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transmitting any such paper to the said veying to the said William Scott the instrucMarquis Wellesley ; but that the said Wil- tions here following; to wii, “I conclude, liam Scott, during the short time that the “ that you have retained an attested copy of said paper remained in his hands, did sur- “ the paper of requests, of which yon hare reptitiously take a copy thereof, and the said sent ine the original. If it should become copy did immediately transmit to the said

necessary to assume the districts without Marquis Wellesley, together with an account “ his excelency's consent, I desire you to of all circumstances under which, and all the “ consider, whether it may not be expe. means whereby, the said copy had been ob- “ dient to furnish the Begum, Alinas Ali taived; and that, between the month of Cawn, Hussein Reza Cawn, and the prinMay last-mentioned, and the month of July, cipal personages in Oude, with attested 1801, the said Marquis Wellesley, through copies of such parts of that paper as tend the means of and in concert with the said " to disclose the comprehensive project of William Scott, did make preparations for " contiscation, proscription, and tyranu.cal obtaining an attested copy of the said paper “ violence, entertained by his excellency from the Nabob Vizier, which copy they at against his own fantily, nobility, and peolast obtained. That, in the said paper of ple. If you should concur with me in requests, the Nabob Vizier having expressed opinion, that such a communication to the his wish, that “ should any person have ob- persons named and described in the pre“ tained, or should thereafier obtain, by “ ceding paragraph might be useful, I au“ breach of trust or other means, possession “ thorise you to make it at the period of of specie or property belonging to the “ time, and to the extent which you may “ Sircar of Oude, no one should obstruct his " judge advisable." That the said William

taking back such property," and the said Scott, having before made use of numerous Marquis Wellesley intending to strip him of means to seduce the Nabob Vizier's subjects all authority, and all nieans of self-protection, i fiom their allegiance, did, in the month of seized upon the wish, so expressed by the July, 1501, make to certain amongst them a Nabob Vizier, as a means of rendering him communication of the contents of the said odious and detestable in the eyes of the most paper of requests, accompanied with the wealthy of his subjects, whose riches and false, malicious, and wicked construction jewels to be able to confiscate at pleasure, he thereon put by the said Marquis Wellesley, the said Marquis Wellesley pretended to re- and for the foul and treacherous purposes gard as the object of the wish so expressed afore-mentioned; and that, after all the by the Nabob Vizier. That the said Mar- transactions atoresaid, the said Marquis quis Wellesley, thus falsely pretending, did, ; Wellesley did, in a public and official manon the 2d of June, 1801, thus write to the

ner, express his entire satisfaction at the Nabob Vizier : “ The publication of the ar- conduct of the said William Scott, and did, ticles tendered by his exceilency to the as a mark of such his satisfaction, appoint

governor general, and still more any at- the said William Scott to be one of his hotempt to carry them into effect, would

norary aides de camp, or legion of honour, a inevitably occasion the most dreadful con- distinction which, agreeably to the express “ vulsions in the province of Oude, and words of the said Marquis Wellesley, he had « would for ever alienate from his excel- “ reserved for such officers, as had proved

leacy's person and government erery sen- “ highly meritorious in the field, or in the “ timent of aflection, obedience, or respect; conduct of negociations with foreign " and the governor general, therefore, not “ states."--That, with respect to the “ only expresses his anxious hope that the pouring of troops into the territories of the “ Nabob Vizier will never revive the pro- said Nabob Vizier, the loading him with ac

ject contained in the proposed articles, but cumulated expenses, and the final seizure of

his lordship most carnestly recommends it one half of his territory, as a commutation ss to his excellency to exert every possible for the suns so unjustly demanded, the said "! precaution to prevent the tenor of those Marquis Wellesley having disbanded the

propositions from transpiring in his excel- troops of the said Nabob Vizier without his

