Page images
PDF
EPUB

tle occasion there is to devise new motives or kcep no borse but for the irse of my farın, excuses for the absence of the former, troin and to ride 'o church and inarket. But the rural abodes in which their lcts are cast, will you venture to swear that you have never the voluminous and disgraceful catalogue of within the list year, on any single occasion, ecclesiastical non-residents lately placed upon ridden your horse except upon your farm or the table of the House of Commons, most to church or markei..-F. No; I cannot lamentably declares. So much as to the swear that. I believe I rude it once to the nature itself of the Assessed Taxes. Their christening of iny eldest daughter's child, but injustice and cruelty is aggravated and exas

I do not keep it for such parposes, por perated by two practices in the application should not thank of doing so." I keep it hos of thein, which notable expedients of fiscal nesily and fairly for the purposes of my farm extortion were introduced by Mr. Pitt, and and i10 other. 'Ily farm it is that makes a derised I trow by Old Rose. In all cases of horse necsssary to me, and but for my farm taxes c.pon articles of use or enjoyinent, the I should never think of keeping one.---C. first principles of justice require that every Well, that may be, but now the law is, that person within the scope of such taxes should

a horse used by his owner once in a year for have the option of escaping payment of the pleasure, is a horse kept for pleasive, and tax, by relinquishing the article upon which

we must allow the surcharge accordingly.the tax is imposed, in case he shall be dis

Now for your servant.---R. I do assure abled or disinclined to continue the use or your honour that I keep no servant but my enjoyment of it, after its cost is enhanced by husbandry men.

What should I keep a serthe imposition of the tax, but in the case of

vant for ---. Stay a moment, who sada the assessed taxes this principle is completely dles the horse that you ride: - Most violated, the assessment is not made upon an end I saddle it myself, sometimes the the number of carriages, of horses, servants, plough-boy, or one of my labourers !--C. &c. &c. which a person actually has, but Very well, very well, you know we have alupon those which he had a year ago, so tlist ready decided ibat your lorse is a horse kept the party pays duty not upon the enjoyments for plasure, ni a ran who arterids upon a in which he may now be able and dispused her kept for pleasure cannot be called a to indulge, himself with his diminished tarming servant, so, we must allow his surmeans, but for those in which he indulgel chuige also."---Tlic Chancellor of the Exhimself last yeit. Oi-uch a pode of asses- chest er bas mentioned ind additional duty ment the injustice is always the same, but if upon molt, a mucha le..) septionndie alierit be continued in the collection of Loral native than 10 per cent. 2.2

. the assessed Henry Peity's auditional 10 per cent. the taxes, wirich latiur, therefore, should uncruelty of it will be much great r than here- questionably be a burdened. If, however, tofore, since in our present circumstances, unfortunately, it is to be persited in, still at when an addition of more than 7,150,0001. is

least it will be the strictest duety of govertiat one stroke made to the annual burdens of ment, to provide list the 24ssments be the country, almost ihe whole class of per- made upon the enjoyerents actually left to sons deriving their intume from landei pro- each incisiu:ial, api! 120 upon those in which porty, (and many others) mul of necessity

he indulgel a year ago.

Before I ITY contract their expenditure, or, as Ir. Fox down my pen, I must say a few words on the expressed it, he wio lisey in the first floor encouragement had out to harsh and opmust remove to the second, and he who lives pressive surcharge'i, and the informations by in the seconů most remune to the garret, the pecuniary rosaris given not only to -841The most porabie dorice for angientation royors, inspectors, and the other inquisitors of the Assessed Taxes, is the interpretation

of gorerna, at, but also to comition 11of the words. Horses and servants rot tepi formers, in case the party sureharged ør infor the purposes of husbamiry, which I can

fomied against, cannot give strict proof of not inore plainly exhibit to yon than by rela- the illegality of the surcharge or informating the Questions and answers whichi, with

110, while on the other hand, no compens?very little variation, occurred between the tion can be made to bin as the law noty commissioners of taxes, and each of a very stands, for any loss of time, trouble, and exlarge number of farmers, at a meeting of pense which he may have incurred by reason commissioners of taxes at which I was pre- of such information or surcharge, even sent. -Commissioner'.

