whatever they do is done by | fice, namely, the arrears due from the Bar
Well, then, Gentlemen, have not our rack-Master General to the public; as to
which arrears I will, begging leave to digress çasion would have existed for laying such for the purpose, give you a brief account. a Report before Parliament. It was now The report, thus made to the House of Com- some years since the House had been in mous, states, that DELANCEY, the Barrack- " the habit of voting large sums of money Master General, by the means of incorrect " for the crection of Barracks in various statements, had drawn from the Treasury parts of the kingdom; but those votes large sums which he ought not 10 have “ had, of late years, increased to an enordrawn; that GREENWOOD, an army agent, mous extent. Last year it was 2,300,000), who was the Treasurer to the Barrack-Of- “ aud for the present year it was 1,700,000), hce, and who was also the private agent of Having upon a former occasion, attemptDe Lancy, did, in the years 1803. and 1504, " ed in vain to induce the House to go into transter 111,000 of the money drawn for some investigation, finding his former the Barrack-Office, to Le Lancy's private !" opinions justified by the Report now beaccount, instead of applying it to meet de
“ fore the House, and desirous once more, mands upon the Barrack-Office; and that, to bring forward the subject to the notice upon the whole of his account, DELANCY " of parliament, it was natural for him to stood indebted to the public (to say nothing
“ look a little into the cause why this exof the large sum for interest) to the amount penditure had so increased, and the more of 197,415. This report, which had cost so after he bad heard the plea of necesnine months in making out, Mr. Robson sity which the ministers had set up as a had een lie nearly two months longer upon reason for the heavy taxes they had rethe table of the House of Commons uno- cently imposed upon the people. He felt ticed by the ministers, when he obtained in- " it incumbent upon hin, now that the fomation relative to some flagrant abuses “ reins of government had passed into the and peculation in the Barrack-Department “ hands of other ministers, who, he sinin the Isle of Wight; and, upon obtaining
“ cerely trusted would offer no impediment this information, he, un ihe 10th instani, to fair inquiry, to ascertain, it possible rame into his place in the House, where,
" what became of those enormous sums so like an honest representative of the people, “ voted. At present it was his intention 10 he moved for the production of the papers, move for the production ofcertain papers which, in the following report of the debate “ relative to the Barrack Department, for of that day, you will find accurately de- “ the purpose of investigating some very rescrioed.
cent transactions. Wiihort entering inne) " Mr. Robson rose to bring forvrard his any detail on the subject in the present
promised motion for the prouction of “ instance, he should proceed to same the “ certain documents relative to the Depart- papers for which he intended to more "ment of Barracks, with a view to insti- They were short and their production tute an inquiry into certain gross abuses
" would neither be troublesome nor exp-1)" in that Department, through the wasteful sive, the tirst of which, and he would now " expenditure of the public money. He more for it, was “ A List of the several " said it was now 4 years sirice he had ven- “ Barns rented by Government and used as "tured to obtrude himself upon the atten- Barracks, in the Division of Sandow' “ tion of the House, by some observations, Bay, in the Isle of Wight; specifying the " and a motion, on the very subject which “ time when first taken, and also the week" it was now his purpose to offer to their ly or annual rent thereon paid, respertiven as consideration; namely, the scandalous “ ly, from the time of their being so taken “ abuses then existing in the Barrack De- up to the 25th Dec. 1805, inclusive."
partment; and he, on that occasion, i Mr. MARTIN seconded the motion. " warned the House of the enormity of " Lord Henry PETTY said, that if the hon, “ those abuses, upon which he had not the gent. haci done him the honour to make
good fortune of being able to institute, at " the slightest communication to him of his " that time, any inquiry; but which now " wishes or intentions upon the subject, he
were palpably proved to have existed to “ believed he should have been able to have " the full extent which he then asserted, by satisfied the hon. gent that his motion " the Report of the Military Commissioners " for papers and the purpose he had avow.
now in his hand, and which for some ed, were rendered unecessary, by ano"weeks had lain, most unaccountably, un- "ther arrangement which had already taken " noticed upon their table: and he now
As the hon. gent. had not thought ".ventured to say, that had his acivice been proper so to do, he would beg leri in " then taken, many millions of the public say now, that, althorgi le saw ny cwc
money would have been saved, and no oc- tion whatever io tinc production of the