lency's court, or among any description of consent, which disbanding he had repre“ his excellency's subjects." That the said sented as suiticient to enable the said Nabob Narquis Wellesley, while he was thus wri- Vizier. to meet all the demands that would ting to the Nabob Vizier, while he was thus ever come against him for the support of the expressing his apprehensions lest the Nabob | Company's troops to be in lieu thereof inVizier should suffer the knowledge of his troduced into the dominions of Oude ; wish so expressed to transpire amongst any having introduced into the said dominions, description of his subjects, was actually con- corps upon corps, adding expense to expense, making, upon exaggerated and frauduļent and that the said Marquis Wellesley, resortestimates and returus, demand after demand ing again to his false, malicious, and wicked on the treasury of the Nabob Vizier, while construction of the paper of requests, did in‘at die same time he undermined the autho- struct the said Henry Wellesley to present rity of the said Nabob Vizier over the per- and to publish a declaration, containing the sons from whom his revenues were imme- parts of the said paper referred 10, togeber diately received; having in fact seized upon with the said Marquis Wellesley's construcgreat part of the territories from which the tion thereof, to the end ibat the most opuNabob Vizier's revenues were derived, inso- lent and powerful subjects of the said Nabob much, that on the 18th of July, 1801, in Vizier might thereby be induced to abandon answer to reproaches to him by the said their sovereign, and to join in the views of William Scott made, relative to the non- the said Marquis Wellesley; which said inpayment of the kist, the said Nabob Vizier, structions were expressed in the following in the bitterness of his heart, thus repre- words; to wit: “ You will communicate to sented the tyranny over him by the said " the Begum, to the other nembers of bis Marquis Wellesley exercised: “In respect “ excellency's family, and to the principal “ to the kist, you well know, that, in oppo- persons of rank at the Vizier's court, the “ sition to and in defiance of me, you bave nature and extent of those acts of arbitrary “ called before you the Aumils and their power to which the Vizier required the

Vakeels, (or messengers) and, without “ sanction of the British name, as the conmy acquiescence, or any participation on " dition of his consent to a territorial ces

my part, you have told them that such and sion. And his lordship directs that this so such countries belonged to the Company, “ unparallelled instance of rapacity and in“ and have forbidden them giving me the “ justice, forin a leading article in the de" peishgee, or advance; and further, you “ claration to be preferred by you, and " have directed the officers in command of “ transmitted for his lordship's approbatioll. “ the troops to establish themselves in the “ You will also communicate to the Begum, “ countries alluded to; judge then, what “ and to the other personages in question, a

contusion these circumstances must have “ copy of his lordship's reply to that part of .“ given rise to in the country, what con- " the Vizier's propositions. His lordship « fidence the Aumils can now repose in me; “ has no doubt, that the knowledge of this " 'having first deprived me of the means of transaction will felly explain the neces

collecring the revenues, you then call “sity of the Company's assumption of the

upon me to make płymenis.” Having, “ civil and military government of Oude 10 by nieans so unjust, and tyrannical, reduced “ those persons who are the objects of his the said Nabob Vizier to the situation here excellency's proscription. His lordship is described, the said Marquis Wellesley, under • also of opinion, that lois Fxcellency the the false pretence of being so authorised " Vizier, either sensible of the disgrace, or to act by the treaty of 1793, did demand, apprehensive of the consequences of a and by and through the means of his brother « public exposure of his tyrannical views, the lionourable Henry Wellesley, by him may be ultimately induced to accede to unlawfully appointed to the mission at an equitable arrangement by a seasonable Lucknow, did, from the said Nabob Vizier “ notification of this part of your iustrue'force and extort the cession in perpetuity to “ tions, and of its result. His lordship the East India Company, of the one-half of deems it not improbable, that the printhe whole of the territories of Oude. That, cipa: persons to wloin the forening comin the month of November, 1801, a treaty, “ munication is to be made, may come forin which the said cession was stipulated for, “ ward with declarations exp.essire of their was concluded with the Nabob Vizier ; that indignation of his exceilency's unwarrant the said Henry Wellesley, in order to com- ." able views, and soliciting the protection pel the said Nabob Vizier thereunto io con- of the British government; in this event, • sent, did renew the alarming threats so fre- his lordship directs that you will rceive quently resorted to by the said Marquis "such representations, and transmit them Wellesley, by the means of, and in concert immediately to liis lordship. But the most with the said William Scoit; that he, the “ noble the governor general desires that said Henry Wellesley, was instructed to de- you will noi solicit or express any wish to chre, and to the said Nabob Vizier did de- .“ receive any such repri sentations. His clare, the settled determination of his bro- “ lordship deems it of essential importance 'ther, the said Marquis Wellesley, to seize " that the receipt and substance of such reupon the whole of the dominions of Oude, “ presentations should be particularly nounless the cession proposed was assented to; “ ticed in the proposed declaration. The " communication above directed to the fa- pleting of a triumph so inglorious, the said