“ Farner you are

thoh te shall prove it to liave been illegal, surcharged for a horse and man servant kept and also thoroughly groun lless aod vexatious, by you,

have omitted to return. Mr. Tyrwhitt jores reserves the cordiad, Farmer Please your honour, I keep thanks of every man who wishes that the no servant but my farming labourers, and I great mass of taxes, which it is our doom te

which you

1

bear, should not be unnecessarily oppressive " for the commencement of hostilities and destructive of civil liberty, for the clause against the British nation in India, or which he lately moved empovering the against some of the princes or states de. commissioners under the property tax, to “ pendent thereon, or whose territories the award reasonable costs to persons aggrieved " said United Company shall be at such by groundless and vexatious surcharges, in " time engaged by any subsisting treaty to respect of that duty. And though his speci- “ defend or guarantee) either to declare fic remedy was not adopted, government is war or commence hostilities, or enter into bound to turn its attention to the providing any treaty for making war against any of some general relief against oppressions of “ the country princes or states in India, or that kind. Volumes might be filled by re- “ any treaty for guaranteeing the possessions ports of such cases, and as the finance secre- " of any country princes or states, and that tary to the treasury expressed a desire to be “ in such case it shall not be lawful for the furnished with instances of this kind, I will " said governor general and council to desubmit to his inquiry the truth of two com- " clare war or commence hostilities, or enmunications made to me on the subject; one • ter into treaty for making war against any is, that last year a great proportion of the oce “ other prince or state than such as shall be casional resorters to Bath, were, without “ actually committing hostilities or making any particle of evidence or pretence of just preparations as aforesaid, or to make such suspicion, that they had withheld the pay- “ treaty for guaranteeing the possessions of ment of any tax, or making any return re- any prince or state, but upon the consiquired by law, compelled by the revenue in- “ deration of such prince or state actually quisitor to send to the respective places of “ engaging to assist the Company against their ordinary abode for evidence, or by

such hostilities commenced, or preparaother testimony to prove that they had not " tions made as aforesaid; and in all cases violated the law. The other is, that about « where hostilities shall be commenced or the same time, a fellow of the samie descrip- treaty made, the said governor general tion in Gloucestershire, actually compelled " and council shall, by the most expeditious the attendance before the commissioners (at means they can devise, communicate the a considerable distance) of alınost every indi- same into the said Court of Directors, vidual housekeeper of a market town. together with a full state of the informa(Newnham or Newent, I think was the " tion and intelligence upon which they name of it) upor surcharges, as to nearly the « shall have commenced such hostilities, or whole of which it appeared that the only “ made such treaties, and their motives an: ground which le had for making them, was “ reasons for the same at large.” That, by his advantageots chance of considerable pro- an act passed in the yedir 1773, being the 13th fit if he succeded, and of no loss if he failed. year of the reign of his present Majesty, it Taxes must be paid, and the due payment of was enacted, that " for the better managethem shoull be legally enforced, but the “ ment of the said United Company's aftime, the money, and the comfort of respec- “ fairs in India, be it further enacted, by table and conscientious persons, should not “ the authority aforesail, thać for the gobe subjected to be violated without remedy rernment of the Presidency of Fort Wil·by the wantonness, ir solence, spite, or ra- “ liam in Bengal, there shall be appointed! pacity of these interested harpies.-X. X. a governor general, and four counsellors,

" and that the whole civil and military go-
“ vernment of the said Presidency, and also

" the ordering, management, and governCOLLEY MARQUIS WELLESLEY,

“ ment of all the territorial acquisitions and

revenues in the kingdoms of Bengal, Ba

“ bar, and Orissa, shall during such time as (Concluded from p. 896.)

the territorial acquisitions and revenues « Be it therefore further enacted, “ shall remain in the possession of the said ." by the authority aforesaid, that it shall " United Company, be, and are hereby ... not be lawful for the governor gene- “ vested in the said governor general and “ ral and council of Fort William atore- « council of the said Presidency of Fort " said, without the express commud and “ William, in Bengal, in like manner, to

authority of the said Court of Directors, “ all intents and purposes w batsoever, as

or of the secret committee of the said “ the same now are, or at any time heretoci Court of Directors, in any case (except “ fore might have been exercised by the “ where hostilities have actually been com- “ president and council, or select committee

mencect, or preparations actually made " in the said kingdoms." That, neverthe

[ocr errors]

ARTICLES OF CHARGE OP HIGH CRIMES AND

MISDEMEANORS GOMMITTED BY RICHARD

IV

HIS

TRANSACTIONS WITH RESPECT TO TIIE
NABOB VIZIER OF OUDE.

less, the said Marquis Wellesley, in defiance | honesty, demanded.—That, as preliminary and contempt of the laws, to the strict 06 to

to the employment of means so foul, so servance of which he was bound by engage- wicked, so unworthy of a soldier and a Briments the most soleinn, did, from the time ton, the said Marquis Wellesley did recall of his arrival in India, conceive and entertain from Lucknow the then resident, John the intention, an intention which he finally | Lumsden, Esquire, who had assisted in the executed, to encroach upon the power and negociating of the treaty of 1799, and, in rights of the said ivabob Vizier, to interfere the room of him, did, in the month of June, in the internal affairs of his government, to 1799, appoint, as resident at that court, undermine and to destroy his authority over Lieutenant Colonel William Scott, with his household affairs, his troops, and his sub- whom the said Marquis Wellesley had prejects, and, under pretences the most false, viously held secret consultations as to his ulto extort from him, the said Nabob Vizier, timate designs with regard to Oude, and his hereditary dominions, so 'solemnly gua- who, as it hereinafter will appear, was a reranteed to him by the Company in the presentative entirely worthy of the person treaty of 1798; and that all this he the said whom he was chosen to represent, and of Marquis Wellesley did without the concur- the designs with the accomplishment of rence, approbation, or consent, and even which he was charged. - That, with respect without the knowledge of the council of to the alledged nonpayment of the monthly Bengal, and without communicating to the kist (or instalment) as provided in the treaty said council, or to his employers, the said of 1799, it doth appear from a retrospective East India Company, any information what- view of the several treaties and compacts ever of such his intention or proceedings:- between the Engish Company and the NaThat the means. hy him the said Marquis bob Viziers of Oude successively, that the Wellesley employed for the eflecting of his annually snbsidy, paid by that country to designs of encroachment, extortion, and the Company, had, in the space of twentyusurpation aforesaid, were, first, the making five years, been anemented by degrees from and reiterating of unfounded complaints and 315,0001. to 950,0001. That, from a letter affected apprehensions with respect to the of Sir John Shore, Baronet, to the secret Nabob Vizier's due payment of the monthly committee of the Court of Directors, dated kist (or instalment) : secondly, the making on the 5th of March, 1799, immediately af. of continual applications to the Nabub Vi- ter the conclusion of the treaty last-nienzier for the disbanding of his troops; the tioned, and also from a letter of the said sepurport of which applications, together with cret committee to the governor general in the persecuting and insulting manner in council, dated on the 15th of May 1799, it which they were made, being evidentiy cal- doth further appear, that it was reasonable culated and intended to disgust the Nabob to expect, and that it actually was expected, Vizier with his government, and to induce that is the Nabob Vizier would find conhim to abelicate his thinne: Chird, the im- “ siderable difficulty in fulfilling his pecumediately interfering in the internal govern- niary engagements with the Company ment of the Nabob Vizier, the encouraging “ during the first year, or perhaps longer ; of his subjects to resist his authority, and and that, by the stipulations of the treaty of even the fomenting amongst them a spirit of 1798, a burthen full as great, if not greater, hostility to the person, as well as to the than he could possibly bear, had, in the opigovernment, of their sovereig:; and, fourth, nion of Sir John Shore, Baronet, and also of the pouring into the country of the Navob the East India Company, been imposed upon Vizier troops in such numbers, and of ex- him the said Nabob Vizier. That, neverpense so enormous, and the adding there- theless, the said Nabob Vizier did, in a manunto the amount of new and unfounded ner the most princtual, begin and continue claims, together with charges for troops, to make payment of the kists (or instalments) 'which troops had no existence in fact; thus as aforesaid fixed and agreed upon; that in heaping demand upon demand, until the re- one single instance only did he suffer to fall venues of the Nabob Vizier became inade

in arrear a monthly kist, which he immequate to the

payment; and having at last diately afterwards paid up. That from the 'compelled him to make an arowal of such day of the conclusion of the treaty to the day inadequacy, seizing upon that avowal as the of its final abrogation by the treaty of cesground for denanding from him a cession, sion from him extorted by the saici Marquis in perpetuity of one half of his territory, as Wellesley, he the said Nahob Vizier dich, a compensation for the nonpayment of the with the most perfect sincerity and the riost sums so unjastly, and in such direct violation scrupulous good faith, adhere, in word and of treaty, of good faith, of honour, and of in deed, to all and singular its stipulations