mily of the Vizier, and the principal per- Marquis Wellesley, by the means of, and in

sons of his court will consequently pre- concert with his said brother Henry Wel“ cede the delivery of that document to his lesley, did, at the moment of lis taking puso "! Excdl. ney the Viziet.” Trat, notwith- session of the territories to the Company standing the embarrassment and dar, er ari- ceded as aforesaid, inipose new and unpre: sing from intrigues so perfidious, not within cedented burthens upon the people, aug. standing the alarming threats and the per- menting, in a proportion of nearly one-bait, So in jts from the said Henry Wellesley the revenues from them before coilected, daily received; notwithstanding the great and enplossing in the collection of those re

numbers and the menacing attitude of the venues, in extorting from the husbandman · Company's troops; rotwithstanding the or- the very means of existeuce, these troops,

ders for a seizure, by hostile neans, of the these British regiments, which, with his whole of the dominions of Oude, had ac- wonted inzin zerity, he had introduced under tually been issued by the said Narquis Wel- the specics guise of a desire to defend the Jedley; all this notwithstanding, the said country againsi its external enemies, and to Nabob Vizier Cid, until he had exlrusted relieve the people from internal oppression. every means of terrance, untii resist- That long by means of these his extorance could no longer be continued without JOLS, :( other acts of oppression and of imminent danger to his life, and to the lives 1;!anny, excited the resistence of certain of his faily, wihlold his assent from, and aricogst the Zemizdors and Rajabis before decidedly reject, the treaty of cession as described, the said Marquis Wellesley did, aforesaid, "ider the mask of which treaty, by the m€21.- of, and in concert with his but in fact by force of arms, the said Mar- brother aforesaid, cause the mansions and requis Wellesley did wrest from the said Na- treats of the said Rajahs to be surrounded, bnb Vizier a territory yielding an annual re- attacked, and plundered, and the said Rarogue of one croare and thir*;-five locs of jahs, their faithful adherents, their relations, rupees (or £1,682,500.) That through the vassals and servants, to be barbarously slain ; said Nabob Vizier, thus persecuted and thus finishing in violence and murder that plundered, dreading further acts of injustice which in fraud and perfidy he had begun : and violence, and anxiously wishing for the And that, in crder to cite the groans of comfuture to be free from the interference of plaint, 10 extinguish all hope of re:ress, and British amity and advice, most earnestly les lois fraudulently acquired and tyrapnical sought the said Marquis Wellesley to leave power the more securely to preserve and to liim the sole management of the territory exercise, lie the said Marquis Wellesley, as funto him the said Nabob Vizier now well by himself as by his brother atoresaid, maining, the said Marquis Wellesley by the did declare, and unto the pripce, and people means of, and in concert with his brother of India did, through the means of such de. aforesaid, did, in manner and in terms the claration, proclaim, that no change of adınimost baughty and insulting, reject the said nistration in Britain could stay tlie course of request; guaranteeing unto tlié said Nabob his proceedings as aforesaid; falsely and auVizier and bis heirs the sovereignty of ihe daciously thereunto adding, that the said said remaining territory, solely upon the con- Çurse, a course of fraudulent pretences, of dition, that they should hold it under such a pecuniary exertion; of political encroachsystem of administration as might be recom- ment, and of territorial invasion and usurmended by the officers of the said East In- pation, bat " already received ihe approbacia Company: and, that this injurious and ' tion of his Sovereign, of Parliament, and degrading condition was by the said Mar- “ of the Company ---- That in all and quis Wellesley imposed under the impudent singular the above recited acts and proceed, pretext of its being nece-sary, in order to seeings, the said Richard Colley Marquis Wetcure the fulfilment of the treaty, of 1798; lesley has been wholly 1:0mindful of the soaccording to the letter, as well as to ile spi- lemn glements of duty to the said East rit of whici, treaty the whole of the domi- India Capany, to his Sovereign, and to his nions of Oude were guaranteed to the Nabob Country, by bim entered into ; has daringly Vizier and his heirs for ever, with “ full contecar? the Parliament, the King, and “ authority over his said dominions, bis ttre Laws, and dish poured the British na“ household affairs, his troops, and luis sub- tion and name; and has therein been guilty jects." That, proceeding in the corr- of high offences, crimes, and misdemeanors.

re

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Garden, where Forner Numbeis miay bc had; sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Aitre, Hall-alalt.

VOL. IX. No. 26.]

LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1906.

[Price 10D

• What difference, therefore, is there berween the conduct of Mr. Pitt and that of Lord Melville? And yet, to the memory of the one we are granting all : he honours due to the untarnished and meritorious " deal, whié we are pursuing the peace, the fortune, and the fame of the other!"- -POLITICAL REGIS. TER, 1st Feb. 1906. 961]

[562 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. view of establishing this accusation, it was ACQUITTAL OF LORD MELVILLE.- discovered, that Mr. Pitt, who had been du. The history of the linpeachment of Lord ring the whole of the time, first Lord of the Melville will, of course, be given, and in a Treasury, and, indeed, the prime minister very short time, in the Parliamentary De- and ruler of the country, but particularly as bates and Proceedings. An Analysis of the to all matters of money; it was discovered trial is given in another part of this sheet. It that this Mr. Pitt, who bad limself introis, however, the peculiar office of a work duced into parliament and had minutely ex: like this, to observe upon the transaction ; plained the intention of the law which had and, if all observation thereon has been ab. been, as was alleged, so grossly siolated by stained from for the two weeks, since the Lord Melville; it was discovered that this acquittal was pronounced, it has not been very Mr. Pitt had himself participated in ail owing to any doubts respecting either the de- that was alleged against Lord Melville, for cision itself or the motives whence it pro- that, though duly informed, by a Bank of ceeded; and, which decision and motives England director, that the naval money was will, I trust, never be forgotten by the peo- withdrawn aud inisapplied as afore-mentionple of England, though, at present, they ap- ed; though this fact was confirmed to him pear, in general, to be dumb-stricken by the by the confession of Lord Melville himself,' force of their feelings upon the occasion.-- he took no measures to put a stop to the In Scotland, indeed, the feelings of the peo- abuse; he never desired even that the abuse pie liave broken out into action; and, at should cease; and, that, therefore, as to Edinburgh in particular, the magistrates have conniving at the misapplication of the naval found it necessary to advise the people not money, he was a full participator with Lord to numinate their houses for joy. At Ber- Melville. But, in one respect he went wick public rejoicings have taken place; much farther; for, it was discovered, during and, it is stated, that, in order to render the the aforesaid inquiries, that Mr. Pitt, not manger of those rejoicings "more peculiar- only participated in the connivance, but, that

ly appropriate, and more expressive of lie participated in the acts of misapplication, " the sentiments of the people, the bon- and that he was, moreover, an instigator to “ fires were made, in great part at least, of such acts, he having, in the instance thiac

empty and cast-off beer-barrels !". came to light, received 40,0001. of the naval This may be rather grating to the souls of money from Lord Melville, which money _sone persons; but, whatever other folks he lent without interest, to lu'o of his politi. · may think of it, Mr. Fox, Mr. Grey, Mr. cal supporters, who were members of the

Windham, Lord Henry Petty, Mr. Whit- House of Cammons; and, of this transaction, bread, and the rest of that party of politi- he did, observe, make no mention to his colcians, have, assuredly, no reason to com- leagues of the cabinet; he made no nuinute plain; for, as it has been frequently ab- or other record of it any where; and tbc served, they have, in their language and in fict was found out; it was detected, in just their measures with regard to Mr. Pitt, the same way that all the facts relative to made, and put upon record, a complete an- Lord Melville were. ---That this statement swer to every thing that they can say with is correct, will not, I am persuadel, be deregard to Lord Melville.Lord Melville nied; and, let me ask any honest min, whewas acclised of a gross violation of the law, ther Mr. Pitt's oftence, especially when we and a high breach of duty, is having per- take into view the station he tilled, was not mitted the naval money to be withdrawn greater, legally as well as morally considerfrom the Bank of England, to be lodged ed, than that of Lord Melville? I am sure elsewhere, and to be, in some cases, employ- the answer will be, that it was greater; ed for the private advantage of individuals

. and, it is hardly necessary to add, that, the Lo the course of the inquiries, made with a moinent a report was made to the House of