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

and provisions, and that, therefore, the pre- every cause of complaint upon this head. tences of the said Marquis Melesley, oi aj will speedily terminate ; observing at the prehensions as to the pancual payment of same time, that the large, useless, and ex. the kists, were insiucere, unfounded, and pensive winary establishment within the file, and were intended to mask the iniust, Oude deminions, appenrs to them to be dis.noar.ble, and persidious designs, which one of the principal objects of economihe had previonsis formed or inte fering ill " cal retorm. That hence it doth ruaniand encroaching upon the government of festly ripear, that, eren agreeably to the the Nabob Vizier, for disbanding his troops, hard terms of the ireaty of 1798, and to the and tinadly for seizing upon his territories, in subsequent instructions of the secret comdetiance of the positive compact with the mittee, the disbanding of the troops of the $7 Nabob Vizier, as well as in defiance of said Nabob Vizier had in view no object be, the law before cited, which he the said Mar. | yond that of leaving him the means puncquis Wellesley was olemnly bound to ob- tually to discharge the stipulated kists; that, serve, ad rere to, and obey - That, with in ihe extent of disbanding, reduction, or respect to the disbanding of the troops of reform, due attention was to be paid to the the Nabob Vizier, it was, in the treaty of dignity and convenience of the Nabob Vi1798 afore-mentioned, settled and agreed, zier ; and, in the execution of the measure, that “ the said Nabob Vizier should possess the Nabob Vizier was to be the principal, “ full authority over his household affairs, he having agreed merely to consult upon the “ hereditary dominions, his troops, and his subject with the company's government, and

subjects ;and that, in another part of having, in the express terms of the treaty the said treaty, it was setiled and agreed, aforesaid, retained “ full authority over his that, “ Whereas by the engagements now

" household affairs, hereditary dominions, " entered into between the Nabob Vizier “ his troops, and his subjects." But that,

and the Congpany, the amount of the sub- notwithstanding the obvious meaning of the " sidy is considerably increased, and many stipulations and insiðuctions aforesaid; not« other permanent charges upon his excel- withstanding the arrear before-mentioned " Jercy are incurred; upon a comparison of had been fully paid up, and all the subse* his disbursements with the assets (or pe- quent kists liad been paid to the day, and "cuniary means) of his country, it becomes even the day before due g notwithstanding necessary

to make such reductions in the the Nabob Vizier had, in strict conformity ** superfluous charges, servants, &c. as may to the treaty, not only shewn a willingness ** be requisite and are consistent with his to make a reform in luis military establish“ excéliency's dignity and convenience, and ment, but had urgeritiy besought the Com" to that end the said Nabob agrees to con- pany's government with bim thereon to cona *** sult with the Companiy's government, sult, and in concert to devise proper objects ** and, in concert with them, devise the of reduction, and proper means in such reproper objects of such reductions, and the

duction to be employed; all this notwith“ 'best means of effecting them" That, in standing, the said Marquis Wellesley, in fura letter from the secret committee of the therance of his iniquitous designs of territoCourt of Directors aforesaid to the governor rial aggrandizement, extortion, and plunder general and council, dated on the 15th of į albie-menioned, did, between the month of May, 1799, it is steed, that, seeing the dif- July and the tivelith of November, 1794, as ficulties which the Nabob Vizier had to en- weil himself as by and through the means of counter, as atore-mentioned in the letter of the said William Scott, by him thereunto Sir Julio Shore, Baronet, they, the said se- moved and instigated, directly interfere in 'cret committee are “ pot surprised to find, the internal government, in the household *** by thic last accounts, that an arrear had ac- affairs, and in the appointment of coutici.'“ cumulated in the payments of the kists to lors and ministers of the Nabob Vizier, and, ss the amount of 'eighien lacs of rupees;

in terms the most peremptory and arrogant, «r that Lord Mornington having represent- dictate unto him the said Nabob Vizier such died, however, that he believes the Nabob a reduction of his military establishment 48 « Vizier is sincerely disposed to make etery would have left lim no troops over whom to

possible effort for the liquidation of this exercise authority, and as would, according arrear, as well as for introducing such a to the remoustrance made by the said Nabob system of order and economy into the Vizier, have left him “ no authority what

management of his finances, as will enable erer over his dominions or his subjects;." " him to be more punctual in his future and, finally; did threaten to march, and ac

payments, they, the said secret committee, tually made preparations for marching, large entertain a well-grounded expectation that bodies of the Company's troops into the ter* Where upon