46

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Commons upon Mr. Pitt's conduct; upon The other is, by that House of Commons, . the conduct of the cousin of Lord Grenville pursued and brought to trial, and, at the end with whom the Foxes had coalesced; the of that trial, is acquitted upon every charge moment a report was made upon his con- preferred against him; but, is, by such trial, duct, a bill of indemity was proposed, and put to an enormous expense. Now, whatthat, too, by the prosecutors, by the im- ever may be the opinion of those who hare all peachers of my Lord Melville! These im- along viewed these men with an impartial peachers eulogized Mr. Pitt. There was eye, and have, of course, wished to see the sca

od which they did not say of same fate attend them both; whatever may him

upon the occasion. Nay, will any one be the opinion of such men to the paying of of them now deny, that there was, at that Lord Melville's expenses, there, surely, can, moment, actually on foot a scheme, if not a with the indemnifiers of Pitt; the eulonegociation, for coalescing with him? The gizers of Pitt; the voters for the paying of scheine then failed; but, was it entirely. Pitt's debts; with these men there surely abandoned, until after the total failure of can be no objection, or, at least, no objection the Third Coalition upon the Continent that will bear urging openly, to the payment And, when, in January, Mr. Pitt died, of Lord Melville's expenses, which would, though the Foxes declined voting him a besides, be an excellent finisher to this pamonument, they were amongst the foremost triotic undertaking. --Shall I be told, that to vote for the payment of his debts by the this would operate as an insurmountable dis public, and this they did expressly upon the couragement to impeachment in future ground of his PUBLIC MERITS. As if My answer is, that Mr. Fox, who was so all this were not enough to enable the world eager for impeaching Lord Melville, has, to draw an inference in favour of Lord Mel. for months past; indeed, ever since, he came ville, MR. WHITBREAD,' the zealous, the into office, been endeavouring to persuade able, and the theretofore praiseworthy pro- the House of Commons and the public, that secutor of Lord Melville, did, even upon the impeachments are, to say the best of them, trial, extol the public virtues, and particular- quite useless things! He has, it is true, been ly the PURITY of Mr. Pitt, and this in the speaking about a proposition to impeach a very speech wherein he was making the last friend of his principal associate in power; of his great efforts for obtaining against Lord but, we must understand him in a general Melville a sentence which should brand him sense ; and, if impeachments be quite use. with CORRUPTION for having acted with less, I know of no better way to make the the connivance of that Mr. Piti, for having people dislike them than the one now talked participated an action with that Mr. Pitt, for -But, it would be “ an insult to Mr. having yielded to the instigations of that Mr. " Whitbread." I should be sorry to Pitt --Mr. Whitbread has made a mo- see Mr. Whitbread insulted, and I highly tion, in the House of Commons, for ap- disapprove of the beer-barrel bon-fires; but, pointing a committee to examine the Jour- I must confess, that it is beyond my capanals of the House of Lords relative to the city to discover any cause of offence to Mr. decision in the case of Lord Melville. I Whitbread in the House of Commons putknow not the object of this proposed exami- ting Lord Melville upon the same footing as nation; nor do I feel much interest about it; he, Mr. Whitbread, was so willing and so and, I believe, the pablic in general feel, in anxious to put Mr. Pitt, whom I bave this respect, much about as I do. They proved, over and over again proved, to bave have paid the debts of Mr. Pitt. I have been a complete associare and accomplice borne iny share of the burthen thus imposed with Lord Melville.The point I aim at, ipon us by the consent and even with the and which, I trust, I shall have accomplishdecided approbation of the Foxes; and, I ed before I take my final leave of the subject soleniny declare, that I shall pay much more is this, that both parties; that the INS as willingly, or rather, much less unwillingly, well as the OUTS ; that the Fox party and my share of the sum necessary to defray the that all parties in the House of Commons, espenses, to which Lord Melville has been and in the House of Lords, have, in one way pul by his trial. Here are two men, who, or another, justified the acquittal of Lord whether the acts they have committed be Melville ; and that they have, in this respect criminal or not, bave cornmitted the same at least, given equal proof of the justice of ats; are, to all intents and purposes, asso

their claim to the contidence of the people. cutes and accomplices. One of them is in- | The motion for an exainination into the demnitied before-hand; le dies, and his Lord's journals, together with certain ex. debts are discharged toy the House of Com- pressions that have been dropped, here and molis, upon the score of his public merits. there, would seem to insinuate that there is

of.

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