ritories of Oude, to be maintained at the ex- pation, did, on the other hard, resort to the pense of the Nabob V.zier, arowing at the use of persuasions the mis manere insisame time that the Nabob Vizier would be dious, and crafiy, he, the aid Marcus Wel. unable to make good such expense, without lesley, having to the sain William Scott disbanding bis own troops; insomuch, that, stated, that “ the proposition of the Nabob at the epoch last-mentioned, namely, cutie “ Vizier was pregnant with such immerise twelfth of November, 1799, wearied with benefit, that it could not be too much en unceasing importunities and threats ; thwart- couraged; and that there were no cir.. ed by he frowardness of his Aumils, and cumstances which should be allowed 10 others thereunto stirred up and encouraged impedo the grand objectio which it led, by the said Marquis Wellesley; disgusted " that object being the acquisition by the with a system of interferences, of dictaiton, Cororany of the exclusive authority, civil of reproof, and of insult, by which he was " and prilitary, ovu the dominions of exhibited as a slave in his own capital; the " Qade," while at the same time he the said Nabob Vizier did make unto the said said Marquis Wellesley did instruct the said Marquis Wellesley a proposition for the ab- William Scott to declare to the Nabob Vidication of his throne, for the placing his soni zier, that “ his abdication of the governthereon, and for retiring himself to a dis- “ ment of Oude was neither wished for nor tance from his capital; his intention, as it " approved of by him" the said Marquis afterwards appeared, being to urak in per. Wellesley; thus evincing the profound st 801 an appeal to the justice of the King and hypocrisy, united with views the most !yo the Parliament in England.

rannical, violent, and cruel. -That, with the said Marquis Wellesley, in pursuance of respect to the fomenting, amongst the subhis unjust and unlawful designs as before jects of the Nabob Vizier, of discontents described, tagerly seizing upon the proposi- against his government, and hostility to his tion .so made by the Nabob Vizier, and, person, the said Marquis Wellesley, through falsely ascribing the said proposition to a the means of, and in concert with the said sense of incapacity and inability to govern in William Scott, besides the divers acts of he the said Nabob Vizier, did unto him the kind here mentioned and before reterred to, said Nabob Vizier, through the means of i dit after the rejection of the aforesaid irthe said William Scott, propose the execu- siling and cruel proposition, together with ting of a treaty, whereby to assign over, in of her propositions Berly thereut resemperpetuity to the E.ust India Company, blius, and with the view and the intention in the soie administration of the civil and of driving the Naboi Vizier, his rishis and

military government of all the territories revenues and territories to renounce, in*“ and dependencies of the state of Oude, trigue with, stir up, and, as well by threais “ together with the full and entire right and as by promises, did move and instigate the

title to the revenues thereof," to the utter subjects of the said Nabob Vizier the due exclusion of his sons and of every branch of an börity of their sovereign 1000. temu, his his fimily, to agree to quit the territories of lawiul commands to set at nought, his just Oude forever; to remove unto and reside in cui

claims to reture, and his person to aphor. some place within the Company's territo- | That, in the month of May, 1501, a cession ries, to be fixed by the governor general in of territory having been demanded of the council, there to reside, and the said place of Nabob Vizier by the said Marquis Welie iey, residence not thereafter to change, without and the demand having been barked by the the leave of the governor general in council, marching of large bodies of the Company's and thus to renounce his dominions and his

troops into the territories and near the capital subjects, to disinhierit his sons and his family of Oude; the Nabib Vizier seeing Fesistfor ever, and, in return, to become, in tat, ance to be in vain, yet hoping to obtain some a prisoner in some one or other of the Com- sınall degree of security for his person, bis pany's fortresses in the province of Bengal revenues, and his authority, in the territoor of Behar. That the Nabob Vizier, ries which should remain in his bands, did astounded at a proposition so unjust in itself, draw up a paper of requests, communicating and so insulting to his feelings, yet so cha- the same in a manner expressly wofficial to racteristic of the mind and of the views of the said Williain Scott, from whom, in a the proposer, and strenuously remonstrating very short time afterwards, he the said Naagainst the terms of the said treaty, which he bob Vizier did receive back the said paper, finally rejected, the said Marquis Wellesley, together with an urgent recommendation, while, on one hand, he renewed with in

accompanied with profe-sions of the warmest creased arrogance his menaces of interfe- friendship, that the abob Vizier would not Tence, encroachment, extortion, and usur- insist upon his the said William Scott's

« PreviousContinue »